Articles

 

Articles

Page 4 of 1138, showing 50 records out of 56876 total, starting on record 151, ending on 200

September 2018

African Journal of Political Science and International Relations
Changing aid and diplomatic relations: New development actors and Norway in Africa

Increased engagements of New Development Actors in Africa since the turn of the millennium have attracted a lot of scholars’ and policy-makers’ attention. While the direct effects of new development actors’ relation with Africa have been examined by many researchers, not much researched work on the indirect effects via the response of third countries have been done. This article explores whether and...

Author(s): Michael Oduro Asante  

September 2018

African Journal of Political Science and International Relations
Civil society under assault in Ethiopia

Since the enactment of the Charities and Societies Proclamation 621/2009 in Ethiopia, civil societies were not performing their proper role for the advancement of the country’s democracy. The proclamation places excessive restrictions on the work of civil society organizations in the country. This, in turn, makes the public passive to engage in the politics of the country, rather the law gives ultimate power for...

Author(s): Tewodros Woldearegay  

September 2018

African Journal of Political Science and International Relations
Demystifying the concept of state or regulatory capture from a theoretical public economics perspective

State capture is one form of corruption that has received very little research interest over the years. This could be attributed to the fact that many societies particularly in the developing world seem to have institutionalized it. State capture is a manifestation of government failure which involves the manipulation of bureaucratic rule and formal procedures by business and political elites through family ties,...

Author(s): Mulenga Chonzi Mulenga and James Nilesh Mulenga  

September 2018

International Journal of Water Resources and Environmental Engineering
Performance evaluation and economic analysis of solar photo-voltaic water pumping systems: Case of Abakore borehole water supply system in Kenya

A solar photovoltaic (PV) water pumping system was investigated to determine performance and economic viability. An in-built data logger was used to collect real time data on key performance parameters. Performance indicators were defined and determined, while economic viability was analyzed using life-cycle cost (LCC) method and these costs were compared with a diesel generator pumping system. Solar irradiance varied...

Author(s): James Origa Otieno, Christian Thine Omuto and Antony Ayub Gitau  

September 2018

Journal of Soil Science and Environmental Management
Applicability of the Mehlich-3 method for the site-specific soil nutrient management in Northern Mozambique

Mehlich 3 (M-3) is a multi-nutrient extractant which provides a rapid and cost-effective soil test for various soils. This study investigated the applicability of M-3 for cation and micronutrient determination under the specific soil fertilization and crop rotation given in northern Mozambique. Cations and micronutrients extracted with M-3 were compared with the classical methods; neutral ammonium acetate (NH4OAc) for...

Author(s): Monrawee Fukuda, Satoshi Nakamura, Hisashi Nasukawa, Kazuhiro Naruo, Momade M. Ibraimo, Keiichiro Kobayashi and Tetsuji Oya  

September 2018

International Journal of Peace and Development Studies
Rural development: Lessons never learnt

Life is supposed to be a great teacher, but in the development field lessons have never been learnt because errors of decades ago continue being entrenched today, by more enlightened people. This paper deploys critical theories of rural development and community participation to explain why communities resist development projects. One such incident is community resistance to a donor-funded mega irrigation project in...

Author(s): Shadreck Tanyanyiwa  

September 2018

International Journal of Peace and Development Studies
Community participation in transformation of rural livelihoods and climate smart farming technologies in the semi-arid lands of Kenya

Semi-arid areas in developing countries continue to depend on rain-fed agriculture which is exacerbated by climate change and poor governance. Despite efforts and investments by governmental and non-governmental organizations to address the issue of food insecurity in the semi-arid areas of Kenya, the problem still persists. The communities have designed themselves to be resource poor whereas they are not. This paper...

Author(s): Jane Mutune and Abdimajid Nunow

September 2018

International Journal of Psychology and Counselling
Prevalence and associated factors of stress among undergraduate students in Ambo University: Implication for Intervention

The study aims to assess the prevalence and associated factors of stress among Ambo University students. Institute based cross-sectional study was conducted on a sample of 343 undergraduate students at Ambo University. Data were collected using the Student-life Stress Inventory. Descriptive statistics, independent t-test, analysis of variance (ANOVA) and Pearson correlation coefficient were utilized to analyze the...

Author(s): Muna Suleyiman and Atinkut Zewdu  

September 2018

Journal of Economics and International Finance
Consumption patterns among individual households in Nasarawa State, Nigeria

The need for economic theory to address the problem of unsustainable consumption patterns in a developing economy, Nigeria cannot be overemphasized. The literature suggests that present consumption patterns which use up economic resources beyond the capacity of the environment to replenish may make development unsustainable. This study analyzed consumption behavior vis-à-vis the factors that weakly or strongly...

Author(s): Joseph M. Ibbih and Peter Siyan  

September 2018

International Journal of Genetics and Molecular Biology
The characterization of Citrus sp. from Parang Island Karimunjawa based on morphological, DNA barcoding and nutritional analysis

The Citrus sp. from Parang Island Karimunjawa is a wild type of Citrus plant that grow on salt area and exhibits a high level of vitamin C.  Due to its ability, morphological, molecular and nutritional characterization needs to be carried out to improve its potential. The study was carried out at the Biotechnology Laboratory and the Integrated Laboratory of Diponegoro University from 2016 to 2017. The...

Author(s): Hermin Pancasakti Kusumaningrum, Anto Budiharjo, Agung Suprihadi, Yuriza Eshananda, Annisa Fadillah and Dina Rahayuning Pangestuti  

September 2018

African Journal of Pure and Applied Chemistry
Spectrophotmetric evaluation of rotenone extraction from leaves and seeds of mature Tephrosia vogelii plant

The percentage yield of rotenone extracted from Tephrosia vogelii leaves and seeds was investigated.  Ten samples of well ground leaves and seeds were each subjected to extraction in soxhlet extraction system using trichloromethane, ethanol and methanol solvents for 24 h at room temperature. The maximum absorption wavelength of rotenone was determined using Ultra violet-visible spectrophotometer.  Different...

Author(s): Kariuki, D. K. and Njiru, S. N.  

September 2018

African Journal of Pure and Applied Chemistry
Preliminary characterization of some natural dyes

A preliminary study on the chemical structure of dyes from Rothmannia hispidia, Pterocarpus osun and Terminalia superba was made using chemical tests, UV-visible and infrared spectroscopies. R. hispidia dye was found to contain an alkyl amino group (-NHR) and carbon-carbon double bond conjugated with a carbonyl (C = O) group, and also showed maximum absorption at 595 nm in the visible region. P. osun dye contains...

Author(s): Mercy Amarachukwu Ezeokonkwo, Sunday Nwankwo Okafor and Evelyn Uloma Godwin-Nwakwasi

September 2018

Journal of Chemical Engineering and Materials Science
Effects of artificial aging heat treatment on mechanical properties and corrosion behaviour of AA6XXX aluminium alloys

In this study, the effects of artificial aging heat treatment on mechanical properties and corrosion behaviour of AA6XXX alloy were investigated. The effects of artificial aging time on microstructure and mechanical properties of alloy were analysed and at the same time corrosion behaviour was determined by corrosion tests. For experimental investigations, the alloy samples prepared in appropriate sizes were heated to...

Author(s): Adem Onat  

September 2018

Journal of Accounting and Taxation
Capital structure and corporate financial distress of manufacturing firms in Nigeria

This paper investigated the effect of capital structure on corporate financial distress of manufacturing firms in Nigeria by employing panel corrected standard error (PCSE) technique. The variables used in the study are corporate financial distress, capital structure, firm size, assets tangibility, revenue growth, profitability and age of firms. The outcome of the research reveals that capital structure affects...

Author(s): Ikpesu Fredrick and Eboiyehi Osazemen C.  

September 2018

Journal of Accounting and Taxation
The effects of corporate governance codes in curbing fraudulent activities in private organisations in Nigeria

The rise of accounting scandals has prompted the need to improve the relevance of financial reporting by setting up good corporate governance structures. The relationship between corporate governance and fraudulent activities has been strongly debated in the developed countries. It is recently that attention has turned to the study of corporate governance and financial reporting in developing countries. This paper...

Author(s): Adigwe Pretty Dennis and Stanley Ogoun  

September 2018

Journal of Parasitology and Vector Biology
Prevalence of Schistosoma mansoni infection and associated factors in irrigation workers in Gamo Gofa and South Omo Zone, 2017: A Community based parasitological survey

Schistosomiasis is one of the most prevalent parasitic diseases and an important public health problem in many developing countries. In this era of global warming and climatic changes, the epidemiology of temperature-dependent infectious diseases could be changing implying the possibility of new transmission area in the world in general and in Ethiopia in particular. This study aims to assess the prevalence of...

Author(s): Meseret Girma, Eskezyiaw Agedew, Genet Gedeamu, Desta Haftu and Tsegaye Yohanes  

September 2018

African Journal of Cellular Pathology
Effect of formalin fixation on DNA purity and quantity, nucleic acid, and amplicon size in cervical human papilloma virus detection

Tissue fixation with 10% formalin and molten paraffin wax embedding (FFPE) is routinely used protocol for tissue preservation in histopathology laboratory. We therefore aimed at comparing the differences in DNA quantity, DNA purity, nucleic acid and its effect on primers (PCR) amplicon (bp) sizes between fresh cervical tissues and formalin fixed paraffin embedded (FFPE). The differences in DNA purity, quantity and...

Author(s): Oboma Y. I. and Ngokere A. A.  

September 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Impact of shade on morpho-physiological characteristics of coffee plants, their pests and diseases: A review

Traditionally, coffee plant has been considered as a shade demanding species and intolerant of direct sunlight, although it performs well without shade. Still controversy result and recommendation have been reported among investigators in the optimal shading level for coffee growth. This controversy will probably continue endlessly until the effects of shade up on the performance of morphology and physiology of the...

Author(s): Biruk Ayalew  

September 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
The use of Information Communication and Technology in advancement of African agriculture

Food security in Africa continues to be a big a challenge and one of the key constraints is lack of information on many facets of agricultural research and development to the key sector stakeholders. However, in recent years a wide range of Information Communication and Technology (ICT) platforms and mechanisms have been used across Africa in enhancement of exchange of agricultural related information for increased...

Author(s): Dionysious Kiambi  

September 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Use of renewable energy resources in agriculture the case of Turkey

The rapid growth in the world economy has led to significant increases in energy demand. However, due to the limited formation of fossil fuel reserves such as petroleum, coal and natural gas, and the damage they cause to the environment,it has brought the trend towards renewable energy sources.The main renewable energy sources that can be effectively utilized in agriculture sector are; solar, biomass, geothermal and...

Author(s): Bekir Yelmen  

September 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Agronomic effectiveness of water hyacinth-based composts

Because water hyacinth-based compost contains substantial amounts of nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P) and potassium (K) its application can boost crop production. We evaluated the agronomic performance of water hyacinth - based composts using field experiments and five treatments which were; water hyacinth compost made using cattle manure (WH+CM), poultry manure (WH+PM), molasses (WH+MO), water hyacinth alone (WH alone) and...

Author(s): Dennis Beesigamukama, Alice Amoding-Katusabe, John Baptist Tumuhairwe, John Muoma, John M. Maingi, Omwoyo Ombori, Josephine Nakanwagi  and Dative Mukaminega

September 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Bioactivity and phenolic composition of extracts of noni (Morinda citrifolia L., Rubiaceae) in tomato moth (Tuta absoluta Meyrick, 1917) (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae)

We evaluated the bioactivity of Morinda citrifolia L., Rubiaceae on Tuta absoluta (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae) and quantified the phenolic components. Ethanolic extracts of leaves and fruits were used in five concentrations (0.01, 0.02, 0.03, 0.04 and 0.05 mg / L). The leaves of the plants were immersed in the solution (10 s) and placed in contact with five caterpillars of the same instar in Petri dishes. The caterpillars...

Author(s): Rubens Pessoa de Barros, Ligia Sampaio Reis, João Gomes da Costa, Amanda Cunha Lima, Isabelle Cristina Santos Magalhães, Claudio Galdino da Silva, Aldenir Feitosa dos Santos, Jhonatan David Santos das Neves, Adriana Guimarães Duarte, Gabriela Souto Vieira de Mello, Johnnatan Duarte de Freitas, Jonas dos Santos Sousa and Simone Paes Bastos Franco  

September 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Determination of tomato drying conditions with solar energy family type shelf dryer

In this study, working parameters of the system consisting of air heaters and dryer with solar energy of 0.20 m2 with a space of 0.72 m2 and 10 pieces in the cabin were investigated experimentally. Average atmospheric air temperature and relative humidity values during the dry daylight hours were measured at 49°C and 35%, respectively. As a result of the examination of the test results, the atmospheric air...

Author(s): Bekir YELMEN  

September 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Effects of seed tuber size on growth and yield performance of potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) varieties under field conditions

Potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) is an important food and cash crop in Ethiopia; serving, as a food security crop due to its nutrition content, wider adaptability and early maturing behavior. However, the yield of the crop is constrained by a number of factors. Among which unspecified seed tuber size and limited availability and distribution of improved varieties are among the important limiting factors. A field experiment...

Author(s): Sadik Ebrahim, Hussien Mohammed and Tewodros Ayalew  

September 2018

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Antioxidant activity of extracts from Schinus molle L. and Gleditsia triacanthos L.

Methanolic and chloroform extracts obtained from various parts of Schinus molle and Gleditsia triacanthos were evaluated by DPPH radical scavenging assay. The methanolic extracts from S. molle showed scavenging activity ranging from 35.97±1.02 to 83.38±2.74%, while the chloroform seed extract showed relatively weak scavenging activity ranging from 8.20±1.02 to 68.82±3.17%. The IC50 values of...

Author(s): Manoharan Karuppiah Pillai, Kemelo Sanett Matela, Mosotho Joseph George and Sibusisiwe Magama  

September 2018

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Medicinal plants used for the management of hepatic ailments in Katsina State, Nigeria

People in Katsina State, Nigeria have been using medicinal plants to cure several ailments associated with liver since time immemorial; however the use of such plants was never documented. In this study, an ethnobotanical survey was conducted to document the medicinal plants used for the management of hepatic ailments in Katsina State, Nigeria. A semi-structured questionnaire method was adopted to interview 150...

Author(s): Sulaiman Sani Kankara, Abdulazeez Bashir Isah, Abubakar Bello, Abdulhamid Ahmed and Umar Lawal  

September 2018

Educational Research and Reviews
Examining the relationship between empathy for others and self-compassion in college students

This study examined the correlation between self-compassion and empathy for others in college students in order to better inform clinical work and outreach programming in university counseling centers. Preliminary analyses indicated that gender identity was a confounding variable; therefore, the main analyses were run distinctly for male and female identified participants. There was no important association between...

Author(s): Rachel M. Daltry , Kristin E. Mehr, Lindsay Sauers and Janelle Silbert

September 2018

Educational Research and Reviews
An investigation of fine arts students’ attitudes towards art education based on some variables

The purpose of the present study is to examine fine arts students’ attitudes towards art education based on some variables. The data were collected through the “Attitude Scale towards Art Education” developed by Ayaydın and Kurtuldu and “Personal Information Form” developed by the researcher. Cronbach’s alpha reliability coefficient of the 32-item-scale is .90. The research consists...

Author(s): Ceren SAYGI GERÇEKER

September 2018

Educational Research and Reviews
An investigation of prospective teachers’ views on concept teaching: A case of History

Numerous studies have been carried out to provide active and permanent learning in History teaching. However, the importance of concept teaching which is essential for active learning literally has been ignored. An effective History teaching can only be measured by teaching the concepts involved in the program in an effective way. An effective History teaching is not possible without learning definitions of concepts...

Author(s): Hali Servet     

September 2018

African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
Antibacterial activity of leaf and leaf callus extracts of Anisochilus carnosus (L) Wall.

The present study was carried out to determine the antibacterial efficacy of chloroform, petroleum ether, ethyl acetate, methanol, ethanol and aqueous extracts of leaf and leaf derived callus of Anisochilus carnosus against Bacillus cereus, Bacillus subtiltis, Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus pyogenes, Vibrio parahaemolytics, Enterobater aerogenes, Proteus mirabilis, and Klebseilla pneumoniae. The leaf segments were...

Author(s): Nissar Ahmad Reshi, Sudarshana Mysore Shankarasingh and Girish Vasanaika Hodiyala  

September 2018

African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
Acute skin irritation, acute and sub-acute oral toxicity studies of Rosmarinus officinalis essential oils in mice and rabbit

In Ankober, Northern Ethiopia, Rosmarinus officinalis has been commonly used for flavoring foods as a condiment; moreover, the plant has also been widely used for different medicinal purposes. The current study was undertaken to provide data on acute and subacute toxicity in mice as well as skin irritation of R. officinalis essential oil in rabbit. Acute dermal and oral toxicity tests were conducted using limited dose of...

Author(s): Berhan Mengiste, Kassahun Dires, Ermias Lulekal,  Mahlet Arayaselassie, Tizazu Zenebe, Gezu Feleke, Eyasu Makonnen and Awol Mekonnen  

September 2018

African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
Healing effect of the microemulsion enriched with hydroalcoholic extract of Abarema cochliacarpa (Gomes) Barneby & J. W. Grimes (Fabaceae)

Abarema cochliocarpa is an endemic plant of Brazil and has been traditionally used as a popular medicine to treat various diseases and mostly as a healing agent. The aim of this study was to evaluate the healing effect of the microemulsion containing hydrometanic fraction of the inner bark (HMF) of the plant, as well as its antioxidant, antitumor and cytotoxic potential. The cytotoxicity of HMF was assessed by the...

Author(s): Antônio Santos Dias, Clívia Rolemberg Andrade, André Luiz Lima Meneses Santos, Sabrina Zelice de Moraes, Jymmys Lopes dos Santos, Silvan Silva de Araújo, Andrea Yu Kwan Villar Shan, Jamylle Nunes de Souza Ferro, Marcelo Cavalcante Duarte, Emiliano de Oliveira Barreto, Anderson Carlos Marçal, Ricardo Luiz Cavalcante Albuquerque Júnior, Antonio Euzebio Goulart Santana, Brancilene Santos de Araújo  and Charles dos Santos Estevam

September 2018

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Isolation and characterization of actinomycetes with antimicrobial activity from the soil and the effect of the environmental factors on their antimicrobial activity

This study aimed at isolating and characterizing antibiotic producing actinomycetes from a specific geographic location Alba’qa, Jordan, with a known soil character, and study the effect of the environmental factors on their antimicrobial activity, in order to relate the actinomycetes flora to the environmental characteristics. Soils of the Alba’qa region are of uniform composition and contain antimicrobial...

Author(s): Samar Qaddoumi, Nasser EL-Banna and Hanin El-Banna  

September 2018

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Microbial contamination of the non-alcoholic beverage Gnamakoudji made from Zingiber officinale in Daloa, Côte d’Ivoire

Street food has become unavoidable in the current scheme of restoration in urban Africa. This study aimed to study the microbiological contamination of a refreshing artisanal drink, Gnamakoudji, made from Zingiber officinale sold in the city of Daloa (Côte d’Ivoire). Physicochemical tests showed that Gnamakoudji is an acidic drink (pH ≈ 3.83) and very sweet (0.2 gmL-1). Microbiological analyses...

Author(s): KOUASSI Kouassi Clément, VOKO Don-Rodrigue Rosin Bi, KOFFI Affoué Carole, KOUAME Konan Bekanti Eric-Bienvenue and KOFFI-NEVRY Rose    

September 2018

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Handling conditions and microbial contamination of fish from Ouagadougou markets in Burkina Faso

The purpose of this study was to analyze the handling conditions and microbial contamination of fish from Ouagadougou markets. In spite of the fact that fish consumption is linked to several events of alimentary infection in Burkina Faso, fewer studies were dedicated to this issue. The study was conducted using two approaches. First, an investigation conducted with fish sellers to evaluate handling hygienic conditions...

Author(s): Achille S. OUEDRAOGO, Adama OUEDA, Awa GNEME, Gueswendé L. SAVADOGO, Nicolas BARRO and Gustave B. KABRE

September 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Alellopathic effects of aqueous extracts from Bambusa vulgaris Schrad. Ex J. C. Wendl. on seed germination and vigor from Lactuca sativa

The aim of this work was to evaluate allelopathic effects of aqueous extracts from Bambusa vulgaris leaves and culm on Lactuca sativa L. germination. Plant material was collected at Dois Irmãos State Park in Recife, Brazil, and analysis was performed at Laboratory of Forest Seeds Analysis at Rural Federal University of Pernambuco. Experiments were conducted under natural conditions using leaf and culm extracts at...

Author(s): Danielle Roballo de Moura, Emmanoella Costa Guaraná Araujo, César Henrique Alves Borges, Luan Henrique Barbosa Araújo, Tarcísio Viana de Lima, Thiago Cardoso Silva and Camila Costa da Nóbrega  

September 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Opportunities and challenges of Islamic microfinance in livestock production: An evidence from Syria

Islamic rural microfinance represents the confluence of three rapidly growing activities: microfinance, Islamic finance and agricultural development. It has the potential to not only respond to unmet demand but also to combine the Islamic social principle of caring for the less fortunate with microfinance’s power to provide financial access to the poor people involved in rural farming. This paper aims to analyze...

Author(s): Salwa Almohamed and Darwish Cheikh  

September 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
A study of poultry farms in Enugu State Nigeria and mapping of their mechanization needs using Global Positioning System (GPS) and Geographical Information System (GIS)

Poultry has been identified by the World Bank funded Commercial Agricultural Development Program (CADP) as a value chain in the agricultural sector of Enugu State and thus has the potential for commercial agriculture. This work has investigated poultry farms in three production cluster areas in Enugu State namely: Emene (in Enugu East) located on 6.523815°N, 7.4151535°E and 1236 ft; Ngwo (in Enugu North/Udi)...

Author(s): Ozoemena A. Ani, B. B. Uzoejinwa, N. K. Alameze and E. U. Ezugwu  

September 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Analysis of a bacterial community structure and the diversity of phzF gene in samples of the Amazonian Dark Earths cultivated with cowpea [Vigna unguiculata (L.) Wald]

It is important to understand the Amazonian Dark Earth (ADE) diversified microbial communities which colonize agricultural soils and interact with plants, allowing a more sustainable way of soil utilization. Genomic prospection of biotechnological interest, such as the phenazine biosynthesis genes, was carried out by the characterization of the bacterial community structure through the analysis of the 16S rRNA gene in...

Author(s): Rosineide C. de Souza, Fabiana de S. Cannavan, Luís I. B. Kanzaki, Lucas W. Mendes, Beatriz M. Ferrari, Rogério E. Hanada and Siu M. Tsai  

September 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Hot water immersion disinfests enset (Ensete ventricosum) suckers from the enset root mealybug Cataenococcus ensete Williams and Matile-Ferrero

The enset root mealybug, Cataenococcus ensete Williams and Matile-Ferrero (Homoptera: Pseudococcidae) is a pest of national significance attacking enset in south and south-western Ethiopia. Adults and nymphs of several overlapping generations feed on the crops’ underground corms and roots, making them hard to reach and thus control. The main means of pest spread is through infested planting material. The objective...

Author(s): Sisay Lemawork, Ferdu Azerefegne, Tameru Alemu, Temesgen Addis and Guy Blomme  

September 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Combining ability of selected maize (Zea mays L.) inbred lines for major diseases, grain yield and selected agronomic traits evaluated at Melko, South West Oromia region, Ethiopia

The genetic potentials of resistance to turcicum leaf blight (TLB), grey leaf spot (GLS), and common rust (CR) disease, grain yield and selected agronomic trait were studied in 45 F1 hybrids from a half diallel following Griffing’s Model 1, Method 4. The 45 hybrids excluding parents were evaluated in 5 × 9 alpha lattice designs with three replications. The study was carried out at Jimma Agricultural Research...

Author(s): Gemechu Nedi, Leta Tulu, Sentayehu Alamerew and Dagne Wakgery  

September 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Diallel analysis in Citrullus mucosospermus (Fursa) for fruit traits

For the estimation of genetic parameters (such as heterosis effect, potence ratio, combining ability and reciprocal effects) of five fruit traits, in order to suggest breeding strategies in Citrullus mucosospermus (Fursa), a field trial was carried out at Kononfla city in Western Côte d’Ivoire using 4x4 full diallel. All 12 F1 hybrids and their parents were planted in a randomized complete block design with...

Author(s): Kouakou Fulgence BROU, Raoul Sylvère SIE, Koffi ADJOUMANI, Yao Didier Martial SARAKA, Badie Arnaud KOUAGO and Cynthia Deborah ADAHI  

September 2018

African Journal of Biotechnology
Characterization of fluorescent Pseudomonas from Oryza sativa L. rhizosphere with antagonistic activity against Pyricularia oryzae (SACC.)

The aim of this work was to select and characterize native Cuban fluorescent Pseudomonas from the rhizosphere of Oryza sativa with in vitro and in vivo antagonistic activity against Pyricularia oryzae. A total of 200 isolates were recovered with the typical growth and cultural characteristics of fluorescent Pseudomonas. The results showed that 12.5% of total isolates were capable of inhibiting mycelial growth, with...

Author(s): Annia Hernández-Rodríguez, Yanelis Acebo-Guerrero, Gema Pijeira Fernández, Acela Díaz de la Osa and Gloria Maria Restrepo-Franco  

September 2018

African Journal of Biotechnology
Chromium (III) and its effects on soil microbial activities and phytoremediation potentials of Arachis hypogea and Vigna unguiculata

The aim of this research was to evaluate the impact of chromium (III) nitrate on soil microbial activities and growth performance and phytoremediation potentials of two staple leguminous crops, namely cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) and groundnut (Arachis hypogea). Pristine sandy loam soil samples were polluted with nitrate salts of chromium (III) at four different levels (50, 100, 200 and 400 mg/kg) in triplicates. There...

Author(s): Chibuzor Nwadibe Eze, Chuks Kenneth Odoh, Emmanuel Aniebonam Eze, Paul Ikechukwu Orjiakor, Simeon Chukwuemeka Enemuor and Uchenna Jude Okobo  

September 2018

African Journal of Biotechnology
Phytochemical and proximate composition of cucumber (Cucumis sativus) fruit from Nsukka, Nigeria

Cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.) is very common, cultivated throughout the world and often eaten as a raw vegetable without cooking. In this study, the phytochemical and proximate compositions of cucumber were investigated. Quantitative phytochemical analysis of the homogenate of C. sativus fruit showed that reducing sugars (574.36 ± 3.88 mg/g) was highest amount when compared to other phytochemicals, alkaloids...

Author(s): Uzuazokaro Mark-Maria Agatemor, Okwesili Fred Chiletugo Nwodo and Chioma Assumpta Anosike  

September 2018

African Journal of Biotechnology
Trichoderma atroviride 102C1: A promising mutant strain for the production of a β-glucosidase, -xylosidase and -L-arabinofuranosidase activities using agroindustrial by-products

Holocellulolytic accessory enzymes are very important in assisting hydrolysis of biomass. The use of these enzymes in the enzymatic hydrolysis of plant biomass is very important for obtaining building blocks in the concept of biorefinery. In previous studies, the mutant strain Trichoderma atroviride 102C1 was tested for production of endoglucanases, FPases and endoxylanases. This study aimed at evaluating the efficiency...

Author(s): Jéssica Caroline Araujo SILVA, André Luiz Grigorevski-Lima, Elba Pinto da Silva BON, Rosalie Reed Rodrigues COELHO and Rodrigo Pires do NASCIMENTO

September 2018

Scientific Research and Essays
Accident severity analysis on national highways in Bangladesh using ordered probit model

National Highways of Bangladesh, where majority of fatal accident takes place, are considered as the accident-prone location. Statistics revealed that despite some major initiatives undertaken to improve road safety, death rate at National Highways of Bangladesh is quite high compared to other developed as well as developing nations. To understand the relationship between injury severity and accident factors,...

Author(s): Md Tanvir Siddique  

September 2018

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Isolation and characterization of pea plant (Pisum sativum L.) growth-promoting Rhizobacteria

Plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) are well-known to influence plant growth via a variety of mechanisms such as nitrogen fixation, production of volatile organic compounds and enzymes, and bioremediation contaminants from the environment. PGPR have been previously identified by other researchers using laboratory screening methods. It was hypothesized that relying on these routine laboratory tests, some PGPR...

Author(s): Noha Ibrahim Osman, and Shixue Yin  

September 2018

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Screening of bacteria isolated from the rhizosphere of maize plant (Zea mays L.) for ammonia production and nitrogen fixation

Eleven (11) rhizobacteria identified as Azospirillum sp. isolated from the rhizosphere of maize plants grown in Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria were evaluated for ammonia production and nitrogen fixation. The micro-Kjeldahl method was used for the screening of the isolates for nitrogen fixation. Nitrogenase activity ranging from 1.20 to 10.60% was detected in seven of the eleven isolates. Results show that treatments with...

Author(s): Patrick Okorie Richard, Abimbola Olumide Adekanmbi and Adeniyi Adewale Ogunjobi  

September 2018

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Predicting maize and soybean crops dry biomass through rhizobacteria microorganisms activity on foliar bio-fertilizer in an arid agro-climate: A multiple linear regression analysis

After previously showing rhizobacteria Pseudomonas fluorescence and foliar bio-fertilizer mixture as a suitable practice in improving maize and soybean crops development and dry biomass, this study thus embark on predicting the above-mentioned plants dry biomass feature through their yield and growth parameters by assessing P. fluorescence activities on foliar bio-fertilizer in an arid agro-climate. For this purpose,...

Author(s): Noel Dougba Dago, Nafan Diarrassouba, Martial Didier Yao Saraka, Jean-Luc Aboya Moroh, Inza Jesus Fofana,  Lamine Baba-Moussa and Adama Coulibaly  

Page 4 of 1138, showing 50 records out of 56876 total, starting on record 151, ending on 200