Articles

 

Articles

Page 5 of 1138, showing 50 records out of 56858 total, starting on record 201, ending on 250

September 2018

African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
Analysis of patient information leaflets on Artemisinin-based combination therapy

The objective of this research was to analyze the various patient information leaflets on Artemisinin-based combination therapy (ACTs) sold in Côte-D’Ivoire. A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted from January 1st to February 20th, 2016, that included all patient information leaflets relating to ACTs registered and marketed in Côte-d’Ivoire. The leaflets were compared to European...

Author(s): Thérèse Daubrey-Potey, Mamadou Kamagaté and Henri Die-Kacou  

September 2018

African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
Plasmodium falciparum drug resistance gene status in the Horn of Africa: A systematic review

Antimalarial drug resistance monitoring is the key factor in malaria control policy for early detection and subsequent prevention of drug resistance spread. This review was performed to collate all available data of P. falciparum resistant genes in the Horn of Africa as a baseline for future appraisal of the regional malaria control policy. The search of this review was performed in January 2018 using the scientific...

Author(s): Abdifatah Abdullahi Jalei, Wanna Chaijaroenkul and Kesara Na-Bangchang,  

September 2018

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Molecular phylogeny and genetic diversity studies of some potent endophytic fungi isolated from medicinal plants (Calotropis procera and Catharanthus roseus) using 18S rRNA and RAPD analysis

Molecular identification of four endophytic fungi (Penicillium singorense, Curvularia geniculata, Aspergillus neoflavipes and Alternaria alternata) from two important medicinal plants, Calotropis procera (L.) R.Br. and Catharanthus roseus (L.) G.Don. was carried out by 18SrRNA sequencing. Genetic diversity using two RAPD primer viz. OPB-07 and OPC-06 showed good result with high polymorphism between the four strains....

Author(s): Debjani Roy Chowdhury, Swapan Kumar Chattopadhyay and Subhash Kanti Roy

September 2018

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Detection of β-tubulin gene from benomyl sensitive isolates of Colletotrichum gloeosporioides causing anthracnose disease in mango

Twenty six isolates of Colletotrichum gloeosporioides from anthracnose infected mango fruits were isolated from different places of Tamil Nadu, India and these isolates were identified as C. gloeosporioides by Internal transcribed spacer (ITS) and species specific (CgInt) primers. The sensitivity of C. gloeosporioides isolates to benomyl fungicide were evaluated at five different concentrations viz., 0.5, 1, 2, 5, 10...

Author(s): Archana S., Raguchander T. and Prabakar K.

September 2018

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Sero-prevalence of hepatitis E virus (HEV) genotype 3 in goats from Sokoto Metropolis, Nigeria

Hepatitis E virus (HEV) is a cause for public health concern in many developing countries where sanitation conditions are poor. Increasing attention has been focused on the zoonotic nature of HEV. Goats, along with other species of small ruminants have been reported to be susceptible to HEV infection. This study was designed to determine the infection rate of HEV3 by detecting antibodies against capsid proteins of HEV...

Author(s): Alkali B. R., Shuaibu A. B., Bello M., Abubakar M. B. and Daneji A. I.  

September 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Allometric relationships and carbon content for biomass-carbon estimation of East African Highland Bananas (Musa spp. AAA-EAHB) cv. Kibuzi, Nakitembe, Enyeru and Nakinyika

Globally, interests to increase carbon stocks have gained momentum in both woody and non-woody ecosystems. Despite efforts made to generate appropriate methods to estimate these stocks, most equations developed do not cater for intraspecific variabilities across e.g. species, regions or growth stages; especially in the case of bananas. Therefore, there is need to develop more robust equations to improve on the precision...

Author(s): Daphine Kamusingize, Jackson Mwanjalolo Majaliwa, Everline Komutunga, Susan Tumwebaze, Kephas Nowakunda, Priver Namanya and Jerome Kubiriba  

September 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Performance of varieties of green manure in conventionally used soil

The objective of this research was to evaluate the performance of different types of summer green manures in conventionally used soil. This research project was carried out in the district of Concepción (Paraguay). A Randomised Complete Block Design (RCBD) was used, consisting of four treatments and five repetitions. The treatments were Mucuna pruriens (T1); Canavalia ensiformis (T2); Dolichos lablab (T3) and...

Author(s): Amilcar Isidro Servín Niz, Wilfrido Daniel Lugo Pereira, Derlys Fernando López Ávalos, Alexis Saúl Muñoz Pérez, Modesto Osmar Da Silva Oviedo and Eulalio Morel López  

September 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Response of potato to different soils and fecal matter fertilizers

Potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) is an important food and cash crop in Kenya. However, its production has declined over the years due to extensive nutrient mining without adequate replacement. A study was conducted to evaluate the response of potato grown under three soil types (Planosol, Andosol and Acrisol) using three fecal matter fertilizers (FMFs). This included vermicompost, normal compost and dried sludge. In...

Author(s): Kevin N. Juma, Lenah Nakhone, Amos A. O. Musandu, Samuel Nyalala, Joshua O. Ogendo and Lawrence Kimaru  

September 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Factors affecting the adoption of agricultural innovations on underutilized cereals: The case of finger millet among smallholder farmers in Kenya

Agricultural innovation adoption is fundamental in increasing incomes and food output in developing countries. However, the factors that influence farmers’ decisions to adopt innovations in underutilized crops are not well-documented. Underutilized crops like finger millet have been an alternative form of sustenance for resource-poor farmers especially in arid and semi-arid areas in Kenya. They are more nutritive...

Author(s): Rebecca Jerop, Peter Dannenberg, George Owuor, Patience Mshenga, Paul Kimurto Maximilian Willkomm and Gideon Hartmann  

September 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Productive capacity of Brachiaria brizantha (Syn. Urochloa brizantha) cv. Marandu subjected to liming and nitrogen application

This work aims to evaluate production of Brachiaria brizantha (Syn. Urochloa brizantha) cv. Marandu subjected to liming and nitrogen fertilization on climatic conditions in the municipality of Humaitá State of Amazonas, Amazônia, Brazil. For both, pot experiment with soil after sowing was kept in a greenhouse at the Institute of Agriculture and Environmental Education (IEAA / UFAM). Part of the soil pots...

Author(s): Raimundo Nonato Vieira Teixeira, Carlos Eduardo Pereira, Hamilton Kikuti, Bruno Borges Deminicis and Tiago Neves Pereira Valente    

September 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Soil nitrate, phosphorus and potassium concentration after four years of liquid swine manure application on Tifton 85

One major problem of swine production is the huge volume of manure generated; this involve difficulties in proper handling of the residue when applied to the soil, given that such elements can be toxic to the environment. This study examined the vertical movement of the P, K and mineral N in the soil profile cultivated with Cynodon dactylon cv. Tifton 85 which was submitted consecutively to rates of Liquid Swine Manure...

Author(s): Tangriani Simioni Assmann, Alceu Luiz Assmann, Laércio Ricardo Sartor, and Talyta Zortéa  

September 2018

African Journal of Biotechnology
Evaluation of the effects of plant aqueous extracts as anti-diabetic agents on alloxan induced diabetic male rabbits

This study investigates the effect of barley (Hordeum vulgare), black plum (Syzygium cumini) and Chinese tree leaves (Pistacia chinesis) aqueous extracts  on serum glucose, cholesterol, urea, uric acid level and body weight of normal and alloxan-induced diabetic male rabbits. Rabbits were kept in fasting condition for 12 h, then diabetes was induced using alloxan monohydrate (150 mg/Kg) . From the 7th day of...

Author(s): Hadia Akber Samoo, Jagarwanti Maheshwari, Atta Muhammad Babar, Ather Hameed Sheikh, Imrana Khushk, Muhammad Aqeel Bhutto, Jawaid Ahmad Khokhar, Abdul Sattar Qureshi, Syed Akbar Shah and Aftab Hussain Khaskheli  

September 2018

African Journal of Biotechnology
Genetic diversity in Radix species from the middle and south of Iraq based on simple sequence repeats

Ten newly developed microsatellite loci were isolated from an AG20 and CAG20 enriched genomic DNA library of Radix sp. from Iraq. The simple sequence repeats (SSR) comprised 76.0% di-, 20.0% tri- and 4.0% tetra-nucleotide repeats. The number of alleles for all 10 loci ranged from 4 to 18, with a mean of 11.3 alleles per locus. The observed (Ho) and expected heterozygosity (He) values varied from 0.286 to 0.8670.927...

Author(s): Ali BM Al-Waaly, Kanokporn Triwitayakorn, Nattaya Srisawad, Duncan R Smith, Mohammad K Mohammad and Supajit Sraphet

September 2018

African Journal of Biotechnology
Antioxidant activity of essential oil of three cultivars of Amomum subulatum and standardization of high performance thin layer chromatography (HPTLC) method for the estimation of 1,8-cineole

Essential oils of the fruits of three cultivars of Amomum subulatum (Family-Zingiberaceae), such as varlangy, seremna and sawney were isolated. Antioxidant potential was determined using 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) and 2,2'-azino-bis(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulphonic acid) (ABTS) scavenging and FeCl3-reducing models and the presence of 1,8-Cineole was quantified using the developed high performance thin...

Author(s): Aftab Alam and Rita Singh Majumdar  

September 2018

African Journal of Biotechnology
Reduction of organic load from palm oil mill effluent (POME) using selected fungal strains isolated from POME dump sites

Environmental concerns are becoming important global tasks. Palm oil mill effluent (POME) contains oil and grease and also rich in organic matter in the form of total suspended solids which can increase biochemical oxygen demand (BOD) and chemical oxygen demand (COD) of POME. It is generated in huge quantities during the production of crude palm oil and pollutes land, water and atmosphere if left untreated. The current...

Author(s): Suseela Lanka and Muralidhar Pydipalli  

September 2018

African Journal of Biotechnology
Variation of concentrations of thymol and carvacrol in the essential oil of thymus satureoides during aging

The aim of this work is to do a stability study of two chemo-typical active ingredients (thymol and carvacrol) of the essential oil of thyme “Thymus satureoides” collected from Azilal Region, Morocco. Specimen identification was performed for the raw obtained plant materials and the  essential oil extraction carried out through initial and final chemical characterization of the essential oil - at t = 0...

Author(s): Imad Eddine Elkacimi, Yahia Cherrah and Katim Alaoui

August 2018

Khartoum University Journal of Management Studies
Problems and challenges of management practice in emerging economies: An explanatory commentary on African context with emphasis on Nigeria

This paper discussed the problems and challenges of management practice in emerging economies with a focus on African societies. It adopted a theoretic analytic approach in the study and discussion of the subject matter, identified seven specific approaches commonly adopted by managers in Africa using Nigeria as a pointer, and posited that each approach reflects at least one of the prevailing features. The factors which...

Author(s): M.O.M. Akpor-Robaro  

August 2018

Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health
Prevalence of bovine trypanosomosis and associated risk factor in Jimma Horro District, Kellem Wollega Zone, Western Ethiopia

Trypanosomosis is a serious disease that causes a significant production loss in cattle. A cross sectional study was conducted in Jimma Horro District of Kellem Wollega Zone, Western Ethiopia to determine prevalence and associated risk factors of bovine trypanosomosis from October 2016 to October 2017. Blood samples from randomly selected 384 cattle of both sex and different age group were collected and examined with...

Author(s): Dereje Tulu, Surra Gebeyehu, Negash Aseffa and Chaluma Negera  

August 2018

Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science
Potential in a collection of adapted and exotic tropical maize inbred lines as resistance source for stem borers

Lepidopteran borers are the most devastating field pests of maize in West and Central Africa. In view of the rapidly changing climate which favours an upsurge of more destructive biotypes of insect pests, diverse sources of resistance from different genetic backgrounds need to be harnessed for crop improvement purposes. Forty tropical maize inbreds comprising adapted and exotic lines from International Institute of...

Author(s): Qudrah Olaitan Oloyede-Kamiyo, Sam Oyewole Ajala and Anthony Oluwatoyosi Job  

August 2018

Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science
Agro-morphological characterization of some taro (Colocasia esculenta (L.) Schott.) germplasms in Ghana

Taro (Colocasia esculenta (L) Schott.) is one of the underutilized crops in Ghana which has great potential in terms of food and nutritional value. Eighteen (18) accessions collected from Samoa (8), Malaysia (2), Indonesia (2) and Ghana (6) were studied under field conditions to collect data on their agro-morphological characteristics and yield potential for the development of the crop. The study was conducted at...

Author(s): R. Boampong, L. M. Aboagye, D. Nyadanu and M. Esilfie  

August 2018

Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science
Varietal screening for resistance against field and storage crop pests: An implication for Ethiopian crop variety development

Food security in developing countries like Ethiopia has been a challenge for many years due to pre and post-harvest losses of agricultural products which are caused by different biotic and abiotic factors.  Grain losses from pest infestation prior to harvest and during storage are a serious problem, particularly in developing countries like Ethiopia. More than 70% insect pests have been identified; they attack...

Author(s): Muez Berhe Gebremdein  

August 2018

African Journal of Food Science
Antioxidants activity of the cyanobacterium, Arthrospira (Spirulina) fusiformis cultivated in a low-cost medium

Spirulina species are known to have a good nutritional profile and antioxidant properties against reactive oxygen species. However, little is known about the antioxidant contents and the scavenging ability of Arthrospira fusiformis, cultivated under various conditions. This study aimed at evaluating the content of antioxidants (total phenols, total flavonoids, β-carotene, and lycopene) and the activity of A....

Author(s): Angelina Michael, Margareth S. Kyewalyanga, Matern S. Mtolera and Charles V. Lugomela  

August 2018

African Journal of Food Science
Nutritional potential of underutilized gum arabic tree seeds (acacia nilotica) and locust bean seeds (Parkia biglobosa)

Acacia nilotica seed (ANS) and Parkia biglobosa seed (PBS) are underutilised legume found to have health benefits and functional properties. This study determined nutrient composition of A. nilotica and P. biglobosa seeds. ANS and PBS were collected and processed properly for chemical analysis. The proximate, minerals, vitamins, essential amino-acids, and antinutrient composition were analyzed to ascertain nutritional...

Author(s): Ajayi K., Adepoju O. T., Taiwo O. M., Omojola S. T. and Aladetuyi M. E.  

August 2018

African Journal of Food Science
Physicochemical, microbiological and sensory characteristics of cashew milk formulated yoghurt

Cashew yoghurt was formulated using cashew kernel milk. The physicochemical, microbiological and organoleptic assessment of the resulting product was examined and compared with commercial yoghurts. Results indicated that crude protein of 16.8% for cashew milk yoghurt compared favorably with 14.82% of commercial yoghurt. Caloric value of cashew yoghurt (133.06 kJ) was higher than that obtained for commercial yoghurts...

Author(s): Jayeola Olayinka, Yahaya Eugene, Ogunwolu Olalekan, Igbinadolor Richard and Mokwunye Chuka  

August 2018

International Journal of Livestock Production
Small ruminant production and constraints in Misha Woreda, Hadiya Zone, Southern Ethiopia

The study was conducted in Misha Woreda, Hadiya Zone, Southern Ethiopia with aim of assessing the production and challenges of small ruminant animals. Data was collected via questionnaire, interview and group discussion. For the study, 4 Kebeles were taken randomly and from each kebele, 20 households were selected purposively based on the experience and involvement of small ruminant production. The result indicated that...

Author(s): Shigute Etalema and Anja Abera

August 2018

International Journal of Livestock Production
Ethiopian native chicken productivity, aims of production and breeding practices across agro-climatic zones

This study was conducted to characterize flock size, composition, productivity, motivational drivers, and breed selection criteria in village chicken production systems of lowlands, midlands, and highlands of Ethiopia. Data were collected at 360 rural households of which 120 were from lowland, 160 midland, and 80 highlands. A standardized questionnaire was used to collect the data using person to person interview...

Author(s): Zemelak Goraga, Cassio Wilbert and Luizinho Caron

August 2018

International Journal of Livestock Production
Determination of bee spacing and comb cell dimensions for Apis mellifera Scutellata honeybee race in western Ethiopia

A study was conducted at Assosa and Mao-komo districts of Benishangul-gumuz regional state, western Ethiopia, aiming to determine the bee spacing and cell dimensions of honeybee race Apis mellifera scutellata. The measurement of bee spacing and cell dimensions were taken from 20 traditional hives at each agro-ecology. Assosa and Mao-komo districts were purposively selected to represent mid-altitude and highland...

Author(s): Mulisa Faji, Alemayehu Abebe, Diribi Mijena, Fekadu Begna and Alayu Tarekegn

August 2018

International Journal of Livestock Production
Potential risk factors associated with carcass contamination in slaughterhouse operations and hygiene in Oyo state, Nigeria

Avoiding meat contamination at slaughterhouses is crucial for food safety; consumers’ awareness and concern for the type of food they eat has attracted global attention and redirected research interests towards food safety. The practical hygiene in the slaughterhouse operations play key role in the safety and wholesomeness of meat. A cross sectional survey was carried out on 60 slaughterhouses in Ibadan, Oyo and...

Author(s): Fasanmi O. G., Makinde G. E. O., Popoola M. A., Fasina O. F., Matere J., Kehinde O. O, Balogun F. A. and Ogundare S. T.

August 2018

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology
Determinants of modern contraceptive use among fertile women in Debark districts, North West Ethiopia

This study examined and identified the determinants of modern contraceptive use among fertile women in Debark district. In order to meet the objective descriptive, multiple logistic regression and multilevel logistic regression statistical techniques were used for data analysis. The results of multiple logistic regressions showed that health center, place of residence, marital status, access to media, environmental...

Author(s): Mebetu Gebre Demozie, Kidanemariam Alem Berhie and Asrat Atsedeweyn Andargie

August 2018

Journal of Parasitology and Vector Biology
Review on the epidemiological features of equine Endoparasites in Ethiopia

Equines contributed a lot to the livelihood of Ethiopian people in terms of income generation, public transport, ploughing, threshing and ambulatory service for sick humans and animals, however various health problems hamper their contributions and of which endoparasitism is the major one. A number of epidemiological studies conducted in different part of Ethiopia point out the burden and type of endoparasites...

Author(s): Dagim Berhanu Gebresilassie and Bamlaku Andarge  

August 2018

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology
Statistical model of weight outcome among college students

The issue of weight outcome is a common problem across all ages in the world, regardless of being a male or female. Studies show  that its cause is more associated with insufficient physical activities due to technological addicts and improper eating habits. However, this study sought to find out whether the predictors by authorities are in existent among college students in this part of the country. In a cross...

Author(s): Maxwell Seyram Kumah, Awuitor Godwin Kofi, Dorkenoo Bridget Aku and Kumi John Newton

August 2018

Journal of Parasitology and Vector Biology
Evaluation of metacestode of Taenia solium antigens for detection of anti-cysticercal IgG among patients with epilepsy in three districts of Northern Uganda

Neurocysticercosis causes serious public health and socioeconomic problems in developing countries including Uganda. The aim of the study was to evaluate the metacestodes of Taenia solium (T. solium) antigens for detection of anticysticercal Immunoglobulin G (IgG) antibodies among patients with epilepsy in three districts of Northern Uganda. Three hundred (300) random samples were screened for anticysticercal IgG using...

Author(s): Simon Peter Alarakol, Moses Lotokome Joloba, Walter Onen Yagos  and Emmanuel Odongo Aginya  

August 2018

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology
Factors associated with birth preparedness and complication readiness among antenatal clinic attendants in selected public Hospitals in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia: Institution based cross sectional study

Birth preparedness and complication readiness is a comprehensive strategy aimed in promoting timely access to skilled maternal and neonatal services. It also facilitates active preparation and decision making for delivery by pregnant women. The aim of this study was to assess birth preparedness and complication readiness plans of antenatal clinic attendees in selected public Hospitals of Addis Ababa. Institution based...

Author(s): Hawi Chala, Sahilu Asseged, Demelash Woldeyohannes and Yohannes Tekalegn

August 2018

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology
Cancer survival in Brazil: Estimate through the mortality to incidence ratio

Information about cancer incidence, mortality and survival is one of the pillars for disease monitoring. In Brazil, only a few studies show population-based survival. The mortality to incidence ratio (M:I) is an indirect measure of cancer survival and can be used to estimate a population cancer survival. To calculate the mortality to incidence ratios (M:I), an official information for incidence and mortality rates in...

Author(s): Rejane de Souza Reis and Alfredo José Monteiro Scaff

August 2018

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology
Health problems related to algal bloom among seaweed farmers in coastal areas of Tanzania

There is a scarcity of research-based data on the factors associated with skin irritation due to algal blooms in seaweed farming. Changes in temperature with an increase in nutrients levels lead to the growth of harmful algal blooms, which produce many active metabolites, some of which induce toxic responses in human including skin irritation. The objective of this study was to identify health problems experienced by...

Author(s): Aziza, H. Said, , , Flower, E. Msuya, Margareth, S. Kyewalyanga, Aviti, J. Mmochi, Evalyn, W. Mwihia, Eystein Skjerve, Helena, A. Ngowi and Jan, L. Lyche

August 2018

Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health
An observational and questionnaire based study on principles of herd health management on Jimma University dairy farms

The study was in Jimma University dairy farm with objective to assess the dairy management aspects of Jimma University dairy farm and to identify the herd health problems of the dairy farm. Ethiopia has a large number of livestock populations and holds the 1st rank in Africa. Despite the huge number of cattle and their economic importance, the productivity is low due to constraints of disease, nutrition, poor...

Author(s): Semayat Oyda and Teferi Mandado  

August 2018

Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytotherapy
Evaluation of the therapeutic and toxicological knowledge of herbalists on the most notified plants in the poison control and pharmacovigilance center of Morocco

According to the World Health Organization, 80% of the population in developing countries is engaged in traditional medicine. Consequently, the issue of poisoning by plants is not negligible. The objective of this study is to evaluatethe therapeutic and toxicological knowledge of herbalists of the most reported plants in the anti-poison center of Morocco. Field study by direct interview with 20 herbalists of the...

Author(s): Imane Zakariya, Jihane Ifezouane, Amal Addaoui, Souad Skalli and Yassir Bouslimane

August 2018

Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytotherapy
The Mexican mistletoe Struthanthus venetus (HBK Blume) inhibits proliferation and synergizes antagonistic actions of Tamoxifen and Fulvestrant in breast cancer MCF-7 cells

Mistletoes are hemi-parasitic plants widely distributed around the world, used in folk medicine to treat many diseases including diabetes, hypertension, menopausal syndrome and as complementary or adjuvant treatment for cancer. The objective of the present work was the evaluation of oestrogenic activity of hydromethanolic extract of mistletoe Struthanthus venetus dried leaves (StvHME), to evaluate its potential benefits...

Author(s): Marte Lorenzana-Jiménez, María Estela Avila, Alejandra Figueroa, Lorena Mendiola-Almaraz, Gil Alfonso Magos Guerrero and Cristina Lemini  

August 2018

Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytotherapy
Protective effect of ethanolic extract of Cucurbita maxima (PUMPKIN) leaf on acetaminophen-induced acute liver toxicity

Ethanolic extract of dried leaves of Cucurbita maxima (Pumpkin) were screened for their phytochemical composition. The in vitro antioxidant property was determined by assessing the free radical (DPPH) scavenging activity. Twenty rats divided into four groups were used for this study with group 4 pre-treated with the extract and later intoxicated with 2 g/kg single dose of acetaminophen. The hepatoprotective effect of...

Author(s): Michael Okey Enemali, Titilayo Oluwayemisi Bamidele and Mohammed Abdullahi Ubana

August 2018

African Journal of Bacteriology Research
Enteric bacterial communities associated with the Omubhira Stream in Kakamega County, Kenya

The present study was undertaken to establish the distribution and diversity of enteric bacterial communities along the Omubhira stream and also determine if physico-chemical parameters influence their distribution in water in terms of total coliforms (TC) and Escherichia coli. Stratified random sampling was used and four strata with 15 selected sampling sites identified along the stream. Selection of the sampling sites...

Author(s): Menya A. A., Shivoga A. W. and Wawire S. A.

August 2018

African Journal of Bacteriology Research
Physicochemical analysis and microbial quality of cow butter obtained from Menz district of Amhara region, Ethiopia

Menz has long been known for its quality butter production but traditional milk products are generally reported to be of substandard quality. Therefore, this investigation was conducted to access physiochemical and microbial quality of butter from Menz district along the market value chain. The study was conducted by using laboratory analysis of physiochemical and microbial quality. The microbiological count data were...

Author(s): Lina Gazu, Tewodros Eshete and Getachew Kassa  

August 2018

Journal of Geology and Mining Research
Investigation of magnetic anomalies of Abakaliki area, Southeastern Nigeria, using high resolution aeromagnetic data

Aeromagnetic data over Abakaliki area of lower Benue trough, Nigeria was interpreted qualitatively and quantitatively using Oasis montaj software. The qualitative interpretation unveiled basic intrusive bodies like dykes, laccolites and batholitic bodies in the area. It also revealed fault zone which trends southeastern part of the study area. Quantitative interpretation was carried out by forward and inverse modeling,...

Author(s): Daniel N. Obiora, Julius I. Idike, Andrew I. Oha, Chijioke G. Soronnadi-Ononiwu, Ngozi A. Okwesili and Mirianrita N. Ossai  

August 2018

Journal of Geology and Mining Research
Interpretation of high resolution aeromagnetic data to determine sedimentary thickness over part of Bida Basin, North Central Nigeria

This study focuses on the quantitative interpretation of aeromagnetic data to estimate the thickness of sediments over part of Bida Basin so as to identify possible areas of hydrocarbon potential. The study area covers an area of 24,200 km2 located between latitude 8° 30ꞌN and 9° 30ꞌN and longitudes 5° 00ꞌE and 7° 00ꞌE. Aeromagnetic data in grid format containing eight sheets were analysed and...

Author(s): Oke I. Okwokwo, Adebayo A. Adetona, Taiwo Adewumiand Sunday O. Adediran    

August 2018

Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development
Technological gaps of agricultural extension: Mismatch between demand and supply in North Gondar Zone, Ethiopia

This paper examines technological challenges of the agricultural extension in North Gondar Zone of Ethiopia. Understanding technological gaps in public agricultural extension helps to devise demand driven and compatible technologies to existing contexts of farmers. The study used cross sectional survey using quantitative and qualitative techniques. Data were generated from primary and secondary sources using household...

Author(s): Genanew Agitew, Sisay Yehuala, Asegid Demissie and Abebe Dagnew  

August 2018

Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development
Factors affecting paddy farmers' perception of utilizing agricultural machines in Indonesia

This paper aims to identify factors affecting farmers’ negative perception on utilizing rice transplanters and combine harvesters. To this end, data obtained from interview survey in the westernmost part of Java Island, Banten Province was analyzed, where agricultural labor wages increase at a faster pace as compared to other regions and a rapid diffusion of agricultural mechanization is anticipated. The...

Author(s): Ani Pullaila, Eka Rastiyanto Amrullah, Yati Astuti and Akira Ishida  

August 2018

Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health
The efficacy of Ovopet® in the treatment of hip dysplasia in dogs

Hip dysplasia is a widespread condition that can affect dogs of all ages. Hip dysplasia is caused by a subluxation in the hip joint. This leads to the development of osteoarthritis that causes inflammation and pain. At this sight, the efficacy of a supplement with Ovopet®, eggshell membrane, was evaluated together with its tolerability and safety. Forty client-owned medium sized arthritic dogs were treated daily for...

Author(s): Andrés Aguirre, Erena Gil-Quintana, Marisa Fenaux, Nuria Sanchez and Celina Torre  

August 2018

Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health
A study of Newcastle disease virus in poultry from live bird markets and backyard flocks in Kenya

A countrywide cross-sectional study was conducted to determine the presence of Newcastle disease virus (NDV) in poultry in live bird markets (LBMs) and backyard poultry farms in Kenya. A total of nine hundred and twenty two (922) poultry in backyard flocks and four hundred and fifty four (454) poultry in LBMs were examined. Overall, NDV was detected in 10.1% (46/454) of the poultry sampled in live bird markets. In...

Author(s): Irene Nafula Ogali, Erick Ouma Mungube, Jacqueline Kasiiti Lichoti, Moses Were Ogugo and Sheila Cecily Ommeh  

August 2018

Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development
Participatory on farm evaluation of improved mungbean technologies in the low land areas of North Shewa Zone Amhara Region, Ethiopia

The study was conducted in four selected potential areas of North Shewa zone namely; Kewot, Efratana gidim, Ensaro and Merhabete district. The main objective of the study was to evaluate, select the best performing mungbean varieties and to assess farmer’s technology preference. The experiment was done using three improved varieties namely; Rasa (N-26), NLV-1, and Arkebe improved varieties and local variety as a...

Author(s): Yehuala Kassa, Daneil Admasu, Abiro Tigabe, Amsalu Abie and Dejene Mamo  

August 2018

Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science
Evaluation of constraints in production of root and tuber crops in Ethiopia: Overview of policy neglected climate resilient food security crops

The objective of the current study was to examine the major constraints in production of root and tuber crops in Ethiopia with emphasis on identifying the policy gaps. This appraisal was based on survey report of Central Statistical Agency (CSA) for the period of 2011 to 2015. Data of CSA report was chosen for the current study with the view to gain an overview of policy packages in root crops in contrast with other...

Author(s): Semeredin Yimer and Tsegaye  Babege  

August 2018

Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics
Effects of marketing costs on gross margin: Evidence from guinea corn retailers in Wukari, Taraba State, Nigeria

This study assessed the effects of marketing costs on the gross margin of guinea corn retailers in Wukari, Taraba State, Nigeria. The main aim of the study is not to only obtain precise costs and margins estimates for the conventional marketing functions of guinea corn, but rather to make the result of the analyses usable to devise a policy framework for an effective marketing strategy and improvement in the efficiency...

Author(s): G. O. Onogwu, Osayi, Chinwe Prisca and K. I. Okeke-Agulu  

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