Articles

 

Articles

Page 2 of 1270, showing 50 records out of 63471 total, starting on record 51, ending on 100

May 2024

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Effect of partial substitution of Noug (Guizotia abyssinica) seed cake with graded levels of sainfoin (Onobrychis viciifolia) hay on growth performance and carcass characteristics of yearling rams

A feeding trial was conducted using sainfoin hay at 0, 10, 20 and 30% on a dry matter basis of inclusion to yearling rams placed on, T1, T2, T3 and T4, respectively, to substitute Noug seed cake in concentrate (wheat bran + Noug seed cake + common salt + wheat straw as a basal diet). Yearling 24 rums were selected on the basis of age and weight similarity and randomly assigned to the four treatments in...

Author(s): Dinku Getu, Solomon Demeke, Taye Tolemariam and Mesfin Dejene  

May 2024

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Honeybee pests, predators and diseases in the selected districts of Bench-Maji and Sheka zones, Southwest Ethiopia

This study evaluates the honeybee pests, predators and diseases in the selected districts of Sheka and Bench Maji zones. A cross sectional study design was used in the study. Four hundred and twenty households were involved in the study and 35 were randomly selected using stratified random sampling techniques from each purposively selected twelve kebeles. Specimens were collected from a hive of 72 households for...

Author(s): Teshome Gemechu, Elias Bayou and Tirusew Teshale

May 2024

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Resistance profile of bacteria isolated from Broncho alveolar lavage fluid (BALF) of patients with severe acute lung disease at the University Hospital Center of Cocody in Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire

This study aimed to characterize the microorganisms responsible for severe acute respiratory infections in adult patients hospitalized at the University Hospital Center of Cocody in Abidjan. The biological material consisted of bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF). Isolation and identification of bacterial strains, along with susceptibility testing, were performed using standard microbiological techniques. The bacteria...

Author(s): Sopi Anne-Michèle Sandrine N’chott, Victoire Gadou, Marc Olivier Koffi, Abalé Anatole Toty, Kigninlman Horo, Adèle Kacou-N’douba, Allico Joseph Djaman, and Hortense Faye-Kette,

May 2024

African Journal of Microbiology Research
A metagenomic analysis reveals changes in the bacterial community structure due to infection by the rice yellow mottle virus

This research aimed to explore the pathobiome to enhance the understanding of the roles played by disease-associated microbes. A comparative analysis of microbiomes in rice samples was conducted to shed light on the potential impact of the rice yellow mottle virus on microbiome composition. Forty samples were collected from rice fields of the Office du Niger in Mali. Bacterial DNA was extracted at the LaboREM-Biotech...

Author(s): Kangaye Amadou Diallo, Mamadou Wele, Doulaye Dembele, Thomas Shier, Trevor Gould, Sognan Dao, Aïssé Bah and Amadou Hamadoun Babana

May 2024

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Pollen extracts from the Soconusco region: Chemical profile and effect against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus

Pollen has been widely known to have beneficial properties for humans, including fighting harmful microorganisms. On the other hand, bacterial resistance is an obvious global problem that has increased over the years. For this reason, the study of the antimicrobial properties of substances such as pollen could play an important role in this area. The present work focused on evaluating the antimocrobial effect of pollen...

Author(s): Eduardo Lozano Guzmán, Luis Ángel Morán Núñez, Maribel Cervantes Flores, Adolfo Padilla Mendiola, María Guadalupe Nieto Pescador, Gerardo Alfonso Anguiano Vega, Víctor Jesús Albores Flores, Alfonso López García and Julieta Grajales Conesa  

May 2024

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Phytochemical profile and quality control of complex herbal mixtures used to prepare slimming drinks, commercialized in Salvador-Bahia, Brazil

Traditional herbal products with multiple associated plant species and weight loss claims are widely consumed. The inadequacy of these resources to health standards, the lack of supervision, and the analytical obstacles involved in their investigation are challenges and reasons for this research. In this sense, this study aimed to characterize the profiles: Phytochemical, physical, physicochemical, and microbiological,...

Author(s): Ferdinando Lucas Góis, Danilo Moreira Vilas Boas, Gislane Oliveira Ribeiro, Gildeon Silva Marques, Luciano Morais Lião, Mariângela Vieira Lopes Silva, Ademir Evangelista do Vale and Erika Maria de Oliveira Ribeiro  

May 2024

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Antioxidant, urobactericidal, and antibiotic modulating activity of a parasitic medicinal plant: Cuscuta reflexa Roxb.

The therapeutic potential of age-old Indian herbal remedies needs immediate scientific validation against urogenital problems. This study investigates the antibacterial efficacy of the methanolic extract of Cuscuta reflexa Roxb. stem through multiple diffusion techniques and the zones of inhibition (ZOIs) are expressed in millimeters. The minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) is found to be 1.25 mg/mL against...

Author(s): S. Rani Tripathy, N. Susmita Pradhan and Sarita Das

May 2024

Educational Research and Reviews
Classroom teachers' perceptions of their own digital literacy

Starting from early childhood, children require proper guidance for their spiritual, physical, and mental development, as well as for fostering awareness of digital environments and achieving academic success.Classroom teachers play an important role in helping students become aware of digital environments and acquire effective digital literacy skills. The data of this study, which was conducted to examine the...

Author(s): Hatice Degirmenci Gündogmus

May 2024

Journal of Geography and Regional Planning
Spatial distribution of Chinese churches in the early 21st century

The development of Christianity in China has garnered significant interest from scholars across various disciplines, including religion, sociology, economics, and political science. This paper examines the spatial distribution of Chinese churches in the early 21st century using 10,579 samples collected from WebGIS. Two methods for analyzing spatial patterns, kernel density estimation, and spatial autocorrelation, are...

Author(s): Kun Zhang and Songlin Zhang

May 2024

Journal of Geography and Regional Planning
Sentinel-2 visible and near-infrared reflectance signature data for mapping potential geolocations of curb cuts in Hillsborough County, Florida

A curb cut is a ramp that connects the sidewalk to a street crossing, thereby making it accessible for physically disabled pedestrians. Initially, ArcGIS Pro and machine learning algorithms in Python was utilized to classify a dataset of curb cut spectral signatures, leveraging Sentinel-2 imagery with a 10-m resolution. Initially, multispectral visible and near-infrared (NIR) Sentinel-2 sensors, along with machine...

Author(s): Heather McDonald, Namit Choudhari, Kayleigh Murray, Leomar White, Brooke Yost, Joseph Bohn and Benjamin Jacob

May 2024

International Journal of Physical Sciences
Estimation of porosity and specific yield from vertical electrical sounding (VES) measurements in Anambra State, Southeastern Nigeria

Estimation of porosity and specific yield was carried out from Vertical Electrical Sounding (VES) measurements in Anambra State, Southeastern Nigeria. The study area lies within longitudes 06° 38I 00IIE and 007° 15I 00IIE and latitudes 05° 42I 00IIN and 006° 45I 00IIN with an area extent of about 4844 km2 (1870 ml2), underlain by formations within two geological basins. It falls within the Anambra River...

Author(s): Austin C. OKONKWO, Chidiebere H. NNAMANI, Anthonia N. NWOBODO, Ejiofor C. EZIKE, Chigozie I. AGANIGBO and Victor O. MBAH.  

May 2024

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
Micro and nanobubbles aided membrane processes

The efficacy of micro and nanobubbles (MNBs) in membrane processes, particularly in the realms of cleaning and foul control, has been previously established. However, a comprehensive review of the distinctive attributes and mechanisms that render MNBs effective in these tasks remains unclear, hindering their optimization for enhanced performance and widespread application across membrane types. This critical review...

Author(s): Nachael Mwanga, Li Pan, Salum Kamota and Chanuka Maheshani

May 2024

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
Sources of organ mineral and mineral fertilization on production components of soybean crop

Climbing large productions/productivity is the result of assertive management, primarily associated with plant nutrition through soil fertilization. Another bottleneck in agricultural production, not yet fully elucidated in the literature, is the most appropriate method of fertilizer application, aiming to reduce environmental degradation, lower production costs, enhance nutrient absorption in the soil, and achieve high...

Author(s): Filipe Ribeiro da Mata, Cristiane Ribeiro da Mata, Roberto Gomes Vital and Zeuxis Rosa Evangelista

May 2024

Journal of Accounting and Taxation
Robot taxation: The scrapping of automated checkout machines

This paper examines the recent trend among major retailers to scrap self-checkout machines in favor of returning to human cashiers, exploring the underlying reasons beyond customer dissatisfaction and inventory shrinkage. Through quantitative analysis of tax incentive reversals and their impact on capital investment decisions, we investigate the role of tax policy changes, specifically the expiration of accelerated...

Author(s): Bret Bogenschneider

May 2024

Journal of Accounting and Taxation
Predictors and measurement of tax management behavior: A conceptual paper

This study aims to develop a conceptual model demonstrating the predictors and measures for tax management behavior. The study also proposes the mediating role of management accounting systems in the model. A deductive approach was utilized to propose that board effectiveness, managerial competencies, and management accounting systems are predictors of tax management, while strategic responses serve as construct...

Author(s): Zainabu Tumwebaze, Stephen K. Nkundabanyanga, Laura Orobia and Irene Nalukenge

May 2024

Journal of Accounting and Taxation
COVID-19 induced economic uncertainty and value relevance of accounting information: European evidence

This study aims to investigate the impact of the pandemic-induced economic uncertainties on the relevance of earnings among European firms. Using the explanatory power approach, we ascertain the change in explanatory power as a measure of a change in value relevance of earnings before and during the pandemic. Alternative methodology involving the use of an interaction term is used to ensure the robustness of the...

Author(s): Eunice Yaa Cudjoe and Isaac S. Awuye

May 2024

African Annals of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Does the Blalock-Taussig-Thomas shunt cause catch-up growth of branch pulmonary arteries? No: A systematic review

To determine if the Blalock-Taussig-Thomas shunt (BTTS) causes sufficient growth of hypoplastic branch pulmonary arteries (BPAs) to facilitate total correction or definitive palliation of cardiac lesions, PUBMED (PM) and Google Scholar (GS) were systematically searched between January 1st, 1966, and March 31st, 2023. Search terms included: Blalock, Taussig, shunt, pulmonary artery and Tetralogy of Fallot. Only full-text...

Author(s): Mark N. Awori, Jonathan A. Awori, Gilbert Langat and Kimberly Kipkoech

May 2024

African Annals of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Current status of the paediatric congenital heart disease management pathway in Kenya

The objective of the current study was to assess the current status of the congenital heart disease (CHD) Management Pathway (MP) in the same public hospital in Kenya, following an assessment conducted sixteen years ago that found all phases of the MP to be inadequate. Over the course of one year, patients under 12 years of age with congenital heart disease (CHD) were consecutively recruited from the general pediatric...

Author(s): Mark Nelson Awori, Daniel Ojuka, Diana Marangu and Paul Bannon

May 2024

International Journal of Sociology and Anthropology
Critical analysis of music prohibition and permission in Islam

Neubauer et al. confirmed that the status of music in Islam is one of the most controversial issues. The debate over whether Islam permits or forbids music has intensified. On October 22, Abdul Wahid Shaikh declared, "Music is not forbidden in Islam." A heated debate often arises when the prohibition of music in Islam is discussed, along with its permissibility. Scholars have long debated whether music is...

Author(s): Mussa Ame Mussa,

May 2024

Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development
A proposal of rock dust and biological fixation of nitrogen based on cooperatives to reduce dependence on chemical fertilizers in Myanmar

The defense mechanism against the Coup in Myanmar and the war in Ukraine hampered the functioning of most private and public activities and the relationships between distance and price dispersion have increased. Through a study of the rice cultivation in Myanmar, the article suggests the creation of an institutional environment that supports voluntary forms of cooperatives, developing a culture of independence,...

Author(s): De Angelis Cristiano

May 2024

African Journal of Political Science and International Relations
Understanding the drivers of violent extremism in the African Sahel: A historical perspective

This article analyzes the historical drivers of violent extremism in the African Sahel, with a focus on Mali, Burkina Faso and Niger. It examines how historical factors have evolved to nurture a plethora of violent extremist organizations (VEOs) operating in the region, making it the epicenter of violent extremism in 2023. These historical factors include the influence of religion, Tuareg rebellions (1963, 1990, and...

Author(s): Emile Sunjo and Francios Ndzi Nyadi

May 2024

Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health
Survey and dominant pathological conditions of pig farms in the centre region of Burkina Faso

The aim of this study is to provide a better understanding of the pork sector in Burkina Faso. A survey was conducted among 32 veterinary clinics and practices to determine the primary swine pathologies and the sanitary management of these diseases. Regarding husbandry practices, the study revealed that 43% of surveyed farmers practiced intensive farming, while 53% practiced semi-confinement, and 4% practiced extensive...

Author(s): Kadja Mireille Catherine, Abia Yaogo, Souahibou Sourokou Sabi and Kaboret Yalacé Yamba 

May 2024

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology
Knowledge, attitude, and perception towards social health insurance and associated factors among health professionals working at public health facilities in Gondar City, North West Ethiopia

Willingness to pay for and accept social health insurance varies across regions due to differences in knowledge, attitudes, and perceptions among employees. Ethiopia has introduced a social health insurance scheme despite facing challenges in its acceptance by the formal sector. However, little is known about the knowledge, attitudes, and perceptions of social health insurance. Therefore, this study aimed to assess the...

Author(s): Bayih Endalew Bitew, Birhanu Demeke workineh and Segenet Zewudie

May 2024

Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science
Genotype and genotype x environment interaction effects on the rice grain yield performance in different agro-ecologies in Tanzania

This study aimed to assess the potential of elite rice lines to perform consistently and provide a high yield in several testing environments in Tanzania. A total of eleven rice genotypes were assessed for their yield performance and stability during two consecutive cropping seasons at three different environments. The assessment of grain yield stability was conducted using the Additive Main effect and Multiplicative...

Author(s): Sitta Barnabas Justo, Herman Gerald Mkamilo, Neema Omar Danga, Ramadhani Huseni Bakari, Fatma Suleiman Ally, Rebecca Ambokile Mwakapala, Mbaraka Abubakari Batare, Victoria Bikogwa Bulegeya, Sophia Kashenge, William Titus Suvi, and Sang-Bok Lee  

May 2024

Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics
Impact evaluation of an agricultural input subsidy to mitigate COVID-19 effects on small holder farmers: A case of Uganda

The outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic shocked most economic activities, including agriculture and food production, with limited access to key inputs such as labor, seeds, fertilizer, and other agrochemicals. Food marketing and trade were equally disrupted as cash flows, liquidity, and credit access were constrained. Different countries, organizations, and households improvised various strategies and measures to mitigate...

Author(s): Proscovia Renzaho Ntakyo, Johnny Mugisha and Robert Bangizi  

May 2024

Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics
Assessing livelihood strategy choices among spice farmers in the Eastern Arc Mountains of Tanzania

In Tanzania, spice farming is primarily concentrated within the Eastern Arc Mountains, a designated conservation area presenting a unique interplay of economic sustenance, environmental conservation, and geographical challenges. This study aimed to identify and understand the livelihood strategies employed by spice farmers, as well as to examine the various determinants influencing their decision-making process in...

Author(s): Jacqueline G. Kajembe, Göran Bostedt, Yonika M. Ngaga and Jumanne M. Abdallah  

May 2024

Journal of the Nigeria Society of Physiotherapy
Physical activity levels among people living with HIV in Lagos, Nigeria: Evaluation of adherence to recommended guidelines

In the era of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART), people living with HIV (PLWH) experience increased longevity but also face a rising burden of HIV-related comorbidities and disabilities, impacting their quality of life. The WHO 2020 Guidelines have recommended lifestyle adjustments, such as physical activity, as a strategy to minimize the risk of HIV-related disabilities. However, there is insufficient data...

Author(s): Temitope Oladejo, Hellen Myezwa, Adedayo Ajidahun and Sam Ibeneme

May 2024

Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health Sciences
The relationships between metal (Pb, Cu, Cd and Cr) levels and the size of the Moroccan Atlantic Coast gastropod species (Patella rustica)

The metal (Pb, Cu, Cd, and Cr) concentrations in the soft tissues of the gastropod mollusc limpet (Patella rustica) from the Moroccan Atlantic Coast were measured. The relationships between limpets size and metal levels were investigated by linear regression analysis. This work was carried out to determine the bioaccumulation and relationships of some essential (Cu and Cr) and non-essential (Pb and Cd) metals in the...

Author(s): Lalla Meryem IDRISSI AZZOUZI, Rachid Ben Aakame, Abdellah El Abidi and Mariam Naciri  

May 2024

Journal of Stored Products and Postharvest Research
Insect pests of corn (Zea mays Linné, 1753) stocks and impact on storage and preservation in the Bagoué region, Northern Côte d'Ivoire

In Côte d'Ivoire, corn is one of the most widely consumed foodstuffs. However, this product suffers from pest damage during storage and preservation, mainly caused by insects. The aim of this study is to identify the insects associated with corn cobs and evaluate their effect in Tengrela, Bagoué region. Three sub-prefectures were selected: Kanakono, Debeté, and Papara. In each sub-prefecture,...

Author(s): Johnson Félicia, Kouadio Ebah Reine Elisabeth, Coulibaly Lacina Fanlégué, Coulibaly Sié Yann Stéphane, Doumbouya Mohamed, Kissi Thérèse Appoh Perrine and Koné Daouda,

April 2024

African Journal of Plant Science
Neuroprotective effect of Khaya grandifoliola against aluminium chloride (AlCl3) induced neurotoxicity in rats

Aluminium chloride (AICl3) is known as a potent environmental neurotoxin causing progressive neurodegeneration in the brain. Khaya grandifoliola (KG) is used in Cameroon in traditional medicine for its therapeutical properties. Thus, the aim of this study was to evaluate the neuroprotective effect of K. grandifoliola against AICl3-induced neurotoxicity in rats. The KG25-fraction was obtained by maceration of the K....

Author(s): Domkem Nkameni Léa, Owona Ayissi Brice, Ambassa Axel Cyriaque, Njingou Ibrahim, Ngoungoure Ndam Viviane Laure, Njayou Frédéric Nico,+ and Moundipa Fewou Paul,

April 2024

Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development
Exploring the determinants of attraction of college students to agriculture in Mezam division of Northwest Cameroon

In Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), agriculture continues to play a fundamental role in the economic portfolio of rural households. Generally, youths in rural Africa have little aspiration for careers in the agricultural sector and instead migrate to urban areas to seek employment and better living conditions. In Cameroon, the majority of migrants are youths between 18 and 35, who end up facing serious problems of unemployment...

Author(s): Aseh Emmanuel Vitung    

April 2024

Journal of Engineering and Computer Innovations
Deviation from core tenets of user-centered design; evaluation of user decision reference points in interaction

The evolution of the user interface design process has been driven by a focus on optimizing usability and scalability in response to increasing usage. User-Centered Design (UCD) has gained popularity within the design scope as it places the users at the center of all design decisions, modeling design schemes around their needs. While UCD has proven useful in many practical cases, it has also encountered failures. It has...

Author(s): Noble Ametame Yao Ahiaklo-Kuz and Mathias Rötting  

April 2024

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
In vitro cytotoxic activity of forage peanut (Arachis pintoi Krapov. & W.C. Greg.) oil against leukemic and tumor cell lines

Arachis pintoi Krapov. and W.C. Greg. is widely used as forage and displays high seed productivity. Its seed oil contains high levels of phytosterols, mainly β-sitosterol, which has been associated with several biological properties, including cytotoxic activity against different types of cancer. In this study, we investigated the cytotoxic activity of its seed oil against five cancer cell lines using the MTT...

Author(s): Isabela Brandão de Sousa, Girlaine Pereira da Silva, Renata de Oliveira Garcia, Eduardo Fonseca, Katia Costa de Carvalho Sabino, Graça Justo, Georgia Pacheco and Elisabeth Mansur  

April 2024

African Journal of Food Science
Organoleptic and microbiological characteristics of cubes of Irvingia gabonensis Almonds (Péké)

The aim of this study was to prepare food cubes using Irvingia gabonensis almonds and assess their organoleptic and microbiological quality. I. gabonensis almonds and other ingredients sourced from Brazzaville markets were utilized for formulating the stock cubes. Three different formulations were developed based on a mixing plan and subjected to sensory and microbiological evaluation. The results revealed that the...

Author(s): Stève Moulengo Massamba, Michel Elenga,, Augustin Aimé Lébonguy and Gedellevie Ryssie Miantoko Zébita,

April 2024

African Journal of Political Science and International Relations
Protracted war amid Southern African Development Community (SADC) intervention in the Mozambique insurgency

States in a regional security complex have formed ad hoc missions, which are meant to sidestep the challenges that regional economic communities (RECs) encounter in combating transnational insurgents. Ad hoc missions have made significant tactical gains in combating transnational insurgencies but have failed to achieve a complete victory in several regions of Africa. The paper examines the Southern African Development...

Author(s): Masuzgo Chikanje HARAWA

April 2024

Scientific Research and Essays
Signatures of solar activity fluctuations on Nigerian precipitation patterns

Variations in solar activity on different timescales are a good measure of solar radiation. Solar radiation reaching the earth’s atmosphere impacts on the earth’s climate. Sunspot numbers and F10.7 are widely accepted as good parameters for monitoring solar activity and in this paper. These two solar indices have been employed in determining their effects on Nigerian precipitation on annual and seasonal...

Author(s): Ernest Benjamin Ikechukwu Ugwu and Obiageli J. Ugonabo  

April 2024

Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health
Prevalence and identification of major ixodid ticks of cattle in Guder town, West Shewa, Ethiopia

A cross-sectional study was conducted from April 2018 to June 2018 to determine the prevalence of tick and the associated risk factors and identify major tick genera infesting cattle in Guder town of the West Shewa Zone of Oromia Regional State, Ethiopia. Total 164 cattle under extensive management system purposely from Guder town were selected by systematic random sampling technique and then examined for tick...

Author(s): Abdo Megra and Gashaw Enbiyale  

April 2024

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology
Insights from Cuba's public health achievements: Implications for African countries

Cuba's health system has enabled remarkable population health achievements despite resource limitations. This analysis explores Cuba's model to discern insights for healthcare reform in developing nations seeking to enhance access and equity. A scoping review was conducted to synthesize existing literature on Cuba's health system post-1959 revolution. Policy documents were analyzed to trace systemic reforms....

Author(s): Aly Dramé  

April 2024

African Journal of Biochemistry Research
Serum protein fractions evaluation in blood donors in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso

To contribute to the assessment of blood donor health at the Regional Blood Transfusion Center of Ouagadougou (CRTSO), we evaluated serum protein fractions in voluntary blood donors. The study included individuals deemed fit to donate blood after a pre-donation medical interview at the CRTSO. Data, including blood grouping and serology results (HIV, HBV, HCV and syphilis) were collected during the pre-donation medical...

Author(s): Alice KIBA-KOUMARÉ,, Guetabamba Arnaud KOURAOGO, Fabienne SOUDRÉ., Raoul KARFO, Elie KABRÉ and Jean SAKANDÉ.  

April 2024

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
Characterization of the anaerobic digestion of cashew apple pulp from of the casamance

Anaerobic digestion is considered a good method for processing organic waste. The end result is an almost complete conversion of biodegradable organic matter into finished products like methane, carbon dioxide, hydrogen sulphide, etc. The relative proportions of these gases depend on the nature of the fermented substrates and the fermentation conditions. Moreover, these substrates exist in Senegal with potential not yet...

Author(s): Omar Kata FAYE, Philippe Bernard HIMBANE, Ansoumane DIEDHIOU, and Lat Grand NDIAYE  

April 2024

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
A review of strategies for resilience of health impacts of climate variability in Guinea

Climate change presents major health threats in Guinea, a low-income nation in West Africa. Rising temperatures, variable rainfall, floods, droughts and coastal erosion increase climate-sensitive health outcomes, including respiratory infections, diarrheal diseases, malaria, undernutrition and heat-related illness. From 1990 to 2004, there was a notable increase in deaths, starting from approximately 17,815 in 1990 and...

Author(s): Aly Dramé

April 2024

Educational Research and Reviews
Promotion of academic relationship leadership practice and productivity of lecturers in public universities in Delta and Edo states, Nigeria

The study investigated the promotion of academic relationship leadership practice and productivity of lecturers in public universities in Delta and Edo states, Nigeria. Adopting an ex-post-facto design, it encompassed a population of 3,492 academic staff in four government-owned universities located in Delta and Edo States, Nigeria. A sample of 676 academic staff was selected through stratified random sampling...

Author(s): Patience OKORO, Nelson Ejiro AKPOTU and Romina Ifeoma ASIYAI

April 2024

Educational Research and Reviews
The realities of tutor pedagogical practices and adaptation of gender pedagogy: A comparison of implementation in selected teacher colleges in Tanzania, Kenya and Uganda

The study examined the strategies used by teacher educators in their teaching practices and gender integration in Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania. The nature of the engagement of educational leaders and administrators in supporting teaching, learning and mainstreaming gender issues in teaching was also examined. A total of 165 sampled respondents were reached. This included 81 government officials and educational leaders (18...

Author(s): Nyagwegwe C. Wango, Jane F. A. Rarieya, Omari M. Abunga, Mary Oluga and Aqeela Datoo

April 2024

African Journal of Biotechnology
In vitro antifungal potential of citral and nanoencapsulated citral against Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. lycopersici

This study aimed to encapsulate citral in chitosan nanoparticles and test its antifungal activity, along with the nanoparticles, against Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. lycopersici (FOL), a soil-borne pathogen causing worldwide yield losses in tomato production. The nanoparticles were characterized using scanning electron microscopy (SEM), FT-IR, encapsulation efficiency (EE), loading capacity (LC), and in vitro release...

Author(s): Portia Osei-Obeng, Leonard Muriithi Kiirika and Aggrey Bernard Nyende

April 2024

African Journal of Biotechnology
Isolation and binary fusion of taro (Colocasia esculeneta (L) Schott.) protoplast: Towards developing somatic hybridization protocol as an alternative to sexual hybridization

Collocasia esculenta (L) Schott. (Taro) genotypes cultivated in Kenya rarely produce flowers, thus improvement via pollination is hindered. Somatic hybridization is an attractive alternative to circumvent flower pollination constrain and hence explored in this study. The aim of this study was to optimize isolation and binary fusion of protoplast obtained from C. esculenta (Dasheen) and C. antiquorum Eddoe) genotypes....

Author(s): Mohamed Chungwa, Robert Gesimba and Abwao S. Indieka  

April 2024

African Journal of Biotechnology
Evaluation of the seroprevalence of okra mosaic virus in Koulikoro, Mali

Mosaic virus disease is transmitted by several types of viruses such as OMD, OYVMV, OLCV, CLCuGV, and CYCrV. Among these viruses, some of them are significant threats to okra production worldwide. To develop an integrated pest management strategy against this disease, this seroprevalence study was conducted at the Rural Polytechnic Institute (RPI) of Katibougou, Koulikoro region, Mali. Symptomatic leaves of okra plants...

Author(s): Gaoussou K. KEITA, Laya KANSAYE, Lassina DOUMBIA, Boubacar MACALOU, Ibrahim KEITA, Mariam SANGARE, Moussa Noussourou MAIGA, Nadou Paul SANOGO and Ousmane KOITA

April 2024

African Journal of Biotechnology
Evaluation of runs of homozygosity and genomic endogamy in the Creole breeds Guaymi and Guabala in Panama

The inbreeding coefficient measures the likelihood of identical alleles at a locus in a population due to descent from a common ancestor, highlighting potential negative impacts on health and fitness in both natural and domesticated populations. This study focuses on homozygous segments continuous genomic regions of homozygosity resulting from the inheritance of identical haplotypes from both parents and their role in...

Author(s): Axel Villalobos-Cortés, Ginnette Rodríguez-Espino and Selma Franco-Schafer

April 2024

African Annals of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Lower mini-sternotomy for atrial septal defect repair in a young African woman

Minimally invasive cardiac surgery (MICS) as an alternative to the traditional full sternotomy approach has gained major interest in recent decades. Compared to conventional techniques, MICS has been associated with a shorter hospital stay, reduced risk of infection, and better cosmetic results. We report the case of a 28-year-old female who underwent surgical repair of ostium secundum atrial septal defect (OSASD) via a...

Author(s): Mve Mvondo Charles, Ngo Yon Laurence Carole, Kobe Fokalbo Zephanie, Tsague Kengni Hermann Nestor, Dakleu Mireille, Menanga Alain Patrick, Djientcheu Vincent de Paul, and Ngowe Ngowe Marcelin  

April 2024

African Annals of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Surgical therapy of patent ductus arteriosus in Burkina Faso: Study of the first 23 cases performed at the University Hospital of Tengandogo

Cardiac surgery performance by a local team in Burkina Faso began in 2019. The first procedure was the surgical division of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA). In this study, the authors report the outcomes of the first 23 surgical therapies for PDA performed at the University Hospital of Tengandogo (UHT). It consisted of a retrospective and descriptive study at the UHT from April 9th, 2019, to August 9th, 2021. All cases...

Author(s): Adama Sawadogo, Moussa Bazongo, Farid Pingwindé Belem, Hippolyte Nebepoua Somé, Souhdou Ky, Rodrigue Namèkinsba Doamba, Amadou Gabriel Ciss, Lionel Camilleri and Adama Sanou

April 2024

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Exploring the antimicrobial modulatory potential of the sap from oil palm tree

The sap from the oil palms (Elaeis guineensis), harbours complex microbiota and provides a rich source of therapeutic metabolites. This study investigated the antibacterial modulatory activity of sap from Elaeis guineensis on selected bacteria. To test how well the sap from the oil palm tree affects bacteria, the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of some common antibiotics was found by mixing the sap from the oil...

Author(s): John Antwi Apenteng, Kwadwo Amanor Mfoafo, Hayford Odoi, Emmanuel Orman and Cornelius Cecil Dodoo

Page 2 of 1270, showing 50 records out of 63471 total, starting on record 51, ending on 100