Articles

 

Articles

Page 3 of 1138, showing 50 records out of 56876 total, starting on record 101, ending on 150

September 2018

International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation
Macrofungal diversity in Yangambi Biosphere reserve and Yoko reserve rainforests of the Democratic Republic of the Congo

Detecting and understanding patterns in the distribution of taxa is a fundamental element in implementing biodiversity conservation. Regarding fungi, understanding how functional diversity varies with forest types helps to define their niche and allows predicting the impact of forest degradation on communities of macrofungi. It also allows better understanding of the way in which they realize their ecological function...

Author(s): Héritier MILENGE KAMALEBO, Hippolyte NSHIMBA SEYA WA MALALE and André DE KESEL  

September 2018

International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation
In vitro micropropagation of Rhinacanthus nasutus (L) Kurz

The study was aimed to standardise a protocol for the in vitro mass propagation of Rhinacanthus nasutus (L) Kurz, an anticancer shrub. Leaf, node and inflorescence explants were inoculated onto the Murashige and Skoog’s (MS) medium enriched with different combinations and concentrations of growth regulators. Maximum callusing percentage was achieved in leaf explants in MS medium supplemented with 5 mg/l 2,4-D....

Author(s): Nissar Ahmad Reshi, Sudarshana M. S. and Girish H. V.  

September 2018

International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation
Study on community perception of termite expansion and control in Borana plateau: Case study of Southern Oromia, Ethiopia

Ecologically termites can be divided into damp wood dwellers, dry wood dwellers under and above ground dwellers in Dire, Miyo and Moyale districts. The combination of methods and tools such as stakeholder, key informant interview, group discussions, timelines, transect walk, community sketches were used. About 90 pastoralists were interviewed formally on its expansion and control techniques. The cause of termite...

Author(s): Demisachew Tadele Ayana, Wondimu Tolcha Adugna, Jaldesa Doyo Liban, Abiyot Lelisa Deke and Amsalu Tilahun Fete  

September 2018

International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation
Diversity, distribution and habitat association of birds in Menze-Guassa Community Conservation Area, Central Ethiopia

A study was conducted in Menz-Guassa Community Conservation Area (MGCCA) from November 2016 to March 2017, to assess the diversity, distribution and habitat association of birds. Three habitat types including forest, grassland, and moorland habitats were identified based on their vegetation composition. Point count method in Eucalyptus and Juniperus forest, and line transect technique in grassland and moorland habitats...

Author(s): Yihenew Aynalem and Bezawork Afework  

September 2018

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology
Occurrence of diarrhea and utilization of zinc bundled with ORS among caregivers of children less than five-years in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

In response to the high occurrence of diarrhea in Ethiopia, the Federal Ministry of Health employed an effective strategy that included administration of zinc together with oral rehydration salt to treat children suffered diarrhea since 2013. Nonetheless, information on zinc bundled with ORS uptake is limited and thus this study has examined zinc utilization among beneficiaries. A community based cross-sectional study...

Author(s): Solomon Hassen, Jemal Haidar and Agajie Likie Bogale  

September 2018

Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development
Success story of implementing the self-sustaining agricultural extension system in Rwanda

Rwanda is implementing the self-sustaining extension system through Farmer Field Schools (FFS) and Farmer Promoters (FP) approaches. The objective of this paper was to find out the impact of self-sustaining extension system in order to help stakeholders to improve its current implementation. The methodology includes a desk review of reports, face to face interview with 60 participants and 5 focus group discussions...

Author(s): Musabyimana Innocent, Ranganathan, Sankaranarayanan and Hilda Vasanthakaalam  

September 2018

Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development
On-Farm Demonstration of Improved Varieties of Faba bean (Vicia fabaL.) in Gemechis, Chiro and Tullo Districts of West Hararghe Zone, Oromia National Regional State of Ethiopia

The experiment was carried out in Gemechis, Chiro and Tulo districts of West Hararghe Zone with the objectives of enhancing production and productivity of faba bean on farmers’ fields and to improve linkage among stakeholders and create awareness on improved faba bean varieties. Three kebeles were selected purposively based on faba bean production potential. Accordingly, Walenso Defo kebele from Gemechis,...

Author(s): Fekede Gemechu, Mideksa Babu and Asfaw Zewdu  

September 2018

African Journal of Bacteriology Research
In vitro assessment of Leuconostoc mesenteroides zinc nanoparticles against Salmonella serovars recovered from broilers chickens

Salmonella serovars are responsible for a variety of acute and chronic diseases in poultry. Leuconostoc mesenteroides probiotic can exert antimicrobial activity by producing diverse fermentative metabolites with bactericidal or bacteriostatic activities such as lactic and acetic acids, fatty acids, hydrogen peroxide or diacetyl and antimicrobial proteins such as bacteriocins and peptidoglycan hydrolase enzymes. This...

Author(s): Ahmed Orabi, Ismail Radwan, Mohamed Rady and Marwa Yehia  

September 2018

African Journal of Bacteriology Research
Antibacterial and antioxidant activities of crude aerial part extracts of Satureja Punctata (Benth) Briq

This study evaluates the antimicrobial and antioxidant activities of the crude extract of an aerial part of Satureja punctata (Benth.) Briq. The dried aerial part of S. punctata (Benth.) Briq was extracted separately using aqueous, ethanol and n-hexane. The antibacterial activity against Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli and Pseudomonas aeruginosa was assessed using disc diffusion method, and the minimum...

Author(s): Mesfin Melaku, Yalemtsehay Mekonnen and Melaku Tefera  

September 2018

African Journal of Bacteriology Research
Antibiotic resistance genes in diarrheagenic Escherichia coli (DEC) isolated from livestock organic wastes in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso

Diarrheagenic Escherichia coli (DEC) are often disseminated through the fecal matter of livestock and waste products including slurry and manure. The study aimed to characterize archived DEC recovered from cattle fecal matter, manure and slurry for quinolone resistance and extended spectrum beta-lactamases (ESBLs) with focus on trends in antimicrobial susceptibility patterns. The susceptibility of the bacteria was...

Author(s): Evariste BAKO, Asseta KAGAMBEGA, Germaine MINOUNGOU, Noah Obeng NKRUMAH, Tounwendsida Serge BAGRE, Cheikna ZONGO, Oumar TRAORÉ, Réné DEMBÉLÉ, Sidi MOCTAR, Anne OUEDRAOGO and Nicolas BARRO  

September 2018

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
Analysis of spatial variability in rainfall trends in Baringo County, Kenya

This study assessed actual rainfall trends and variability in Baringo County. The objective of the study was to determine whether there were variations in rainfall trends by agro ecological zones. Meteorological rainfall data for the period 1981 to 2010 from three distinct agro-ecological zones covering highland (LH 2), low land (IL 6) and midland (LM 5) was used. The choice of rainfall stations was informed by...

Author(s): Ednah Chemutai Koskei, Jackson John Kitetu and Charles Wambongo Recha  

September 2018

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
Healthcare waste management practices and risk perception of healthcare workers in private healthcare facilities in an urban community in Nigeria

Medical waste, despite the relatively small amounts in which it is generated, is a major concern for healthcare professionals and the government mainly because it poses risks to humans and the environment. Previous studies have shown that there is poor management of medical waste in developing nations, and Nigeria is not an exception. Some have surveyed the associated risks but few have studied the risk perceptions...

Author(s): Afolabi Olusegun Tope, Aluko Oludare Olufemi, Afolabi Bolade Kehinde and Fehintola Funmito Omolola  

September 2018

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
Seasonal variation of heavy metal speciation in soil and stream sediments from hospital waste dumpsite in Ilesa, Southwestern Nigeria

A speciation study of selected heavy metals in soil and stream sediments around a hospital waste dumpsite was investigated. Sequential extraction procedure was used to fractionate the metals into 4 fractions: Exchangeable and bound to carbonate, oxyhydroxide of Fe and Mn, organic matter and the residual fraction. Speciation analysis of Fe, Mn, Zn, Cu, Cd and Pb in soil revealed that a major portion of the metals were...

Author(s): Fakoya O. T., Oluyemi E. A., Olabanji I. O., Eludoyin A. O., Makinde O. W. and Oyinloye J. A.  

September 2018

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
The impacts of climate change and variability on crop farming systems in Semi-Arid Central Tanzania: The case of Manyoni District in Singida Region

This paper focuses on the impacts of climate change and variability on crop farming. The main objective of this paper is to assess the impacts of climate change and variability on crop farming systems in Manyoni district, Tanzania. This paper used mixed research design with both quantitative and qualitative research approaches. The research used different methods in collecting information concerning the impacts of...

Author(s): Jackson Sawe , Claude G. Mung’ong’o and Godfrey F. Kimaro

September 2018

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
Equilibrium, kinetic and thermodynamic studies of biosorption of zinc ions from industrial wastewater using derived composite biosorbents from walnut shell

The biosorption process of Zn (II) ions in industrial wastewater was investigated using derived composite biosorbents from walnut and snail shells. Composite adsorbents were produced by activating walnut shell carbon (WSC) with phosphoric acid to obtain acid-treated walnut shell carbon (AWSC) and WSC and AWSC were independently impregnated on chitosan to produce walnut shell carbon impregnated on chitosan (WSCC) and...

Author(s): Olafadehan, O. A., Akpo, O. Y., Enemuo, O., Amoo, K. O. and Abatan, O. G.

September 2018

African Journal of Mathematics and Computer Science Research
The half way series expansion

A new formula for mathematics is derived which gives the upper half of the series expansion of the expression (ay+b)2n, where n,  is a natural number. A proof of the new formula is given followed by a simple example to test its accuracy. This formula is helpful whenever n is large. Key words: Series Expansion, fluid models, Intermolecular Potential model  

Author(s): Alpha Ibrahim Turay  

September 2018

African Journal of Mathematics and Computer Science Research
Maximizing profit in the poultry farming sector: An application of the robust linear programming technique

Managing the limited resources of money, time and space poses a real problem in the livestock business in general and the poultry sector in particular. The stochastic linear programming with recourse will permit the formulation of a mathematical model that could easily be solved in order to attain the objective of maximizing profit but this will be hindered by the presence of some parameters like demand and supply which...

Author(s): Mathias A. Onabid and Therence A. Tchoffo  

September 2018

Journal of Philosophy and Culture
‘Mine to Win’: a Book that Binds Aspects of Ethiopian Christianity Education and Philosophy

The author of this book, Hiwot Teffera, is among the vibrant politers of the then generation called ‘YaTiwulid’. This period extends from 1972- 1992 , and many of them were young and involved in different political factions of the time. She and some of her friends are destined to share their experience, knowledge and reading; however, many could bear fruit  because of Red and White Terrors of the time....

Author(s): Asmamaw Addis and Solomon Girma  

September 2018

Journal of Philosophy and Culture
Moderate communitarianism is different: A Response to J. O. Famakinwa and B. Matolino

Moderate communitarianism is a thesis introduced into African philosophical literature by the Akan philosopher Kwame Gyekye. He suggests that this thesis better accounts for the Akan and, to some extent, African social set-up than what he calls radical communitarianism (a thesis which he attributes especially to John Mbiti and Ifeanyi Menkiti). However, Gyekye is criticised by J. O. Famakinwa and B. Matolino for...

Author(s): Hasskei M. Majeed  

September 2018

International Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences
Collodiaphyseal angle in the diagnosis of coxa vara and coxa valga in adult Nigerans

Collodiaphyseal angle (CDA) is the angle formed between the femoral neck axis and the diaphysis axis. The aims of this study were to determine the normal range of collodiaphyseal angle in adults and to determine any difference in the collodiaphyseal angle between right and left femur and also between sexes. 340 subjects consisting of 170 (50%) males and 170 (50%) females were included in this study. Plain radiographs...

Author(s): Abiodun A. A., Ikem  I. C., Adeyemi D. O., Ofusori D. A. and Komolafe O. A.  

September 2018

Journal of Stored Products and Postharvest Research
Laboratory evaluation of six new cassava genotypes to Tribolium castaneum (Herbst) (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae) infestation

Two products, chips and flour, processed locally from six new cassava genotypes; 98/0505, 01/1368, 05/1636, 05/0473, 01/1371 and 01/1412 obtained from National Root Crops Research Institute (NRCRI), Umudike, Abia State, Nigeria were evaluated for losses (qualitative and quantitative) caused by rust red flour beetle Tribolium castaneum under storage conditions (25 to 30°C and 70 to 90% RH) in the General Laboratory,...

Author(s): Zakka U., Lale N. E. S., Onoriode A. H. and Ehisianya C. N.  

September 2018

Journal of Stored Products and Postharvest Research
A study on the causes of apple (Malus Domestica) fruit loss at Chencha Woreda of Gamo Gofa Zone, Southern Ethiopia

Apple (Malus domestica) is a temperate climate fruit tree grown in the highland climates. Specifically, it is widely and largely cultivated in the Gamo Gofa administrative zone at Chencha woreda in Ethiopia. Although there is inadequate information regarding the cause of fruit loss, some other details reveal the production status of the fruit in the area. This study was aimed at assessing the causes of apple fruit loss...

Author(s): Behailu A. and Kebede J.  

September 2018

Journal of Agricultural Biotechnology and Sustainable Development
Farmers’ knowledge and perceptions of leaf spot disease of groundnut and its management in Northern Region of Ghana

Groundnut (Arachis hypogea L.) is an important food source as well as cash crop for the people of Northern Ghana. The crop yield is low partly due to biological constraints which include diseases like leaf spot. A survey was conducted among 200 farmers in four districts of the Northern Region of Ghana, from June to August, 2014 using a structured questionnaire. The objectives of this study were to assess farmers’...

Author(s): Moses Neindow, Elias Nortaa Kunedeb Sowely and Abdul-Halim Abubakari  

September 2018

Journal of Media and Communication Studies
Management for sustaining the fishery resources in Pulicat estuary, India

The study aims to establish strategies on how to manage coastal fisheries conflicts and livelihood in Pulicat estuary. This estuary, lying in the east of the Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh States in India, is the second largest brackish water body in India, the first being the Chilika estuary in the State of Odisha. The total area of the estuary is 759 km2 with many island as part of it. But only 360 km in the southern...

Author(s): S. Jerard Majella Francis and I. Arul Aram  

September 2018

Journal of Media and Communication Studies
And the Oscar goes to . . . Global Cinema!!! Taking a Close-Up Look at the Business and Legal Challenges and Opportunities of International and U.S. Film Industries

For over 120 years, the global cinema industry has been an important segment of the world economy which has had a significant impact on the economy and culture of countries. This article analyzes the world film industry, with a close up focused on the U.S. movie market, utilizing SWOT (Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities and Threats) as a strategic tool to consider the internal and external challenges and opportunities...

Author(s): Joyce Boland-DeVito  

September 2018

International Journal of English and Literature
A study of the portrayal of virginity in Ugandan novels

This paper examines the portrayal of virginity in Akiki K. Nyabongo’s, Africa Answers Back (1936), Mary Okurut’s Invisible Weevil (1998) and Jane Bakaluba’s Honeymoon for Three (1975). The study analyzes the place of virginity in African traditional marriage. The girls are trained by the elder mothers and aunts to remain a virgin until their wedding night. In Africa, virginity is highly valued that...

Author(s): Mary Naula, Joseph Jakisa Owor and Cornelius Wambi Gulere  

September 2018

International Journal of English and Literature
Capitalism versus narcissism: Death of a salesman's psychoanalytic critique

Arthur Miller's, Death of a Salesman seems to have lost some ground to its once established position as many critics of late downplayed the demise of its protagonist Willy Loman by inscribing the causes of his death on 'narcissism' and excessive self-importance other than delving into the deeper causes behind his tormented and isolated private life. However, the author argues that Willy's life gets...

Author(s): Nurul Anwar  

September 2018

Journal of Geology and Mining Research
Integrated geosciences prospecting for gold mineralization in Kwakuti, North-Central Nigeria

Geoscience prospecting for gold mineralisation was conducted in Kwakuti town located within Latitudes 9.362500°N to 9.387500°N and Longitudes 6.920833°E to 6.945833°E in Northern Nigeria. The deployed geosciences techniques comprise surface geological mapping, processing and analysis of aeromagnetic total magnetic field intensity data using Oasis Montaj software and X-ray fluorescence analysis of soil...

Author(s): Ejepu J. S., Unuevho C. I., Ako T. A. and Abdullahi S.  

September 2018

Journal of Yeast and Fungal Research
Optimization of nutritional and environmental conditions for biomass production and sporulation of entomogenous fungus Lecanicillium lecanii CA-1-G using two-stage cultivation system

Some factors on sporulation of Lecanicillium lecanii CA-1-G by one-time-at-a-factor have been studied. These factors include carbon and nitrogen sources, carbon-to-nitrogen ratios, mineral elements and vitamins together with water potentials, temperatures, dark/light cycles and pHs. On the basis of these results, together with “two-step” cultivation and orthogonal method, we optimized the culture conditions...

Author(s): Li Gao  

September 2018

Journal of Chemical Engineering and Materials Science
Production of bioethanol from stems of Sorghum saccharatum monitoring kinetic parameters of fermentation

The objective of this study was to evaluate the performance of three stumps of Saccharomyces cerevisiae in the ethanol bioconversion of the diluted stems of sweet sorghum (Sorghum saccharatum L.) and to monitor the kinetic parameters of fermentation. Therefore, different initial concentrations of three stems from S. cerevisiae are used to ferment the juice. The juice obtained was formulated from one kilogram (1 kg) of...

Author(s): I. Mossi, E. S. Adjou, C. P. A. Dossa, G. Nonviho M. M. Conforte Adda, B. B. Yehouenou and D. C. K. Sohounhloué

September 2018

International Journal of Water Resources and Environmental Engineering
Evaluation of canal water conveyance and on-farm water application for a small-scale irrigation scheme in Ethiopia

This study was conducted to identify and understand the current level of canal water conveyance and on-farm water application efficiency of Lemchek-Sewur small-scale irrigation scheme in Ethiopia. The water conveyance efficiency of canals was determined by estimating discharge at different segments. On-farm water application efficiency was evaluated from the amount of water actually applied and from soil moisture...

Author(s): Alebachew Shumye and Ing Pratap Singh  

September 2018

Journal of Agricultural Biotechnology and Sustainable Development
Agricultural productivity, land use and draught animal power formula derived from mixed crop-livestock systems in Southwestern Ethiopia

The interaction of agricultural land cover area between land use systems and level of household income was identified. The annual cropland area was significantly higher than the natural pastureland and perennial cropland. The difference in household income earned was not significant between the annual crop and livestock. Such a difference however is not surprising because smallholder land system is a dual asset, and...

Author(s): Asrat Guja Amejo,Yoseph Mekasha Gebere and Habtemariam Kassa  

September 2018

Journal of Agricultural Biotechnology and Sustainable Development
Genetic diversity of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) cultivars from Ethiopia by using ISSR markers

Inter Simple Sequence Repeat (ISSR) markers were employed to reveal genetic diversity and relatedness among 27 chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) cultivars in Ethiopia. Four di-nucleotide repeat primers amplified 24 clear and reproducible bands of which 22 were polymorphic (91.67%). The genetic variation among 27 chickpea cultivars including 12 kabuli and 15 desi verities is high; in which desi type exhibited a genetic...

Author(s): Tadele Temesgen Gubae and Yohannis Petros  

September 2018

Journal of Stored Products and Postharvest Research
Monitoring the changes in chemical properties of red and white onions (Allium cepa) during storage

Effects of postharvest storage conditions and varietal differences on the chemical properties of onion bulbs were demonstrated. Fresh red and white onion varieties were stored for two months under three different storage conditions: ambient temperature (28-30ºC), refrigeration (5-7ºC) and control cupboard temperature storage (45-50ºC). Main and interaction effects of the two factors (storage and variety)...

Author(s): Olusola Samuel Jolayemi, Sanusi Shamsudeen Nassarawa, Oluranti Mopelola Lawal, Mopelola Ajoke Sodipo and Isaac Babatunde Oluwalana  

September 2018

International Journal of Nursing and Midwifery
Evaluation of the quality of postnatal care and mothers’ satisfaction at the university college hospital Ibadan, Nigeria

Globally, postpartum care is a neglected part of maternal health, even though 50% of maternal deaths occur in the first weeks after childbirth. Literature is sparse on the quality and content of postnatal care provided in Nigeria. This study aimed to assess the quality of Postnatal Care (PNC) for mothers using the World Health Organization (WHO) practice guideline of postnatal care. An exploratory cross-sectional design...

Author(s): Rose Ekama Ilesanmi and Janet Atinuke Akinmeye  

September 2018

International Journal of Nursing and Midwifery
Prevalence of male attendance and associated factors at their partners’ antenatal visits among antenatal care attendees in Bale Zone, South East Ethiopia

Male involvement in antenatal care helps to have safe delivery, especially in developing countries. The problem has been insufficiently studied in Ethiopia. Therefore, this study assessed male attendance and associated factors at their partners’ antenatal visits among antenatal care attendees in Bale Zone health facilities. Cross sectional study was conducted from May to June, 2017 among 609 pregnant mothers....

Author(s): Fetene Kassahun, Chanyalew Worku, Abebaw Nigussie and Gemechu Ganfurie  

September 2018

Journal of Diabetes and Endocrinology
Antidiabetic and anti- hyperlipidemic effects of ethanolic extract of Dryopteris dilatata leaves

The incidence of diabetes mellitus (DM) is increasing globally and it is a major source of concern. This study was undertaken to assess the antidiabetic effect of the ethanolic leaf extract of Dryopteris dilatata (ELEDD).Thirty adult Wistar rats with body weight (BW) of 120-150 g were randomly assigned to groups of five rats each (n=5). Groups 1 served as normal control; Groups 2-6 were diabetic groups; group 2 served...

Author(s): Akpotu Ajirioghene, Celestine Ani, Choice Nworgu, Okorie Pamela, Igwe Uzoma, Jide Uzoigwe, Adeyemo Mercy, Nwaeme Ogochukwu and Obinna Onwujekwe  

September 2018

Journal of Horticulture and Forestry
Farmer’s traditional practices and management methods of stored common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) insect pests in the central region of Benin Republic

Common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) is a legume that contributes to food security and poverty reduction in Benin. However, there is very little information on its production constraints, varietal diversity, storage practices, storage insect management, and seed system. While these information are necessary for use in breeding programs and a better conservation of this legume. To fill these gaps, ethnobotanical surveys...

Author(s): Loko Yêyinou Laura Estelle, Akpo Ahouélété Joel, Orobiyi Azize, Toffa Joelle and Dansi Alexandre

September 2018

Journal of Ecology and The Natural Environment
Land cover changes and their determinants in the coral rag ecosystem of the South District of Unguja, Zanzibar

This paper presents the findings on the study on land cover changes and their determinants in the coral rag ecosystem of the South District of Unguja. The study is based on data extracted from the 1975, 2009, and 2014 satellite images using remote sensing and geographical information systems (GIS) techniques. Additional data were collected through structured interviews in a household survey, focus group discussions, key...

Author(s): Mohamed K. Said and Salome B. Misana  

September 2018

Journal of Ecology and The Natural Environment
Governance of river basin: Gender dimension in framing issues at the local community level

Rivers are a vital part of the environment as they act as habitat for several life forms, of which the well-being of many livelihoods depends for survival. Yet, the misuse of river basins in most parts of the world particularly developing countries has intensified dramatically. Appling the concept of “framing” we attempted to understand how gendered perspectives play a role in the governance of a river basin...

Author(s): Agro, P. P. and Agyeman, Y. B.  

September 2018

Journal of Ecology and The Natural Environment
Structure and natural regeneration of woody species at central highlands of Ethiopia

The management of regeneration plays a vital role in sustainable forest practice by ensuring the future growing carbon stock and serving as an indicator of the forest condition of an area. In premises of the above-mentioned facts, the current study was conducted to investigate the population structure and regeneration status of woody species as an indicator for forest condition and to provide information on...

Author(s): Mammo Siraj, and Kebin Zhang  

September 2018

Journal of Ecology and The Natural Environment
Effect of cocoa farming intensification on biodiversity and ecosystem properties in southern Ghana

We investigated the effect of cocoa farming on biodiversity and ecosystem services under different cocoa management systems. The study was carried out in three cocoa producing districts in southwestern Ghana using Y-frame sampling scheme. Five 25 m × 25 m size plots were demarcated at 100 m intervals along in the cocoa farms and the natural forest reserves. Fifteen plots were demarcated in the cocoa farms per...

Author(s): Daniel A. Tetteh, Alex Asase , Kwesi Ofori-Frimpong and Daniel Attuquayefio  

September 2018

African Journal of Biochemistry Research
Lipase in biodiesel production

Although fossil fuels have been serving mankind for several centuries, their exploration and use bring about several environmental problems. Besides, fossil fuels are neither renewable nor sustainable. There is therefore a need to search for renewable alternatives which are sustainable and environmentally friendly. Biodiesel, chemically known as methyl ester, is a renewable and sustainable biofuel used to run diesel...

Author(s): Onyinyechukwu J. Chioke, Christiana N. Ogbonna, Chukwudi Onwusi and James C. Ogbonna  

September 2018

International Journal of Vocational and Technical Education
Theoretical knowledge competencies required by trade artisans in domestic and industrial electrical installations in Enugu State, Nigeria

Technological development especially in the field of electrical/electronics posses a great challenge for electrical trade artisans with obsolete skills. The need to enhance the relevance of these artisans necessitated this study to determine theoretical knowledge competencies they require for domestic and industrial electrical installations in Enugu State. One research question guided the study and two null hypotheses...

Author(s): T. I. Eze, J. I. Ezenwafor and S. N. Oluka  

September 2018

Journal of Horticulture and Forestry
Impact of land-use on tree and fruit morphometric variation of the bitter kola (Garcinia kola Heckel) in Benin: Insight for domestication and production.

Garcinia kola is an IUCN globally vulnerable species native in Benin where it is extinct in the wild. It is also one of the top ten priority non-timber forest products in Benin because of its socio-economic and medicinal values. Still, G. kola is neglected and underutilized. The morphological variation of G. kola traits was investigated in two land-use types (home gardens versus farmlands) where it is found in Benin...

Author(s): Colombe Dadjo, Mireille Toyi, Aggrey Bernard Nyende, Kolawolé Valère Salako and Achille Ephrem Assogbadjo  

September 2018

International Journal of Sociology and Anthropology
Liberal feminism: Assessing its compatibility and applicability in Ethiopia context

As of the feminist theory varieties, liberal feminism is a type of gender reform feminism that emanates from the liberal thought. This paper critically reviews the appropriateness and applicability of liberal feminist theory and strategies in the context of Ethiopia in attempting to achieve gender equality and to reduce women oppression and subordination. The paper looks at the laws, polices and strategies of Ethiopia...

Author(s): Bimer Eyayu Enyew and Alemeneh Getaneh Mihrete  

September 2018

African Journal of Plant Science
Integrated management of Aspergillus species and aflatoxin production in groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) through application of farm yard manure and seed treatments with fungicides and Trichoderma species

Groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) is an important cash crop in the lowland areas of Ethiopia. However, prevalence of Aspergillus invasions and subsequent aflatoxin contamination compromises the quality of groundnut kernels. This study was conducted to evaluate the effect of farm yard manure (FYM) and seed treatments against Aspergillus species pod colonization and aflatoxin accumulation under field conditions. The...

Author(s): Abdi Mohammed, Alemayehu Chala, Chris Ojiewo, Mashilla Dejene, Chemeda Fininsa, Amare Ayalew, David A. Hoisington, Victor S. Sobolev and Renee S. Arias  

September 2018

African Journal of Plant Science
Physiological characterization of NADP-malic enzyme activity under 2,4-D toxicity in an aquatic fern, Azolla pinnata R.Br.

This work proposes NADP-ME activity as bio-indices for herbicidal sensitivity in Azolla pinnata R.Br. under 2,4-D toxicity. Azolla fronds were illuminated under saturated photosynthetic flux and bicarbonate induction. There was significant variation in the NADP-ME activity under light and dark conditions. This increased more when varying concentrations of 2,4-D were used for the up regulation of enzyme activity...

Author(s): A. Kumar De, B. Sarkar, I. Saha, A. Ghosh, N. Dey and M. K. Adak  

September 2018

African Journal of Plant Science
Effects of seedling age and rates of phosphorus fertilizer on growth and yield performance of onion (Allium cepa L.) under irrigation at Alage, Central Rift Valley of Ethiopia

Onion is an important cultivated crop as a condiment as well as a source of income for many farmers in Ethiopia. However, the productivity of the crop is much lower due to different problems. A field experiment was conducted to determine the effect of seedling age and phosphorus rate on growth and yield performance of onion at Alage, Central Rift Valley of Ethiopia, during 2016/2017 season. The treatments comprised...

Author(s): Tilaye Anbes, Walelign Worku and Hussien Mohammed Beshir  

September 2018

African Journal of Plant Science
Genotype and genotype by environment interaction and grain yield stability of medium maturity groups of soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merrill] varieties in Western Oromia, Ethiopia

The objectives of this study were to identify high yielding and stable medium maturity soybean varieties across environment and examine the influence of genotype × environment interaction (GEI) on grain yield of soybean varieties in western Oromia.  Seven early soybean varieties were evaluated at five locations (Bako, Gute, Billo, Chewaka and Uke) using randomized complete block design (RCBD) with three...

Author(s): Adane Arega, Alemayehu Dabessa, Meseret Tola and Chala Dabala

Page 3 of 1138, showing 50 records out of 56876 total, starting on record 101, ending on 150