Articles

 

Articles

Page 3 of 1241, showing 50 records out of 62009 total, starting on record 101, ending on 150

May 2022

African Journal of Biotechnology
Characterization and antimicrobial activities of lactic acid bacteria isolated from selected Nigerian traditional fermented foods

For production and preservation of traditional fermented foods, the genera, lactic acid bacteria (LAB) have been used. This study was carried out to determine the characteristics and the antimicrobial activities of lactic acid bacteria isolated from selected Nigerian traditional fermented foods. Changes in pH and titratable acidity (TA) of the samples were investigated for a period of four days (96 h). Eleven tentative...

Author(s): Ohaegbu Chinedu Godspower, Ngene Anayochukwu Chibuike, Asuquo Unyime Inyang, Coulthard Oluwatoyin Debby and Nwachukwu Ejikeme

May 2022

Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics
Diffusion of water harvesting for rainfed agriculture in sub-Saharan Africa: Case of zaï practice in Burkina Faso

After the droughts of the 1970s, the so called zaï technique (small water harvesting pits), which is a water harvesting technique, has been promoted to farmers in several Sahelian countries to allow rainfed crops to adapt to dry spells. Its temporal diffusion remains a subject of little research. This study highlights the determinants of zaï diffusion in the Sahelian and Sudano-Sahelian zones in Burkina Faso....

Author(s): Beteo Zongo, Omer S. Combary, Souleymane Ouédraogo, Patrice Toé and Thomas Dogot

May 2022

Journal of Philosophy and Culture
Traditional authority, nation-building and decentralization in African States: A change in perspective

African states are generally inhabited by peoples of diverse historical, linguistic, cultural and religious backgrounds. This feature of diversity in African states, arguably, poses a challenge in creating social cohesion for such multinational and postcolonial contexts. African states such as Ghana have endeavored to redress this problem by pursuing nation-building through decentralization of the authority of central...

Author(s): Nancy Oppongwaa Myles, Seth Don Arthur and Deladem Tsagli

May 2022

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Anti-quorum sensing potential of Ageratum conyzoides L. (Asteraceae) extracts from Burkina Faso

Pseudomonas aeruginosa causes infections in humans, particularly immune-compromised patients with cystic fibrosis, severe burns, and HIV, resulting in high morbidity and mortality. The pathogenic bacteria, P. aeruginosa, produces virulence factors regulated by the mechanism called quorum sensing system. The aim of this study was to assess the anti-quorum sensing activity of Ageratum conyzoides extracts. Chloroform...

Author(s): Eli Compaoré, Vincent Ouédraogo, Moussa Compaoré, Ablassé Rouamba, and Martin Kiendrebeogo

May 2022

African Journal of Biochemistry Research
Properties of antioxidants produced by Rhodobacter sphaeroides

This study investigated the properties of antioxidants produced by Rhodobacter (R.) sphaeroides, a purple, non-sulfur photosynthetic bacterium. R. sphaeroides was fractionated into water-soluble and ethanol-soluble fractions, and the ethanol-soluble fraction showed stronger activity. Light irradiation significantly decreased the antioxidant activity of the ethanol fraction. The absorption spectra of the ethanol fraction...

Author(s): Deguchi Tomoaki, Ezaki Tomomi, Sato Miki and Kobayashi Masayuki 

May 2022

Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development
Marketing of dairy goat products in Kenya: A survey of the dairy products in selected supermarkets in Nyeri, Meru and Kiambu counties

Dairy goat farming is a significant source of income, particularly for low-income families. However, 75% of the dairy goat products business is still unorganized in Kenya, making its marketing difficult. This study surveyed dairy products in selected supermarkets in Nyeri, Meru and Kiambu counties. The purpose was to identify the types of dairy products sold in supermarkets, the sales preferences, reasons for stocking...

Author(s): Eucabeth Majiwa, Geoffrey Otieno and Caroline Ngugi

May 2022

International Journal of Livestock Production
Performance of weanling rabbits fed aflatoxin treated diets with sweet orange (Citrus sinensis) fruit peel

The performance of twenty four 6-8 week old apparently healthy male and female weanling rabbits of mixed breed fed diets treated with aflatoxin, which contained 5% sweet orange (Citrus sinensis) fruit peel meal was evaluated in an 8 week feeding trial. Sweet orange peels were collected from orange sellers, sun-dried and milled. Fungal strain of Aspergillus flavus was cultured and inoculated into groundnut cake to...

Author(s): Soga S., Oluremi O. I. A. and Osuhor C. U.

May 2022

International Journal of Livestock Production
In situ conservation of boran cattle through community/cooperative bull scheme based breeding program in Borana, Ethiopia

A community based breeding program was performed in the years 2012 to 2017 in Dubluk district of Borana Zone, with the objective to improve some productive traits and conserve Boran cattle breed through disseminating improved Boran sires to pastoral community of the district. Relevant performance data were collected to check the performance of the program to achieve the required goal. The data collected were number of...

Author(s): Tamirat Tessema, Dereje Teshome and Sisay Kumsa

May 2022

African Journal of Biotechnology
New technique for improving fish packaging hygiene and prolonged shelf life

Zinc oxide nanoparticles (ZnO NPs) have received great attention due to their optical, physical, and antimicrobial properties. They have toxic effect against microbes without any effect on mammalians cells. They are used in several applications including extending the shelf life of food. The study aims to determine the minimum inhibitory concentrations of ZnO NPs against different aquaculture fish fungus species and...

Author(s): Elsharawy Nagwa T., Baabdullah Wafa A. and Alkaladi Ali

May 2022

African Journal of Business Management
Understanding affirmative action leadership in the South African financial context

South Africa's (SA) history of apartheid produced racial inequality that was entrenched for centuries. After 1994, the goal of the new government was to transform the workplace. Numerous affirmative action (AA), legislation, policies, and procedures enforced organisational transformational obligation and compliance. Studies in SA indicate a slow pace of transformation. The financial sector may be paying lip service...

Author(s): April Richard A. and Govender Cookie M. 

May 2022

African Journal of Business Management
Marketing strategies and consumers’ purchasing behaviour in Ghana: A case of Nestle Ghana Limited

The role marketing strategies plays in influencing purchasing behaviors of consumers in various economies can never be overemphasized. However, this assertion requires further investigation with respect to consumers of Maggi seasoning products in Ghana especially those in Tamale metropolis. The study analyzed the effect of marketing strategies specifically sales promotion and perceived product quality on...

Author(s): Gonu Eric, Asare-Larbi Mary and Abdul-Rahman Mutari

May 2022

African Journal of Business Management
Exploring global unionism to inform South African ICT sector union strategy

Unions are prominent stakeholders in employment relations (ER), representing and protecting the rights of their members and other employees on labour-related issues that the workforce is overwhelmed with within the workplace. The purpose of this article was to examine global unionism to advise South African (SA) Information and Communication Technology (ICT) sector labour unionism. It focuses on the recent trends of...

Author(s): Matebese Hlalele and Govender Cookie M. 

April 2022

Journal of Accounting and Taxation
Impact of transfer pricing on revenue generation and debt profile in Nigeria

Nigeria, a host to almost all the MNCs in the world, has continued to experience a significant loss in revenue through profit shifting techniques, which have increased public debt from N8.32 trillion in September 2013 to N36.3 trillion as at May 2021. The study aimed at examining the impact of transfer pricing on revenue generation and debt profile in Nigeria. Other objectives of this paper are to review the adequacy of...

Author(s): Ovie Ogidiaka, Eniola Samuel Agbi and Lateef Olumide Mustapha

April 2022

Journal of Accounting and Taxation
Tax collection gaps and overdue tax debts: Greece, 2000-2019

This paper deals with the process of accumulating overdue tax debts in Greece and brings out its main features. It focuses on the consistently high collection gap ratios that have led to the accumulation of tax arrears and, although the role of tax administration and debt stock management are acknowledged as crucial factors in reducing the collection gap and the stock of arrears respectively, it explores the role that...

Author(s): Nicholas Karavitis, Kosmas Paipetis and Maria Priniotaki

April 2022

Educational Research and Reviews
Contributions of cognitive theory to the problem of automatization of grammatical structures in teaching foreign language

Unlike traditional methods, the communicative approaches draw on implicit and incidental ways of learning and contextualised exercises of grammar which improve language performance in terms of fluency and communicative competence. However, the discursive plan implies the use of high-level units of knowledge and the automatization of low-level knowledge is not ensured. Although learners’ production achieves success...

Author(s): Canan Aydinbek

April 2022

Educational Research and Reviews
Entrepreneurial skills for business education graduates’ employability in Cross River State, Nigeria

This study examined the differences between the responses of federal and state universities on entrepreneurial skills required for business education graduates’ employability in Cross River State. Specifically, the study examined the difference between the responses of federal universities and state universities on planning skills, marketing skills and management skills on the business education graduates’...

Author(s): Akeke M. N. G., Oche P. E., Akuegwu B. A., and Ushie, P. U.

April 2022

African Journal of Biotechnology
Physiological performance of heat stressed growing rabbits fed diets supplemented with vitamin anti-oxidants and bicarbonate buffers

The aim of the study was to evaluate the physiological performance of heat stressed growing rabbits fed diets supplemented with vitamin anti-oxidants and bicarbonate buffers. A total of thirty (30) growing rabbits (New Zealand White crosses) of two months old were used in this study. There were six (6) rabbits per treatment in a Completely Randomized Design (CRD). The treatment groups consisted of: control, sodium...

Author(s): Anoh K. U., Ayuba D., Ozung P. O. and Udayi M. A.

April 2022

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Antibiotic susceptibility profile of bacteria isolated from fomites in some day care centres in Ile-Ife, Nigeria

This study was conducted by carrying out the isolation, identification and determination of the sensitivity profile to antibiotics in bacteria isolated from fomites in some day care centres in Ile-Ife, Osun State, Nigeria. A total of one hundred and twenty-four fomites were collected from selected seventeen day care centers within Ile-Ife. These were cultured on nutrient agar plates incubated at 37°C for 24 h using...

Author(s): Eunice Damilola Wilkie, Anthonia Olufunke Oluduro and Toyosi Teniola Sotala

April 2022

African Journal of Food Science
Food safety practices of cooked food hawkers in Tharaka Nithi County, Kenya

Hawking of cooked foods is an important economic activity, especially for low-income earners. However, the trade raises public health concerns particularly due to the likely breaches of food safety standards. Thus, this study investigated the food safety practices of hawkers of cooked foods in Tharaka Nithi County. A cross-sectional study design was used to collect data from 151 respondents using a questionnaire. The...

Author(s): Cornellius Musembi Muendo, Gideon Kikuvi and Susan Mambo

April 2022

African Journal of Biotechnology
Efficacy of Sudanese isolates of entomopathogenic fungi against the Khapra beetle Trogoderma granarium (Everts) (Coleoptera: Dermestidae)

The current study evaluated the bio-control activity of Sudanese isolates of entomopathogenic-fungi against 3rd larval instars of Khapra beetle (Trogoderma granarium) (Everts) in Sudan and morphologically and molecularly characterized the virulent isolates. Fungi were isolated using Galleria-baiting method and tested against the larvae using immersion-technique at concentration of 1×107 conidia ml-1. Commercial...

Author(s): Ahmed Mohammed Ali Hammad, Adam Abdelkareem Geddo Abdelkareem, Azhari Omer Abdelbagi, Abd Elaziz Sulieman Ahmed Ishag&, Mark Delmege Laing, Jang-Hyun Hur

April 2022

African Journal of Biotechnology
Metabolic engineering of Neurospora crassa for increasing carotenoids synthesis

Carotenoids are essential nutrient compounds with numerous biological functions. Neurospora crassa is a model filamentous fungus with orange pigmentation which is attributed to the accumulation of carotenoids containing neurosporaxanthin (NX) and neutral carotenoids (NC). To enhance carotenoids synthesis in N. crassa, isoprene diphosphate (IPP) and dimethylallyl diphosphate (DMAPP) were increased using the genes,...

Author(s): Sylvia E. Brown, Chun Lin, Zhengjie Liu, Hao Wen, Qin Cheng and Zichao Mao,

April 2022

Journal of Chemical Engineering and Materials Science
Assessment of the quality of hand dug well used for drinking and agricultural activities at Blama, Small-Bo Chiefdom, Eastern, Sierra Leone

This research investigates the microbial and physicochemical characteristics of five local hand dug wells used for drinking and agricultural activities in Blama, Small-Bo Chiefdom, in the Kenema District, Eastern Province of Sierra Leone. These five local hand-dug wells were randomly selected based on the availability of water in them throughout the year. The physical characteristics examined are: pH, turbidity,...

Author(s): Mohamed Junior Pujeh, Yahaya Kudush Kawa, Jonathan Kpaka and Umaru Kanneh  

April 2022

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology
Mothers’ opinion on local and orthodox management of children infected with Tinea capitis in Southern Nigeria

Tinea capitis  is a common infection among children in Nigeria and appropriate management will reduce its incidence among the pediatric population. The study assessed the opinions of mothers on the local and orthodox management of children infected with Tinea capitis. The study adopted a cross-sectional descriptive survey design and was conducted among 390 women in two states in Southern Nigeria. Pretested,...

Author(s): Lauretta Sonia Daramola, Adesola Adenike Ogunfowokan, Timothy Titilayo Famakinwa and Mathew Idowu Olatubi  

April 2022

Journal of Diabetes and Endocrinology
Obesity and elevated blood pressure among school-aged adolescents in Nigeria

Obesity is associated with diverse morbidities, and elevated blood pressure has been suggested to be associated with increased body weight. This study therefore aimed to determine the relationship between obesity and elevated blood pressure among adolescent. This is a cross-sectional study. Consenting adolescents aged 10 to 18 years completed a pretested semi-structured questionnaire. Anthropometric parameters and blood...

Author(s): Ibitoye Bayode Samuel, Abel Olumuyiwa Alonge, Abiodun John Kareem, Qasim Olakunle Salau, Tolulope Opeoluwa Jegede, Ifedayo Olabisi Fasoranti, Korede Olumide Oluwatuyi, Emmanuel Olasunkanmi Babalola and Toluwalope Ejiyooye  

April 2022

African Journal of Medical and Health Sciences
Utilisation of long-lasting-insecticide-treated nets among pregnant women and under-five children in selected sub-urban areas of Lusaka, Zambia

Malaria is endemic in Zambia and is more common among pregnant mothers and under-five-year-old children. Long lasting insecticide treated mosquito nets are effective against malaria among other measures. However, over the years, data has shown low utilisation of insecticide treated mosquito nets among pregnant women and children under-five. This study investigated the utilisation of long lasting insecticide treated...

Author(s): Mutinke Zulu, Kabwe Chitundu, Emmanuel Mwila Musenge, Mwaba Chileshe, Victoria Kalusopa, Natalia Mbewe, Martha Mbewe Mwelwa and Dorothy Chanda

April 2022

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Silicon on rice seed yield and quality

The study aimed to evaluate the yield components and physiological quality of rice seeds produced, obtained from coated seeds with rice rusk ash and kaolin®. Treatments consisted of coating rice seeds with two sources of silicon (silicate of aluminum-70% SiO2 (kaolin® and rice husk ash- 95% SiO2) at doses of 0; 30; 60; 90 and 120 g.100 kg-1 seed. Yield components were evaluated: Seed yield per plant, number of...

Author(s): Jucilayne Fernandes Vieira, Luis Henrique kozen, Henrique Lopes Chagas, Acácio Figueiredo Neto, Paloma Bispo Coelho, Lilian Vanussa Madruga de Tunes, Daniel Ândrei Robe Fonseca, Bruna Barreto dos Reis and Ana dos Santos Sunne  

April 2022

Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics
Analysis of institutional credit accessibility among small-holder poultry farmers in Rivers State, Nigeria

Agricultural finance is needed for sustainable agricultural production and improved farm income. The study analysed the accessibility of institutional credit among poultry farmers in Rivers State. Specifically, it described the socio-economic features of the farmers, identified the institutionally-based agricultural credit sources and credit amount requested by farmers. Data was analysed using descriptive statistics and...

Author(s): Zelda Anne Elum and Ugochi Obiajunwa  

April 2022

Journal of Horticulture and Forestry
Germination and conservation of the germinative power of Griffonia simplicifolia (DC.) Baill: African plant of therapeutic and fodder value

Griffonia simplicifolia is a Caesalpiniaceae legume that grows from Liberia to the Democratic Republic of Congo. The leaves are widely used in Togo for their nutritional value. On the other hand it is most known for the richness in 5-Hydroxy-L-tryptophan (L-5-HTP) of its seeds. Farmers collect significant amounts of fodder directly from Togo's forest formations, resulting in a scarcity of this species, which is...

Author(s): ETSE Kodjo Djidjolé, ADJALLAH Amouzou, JOHNSON Benziwa, QUASHIE Marie Luce A. and RADJI Raoufou  

April 2022

International Journal of Vocational and Technical Education
Impact of lecture attendance on academic performance of business education students in tertiary institutions: A case study of Federal Capital Territory College of Education Zuba-Abuja

This study was conducted to determine the impact of lecture attendance on academic performance of business education students in tertiary institutions with Federal Capital Territory College of Education Zuba-Abuja as a case study. The study was guided by two specific research objectives and null hypotheses. The study adopted a descriptive research design. The population of the study comprised of all the 80 students who...

Author(s): Henry Osimabale Auru and Sulayman Dauda Gidado

April 2022

Educational Research and Reviews
Students’ perceptions of the impact of guidance and counselling programs on academic needs satisfaction in secondary schools within the Rift Valley Region, Kenya

Guidance and counselling is increasingly becoming an important service in secondary schools in Kenya and the world at large. The needs of learners in secondary schools are constantly changing as the society is changing paving way for counselling services to be up scaled to address both academic and other issues. The purpose of this study is to investigate the views of students on the impact of guidance and counselling...

Author(s): Godfrey Ngeno

April 2022

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Prevalence of anemia and associated factors in HIV-1 infected children before and after initiation of antiretroviral therapy in Burkina Faso: A retrospective study

Anemia is a public health problem and has significant adverse health consequences in HIV-infected persons. In Burkina Faso, there are little data on anemia in HIV-1 infected children. This study aimed to describe the prevalence of anemia and its associated factors in HIV-infected children before and after their highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART). This was a retrospective study that involved a cohort of 151...

Author(s): Serge Theophile Soubeiga, Albert Theophane Yonli, Bapio Valerie Elvira Jean Telesphore Bazie, Henri Gautier Ouedraogo and Jacques Simpore,

April 2022

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Morphological and molecular characterisation of termite species in Taita Taveta County, Kenya

The diversity of termites remains obscure despite having seized the equatorial ecological community with numerous effects both environmental and solvent. In the current study, morphology and DNA based techniques were used to appraise the heterogeneity of termites in Taita Taveta County. Soldier termites were arbitrarily fragmented from the five main plant lives in the study region. A dissecting microscope was used to...

Author(s): Paulyne Akoth, Huxley M. Makonde, Nancy L. M. Budambula and Hamadi I. Boga

April 2022

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
The effectiveness of Moringa Oleifera seed coagulant in reducing the turbidity and modifying the physico-chemical characteristics of water

Moringa oleifera plant is unique due to its coagulation effect on turbid water. However, the extent to which the seed’s powder coagulant changes the physico-chemical characteristics of treated water has not been discussed in previous studies. In addition, there are limited data and information on the optimum concentration of M. oleifera seed powder coagulant and the nature of the sludge that forms after the...

Author(s): Johnson U. Kitheka, Imelda N. Njogu, Geoffrey M. Muluvi, Caro W. Hunja, Festus Mutiso, D. Kioko and Josphert Kimatu

April 2022

Journal of Dryland Agriculture
Factors influencing availability and conservation of green water for sustainable agricultural production and livelihoods in drylands of Kenya

Green water is the water that is used in biomass production, and if well conserved this water can boost agricultural production. Drylands experience erratic rainfalls, poor soils and high rates of evapotranspiration. This situation has been made worse by climate variability as drylands are very sensitive to climate change due to their delicate nature. The effect of climate change in ASALs has resulted in poor...

Author(s): Anne Munyasiri Simiyu, Charles Maina Gichaba, Dorothy Akinyi Amwata and Alfred Opere  

April 2022

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
Potential of biochar for clean-up of heavy metal contaminated soil and water

Heavy metals exist in the environment naturally aside those due to anthropogenic impact. These metals are removed from effluents and water using different techniques like adsorption, oxidation/reduction, chemical precipitation, membrane separation, filtration and ion exchange. Biosorption is very effective because it is highly renewed naturally, is cheap, and can remove metals greatly because the pollutant can be...

Author(s): Yvonne Adaobi Onmonya, Sadiq Galadima Adamu and Maryam Sadiq

April 2022

International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation
Diversity of lichens at Mount Cameroon, South West Region, Cameroon

Concern about maintaining the biodiversity of lichen communities’ species has been an issue with lichenologists for many years. Many of the understudied regions face increasing threats from urban development, pollution, and potentially climate change, among other factors. The objective of this study was to examine the diversity of lichens on Mt. Cameroon. To achieve this objective, eight collection sites were...

Author(s): Orock A. E. and Fonge B. A.

April 2022

African Journal of Biotechnology
Optimization of PCR protocol for ISSR marker based genetic diversity assessment of acid lime [Citrus aurantifolia (Christm.) Swingle] germplasm in Eastern Nepal

Acid lime [Citrus aurantifolia (Christm.) Swingle] is a valuable commercial fruit crop grown in Nepal's Terai to high hills which has high economic, cultural and medicinal importance. Due to low quality planting materials and poor orchard management, production and productivity of acid lime are extremely low in Nepal. The present study aimed at optimization of Inter-Simple Sequence Repeat (ISSR)-polymerase chain...

Author(s): Nabin Narayan Munankarmi, Neesha Rana, Tribikram Bhattarai, Ram Lal Shrestha, Sujan Chaudhary and Sangita Shrestha

April 2022

UNIZIK Journal of Educational Research and Policy Studies
Distance learning (e-learning) in Obafemi Awolowo University during Covid-19 pandemic school lock-down in Nigeria: The prospects and challenges

The advent of Covid-19 pandemic compelled the Nigerian education system, especially the university system that relied mostly on face-to-face instruction method, to migrate to distance learning through e-learning method. In order to mitigate the effects of the pandemic, the educational sector appears to be leaning toward e-learning globally. However, the adoption of this method in Obafemi Awolowo University (OAU) during...

Author(s): Ayotunde David Odewale, John Monday Etebom and Jonhson Oladimeji Edema  

April 2022

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Isolation, biochemical characterization and safety screening of potential probiotic lactic acid bacteria from spontaneously fermented cereal products from Western Kenya

The global demand for non-dairy beverages has sky rocketed especially so during this Covid-19 pandemic for potential health benefits. Development of probiotic strains from fermented cereal and legumes with the ability to grow well and adapt to gastrointestinal conditions at the same time possess high therapeutic ability will be a great achievement. This study aimed at isolating and screening probiotic potential Lactic...

Author(s): Beatrice Aleyo Akweya, Joseph Mwafaida Mghalu, Rahma Udu M. Yusuf and Tochi Bitange

April 2022

African Journal of Plant Science
Combining ability and gene action for bacterial wilt disease resistance in wild tomato (Solanum pimpinellifolium) and cultivated tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) genotypes

Bacterial wilt caused by Ralstonia solanacearum is one of the most destructive and widespread diseases of tomato in Kenya. The objective of this study was to determine the combining ability effects and gene action conditioning bacterial wilt disease resistance in tomato. Eight parents were crossed in North Carolina II mating design scheme to produce sixteen F1 hybrids. The F1 hybrids and the parental genotypes were...

Author(s): Faith Wangui Mathai, Pascal P. Okwiri Ojwang and Robert Morwani Gesimba

April 2022

International Journal of Water Resources and Environmental Engineering
Historical and projected meteorological droughts in the Beninese Niger River Basin, Benin

Droughts are part of extreme meteorological phenomena that generate serious social, economic and environmental consequences. This study seeks to characterize the historical (1976-2019) and projected (2021-2050) meteorological drought in the Niger River Basin in Benin. To achieve this, the present study used daily rainfall observations and simulations of two regional climate models (RCM) (HIRHAM and REMO) from fifteen...

Author(s): Adechina Eric Alamou, Halissou Yarou, Aliou Moussa Djibril, Obada Ezechiel, Iboukoun Eliézer Biao and Félicien Djigbo Badou

April 2022

Journal of African Studies and Development
African diaspora experience of transnationalism, social networks and identity: The case of Zimbabwean social workers in the United Kingdom

This paper examines transnationalism, social networks and identity as part of the experiences of the African Diaspora, in particular, Zimbabwean social workers in the UK. The above terms are closely associated with increasing international skilled migration from Africa in the global south, to the global North where there are better employment opportunities. This paper defines transnationalism, social networks, identity,...

Author(s): Chogugudza Crisford (Ph.D.)

April 2022

International Journal of English and Literature
Ian McEwan's Solar and Helon Habila's Oil on Water: A comparative ecocritical study

This study juxtaposes Ian McEwan’s Solar and Helon Habila’s Oil on Water to illustrate their areas of convergence and divergence concerning their portrayal of ecological discourse. Attention is paid, to how McEwan and Habila deploy characterisation (particularly of the main characters and female     characters) to bring to the fore the overwhelming influence of socio-political and...

Author(s): Abiodun Oluwasola Fakemi

April 2022

International Journal of Sociology and Anthropology
Early marriages and parental influence: An evidence from Momba District in Tanzania

This study aims to find how parents influence early marriage among girls in Momba District. Households’ socio-economic characteristics were explored as factors influencing parents to marry off their daughters early. Cross-sectional design was adopted in the collection of data from 120 respondents in Momba District. Multiple regressions were used to analyze the data. Results showed that age, occupation, and...

Author(s): James Anthony Nyangas and Tabia Aswile

April 2022

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Evaluation of medium maturity group of soybean (Glycine max L. Merr) for agronomic performance and adaptation in Sudanian zone of Burkina Faso

Soybean is an economically important crop that provides oil and high-quality protein. In Burkina Faso, soybean is one of the promising crops identified in the framework of the strategy for the development of agricultural sectors. However, very few improved varieties have been developed. The identification of newly improved varieties with high agronomic potential and adapted to the climatic conditions will strengthen...

Author(s): Ibié Gilles Thio, Nofou Ouédraogo, Inoussa Drabo, Frank Essem, Fidèle Bawomon Neya, Pierre Alexandre Eric Djifaby Sombié, Fabrice Wendyam Nikiema, Oumar Boro, Bouma Thio, James Bouma Néya, Bertin M&#;bi Zagré, Mahamadou Sawadogo and Paco Sérémé

April 2022

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Biological control using essential oil of Ocimum gratissimum and four other biopesticides on Formicococcus njalensis, the most active mealybugs species in the transmission of CSSV (Cocoa swollen shoot virus)

A laboratory investigation was conducted to evaluate the use of Ocimum gratissimum essential oil to control the development of Formicococcus njalensis, the main vector of Cocoa Swollen shoot virus (CSSV) in West Africa. Commercial biopesticides (Squad, Agriphy, Mycotal and Banole), the essential oil of O. gratissimum obtained by hydrodistillation were compared at the concentration of 0, 1000, 2000 and 3000 µl.l-1...

Author(s): Bolou Bi Bolou Antoine, Kouakou Koffié, Diby Lucien, Belé Luc, Bené Yeboi and Kouamé Christophe

April 2022

African Journal of Biotechnology
Molecular characterization of Escherichia co-resistance genes from chicken meat

Escherichia coli multi-resistance to a variety of antimicrobials is a result of gene mutation on plasmids, integrons and transposons. The aims of this work were to: (1) detect genotype and phenotype antibiotic resistance genes in E. coli, and (2) determine whole-genome sequencing to discover E. coli gene multi-drug resistance in chicken meat. Samples were gathered, processed, and analysed bacteriologically; thereafter...

Author(s): Nagwa Thabet Elsharawy, Hind A. A. Al-Zahrani and Amr A. El-Waseif

April 2022

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Assessment of aflatoxin awareness in The Gambia

Aflatoxins belong to a category of mycotoxins that have impacted mankind since the beginning of organized cultivation. This toxin is produced by certain molds in food and feeds and results to adverse health effects to both humans and animals, as well as economic barriers to farmers and countries. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate the current level of aflatoxin awareness and knowledge of its contamination,...

Author(s): Ebrima A. A. Jallow, , Lamin B. Sonko Dumevi Rexford Mawunyo and Jalil Yusufu  

April 2022

International Journal of Nursing and Midwifery
Perception of clinical nurses in a Nigerian tertiary hospital towards continuing professional development programs

Continuing professional development program has become a vital tool to update the knowledge, skills and competence of health professionals worldwide. Nursing in Nigeria under the Nursing and Midwifery Council of Nigeria (NMCN) joined the clique and commenced Mandatory Continuing Professional Development Programme (MCPDP) about a decade ago. This study was set to elicit the perception of clinical nurses in Obafemi...

Author(s): Timothy Olatunji Oladosu, Aderonke Bosede Awoseemo, Aduragbemi Timothy OLAWUMI, Janet Oluseun Oladosu and Abigeal Omotolani Odesiji  

April 2022

Journal of Soil Science and Environmental Management
Nutrient uptake and use efficiencies of strip intercropped cassava, maize and pepper as affected by fertilizer type and age of oil palm fields in an oil palm-based intercropping system

Field trials were conducted to examine the responses of Cassava, Maize and Pepper to fertilizers   in the alleys of 3, 4 and 6 years oil palm fields. Fertilizers: NPK (1.44 kg/plot), Ferti Plus (9.68 kg/plot) and poultry manure (6.17 kg/plot) were applied two weeks after planting. Results showed that fertilizers significantly influenced N uptake and some indicators of N use efficiencies measured. NPK enhanced...

Author(s): Obi E. A., Agele S. O., Aiyelari O. P. , Adejoro S. A. and Agbona A. I.  

Page 3 of 1241, showing 50 records out of 62009 total, starting on record 101, ending on 150