Articles

 

Articles

Page 5 of 1155, showing 50 records out of 57748 total, starting on record 201, ending on 250

February 2019

Journal of Soil Science and Environmental Management
Effect of Sulphur application and water salinity on soil and plant properties

The main objective of this work was to study the effect of sulphur application and irrigation water quality on some soil properties of the calcareous, alluvial and sandy soils. A lysimeter experiment was conducted and filled with calcareous, alluvial and sandy soils to evaluate the impact of using elemental sulfur on the yields and mineral uptake of wheat plant. The experiment was cultivated with wheat plant (Triticum...

Author(s): Ahmed Ibrahim Mohamed, Ahmed Osman Mohamed and Ozories Mohamed Ali  

February 2019

Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health Sciences
Acute toxicity evaluation of water extract stem barks of Balanites aegyptiaca on adults of three different fish species

A 96 h static toxicity bioassay was carried out to examine fish responses and to determine the median lethal concentration (LC50) of Balanites aegyptiaca stem bark extract on adults of Brycinus nurse, Labeobarbus bynni and Labeobarbus intermedius. Experimental fish were exposed to piscicide plant extract of 0.0 (control), 15.0, 17.5, 20.0, 22.5, and 25.0 mgL-1. Fish exposed to these extracts except the control showed...

Author(s): Alamrew Eyayu, and Abebe Getahun  

February 2019

Journal of Horticulture and Forestry
Comparative field survival and growth of selected Ethiopian native tree species and the effect of whole soil arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi inoculation

Tree species selection and seedlings lack of infective arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) could potentially contribute to low forest restoration success in Ethiopia. Hence, we evaluated the comparative field performance of Cordia Africana (C. africana), Juniperus procera (J. procera), and Podocarpus falcatus (P. falcatus) seedlings and the effect of whole soil AMF inoculation. Seedlings prepared using the existing...

Author(s): Fisseha Asmelash, Tamrat Bekele and Zerihun Belay  

February 2019

International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation
Using citizen science in assessing the distribution of Sarus Crane (Grus antigone antigone) in Uttar Pradesh, India

The Indian Sarus Crane (Grus antigone antigone), is the world's tallest flying bird and a globally 'Vulnerable' species as per IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. It is the only resident breeding crane in India. Citizen scientists currently play active roles in a varied range of ecological assignments, and their contributions have enabled scientists to collect large amounts of data at minimal cost. eBird is...

Author(s): Adesh Kumar, Ankit Sinha and Amita Kanaujia,

February 2019

International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation
Activity budget of captive Drill monkeys Mandrillus leucophaeus (Cuvier) in Limbe Wildlife Center, Southwest Region, Cameroon

Drill monkeys (Mandrillus leucophaeus) are known to be the most endangered species of primates in Africa. Hunting and habitat loss are believed to be the major causes of the species decline in Cameroon. It is for this reason that the study explored the behaviour of captive drills in Limbe Wildlife Centre (LWC) in line with reintroduction plan. Data collection started in May 15th 2016 and ended in August 15th 2016. Scan...

Author(s): Melle Ekane Maurice, Nkwatoh Athanasius Fuashi, Tim Killian Lengha and Viku Bruno Agiamte-Mbom  

February 2019

International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation
Breeding biology of red wattled lapwing (Vanellus Indicus) from Southern Punjab, Pakistan

This study documented some aspects of breeding biology of Red Wattled Lapwing (Vanellus indicus) such as breeding season, nest structure, clutch size, incubation period, hatching and fledgling success in Bahawalpur District. We selected 6 sites for the observation; barren, open, cultivated, grassy, area along road sides, and constructed areas with the common vegetation of Cynodon dactylon, Ziziphus mauritiana, Albizia...

Author(s): Sangam Khalil, Tanveer Hussain, Maqsood Anwar, Muhammad Rafay, Muhammad Abdullah, Muneeb Khalid, Menal Tariq, Saima Sarwar, Rana Tabish and Irfan Ashraf

February 2019

African Journal of Business Management
Religiosity and consumer behavior in developing countries: An exploratory study on Muslims in the context of Burkina Faso

The interest of researchers on religiosity and consumer behavior is explained by the fact that religion has an influence, not only on the social behavior of individuals, but also on their consumption behavior (Fam et al., 2004; Nasse, 2006; Mansori, 2012; Diop, 2012). Most of the studies on the topic are from Western and Asian countries. Little research on the subject has been conducted in Africa and particularly in...

Author(s): Théophile Bindeouè Nasse,, Alidou Ouédraogo and Fatou Diop Sall  

February 2019

African Journal of Business Management
Impact of non-performing assets on the profitability in Indian scheduled commercial banks

Banking in modern times is the kingpin of all economic activities. It is instrumental in shaping the economic destiny of a country. Banks are considered as the nerve-centres of economics and finance of any nation and the barometer of its economic prospective. Since the banks have stupendous investment potential, they can make a significant contribution in eliminating poverty and problem of unemployment. It can bring...

Author(s): Kavitha Nachimuthu and Muthukrishna Veni  

February 2019

African Journal of Business Management
The growth determinants of micro and small enterprises and its linkages with food security: The case of Mecha district, Amhara region, Ethiopia

The study assessed the growth determinants of micro and small enterprises (MSEs) and its linkages with food security in Mecha district of Amhara region. The research was conducted to fill the empirical gaps regarding the linkages of MSEs growth with food security. Previous researches conducted in Ethiopia on the MSEs growth did not explicitly show the relationships of the growth of those enterprises on households’...

Author(s): Yikeber Yimesgen  

February 2019

Journal of Horticulture and Forestry
Socio-economic importance of highland bamboo (Yushania alpina K. Schum) and challenges for its expansion in Bibugn District, East Gojjam, Ethiopia

Highland bamboo (Yushania alpina) plays an important role in various socio-economic aspects in Ethiopia. However, these socio-economic roles and the associated challenges have not been studied in Bibugn District of East Gojjam, Ethiopia. Therefore, this study was conducted to assess the socio-economic importance of highland bamboo and the associated challenges for its expansion. For this study, four rural sub-districts...

Author(s): Yohannes Walie Guadie, Debela Hunde Feyssa and Dereje Bekele Jiru  

February 2019

African Journal of Plant Science
Family Neuradaceae J. G. Agardh in Saudi Arabia

Morphological characters, seed coat sculpturing (SEM) of seed, leaf, pollen grains and also a key aspects were revisited to revise relationships between dissimilar taxa of the genus Neurada in Saudi Arabia. The present revision shows the occurrence of three distinctive varieties (var. procambens, var. al-eisawii and var. stellate); the last two varieties considered a new registration in Flora of Saudi...

Author(s): Behery, M. K.  

February 2019

African Journal of Plant Science
Genetic variability studies of some quantitative traits in cowpea (Vigna unguiculata l. [walp]) under water stress

This research was conducted to study genetic variability of some quantitative traits in varieties of cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L. [Walp.]) under water stressed in Zaria Sudan Savannah, Nigeria. Seven varieties of cowpea (Sampea 1, Sampea 2, IAR1074, Sampea 7, Sampea 8, Sampea 10 and Sampea 12) collected from Institute for Agricultural Research, Samaru, Zaria, were screened for tolerance to water stress. The seeds were...

Author(s): Magashi A. I., Shawai R. S., Muhammad A. and Ibrahim M. B.  

February 2019

African Journal of Plant Science
Correlations and path Analysis of some quantitative characters in barley (Hordeum vulgareum L.) landraces in western Oromia, Ethiopia

Barley is recognized as one of the oldest cereal crop in Ethiopia grown for various uses. The knowledge of the association between various yield components and yield is paramount important for effective selection in crop improvement. The present study was to determine the   interrelationship and direct and indirect effects of yield component traits on grain yield of Ethiopian landraces barley for further...

Author(s): Geleta Negash, Dagnachew Lule and Zerihun Jalata  

February 2019

African Journal of Biochemistry Research
Shea butter extraction technologies: Current status and future perspective

Shea butter is a high–value shea nut fat used as an edible oil, antimicrobial and moisturiser in the food, pharmaceutical and cosmetic industries, respectively. The annual worldwide export of shea nut from Africa is 350,000 MT of kernels with a market value of approximately $120 million to producing countries. The multifunctional properties of the shea butter depend strictly on its compositional properties: the...

Author(s): Iddrisu Abdul-Mumeen, Didia Beauty and Abdulai Adam  

February 2019

African Journal of Biochemistry Research
Association of metabolic syndrome with the risk of developing liver disease in chronic hepatitis B patients

Metabolic syndrome is a constellation of abnormal glucose and lipid metabolic parameter that increases ones risk of developing cardiovascular diseases. Metabolic profiles have been linked to progression of varying stages of liver disease in chronic hepatitis B infection. The main objective of this prospective cross sectional study was to establish a link between metabolic syndrome indicators and markers of progression...

Author(s): Dongsogo Julius and Larbie Christopher

February 2019

Journal of Diabetes and Endocrinology
Antidiabetic effect of aqueous extract of ripe Carica papaya Linnaeus seed in alloxan-induced diabetic albino rats

This research was carried out to evaluate the antidiabetic effect of aqueous extract of ripe Carica papaya L. seed in alloxan-induced diabetic albino rats. Diabetes is a metabolic disease associated with sustained hyperglycaemia. Diabetes has become a global threat because its incidence is increasing on daily basis. Pathogenesis of diabetes mellitus and the possibility of its management by therapeutic agents without any...

Author(s): Ebenezer Abimbola Morolahun, Folasade Omobolanle Ajao and Senga Kali Pemba

February 2019

International Journal of Fisheries and Aquaculture
Identification of possible causes of fish death in Lake ‘’Lake Kabo’’

Any adverse change in the environmental conditions affects the life of aquatic organisms in water. Fish death was suddenly observed in Lake Kabo. To investigate its cause and look for solution, a research team started to consider the Lake. The present study was conducted to identify the reason for the fish deaths that accidentally occur in the lake. To achieve the objective samples were collected from four different...

Author(s): Sefawdin Berta Bedassa  

February 2019

International Journal of Fisheries and Aquaculture
Age, growth and mortality rates of round sardinella, Sardinella aurita (Valenciennes, 1810) from the Senegalese coasts (West Africa)

Sardinella aurita is the main species exploited by small-scale fisheries in Senegal and represents an important source of low cost protein in the Senegalese market. The objective of this study was to determine the age, growth and mortality parameters of S. aurita obtained from the Senegalese coastal waters. Age, growth parameters and mortality rates of this species were estimated using FiSAT II (FAO–ICLARM Stock...

Author(s): Alassane Sarr, Ismaïla Ndiaye, Waly Ndiaye, Alioune Faye and Malick Diouf  

February 2019

International Journal of Water Resources and Environmental Engineering
Preference for water boreholes to odor stream harnessing at Amaopkara

The paper focuses on provision of sustainable portable water to Amaokpara community in Orumba Local Government Area of Anambra State, using “Decision Tree Analysis” which involves two options of water boreholes and odor stream harnessing. This is to achieve one of the key targets of millennium development goals by 2015, which is aimed at the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking...

Author(s): Victor I. Otti and Ezenwaji E. E.  

February 2019

International Journal of Water Resources and Environmental Engineering
Assessment of water resources management and past works on water points development in Borana Rangelands, Southern Oromia, Ethiopia

Water is the principal resource for all living to prosper but a major limiting factor when mismanaged. The wide spread clearing of trees has caused soil erosion that is resulting silt accumulation in the reservoirs 40 to 50% /year. Purposive selection techniques have deployed for this study to gather information.  Borana community has been managing water and pasture using its customary institutions called...

Author(s): Demisachew Tadele and Abiyot Lelisa

February 2019

International Journal of Fisheries and Aquaculture
Value chain analysis of small-scale fisheries in the High Dam Lake in Egypt

Although, High Dam Lake small-scale fisheries is an important source of fish for residents of Aswan in Upper Egypt, there is limited information available about the performance of small-scale fisheries value chain. Structured questionnaires with fishers, traders, and processors were used to collect input and output data at each node of the chain. Focus group discussions meeting with stakeholder collected qualitative...

Author(s): Ahmed M. Nasr-Allah, Olfat A. Habib, Malcolm W. Dickson and Harrison Charo-Karisa  

February 2019

Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development
Assessment of forest management practices and livelihood income around Arero dry Afromontane forest of Southern Oromia Region in Borana Zone, South Ethiopia

Forest resources are often well managed by local communities either through their own initiatives using traditional institutions or being organized with assistances from development actors such as non-governmental organization (NGOs) and governmental organizations (GOs). The study was aimed to assess forest management practices, and the contribution of forest resource for communities’ livelihoods of Arero forest...

Author(s): Wakshum Shiferaw, Mulugeta Limenih and Tadesse Woldemariam Gole  

February 2019

Medical Case Studies
The great mimicker: A rare case of Iliopsoas abscess associated with vertebral and sacroiliac osteomyelitis

A 21-year-old, recent Indian migrant to Australia, presented to the Emergency Department with a 3-week history of worsening right buttock and thigh pain and weakness, associated with fever of up to 39°C and weight loss of 3 kg. On examination, the patient demonstrated a right-sided antalgic gait with a limp and weakness of right hip flexion. The patient was tachycardic with a heart rate of 140, and had  raised...

Author(s): Jeong-moh John YAHNG and Lei YING  

February 2019

International Journal of Library and Information Science
Use of electronic resources by postgraduate students in University of Cape Coast

The study investigates the use of electronic resources by postgraduate students in University of Cape Coast (UCC). It specifically targets first year postgraduate students of UCC. Awareness, usage, training, and access were explored. A survey method was employed and a structured questionnaire was utilized to solicit data. The findings revealed that, though students are aware of electronic resources, they do not fully...

Author(s): Paulina Nana Yaa Kwafoa, Barfi Kwaku Anhwere and Agyapong Emmanuel Manu  

February 2019

International Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences
Prevalence of preoperative hypertension and its intraoperative anesthetic management among patients undergoing elective surgery at Hawassa University Comprehensive Specialized Hospital, Southern Ethiopia

Overall, twenty of the world’s adult populations live with hypertension. Blood pressure determination forms an integral part of anesthesiologist’s evaluation of the patient prior to and during surgery. 25% of surgical patients have hypertension preoperatively. There are several risks related to untreated preoperative hypertension in perioperative and postoperative phase. The objective of this study was to...

Author(s): Kurabachew Mengistu and Dereje Geleta  

February 2019

African Journal of Pure and Applied Chemistry
Production and characterization of derived composite biosorbents from animal bone

Composite biosorbents were produced from animal bone by carbonization, activation of animal bone char with phosphoric acid and zinc (II) chloride independently, and the obtained activated carbons were separately impregnated on chitosan. The chitosan was produced from chitin, which was extracted from shrimp shell through deminerization, deproteinization and deacetylation processes. Comprehensive characterization studies...

Author(s): Olafadehan O. A., Abhulimen K. E., Adeleke A. I., Njoku C. V. and Amoo K. O.  

February 2019

International Journal of Water Resources and Environmental Engineering
Detection of hydrological impacts of climate change in Benin by a multifractal approach

This study analyzed the hydrological impacts of climate change over Bénin synoptic stations from 1951 to 2010 using multifractal approach. This method is based on the study of temporal evolution of fractal dimension (D_f), multifractality index (α), co-dimension (C_1) and probable maximum singularity (γ_s). The comparison of the average values of yearly fractal dimension ((D_f)) ̅ obtained over the...

Author(s): Medard Agbazo, Gabin Koto N’Gobi, Eric Alamou, Basile Kounouhewa and Abel Afouda  

February 2019

Journal of Chemical Engineering and Materials Science
Objects impact effect on thermal fatigue life of unidirectional T700 Carbon Fiber/Epoxy

The main objective of this study is to investigate the effect of meteorites and debris impact on thermal fatigue life of unidirectional T700 carbon fiber/epoxy composite material. This composite material may be applied in space structures for space missions. These structures are exposed to thermal cycles as they go in and out of the planet’s shadow. If in this environmental condition, meteorites and debris impact...

Author(s): Anvari A.  

February 2019

Journal of Agricultural Biotechnology and Sustainable Development
Effect of seed coating substance (Genius Coat Disco Cereal AG L-439) on seed yield and yield component of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) in central highlands of Ethiopia

Among the challenges of achieving increased chickpea production in Ethiopia is absence of seed quality enhancement technologies. The Genius Coat Disco Cereal AG L-439 is among the seed coating products produced by INCOTEC Company and introduced in our country. The current study was conducted to examine the efficacy of ‘Genius Coat’ on seed yield and to determine its effective dosage for chickpea seed...

Author(s): Tesfaye Geleta  

February 2019

Journal of African Studies and Development
Exploring the uncharted territory of devolution in Zimbabwe

Devolution is a new phenomenon which Zimbabwe has incorporated in its constitution through Section 264 of the Constitution of Zimbabwe of 2013. This is as a result of the urge for participatory governance to devolve power. Over the years, local government has been informed by a plethora of pieces of legislation which have not provided an enabling environment for citizen participation, giving Zimbabwe’s local...

Author(s): Jephias Mapuva and George P. Miti  

February 2019

Journal of Entomology and Nematology
Effect of azadirachtin pre-treatment on major pests, diseases and yield of seed yam

Pests and diseases infested material of seed yams have led to sub optimal yield levels. Neem was applied as substitute for chemical pesticides and as environmentally safe bio-pesticide to reduce the crops annual loss due to herbivore pests and their resulting diseases. Field trials were conducted during the 2016 and 2017 major planting seasons in four communities each of Ejura-Sekyedumase and Atebubu-Amantin districts...

Author(s): Mochiah Moses Brandford, Osei Kingsley, Aidoo Atta Snr, Danso Yaw, Lamptey Joseph Nii Lante and Ennin Stella Ama

February 2019

African Journal of Food Science
Effect of storage temperature on the physicochemical, nutritional and microbiological quality of pasteurised soursop (Annona muricata L.) Juice

This work was aimed at investigating the effect of storage temperature on the physicochemical, nutritional, and microbial quality of soursop juice. Physicochemical quality was determined by measuring changes in pH, titratable acidity, total soluble solids and colour (L*a*b* values). Ascorbic acid levels, total phenolic content and total antioxidant capacity were analysed to determine the effect of storage temperature on...

Author(s): Jerry Ampofo-Asiama and Bright Quaye  

February 2019

Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health Sciences
Ameliorative role of quercetin in iron overload induced heart and brain toxicity in adult male albino rats

Although iron is an essential element for life, its excess is linked to many disorders. The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of quercetin on iron induced toxicity on the heart and brain in adult male albino rats. 50 adult male albino rats were equally divided into groups; Group I (negative control), Group II (positive control) received normal saline 0.9%. Group III (Quercetin group) was treated with...

Author(s): El-Sayed Eman H. K., Zeinab Abdou Mohammed and Mona Mostafa Ahmed

February 2019

African Journal of Food Science
Biochemical composition of Ethiopian coffees (Coffea arabica L.) as influenced by variety and postharvest processing methods

This study investigated the influence of variety, processing methods and their possible interactions on the biochemical composition of green coffee beans. The results revealed that the biochemical composition was significantly affected by the interaction effect of variety and processing methods. As compared to coffees processed in semi-washed and dry method, the highest total chlorogenic acid (TCGA) content was obtained...

Author(s): Kassaye Tolessa, Desalegn Alemayehu, Derbew Belew and Pascal Boeckx  

February 2019

Journal of Entomology and Nematology
Induction of tomato plants resistance to Meloidogyne incognita infection by mineral and nano-fertilizer

Nutrients are vital for plant growth as well as disease severity and control. Utilization of nanotechnologies in agriculture sectors is expected to be the ideal material to enhance plant resistance after perception of specific biotic or abiotic signals commonly referred to as induced resistance. Three mineral and nano-fertilizer particles were examined for their efficacy as a soil amendment in controlling the root knot...

Author(s): Ahmed Gamal El-Sherif, Samir Borham Gad, Allam Arafat Megahed and Mohamed Ibrahim Sergany  

February 2019

Journal of AIDS and HIV Research
Prevalence of wasting and its predictors among adults receiving highly active antiretroviral therapy in ART clinics of Hosanna town, Hadiya Zone, Southern Ethiopia – A cross-sectional study

In patients with HIV infection, wasting has been associated with increased mortality. Even in the era of Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy (HAART), accelerated disease progression, loss of muscle protein mass, and impairment of strength and functional status are common. However, data on the magnitude of wasting and its risk factors among individuals receiving HAART are scarce in Ethiopia. The aim of this study is to...

Author(s): Mekuria Asnakew Asfaw, Tariku Eshetu and Fanos Yonas  

February 2019

Journal of Accounting and Taxation
Analysing the profitability and the relations among its determinants of the retail sector: Evidence from Greece

This study aimed to investigate the existence of differences in retail firms’ strategy towards accomplishing profitability targets. By using data of Greek retail sector, we find that profitability, evaluated in terms of return on equity, as well as the average sales growth rate, does not differ statistically within the sub-sectors of the Retail Sector. However, significant differences not only among the...

Author(s): Georgios Kolias and Nikolaos Arnis  

February 2019

Journal of Environmental Chemistry and Ecotoxicology
Energy dispersive X-Ray fluorescence determination of minor and major elements in soils of Mambilla Plateau Northeastern Nigeria

This study focuses on energy dispersive X-ray fluorescence determination of minor and major elements in selected soils of Mambilla Plateau. The 12 sampled soil composites analysed were done by energy dispersive X-ray fluorescence technique for minor and major elements. The elemental oxides determined were Al2O3, CaO, K2O, TiO2, SiO2, BaO, Fe2O3, and MnO. The result obtained in the study showed that the general...

Author(s): Isaac E., Maitera O. N., Donatus R. B., Riki Y. E., Yerima E. A., Tadzabia K. and Joseph B.  

February 2019

African Journal of History and Culture
The predicaments of the“Grand narrative” of Ethiopian history:The challenges of post modernism

The shadow of skepticism that post –modernist casted on the Meta narrative is so encompassing that it led to conspicuous cynicism on the objectivity of history as a scientific discipline. This article raises this issue by discussing and analyzing the arguments of Samir Yusuf; a post-modernist critique of Bahiru Zewdie’s A history of modern Ethiopia.  The research, using such analytical tools as...

Author(s): Dagmawie Tesfaye  

February 2019

African Journal of Mathematics and Computer Science Research
Comparative study of the direct and inverse finite element methods for pricing American options

This paper investigates the computational performance of direct and inverse finite element methods for pricing American options. The underlying concept of the direct approach is similar to that of conventional finite element method. But the inverse approach is a relatively new development that involves trading the roles of financial variables. Based on the same constitutive model and linear elements, a performance...

Author(s): Bolujo Joseph Adegboyegun  

February 2019

African Journal of Pure and Applied Chemistry
Toxicity studies of African Palmyrah palm (Borassus Aethiopum) shoots

The study examined the effect of feeding albino rats with 25, 50, and 75% Palmyrah Palm (Borassus aethiopum) shoots with respect to their body weight, liver and kidney function indices. Standard methods of biochemical analyses were employed using albino rats as the experimental animals. No mortality was observed in the LD50 test throughout the period of 48 h.  Rats fed with 25 and 50% B. aethiopum shoots showed a...

Author(s): Muhammad Sirajo, K. J. Umar and S. W. Hassan  

February 2019

African Journal of History and Culture
The cultural factor in conflict management/resolution: A case study of the Acholi of Northern Uganda

The research was purposed to explore the role of positive practices in culture(s) that support the resolution and management of conflicts. The government’s militaristic options achieved no meaningful results. Lack of peace eluded the 2006 Juba Peace negotiations. This necessitated exploration of alternative approaches to conflict resolution and peace building. The main thrust of this study was the exploration of...

Author(s): Catherine Jendia  

February 2019

International Journal of Psychology and Counselling
Relationship between psychological hardiness and career decision-making self-efficacy among eleventh grade students in Sultanate of Oman

This study aims to investigate the association between psychological hardiness and career decision-making self-efficacy among eleventh grade students in the Sultanate of Oman. To achieve this purpose, psychological hardiness scale (PHS), and career decision self-efficacy- short form- were administered to a sample of 500 students of eleventh grade (n = 260) males and (n = 240) females. Findings revealed that the level of...

Author(s): Mohammad Sheikh Hammoud, Bakkar S. Bakkar, Maher M. Abu-Hilal and Yousuf Saif Mohammed Al Rujaibi

February 2019

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Antibiotic resistance in Saudi Arabia and some Middle Eastern countries: Current status

Antibiotic resistance has become a major threat to human health worldwide, especially for serious infections, leaving limited choices for antimicrobials to be used. The World Health Organization (WHO) launched several strategies to control the spread of this resistance. However, in the Middle East the problem can become worse if these strategies are not applied due to the geographical location between developed and...

Author(s): Shadi Ahmed Zakai  

February 2019

African Journal of Microbiology Research
First report of the types TEM, CTX-M, SHV and OXA-48 of beta-lactamases in Escherichia coli, from Brazzaville, Congo

The objective of this study was to evaluate the emergence of beta-lactam resistance related to extended spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL) encoding genes (TEM, SHV, CTX-M-1 and OXA-48) in Escherichia coli from Brazzaville. In the period between January 2016 and May 2017, 89 strains in E. coli were isolated from hospitalized patients, outpatients and domestic sewage. The E. coli strains were identified by the API 20E system....

Author(s): Fils Landry Mpelle, Esther Nina Ontsira Ngoyi, Christian Aimé Kayath, Etienne Nguimbi, Rachel Moyen and Simon Charles Kobawila  

February 2019

ISABB Journal of Health and Environmental Sciences
Modeling schistosomiasis infection using Kriging interpolation method in Osun State, South west, Nigeria

Schistosomiasis, an environmentally-mediated disease, contracted by swimming or wading in freshwater bodies harbouring the snail intermediate hosts of the genus Schistosoma consisting of five human species: S. haematobium S. mansoni, S. japonicum,   S. intercalatum and S. mekongi. Transmission is on the increase with consequent adverse effects on children’s health and school attendance. There is a dearth...

Author(s): Oladejo S. O. and Morenikeji O. A.  

February 2019

International NGO Journal
Parents’ and children’s perception of the challenges of acquiring primary and post-primary education in rural communities of Rivers State

This study investigated parents’ and children’s perception of the challenges of acquiring primary and post-primary education in Tai and Etche communities of Rivers State. Qualitative data were obtained via individual interviews and Focus Group Discussions (FGD). Parents within the age range of 16 to 45 years and children in the secondary school within the ages of 14 to 18 years participated in this study....

Author(s): Nelly O. Kusimo, Adam A. Opeloyeru, Salome A. Simon, Michael O. Kusimo, and Ayoka Mopelola Olusakin

February 2019

Journal of Hospitality Management and Tourism
How to provide an optimal environment for tourists to manage their sleep? The roles of sleep amenities, sleep environment cleanliness, and sleep atmosphere

For many tourists, a good night sleep is essential for business, creativity, travel and/or enjoyment of a holiday. To have better understanding on an optimal environment for the tourists to manage their sleep, this study aims to examine how the comfortability of sleep amenities and sleep environment cleanliness and sleep atmosphere influences tourists’ sleep quality by adopting the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index...

Author(s): Clare P. Y. Fung and Alice H. Y. Hon

February 2019

Journal of Economics and International Finance
The optimal forecast model for Ghana’s inflation: A stochastic approach

Inflation tends to be a relatively persistent process, which means that current and past values should be helpful in forecasting future inflation. Applying this intuition, we construct a basic stochastic model which exploits information embedded in past values of Ghana’s inflation data. Therefore the aim of this study is not to identify the drivers of Ghana’s inflation, but to identify and forecast with the...

Author(s): Francis Delali Baeta, John Tumaku and Emanuel Kwame Ahiave  

February 2019

African Journal of Marketing Management
Assessing food attributes and marketing services of private restaurants on the campus of University of Abomey-Calavi, Benin

In Benin Republic (West Africa), the public student restaurant of the University of Abomey-Calavi is being criticized for its irregular and poor service. Therefore, private restaurants have settled on the campus streets to fill the gap. Which food attributes and marketing services do students value most? How do those restaurants compare with the Agro Maquis reference restaurant, which presumably offers modern catering...

Author(s): Barthelemy G. Honfoga, Jeremie S. Ohanete, Charles D. Tevi, Christelle O. A. Sedegnan and Max-Regis Ogounchi

Page 5 of 1155, showing 50 records out of 57748 total, starting on record 201, ending on 250