Articles

 

Articles

Page 4 of 1241, showing 50 records out of 62009 total, starting on record 151, ending on 200

April 2022

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Antioxidant and antihyperlipidemic activities of unique nicotinyl polysaccharide from the green seaweed Ulva pertusa

Nicotinyl derivative of polysaccharide (NU) from the green seaweed Ulva pertusa (Chlorophyta) has unique structure and strong antioxidant activity in vitro. In the present study, in vivo antioxidant and antihyperlipidemic activities were tested in the livers of hyperlipidemic mice. Activity levels of superoxide dismutase, glutathione peroxidase (GSH-PX), catalase, and malondialdehyde were observed. At the 500 mg/kg...

Author(s): Yuzhou Wan, Xintao Chang, Lin Liu, Shaopeng Wang, Huimin Qi and Fang Yan  

April 2022

Journal of the Nigeria Society of Physiotherapy
Point prevalence and risk factors for work-related musculoskeletal disorders among academic staff in a Nigerian University

Work-Related Musculo-Skeletal Disorder (WRMSD) is a common complaint among the working population. In spite of the keen interest of Nigerian researchers in this subject, there is a dearth of information concerning university academic staff. Yet, this group of workers are critical to high-level manpower development. The aim of this study is to assess the risk factors and determine the point prevalence of WRMSD among...

Author(s): Margaret Bukola Fatudimu, Afolakemi Odekunle and Talhatu Kolapo Hamzat  

April 2022

International Journal of Nursing and Midwifery
Experiences of a long-term female psychiatric in-patient with psychiatric symptoms in Japan

This study aimed to clarify the effects of long-term hospitalization of a psychiatric in-patient on her specific psychiatric symptoms and behaviors to provide suggestions regarding nursing support for in- patients. Unstructured interviews were conducted over several months with a long-term female patient (Ms. A) hospitalized in a psychiatric hospital between August 2017 and 2018. Analysis was performed using descriptive...

Author(s): Emiko Ishida and Akira Ishida  

April 2022

Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health Sciences
Determination of pesticide residue levels in some common food crops: The suitability for human consumption

Indiscriminate use of pesticides to boost agricultural produce and in public health to control pests has raised the emphasis on pesticide residue levels in foods. This study analyzed the pesticides residue levels in some common food crops consumed in Nigeria, and ascertained their suitability for human consumption. The samples were analyzed for the presence of 15 organochlorine and 10 carbamate pesticide residues using...

Author(s): Ujuamala Uloma Ezeani, Onyemaechi Johnson Afonne , Michael Chukwudi Ezeani and Ben Enoluomen Ehigiator  

April 2022

Journal of Ecology and The Natural Environment
Morphological variation in Diospyros mespiliformis (Ebenaceae) among different habitats in Benin, West Africa

Interesting morphological traits in tree organs are essential for selecting the best plant germplasm. Variation in morphometric traits of leaf, fruit and seed of multipurpose tree Diospyros mespiliformis were studied in two climatic zones in Benin using 735 trees from 4 major habitats (provenances) in each climatic zone. Morphological trait measurements were combined with architectural parameters and analyzed using...

Author(s): Gnonlonfin L., Biaou H. and Ouinsavi C. A. I. N.

April 2022

African Journal of Business Management
Investigating the driving forces of the formation of Chinese born global firms

The traditional internationalization process theory posits that firms expand to overseas market after solid domestic firms’ experience. However, from the 1980s, we witnessed a breed of young entrepreneurial firms, which took on internationalization early in their evolution. They are called  ‘Born Globals’. This study presents an integrative conceptual framework and identifies the underlying...

Author(s): Xi Chen

April 2022

African Journal of Plant Science
Identification of drought tolerant finger millet (Eleusine coracana) lines based on morpho-physiological characteristics and grain yield

Drought stress contributes significantly to economic yield losses in finger millet (Eleusine coracana) production. This study evaluated morpho-physiological and agronomic traits among 25 finger millet genotypes for drought tolerance under field conditions. Out of the 25 genotypes, 24 were advanced lines preselected for drought tolerance from ICRISAT, KALRO and Egerton University seed units and one check cultivar P-224....

Author(s): Jael Mwangoe, Paul K. Kimurto and Pascal P. Okwiri Ojwang

April 2022

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Isolation and identification of phytopathogenic bacteria in vegetable crops in West Africa (Côte D’ivoire)

Yield losses in food crops due to plant pathogenic bacteria are significant and increasing over the years. The increasing losses caused by bacterial plant pathology are explained by the emerging resistance of bacteria to the chemical agents used in plant protection. Moreover, these chemical agents harm the environment through residue accumulation leading to soil pollution and the perturbation of the soil's inner...

Author(s): Akoua Emmanuella Adioumani, Solange Kakou-Ngazoa, Trebissou Jonhson Noel David, Thibaud Martin, Audrey Addablah, Aristide Koudou, Kan Stephane Kouassi, Sina K. Mireille, N’golo Coulibaly, S. Aoussi and Mireille Dosso

April 2022

Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics
The impact of socio-economic factors on livestock farmers’ knowledge and skills in the Eastern Cape Province: The case of Marselle farmers

Marselle farmers have continued to struggle to produce effectively despite obtaining free land and funding from the Land Bank. One key challenge thought to be behind this poor performance is the farmers’ lack of proper livestock farming skills and knowledge. This study thus sought to determine the effect of various socio-economic factors on the acquisition of critical livestock rearing skills and knowledge of...

Author(s): Tshuma M. C.  

April 2022

Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytotherapy
Antitumoral effect of Striga hermonthica (Delile) Benth. methanolic extract is mediated by alterations on procaspase-3 and cyclin B expression in prostate cancer cell lines

Cancer is one of the major public health problems of the 21st century. Its incidence is increasing in both developed and low-income countries. This trend is justified by the change in people's lifestyles. Cancer of the prostate is one of major cancer types affecting male population. The present study focused on the use of methanolic extract of Striga hermonthica (Delile) Benth. to evaluate total phenolics and...

Author(s): Mindiédiba Jean BANGOU,, Tangbadioa Hervé COULIDIATI, Aminata P NACOULMA, Abdoulaye SEGDA, Emmanuel AM THIOMBIANO and Georges Anicet OUEDRAOGO,  

April 2022

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology
An analysis of average temperature and elevation on tuberculosis incidence within the Appalachian region

This research has demonstrated conflicting findings related to how environmental factors may affect the spread of tuberculosis (TB). A better understanding of this may have implications for health planning given the changing world climate. This study examines environmental factors, specifically elevation and temperature, demographic and income covariates and their association with TB incidence within the Appalachian...

Author(s): Michaela Gross, Skai Schwartz and Benjamin Jacob  

April 2022

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Herbal medicine development and compliance to regulatory guidelines in Imo State Nigeria

Herbal medicine is an important age-long resource for healthcare. The aim of this study was to determine the development of herbal medicine in relation to compliance to regulatory guidelines and product development in pursuance of the integration of herbal medicine into the healthcare system in Nigeria. Using Imo State as a case study, a cross-sectional investigation was conducted among the Traditional Medicine...

Author(s): Adigwe P. Obi, Builders F. Philip, Ibekwe, N. Nneka and Onavbavba Godspower  

April 2022

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Phytochemical analysis and safety evaluation of ethanol roots extract of Erythrina sacleuxii hua in Wistar albino rats

Erythrina sacleuxii, one of five Erythrina species found in Kenya, is a stiffly multi-branched deciduous tree reported to have antiplasmodial, antifungal, anti-bacterial and anti-cancer activities. This study aimed at evaluating acute and sub-acute oral toxicity of E. sacleuxii roots ethanolic extract. Phytochemical analysis was conducted on Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and Gas Chromatography-Mass...

Author(s): Mwanasiti O. Mwakumanya, Florence A. Ng’ong’a, Mutinda C. Kyama and Esther N. Maina  

April 2022

Journal of Accounting and Taxation
Effects of shifting non tax revenue from Local government authorities to Tanzania Revenue Authority: The case of Morogoro Municipality

The transfer of property tax and billboard fees collection from Local Government Authorities (LGAs) to Tanzania Revenue Authority (TRA) has had drastic consequences for LGAs budgets. This study seeks to examine the effects of shifting the collection of non-tax revenue from LGAs to TRA with reference to Morogoro Municipal Council (MMC). A questionnaire was administered to a sample size of 88 respondents, purposefully...

Author(s): Mohamedi Hussein and John B. Tlegray

April 2022

African Journal of Business Management
Challenges small and medium enterprises (SMEs) face in acquiring loans from commercial banks in Tanzania

Commercial banks in developing economies play an important role in promoting the growth of SMEs through the loan provided since they create conducive environment for their growth and success. The study focuses on investigating the challenges SMEs face in acquiring loans from commercial banks. The study used 120 respondents who were purposively and randomly selected. Both primary and secondary data were used. Data were...

Author(s): Nassoro Gassiah and Jaraj Kikula

April 2022

African Journal of Political Science and International Relations
Presidential election petitions in Ghana: A catalyst for democratic maturity

Ghana’s multiparty democracy continues to attract global attention. While every election comes with its dynamics, it also provides valuable lessons for the country’s democratic maturity. Drawing mainly from desk study and using Linz and Stepan’s three dimensions of democratic consolidation, the study examined how the two presidential election petitions, 2012 and 2020, have catapulted the democratic...

Author(s): Akpeko Agbevade and Desmond Tweneboah-Koduah

April 2022

Journal of General and Molecular Virology
Field deployable Reverse Transcriptase–Recombinase Polymerase Amplification (RT-RPA) for detection of Maize chlorotic mottle virus (MCMV)

Diagnosis of maize lethal necrosis (MLN)-causing viruses is key in MLN surveillance programs and in testing seed for zero tolerance of Maize chlorotic mottle virus (MCMV) in seed lots. This is crucial for MLN management in farmers’ fields and in commercial seed fields. A customized MCMV detection assay that is specific, sensitive, affordable, and portable is therefore important for this task. Reverse...

Author(s): F. M. Mwatuni,, M. G. Redinbaugh, S. Miller, X. Ma, B. N. Aggrey and L. M. Suresh

April 2022

African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
Ethanol extracts of Terminalia catappa leaves and Persea americana seed attenuate renal damage associated with Streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats

Kidney is an essential organ responsible for excretion and detoxification. The use of streptozotocin in rat model experiments has provided rooms for researchers to test the effectiveness of medicinal plants that might possess nephroprotective and antidiabetic properties; so as to help in the treatment of diabetes complications. The study was aimed to evaluate the attenuating effects of ethanol extracts of Taminalia...

Author(s): Peter Folorunsho Ayodele, Olayinka Fisayo Onifade, Olawale Dada Williams, Olaniyi Stephen Omowaye and Mariam Olaide Salimon  

April 2022

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology
Review and thematic analysis of guiding principles for effective crisis communication using social media

Effective crisis communication on social media targets and tailor’s crisis information to influence risk perception and ensures messages are accepted. The aim of the current research is to map the research available and summarize key findings of the guiding principles and strategies for social media-based risk and crisis communication during emerging infectious diseases. North American-focused literature assessing...

Author(s): Melissa MacKay, Jillian Jaworski, Jennifer E. McWhirter, Daniel Gillis and Andrew Papadopoulos

April 2022

Journal of Economics and International Finance
Further insights on monetary transmission mechanism in Nigeria

This study investigated the response of the different monetary policy channels to several macroeconomic variables in Nigeria and established the dominant channel on output from the period of 1986 to 2017 using quarterly data. Variables such as private sector credit, inflation rate, monetary policy rate, exchange rate, all share index and real output were used to carry out this investigation. The study adopted the...

Author(s): Olajide Omowonuola Oyadeyi and Temidayo Akinbobola

April 2022

Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development
Communication strategies employed by the Barangay health workers in promoting reproductive health in Magsaysay, occidental Mindoro

The descriptive research aims to identify the communication strategies employed in promoting topics on Reproductive Health and the communication problems encountered in promoting Reproductive Health information. The study was conducted in selected Barangays in Magsaysay, Occidental Mindoro. This study employed descriptive research method. The sample size was determined by the epinfoTM software with 80% confidence level....

Author(s): Mary Yole Apple Declaro-Ruedas  

April 2022

Journal of Agricultural Biotechnology and Sustainable Development
Knowledge and understanding about genetically modified (GM) crops among smallholder farmers in Northern Ghana

Ghana had made steady progress towards the commercialization of Genetically Modified (GM) crops amidst mounting opposition. This paper presents findings of an empirical study on smallholder farmers’ knowledge and understanding of GM crops. Data used in this study was sourced from a survey conducted among members of Farmer Based Organizations (FBOs) in Northern Ghana in which 120 FBOs across 10 districts in the...

Author(s): Zakaria H., Abujaja A. M, Quainoo A. K. and Obeng F. K.    

April 2022

International Journal of Nursing and Midwifery
Salivary cortisol, postpartum psychological status and bonding attachment

While several studies have investigated how stress-related situations affect cortisol levels, few studies have examined the relationship between cortisol levels and psychological measures related to postpartum psychological status. This study investigated the relationship between salivary cortisol and postpartum psychological status and bonding attachment. This study is a cross-sectional study. Participants were...

Author(s): Atsuko Kawano and Chihoko Sankai  

April 2022

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
In vitro antiproliferative potential of crude extracts from Carica papaya L. (Caricaceae) black seeds against prostate cancer cell lines'

Black seeds from papaya plants are utilized as traditional medicine in African and Asian cultures to improve the functioning of the male reproductive system and management of prostate cancer. This study analyzed the phytochemical composition, antiproliferative activity and cytotoxicity of Carica papaya black seeds against the prostate cancer cells and Vero cells. Phytochemical screening was performed by standard...

Author(s): Benson Mcheza Kateihwa, Hulda Swai, Jeremiah Waweru Gathirwa and Elingarami Sauli  

April 2022

African Journal of Business Management
Disruptive thinking in social entrepreneurship: Challenges and effectiveness

With the emerging field of social entrepreneurship, academicians have raised several research agendas to give a unitary direction to the theoretical groundings and foundations of this concept. The current review is one such attempt to explore the definition of social entrepreneurship and its linkage to social innovation and disruptive thinking. This review aims to understand students’ perspectives and familiarity...

Author(s): MK Agarwal, and Selma Ndiwakalunga Mulunga

April 2022

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Analgesic, anti-inflammatory and oxytocic activities of Dracaena steudneri Engl. stem bark aqueous extract in Wistar rats

Dracaena steudneri Engl. (Dracaenaceae) is a medicinal plant that is used in labour by traditional birth attendants to induce labour, relieve pain and treat various diseases; albeit no documentation. This study determined the analgesic, anti-inflammatory and oxytocic effects of the D. steudneri stem bark aqueous extract. D. steudneri stem bark was collected, authenticated, oven-dried at 45ºC for 48 h, pulverized...

Author(s): Mercy Gladys Tenywa, Amon Ganafa Agaba, Clement Olusoji Ajayi, Casim Umba Tolo and Esther Katuura  

April 2022

Journal of African Studies and Development
Conditions that work: Reconnecting fiscal decentralization to responsiveness in Uganda and Thai Municipal Governments

Globalization puts extra pressure on local governments to be more responsive and accountable. The belief from theory is that with high levels of fiscal autonomy, the elected public officials would be more responsive to allocate resources to the local priority areas determined by citizen interests and preferences. On the face of it, responsiveness reads like the normative outcome of fiscal autonomy in the developing and...

Author(s): Kiwanuka Michael, Pratt Richard Dick and Kamnuanslipa Peersit

April 2022

African Journal of Food Science
Nutrient composition of selected seasonal food delicacies in Malawi

Five locally available seasonal delicacies in Malawi were analysed for their nutrient content. The five delicacies included three insect types, one bird and a plant tuber. The proximate analysis using standard methods of analysis showed that Nomadacris septemdasciata (insect) has the highest protein content (69.78±2.0%) followed very closely by Passer difusus (bird) (67.59±1.2%). The protein content of the...

Author(s): Mac Donald F. Jose, Lesten Eliez C. Chatepa, Felix D. Kumwenda and Peter P. Mumba

April 2022

Journal of African Studies and Development
Improving the quality of Uganda’s decentralization: The unfinished business

This paper focuses on stakeholders’ participation, capacity of players, and fiscal decentralization in Uganda. The authors explore and describe the extent to which the three could be transposed to improve the quality of decentralization in a number of local governments in Uganda. Notable findings revealed high levels and opportunities for participation of stakeholders in local governance, participation still...

Author(s): Kiwanuka Michael, Karyeija Gerald, Namara Rose, Kyohairwe Stella, Kiganda Michael Galukande and Alinda Fred

April 2022

International Journal of English and Literature
Playing cat and dreaming butterfly – Skepticism of Montaigne and Zhuangzi

Many scholars refer to Montaigne and Zhuangzi as “skeptics” because of their opinions on ethics, religion and language. Therefore, a detailed study on their philosophical thinking is conducted in terms of the four branches of modern skepticism: ethical skepticism, linguistic skepticism, epistemological skepticism and sensory skepticism. Then, in order to determine whether Montaigne and Zhuangzi treat...

Author(s): YANG Chen 

April 2022

Journal of Accounting and Taxation
The value relevance of the quality of IFRS-based published financial information of non-financial companies in Nigeria

The study examines whether the quality of international Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) based published financial information in Nigeria increased in the post-IFRS era. The study examines the quality of IFRS-based financial reports in improving the information required from financial statements. In other words, it evaluates the quality of published financial reports after IFRS adoption in Nigeria using annual...

Author(s): Liafisu Sina Yekini, Sunny Oteteya Temile and Dubem Victor Enaruna

April 2022

Journal of Accounting and Taxation
Welfare effect of aid

Developing economies have often relied on developmental finance (aid) in improving the welfare and social being of their citizenry. However, the developmental effect of aid on developing economies has sparked a lot of interest among scholars and policymakers. The objective of the study is to examine the welfare effect of aid in Nigeria for the period of 1981 to 2017. The study employed the autoregressive distributed lag...

Author(s): Fredrick Ikpesu

April 2022

Journal of Accounting and Taxation
Economic and accounting performance of Greek innovative firms through knowledge-based entrepreneurship

In modern industrial sectors, the margins for companies’ development constantly shrink, urging a rise in R and D and various sections’ expenditures. Throughout this phase, the role of innovative firms has submerged, especially via the knowledge-based entrepreneurship. Knowledge-based entrepreneurship can potentially benefit companies performing in the high-tech sectors, in terms of economic performance and...

Author(s): Toudas Kanellos and Kanellos Nikos

April 2022

Journal of Accounting and Taxation
Simplification factors addressing tax systemic complexity during tax reform periods: Evidence from the Greek tax system

Tax procedures have increased due to the expansion of international trade opportunities, administrative strategies and technology. As a result, tax complexity increases and burdens citizens, enterprises and tax authorities. Traditional causes of complexity are found in political instability, legislation, central and operational planning. The interpretation of legislation greatly affects tax awareness; thus, information...

Author(s): Karagiorgos Alkiviadis, Lazos Grigoris, Lois Petros, Katsifas Dimitrios and Kasiouli Maria

April 2022

Journal of Accounting and Taxation
Board-diversity, audit committee characteristics and earnings management: Family versus non-family controlled firms

This study examines the impact of board diversity, audit committee attributes, and the interaction of family ownership on earnings manipulation. The study employs the Caylor and Roy Chowdhury models to quantify accrual and real earnings management, respectively, in a developing country setting. Data was collected from non-financial organization operating in Bangladesh during the period from 2011 to 2019. Furthermore,...

Author(s): Uddin Mohammad Helal,

March 2022

Educational Research and Reviews
The level of social acceptance of children with autism spectrum disorder integrated in regular schools from the point of view of parents and teachers in Jordan

The present study aimed to determine the level of social acceptance of children with autism spectrum who are integrated into regular schools from the parents’ and teachers' perspectives in Jordan. The researcher built a scale of social acceptance of children with an autism spectrum disorder. It consists of (34) items distributed in three dimensions; it was applied to an exploratory sample from outside the...

Author(s): Feryal Abdel-Hadi Al-Shenikat

March 2022

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Novel Alleles 8 and 9 Strains of Mycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides circulating in South East Nigeria and Comparison with Vaccine Reference Strain T1/44

Control of contagious bovine pleuropneumonia (CBPP) is difficult in Nigeria due to lack of sufficient data. Mycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides is the causative organism of CBPP. This disease is endemic in Nigeria with serious economic impact. This study was undertaken to characterize M. mycoides subsp. mycoides (Mmm) in cattle in south-east Nigeria using single-locus sequence analysis based on polymorphism analysis of...

Author(s): Kingsley C. Anyika, Livinus T. Ikpa, Elayoni Igomu, Paul I. Ankeli, Pam D. Luka, Kenneth I. Ogbu,  Ishaku S. Bata, Olabode P. Mayowa and Usman A. Rayyanu

March 2022

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Influence of phosphorus-solubilizing microorganisms and phosphate amendments on pearl millet growth and nutrient use efficiency in different soils types

Two greenhouse growth trials were performed to assess inoculation with phosphorus (P)-solubilizing microorganisms (PSM) in combination with alternative sources of phosphate in pearl millet (Pennisetum glaucum) cultivation: One using sandy soil and the other using clayey soil. The treatments comprised five P sources, with or without inoculation with PSM B119 (Bacillus megaterium) and B2084 (Bacillus subtilis) strains....

Author(s): Flávia Cristina dos Santos, Denise Pacheco dos Reis, Eliane Aparecida Gomes, Daniela de Azevedo Ladeira, Antônio Carlos de Oliveira, Izabelle Gonçalves Melo, Fabiane Ferreira de Souza, Bianca Braz Mattos, Cleide Nascimento Campos and Christiane Abreu de Oliveira-Paiva

March 2022

Educational Research and Reviews
Influence of marital communication on family stability of married teachers in Nsukka education zone

This study examined the influence of marital communication on the family stability of married teachers in the Nsukka Education Zone of Enugu State. It was guided by two research questions and two hypotheses. The population comprised 1688 married teachers in Nsukka Education Zone secondary schools. A correlation design was adopted for the study. The sample was 455 respondents. Proportionate stratified sampling techniques...

Author(s): Joachim Chinweike Omeje, Benedeth Lebechi Ugwu and Chinenye Ifeoma Ogidi

March 2022

African Journal of Food Science
Effects of charcoal kiln and microwave oven drying techniques on the chemical and thermal characteristics of tomato and yam slices

Most drying equipment required constant electricity, which is rarely available in Sub-Saharan African countries for local farmers. In order to reduce postharvest loss, it is important to develop and use alternative equipment that is cheap and does not require electricity. The aim of this study was to compare the charcoal kiln oven and microwave oven on the drying characteristics of tomato and yam slices, as well as the...

Author(s): Chibuzo S. Nwankwo, James T. Mbachiantim, Victor O. Olanegan, Okpomor O. Endurance, Carew E. Irene, Chigozie F. Okoyeuzu, Belay Dereje and Abebe Teshome

March 2022

African Journal of Food Science
Effect of chitosan coatings on quality and shelf-life of chicken and quail eggs

In this study, chitosan-coatings were prepared with acetic, lactic, propionic, gallic and caffeic acids and used for coating chicken and quail eggs to understand their effect on the quality and shelf-life of chicken and quail eggs. Shelf-life study of (weight loss, Haugh unit, yolk index, albumen pH, mineral levels and shell breaking strength) the coating formulations were investigated for 4 weeks. All chitosan coated...

Author(s): Esin Derelioglu and Özlem Turgay

March 2022

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Diversity and distribution of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi associated to Bambara groundnut (Vigna subterranea (L.) Verdcourt) in Benin

Bambara groundnut, despite its attributes in providing protein to human, is facing soil fertility and degradation problems, always leading to little performances. Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) constitute a microorganism group used by many researchers to improve productivity of crops in poor soils. This study aimed to evaluate the distribution and diversity of AMF associated to Bambara groundnut in different...

Author(s): Leslie-Dolorès Raïssa BOSSOU, Fatioulaye MAMA, Appolinaire ADANDONON, Mahougnon Charlotte Carmelle ZOUNDJI, Moriaque Tobi AKPLO and Pascal HOUNGNANDAN,

March 2022

Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development
Effects of stakeholder interaction in REDD+ implementation: The case of two forest districts in Ghana

The study adopted a qualitative approach and relied enormously on primary data obtained through interviews and focus group discussions to assess the type of interaction and its effects in the implementation of the REDD+ initiative in two forest districts in Ghana. The country’s involvement in REDD+ began in 2008 and received approval in 2010. Many partners from civil society, private sector, government,...

Author(s): Gladys Nkrumah and Kwame Ameyaw Domfeh

March 2022

African Journal of Mathematics and Computer Science Research
Calculation of a class of Gaussian integrals: Derivation of payoff at expiry for European option

This work deals with the calculation of a class of Gaussian integral of the form  where  Completing the squares of the exponential and changing variables led to the solution  where  denotes the cumulative standard normal distribution function. An equation which corresponds to pay-off at expiry for European option was derived. Key words: Gaussian integral, Euler-Poisson integral, multivariable...

Author(s): Joy Ijeoma Adindu-Dick  

March 2022

African Journal of Biotechnology
Assessment of proximal, mineral composition and content of vitamin A and C of leaves and flowers from Lippia multiflora vegetable in Benin

Lippia multiflora is a plant whose leaves and flowers are used as a food in Benin, so it is important to determine the nutritional properties of leaves and flowers of L. multiflora. Biochemical analyses for the determination of macronutrients, mineral salts and vitamins A and C on leaves and flowers of this leaf vegetable were done. The result indicates that the contents in leaves and flowers are, respectively:...

Author(s): Hihoto Wilfrid Djengue, Arlette Adjatin, Rock Djehoue, Zaki Bonou-gbo, Codjo Tiburce Odjo, Zinsou Com Koukpo, Arsène Jacques Fassinou, Gérard Tiko, Hyacinthe Ahissou and Alexandre Dansi

March 2022

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Shading effects on the yield, quality, and sucrose-metabolizing enzyme activity of sweet corn during filling stage

Two low-light sensitive varieties of sweet corn (Zea mays L.), cultivars Xiantian 5, and Huazhen, were subjected to different shading-intensity treatments during the grain-filling stage in a field experiment in order to clarify physiological mechanisms of lowlight effects on the yield, quality, and sucrose-metabolizing enzyme activity of sweet corn. The results showed that under weak light stress (50% light...

Author(s): Fu-cheng Zhao, He-ping Tan, Li-quan Jing, Hai-liang Han, Fei Bao, Wei-ping Lu and Gui-yue Wang  

March 2022

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Assessment of water yam (Dioscorea alata L.) landrace varieties for resistance to anthracnose disease

Yam anthracnose disease (YAD), caused by the fungus Colletotrichum gloeosporioides Penz, is the most damaging fungal disease of Dioscorea alata yam worldwide. Local yam varieties, which sustain Côte d'Ivoire’s farmers and other end-users livelihoods, are highly susceptible to this pathogen. Thus, there is a need for developing new yam cultivars to sustain yam production in Côte d'Ivoire. To...

Author(s): Lassana BAKAYOKO, Désiré N’Da POKOU, Brice Sidoine ESSIS, Amani Michel KOUAKOU, Konan Evrard Brice DIBI, Abou Bakari KOUASSI, Boni N’ZUE, Tchimon Timothée KOUTOUAN, Goli Pierre ZOHOURI, Assanvo Simon Pierre N’GUETTA, Paterne AGRE, Jean Mubalama MONDO, and Patrick ADEBOLA  

March 2022

African Journal of Agricultural Research
An assessment of tomato production practices among rural farmers in major tomato growing districts in Malawi

Tomato is one of the most commonly grown vegetables in Malawi. However, considerable attention has not been given for its production and marketing aspects among smallholder farmers. Therefore, this study was conducted in six major tomato growing districts in Malawi with the objective of identifying production and marketing practices and constraints affecting tomato productivity. Semi structured questionnaires were...

Author(s): Eviness Pemphero Nyalugwe, Charles Malidadi and Hilda Kabuli  

March 2022

Journal of Accounting and Taxation
Complexity of costing systems, integrated information technology and retail industry performance

The evolution of technology, mandated the innovation numerous and different functions within the economic unit. Cost systems are also included to these system upgrades, since detailed planning regarding expenses greatly impacts the economic stability and sustainability of an organization. Therefore, the combined utility derived from use of cost data and information systems; after taking into consideration each unique...

Author(s): Alkiviadis Karagiorgos, Grigoris Lazos, Dimitrios Katsifas and Christina Tsoka

March 2022

International Journal of Water Resources and Environmental Engineering
Supplying drinking water to rural households through trickle fill and decentralized cisterns

Many rural households do not have access to treated drinking water. However, some households may be in regions where a water treatment plant has excess capacity to supply some additional households. In such circumstances, small diameter low-pressure supply systems can be connected to major transmission lines to give these households access to water. These typically occur in locations that do not belong to recognized...

Author(s): Aaron Janzen, Gopal Achari, Samantha Irwin and Mohammed Dore  

Page 4 of 1241, showing 50 records out of 62009 total, starting on record 151, ending on 200