Articles

 

Articles

Page 5 of 1139, showing 50 records out of 56903 total, starting on record 201, ending on 250

September 2018

African Journal of Biotechnology
Genetic diversity of blackberry (Rubus subgenus Rubus Watson) in selected counties in Kenya using simple sequence repeats (SSRs) markers

Genetic diversity of blackberry (Rubus subgenus Rubus Watson) is essential for efficient breeding and improvement of its pomological traits and yield. In this research, simple sequence repeats (SSRs) were used to determine the genetic diversity of 90 blackberry accessions collected from six different counties in Kenya. From 11 SSR markers used to genotype the blackberry accessions, a total of 127 alleles were generated....

Author(s): Jared A. Ochieng, Maurice E. Oyoo, Robert M. Gesimba, Paul C. Korir, Pascal P. Okwiri Ojwang’ and James O. Owuoche

September 2018

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Antioxidant activity of extracts from Schinus molle L. and Gleditsia triacanthos L.

Methanolic and chloroform extracts obtained from various parts of Schinus molle and Gleditsia triacanthos were evaluated by DPPH radical scavenging assay. The methanolic extracts from S. molle showed scavenging activity ranging from 35.97±1.02 to 83.38±2.74%, while the chloroform seed extract showed relatively weak scavenging activity ranging from 8.20±1.02 to 68.82±3.17%. The IC50 values of...

Author(s): Manoharan Karuppiah Pillai, Kemelo Sanett Matela, Mosotho Joseph George and Sibusisiwe Magama  

September 2018

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Medicinal plants used for the management of hepatic ailments in Katsina State, Nigeria

People in Katsina State, Nigeria have been using medicinal plants to cure several ailments associated with liver since time immemorial; however the use of such plants was never documented. In this study, an ethnobotanical survey was conducted to document the medicinal plants used for the management of hepatic ailments in Katsina State, Nigeria. A semi-structured questionnaire method was adopted to interview 150...

Author(s): Sulaiman Sani Kankara, Abdulazeez Bashir Isah, Abubakar Bello, Abdulhamid Ahmed and Umar Lawal  

September 2018

Educational Research and Reviews
Examining the relationship between empathy for others and self-compassion in college students

This study examined the correlation between self-compassion and empathy for others in college students in order to better inform clinical work and outreach programming in university counseling centers. Preliminary analyses indicated that gender identity was a confounding variable; therefore, the main analyses were run distinctly for male and female identified participants. There was no important association between...

Author(s): Rachel M. Daltry , Kristin E. Mehr, Lindsay Sauers and Janelle Silbert

September 2018

Educational Research and Reviews
An investigation of fine arts students’ attitudes towards art education based on some variables

The purpose of the present study is to examine fine arts students’ attitudes towards art education based on some variables. The data were collected through the “Attitude Scale towards Art Education” developed by Ayaydın and Kurtuldu and “Personal Information Form” developed by the researcher. Cronbach’s alpha reliability coefficient of the 32-item-scale is .90. The research consists...

Author(s): Ceren SAYGI GERÇEKER

September 2018

Educational Research and Reviews
An investigation of prospective teachers’ views on concept teaching: A case of History

Numerous studies have been carried out to provide active and permanent learning in History teaching. However, the importance of concept teaching which is essential for active learning literally has been ignored. An effective History teaching can only be measured by teaching the concepts involved in the program in an effective way. An effective History teaching is not possible without learning definitions of concepts...

Author(s): Hali Servet     

September 2018

African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
Antibacterial activity of leaf and leaf callus extracts of Anisochilus carnosus (L) Wall.

The present study was carried out to determine the antibacterial efficacy of chloroform, petroleum ether, ethyl acetate, methanol, ethanol and aqueous extracts of leaf and leaf derived callus of Anisochilus carnosus against Bacillus cereus, Bacillus subtiltis, Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus pyogenes, Vibrio parahaemolytics, Enterobater aerogenes, Proteus mirabilis, and Klebseilla pneumoniae. The leaf segments were...

Author(s): Nissar Ahmad Reshi, Sudarshana Mysore Shankarasingh and Girish Vasanaika Hodiyala  

September 2018

African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
Acute skin irritation, acute and sub-acute oral toxicity studies of Rosmarinus officinalis essential oils in mice and rabbit

In Ankober, Northern Ethiopia, Rosmarinus officinalis has been commonly used for flavoring foods as a condiment; moreover, the plant has also been widely used for different medicinal purposes. The current study was undertaken to provide data on acute and subacute toxicity in mice as well as skin irritation of R. officinalis essential oil in rabbit. Acute dermal and oral toxicity tests were conducted using limited dose of...

Author(s): Berhan Mengiste, Kassahun Dires, Ermias Lulekal,  Mahlet Arayaselassie, Tizazu Zenebe, Gezu Feleke, Eyasu Makonnen and Awol Mekonnen  

September 2018

African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
Healing effect of the microemulsion enriched with hydroalcoholic extract of Abarema cochliacarpa (Gomes) Barneby & J. W. Grimes (Fabaceae)

Abarema cochliocarpa is an endemic plant of Brazil and has been traditionally used as a popular medicine to treat various diseases and mostly as a healing agent. The aim of this study was to evaluate the healing effect of the microemulsion containing hydrometanic fraction of the inner bark (HMF) of the plant, as well as its antioxidant, antitumor and cytotoxic potential. The cytotoxicity of HMF was assessed by the...

Author(s): Antônio Santos Dias, Clívia Rolemberg Andrade, André Luiz Lima Meneses Santos, Sabrina Zelice de Moraes, Jymmys Lopes dos Santos, Silvan Silva de Araújo, Andrea Yu Kwan Villar Shan, Jamylle Nunes de Souza Ferro, Marcelo Cavalcante Duarte, Emiliano de Oliveira Barreto, Anderson Carlos Marçal, Ricardo Luiz Cavalcante Albuquerque Júnior, Antonio Euzebio Goulart Santana, Brancilene Santos de Araújo  and Charles dos Santos Estevam

September 2018

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Isolation and characterization of actinomycetes with antimicrobial activity from the soil and the effect of the environmental factors on their antimicrobial activity

This study aimed at isolating and characterizing antibiotic producing actinomycetes from a specific geographic location Alba’qa, Jordan, with a known soil character, and study the effect of the environmental factors on their antimicrobial activity, in order to relate the actinomycetes flora to the environmental characteristics. Soils of the Alba’qa region are of uniform composition and contain antimicrobial...

Author(s): Samar Qaddoumi, Nasser EL-Banna and Hanin El-Banna  

September 2018

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Microbial contamination of the non-alcoholic beverage Gnamakoudji made from Zingiber officinale in Daloa, Côte d’Ivoire

Street food has become unavoidable in the current scheme of restoration in urban Africa. This study aimed to study the microbiological contamination of a refreshing artisanal drink, Gnamakoudji, made from Zingiber officinale sold in the city of Daloa (Côte d’Ivoire). Physicochemical tests showed that Gnamakoudji is an acidic drink (pH ≈ 3.83) and very sweet (0.2 gmL-1). Microbiological analyses...

Author(s): KOUASSI Kouassi Clément, VOKO Don-Rodrigue Rosin Bi, KOFFI Affoué Carole, KOUAME Konan Bekanti Eric-Bienvenue and KOFFI-NEVRY Rose    

September 2018

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Handling conditions and microbial contamination of fish from Ouagadougou markets in Burkina Faso

The purpose of this study was to analyze the handling conditions and microbial contamination of fish from Ouagadougou markets. In spite of the fact that fish consumption is linked to several events of alimentary infection in Burkina Faso, fewer studies were dedicated to this issue. The study was conducted using two approaches. First, an investigation conducted with fish sellers to evaluate handling hygienic conditions...

Author(s): Achille S. OUEDRAOGO, Adama OUEDA, Awa GNEME, Gueswendé L. SAVADOGO, Nicolas BARRO and Gustave B. KABRE

September 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Alellopathic effects of aqueous extracts from Bambusa vulgaris Schrad. Ex J. C. Wendl. on seed germination and vigor from Lactuca sativa

The aim of this work was to evaluate allelopathic effects of aqueous extracts from Bambusa vulgaris leaves and culm on Lactuca sativa L. germination. Plant material was collected at Dois Irmãos State Park in Recife, Brazil, and analysis was performed at Laboratory of Forest Seeds Analysis at Rural Federal University of Pernambuco. Experiments were conducted under natural conditions using leaf and culm extracts at...

Author(s): Danielle Roballo de Moura, Emmanoella Costa Guaraná Araujo, César Henrique Alves Borges, Luan Henrique Barbosa Araújo, Tarcísio Viana de Lima, Thiago Cardoso Silva and Camila Costa da Nóbrega  

September 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Opportunities and challenges of Islamic microfinance in livestock production: An evidence from Syria

Islamic rural microfinance represents the confluence of three rapidly growing activities: microfinance, Islamic finance and agricultural development. It has the potential to not only respond to unmet demand but also to combine the Islamic social principle of caring for the less fortunate with microfinance’s power to provide financial access to the poor people involved in rural farming. This paper aims to analyze...

Author(s): Salwa Almohamed and Darwish Cheikh  

September 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
A study of poultry farms in Enugu State Nigeria and mapping of their mechanization needs using Global Positioning System (GPS) and Geographical Information System (GIS)

Poultry has been identified by the World Bank funded Commercial Agricultural Development Program (CADP) as a value chain in the agricultural sector of Enugu State and thus has the potential for commercial agriculture. This work has investigated poultry farms in three production cluster areas in Enugu State namely: Emene (in Enugu East) located on 6.523815°N, 7.4151535°E and 1236 ft; Ngwo (in Enugu North/Udi)...

Author(s): Ozoemena A. Ani, B. B. Uzoejinwa, N. K. Alameze and E. U. Ezugwu  

September 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Analysis of a bacterial community structure and the diversity of phzF gene in samples of the Amazonian Dark Earths cultivated with cowpea [Vigna unguiculata (L.) Wald]

It is important to understand the Amazonian Dark Earth (ADE) diversified microbial communities which colonize agricultural soils and interact with plants, allowing a more sustainable way of soil utilization. Genomic prospection of biotechnological interest, such as the phenazine biosynthesis genes, was carried out by the characterization of the bacterial community structure through the analysis of the 16S rRNA gene in...

Author(s): Rosineide C. de Souza, Fabiana de S. Cannavan, Luís I. B. Kanzaki, Lucas W. Mendes, Beatriz M. Ferrari, Rogério E. Hanada and Siu M. Tsai  

September 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Hot water immersion disinfests enset (Ensete ventricosum) suckers from the enset root mealybug Cataenococcus ensete Williams and Matile-Ferrero

The enset root mealybug, Cataenococcus ensete Williams and Matile-Ferrero (Homoptera: Pseudococcidae) is a pest of national significance attacking enset in south and south-western Ethiopia. Adults and nymphs of several overlapping generations feed on the crops’ underground corms and roots, making them hard to reach and thus control. The main means of pest spread is through infested planting material. The objective...

Author(s): Sisay Lemawork, Ferdu Azerefegne, Tameru Alemu, Temesgen Addis and Guy Blomme  

September 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Combining ability of selected maize (Zea mays L.) inbred lines for major diseases, grain yield and selected agronomic traits evaluated at Melko, South West Oromia region, Ethiopia

The genetic potentials of resistance to turcicum leaf blight (TLB), grey leaf spot (GLS), and common rust (CR) disease, grain yield and selected agronomic trait were studied in 45 F1 hybrids from a half diallel following Griffing’s Model 1, Method 4. The 45 hybrids excluding parents were evaluated in 5 × 9 alpha lattice designs with three replications. The study was carried out at Jimma Agricultural Research...

Author(s): Gemechu Nedi, Leta Tulu, Sentayehu Alamerew and Dagne Wakgery  

September 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Diallel analysis in Citrullus mucosospermus (Fursa) for fruit traits

For the estimation of genetic parameters (such as heterosis effect, potence ratio, combining ability and reciprocal effects) of five fruit traits, in order to suggest breeding strategies in Citrullus mucosospermus (Fursa), a field trial was carried out at Kononfla city in Western Côte d’Ivoire using 4x4 full diallel. All 12 F1 hybrids and their parents were planted in a randomized complete block design with...

Author(s): Kouakou Fulgence BROU, Raoul Sylvère SIE, Koffi ADJOUMANI, Yao Didier Martial SARAKA, Badie Arnaud KOUAGO and Cynthia Deborah ADAHI  

September 2018

African Journal of Biotechnology
Characterization of fluorescent Pseudomonas from Oryza sativa L. rhizosphere with antagonistic activity against Pyricularia oryzae (SACC.)

The aim of this work was to select and characterize native Cuban fluorescent Pseudomonas from the rhizosphere of Oryza sativa with in vitro and in vivo antagonistic activity against Pyricularia oryzae. A total of 200 isolates were recovered with the typical growth and cultural characteristics of fluorescent Pseudomonas. The results showed that 12.5% of total isolates were capable of inhibiting mycelial growth, with...

Author(s): Annia Hernández-Rodríguez, Yanelis Acebo-Guerrero, Gema Pijeira Fernández, Acela Díaz de la Osa and Gloria Maria Restrepo-Franco  

September 2018

African Journal of Biotechnology
Chromium (III) and its effects on soil microbial activities and phytoremediation potentials of Arachis hypogea and Vigna unguiculata

The aim of this research was to evaluate the impact of chromium (III) nitrate on soil microbial activities and growth performance and phytoremediation potentials of two staple leguminous crops, namely cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) and groundnut (Arachis hypogea). Pristine sandy loam soil samples were polluted with nitrate salts of chromium (III) at four different levels (50, 100, 200 and 400 mg/kg) in triplicates. There...

Author(s): Chibuzor Nwadibe Eze, Chuks Kenneth Odoh, Emmanuel Aniebonam Eze, Paul Ikechukwu Orjiakor, Simeon Chukwuemeka Enemuor and Uchenna Jude Okobo  

September 2018

African Journal of Biotechnology
Phytochemical and proximate composition of cucumber (Cucumis sativus) fruit from Nsukka, Nigeria

Cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.) is very common, cultivated throughout the world and often eaten as a raw vegetable without cooking. In this study, the phytochemical and proximate compositions of cucumber were investigated. Quantitative phytochemical analysis of the homogenate of C. sativus fruit showed that reducing sugars (574.36 ± 3.88 mg/g) was highest amount when compared to other phytochemicals, alkaloids...

Author(s): Uzuazokaro Mark-Maria Agatemor, Okwesili Fred Chiletugo Nwodo and Chioma Assumpta Anosike  

September 2018

African Journal of Biotechnology
Trichoderma atroviride 102C1: A promising mutant strain for the production of a β-glucosidase, -xylosidase and -L-arabinofuranosidase activities using agroindustrial by-products

Holocellulolytic accessory enzymes are very important in assisting hydrolysis of biomass. The use of these enzymes in the enzymatic hydrolysis of plant biomass is very important for obtaining building blocks in the concept of biorefinery. In previous studies, the mutant strain Trichoderma atroviride 102C1 was tested for production of endoglucanases, FPases and endoxylanases. This study aimed at evaluating the efficiency...

Author(s): Jéssica Caroline Araujo SILVA, André Luiz Grigorevski-Lima, Elba Pinto da Silva BON, Rosalie Reed Rodrigues COELHO and Rodrigo Pires do NASCIMENTO

September 2018

Scientific Research and Essays
Accident severity analysis on national highways in Bangladesh using ordered probit model

National Highways of Bangladesh, where majority of fatal accident takes place, are considered as the accident-prone location. Statistics revealed that despite some major initiatives undertaken to improve road safety, death rate at National Highways of Bangladesh is quite high compared to other developed as well as developing nations. To understand the relationship between injury severity and accident factors,...

Author(s): Md Tanvir Siddique  

September 2018

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Isolation and characterization of pea plant (Pisum sativum L.) growth-promoting Rhizobacteria

Plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) are well-known to influence plant growth via a variety of mechanisms such as nitrogen fixation, production of volatile organic compounds and enzymes, and bioremediation contaminants from the environment. PGPR have been previously identified by other researchers using laboratory screening methods. It was hypothesized that relying on these routine laboratory tests, some PGPR...

Author(s): Noha Ibrahim Osman, and Shixue Yin  

September 2018

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Screening of bacteria isolated from the rhizosphere of maize plant (Zea mays L.) for ammonia production and nitrogen fixation

Eleven (11) rhizobacteria identified as Azospirillum sp. isolated from the rhizosphere of maize plants grown in Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria were evaluated for ammonia production and nitrogen fixation. The micro-Kjeldahl method was used for the screening of the isolates for nitrogen fixation. Nitrogenase activity ranging from 1.20 to 10.60% was detected in seven of the eleven isolates. Results show that treatments with...

Author(s): Patrick Okorie Richard, Abimbola Olumide Adekanmbi and Adeniyi Adewale Ogunjobi  

September 2018

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Predicting maize and soybean crops dry biomass through rhizobacteria microorganisms activity on foliar bio-fertilizer in an arid agro-climate: A multiple linear regression analysis

After previously showing rhizobacteria Pseudomonas fluorescence and foliar bio-fertilizer mixture as a suitable practice in improving maize and soybean crops development and dry biomass, this study thus embark on predicting the above-mentioned plants dry biomass feature through their yield and growth parameters by assessing P. fluorescence activities on foliar bio-fertilizer in an arid agro-climate. For this purpose,...

Author(s): Noel Dougba Dago, Nafan Diarrassouba, Martial Didier Yao Saraka, Jean-Luc Aboya Moroh, Inza Jesus Fofana,  Lamine Baba-Moussa and Adama Coulibaly  

September 2018

African Journal of Business Management
The antecedents of innovativeness in small and medium manufacturing enterprises in Kenya: A critical review of literature

Innovation has been accepted as a key stimulus for growth. This is more so with SMEs which are widely acknowledged as being a significant driver in economic growth. In a review of over 90 peer reviewed journal articles and conference papers; this paper brings together different arguments that have been made in explaining the antecedents for innovativeness. This is a critical review of the literature with respect to...

Author(s): Mkalama B. W., Ndemo B. E. and Maalu J. K.

September 2018

African Journal of Business Management
Assessing the impact of Chinese foreign direct investment on economic growth in sub-Saharan Africa

This study was conducted to assess the impact of Chinese outward foreign direct investment flows on economic growth in sub-Saharan Africa. The design used was a longitudinal study. The analysis used was existing data on 37 sub-Saharan African countries between 2003 and 2011. Two balanced panel regressions were estimated using time and country fixed effects, respectively. The estimations suggested that Chinese foreign...

Author(s): Mamadou Saliou Kokouma Diallo, Jingdong Luan and Hawaou Diallo  

September 2018

African Journal of Business Management
Effect of simplified licensing on registration and formalizing of start-ups in Mozambique

The Mozambican Government has long realized that the only way to solve the unemployment problem is by encouraging entrepreneurship amongst the youths through the formation of small enterprises. Legally operating enterprises will also contribute to the government’s coffers through taxations, exercise duties and contributions to the provident fund. The government introduced two accessible licenses for small firms...

Author(s): Alen Sawaya and Shepherd Bhero  

September 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Modeling of hypsometric distribution of Handroanthus heptaphyllus seedlings in different containers

Hypsometric information of seedlings allows greater assertiveness of silvicultural decisions in nurseries. This study aimed to evaluate the efficiency of different Probability Density Functions (PDF) to estimate and compare the height distribution of Handroanthus heptaphyllus seedlings in different cultivation containers. One hundred and thirty one seedlings were produce in two types of containers; 81 units in tubes and...

Author(s): Bruno Oliveira Lafetá, Renolde Rodrigues, Tamires Mousslech Andrade Penido and Patrícia Lage

September 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Identification and estimation of the sugarcane production potential of Mozambique

Identifying the potential areas that can produce sugarcane is extremely important, especially for developing countries. Most of the territories in Mozambique have soils with high and medium agricultural potential but are hampered by water conditions. Therefore, irrigation is the only solution to ensure certainty in agricultural production. In addition, to set up new business a minimum of infrastructure is required, like...

Author(s): Rafael Aldighieri Moraes, Edgar Gomes Ferreira de Beauclair, Felipe Haenel Gomes, Marcelo Melo Ramalho Moreira and Rui da Maia  

September 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Evapotranspiration and crop coefficient for Radish under protected cultivation

The objective of this study was to evaluate the real crop evapotranspiration and radish crop coefficient, “Crimson Gigante” cultivar, for different phenological stages under protected cultivation. The research was performed from March to April 2015 in pots arranged in greenhouse located at the Federal University of Campina Grande (UFCG). Dripping irrigation system was used for plants irrigation and the...

Author(s): P. F. Silva, R. M. Matos, M. O. Pereira, A.P. Melo Junior, J. Dantas Neto and V. L. A. Lima  

September 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Effect of planting dates and spacing on growth and flowering of French marigold Sel. ‘FM – 786’

The present study was carried out in an experimental farm in the Department of Floriculture and Landscaping, Dr. Y. S. Parmar University of Horticulture and Forestry, Nauni, Solan (H.P.) during March to December, 2010. The experiment was laid out in split plot design, comprising of eight different planting dates and two spacing, (viz., 30 × 20 cm and 30 × 30 cm) as sub-plot treatment at monthly intervals...

Author(s): Pratibha, C., Gupta, Y. C., Dhiman, S. R. and Gupta, R. K.  

September 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Broadcast and in line application of phosphorus in soils with different densities

The efficiency of broadcast versus in line phosphate fertilization has been studied; however, soil density as a determining factor for soil efficiency has been less studied.  Thus, the objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of broadcast and in line phosphate fertilization in soil with different densities on corn development. The experiment was conducted in pots under greenhouse condition. A completely...

Author(s): Luciano de Souza Maria, Ivone da Silva Neves, Henildo de Souza Pereira, Guilherme Ferreira Ferbonink, Gustavo Caione and Flavia de Bastos Agostinho  

September 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Reaction of watermelon accessions to Meloidogyne enterolobii

Identification of resistant germplasms is crucial for crop breeding. The aim of this study was to determine the reaction of accessions of watermelon plants to Meloidogine enterolobii using two experiments. In the first experiment, 20 accessions were evaluated, and in the second, the four most promising accessions were selected in the first experiment and two controls. Both experiments were implemented under a completely...

Author(s): José Hamilton da Costa Filho, Manoel Abílio de Queiroz, José Mauro da Cunha Castro, Larissa de Oliveira Fontes, Hailson Alves Ferreira Preston, Tarciana Silva Santos, Nickson Fernandes de Oliveira Carvalho, Saulo Candido de Andrade Silva, Murilo Ferreira dos Santos and Debora Candido  

September 2018

African Journal of Biotechnology
Genetic diversity of seed storage protein in the Ethiopian garden cress (Lepidium sativum L.)

The Ethiopian garden cress (Lepidium sativum L.) is an important crop extensively used as food and medicine. In this study, total seed storage proteins of 112 garden cress genotypes collected from diverse growing regions in Ethiopia were investigated to assess patterns of genetic diversity and relationships. Using sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE), a total of 1774 stable protein bands...

Author(s): Legesse Tadesse, Firew Mekbib, Adugna Wakjira and Zerihun Tadele

September 2018

African Journal of Biotechnology
Identification and evaluation of secondary metabolites by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) in native strains of Trichoderma species

Trichoderma species is a heterotrophic saprobion organism, which competes with other microorganisms, preventing them from developing. This fungus has mechanisms of action, among which are: production of antibiotics and metabolites, and hyperparasitism, which also promotes the induction of systemic resistance in plants. In this study, five native Trichoderma strains which were collected from agricultural land in...

Author(s): Martínez-Padrón Hadassa Yuef, Torres-Castillo Jorge Ariel, Rodríguez-Herrera Raúl, López-Santillán José Alberto, Estrada-Drouaillet Benigno and Osorio-Hernández Eduardo

September 2018

African Journal of Biotechnology
Heterozygote polymorphisms of ARG16GLY and GLN27GLU ADRB2 gene is risk protective for obesity in Javanese population of Indonesia

The relationship between obesity and insulin resistance is influenced by various factors, including genetics. ADRB2 gene polymorphisms of Arg16Gly and Gln27Glu showed inconsistent results toward obesity and insulin resistance in some populations. This study aimed to investigate the frequency of the genetic polymorphisms of Arg16Gly and Gln27Glu of the ADRB2 gene and to analyze risk factors for obesity and insulin...

Author(s): Nazula Rahma Shafriani, Pramudji Hastuti and Ahmad Hamim Sadewa  

September 2018

African Journal of Biotechnology
The technological influence of the different methods of extraction on the initial concentration of thymol in the essential oil of thyme (Thymus satureioides)

The present study deals with the influence of the technological factor in relation to the technique used for the extraction of essential oil of thyme, its chemical composition, and in particular, the concentration of thymol as the principal chemo-typical active substance of this variety of thyme from the Moroccan High Atlas. The working protocol includes the extraction of the essential oil by three different methods...

Author(s): Imad eddine Elkacimi, Yahia Cherrah and Katim Alaoui

September 2018

African Journal of Biotechnology
Anti-inflammatory and antioxidant potentiality of Solanum xanthocarpum

Inflammation is the body’s immune response to combat suspected harmful effect by a stimulus. Antioxidants prevent chain of reaction that would result in the production of free radicals. Prolonged usage of steroids as anti-inflammatory agents is unsafe, demanding search for anti-inflammatory compounds with sustainable future. In this study, seeds and leaves of Solanum xanthocarpum were explored in vitro for their...

Author(s): Rohini Pungle, Aditya Tambe, Anil more and Arun Kharat  

September 2018

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Evaluation of anti-Mycobacterium tuberculosis activity of fractions from selected medicinal plants used traditionally for treating cough and respiratory disorders in South West of Nigeria

Tuberculosis is a contagious airborne infection that mostly affects the lungs. The causative agent of tuberculosis in human is Mycobacterium tuberculosis. The emergence and dissemination of M. tuberculosis isolates that are resistant to multiple antimicrobial drugs represent a growing public health threat. Fractions from Alafia barteri, Chasmanthera dependence, Chrysophyllum albidum, Emilia coccinea, Mezoneuron...

Author(s): Morufu Adisa Ademoye, Labunmi Lajide, Bodunde Joseph Owolabi, and Catherine Chizoba Onubogu

September 2018

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
A comparative study of the histopathological modifications of adrenal gland in STZ-induced diabetic Wistar rats administered with selected herbal plants versus Glimepiride

This study investigated the comparative study of four herbal extract versus Glimepiride on the histomorphological modification of adrenal gland in STZ induced diabetic rats with a view to understanding their antidiabetic properties.  Forty- two healthy adult Wistar rats (Rattus novergicus) with an average weight of 153.4 g were randomly divided into seven groups (n=6). STZ (65 mg/kg) dissolved in citrate buffer was...

Author(s): Komolafe Omobola A., Ofusori David A., Odukoya Samson A., Saka Olusola S. and Arayombo Babatunde E.

September 2018

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Anti-oxidant and anti-microbial study of Adiantum capillus veneris and Pteris quadriureta L

Adiantum capillus veneris (ACV) and Pteris quadriureta (PQ), two common ferns belonging to Pteridophyta family, has been used in traditional Ayurvedic and Unani medicine against numerous human ailments since ancient times. This study was designed to analyse the presence of various phytochemicals in the ACV and PQ leaves and their pharmacological activities. The methanol extract of ACV and PQ leaves was screened for the...

Author(s): Satabdi Rautray, Sukanya Panikar, Asaithambi Sofia and A. Usha Rajananthini    

September 2018

African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
Hypoglycemic profile and ameliorative potential of aqueous garlic extract on sperm characteristics in glibenclamide treated diabetic male rats

This study was carried out to determine the protective effect of aqueous garlic extract on testicular and spermatogenic changes in glibenclamide treated diabetic male rats. Thirty matured male rats were used in this study and were assigned into five groups of six rats each. Diabetes was induced in groups 1, 2, 3, 5 but not induced in group 4. Rats in group 1 were treated with glibenclamide (0.6 mg/kg) daily for 21 days....

Author(s): Odo Rita Ifeoma, Mbegbu Edmund, Samuel Okezie Ekere and C.F. Amaeze      

September 2018

African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
Analysis of patient information leaflets on Artemisinin-based combination therapy

The objective of this research was to analyze the various patient information leaflets on Artemisinin-based combination therapy (ACTs) sold in Côte-D’Ivoire. A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted from January 1st to February 20th, 2016, that included all patient information leaflets relating to ACTs registered and marketed in Côte-d’Ivoire. The leaflets were compared to European...

Author(s): Thérèse Daubrey-Potey, Mamadou Kamagaté and Henri Die-Kacou  

September 2018

African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
Plasmodium falciparum drug resistance gene status in the Horn of Africa: A systematic review

Antimalarial drug resistance monitoring is the key factor in malaria control policy for early detection and subsequent prevention of drug resistance spread. This review was performed to collate all available data of P. falciparum resistant genes in the Horn of Africa as a baseline for future appraisal of the regional malaria control policy. The search of this review was performed in January 2018 using the scientific...

Author(s): Abdifatah Abdullahi Jalei, Wanna Chaijaroenkul and Kesara Na-Bangchang,  

September 2018

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Molecular phylogeny and genetic diversity studies of some potent endophytic fungi isolated from medicinal plants (Calotropis procera and Catharanthus roseus) using 18S rRNA and RAPD analysis

Molecular identification of four endophytic fungi (Penicillium singorense, Curvularia geniculata, Aspergillus neoflavipes and Alternaria alternata) from two important medicinal plants, Calotropis procera (L.) R.Br. and Catharanthus roseus (L.) G.Don. was carried out by 18SrRNA sequencing. Genetic diversity using two RAPD primer viz. OPB-07 and OPC-06 showed good result with high polymorphism between the four strains....

Author(s): Debjani Roy Chowdhury, Swapan Kumar Chattopadhyay and Subhash Kanti Roy

September 2018

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Detection of β-tubulin gene from benomyl sensitive isolates of Colletotrichum gloeosporioides causing anthracnose disease in mango

Twenty six isolates of Colletotrichum gloeosporioides from anthracnose infected mango fruits were isolated from different places of Tamil Nadu, India and these isolates were identified as C. gloeosporioides by Internal transcribed spacer (ITS) and species specific (CgInt) primers. The sensitivity of C. gloeosporioides isolates to benomyl fungicide were evaluated at five different concentrations viz., 0.5, 1, 2, 5, 10...

Author(s): Archana S., Raguchander T. and Prabakar K.

September 2018

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Sero-prevalence of hepatitis E virus (HEV) genotype 3 in goats from Sokoto Metropolis, Nigeria

Hepatitis E virus (HEV) is a cause for public health concern in many developing countries where sanitation conditions are poor. Increasing attention has been focused on the zoonotic nature of HEV. Goats, along with other species of small ruminants have been reported to be susceptible to HEV infection. This study was designed to determine the infection rate of HEV3 by detecting antibodies against capsid proteins of HEV...

Author(s): Alkali B. R., Shuaibu A. B., Bello M., Abubakar M. B. and Daneji A. I.  

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