Articles

 

Articles

Page 4 of 1211, showing 50 records out of 60524 total, starting on record 151, ending on 200

February 2021

Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science
QTL mapping for resistance to Cercospora sojina in ‘Essex’ × ‘Forrest’ soybean (Glycine max L.) lines

Frogeye leafspot (FLS), caused by Cercospora sojina, is observed as red-brown lesions on leaves that can coalesce and decrease the photosynthetic ability of soybeans. The average yield loss due to Frogeye Leaf Spot is estimated at approximately 40% in established fields, whereas 100% incidence was previously recorded. QoI inhibitor fungicides were considered an effective control method, but the pathogen quickly evolved...

Author(s): Kelsey R. McAllister, Yi-Chen Lee and Stella K. Kantartzi  

February 2021

African Journal of Business Management
Blue ocean strategies as panacea to sustainable performance of tea firms in Kenya

Although tea is the leading cash crop in Kenya, the industry faces significant challenges. Although application of blue ocean strategy (BOS) could redress some of its problems, few studies have explored the question. This study investigated the relationship between BOS and sustainable performance of the Kenyan tea industry. The study applied the Four Action Framework (FAF) together with elements of Six Searching...

Author(s): Jane Chepngeno Sang and Edwin Kimitei  

February 2021

Journal of Soil Science and Environmental Management
Impact of land use types and soil depths on selected soil physicochemical properties in Fasha District, Konso Zone, Southern Ethiopia

Agricultural activities such as deforestation, continuous cultivation and intensive grazing cause deterioration of soil properties. This study was conducted with the objective to investigate the influence of land use types (cultivated, grazing and forest lands) and soil depths (0-15 and 15-30 cm) on soil properties. Eighteen composite soil samples were collected and analyzed using standard procedures and the data was...

Author(s): Mengistu Tumayro and Dereje Tesgaye  

February 2021

Journal of Soil Science and Environmental Management
Soil properties and maize (Zea mays L.) growth and yield response to water hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes) compost application in Lake Victoria Basin, Kenya

The decline in organic matter (OM) content and fertility of soils often contribute to losses in agricultural production. This research determined the effects of water hyacinth compost application on selected soil properties and maize growth and yield during a field experiment conducted between February 2020 and August 2020 in Lake Victoria basin, Kenya. The experiment was conducted in a randomized complete block design...

Author(s): Kevin Obondo, Joyce J. Lelei and Samuel M. Mwonga  

February 2021

Journal of Medical Laboratory and Diagnosis
Health risk associated with eating fish from brackish water

Heart disease is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in the United States with diet being a major contributor. As solution, fish rich in omega-3 fatty acids is recommended. In this study, the impact of brackish water on fish quality, was done by sampling canal water in Edinburg, Texas. Canal water was membrane filtered and cultured on bacteriological media. Pure cultures were phenotypically identified, and...

Author(s): Ndeta G. A., Lamsis J., Portales A. and Mvoula L.  

February 2021

African Journal of Biotechnology
Aspects of mushroom cultivation to obtain polysaccharides in submerged cultivation

Medicinal and edible mushrooms have biological properties that are important in promoting health. In the last decades, an increasing number of studies have explored various aspects of the cultivation and metabolism of various species. Many isolated substances have potential for use in medicine and among them are polysaccharides, which have been shown to have physiological properties such as anti-tumor, immunomodulatory,...

Author(s): L. H. Campestrini and Salles-Campos C.  

February 2021

African Journal of Food Science
Estimation of nitrite level and effect of processing on residual nitrite level in sausages marketed in Dharan, Nepal

The study was conducted to examine nitrite levels in processed meat products (sausage, salami, bacon, and ham) marketed in Dharan City and to determine the effect of common methods of processing on residual nitrite levels in sausages. Preliminary survey was conducted to know the popular processed meat products. Total of 44 samples were analyzed for nitrite levels and 10 sausage samples were subjected to two different...

Author(s): Niraj Paudel, Dinesh Subedi, Shraddha Khanal, Dev Raj Acharya and Sajal Bhattarai  

February 2021

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
Soil nematodes status of crude oil polluted sites in Bodo community, Gokana Local Government Area, Rivers State, Nigeria

Crude oil spill destroys biodiversity and adversely impacts the physicochemical characteristics of the terrestrial and aquatic environments. The population characteristics of soil nematodes can serve as indicators of alterations in the terrestrial environment. To determine the effects of crude oil spillage on the soil nematode fauna status; a study was carried out at an impacted area in Gokana Local Government Area of...

Author(s): Osarokaka A. J., Nzeako S. O., Imafidor H. O. and Living-Jamala U.

February 2021

African Journal of Plant Science
Incidence and characterization of cassava mosaic viruses in improved and local cultivars in Sierra Leone

In Sub-Sahara Africa, Cassava Mosaic Disease (CMD) is the major important viral disease of cassava which threatens production, livelihoods and food security. Frequently CMD is due to the Africa Cassava Mosaic Virus (ACMV), East African Cassava Mosaic Virus (EACMV) and the Ugandan strain of the East African virus (EACMV-UG). The present study investigated the prevalence of these three viruses in 27 cultivars (three...

Author(s): Janatu V. Sesay, Aiah Lebbie and Richard A. Wadsworth

February 2021

Journal of Ecology and The Natural Environment
Regenerating plant species of a highly anthropised tropical forest in Côte d'Ivoire, West Africa

Haut-Sassandra classified forest (FCHS) lost more than 70% of its forest cover between 2000 and 2011 due to armed conflict and cocoa cultivation. The government is concerned about the future of this forest and whether it can regenerate naturally. Observations likely to uncover plant species that are capable of regenerating the forest were collected through systematic sampling comprising 18 line transects each containing...

Author(s): Kouame Jean Marc KOUMAN, Yao Sadaiou Sabas BARIMA and Michel GODRON

February 2021

African Journal of Food Science
Content of minerals and antinutritional factors in moin-moin (steamed cowpea food)

Moin-moin (steamed cowpea food; MM) is one of the most popular local dishes in Bahia-Brazil. The present study was carried out to improve the knowledge of type of cowpea used in the preparation of moin-moin and its influence on mineral content and antinutritional factors. MM samples were collected from 30 out of the sales points located in the city of Salvador-Bahia. The mineral contents of MM showed a wide variation:...

Author(s): Lafaiete Almeida Cardoso, Ralf Greiner, Agnes Sophia Braga Alves, Sandra Regina Costa Santos, Wagna Piler Carvalho dos Santos, Paulo Roberto Ribeiro, Deusdélia Teixeira de Almeida

February 2021

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Identification of recombinants of hepatitis B virus genotypes C from Hong Kong China

Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infections severely threaten the health of the human being. Frequent recombination of HBV within or between genotypes was reported to favor the viral evolution and adaption and the recombination may cause more severe clinical symptoms. In the study, we collected genotype C HBV from five Asian countries and detected their possible recombination events by bioinformatic analysis. There are two main...

Author(s): Qianqian Liu and Zeng Tu  

February 2021

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Molecular identification of genotypes of Hepatitis B virus in Borno State, Nigeria

Hepatitis is a significant disease of the liver caused by different genotypes of hepatitis B virus. Neonates delivered of HBsAg and HBeAg positive mothers are most susceptible. The sequelae of infection and prognosis vary with the age of patient infected and the genotype (A-J) of the virus involved. These genotypes have 7.5 to 8% difference in their genomic sequences. This study was aimed at identifying the genotypes...

Author(s): Oyinloye S. O. and Bukbuk D. N.

February 2021

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
Cost minimization and operation optimization model for strategic waste management decision plans: A case study

The design of a sustainable waste management system is pivoted on the ability to generate and compute real-time operational data for a strategic developmental decision plan. The real-time waste data generated at the University of Lagos Campus waste management system was used to develop a mathematical model with three operational indicators, namely, Total Cost Indicator (TCI), to show the overall daily cost for managing...

Author(s): Faith U. Babalola, AbdulGaniyu O. Adelopo, Boluwatito M. Aiyepola and Afolasade T. Nubi

February 2021

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
Kinetics of phosphate adsorption by Ca/Cr layered double hydroxide

Kinetics of phosphate adsorption by Ca/Cr layered double hydroxide (LDH) in a batch reactor was investigated in this study. The kinetic experiments indicated that the sorption of phosphate from the synthetic feed solution by the synthesised LDH was very fast, with over 98% removal being achieved within 5 min of contact. Kinetic modeling of the sorption process to different kinetic models (pseudo first order, pseudo...

Author(s): Adelagun R. O. A., Ushie O. A., Kamba A. E., Aikhoje E. F. and Egah O. G.

February 2021

African Journal of Business Management
Moderating effect of organization culture on the relationship between quality management system adoption and performance of public universities in Kenya

The capacity of higher education institutions (HEIs) to serve as drivers to economic competitiveness has been negatively impacted due to the exponential growth and numerous constraints which interfere with their quality. In Kenya, HEIs, in their attempt to cater for the 28% increase in number of students, 6% government capitation cut and 14.3% of the 28 weeks, academic year time waste between 2014 and 2015, have...

Author(s): Gulali Donald Indiya, Jairo Mise, Johnmark Obura and Patrick Ojera

February 2021

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
Variability of physiochemical properties of livestock manure with added wood shavings during Windrow Composting

Composting livestock manure still remains one of the best waste-to-resource technologies practiced in the world. There is however, limited information on composting of livestock manure and wood shavings in Cameroon.  This research, carried out in South West Region of Cameroon assesses the variability of physiochemical properties: pH, pile temperature, mass, volatile solids contents (VS), total solids (TS) and total...

Author(s): Fabrice L. Yengong, Veronica E. Manga, Ngwa M. Ngwabie, David T. Tiku and Esongami N. Eric

February 2021

Educational Research and Reviews
Influence of personality types, instructional supervision practices, and performance in public primary schools in Kenya

Personality types and practices are presumed to play a significant role in the improvement of schools' performance. This paper presents the findings from the analysis of quantitative data drawn from a larger study that examined the relationship between headteachers' personality types, instructional supervision practices, and performance. The study adopted a descriptive survey research design to collect data by...

Author(s): Tarsianer Muthanje Peter, Ciriaka Muriithi Gitonga and Kaberia Isaac Kubai

February 2021

Educational Research and Reviews
Examination of the music lesson behavior of students studying at primary education level

This research was conducted to examine primary school students' attitudes towards music education lessons according to certain variables. 64 elementary schools from Kastamonu in Turkey participated in the study. The attitude scale developed by Güllü and Güçlü was adapted to the Music Education Courses Attitude scale and was used to determine students' attitudes towards music education...

Author(s): KabataÅŸ Mustafa

February 2021

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Occurrence of virulent and antibiotic resistant Staphylococcus species in ready-to-eat Rhynchophorus phoenicis and Archachatina marginata vended along the Port Harcourt-Bayelsa route

This study was aimed at determining the occurrence of Staphylococcus species in ready-to-eat (RTE) Rhynchophorus phoenicis (edible larvae) and Archachatina marginata (land snail) vended along Port Harcourt-Bayelsa route. Eighty samples from four locations were analysed employing standard techniques for proximate and microbiological analyses; virulence determination and antibiotic susceptibility. Data were statistically...

Author(s): Chioma Ngoka, Onoriode Christian Eruteya and Abiye Anthony Ibiene

February 2021

African Journal of Business Management
Earnings management techniques in the context of Italian unlisted firms

The research expands the earnings management (EM) literature for Italian unlisted firms by investigating the drivers of both accrual-based (AEM) and real activity-based (REM) earnings management. According to prior literature, the reliability of financial statements of these firms concerns mainly lenders in assessing borrower creditworthiness, and Tax Offices in calculating corporate tax. We analyse unlisted firms as...

Author(s): Gaetano Matonti, Giuseppe Iuliano, Federica Palazzi and Jon Tucker

January 2021

Journal of Economics and International Finance
Financial inclusion: Is it a precursor to agricultural commercialization amongst smallholder farmers in Uganda? A comparative analysis between Lango and Buganda sub-regions

This study examines the contributions of financial inclusion in supporting agricultural commercialization amongst smallholder farmers in Uganda in Lango and Buganda sub-regions. The researcher adopted a comparative study and cross-sectional survey design where descriptive, bivariate and multivariate data analysis was used. Chi square procedure was run to test the hypothesis that financial inclusion does not affect...

Author(s): Marus Eton, Fabian Mwosi, Mary Ejang and Sammy Godfrey Poro

January 2021

Journal of Economics and International Finance
Institutional factors of inclusive growth: Evidence from Côte d’ivoire

Economic growth is important but not sufficient to generate a sustainable increase in individual welfare. Inclusiveness attributes to growth, the dual virtue of widening the space of economic and social opportunities; while ensuring a better application of distributive equity. In this perspective, Ali and Son suggest that growth is inclusive when combined with high income and equity. This study tries to verify this...

Author(s): Wilfried Catin Botchuin

January 2021

Journal of Economics and International Finance
Capital structure, credit risk management and financial performance of microfinance institutions in Uganda

The paper examines the relationship between capital structure, credit risk management and financial performance of microfinance institutions (MFIs) in Uganda based on agency theory. The study adopted a cross–sectional research design to examine 64 MFIs in Uganda. Correlation and multiple regression analysis were performed to analyze the data. The results reveal that credit risk management significantly contributes...

Author(s): Geresem Orichom and Michael Omeke

January 2021

Journal of Economics and International Finance
Multidimensional measures of deprivation in Tunisia

The multidimensional apprehension of poverty is largely accepted today given the considerable contribution to understanding and acting against the manifestations of this phenomenon. Amartya Sen’s capability approach is the basis of the recent developments on the subject. In this perspective, the present work aims to study the application of multidimensional deprivation measures on Tunisian data. This paper...

Author(s): Oula Ben Hassine and Mohsen Sghairi

January 2021

Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health
The trend of aetiologies of chronic emaciation in off-take cattle in Ibadan metropolis

Chronic emaciation reflects the severity and duration of the aetiologies associated with a disease condition. The primary aim of this investigation was to determine the trend and most significant causes of chronic emaciation and cachexia in off-take cattle in Ibadan metropolis and to evaluate the clinico-pathologic findings. The study was a prospective one. In this particular study, causative factors of chronic...

Author(s): Simon Akhaine , Jeremiah Olalekan Taiwo and Ameen Saliu Akanni  

January 2021

Journal of Mechanical Engineering Research
Transient thermal analysis of different types of IC engine cylinder fins by varying thickness and introducing slots

Fins are extended surfaces used between two fluids for heat transfer between the hotter and colder fluid or between a solid and a fluid. There are various types of fins, viz. angular fins, circular fins, and rectangular fins. Engine piston chamber is the most precarious part of any automobile imperiled to extreme thermal shocks, hence prone to thermal stresses. Therefore, fins are introduced to cool the cylinder, which...

Author(s): A. N. Mohan Das, G. Harish, D. Purrab, J. Sachin and G. Suraj  

January 2021

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Status of parthenium weed (Parthenium hysterophorus L.) and its control options in Ethiopia

Parthenium (Parthenium hysterophorus L.) is an invasive herbaceous weed which belongs to the family Compositae. It is believed to have originated in tropical America and now occurs widely in Asia, Australia, Southern and east Africa. Parthenium has been observed to grow on road sides, gardens, waterways, in grasslands and crop fields both during the crop season and after harvest, as long as enough moisture is available....

Author(s): Zelalem Bekeko  

January 2021

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Makafaci and Wachangu improved doubled haploid rice (Oryza sativa) varieties recommended for lowland cultivation in Malawi

The study was conducted in 2017/2018 and 2018/2019 rainy seasons at Nanzolo, Domasi and Mkondezi in three replications using the RCBD following the Mother-Baby Trial Approach. The objective of the study was to evaluate grain yield of twelve high-yielding rice (Oryza sativa) varieties that were selected and shared from elite Doubled Haploid germplasms of a Collaborative Project of KAFACI (RDA) and AGRA at Suwon in Korea...

Author(s): Elias Jeke, Tennyson Mzengeza, Kyung-Ho Kang, Lazarus Chapo, Mwai Malipa, Brian Boyce, Memory Kachingwe and Innocent Machira  

January 2021

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Factors affecting the adoption of mobile applications by farmers: An empirical investigation

In developing countries such as Nigeria, agriculture is the main source of livelihood with over 70% of the population engaged in farming. They are mostly smallholders and subsistence farmers with minimal use of technology and low productivity. The use of mobile applications in agriculture can potentially help smallholders access agricultural information and financial services, improve access to markets and enhance...

Author(s): Victor Okoroji, Nic J Lees and Xiaomeng Lucock  

January 2021

International Journal of Educational Administration and Policy Studies
Demystifying the Ivory tower syndrome in universities through the use of transformational leadership

One of the major criticisms of top management in universities in most African countries is arguably the isolation of both top management team and intellectuals from the real problems and issues of the real world and business of universities. This disconnect, often referred to as the Ivory tower syndrome, has become a source of concern. Based on experience, observations over the years on administrative practices of vice...

Author(s): V. F. Peretomode  

January 2021

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Supplemental value of exo-enzyme in the utilization of cassava fibre meal by broiler-chickens

This study assessed the supplemental value of Roxazyme® G2 in the utilization of cassava fibre meal (CFM) by broiler-chickens in a 56 day feeding trial. A batch of three hundred and sixty day-old Arbor acre broiler-chicks was allotted to twelve treatments replicated five times of six birds in a 4 × 3 factorial in complete randomization. Cassava fibre meal was substituted for maize at 0, 20, 40 and 60% levels...

Author(s): Simeon Ajibade Akinyele, Muyiwa Hilarious Ogunsipe and Oyewumi Nather Oyewole  

January 2021

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Effects of cyanotoxins in germination, growth and DNA damages of Lettuce sativa (Lettuce) and Coriandrum sativum (Coriander)

The use of irrigation water containing cyanobacterial toxins can cause significant impacts in agricultural and consequently environmental health. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effects of cyanotoxins (microcystin-LR and saxitoxin) on germination, growth and micronuclei formation in lettuce (Lettuce sativa) and coriander (Coriandrum sativum). Seeds of lettuce and coriander were exposed during 7-9 days to...

Author(s): Janiele França Nery, Gleydson Kleyton Moura Nery, Adriana Guedes Magalhaes, Walclécio Lira and Salomão de Sousa Medeiros  

January 2021

African Journal of Business Management
Determinants of regional economic growth in Kenya

This research empirically explores the determinants of Kenya’s regional economic growth in the 47 counties over the period 2014 to 2017. Though economic policies aimed at enhancing regional growth were implemented, the economic performance has not been satisfactory hence the study seeks to find out what determines economic performance at the sub-national level. This research is based on the reduced Solow-Swan...

Author(s): Naftaly Gisore Mose

January 2021

Journal of Geography and Regional Planning
Modelling inter-urban trip flow pattern of selected cities in Niger State, Nigeria

Inter-urban travel forms one of the main spatial and economic features of any nation’s economic landscape. Understanding and forecasting inter-urban movement is a crucial input for urban and regional transportation planning. This study therefore was carried out to develop trip generation model of selected cities in Niger State. Questionnaire survey was carried in three main urban centres in the state namely;...

Author(s): OJEKUNLE Joel Ademola, OWOEYE Emmanuel and OWOEYE Adelanke Samuel

January 2021

Journal of Infectious Diseases and Immunity
Measles outbreak investigation in Basso Liben District, Amhara Region, Ethiopia 2017

Measles is an acute, highly contagious viral disease caused by measles virus and transmitted primarily by respiratory droplets or airborne spray to mucous membranes in the upper respiratory tract or the conjunctiva. Measles is one of vaccine preventable diseases but the virus usually causes outbreaks especially among unvaccinated population.  The aim of this study was to investigate the outbreak and identify...

Author(s): Tesfaye Andualem, Sisay Awoke, Sofoniyas Getnet, Yimer Sied, Addisu Melese and Chalachew Genet

January 2021

Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytotherapy
Influence of extracellular calcium on in vitro uterine muscle contractions stimulated by acetone leaf extract of Anogeissus leiocarpa

The effect of extracellular calcium on isolated uterine muscle contractions stimulated by acetone leaf extract of Anogeissus leiocarpa was investigated in a rat. About 12 m segment of the uterine muscle strip was mounted initially in a thermostatically regulated organ bath (37°C) containing normal Physiological Salt Solution (PSS; De Jalon) and later inphysiological salt solution devoid of CaCl2. The extract...

Author(s): Mbursa Chiroma, Hannah Alim Madziga, Ijuptil Chiroma, Umar Tanko Mamza, Sanda Abba Kyari, Kwaru Mbursa Chiroma and Chukwuka Uchendu  

January 2021

Journal of Entomology and Nematology
Genetic diversity of four populations of honey bee, Apis mellifera (Linnaeus, 1758) from two vegetation zones in Nigeria

Genetic diversity of four populations of honey bee, Apis mellifera from two vegetation zones in Nigeria namely; southwest rainforest and northcentral derived savanna was analysed using fifteen morphometric characters and five microsatellite loci. Discriminant function analysis (DFA) of the morphometric data revealed a considerable variation of morphological characters between the sampled localities while Principal...

Author(s): Michael Olufemi Awodiran, Temitope Esther Amoo and Temitope Olatayo Kehinde

January 2021

African Journal of Agricultural Research
The preventive impact of vermicompost on bell pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) salinity resistance: An evaluation

This work aims to identify the impacts of vermicompost leachate (VCL) toward its salt resistance stress in plants. Young Capsicum annuum L seedlings were subjected to salinity (160 mM NaCl added to a nutrient solution) over a course of seven days during or following the adding of 7 mL L−1 VCL. The exposure to salt stress resulted in a notable decrease of dry and fresh leaf weights, K+ concentrations, and leaf...

Author(s): Naser Ahmadi and Elnaz Akbari,  

January 2021

African Journal of Business Management
Efficiency wage and work effort: Case study of a Brazilian multinational company

This research paper explores how employees of a multinational glass manufacturing company see the pay offered by the company and how it affects, directly or indirectly, their efforts to perform their duties. For this purpose, a case study was carried out in a glass manufacturing company located in the southernern region of Brazil throughout 2017. Literature review is focused on the theoretical model based on the idea...

Author(s): Marina Fritoli, Nathália Laffin, Carlos Alberto Bonacim, Luiz Eduardo Gaio and Rafael Gatsios

January 2021

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Indigenous knowledge of Striga gesnerioides (Willd.) Vatke, in Burkina Faso

Striga gesnerioides is one of the major constraints to cowpea production in West Africa. In Burkina Faso, Striga is a national phenomenon despite the control measures proposed by research. This study aims to collect farmers' perceptions of S. gesnerioides. Thus, a survey was conducted among cowpea producers in 15 localities across the four agroclimatic zones of Burkina Faso. Data collected were related to...

Author(s): Pingawindé SAWADOGO, Nerbéwendé SAWADOGO, Tinga Jeremy OUEDRAOGO, Zakaria DIENI, Teyioué Benoit Joseph BATIENO, Hamadou ZONGO, Léandre PODA, Jean Baptiste De La Salle TIGNEGRE and Mahamadou SAWADOGO  

January 2021

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Assessment of sixteen varieties of groundnut in two agro ecological zones in Burkina Faso for yield and tolerance to aflatoxin

In Burkina Faso, groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) is produced in almost the entire country except the north. Its multiple uses make it a highly appreciated oil seeds and leguminous crop. However, the presence of aflatoxins in grains constitutes a public health risk and thus limits its marketing to international markets. The present study evaluated sixteen (16) short duration (90 days) groundnut varieties (15 varieties...

Author(s): Amos MININGOU, Sy Appolinaire TRAORE, Blaise KABRE and Sondé Ardjouma Lassina Moulaye KONATE  

January 2021

African Journal of Political Science and International Relations
Manifest destiny and foreign relations: Examining the Nigeria-South Africa contradiction

This article analyses the dichotomy between potentials and capabilities with respect to Nigeria-South Africa relations and how this impinges on the leadership contest majorly involving the two countries. It observed that the international recognition accorded South Africa pitched it against Nigeria though, there are other contenders including Egypt, Algeria, Tunisia and Rwanda to mention a few for the leadership slot....

Author(s): ADETUNJI, Olumuyiwa Adebayo and ADEWUMI, Eyitayo Folasade

January 2021

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Effect of different vermicomposts and bioslurry on growth, yield and postharvest quality of statice

An experiment at Egerton University in Kenya studied effects of vermicomposts and bioslurry on growth, yield and postharvest quality in statice. Three vermicomposts prepared from Kitchen waste (V1), mowed lawn grass (V2) and Weed biomass (V3) were mixed at a rate of 40% by volume with garden soil and tested against the untreated control (V0). Bioslurry from a digester at Tatton Agricultural Park in the university was...

Author(s): Amos Nyakeyo, Mariam Mwangi and Jane Nyaanga  

January 2021

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Climate-Smart Agricultural (CSA) practices and its implications to food security in Siyadebrina Wayu District, Ethiopia

Climate change poses a major threat to agricultural production and food security in Ethiopia. Temperature rise and variability in rainfall patterns have had serious consequences on crop and livestock production. Climate-Smart Agriculture (CSA) is one of the solutions that simultaneously address the issues of food security, climate change and agricultural productivity. The objective of this study was to examine trends...

Author(s): Tekeste Kifle  

January 2021

African Journal of Food Science
Degradation of phytate in composite wheat/cassava/sorghum bread by activation of intrinsic cereal phytase

The objective of this study was to degrade the phytic acid content in composite wheat/cassava/ sorghum bread by activating intrinsic cereal phytases during the baking process. The aim was to reach a phytate:iron molar ratio <1 in order to achieve an enhanced iron absorption in humans. Means to activate the phytase included dough preparation at different pH values and temperature as well as pre-soaking of the sorghum...

Author(s): Serafina Lídia Vilanculos, and Ulf Svanberg

January 2021

Journal of Media and Communication Studies
Women, start your engines: US and UK media portrayal of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia women driving ban

The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA) was the only country to ban women from driving until a royal decree changed this in June 2018. The controversy before and after the ban gained media attention and is the foundation for this study, examining how US and UK media covered the women driving ban. Framing theory and thematic analysis were used to examine 80 articles randomly chosen from 10 prominent and most trusted US and UK...

Author(s): Saud A. Alsulaiman, and Terry L. Rentner

January 2021

Journal of Dryland Agriculture
Greenhouse assessment of microbial biomass carbon and nitrogen as influenced by compaction, Bradyrhizobium inoculation and nitrogen fertilizer application in maize-soybean cropping systems

Soil microbial biomass (SMB) is the main driving force in nutrient cycling and good indicator of soil productivity. A greenhouse experiment was designed to assess the effect of soil compaction, cropping system [sole maize, rotation 1 (inoculated soybean-maize), rotation 2 (un-inoculated soybean-maize) and intercrop 1(inoculated soybean-maize)and intercrop 2(un-inoculated soybean-maize)] and nitrogen fertilizeron soil...

Author(s): Omeke J. O., Yusuf A. A., Yakubu A. A and Umar F. G.  

January 2021

Journal of Media and Communication Studies
News worthiness and Public trust in sub-Sahara African: Examining the impact of tabloid journalism in Zambia

This study set out to understand the role of tabloid news content in establishing public news trust in Zambia. The study compared tabloid news stories (usually frowned upon as unprofessional by most African journalists and scholars) to professional news writing styles, which are rooted in Western journalism education. Drawing from studies that critique tabloid journalism as consumed by people lacking critical abilities...

Author(s): Gregory Gondwe

January 2021

Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics
Determinants of adoption of sustainable land management practice choices among smallholder farmers in Abay Basin of Oromia, Ethiopia

Land degradation mainly caused by soil erosion, and shades an ominous threat to the livelihood development prospects of Ethiopian smallholder farmers. In response to this, the government of Ethiopia introduced a Sustainable Land Management Program (hereafter referred as ‘SLM’), even though the adoption by smallholder farmers has been low. This study aims to analyze the factors that influence the adoption of...

Author(s): Wondimu Legesse, Jema Haji, Mengistu Ketema and Bezabih Emana  

Page 4 of 1211, showing 50 records out of 60524 total, starting on record 151, ending on 200