Articles

 

Articles

Page 3 of 1169, showing 50 records out of 58450 total, starting on record 101, ending on 150

September 2019

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology
Knowledge and practice of essential newborn care among postnatal mothers in Addis Ababa City Health Centers, Ethiopia

Essential newborn care is a wide-ranging approach planned to improve the health of newborn through interventions after pregnancy. In Ethiopia, about 120,000 newborns die every year in the first weeks of life which accounts for 42% of all deaths of under-five mortality. Therefore, this study aimed to assess the knowledge and practice of essential newborn care practices among mothers in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. A...

Author(s): Workinesh Daba, Tsion Alemu, Mulugeta Shegaze Shimbre and Behailu Tsegaye

September 2019

International Journal of Physical Sciences
The magnetic moment of elementary particles is studied by space vector and space curvature

This paper reaffirms the basic agreement of the material space theory: (1) Space is a physical existence; (2) "Force" is the action to space, and "force" is equal to the reciprocal value of "time"; in the absence of special description, "force" is the reciprocal of time; (3) There is a steady velocity field in three-dimensional space, whose intensity is the speed of light C; (4)...

Author(s): Haitao Gao

September 2019

Journal of Media and Communication Studies
Facebook use among Nigerians in Houston Texas USA

Social Media came into our world in the 21st century and changed the way things are done, knitting itself into the fabric of everyday living. It has opened the world in ways that was unimagined in previous decades, connecting people through time and space. Being one of the largest immigrant groups in Houston Texas, this study investigates how Nigerians have embraced the new medium as Diasporas. Two Hundred Nigerians...

Author(s): Agnes Agbo Monjok, Christian Chinwe Ulasi and Eui Bun Lee

September 2019

International Journal of Nursing and Midwifery
Knowledge and practice of healthy nutrition among pregnant women attending antenatal clinic at selected private hospitals in Benin City

The health of a pregnant mother and her nutritional status can influence the health and survival of the growing foetus because of the biological link between her and her child. This study was conducted to assess the knowledge and practice of healthy nutrition among pregnant women attending selected private hospital, Benin City. Descriptive cross-sectional research design was used for the study. Two hundred and twenty...

Author(s): Ehwarieme A. Timothy, Amiegheme E. Felicia and Enosekhafoh B.  

September 2019

International Journal of Livestock Production
Effect of supplementing Tsara (Pterocarpus lucens), pigeon pea (Cajanes cajan) leaves and concentrate mixture on carcass characteristics of Begait sheep fed hay as a basal diet

The study was conducted with the objective of determining the carcass characteristics of Begait sheep fed hay basal diet and supplemented with different levels of Tsara (Pterocarpus lucens) leaves, pigeon pea (Cajanus cajan) leaves and concentrate mixture on iso-nitrogenous basis to supply 66.60 g/day crude protein on dry matter (DM) basis. Twenty five yearling male Begait sheep with initial body weight (BW) of...

Author(s): Abraham T. Haymanot, Getachew Animut and Yaynishet Tesfay  

September 2019

Journal of Ecology and The Natural Environment
Determinants of pastoral communities for adoption of forage production technology in Yabello rangeland, Southern Ethiopia

Nowadays, adoption of forage enhancement technology is considered a primary action plan for enhanced livestock production through increasing forage production among pastoralist communities in the rangeland of Yabello. In addition, a number of factors help in determining adoption of these practices that varies with different socio-demographical issues within the pastoral household. This study focused on identifying major...

Author(s): Yeneayehu Fenetahun, XU-Xinwen and Wang Yong-dong  

September 2019

Educational Research and Reviews
Analysis of the relation between creativity level and problem solving skills of gifted and talented students

The aim of this study is to analyze the relationship between intellect and creativity level of students with gifted, and to understand the relationship between their creativity level and creative problem solving skills. The target group of this study consists of a total of 20 primary school students between the ages 7 and 10; it is determined by the counseling and research center that the students involved in the study...

Author(s): Hasret Nuhoğlu and Savaş Akgül  

September 2019

Educational Research and Reviews
Educational system and media content in the Republic of South Africa

In this study, the education system of the Republic of South Africa was explored. The study focused on the successes as well as problems faced by the educational system. The research questions focused on the quality of education in the country. It also explored the problems faced by students as they try to gain access to schooling at all levels of the education system. Qualitative methods were used to collect data for...

Author(s): Ulker Mehmet  

September 2019

Educational Research and Reviews
The relationship between self-sabotage and organizational climate of schools

This study aimed to determine the relationship between self-sabotage behaviours of school administrators and teachers and their perceptions of organizational climate in schools. In the present study, ‘correlational screening model’ which is a quantitative research method was used. A sample consisting of 1204 teachers and 166 administrators working in 74 Turkish schools was selected through stratified cluster...

Author(s): Gülsüm SERTEL and Zeynep Meral TANRIÖĞEN

September 2019

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Prevalence of intestinal schistosomiasis infections among school children in Danane, Western Côte D’Ivoire

Intestinal schistosomiasis is very common in children and cause significant morbidity. Danané is located in the west of the Côte d’Ivoire which is an area where intestinal schistosomiasis transmission is established. The Ministry of Health of Côte d'Ivoire which have acceded to the global goal of eliminating these diseases as a public health problem, has adopted a five year strategic plan in...

Author(s): Pulchérie Christiane Marie Kiki-Barro, Abibatou Konaté, Kondo Fulgence Kassi, Kpongbo Etienne Angora, Henriette Vanga-Bosson, Vincent Djohan, Akoua Valérie Bédia-Tanoh, Assohoun Jean Sebastien Miézan, William Yavo and Eby Ignace Hervé Menan,  

September 2019

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Construction of a genetically engineered strain of nattokinase and assessment of its fibrinolytic activity

A strain of Bacillus natto was isolated from natto and found to have a high yield of nattokinase. The aprN and pro-aprN gene fragments, encoding nattokinase from Bacillus natto, were amplified using two pair of primers and were expressed in Bacillus subtilis WB800N host cells using the pHT43 plasmid as a vector. In this system, the effect of leader peptides on nattokinase activity, revealing that these leader peptides...

Author(s): Li Tian, Wenke Zhou and Youhong Zhang  

September 2019

African Journal of Business Management
Alcohol consumption and conflicts in developing countries: A qualitative and a quantitative research concerning Christian consumers in Burkina Faso

The interest of researchers on consumption and conflicts is explained by the fact that consumption behavior leads to conflicts. Most of the studies on the topic are done in other contexts, and little research on the subject has been conducted in the context of Burkina Faso. This research aims to explore the concepts of alcohol consumption and conflicts in Burkina Faso, and underline the role of culture in management....

Author(s): Théophile Bindeouè Nassè  

September 2019

African Journal of Business Management
Determinant factors of consumers’ bank selection decision in Sudan

The purpose of this study is to identify the key determinant of the bank selection decision by Sudanese banks’ customers. The motivation for this paper is the lack of research that empirically studied bank selection criteria that influence customers' selection decisions on banking services in Sudan. Data were collected using self-administered questionnaires to a sample of 253 of Banks customers in Khartoum...

Author(s): Mansour Ilham Hassan Fathelrahman  

September 2019

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Evaluation of inactivated vaccine against fowl cholera developed from local isolates of Pasteurella multocida in Ethiopia

Fowl cholera caused by Pasteurella multocida is among the serious infectious diseases of poultry in Ethiopia. This study was conducted to develop a vaccine from local strains of P. multocida and evaluate its performance. Inactivated vaccine was prepared following the OIE standards in three adjuvant formulations (oil, alum and gel). The performance of the different formulations was evaluated at different dose rates (0.5...

Author(s): Wubet W., Bitew M., Mamo G., Gelaye E., Tesfaw L., Sori H., Zewdie T. and Abayneh T.

September 2019

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Assessing yield stability and adaptability of Andean common bean genotypes in the semi-arid environment of Botswana

Common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) is a vital source of nutrients worldwide. It is one of the most consumed grain legume in Botswana. Fourteen Andean common bean genotypes were evaluated in four environments (two seasons and two diverse agro-ecologies) to determine the effect of genotype and environment interaction and yield stability. The genotypes were grown in a randomized complete block design with three...

Author(s): Odireleng O. Molosiwa, Joseph Pharudi, Seipati Seketeme, Patrick Mashiqa and Rowland Chirwa  

September 2019

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Heritability of reversion from Sweet potato feathery mottle virus infection in sweetpotato

Sweet potato feathery mottle virus (SPFMV) causes 50% yield losses in sweetpotato (Ipomoea batatas). However, some cultivars have been observed to become SPFMV free following initial infection, a phenomenon termed reversion. The heritability of reversion from virus infections in sweetpotato remains unclear. This study is aimed at determining heritability of reversion from SPFMV in progeny of crossed reverting and...

Author(s): Alexander Ssamula, Geofrey Ogwal, Anthony Okiror, Brasio Settumba Mukasa and Peter Wasswa  

September 2019

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Yield prediction under associated millet and cowpea crops in the Sahelian zone

Dekads in the prediction of yields under associated millet and cowpea crops were studied in three localities located in the Sahelian zone. Multiple linear regressions was applied to create predictive models based on variables extracted from the decadal Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) image series from the SPOT VEGETATION satellite, the GeoWRSI tool, and the recorded ground rainfall. The earliest forecast...

Author(s): Yahaya Mounkaila,  Issa Garba and Baragé Moussa  

September 2019

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Vegetative and enzymatic analysis of the initial stages of Coffea arabica L. grown from seeds treated with humic substances

Arabica coffee is a perennial crop usually propagated by seeds, which must be healthy and able to form normal plants. The objective of this study was to analyze the vegetative and enzymatic reactions in the initial stages of Arabica coffee seedlings treated with different humic substances and at different concentrations. A germination test was conducted with Arabica coffee seeds of the Topazio MG 1190 cultivar using...

Author(s): Hariana Paula Alves de Azevedo, Alex Mendonça de Carvalho, Mariana Thereza Rodrigues Viana, Carlos Alberto Silva, Heloisa Oliveira dos Santos and Joyce Doria Rodrigues  

September 2019

International Journal of Livestock Production
Feed intake, digestibility and growth performance of Begait sheep fed hay basal diet and supplemented with Tsara (Pterocarpus lucens), Pigeon pea (Cajanus cajan) leaves and concentrate mixture

The study was conducted with the objective of measuring feed intake, digestibility, and growth performance of Begait sheep fed hay basal diet and supplemented with different levels of Tsara (Pterocarpus lucens) leaves, Pigeon pea (Cajanus cajan) leaves and concentrate mixture on iso-nitrogenous basis to supply 66.60 g/day crude protein (CP) on dry matter (DM) basis. Twenty five yearling male Begait sheep with initial...

Author(s): Abraham Teklehaymanot  

September 2019

Journal of Cereals and Oilseeds
Evaluation of diallel crosses of maize at multilocation (Zea mays L.) for saline tolerance

A diallel cross was produced using diverse maize (Zea mays L.) germplasm of saline tolerant and saline susceptible maize lines as parents. Agronomic performance of the offspring of the diallel cross was examined. Eight germplasm lines bearing diversified agronomic traits of five known tolerant and susceptible lines were involved as parents of the diallel cross that was evaluated at three different ecological areas viz....

Author(s): Md. Motiar Rohman, Mohammad Golam Hossain, Sumaiya Haque Omy, Nusrat Jahan Methela and Md. Rezwan Molla      

September 2019

African Journal of Biotechnology
Phenotypic characterization of selected Kenyan Khat (Catha edulis) cultivars based on morphological traits

Khat (Catha edulis Vahl) is an evergreen shrub habitually ingested for its euphoric and stimulatory effects. The crop is grown in the Middle East, Somalia, East Africa and Ethiopia. It is referred to as Miraa in Kenya, while in Yemen it has several names like Qat, Kat, Kath, Gat, Chat and Tschat. It belongs to the sub-order Rosidae, family Celastraceae and characterized by astringent taste. Despite the daily use and...

Author(s): Loise N. Ngari, Shadrack N. Njagi, James K. Kamau, Rose C. Lagat, Amos M. Musyoki, Beryl O. Akoth, Festus Kioko, Zedekiah-A Okwany and Mathew P. Ngugi  

September 2019

African Journal of Biotechnology
Potential of Opuntia stricta Haw (Mexican elephant ear) in removing cyanobacteria in surface water

In this study, assays were carried out to evaluate the efficiency of cactus Opuntia stricta cladodes as a coagulant for removal of cyanobacteria cells. To carry out the coagulation assays, water from eutrophic reservoir Bodocongó, in Brazilian semiarid, with cyanobacteria bloom of Microcystis aeroginosa, Plankthotrix isothrix and Cylindrospermopsis raciborskii were sampled. This water was submitted to coagulation...

Author(s): Janiele F. Nery, Gleydson K. M. Nery, Adriana G. Magalhães and Salomão S. Medeiros  

September 2019

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Molecular characterization of Acinetobacter baumannii from patients with prolonged hospital stays in three tertiary hospitals of Kano Metropolis, Northwestern Nigeria

Acinetobacter baumannii is one of the most important opportunistic bacterial pathogens that cause serious health care associated complications in hospitalized patients. This leads to prolong hospital stay which increase cost to both healthcare provider and family of the patients. The study aimed at molecular characterisation of A. baumannii from patients with prolonged hospital stays in three tertiary hospitals of Kano...

Author(s): Alkali Bashir, Adamu Almustapha Aliero, Abdurrazak Muhammad Idris, Hamisu Umar Takalmawa, Sarkinfada Faruk, and Agwu Ezera,

September 2019

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Region of acquisition of urinary tract infection (UTI) may be an important parameter while treating UTI cases

The study recently published on urinary tract infection (UTI) cases at Najran University Hospital, Najran region of Saudi Arabia (Alshabi et al., 2019), though small, only on 19 cases, have been concluded beautifully, “regional clinical data regarding the prevalence and efficacy of antibiotics should be taken into consideration along with the treatment guidelines”. The authors reported a study on only 19...

Author(s): Bhoj Raj Singh  

September 2019

African Journal of Food Science
Chemical compositions of the essential oils of Plukenetia conophora leaves

Plukenetia conophora fresh leaves were obtained from a farm in the Surulere Local Government Area of Oyo State, Nigeria. The plant is a climber which normally found support in kola nut or cocoa tree. Standard method was used for the extraction of the oil. The oil was analyzed using gas chromatographic and gas chromatography coupled with mass spectrometric methods. Fifteen compounds were identified in the leaves. The...

Author(s): Akintola A. O., Ibikunle G. J., Odeniyi M. A., Faboya O. O. P., Onawumi O. O. E and Ayoola P. B  

September 2019

Scientific Research and Essays
Structural plasticity and species distribution in a peri-urban mangrove of Southeastern Brazil

The goal of this study was to evaluate the structural plasticity and distribution of mangrove species in the Estuarine System of Greater Vitória (ESGV). Four areas distributed along the estuary were analyzed. Fringe and basin forests were sampled in each station. Concomitantly to the forest sampling, interstitial salinity was measured in the field, and sediment was collected for analysis of organic matter (OM)...

Author(s): Sávia Soares Pascoalini, Mônica Maria Pereira Tognella, Karen Otoni de Oliveira Lima and Antelmo Ralph Falquetto

September 2019

Educational Research and Reviews
The opinions of participants’ about Grundtvig workshops on history and culture

Grundtvig programme are activities aimed at providing adults with ways to improve their knowledge and skills. This study examined the opinions of adults who participated in four workshops on history and culture organized throughout Europe between 2009 and 2014 under the Grundtvig Adult Education Programme and Lifelong Learning Programme of the EU. The aim of the study was to analyze the opinions of adults from different...

Author(s): Ayşegül Nihan Erol Şahin  

September 2019

Journal of Stored Products and Postharvest Research
Evaluation of morphometric and physiological seed quality traits of improved cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L. Walp) varieties in Sierra Leone

A study was conducted at the Seed Laboratory of the Njala Agricultural Research Centre (NARC) to evaluate the seed quality traits of five cowpea genotypes at room temperature (25 ± 2°C). The five genotypes studied were Slipeas 1, 2, 4 and 5 and local Tabe. The trial was laid out in a Completely Randomized Design (CRD) in four replicates. The results indicated that the local variety (Tabe) had the highest...

Author(s): Ernest G. Kamara, Saidu D. Mansaray, Milton K. Kabbia, Moses T. Moseray and Jigba M. Jabbie

September 2019

Journal of Soil Science and Environmental Management
Impacts of soil and water conservation on crop yield, soil properties, water resources, and carbon sequestration: A review

This paper reviews the impact of soil and water conservation (SWC) measures on crop yield, soil properties, water resources and carbon sequestration. Land degradation due to soil erosion in Ethiopia is too severe which affects the livelihood of a community and ecosystem functions. The dry and highland part of the country was identified as seriously vulnerable to land degradation because of soil erosion. And, soil...

Author(s): Abebe Bezu and Ketema Tezera  

September 2019

Journal of Soil Science and Environmental Management
Soil characterization and evaluation of blended (YaraMila cereal) fertilizer for bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) production at Aleltu areas in North Shewa Zone of Oromia region

The main objective of the study was to characterize the soils on the basis of selected soil physicochemical properties and to evaluate the effects of blended fertilizer (YaraMila cereal) applications on yield and yield components of bread wheat on the major soil types in the study area. The field experiment involved 5 treatments (control, three rates of blended fertilizer and recommended nitrogen and phosphorus...

Author(s): Serkalem Tamiru and Sosena Amsalu  

September 2019

Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics
Impact of soil and water conservation technology adoption on smallholder farms in South-Western Uganda

For countries where the agricultural sector supports a majority of the population as in Uganda, the link between poverty and land degradation is of great significance. Soil and water conservation technologies are a recommended means of reducing degradation rates. However, ex-ante and ex-post analyses of the impact of these technologies remain few. Using survey data collected from 338 randomly selected households in the...

Author(s): Alice Turinawe  

September 2019

Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health Sciences
Effect of lead on the activity of antioxidant enzymes and male reproductive hormones

Environmental exposure to heavy metals such as lead is detrimental to male reproductive system. Lead induced oxidative stress is believed to contribute immensely to male infertility. The study was designed to investigate the influence of environmental lead exposure on the activities of antioxidant enzymes and male reproductive hormones levels in male individuals of Bagega and Kawaye villages of Anka Local Government...

Author(s): S. Rabiu, M. G. Abubakar, D. M. Sahabi and M. A. Makusidi  

September 2019

Journal of Engineering and Computer Innovations
Notice of Retraction: RodentSQL: A software suite for colony management of animal protocols

The editors of the Journal of Engineering and Computer Innovations (JECI) are retracting the article, “RodentSQL: A software suite for colony management of animal protocols” published in 2018 (Vol. 5(1), pp. 1-5, August 2018). This is informed by the authors’ requests due to funding issues.      

Author(s): Shrikant Pawar and Harshul Batra

August 2019

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
A view of road transport in Africa

Transport sector is usually divided into four main modes: road, air, maritime and rail modes. In sub-Sahara Africa, road appears as the dominant mode. Railways were developed during the colonial period but almost abandoned since the independence in most countries. Air transport once seen as sign of economic prosperity and instrument of sovereignty is far from being competitive. Maritime transport is mainly on coastal...

Author(s): B. F. Tchanche  

August 2019

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
Assessment of radiological risk from the soils of artisanal mining areas of Anka, North West Nigeria

Assessment of radiological risk was carried out on twenty soil samples collected from agricultural, mining and mine processing areas in Anka, Zamfara State, North Western Nigeria. The measurement of activity concentration of 226Ra, 232Th and 40K was performed using the gamma-ray spectrometer equipped with a high purity germanium detector. The values of the activity concentration of 226Ra ranged from 24.69±4.26 to...

Author(s): Mbet Amos Akpanowo, Ibrahim Umaru and Shekwonyadu Iyakwari  

August 2019

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
Exergy consumption analysis of the transportation sector of Senegal

Exergy analysis has become widely recognized and adopted as a powerful tool for physical and engineering systems analysis. In this paper, it was applied to transportation modes. Transport is second after the residential sector in Senegal when it comes to energy consumption and relies on imported fossil fuels. In 2013, it consumed around 32 PJ which represented 30% of total energy consumed in the country. Exergy use...

Author(s): B. F. Tchanche

August 2019

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
Effect of seed pre-treatment and its duration on germination of Detarium microcarpum (Guill. and Perr.)

Detarium microcarpum Guill and Perr is a multipurpose tree species indigenous to semi-arid regions of Sub-Saharan Africa.  It is being exploited to local extinction due to high dependence for fuelwood and other uses. The present study explored different pre-treatment methods for enhancing seed germination and growth of D. microcarpum in the Guinea savanna zone of Ghana.  The experiment employed a 4 × 4...

Author(s): Bernard Nuoleyeng Baatuuwie, Latif Iddrisu Nasare, Adnan Smaila, Hamza Issifu and William Jasper Asante

August 2019

African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
Antioxidant and cicatrizing activity of the species Abarema cochliacarpos (Gomes) Barneby & J. W. Grimes

In equine clinics, skin injuries are some of the most frequently treated injuries, this research evaluated the healing potential and antioxidant activity of Abarema cochliacarpos in order to develop a pharmaceutical formulation for treating skin lesions in horses. Firstly, the antioxidant activity of several fractions was evaluated using the 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl radical method and the thiobarbituric acid test....

Author(s): Saskya Araújo Fonseca, J. R. M. Costa, N. R. S. Gomes, Amanda Lima Cunha, João Gomes da Costa, Thiago José Matos-Rocha, Karwhory Wallas Lins da Silva, Paulo Henrique Barcellos França, Francisco Feliciano da Silva Júnior, Antônio Euzébio Goulart Sant’Ana and Aldenir Feitosa dos Santos,  

August 2019

African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
Acute toxicity evaluation of ethanolic extract of the air parts of Sida rhombifolia L., in wistar rats

Sida rhombifolia L., popularly known in Brazil as "SIDA" or "mata-pasto", is considered a weed; a plant of the American continent and widely distributed in North Africa, belongs to the Malvaceae family. In Brazil, S. rhombifolia L. is scattered throughout the national territory, infesting agricultural crops. Certain species of the genus Sida, including S. rhombifolia, are widely used in Indian,...

Author(s): Luciana da Silva Nunes Ramalho, Gabriela Tafaela Dias, Edla Julinda Ribeiro Coutinho Espinola Guedes, Micaelly da Silva Oliveira, Andressa Brito Lira, Kardilândia Mendes de Oliveira, Otemberg Souza Chaves, Josué do Amaral Ramalho, Alexandre Rolim da Paz , Janine Agra Padilha, Hilzeth de Luna Freire Pessoa, Maria de Fátima Vanderlei de Souza, Caliandra Maria Bezerra Luna Lima and Margareth de Fátima Formiga Melo Diniz  

August 2019

African Journal of Plant Science
Correlation and path analysis of yield, yield contributing and malt quality traits of Ethiopian sorghum (Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench) genotypes

Sorghum is a drought tolerant C4 tropical crop with wide diversity grown for food, feed and beverages. There is a growing demand for food and malt type sorghum varieties due to the low supply of mat barley, and climate resilient and gluten free nature of the crop. This study was initiated to estimate the associations among traits and the relative importance of traits in influencing grain yield and malting quality of...

Author(s): Gobezayohu Haftu Mengesha, Firew Mekbib Hailemariam, Taye Tadesse Mindaye, Berhane Lakew and Ramesh Pal Singh Verma

August 2019

African Journal of Plant Science
Evaluation of sowing date and fertilization with nitrogen in maize cultivars in rainy conditions in Zambia

A study was conducted at the Zambia Agriculture Research Institute (ZARI), Central Research Station, Mount Makulu (latitude: 15.550° S, longitude: 28.250° E, altitude: 1213 m), Zambia to investigate the effects of sowing date (SD), maize (Zea mays L.) cultivars and 3 N fertilizer rates on yield and yield components. Maize cultivars were planted on 12th December, 2016 (SD1), 26th December, 2016 (SD2) and 9th...

Author(s): Charles Bwalya Chisanga, Elijah Phiri and Vernon R. N. Chinene

August 2019

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Determination of the genus Meloidogyne species and study of their impact on the market gardening in the area of Bamako, Mali

The development of market gardening is faced with many problems among which there are the nematodes of the genus Meloidogyne. The aim of this study is twofold: (a) determining the Meloidogyne species that are crowned by the perineal plates of female and (b) studying the impact of the multiplication of these nematodes on the tomato cv Roma (Lycopersicon esculentum L). Root samples were collected at five sites around...

Author(s): Boubacar K. Touré, Mohamed S. Maïga, Doulaye Dembélé and Hammache Miloud  

August 2019

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Genetic diversity of cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz) varieties grown in Daloa district in Central-Western Côte d'Ivoire

Cassava is an important staple food in Côte d'Ivoire produced in several areas including the Daloa district in Central-Western Region. However, this plant experiences biotic and abiotic constraints that strongly limit its productivity. Proper knowledge of genetic diversity is important to mitigate these constraints and select resistant and well adapted genotypes to increase the productivity. This study...

Author(s): Flora Yao, Mathurin Koffi, Innocent Abe, Bernardin Ahouty, Siriki Simaro, Ibrahim Konaté, Barkissa Traore, Edwige Sokouri, Martial N’Djetchi, Thomas Konan  and Tidou A. Sanogo  

August 2019

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Parent-offspring regression, correlation and genetic advance of drought and yield traits at early generation in groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.)

A study was carried out to estimate the parent-offspring regression and correlation and, to determine genetic advance of yield and drought related traits of groundnut at early segregating populations. All the experiments were conducted in the dry season 2015/2016 at the International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics ICRISAT Samanko, Mali under full irrigation and drought stress conditions. The data...

Author(s): Ousmane Sanogo, Pangirayi B. Tongoona, Kwadwo Ofori, Samuel K. Offei and Haile Desmae  

August 2019

African Journal of Food Science
Moisture-dependent physical properties of Opeaburoo and Abontem maize varieties during drying

This study specifically seeks to find out the changes in moisture content (MC) on two maize varieties (Opeaburoo and Abontem) in relation to designated physical attributes during drying. Four designated MC within a range of 22.3 to 12.8% wb for Opeaburoo and 21.5 to 12.3% wb for Abontem were used. The mean length, width and thickness dimensions reduced from 12.67 to 12.54 mm, 9.19 to 9.12 mm, and 4.58 to 4.51 mm,...

Author(s): Ofori Hayford, Amoah Francis, Arah Kojo Isaac, Aidoo Isaac Albert and Okley Tei Nathan

August 2019

African Journal of Food Science
Oil yields for Allanblackia parviflora (tallow tree) in Ghana: the effects of oil extraction methods, tree morphology and environmental characteristics

This study provided understanding of the oil yields from Allanblackia parviflora fruits in Ghana. The study sought patterns of variations in oil yield between 157 trees, 16 communities and 3 ecological zones. Ecological zone and soil properties were considered as surrogates for growing conditions associated with tree and fruit morphology. Kernel and seed oil yields were determined using the manual screw press ranged...

Author(s): Wilfred Sefah, Pierre Horwitz, Mary C. Boyce and Lydia Sefah

August 2019

African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
Efficacy of transurethral resection of prostate in patients of benign prostatic hyperplasia with lower urinary tract symptoms

Transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) has been the prime procedure for decenniums to treat benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), but is mainly predicated on historic data that lacks utilization of validated measures. It is noteworthy that TURP done nowadays significantly differs from that performed 30 years ago. Men who had undergone TURP between 2013 and 2018 were reviewed. 50 patients presented in the...

Author(s): Shahjahan Ur Rehman, Salman Iftikhar, Kamran Zaidi, Rao Salman Aziz, Yasir Arfat and Muhammad Sohail  

August 2019

African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
Antibacterial activities of three medicinal plant extracts and their synergistic effect on Staphylococcus aureus isolated from burn wounds

This study was undertaken to investigate the antibacterial activities of three medicinal plant extracts and their synergistic effect on Staphylococcus aureus isolated from burn wounds. A total of 50 swab samples of burn wounds were collected from burn wound patients attending Federal Teaching Hospital Abakaliki and screened for S. aureus using standard microbiological techniques. Three plant materials (Cucurbita pepo...

Author(s): Nwuna E. N., Nwuzo A. C., Afiukwa F. N., Oke Boniface,  Udu-iIbiam E. O., Moses I. B., Ilang D. C. and Aondaackaa A. D.  

August 2019

African Journal of Plant Science
Response of chickpea varieties and sowing dates for the management of chickpea ascochyta blight (Ascochyta rabiei (Pass.) Disease at West Belesa District, Ethiopia

A two year experiment was conducted at Ascochyta rabiei sick plot infested West Belesa District to evaluate potential chickpea varieties and sowing date for the management of Ascochyta blight. Five varieties namely, Dhera, Habru, Ejeri, Chefe, Teje; and three sowing dates at 10-day intervals (15th July (early), 25th July (optimum) and 5th August (late) were used as treatments. Treatments were arranged in split plot...

Author(s): Yigrem Mengist, Aytolgn Wassie and Tazebachew Asres

August 2019

Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics
Market channel options for smallholders in dual markets: A case of organic pineapple farmers in Uganda

Following institutionalisation of certified organic agriculture in Uganda in 2002, more farmers have adopted organic pineapple farming to boost their economic livelihoods. However, farmers have continued to engage in the less profitable conventional market due to organic market’s limited capacity to absorb all their produce. This study seeks to examine organic pineapple farmers’ market choices, improve the...

Author(s): Harriet Kyomugisha, Ernst-August Nuppenau and Johnny Mugisha  

Page 3 of 1169, showing 50 records out of 58450 total, starting on record 101, ending on 150