Articles

 

Articles

Page 3 of 1144, showing 50 records out of 57178 total, starting on record 101, ending on 150

November 2018

International Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences
Updating traumatic optic neuropathy

Traumatic optic neuropathy (TON) is the affectation of the visual function, secondary to a damage caused by a direct or indirect traumatic mechanism over the optic nerve. It occurs in approximately 0.5 to 5% of closed head injuries, and in 2.5% of patients with maxillofacial trauma and mid-face fractures. The types of TON are direct, anterior indirect, posterior indirect, and chiasmal. This work aims to offer an...

Author(s): Damaris Hodelin Fuentes and Damaris Fuentes Pelier  

November 2018

Journal of AIDS and HIV Research
Dual voices of women living with human immunodeficiency virus and acquired immune deficiency syndrome in Gauteng Province of South Africa

Dual voices of women with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) show the experiences of  the HIV positive women who are ignored by the society at large. The study aims to showcase the voices of women living with HIV and AIDS at a micro-level to approach the disease in a more holistic way. Qualitative study was employed to explore and describe the experiences of women...

Author(s): Makombe Tsitsi Nyasha and Habedi Debbie Seoka Kgomotso  

November 2018

African Journal of Mathematics and Computer Science Research
Proof of Beal’s conjecture

In this research, a proof of Beal’s conjecture is presented. A possible Pythagorean algebraic relationship between the terms of the conjecture problem will be proposed and used to arrive at the proof results. In the process of seeking the proof the solution of the congruent number problem through a family of cubic curves will be discussed. Key words: Proof of Beal’s conjecture, proof of ABC conjecture,...

Author(s): Samuel Bonaya Buya  

November 2018

International Journal of English and Literature
An analysis of bullying in schools as presented by two Ugandan novels

This paper analyzes the depictions of bullying in schools in two selected Ugandan novels: Goretti Kyomuhendo’s The First Daughter (1996) and Mary Karooro Okurut’s The invisible Weevil (1998). The study is about the vices that education transmits to the learners depending on the socio-cultural and political context. One of them that education transmits is the bullying of fellow students. Bullying is both...

Author(s): Mary Naula, Manuel Muranga, Cornelius Wambi Gulere and Joseph Jakisa Owor

November 2018

Journal of African Studies and Development
Femininity, masculinity and family planning decision-making among married men and women in rural Ethiopia: A qualitative study

Family planning service contributes a lot to reduction of morbidity and mortality and it does more to help couples limit the number of their children. Women’s ability to control their own fertility is strongly affected by social constructs of gender role, expectations and gender inequalities. This study aims to explore influence of femininity and masculinity on family planning decision-making among married men and...

Author(s): Dereje Geleta  

November 2018

African Journal of Political Science and International Relations
Imaginary nature of political power in Africa: The sovereignty of orality

The reflections we present in this article are a fundamental philosophical contribution to African politics and governance. We propose a political thought, based on the imaginary power of the African peoples, coupled with the principles of modern power from Western Europe; and analyzed sovereignty, both national and popular, based on speech or oral expression. We thus suggest an ethics of the...

Author(s): Claver BOUNDJA  

November 2018

African Journal of Political Science and International Relations
Dictatorship, bad governance and their impact on public need and social development: A comparative public administration (CPA) study on the evidence of Togo

This study aimed to investigate the major challenges facing Togolese State government in public administration, and to provide some policy recommendation that can be applied to overcome these threats. In order to look into Togolese government managerial capacity in the implementation of national development initiatives and deliver the necessary public services efficiently and effectively, comparative public...

Author(s): Bienmali Kombate and Huang Dong  

November 2018

Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytotherapy
High performance liquid chromatography-diode array detection (HPLC-DAD) profiling, antioxidant and anti-proliferative activities of ethanol leaf extract of Berlinia grandiflora (Vahl) Hutch. & Dalziel

Berlinia grandiflora is used for managing numerous ailments including tumor in South-west, Nigeria. The phytochemical contents, antioxidant and antiproliferative activities of B. grandiflora leaf were determined in this study. The absolute ethanol extract was evaluated by high performance liquid chromatography-diode array detection (HPLC-DAD). The antioxidant activity was carried out by standard analytical methods. The...

Author(s): Aliyu Adamu, Kevwe Benefit Esievo, Grace Ugbabe, Samuel Ehiabhi Okhale and Henry Omoregie Egharevba

November 2018

African Journal of Pure and Applied Chemistry
New method for complete recovery of total cyanide in water and soil and its application at the Samira gold mine (Niger)

Cyanide is a very toxic substance, which occurs in various forms in environmental matrices and its determination requires a good extraction method. From the reference method of cyanide distillation by reflux heating under acidic conditions and entrainment of HCN gas collected as CN- ions with detection by UV-Visible spectrophotometry, an improved and complete procedure for total cyanide extraction in aqueous and solid...

Author(s): Adamou Hassane, Ayouba Mahamane Abdoulkadri and Rabani Adamou  

November 2018

Journal of Chemical Engineering and Materials Science
Super reinforcement of MWCNT/Epoxy by considering thermal fatigue resistance management technology

Strengthening fibers and layers in nanocomposites can make these materials suitable for many applications such as automobile, sport goods, aerospace, etc. Currently, scientists are still looking for materials with higher strength, but still lightweight because of consuming less fuel and energy in industries such as automobile and aerospace. In this research, by considering thermal fatigue resistance management...

Author(s): Anvari A.  

November 2018

African Journal of Mathematics and Computer Science Research
Comparison of open source data mining softwares on a data set

Data mining is the process of extracting informative and useful rules or relations, that can be used to make predictions about the values of new instances, from existing data. A wide range of commercial and open source software programs are used for data mining. In this study, a comparison of several classification algorithms included in some open source softwares such as WEKA, Tanagra and Scikit-learn using SEER...

Author(s): Abdullah BAYKAL and Cengiz COŞKUN  

November 2018

Journal of Ecology and The Natural Environment
Gadzama ecological preference by Anopheles gambiae complex (Diptera: Culicidae) in small natural microcosms in Maiduguri, Borno State, Arid Zone of North-E astern Nigeria

A study on ecological preference of breeding sites of Anopheles gambiae compared to other mosquito species were carried out in small natural microcosms. A total of sixteen small ponds, four each from North, South, East and West of Maiduguri Metropolitan were surveyed for the breeding and non-breeding sites for mosquitoes. In each pond mosquito larvae samples were collected by dip method after identifying species by...

Author(s): Usman N. Gadzama, Zakariya Dauda, Bitrus Duhu, Comfort B. Thliza and Shamsiyya S. Mahammad  

November 2018

Journal of Ecology and The Natural Environment
Influence of land use and land cover changes on ecosystem services in the Bilate Alaba Sub-watershed, Southern Ethiopia

Human well-being was obsessed with the natural scheme that provides various functions vital to support management at various levels. Land use/ land cover (LULC) dynamics over 45 years within four intervals (1972, 1986, 2008, and 2017) to evaluate its influence on ecosystem services. Geographic information system (GIS) and global value of coefficients’ database together with LULC dynamics were used to determine...

Author(s): Markos Mathewos Godebo, Mihret Dananto Ulsido, Teklu Erkossa Jijo and Getachew Mulugeta Geleto

November 2018

Journal of Ecology and The Natural Environment
Floristic and structural traits of tree vegetation in three sites with different level of disturbance in dense humid forest of Cameroon

This study characterizes the floristic and structural traits of trees in three sites of rainforest of Cameroon. The sites were exposed to different intensities of disturbances: Mangombe, highly and frequently disturbed; Bidou, moderately disturbed and Campo, undisturbed. Data collection were carried in a disposive comprising 65 plots of 20 m × 20 m randomly installed in each site for inventory, identification and...

Author(s): Jules Romain Ngueguim, Marie Caroline Momo Solefack and Jean Lagarde Betti

November 2018

Journal of Parasitology and Vector Biology
Vector resistance to pyrethroids and impact on the efficacy of insecticide-treated mosquito nets in Southern Benin

The use of Long Lasting Insecticidal Nets (LLINs) to protect population from malaria is one of the main strategies which decline the malaria morbidity and mortality in several trials carried out in different countries. However, resistance to pyrethroids is one of some problems which compromise the LLINs effectiveness. This study compares the effectiveness of LLINs in two areas, low and high resistance areas. Mosquitoes...

Author(s): Filémon, T. Tokponnon,, Arthur Sovi, Ossè A. Razaki, Mariam Oke, Dorothée Kinde Gazard and Martin, C. Akogbéto,  

November 2018

International Journal of English and Literature
Lyrical life: The prevailing mysticism of the evolution and inevitable putrefaction of the great human race

“Souls come to light after a fierce fight / among lovely ‘xx or xy’ pairs at day or night” This hypothetical review is regarding the poem “Lyrical Life” which is a fourteen-line poem in a sonnet structure written by the author of this article. This article is intended to share the author’s philosophy of life with that of other scholars and philosophers including pre-Socratic...

Author(s): Faisal Ahmed  

November 2018

Journal of Physical Education and Sport Management
Technical problems in teaching basketball practical session: The case of Grade 11 in Alamura Preparatory School

The main purpose of this study was to assess the major technical problems in teaching basketball practical session of Grade 11 in Alamura Preparatory School. To undertake this study, descriptive survey design with mixed method was employed. The sources of the data were 63 Grade 11 students, health and physical education (HPE) teachers, 3 principals, and 1 department head. Stratified random sampling technique was...

Author(s): Girma Moti Geletu and Solomon Wolde  

November 2018

Journal of Yeast and Fungal Research
Anticandidosic activity of selected medicinal plants from Côte d’Ivoire

Superficial candidiasis is a real public health problem, especially in immunocompromised people and HIV-infected patients. Due to the toxic handicap and the high cost of antifungal drug treatment, people use medicinal plants, which are relatively more accessible. Medicinal plants are an important source of novel antimicrobial agents. This study aims to determine the in vitro antimicrobial activity of...

Author(s): Henriette Bosson-Vanga, Kpongbo Etienne Angora, Abibatou Konaté, Akoua Valérie Bédia-Tanoh, Sébastien Miézan, Pulchérie Kiki-Barro, Kondo Fulgence Kassi, Vincent Djohan, William Yavo and Hervé Menan,  

November 2018

African Journal of Biochemistry Research
Evaluation of the effect of vitamin C on caspase 9 and oxidative stress in rheumatoid arthritis patients

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic and an autoimmune disease of the joints and is widely distributed worldwide. It is characterized by alterations of the antioxidant defense system and increased free radical formation and pro-inflammatory cytokine. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of vitamin C supplementation on oxidative stress biomarkers and caspase 9 level in rheumatoid arthritis patients....

Author(s): Amira M. Elshamy, Nagah K. Gaafar, Nadia E. ElAshwah, Ayman A. Wagih and Abeer A. Shahba  

November 2018

Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health
Dosage regimen associated immuno modulatory effect of levamisole on humoral response of broilers against inactivated avian influenza virus H7N3 adjuvanted vaccines

Inactivated oil based avian influenza vaccines are being used to confront viral outbreaks but seem to be ineffective due to the shorter life span of broiler birds. In such situations immunostimulating agents may play a vital role to overcome the problem. The current study was designed to investigate the co-stimulatory effect of levamisole on humoral response of chicken against inactivated oil based influenza vaccines in...

Author(s): Muhammad Ismail, Muhammad Danish Mehmood, Huma Anwar, Sana Noreen, Amir Qazi, Muhammad Usman Ghani and Mahreen Gul

November 2018

Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development
Pastoralist’s perceptions on the impact of Vachellia karrooencroachment in communal rangelands of the Eastern Cape, South Africa

The study was conducted in Alice, Eastern Cape Province, South Africa. The objective of this study was to evaluate farmers’ perceptions on the impact of Vachellia karroo encroachment on livestock production and vegetation. Forty farmers (62% females and 38% males) were interviewed using semi-structured questionnaires. The results showed that goats and cattle were mainly kept for cash sales and sheep for wool...

Author(s): S. Tokozwayo, U. Gulwa, T. Thubela, N. Nyangiwe and  K. Mopipi  

November 2018

Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health Sciences
Human kidney injury molecule-1 and interleukin-18 as predictive markers of nephrotoxicity in acute organophosphorus poisoned patients in Zagazig University hospitals

Organophosphorus (OP) poisoning is a major common cause of mortality and morbidity in most countries. Some clinical cases developed renal injury after acute OP poisoning. The aim of our study is to evaluate the levels of kidney injury molecule-1(KIM-1) and interleukin -18(IL-18) in acute OP poisoned patients as early predictors of OP induced nephrotoxicity. Over a period of one year, the observational cross sectional...

Author(s): Arwa A. El-Sheikh, Eman El-Sayed Khayal and Reem Allam  

November 2018

Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health Sciences
Influence of dry erase ink solvent mixtures on eye irritation

Teaching is the process of imparting knowledge by teachers in learners. To enhance this, methods of presenting information visually to a full room of students at once are used. This includes writing on whiteboards written using whiteboard marker pens. Dry erase ink for whiteboard marker pen is composed of volatile solvent vehicle which easily vaporizes allowing the mark to dry on the surface of the whiteboard. Different...

Author(s): Sabina Muthoni Muchemi, Wilkister Nyaora Moturi, George Morara Ogendi  

November 2018

International Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism
Factors associated with nutritional status among lactating mothers at Shashemene Woreda, West Arsi Zone, Oromia, Ethiopia: A comparative cross-sectional study

Inadequate nutritional intake prior to pregnancy, during pregnancy and lactation process increases postnatal nutritional stresses and health risk of the mother resulting in a high maternal mortality. The aim of this study was to compare nutritional status and associated factors of urban  and  rural  lactating  women  from  Shashemene  Woreda,  West  Arsi  Zone ...

Author(s): Bereket Duko, Melese Gebrie and Dejene Hailu  

November 2018

African Journal of Marketing Management
Factors influencing consumers’ choice of street-foods and fast-foods in China

The overarching aim of this paper is to examine empirical findings on the arena of consumers’ behavior and attitude towards intake of street-foods (SFs) and fast foods (FFs) status as well as associated risks of consumption in China. Presently, consuming SFs and FFs have become a popular trend and is counted as the manifestation of modernity in most fast growing countries, for instance, China. The SFs and FFs are...

Author(s): Haimanot B. Atinkut, Yan Tingwu, Bekele Gebisa, Shengze Qin, Kidane Assefa, Biruk Yazie, Taye Melese, Solomon Tadesse and Tadie Mirie

November 2018

Journal of Economics and International Finance
Determinants of tax revenue in East African countries: An application of multivariate panel data cointegration analysis

Domestic revenue mobilization has received growing attention in recent years as it has crucial national and international dimensions for sub-Saharan African (SSA) and East African countries. In most countries, tax has not increased with increasing development expenditures. In place, the share of tax revenue to gross domestic product (GDP) is declining and countries constantly rely on foreign   capital inflow...

Author(s): Kitessa Delessa Terefe and Jewaria Teera

November 2018

Journal of Public Administration and Policy Research
Value chain and local economic development in the shai-Osudoku district assembly of Ghana: The experience of the Asutuare rice farming project

The article sought to discuss the impact of value chain development and local economic development among rice farmers in Asutuare in the Shai-Osudoku District Assembly of Ghana. The study specifically examined the actors in the rice value chain development process, their roles and how their roles shaped the final output for the consumer and the extent to which the value chain development and local economic development...

Author(s): Akpeko Agbevade  

November 2018

Journal of Accounting and Taxation
Utilization of personal tax relief schemes: An empirical analysis in the context of tax evasion

This study departs from focusing on the level of tax relief utilization by focusing on the factors contributing to the low trends and how utilization of personal tax relief can influence tax evasion from the premises of the Allingham-Sandmo (A-S) theory. This study considered respondents working within the formal sector of Ghana. Data was collected through the use of questionnaire after the stratified sampling technique...

Author(s): Mavis Pobbi, Samuel Gameli Gadzo, Emmanuel Atta Anaman, Philip Yamoah Esse and Holy Kwabla Kportorgbi  

November 2018

Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development
Factors affecting smallholder farmers’ participation in degraded forest rehabilitation practices. The case of Gemachis District, West Hararghe Zone, Oromia Region, Ethiopia

The global forest coverage has declined from year to year due to human and natural factors. To address the problems, different rehabilitation strategies have been implemented through government and community in a coordinated manner. This study investigated factors affecting smallholder farmers’ participation in degraded forest rehabilitation at participatory forest management in Ethiopia. We used two-stage...

Author(s): Asfaw Zewdu and Fekadu Beyene  

November 2018

International Journal of Fisheries and Aquaculture
Is the culture of exotic fish species the answer to low fish productivity? A case study on the use of Oreochromis niloticus in Zambia

The study was conducted in the Copperbelt and North-Western Provinces of Zambia which represented the urban and rural strata respectively. A total of two hundred and forty farmers were randomly sampled from the farmer registers kept by the Department of Fisheries (DOF) in the Ministry of Fisheries and Livestock (MFL), Zambia. The main objective of the survey was to determine the productivity of the exotic fish species...

Author(s): Alexander Shula Kefi and John Mwango  

November 2018

International Journal of Library and Information Science
Proliferation of library and information science schools in Nigeria: Issues at stake and quality control

This paper highlighted the key issues at stake by the proliferation of Library and Information Science schools in Nigeria without due regard to the established standards. In terms of physical infrastructure, location, staffing issues, curriculum, laboratories and programme(s). The paper pointed out the use of other departmental facilities, building, over-relying on institutions’ library staff and part-time...

Author(s): Katamba Abubakar Saka, Salimatu Kashi Garba and Musa Makama Zarmai

November 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Structural and productive characteristics of Cowpea (Vigna ungiculata) under different water availabilities

The cowpea has stood out on the national scene, opening up new perspectives and applications of a more suitable management to ensure quality product. Therefore, it is important to know the responsiveness to the levels of deficit and excess water in the soil. Thus, the aim of the present study was to evaluate the initial development of cowpea plants subjected to different soil water availabilities. The experiment was...

Author(s): Guimarães S. L., Bonfim-Silva E. M., Moreira J. C. F., Silva S. L. S., Bosa C. K., Silva T. J. A. and Koetz M.  

November 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Constraints to private seed sector development in Ethiopia: A case study

The purpose of this assessment was to identify, analyse and document major policies, laws, regulations, administrative practices, governance and institutional setups that constrained private seed sector investment in Ethiopia and identify evidence based alternative solutions to improve the supply of certified seed to small holder farmers and livelihoods in the country. The study was conducted in 2017 in Oromia, Amhara,...

Author(s): Tekeste Kifle and Abebe Atilaw  

November 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Introduction of the Sub1 gene into the Russian rice varieties using the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) methods

Selection done using molecular markers has spread to all types of agricultural plants and animals. Marker assisted selection (MAS) is safe for ecology and food products consumed. The purpose of the study is to develop Sub1A gene (which determines tolerance to prolonged flooding) in the Russian rice varieties using DNA-markers and Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) analysis. A large volume of pre-breeding rice material...

Author(s): Elena V. Dubina, Andrey V. Alabushev, Pavel I. Kostylev, Yuliya A. Makukha, Margarita G. Ruban, Ivan V. Balyasnyi, Le H. Ham, Dinh X. Tu and Le H. Linh  

November 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
The use of plant extracts in anthracnose control in species of Helconia (Heliconia psittacorum cv. Golden Torch and Heliconia rostrata)

The objective of the present study was to assess the anti-fungal activity of medicinal plant extracts on inhibition of Colletotrichum gloesporioides mycelial growth, sporulation and germination and on anthracnose control in Heliconia psitacorum cv. Golden Torch and Heliconia rostrata. Extracts of garlic, lemon grass, cinnamon, lemon balm, eucalyptus, ginger, mint, bitter melon and black pepper were used. The, mycelial...

Author(s): Joicilene Rodrigues Gusmão, Antônia Alice Costa Rodrigues, Luiz Gustavo de Lima Melo, Erlen Keila Candido e Silva, Anna Christina Sanazário de Oliveira, Diogo Herison Silva Sardinha and Heder Braun

November 2018

African Journal of Business Management
The influence of ethnocentrism and Halal trust on attitudes toward products from non-Muslim countries: A study of Moroccan consumers

Several studies show that the consumer ethnocentrism is capable of influencing consumption patterns both in terms of negative impact on consumer attitudes toward foreign products and positive influence on the intention to purchase domestic offers. The study extends the investigation of this research area toward Muslim countries, analysing the impact of interactions between consumer ethnocentrism and halal trust on the...

Author(s): Giada Mainolfi and Riccardo Resciniti  

November 2018

African Journal of Business Management
Exploring the determinants for a successful family entrepreneurship: Empirical evidences from Punjab Province

Family businesses are the main entrepreneurial powers of today in the global economy, but the low survival rate is the main concern all over the world. Family entrepreneurship is the most successful business, where assets, personal involvement, and hired temporary employees help to improve the success of the business. Family businesses contribute about 45-75% to Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and provide job opportunities...

Author(s): Muhammad Shahid Naseer, Muhammad Nazam, Mahmood Ahmad Randhawa, Manzoor Ahamd, Asif Maqbool, Masood Ahmad Khan and Muhammad Umar Ayub  

November 2018

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Epidemiology, prevalence and antibiotic susceptibility profiles of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in farm animals and farm workers in the Central Region of Ghana

Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is one of the most important microorganisms which has increasingly become resistant to most commonly used antimicrobials. This research investigated the epidemiology, nasal carriage prevalence and the antibiotic susceptibility profile of MRSA among farm animals and farm workers in the Central Region of Ghana. A total of 396 nasal swabs were collected from farm animals...

Author(s): Clement Yaw Effah, Nicholas T. K. D. Dayie, Senyo Yao Akorli and Anthony Annan-Prah

November 2018

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Root symbioses in two legume-grass consortia inoculated with soils obtained from degraded coal mining areas in reclamation

The intense exploitation of coal deposits in Southern Brazil has caused severe degradation problems in extensive areas. In order to recover such areas, the use of revegetation with species adapted to disturbed environments and with the capacity to establish mutual relationships with microorganisms have been of great value. The objective of this study is to characterize plant-root symbioses in two grass-legume...

Author(s): Anabel González Hernández, Andressa D. Canei, Diana M. Morales Londoño (In Memoriam), Emanuela Pille da Silva, Francisco Xavier Nascimento, Luiz F. Souza, Beatriz Garcez Freitas da Silva, Edison Cardona, Yohan Fritsche, Aline Martins Cardozo, Michelle Barbosa Teixeira Loss, Admir José Giachini, Rafael Dutra de Armas, Paulo E. Lovato and Cláudio R. Fonsêca Sousa Soares

November 2018

African Journal of Biotechnology
Marker-assisted backcrossing for associating nutritional quality to drought tolerance in barley

Backcross breeding enhanced by marker assisted selection is currently the most powerful method used to transfer one or a few genes controlling specific traits from one line into another. This method was used to cross naked barley variety, “Tombari” known as A, having high nutritional quality with hulled variety, “Giza131” called B, highly tolerant to drought. The objective of this work is to...

Author(s): Amani Ben Naceur, Sameh Mnasri, Hatem Cheikh-M’hamed, Chedly Abdelly and M’barek Ben Naceur  

November 2018

African Journal of Biotechnology
Identification and mapping of quantitative trait loci associated with soybean rust (Phakopsora pachyrhizi) resistance in genotype UG 5

Soybean rust, Phakopsora pachyrhizi, is one of the most serious and widespread foliar diseases of soybean causing high yield losses world-wide. The objective of this study was to identify and map quantitative trait loci (QTLs) resistant to soybean rust in genotype UG 5. Ninety-seven F2 mapping plants, obtained from a cross between Wondersoya and UG 5, were used for this study. Quantitative trait locus analysis using QTL...

Author(s): Hailay Mehari Gebremedhn, Ulemu Mercy Msiska, Miesho Belay Weldekidan, Fentaw Abate Asmamaw, Akech Winnifred, Dramadri Isaac Onziga, Thomas Lapaka Odong, Patrick Rubaihayo and Phinehas Tukamuhabwa

November 2018

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
In vivo efficacy of Dialium guineense fruit pulp on hemeoxygenase-1 and angiotensin converting enzyme in experimental diabetes

The study aims to investigate the effect of aqueous fruit pulp of Dialium guineense on hemeoxygenase, and insulin release, inhibition of angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) and possible hypoglycemia in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats. Twenty four male Wistar rats were grouped into control, diabetic (Dm), diabetic + 300 mg/kg body weight Dialium guineese (Dm+ DG) and diabetic + 100 mg/kg metformin (Dm +MET). Apart...

Author(s): Etah E. Nkanu, Gabriel Ujong, Victoria Okon and Iya Eze Bassey  

November 2018

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Evaluation of the phytochemical composition, antimicrobial and anti-radical activities of Mitracarpus scaber (Rubiaceae)

Mitracarpus scaber is a medicinal plant used in traditional practices for the treatment of dermatoses and liver diseases. The objective of this study was to quantify the content of phenolic compounds and to evaluate the anti-radical and antimicrobial activities of four types of its total extracts on ten microbial strains. The Folin-Ciocalteu method was used to determine total phenol content, condensed tannin content by...

Author(s): Ouadja B., Anani K., Djeri B., Ameyapoh Y.O. and Karou D. S.  

November 2018

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Bio-guided anti-cariogenic and phytochemical valorization of Guiera senegalensis and Pseudocedrela kotschyi stem extracts

The objective of the present study is to carry out bio-guided phytochemical investigation of Guiera senegalensis and Pseudocedrela kotschyi stem extracts. The two plants are used as toothpicks for oral hygiene. The inhibition test revealed a bacteriostatic effect of hexane extract PK1 of P. kotschyi against Streptococcus mutans ATCC 25175 and Streptococcus salivarius ATCC 20560, two bacterial cariogenic strains, with a...

Author(s): Guessan Bi Goblé Landry, , Kadja Amani Brice, Cottet Kevin, Lecouvey Marc, Mamyrbékova-Békro Janat Akhanovna and Békro Yves-Alain  

November 2018

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Evaluation of herbal cocktail used in the treatment of malaria on liver tissue of adult Wistar rats

Interest is renewed in herbal medicine since it is believed it has less side effects and is safer. In addition, there has been continued demand to obtain more drugs from plant sources to alleviate various ailments of mankind. This study is aimed at investigating the antimalarial activity in an herbal cocktail and individual plant extracts contained on Plasmodium berghei in infected Wistar rats. Thirty five Wistar rats...

Author(s): Moronkeji Akinpelu, Eze Ikechi Gerald, Bejide Ronald Ayodele, Anwara Ogbonnaya Akpu and Igunbor Michael Chuks  

November 2018

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Effect of aqueous extract of Ocimum gratissimum on acetaminophen induced renal toxicity in male wistar rats

The need for an alternative means of managing renal toxicity has become necessary instead of kidney transplant. This study investigated the effect of aqueous extract of Ocimum gratissimum (AEOG) on acetaminophen (ACE) induced renal toxicity. Twenty-five male Wistar rats were assigned into five groups (1, 2, 3, 4, and 5) with five rats in each group. Group 1 served as the normal control and received normal saline as...

Author(s): Okerulu Linda, Celestine Ani, Choice Nworgu, Igwe Uzoma, Ugwuishi Emeka and Nwachukwu Daniel  

November 2018

Educational Research and Reviews
Bibliometric analysis of the studies in the field of mathematics education

The purpose of this study is to perform bibliometric analysis of the scientific researches published in mathematics education subject area between 1980 and 2018, to find out the general layout of the scientific knowledge and communication structure of the field using an objective method, driven from the data. The publications were analyzed according to publication year, type of publication, language of publication,...

Author(s): Ali ÖZKAYA

November 2018

Educational Research and Reviews
The effect of pattern-based mathematics education program (PMEP) on 61-72-month-old preschoolers’ early academic and language skills

Pattern activities have a crucial role in supporting early academic and language skills related to cognitive development, as they play a key role in understanding mathematical ideas and relationships, and in understanding the order, logic and concepts of mathematics. From this point of view, the research was conducted to investigate the effect of the Pattern-based Mathematics Education Program on the early academic and...

Author(s): Adalet Kandir, Feride Gök Çolak and Özgün Uyanik Aktulun

November 2018

African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
A novel green approach for the treatment of immature Schistosoma mansoni infection in mice with; Arabic gum (Acacia senegal); an antischistosomal agent

Praziquantel (PZQ), the only common schistosocidal drug in use, is not efficacious for treatment of immature schistosomiasis infection. Arabic gum (AG) is a complex polysaccharide that acts as an anti-oxidant which modulates the inflammatory and/or immunological processes. This study explores for the first time, the antischistosomal properties of AG in mice infected with the immature stage of Schistosoma mansoni (S....

Author(s): Rabab Selem, Samia Rashed, Mohammad Younis, Boshra Hussien, Fatma Mohamed, Awatif Edrees, Asmaa EL-kholy, Gehan Rashed, Shereen Kishik, Ahlam Moharm, Marwa Nageeb and Manal Kardoush  

November 2018

African Journal of Biotechnology
Characterization of fifteen microsatellite loci and genetic diversity analysis for the Ghanaian food security crop Solenostemon rotundifolius (Frafra potato)

Frafra potato (Solenostemon rotundifolius) is an important food crop indigenous to Western Africa and a member of the Labiaceae (mint) family. It is nutrient-rich and drought tolerant; however, despite its potential as a food security crop, it has not received the research support needed to promote its widespread adoption and safeguard its diversity. As a result, Frafra potato is becoming extinct and restricted to...

Author(s): Lichun Hua, Đenita Hadziabdic, Naalamle Amissah, Marcin Nowicki, Sarah L. Boggess, Margaret Staton, Nianjun Teng and Robert N. Trigiano

Page 3 of 1144, showing 50 records out of 57178 total, starting on record 101, ending on 150