Articles

 

Articles

Page 4 of 1221, showing 50 records out of 61005 total, starting on record 151, ending on 200

June 2021

African Journal of Plant Science
Viral synergism and its role in management of maize lethal necrosis disease

Maize lethal necrosis disease (MLND) in Kenya has been reported to be caused by a coinfection between a non-potyvirus Maize chlorotic mottle virus (MCMV) and a potyvirus Sugarcane mosaic virus (SCMV). The control of the disease in Kenya has been a challenge owing to the synergistic interactions that exist between the two viruses. This study, sought to determine the stage of synergism between the two viruses and its role...

Author(s): Robert K. Leitich, Jackson C. Korir, John O. Muoma and Dennis O. Omayio

June 2021

African Journal of Mathematics and Computer Science Research
Convergences and numerical analysis of a contact problem with normal compliance and unilateral constraint

This paper represents a continuation of a previous study on “Analysis of a Sliding Frictional Contact Problem with Unilateral Constraint”. This study considers a mathematical model which describes the equilibrium of an elastic body in frictional contact with a moving foundation. The contact is modeled with a multivalued normal compliance condition with unilateral constraints, associated to a sliding version...

Author(s): Yahyeh Souleiman  

June 2021

Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health Sciences
Deep-sea coral Lophelia pertusa laboratory maintenance and exposure to barite using water recirculation systems

Drilling activities usually discharge large quantities of fluids and drill cuttings, which are composed of fine particles, such as barite, that can physically affect Lophelia pertusa. An experiment to assess the effects of barite smothering on L. pertusa was conducted with a water recirculation system. The corals were collected in Santos Basin, Brazil. The experiment was conducted in 23 L cone-shaped aquaria, adapted...

Author(s): Ian Vianna da Rocha, Estéfane Cardinot Reis, Priscila Reis da Silva, Guarani de Hollanda Cavalcanti, Ricardo Coutinho and Marcia Vieira Reynier  

June 2021

Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development
Women’s empowerment: A gender outcome of an improved agriculture health and nutrition project in Zambia and Malawi

HIV Aids has had a major impact on resource-limited African rural Sub-Saharan communities, especially upon women who typically experience greater gender inequity, have fewer assets and greater food insecurity and vulnerability. Coordinated interventions in crop productivity, nutrition, AIDS treatment, and livelihood security can have significant positive impacts on individuals and households; however their impact upon...

Author(s): Amare Tegbaru, John G. Fitzsimons, and Therese Gondwe  

June 2021

African Journal of Biotechnology
Imaging from anatomic to molecular and atomic resolution scales: A review

Imaging may be referred to as the ‘eyes of science’ as it provides scientists with highly informative multi-dimensional and multi-parameter data usually invisible to the naked eye. As instrumentation technologies and genetic engineering advances, it’s possible in modern times to observe and image highly dynamic biochemistry processes. This paper reviews positron emission tomography (PET), magnetic...

Author(s): Kamweru, Paul Kuria

June 2021

Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development
Do agricultural research and rural extension organizations satisfy households’ agricultural demands? Evidence from maize growers in Sussundenga district, Mozambique

This paper compares the supply and demand of agricultural technologies related to maize crop in Sussundenga district, Mozambique. The field work was carried out in February and March 2018 and comprises of a survey of 140 households’ maize growers, interviews with 15 agricultural technicians and six focus group meetings (four with maize growers and two with agricultural technicians). Data analysis was done using...

Author(s): Sérgio Feliciano Come, José Ambrósio Ferreira Neto, Eunice Paula Armando Cavane  

June 2021

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Response of hot pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) to major fungal diseases under field and greenhouse conditions in Horo Guduru Wollega, Oromia, Ethiopia.

Hot pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) is a national spice and vegetable of Ethiopia, produced as a cash crop. Biotic and abiotic stresses are very common throughout the pepper producing area of the country.  Diseases are the major constraint to hot pepper production. An experimental trial was conducted at Harato Research site, Wollega University, Ethiopia to evaluate the reaction of five hot pepper varieties (Mareko...

Author(s): Beka Biri and Pichiah Gomathinayagam  

June 2021

African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
A prospective study on assessment of clinically potential drug-drug interactions in hospital and community pharmacy prescriptions

Drug-drug interaction or simply term drug interactions may be defined as the combining of two or more drugs such that the potency or efficiency of one drug is significantly modified by the presence of another. Potential drug-drug interactions (DDIs) are concern for patients and providers, as multiple medication use is becoming more common to manage complex diseases. The consequences of DDIs can range from no untoward...

Author(s): Clement Kabakama, Rangadham Pydimarri and Sivasankaran Ponnusankar  

June 2021

Educational Research and Reviews
Aksak rhythm studies in distance piano education with use of Midi

As a result of the impact of the Covid 19 epidemic, the use of alternative mass media has become mandatory in the field of education, as in many areas, and this has led to the search for a new approach to education. In this context, communication problems may occur during rhythm practice in distance piano lessons that are conducted synchronously. Because of these potential problems, the aim of this study is to determine...

Author(s): Tugba Caglak Eker

June 2021

Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development
Effectiveness of bylaws in supporting sustainable crop intensification: A case of potato farming in Southwestern Uganda

The study assessed the effectiveness of formal and informal bylaws in supporting sustainable crop intensification in potato farming regions of Southwestern Uganda. An exploratory case-study descriptive design was adopted, involving both qualitative and quantitative approaches. The study relied on data from the review of the existing formal and informal bylaws on sustainable crop intensification, key informant...

Author(s): Makuma-Massa Henry, Paul Kibwika, Paul Nampala, Victor Manyong and Mastewal Yami  

June 2021

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Resistance profile of Salmonella isolated from food sold in the streets of N'Djamena, Chad

The preparation and sale of street foods is booming in African cities in general and especially in N’Djamena. However, the hygienic failures observed during this activity constitute a source of contamination of these foods. The objective of this work is to determine the different serotypes of Salmonella isolated from food sold in the streets of N’Djamena in Chad and to test their sensitivity...

Author(s): Mayoré Atéba Djibrine, Bessimbaye Nadlaou, Bodering Alain, Evariste Bako, Abdelsalam Tidjani and Nicolas Barro

June 2021

Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health Sciences
Hepatotoxic and neurotoxic effects of combined lead and di-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate exposure: Activation of total -, Ca2+- and Na+K+- ATPases in the liver of male rats

Lead and di-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) are common environmental toxicants of concern around the world. Although effects of individual exposures to both agents are well documented, there is a dearth of information on the effects of co-exposure to both agents. In this study, combined exposure to lead and DEHP was investigated for effects on ATPase activities in the liver, brain and kidney tissues of rats. Male albino...

Author(s): Esther Omugha Abam, Seun Elizabeth Kuyooro, Shawai Abubakar and Esther Chineyenwa Dim  

June 2021

African Journal of Biotechnology
Vigna radiata (mung bean) acid phosphatase is difficult to purify and may have a role as a vegetative Storage protein

Acid phosphatase from mung bean (Vigna radiata) germinated seeds was partially purified via ammonium sulfate precipitation and fully purified via gel excision and heat denaturation, yielding a 29 kDa protein. Using 4-nitrophenylphosphate as a substrate, Vmax and Km values of 0.10 µmol/min and 0.27 mM, respectively, were obtained. The acid phosphatase was heat resistant, enhanced by the presence of Fe2+ and Mn2+...

Author(s): Hailey Elizabeth Lightle, Sarah Anne Fosco, Rachel Nicole Giles, Jordyn Marie Meekma, Nicole Marie Moore, Megan Vawn Palacio and Suzanne Elisabet Williams

June 2021

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Prevalence and factors associated with Staphylococcus aureus nasal colonisation in orthopaedic patients at a tertiary care hospital in Kenya

Staphylococcus aureus is an important organism in orthopaedic practice as it is the most common cause of orthopaedic infections including surgical site infections (SSIs), osteomyelitis and septic arthritis. Carriers of S. aureus are predisposed to developing invasive staphylococcal infections. Knowledge of a patient’s carrier status before surgery together with interventions to eliminate the carrier state have...

Author(s): David Githiomi Mwaura, Sitati Fred Chuma and Edward Gakuya

June 2021

African Journal of Plant Science
Conservation agriculture-based Zea mays (maize)-Phaseolus vulgaris (common bean) cropping systems in South Central Ethiopia

Conservation agriculture (CA) is defined as sustainable agriculture production system comprising a set of farming practices. The experiment was conducted at three districts from 2011 to 2016 at five farmers’ field they considered as replicate. The experiment consisted of five treatments (continuous sole maize, maize bean rotation, maize-bean inter-cropping, bean rotation under CA and farmer practice). Maize yield...

Author(s): Goshime Muluneh Mekasha, Solomon Admassu Seyoum, Walter Tamuka Mupangwa, Alemayehu Zemede Lemma, Haimanot Beruk Senbeta, Mamud Aman Tello, Mesele Haile Onu and Tesfaye Hailu Estifanose

June 2021

African Journal of Food Science
Meat quality status and postharvest handling practices along the meat value chain in Kenya

In Kenya, meat value chain (MVC) is an important component of the food supply chain serving as a source of nutrients and income. However, information regarding processing practices, hygiene and equipment use as affecting meat quality still remains unclear despite its relevance for data and for assessment for development of meat quality in the meat trade. Therefore, a cross sectional survey of selected slaughterhouses...

Author(s): Catherine Kunyanga, David Edgar Kimani and Grace Werikhe

June 2021

African Journal of Business Management
Internal control practices and health service delivery in local governments of Uganda

The main aim of this study was to examine the extent to which internal control practices affected health service delivery in Rukungiri District. The research adopted a case study design using both quantitative and qualitative approaches. The target population was 140 key stakeholders that lived and worked in Rukungiri District and a sample size of 104 was drawn from the target population. Our findings from the...

Author(s): Catherine Asiimwe, David Namanya and Geoffrey Nuwagaba  

June 2021

Journal of Geography and Regional Planning
Transit oriented development in medium cities in Africa: Experiences from Kisumu, Kenya

Transit Oriented Development (TOD) is a planned area with land use that has optimal reach of public transport by urban populace it serves. Availability and accessibility of public transport minimizes reliance of use by private users and this is the cardinal rule of TOD Principles have been developed that provide a framework for understanding TOD. Kisumu is used as a case study in exploring these principles and their...

Author(s): George M. Onyango and Fredrick O. Owino

June 2021

Journal of Media and Communication Studies
‘Sanitized, made to lie supine and left fanged!’ The final version of the 2010 Protection of State Information Bill / Secrecy Bill, and its threats to the civil liberty of freedom of expression in South Africa

Whilst the African National Congress (ANC, 2011) at the helm of the current South African government may have succeeded towards the end of 2013 in using its majority voting clout inside the country’s national parliament to forcibly push through the passing of the controversial and now infamous 2010 Protection of State Information Bill / Secrecy Bill, and thereafter declared it tame enough and ready to be gazetted...

Author(s): Luthuli Siboniso Prosper Welcome

June 2021

Journal of Law and Conflict Resolution
A counterbalance between the unions’ right to disclosure of information and the employers’ right to the privacy or confidentiality of information

The issue of disclosure of information during negotiations has been a concern to both unions and employers. Unions have the right to have access to information that is in possession of the employer, while the employer has the right to refuse to disclose such information if the disclosure will affect their privacy or if the information requested is confidential and the disclosure will negatively impact on the competitive...

Author(s): Tenza Mlungisi Ernest

May 2021

Educational Research and Reviews
Investigation of knowledge and usage levels of problem-solving strategies of prospective classroom teachers

Today, it is important how much individuals acquire knowledge and use this theoretical knowledge in their daily life. A qualified training program is expected to train individuals who can solve problems. The prospective classroom teachers, who are expected to train individuals who can solve problems, should also have knowledge about the problem-solving process and applying it to the problem situations that they face in...

Author(s): Emine Ozdemir and Burcu Sezginsoy Seker

May 2021

Educational Research and Reviews
Discourses in ICT integration: Pedagogical orientations in selected city primary schools in Uganda

This study sought to recognize the tricky keystones in the execution of the amalgamation of ICT usage during teaching and learning in Ugandan city primary schools in Kampala focusing on the cumbersomeness teachers face while employing modern ICT tools and pedagogical experiences. A mixed research design with compliments from questionnaires, interviews and classroom observations was employed in the study to obtain data...

Author(s): Muweesi Charles, Lou Shizhou, Nakonde Justine, Jerome Kotira Salome, Tomusange Robert and Sserwadda Lawrence

May 2021

Educational Research and Reviews
The effect of phenomenon-based learning approach on students' metacognitive awareness

This study aims to determine the effect of learning activities conducted in accordance with the phenomenon-based learning approach on the metacognitive awareness level of students. Pre-test and post-test control group design of the experimental method was used. The application of the study was carried out in a sample of 60 students studying in the 7th grade of middle school in the 2019-2020 academic year. While...

Author(s): Esref AKKAS and Cevat EKER

May 2021

Journal of Dryland Agriculture
Effects of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi on growth and phosphorus uptake of maize (Zea mays L.) at different levels of soil phosphorus and soil moisture

Studies have shown arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) enhance phosphorus (P) uptake and drought tolerance in maize (Zea mays L.) grown in semiarid soils. However, little is known regarding the contribution of AMF to maize treated with different levels of phosphorus and grown in different soil moisture levels. This study was conducted to determine the effects of AMF (Glomus fasciculatum) inoculation on growth and P...

Author(s): Bouzeriba T.B Alsunuse, Mehjin A.M Al-Ani, Mikaeel Y. Faituri, Dennis S. Ashilenje, Ahmed A. Alawami and Peter D. Stahl  

May 2021

African Journal of Medical and Health Sciences
Prevalence of diaper rash and associated factors among babies aged 0 to 24 months in Adama Administrative City, Central Ethiopia: A cross sectional study

The objective of this study was to assess the prevalence of diaper rash and identify associated factors with diaper rash among children between 0 and 24 months of age in Adama Ethiopia. A cross-sectional study was conducted with mothers using structured questionaries during face to face interview to assess risk factors associated with diaper rash. Data were analyzed using SPSS version 21 and Chi-square test was used to...

Author(s): Siraj Jewaro, Yemane G. Mariam and Belay Ali  

May 2021

African Journal of Biotechnology
Precise assessment of angular leaf spot severity using the Leaf Doctor app for common beans

Angular leaf spot (ALS) is one of the most severe diseases of common bean. However, there is as yet no standardization of the phenological stage, inoculum concentration, diagrammatic scale (DS), and day of assessment for screening ALS resistance in bean lines. The present study aimed to evaluate the potential for assessment of ALS severity in common beans using the Leaf Doctor app and inoculation at the V2 phenological...

Author(s): Caléo Panhoca de Almeida, Gabriel Francesco Janini Bonfante, Jean Fausto de Carvalho Paulino, Bianca Cristina de Deus, Flávia Rodrigues Alves Patrício, Sérgio Augusto Morais Carbonell, Alisson Fernando Chiorato and Luciana Lasry Benchimol-Reis

May 2021

Journal of Parasitology and Vector Biology
Community implementation of human landing and non-human landing collection methods for Wuchereria bancrofti vectors

In the drive towards elimination of lymphatic filariasis, enhanced surveillance of vector mosquitoes requires sound sampling methods which can be easily implemented and accepted by communities. Several tools have been validated as alternatives to human landing catches (HLC) for this purpose, but little is known about their effectiveness compared to HLC in terms of the vector density patterns. This study aimed at...

Author(s): Simon P. Sawadogo, Achille S. Nikièma, Sanata Coulibaly, Lassane Koala, Abdoulaye Niang, Clarisse Bougouma, Roland W. Bougma, Olivier Gnankine, Frances M. Hawkes, Daniel Boakye and Roch K. Dabiré  

May 2021

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Constraints to banana (Musa spp) production in Beni territory of North-Kivu, Democratic Republic of Congo

The objective of this study was to characterize the banana production systems and to identify the constraints it faces. A questionnaire survey and field observations were carried out with banana producers. At the end of the surveys, three main banana production systems were found: Monoculture (10%), banana-food crops intercropping (7%) and agroforestry (83%). In addition, four types of banana (cooking banana, plantain,...

Author(s): Balimwacha Mukulu Evariste, Kambale Muyisa Musongora and Katembo Vikanza Paul  

May 2021

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Production of indigenous poultry among smallholder farmers in Tigania West Meru County, Kenya

The study was conducted to evaluate factors that significantly influence indigenous poultry production among smallholder farmers in Tigania west Mer County using the production function approach. The study relied on primary data collected by administering structured questionnaires to 359 respondents randomly selected from 5 wards using the multi stage stratified random sampling and probability proportionate to size...

Author(s): Evans Mwiti Mathiu, Samuel Njiri Ndirangu and Samuel Chege Mwangi  

May 2021

Journal of Clinical Medicine and Research
Electrocardiogram parameters in patients with hypertensive heart failure in Abakaliki, South-Eastern Nigeria

Hypertension and Hypertensive Heart Failure (HHF) constitutes a growing burden of non-communicable forms of cardiovascular disease (CVD) in Africa. This work was designed to investigate Electrocardiogram (ECG) parameters in HHF subjects. A cross-sectional study involving 100 subjects of equal number of HHF and normal subjects were used. Questionnaires were administered; socio-demographic and medical profiles of the...

Author(s): Njoba Sunday, Ani Celestine, Uzoigwe Zona, Okeke Adaobi, Ugwuchukwu Nnaemeka, Anyaeji Pamela, Odoh Chikaodili, Ndubuisi Augustine, Nworgu Choice, Ikwuka David, Ugwu Princewill, Ugwudike Patrick and Nwachukwu Daniel  

May 2021

African Journal of Biotechnology
Synthesis, physicochemical and antimicrobial properties of rhenium (I) tricarbonyl complexes of isatin Schiff bases

The Schiff base of isatin and sulphanilamide (L1; C14H11N3O3S) was prepared and reacted with Re(CO)5X (X = Cl and Br) in toluene to give [Re(C14H10N2O)(CO)3X] (X = Cl, 1 and X = Br, 2). The prepared Schiff base of isatin and 4-methoxyaniline (L2; C15H12N2O2) was reacted with Re(CO)5X in toluene to give [Re(C14H10N2O)(CO)3X], where X = Cl, 3 and X = Br, 4. L2 and Re(CO)5Br were refluxed in dry toluene under nitrogen and...

Author(s): Adebomi A. Ikotun, Abimbola A. Owoseni and Gabriel O. Egharevba  

May 2021

Educational Research and Reviews
A resource recommendation for improving musical expression and narration in piano education: An examination of loeschhorn op. 65 etudes

This current study primarily focuses on the contribution of the etudes, which have a significant role in piano education, to musical expression and narration improvement. Starting from this point of view, Op. 65 etudes by Albert Loeschhorn which were released as studies for improving technical and musical expression and with the aim of being used in different stages of piano education were investigated. According to...

Author(s): Akgül Alper

May 2021

Journal of Media and Communication Studies
Media usage profile of adolescents in varied economic background

Media plays an important role in social development and teenagers are the future of the society. This study made an attempt to elicit responses from teenagers on media content by projecting questions such as; what kind of content are teenagers viewing/reading mostly? What are their favourite programmes; Do they search for any information about nutrition and health related matters? What is the primary source of...

Author(s): Maheshwar Mekam, Sylvia Fernandez Rao, Jagdish Buwade, Narender Karnam and Balakrishna Nagalla  

May 2021

Journal of Media and Communication Studies
‘Clickbait-style’ headlines and journalism credibility in Sub-Saharan Africa: Exploring audience perceptions

In the proliferated age of technologies, the field of journalism has been faced with several challenges that have inevitably pushed journalism practice to unpreceded heights. Overtly, journalists have resorted to various strategies to compete with various media platforms such as social media and other citizen journalistic strategies. Journalists have also resorted to the use of advertising/strategic communication...

Author(s): Judith Flora Wanda Baraka Samson Chipanjilo, Gregory Gondwe and Joseph Kerunga

May 2021

Journal of Geology and Mining Research
Preliminary investigation on the quality of amasiri sandstone (Southeastern Nigeria) as construction material

The need to source for local construction materials that are appropriate for the massive developmental projects in Ebonyi State, southeastern Nigeria, has necessitated sampling and testing of the Maastrichtian Amasiri Sandstone in the Akpoha area of the state. Petrographic analysis and aggregate tests were conducted on six samples randomly selected from the rock deposit underlying the area. The petrographic analysis...

Author(s): Chioma Elizabeth Nwimo, Modestus Chijioke Ohaegbulem, Okechukwu Pius Aghamelu, Nonyelum Stella Iloanya and Chijioke Martin Nwachukwu

May 2021

African Journal of Biotechnology
Production of truncated peptide (cellobiohydrolase Cel6A) by Trichoderma reesei expressed in Escherichia coli

Enzymatic cellulose hydrolysis is an important step for the production of second-generation biofuels. The filamentous fungus Trichoderma reesei is among the most important organisms for obtaining cellulolytic enzymes. The Cel6A (CBH II) cellulase from T. ressei plays an important role in cellulose hydrolysis and acts on the non-reducing end of cellulose, in contrast to Cel7B (CBH I), which acts on the reducing end of...

Author(s): Miriam Shirley Tellez Calzada, Juan Antonio Rojas Contreras, Jesus Bernardo Paez Lerma, Nicolas Oscar Soto Cruz and Javier López Miranda

May 2021

African Journal of Biotechnology
Quantification and characterization of faecal sludge produced in Kara

In Kara (Togo), as in most major sub-Saharan African cities, there is very little sewerage and autonomous systems are the most commonly used. These autonomous systems produce faecal sludge that must be drained and treated adequately in order to preserve the health of the population and protect the environment. Indeed, the risks are real, given the use of fresh faecal sludge in agriculture and the potential dangers of...

Author(s): Piyabalo KODOM, Edem Komi KOLEDZI, Nitale M’Balikine KROU, Kwamivi N. SEGBEAYA and Bouwèdèo TOI BISSANG

May 2021

African Journal of Biotechnology
A rapid detection method on-site for Zygosaccharomyces based on loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) combined with a lateral flow dipstick (LFD)

The Zygosaccharomyces is notorious for its remarkable spoilage characteristics. In the present study, the visual and rapid identification of the genus Zygosaccharomyces was performed by a loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) assay using specific primers in Mini Dry Bath within 30 min at 65°C followed by a lateral flow dipstick (LFD) detection. The sensitivity evaluation revealed LAMP-LFD assay with...

Author(s): Yang Liu≠, Jun Wu≠, Li-Qing Chen, Ya Shi, Hong-Xia Zhao, Wei Chen, Hong Li and Lu-Ping He,

May 2021

International Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism
Stunting, feeding practice and its associated factors among children age from 6-59 months in Ziway Dugda Woreda, Arsi Zone, Oromia Region, Ethiopia

Adequate nutrition is vital to children’s growth and development. Globally, about 155 million children were stunted. About half of the child's mortality was related to child malnutrition in developing countries, including Ethiopia. This study aimed to assess the prevalence of stunting, feeding practice, and associated factors among children age 6 to 59 months in Zeway Dugda district in 2019. A community-based...

Author(s): Meless Gebrie and Antenh Benti

May 2021

Journal of Parasitology and Vector Biology
Application of linear regression models in predicting the density of Glossina fuscipes fuscipes (Diptera: Glossinidae) in Kajo-keji County, Central Equatoria State, South Sudan

Glossina fuscipes fuscipes remain the main tsetse vectors of Trypanosoma brucei gambiense that causes Human African Trypanosomiasis (HAT) in South Sudan, where HAT Control Strategy does not involve vector control component. Information on the fly apparent density/trap/day helps identify priority areas for vector control. Insecurity and logistic problem makes it impossible for vector control to be carried out. Fly-human...

Author(s): Yatta S. Lukou, Mubarak M. Abdelrahman, Yassir O. Mohammed, Loro G. L. Jumi, Erneo B. Ochi, Yousif R. Suliman and Intisar E. Elrayah

May 2021

Journal of Parasitology and Vector Biology
Haemonchosis: A review on dreaded strongylosis that affects the zootechnical performance of sheep

Haemonchosis is a parasitosis that affects the abomasum of small ruminants, especially sheep. It is a disease that affects temperate as well as tropical and subtropical regions and can infest animals of any age, resulting in a significant loss of income to farmers. Haemonchus contortus is the parasite responsible for haemonchosis in small ruminants. It is haematophagous and causes serious diseases that decimate the...

Author(s): Christian Cocou DANSOU, Julienne KUISEU,  Pascal Abiodoun OLOUNLADE, Erick Virgile Bertrand AZANDO, Latifou LAGNIKA, Andre Boha ABOH, Patrick A. EDORH  and Mawule Sylvie HOUNZANGBE-ADOTE

May 2021

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Phenotypic and molecular characterization of multiple-resistant gram-negative bacteria in urine of pregnant women attending antenatal clinic of Mother and Child hospital, Ondo, Nigeria

Phenotypic and molecular characterization of multiple antibiotic resistant Gram-negative bacteria in urine samples of pregnant women in Mother and Child Hospital, Nigeria was reported. In the study, 407 apparently healthy pregnant women were recruited. Structured questionnaire was administered to the patients to obtain their socio-demographic information and the medical history. Urine samples were collected, processed...

Author(s): Eunice Damilola Wilkie, Anthonia Olufunke Oluduro, Thonda Oluwakemi Abikeand Chidinma Vivian Chukwudum

May 2021

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Cocoa farmers’ perceptions of soil organic carbon effects on fertility, management and climate change in the Ashanti region of Ghana

Farmers can play an important role in climate change mitigation through sustainable soil management practices. Semi-structured interviews were conducted in the Atwima Nwabiagya municipality of Ashanti region, Ghana, to explore farmers' knowledge and perceptions of their soils, soil fertility, applied management practices, and climate change on soil organic carbon. The interviews included topics...

Author(s): F. Adiyah, M. Fuchs, E. Michéli, E. Dawoe and E. Kovács

May 2021

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Phytochemical analysis and antifungal activity of Tithonia diversifolia and Kigelia africana extracts against Fusarium oxysporum in tomato

Fusarium wilt can cause severe losses in many vegetables and flowers, field crops and plantation crops. The main method for controlling Fusarium wilt is through chemical methods which have the disadvantage of polluting the environment and are expensive. Thus, there is a need for more environmentally friendly and cheaper techniques for controlling Fusarium Wilt. This study screened the phytochemical compounds of two...

Author(s): Awere, C. A., Githae, E. W and Gichumbi, J. M.

May 2021

Educational Research and Reviews
Teachers’ concerns about the implementation of the standard-based curriculum in Ghana: A case study of Effutu Municipality

The successful implementation of a school curriculum depends significantly on the extent of how stakeholders address the concerns of teachers. This study, therefore, investigated the concerns of basic school teachers in the Effutu Municipality towards the implementation of the standards-based curriculum. The explanatory sequential design of the mixed-method approach was adopted. The study randomly selected 197 primary...

Author(s): Stephen Kwakye Apau

May 2021

Educational Research and Reviews
Listen to the voices of street children: A case study in Trinidad and Tobago

This research was conducted at Sunshine in Trinidad and Tobago and highlights the voices of seventeen street children. Although they live at Sunshine many of them continue to frequent the streets. Published research indicates that there exists a paucity of information about the lives and experiences of these children. It is important that professionals and policy makers pay particular attention and consideration to the...

Author(s): Gabriel Julien  

May 2021

International Journal of Psychology and Counselling
Human dimension of the 1999 Marmara earthquakes in Turkey: Traumatic menthal health effects and consequences

By definition, disasters are natural phenomena that occur unexpectedly. Moreover, throughout the ages, human communities have experienced numerous disasters and the expectation is that there will be as many more in the coming years. On a daily basis, there are reports of earthquakes, hurricanes, and flood disaster news on TVs, radios, and other news media. Therefore, it is important to understand the effects of natural...

Author(s): Bulut Sefa

May 2021

International Journal of Biotechnology and Molecular Biology Research
Genetic diversity of Fusarium endophytes strains from sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L.) tissues in Burkina Faso

The diversity and genetic differentiation of populations of Fusarium species associated with sorghum fields, both endophytes obtained from sorghum performing and non performing plants and isolates obtained from two sampling periods were investigated. Fusarium specific Internal Transcribed Spacer 2 (FITS2) primers set were used to assess genetic variability of 32 isolates from susceptible Fusarium spp. endophytes from...

Author(s): Gilles I. Thio, Elisabeth P. Zida, James B. Neya, Ednar G. Wulff, Ole S. Lund and Birte Boelt  

May 2021

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Characterization of diversity and pathogenecity of Pyricularia grisea affecting finger millet in Kenya

Pyricularia grisea characterization is a prerequisite for species differentiation and understanding of the pathosystem, evolution and diversity of species. The aim of this study is to determine the morphological variation, pathogen virulence and molecular diversity of P. grisea isolates. Five isolates from infected heads of finger millet were collected from Bomet, Nakuru, Baringo, Busia and Machakos counties in 2019....

Author(s): Jayo Manyasi Tracyline Paul K. Kimurto and Joseph J. Mafurah

May 2021

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Water stress affects the physio-morphological development of tomato growth

This study aimed to differentiate and identify the best soil field capacity for good plant growth and optimization of yield. Tomato is an herbaceous crop that needs an adequate amount of water for growth and yield optimization. This experiment was conducted in pots in a greenhouse to examine the effect of water stress on the growth, yield, and shelf-life of five tomato varieties namely Padma F1, Cobra F1, Symbal F1,...

Author(s): K. E. Alordzinu, L. Jiuhao, S. A. Appiah, A. A. L. Aasmi, P. K. Blege and E. A. Afful

Page 4 of 1221, showing 50 records out of 61005 total, starting on record 151, ending on 200