Articles

 

Articles

Page 3 of 1211, showing 50 records out of 60524 total, starting on record 101, ending on 150

February 2021

African Journal of Biotechnology
In vitro daylily (Hemerocallis species) bract multiple shoot induction

A bract is a non-inflorescence structure that exists in many plant species. In daylilies, the bract is biologically functional and is the object of the present tissue culture study. After sterilization, bract explants were treated with 6-benzylaminopurine (BA) and thidiazuron (TDZ) that were used individually or in combination in Murashige and Skoog (MS) nutrients medium, under room environmental conditions, to study...

Author(s): Kanyand Matand, Meordrick Shoemake and Chenxin Li

February 2021

Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development
Predicting the adoption of improved cassava varieties in Sierra Leone

In Sierra Leone cassava plays a major role in households’ food and income security. Plant breeders have concentrated on improved varieties with an increasing yields per unit area. This study was designed to identify factors that influence adoption or rejection of improved cassava cultivars by growers. Data were collected using questionnaires, focus group discussions and field walks; locations were selected using...

Author(s): Janatu V. Sesay, Aiah Lebbie and Richard A. Wadsworth    

February 2021

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Qualitative and quantitative phytochemical profiling of crude fractions of Pechuel-Loeschea leubnitziae leaves

Pechuel-Loeschea leubnitziae is a predominant medicinal plant in Namibia. It is traditionally utilized in treatment of gastrointestinal issues, sexually transmitted infections and common cold. Despite its therapeutic potential, the phytochemicals profile and compounds compositions are yet to be scientifically validated. This study was conducted to determine the spectrum and total phytochemical constituents present in P....

Author(s): Mariah Ndilimeke Muhongo, Mourine Kangogo and Christine Bii  

February 2021

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Effects of land fragmentation on farm efficiency in three agro-ecological zones of Embu County in Kenya

This paper is based on a study that was carried out to evaluate the effect of land fragmentation on farm efficiency in three agro-ecological zones of Embu County in Kenya from July 2017 to March 2018. The study used data collected from 384 farm-households that were randomly selected from three agro-ecological zones (AEZs) in the Embu County, using the multistage stratified sampling method. The AEZs were the...

Author(s): Samuel Njiri Ndirangu  

February 2021

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Response of seven African eggplant (Solanum macrocarpon L.) cultivars produced in Benin to salinity stress at seedling stage

Salt stress is one of the abiotic factors that cause a depressive effect on plants. This work aims to evaluate the effect of salt stress on growth of young plants of 7 cultivars (Adja-ouere, Côte d’Ivoire, Dangbo, Kpinman, Kombara F1, Lanman and Togan) of African eggplant (Solanum macrocarpon) produced in Benin, locally called Gboma, in order to determine their relative salt-resistance levels. Five NaCl...

Author(s): Elisée Gildas Yénoukounmè Sounou, Armel Clément Goudjo Mensah, Koffi David Hambada Montcho, Mahougnon Baudouin Geoffroy Gouveitcha, Françoise Assogba Komlan and Christophe Bernard Gandonou  

February 2021

Clinical Reviews and Opinions
Biomedical engineering in Nigeria: The genesis, present and the future

Inadequate biomedical engineering (BME) training, the gross deficit in the maintenance of biomedical facilities, mismanagement of resources allocated to the hospital biomedical unit by the management coupled with poor maintenance culture, are some of the factors that can aggravate the already high mortality rate, short life expectancy, poor economic growth, and low quality of life index in Africa, South of Sahara, and...

Author(s): Bamigboye, A. A. and Bello, K. A.  

February 2021

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
Projected climate risks for rice crops in Casamance, Southern Senegal

The climate risk concept is crucial for agricultural production in vulnerable regions. In this work the climate conditions that influence the climate risk for rice crop in Casamance are presented. The future occurrence of drought and extreme precipitation conditions in the most critical phases of the rice plant evolution has been evaluated. Regional climate models (RCMs) outputs projections from CORDEX under two...

Author(s): Samo DIATTA, Adama THIANDOUM, Mamadou Lamine MBAYE, , Alioune Badara SARR and Moctar CAMARA,

February 2021

African Journal of Biotechnology
Response of French bean genotypes to Colletotrichum lindemuthianum and evaluation of their resistance using SCAR markers

Common bean anthracnose caused by Colletotrichum lindemuthianum is one of the major biotic constraints to production of French beans (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) in Kenya. This study aimed at screening French bean genotypes in relation to their response to common bean anthracnose in order to identify potential sources of germplasm for breeding. The genotypes were tested in three sites (Kakamega, Mwea and Kutus) where results...

Author(s): Antony Kimani Kamiri, Edith Esther Arunga, Felix Rotich and Reuben Otsyula

February 2021

Educational Research and Reviews
Trends in higher education under neoliberalism: Between traditional education and the culture of globalization

This article aims to investigate the impact of neoliberalism on the trends of higher education, and on the changes in the approach of universities and colleges between traditional education and education in the service of globalization and neoliberalism. The research method was theoretical and qualitative that demonstrates the progressive impact of modern enlightenment ideas in higher education institutions and their...

Author(s): Younis Abu Al-Haija and Hatim Mahamid

February 2021

African Journal of Biotechnology
Analysis of the degradation of polyethylene, polystyrene and polyurethane mediated by three filamentous fungi isolated from the Antarctica

Plastic polymers are petroleum-derived synthetic materials that have multiple uses in everyday life, but their excessive production has led to the accumulation of approximately 1,000 million tons of residues, causing negative ecological impacts. This study analyzed the biological degradation in liquid medium of polyurethane, polystyrene, and polyethylene samples by filamentous fungi isolated from Antarctica. The plastic...

Author(s): Rodrigo Oviedo-Anchundia, Daynet Sosa del Castillo, Jaime Naranjo-Morán, Nora Francois, José Álvarez-Barreto, Alejandro Alarcón, Jhonny Saulo Villafuerte and Milton Barcos-Arias

February 2021

Journal of Environmental Chemistry and Ecotoxicology
Health risk assessment of pesticide residues in bean samples from Wukari, Taraba State, Nigeria

Man depends heavily on pesticides to boost his agricultural productions. This study aimed at carrying out a risk assessment of pesticide residues in samples of beans stored and sold in Wukari Town, Nigeria. Different samples of beans were collected randomly from different market points within Wukari, Rafin kada and Idofi. The pesticide residue analysis was carried out using GC/MS after sample extraction, filtration and...

Author(s): Olawale Otitoju and Confidence Chibuikem Lewis  

February 2021

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Traditional solar salt production in Lower Casamance (Senegal): Environmental and socio-economic benefits and disadvantages

To produce salt, women in Lower Casamance (southern Senegal) traditionally practice artisanal fire salt-farming (AFS) by heating a brine with a biofuel (mangrove wood). The thermal energy produced favors the evaporation of water, the saline concentration and the precipitation of crystallized salts. In recent years, artisanal solar salt-farming (ASS) has been introduced in the region using the thermal energy provided by...

Author(s): FALL Aïdara C. A. Lamine, MONTOROI Jean-Pierre, MANE Abdou and NIOKANE Mamadou  

February 2021

Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development
Role of agricultural cooperatives in rural development in the era of liberalization in the North West and South West regions of Cameroon

The focus of this research was to identify the role played by agricultural cooperatives in rural development in the era of liberalization in the North West and South West regions of Cameroon. Primary sources were used for data collection. Questionnaires were administered to 329 respondents from 52 agricultural cooperatives in 40 villages with a response rate of 78.7% in the North West Region and 21.3% in the South West...

Author(s): Budi Fredrick Tumenta, Fonteh Athanasius Amungwa and Manu Ibrahim Nformi  

February 2021

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Evaluation of cypermethrin insecticides on the growth of some selected soil bacteria isolated from Makurdi, Middle Belt, Nigeria

In the present investigation, a total of 30 soil samples were collected from five different sites in Makurdi metropolis to investigate the effect of cypermethrin on some soil bacteria. Physicochemical properties of the soil samples from various sites were determined using standard procedures. Some selected soil bacteria such as Escherichia coli, Klebsiella spp., Bacillus spp., Staphylococcus spp. and Proteus spp. were...

Author(s): Ebah Esther Eneyi, Ehoda Christian Ochofie, Emmanuel Olumuyiwa Onifade and Ikala Ruth Ohie  

February 2021

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Plants for veterinary use in the Montaña Palentina region (Palencia, Spain)

Profound social changes that have occurred in recent decades in rural society have led to the abandonment of ethno veterinary practices and knowledge, traditionally used to treat and prevent animal diseases. The main objective of this ethno botanical work is to document the traditional veterinary uses of plants in the Montaña Palentina region (Palencia, Spain). The data obtained has been compiled through 139...

Author(s): Juan Cruz Pascual and Baudilio Herrero  

February 2021

Journal of Dryland Agriculture
Groundnut (Arachis hypogea) Haulm marketing and constraints in selected Northern States, Nigeria

This study examined the dynamics of groundnut haulm marketing in northern Nigeria states of Bauchi, Jigawa, Kano, Katsina and Kebbi. Using a market survey in each state, data were collected from 101 haulm sellers using chance sampling with the aid of a structured questionnaire. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics to describe the profile of the sellers, seasonality in quantity traded, price and revenue;...

Author(s): Benjamin Ahmed, Henry Egwuma, Francois Siewe and Mohammed Kabir Idris  

February 2021

African Journal of Food Science
Successful value-chain approach for oat industry; development and quality evaluation of oat (Avena sativa) incorporated yogurt

Oat (Avena sativa) is a cereal rich in fiber and nutrients necessary for good health. This study was conducted to develop oat flakes incorporated yogurt. Oat flake concentrations were used at 2.5, 3.75, and 5 g of oats per 100 ml of milk. The selected oat concentration from a sensory evaluation was compared with a commercial yogurt for consumer preference and proximate analysis. The shelf life of the selected yogurt...

Author(s): M. K. S. Malki, K. M. G. K. Pamunuwa and J. A. A. C. Wijesinghe

February 2021

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Perception and adoption of new agricultural technologies in a Northern Inland Mozambique

The debate on the factors constraining the adoption of agricultural technologies in Southern African countries is still open. This paper assesses the perception and the level of adoption of a set of agricultural technologies by the key actors in a Northern Inland Mozambique. These key actors formed two groups: (1) Technicians, who are the local government officials and are responsible for the adoption of agricultural...

Author(s): Matías Javier Hargreaves M, Antonio Hargreaves B. and José Luis Riveros F.  

February 2021

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Effect of phosphorus application rates on the quality of potato propagated from rooted apical cuttings

This study determined the effect of phosphorus application rates on quality of potato tubers. Field experiments were set up at Egerton University, Njoro and Kenya Agricultural Livestock and Research Organization (KARLO), Molo. A randomized complete block design with split plot arrangement and three replicates were used. Main plot factors were varieties (Shangi, Dutch Robyjn, Unica and Wanjiku). Sub plot factors were...

Author(s): Pauline Aarakit, Josephine P. Ouma and Joyce J. Lelei  

February 2021

African Journal of Microbiology Research
A study of bacterial pathogens associated with diarrhoea in children under 2 years in Ile-Ife, Nigeria

Diarrhoea, a major contributor to high mortality in children may be caused by an array of bacterial, viral or parasitic pathogens acting individually or synergistically. This study identified the bacterial pathogens associated with diarrhoea in children aged 0-24 months, established the frequency of diarrhoea caused by each pathogen encountered in diarrhoea and determined the antibiotic resistance pattern of the...

Author(s): Akinwumi F. O., Igbeneghu O. A., Oyelami O. A. and Lamikanra A.  

February 2021

African Journal of Biotechnology
Expression, purification and testing of zinc metalloproteinase aureolysin as potential vaccine candidate against Staphylococcus aureus

Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) is a versatile bacterium which exhibits multiple antibiotic resistances. To ameliorate the undesirable diseases causing potential, there is a need to design a protective vaccine capable of stimulating immune response against this pathogen. In a similar study in our laboratory, reverse vaccinology approach was used to nominate potential vaccine candidate genes against S. aureus. Zinc...

Author(s): Samar Solyman, Mohamed Reda, and Amro Hanora

February 2021

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Estimation of general and specific combining ability effect for yield and quality characters in tomato (Solanum lycopersicum Mill. L.)

A study was conducted in a 8 × 8 half diallel cross set of tomato excluding reciprocals to estimate the general combining ability and specific combining ability for marketable fruit yield per plant (kg) and yield components, namely number of fruits per plant, individual fruit weight (g) fruit length (cm), fruit diameter (cm) and fruit thickness (cm) including some quality traits as TSS, pH and pericarp thickness....

Author(s): Desalegn Negasa Soresa, Gomathi Nayagam, Netsanet Bacha and Zerihun Jaleta  

February 2021

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Effect of phosphorus fortified compost on growth and yield of maize (Zea mays L.) and Lablab (Lablab purpureus L.) intercropped maize in acidic soils of Western Kenya

Phosphorus deficiency majorly constrains maize (Zea mays L.) production in acidic soils of western Kenya. This requires high doses of expensive inorganic P fertilizers to correct. Recommended rock phosphates and manures are lowly adopted because of low solubility and P content respectively. A Randomized Complete Block Design experiment was conducted for two seasons to assess effect of a cheaper alternative P source,...

Author(s): Orandi Jairus, Mwonga Samuel, Ojiem John and Lauren Julie  

February 2021

Journal of Horticulture and Forestry
Effect of NPK fertilizer rates on secondary metabolites of pepino melon (Solanum muricatum Aiton)

Secondary metabolites are bioactive compounds which are synthesized naturally in all plant parts. The quality and quantity of secondary metabolites produced by plants differ depending on the plant and environmental conditions under which they are produced. The purpose of the study was to investigate the effects of nitrogen, phosphorous and potassium (NPK) fertilizer (17:17:17) rates (0, 100, 200, 300 and 400 kg ha-1) on...

Author(s): Carol Mwende Mutua, Joshua Otieno Ogweno and Robert Morwani Gesimba  

February 2021

Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health
Peste des Petits Ruminants: Seropositivity and associated risk factors in goats and camel in Dello Mena and Madda Walabu Districts of Bale Zone, South Eastern Ethiopia

Despite its endemicity and economic significance in Ethiopia, there was no sero-surveillance report of Peste des Petits Ruminants (PPR) in Bale Zone. With this regard the study was conducted in Dello Mena and MaddaWalabu districts of Bale zone with the objectives of determining the seroprevalence of PPR and associated risk factors. A cross sectional study was conducted from March 2017 to May 2017 on weaned goat and...

Author(s): Dagim Berhanu Gebresilassie, Minda Asfaw and Aynalem Teshome  

February 2021

Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health
Microbiological quality of free-range chicken carcasses from a non-regulated slaughter facility in Kenya

This study assessed the microbiological quality of meat from free rage-produced chicken processed in an informal slaughter facility. The total viable counts (TVC), total coliform counts, coagulase positive Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus species, Salmonella species and Campylobacter species were used as indicators. A cross-sectional sampling of chicken carcasses at informal slaughter facility was carried out. Whole...

Author(s): Joseph K. N. Kuria, Esther W. Ngethe and Lucy W. Kabuage  

February 2021

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology
The prevalence, knowledge of health effect and attitude towards smoking among undergraduates in a Nigerian University

Smoking prevalence has been on the rise among university students in Nigeria despite the high awareness of harmful effects of smoking on health irrespective of the substance smoked, leading to death of millions annually. The aim of this study is to determine the prevalence, knowledge of health effect and attitude towards smoking among students of Alex Ekwueme Federal University Ndufu Alike, Ebonyi State. This was a...

Author(s): Chima Uzoma Igwe, Japheth Chukwuebuka David, Oghenevwede Anderson Okuma and Vivian Chizoma Njemanze  

February 2021

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Mycorrhizal activity as a quality indicator in the use of mining slag as soil conditioner

The main residue of iron and nickel mining is slag, a solid residue of low solubility and rich in magnesium silicate. A residue with potential use as a soil conditioner, however, it is still necessary to investigate whether its use brings impacts to the environment. Microorganisms are extremely sensitive to environmental changes, changes that can be used as environmental quality indicators. Among the organisms that act...

Author(s): José Mateus dos Santos, Sandro Dutra e Silva, Ana Paula Maciel Braga, Rodrigo Fernandes de Souza, Isabelly Ribeiro Lima, Henrique Padovani Lopes, Indiamara Marasca and Jadson Belem de Moura

February 2021

African Journal of Medical and Health Sciences
Orthodox and unorthodox practices by traditional birth attendants’ in Nsukka area of Enugu State, Southeast Nigeria

Unskilled Traditional Birth Attendants (TBA) is prevalent in rural Nigeria due to communal culture and traditions, their compassionate attitude, and non-availability of appropriate health facilities within the communities. Yet, there is no clear framework defining their roles, locations and practices. This study aimed to identify the pattern and practices of TBA in Nsukka area of Enugu State, and evaluate their roles in...

Author(s): George Onyemaechi Ugwu, Ed Nwobodo, Godwin Uchenna Ezema, Cosmos Onah and Odidika Ugochukwu Umeora  

February 2021

African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
Novelty-induced behavior and memory enhancing activities of aqueous and ethanol extracts of Solanum incanum Linn. fruits in mice

The present study investigated novelty-induced behavior, learning and memory enhancing activities of aqueous and ethanol fruit extracts of Solanum incanum Linn. using mice models. The mice were divided into sixteen (16) groups of five (5) mice each and treated with distilled water (10 ml/kg, i.p); 7.5, 15, 30 mg/kg (i.p) of both aqueous and ethanol fruit extracts; scopolamine (0.4 mg/kg) and scopolamine (0.4 mg/kg, i.p)...

Author(s): Akanmu A. O., Sodipo O. A., Sandabe U. K., Shamaki B. U., Balogun S. T. and Jubrin J.  

February 2021

Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health
Comparison of Montanideâ„¢ GEL 01 and oily MontanideTM ISA 50 in presenting a peptide to the immune system of dogs

Traditional vaccines based on killed or attenuated microorganisms or inactivated toxins have disadvantages associated with the risks of pathogenicity reversion, contamination with infectious material, variations between vaccine batches, storage problems, among others. Peptide identification containing important epitopes within antigens could be an attractive possibility to avoid those risks. However, in general,...

Author(s): Pedro Enrique Encinosa Guzmán, Anayram Perera Martin, Yamil Bello Soto, Frank Luis Ledesma Bravo, William Fernández Herrera, Carlos Pérez Heredia, Llilian Gómez Pérez, Nemecio González, Mario Pablo Estrada and Alina Rodríguez-Mallon  

February 2021

African Journal of Biotechnology
A novel genotype-independent technique for successful induction of somatic embryogenesis of adult plants of Jatropha curcas L. using petiole transverse Thin Cell Layer (TCL)

Developing a protocol for somatic embryogenesis (SE) for adult mother plants of Jatropha curcas, aids to overcome problems such as harvesting time and an uneven yield, providing the opportunity to propagate proven elite genotypes. Until now, several authors have achieved SE in J. curcas using different explants, however, in none of these protocols adult plants have been used as mother plant material. Furthermore, the...

Author(s): Cristian Nicolás Mendoza-Peña and Anne Kathrine (Trine) Hvoslef-Eide

February 2021

Journal of Parasitology and Vector Biology
Prevalence of soil-transmitted helminthiasis among primary school pupils in Ipogun, Ondo State, Nigeria

The prevalence of Soil-Transmitted Helminthiasis (STH) was investigated among pupils of three selected primary schools in Ipogun, Ifedore Local Government Area of Ondo State, Nigeria. A total of 298 stool samples were collected from pupils across schools and examined for eggs of Soil-Transmitted Helminths (STHs) using concentration method. Results showed that 190 (63.8%) of the 298 pupils were positive for STHs. Ascaris...

Author(s): Mobolanle Oladipo Oniya and Oluwasegun John Jegede,  

February 2021

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Contribution of soil macro-fauna diversity and abundance to soil fertility enhancement in cocoa-based (Theobroma cacao) agroforestry systems in the Littoral Region of Cameroon: An appraisal of cocoa farmers’ local knowledge

Soil macro-fauna diversity and abundance greatly influence soil fertility. However, little has been done to confirm this hypothesis in cocoa-based agroforestry systems. It was in this light that this research work was undertaken in order to fill the knowledge gap. Through the use of a mixed research method for data collection and appropriate data analysis procedures, findings showed that diverse soil macro-fauna were...

Author(s): Azembouh Roshinus Tsufac, Nyong Princely Awazi, Bernard Palmer Kfuban Yerima and Roger Kogge Enang  

February 2021

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Organic amendments effects on soil dry aggregate stability in Chipata, Zambia

Organic amendments have been known to improve soil physical and chemical properties in sub-Saharan Africa. However, research information on how organic amendments affect aggregate stability and the degree of their effects in comparison to others is inadequate in Zambia. The study was carried out to assess the effect of organic amendments on soil dry aggregate stability and organic matter on soils from Chipata, Zambia....

Author(s): K. Muzyamba, E. Phiri, D. Kalala and B. H. Chishala  

February 2021

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Variation in genetic variability and heritability of agronomic traits in Faba bean (Vicia faba L.) genotypes under soil acidity stress evaluated with and without lime in Ethiopia

Fifty faba bean is a multipurpose crop used as human food, animal feed, soil fertility restoration and income source for farmers and the country at large. However, the productivity of this crop is low as constrained by biotic and abiotic factors in which soil acidity takes the lions share in the highlands of Ethiopia. In order to estimate genetic variability on grain yield and related traits under soil acidity stress,...

Author(s): Mesfin Tadele, Wassu Mohammed and Mussa Jarso  

February 2021

International Journal of Physical Sciences
Test of velocity-displacement estimation using variometric method under the condition of ionospheric scintillation during equinoctial months of solar maximum period 2012

The Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) technologies have made significant contribution to seismology studies. Some processing strategies are well known, like real time PPP and DGPS techniques. These two methods have been widely used for GNSS based seismic activities monitoring. The first method requires accurate models of GNSS measurement errors to achieve accuracy in centimeter (cm) and need convergence time in...

Author(s): Asnawi Husin, Buldan Muslim, Joni Efendi and Dyah R. Martiningrum  

February 2021

Journal of Chemical Engineering and Materials Science
Extraction and characterization of chitin and chitosan from Callinectes amnicola and Penaeus notialis shell wastes

In the current investigation, chitin and chitosan are extracted from Callinectes amnicola (crab) and Penaeus notialis (shrimp) shell wastes using predetermined optimization conditions. The shrimp shell produces higher chitin yield (26.08%), higher chitosan yield (16.93%) and higher degree of deacetylation (DDA) of 89.73% than the yields of chitin (19.36%), chitosan (13.29%) and the DDA from crab shell (84.20%). The...

Author(s): Olaosebikan Abidoye Olafadehan, Kehinde Olawale Amoo, Tolulase Olufunmilayo Ajayi and Victor Ehigimetor Bello  

February 2021

ISABB Journal of Food and Agricultural Sciences
Local perception, effect and coping mechanism of food aid and determinants of dependency syndrome: The case of Raya Azebo Woreda, Southern Tigray, Ethiopia

The aim of this work is to analyze the effect of local level perceptions, socio-economic effects and coping mechanisms of food aid and determinants of dependency syndrome of HHs in Raya Azebo Woreda. Questionnaires, interviews, and FGD data collection tools were employed. To identify determinant factors of dependency syndrome, a probit model has been employed. The probit regression result showed that four out of eleven...

Author(s): Tewedaj Kahsay, Abebe Lemma and Zinabu Marsie

February 2021

Journal of Ecology and The Natural Environment
Ecological status of a newly impounded sub-saharan reservoir based on benthic macroinvertebrates community (Burkina Faso, West Africa)

In West Africa, particularly in Burkina Faso, the aquatic ecosystems are under human pressures. Therefore, for long term management of these ecosystems, the managers need baseline data for regular assessment of ecological health condition. In this regard, the structure of the benthic macroinvertebrate community was investigated and the relationship between the environmental variables and biotic indices of the...

Author(s): Bancé Victor, Ouéda Adama, Kaboré Idrissa, Zerbo Henri and Kabré B. Gustave

February 2021

Journal of AIDS and HIV Research
Patient retention on anti-retroviral therapy (ART): Experience of treatment centres (TCs) in Yaounde, Cameroon

Despite the achievements of Anti-retroviral Treatment (ART) scale-up programmes for HIV/AIDS, retention remains a challenge. Achievements of the “90-90-90” HIV targets for the sustainable development goals hinges on adherence. Despite the importance of indefinite retention of patients in care, 33% of HIV patients in Cameroon are still lost-to-follow-up, thereby compromising scale-up initiatives. This study...

Author(s): Denis Mbako Jato and Ernest Shey Budi  

February 2021

Journal of Agricultural Biotechnology and Sustainable Development
Shorten the producing process of horse manure to fermented compost and appropriate fertilization on crops

Horse manure composts may provide nutrients to crops as well as enrichment of good microorganisms for phytoprotection. Previous studies have shown their effectiveness against diseases but there are problems to overcome their composting procedures. The purpose of this experiment is to treat the horse manure starting from the stable to produce compost for crop growth. The results indicate that the manure can be enriched...

Author(s): Yong-Hong Lin, Tai-Yuan Chen, Chih-Hang Chang, Tzu-Che Lin, You-Jen Lee, Mei-Juan Lin and Jia-Hong Lin  

February 2021

Journal of Geology and Mining Research
Lithological features and chemical characterization of metamorphosed carbonate rocks in Igue, Southwestern Nigeria

This paper investigates and reports the lithological and compositional features of Igue marble deposit in southwestern Nigeria. The deposit occurs as low-lying heterogeneous units under a humus-laden dark brown tropical soil within Igarra Schist Belt on south eastern flank of basement complex of southwestern Nigeria. The marble deposit occurs as lenses sandwiched between quartz-biotite schist, calc-silicate gneiss and...

Author(s): Oluwatoyin O. Akinola and Olusola A. OlaOlorun  

February 2021

International Journal of Livestock Production
Phenotypic characterization (qualitative traits) of various strains of indigenous Tswana chickens in Kweneng and Southern districts of Botswana

The aim of this study was to identify and describe qualitative traits of indigenous Tswana chicken populations in Kweneng and Southern districts of Botswana. The qualitative traits involved in the study included tail colour, breast colour, back colour, neck colour, comb type, shank colour, earlobe colour and head shape. Data were subjected to frequency and cross tabulation procedures of descriptive statistics in...

Author(s): James Buttie Machete, Patrick Monametsi Kgwatalala, Shalaulani James Nsoso, John Cassius Moreki, Patrick Gothatamang Nthoiwa and Andrew Olatunbosun Aganga  

February 2021

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Aphrodisiac activity of ethanol extract and fractions of Fadogia cienkowskii Shweinf. Rubiaceae roots in albino rats

Fadogia cienkowskii is a shrub whose roots are used in many communities of Northern Nigeria to improve sexual performance; however, there is no scientific study to verify this claim. This study determined the effect of 70% ethanol extract of F. cienkowskii roots and its fractions (ethyl acetate, n-butanol, and residual ethanol) on mating behaviour (mounting, intromission and ejaculation) and serum testosterone...

Author(s): Jurbe Gofwan Gotep, Sunday Yakubu Sabo, Sunday Makama, Mary Ogonnaya Uguru and Francis Kanayo Okwuasaba  

February 2021

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Occurrence of calcium oxalate crystals in some wild plants used in traditional medicine in Saudi Arabia

Plants are widely used in traditional medicine, but could be detrimental to patients, due to the presence of some harmful substances such as calcium oxalate (CaOx) C2CaO4 crystals. The presence, morphology and distribution of CaOx crystals were investigated in 60 wild, herbal plant species from the Al Qussim Region, Saudi Arabia. This was done via light microscopy of transverse sections of stems and leaves using light...

Author(s): Mohamed El-Zaidy and Abdulaziz A. Alsahli  

February 2021

African Journal of Biotechnology
Identification of zygotic and nucellar seedling of Harumanis mango through molecular markers and morphological approach

Identification of zygotic and nucellar seedlings of Harumanis mango by morphological approach is impossible or hard to be performed. Therefore, this research were to identify zygotic or nucellar seedlings from Harumanis mango polyembryonic seeds through simple sequence repeat (SSR) molecular markers in relation with germination sequence and vigour of seedlings for source of true-to-type cutting material. The...

Author(s): Zul Helmey Mohamad Sabdin, Muhammad Najib Othman Ghani, Shahril Ab Razak, Mashitah Jusoh, Muhamad Hafiz Muhamad Hassan and Ahmad Hafiz Buniamin

February 2021

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Toxicological evaluation of Zanthoxylum zanthoxyloides (Lam) Zepernick & Timler root bark used as biopesticide and medicine

Toxicological studies were carried out to investigate the effect of consumption of Zanthoxylum zanthoxyloides root bark widely used in traditional medical practices and as protectant of stored cereal products in Nigeria, using albino rats. Serum, kidney and liver were tested for oxidation stress and tissue damage markers; aspartate amino transferase (AST), alanine amino transferase (ALT), urea, bilirubin and creatinine...

Author(s): Mohammed Gbate, Olufemi Michael Ashamo and Akinwande Lawrence Kayode  

February 2021

African Journal of Plant Science
Molecular characterization of garlic (Allium sativum L.) using SSR markers in Ethiopia

Garlic is one of the most cultivated and medicinal horticultural crops in the world. Its production and productivity is decreased due to different constraints. Knowing the genetic distance will give information to tackle the constraints. This study characterized genetic diversity of garlic germplasm by analysis of eleven Simple Sequence Repeats (SSR) loci in 115 garlic accession. Genomic DNA was extracted from fresh...

Author(s): Kalkidan Tesfu, Nitsuh Aschale, Emebet Regassa, Helen Gebremdhen, Obsi Desalegn, Demilew Deres and Sara Gebremeskel

February 2021

International NGO Journal
Now that Nigeria is polio-free: The effects that social mobilisation programme on polio immunisation program had on the hard to reach parents of children eligible for immunisation programmes in Nigeria

Vaccination prepares the body’s immune system ready to recognise, destroy and remember foreign disease-causing agents when it encounters them. It is the most effective way of averting communicable diseases if fully accepted and demanded by the population at risk of spreading contagious diseases. Social mobilisation has been a critical way of encouraging demands, as well as acceptance and compliance, by the general...

Author(s): Nelly O. Kusimo, and Michael O. Kusimo,

Page 3 of 1211, showing 50 records out of 60524 total, starting on record 101, ending on 150