Articles

 

Articles

Page 6 of 1144, showing 50 records out of 57178 total, starting on record 251, ending on 300

October 2018

International Journal of Vocational and Technical Education
Knowledge of formally and informally trained dressmakers on the application of dart principles in garment designing

This study assessed and compared formally and informally trained dressmakers with regard to their use of dart principles in pattern making and garment designing. The descriptive research design was used for the study with a sample size of 50 dressmakers selected from three districts in the central region of Ghana. The instruments used for data collection were a semi-structured interview guide and an observation check...

Author(s): Deborah Amoako Asare, Patience Danquah Monnie and Modesta Efua Gavor  

October 2018

African Journal of Political Science and International Relations
A critical review of Agenda 2063: Business as usual?

This paper sets out to review and critically examine the Agenda 2063, a strategic long term planning instrument for the development of Africa in the next fifty years, prepared by the African Union Commission on the occasion of celebrating the OAU/AU golden jubilee in 2013. The objectives of this paper were to examine the viability of the agenda, to elucidate critical issues underpinning its successful implementation, to...

Author(s): Vedaste NDIZERA and Hannah MUZEE  

October 2018

African Journal of Political Science and International Relations
Why Equatoria Region in South Sudan may opt to secede

Since the founding of Southern Sudan, first as a region and later as a country, the Dinka tribe has continued to exercise absolute control and domination. Following secession of South Sudan, tribalism got elevated to a level that threatens the very unity of the new country. This study was therefore based on the hypothesis that Dinka lead governments in South Sudan cannot accept any system of governance which will not...

Author(s): Benjamin Goro Gimba  

October 2018

Journal of African Studies and Development
The teaching Of Unhu/Ubuntu through Shona novels in Zimbabwean secondary schools: A case for Masvingo urban district

The study investigated the extent to which secondary schools contributed towards the promotion of unhu among secondary school learners through the teaching of Shona novels. It aimed at assessing teachers and learners’ understanding of unhu and thereby establishing the extent to which they value the teaching of unhu through the Shona novel and ascertain the extent to which Shona teachers use prescribed texts to...

Author(s): N. Eunitah Viriri and Maradze Viriri  

October 2018

Journal of African Studies and Development
Stakeholders’ engagement at Magozi Rice Irrigation Scheme: Case study of moving from food-aid dependency to food self-sufficiency in Tanzania

This article examines stakeholders’ engagement in attaining food security and reducing poverty in the rural areas endowed with water natural resource. The main purpose of the article is to find evidence of appropriate approaches to overcome food insecurity and poverty in areas having abundant natural resources but engulfed with food and income poverty. It reviews the principles of stakeholders’ engagement to...

Author(s): Francis Mwaijande  

October 2018

ISABB Journal of Health and Environmental Sciences
An analysis of wastewater irrigation practices and its impacts on the livelihood generation and food chain contamination in Faisalabad District, Pakistan

In the irrigated agricultural areas of Pakistan, the major sources of irrigation are canal water and groundwater. Due to the scarcity of canal water the dependency on groundwater is rapidly increasing in many areas of Pakistan. The groundwater is not only expensive, inadequate, and non-affordable for the small farmers but also of inferior quality. Much of the wastewater which is produced in urban and peri-urban areas is...

Author(s): Saira Akhtar, Shabbir Ahmad, Wu Huifang, Aroosa Shahbaz, Abdul Ghafoor, Shakeel Imran, and Asma Zafar

October 2018

Journal of Ecology and The Natural Environment
Vulnerability assessment of Gnidia glauca (Thymelaeaceae) exploitation, traditional uses and domestication potential in the community forest of Kilum-Ijim, North Western Cameroon

A study was conducted in the western highland region of Cameroon with the aim to assess sustainability of Gnidia glauca exploitation in its natural habitat. In 33 plots of 40 x 40 m, the unexploited, exploited and dead trees were evaluated for vitality using a multi-criteria vulnerability assessment method. An ethnobotanical survey was conducted with 60 respondents in six villages around Mount Oku area. Data were...

Author(s): Marie Louise AVANA-TIENTCHEU, Marie Caroline MOMO SOLEFACK,  Yanick Borel KAMGA and Victor Francois NGUETSOP  

October 2018

Journal of Ecology and The Natural Environment
Understorey birds’ nests predation in afrotropical forest ecosystem: A case study of Korup area, Cameroon

Worldwide understorey nesting bird species such as bulbuls can also be highly vulnerable to nest predation in disturbed landscapes because they breed mainly on the lower stage of the forest. We test the following hypotheses: the transformation of forests into alternative land use systems and the vegetation’s variables at the nesting sites will affect the understorey nest predation rates. The nests of 12...

Author(s): Jean Tonleu, Kadiri Serge Bobo, Wamba Ducelier Djoumessi and Mpoame Mbida

October 2018

Journal of Ecology and The Natural Environment
Litterfall, litter standing crops and nutrient dynamics as influenced by selective logging in tropical rainforest of Ebom, Southwest Cameroon

Litterfall, litter standing crops, nutrient dynamics and their turnover were studied in Ebom tropical rainforest of Cameroon six years after selective logging practices. Two sample sites, one in the logging part of the forest (disturbed site) and the other in the part of forest not affected by selective logging (undisturbed site) were used for the study. After two years of field experiment, the mean annual of litterfall...

Author(s): A. Ibrahima, J. C. Ntonga and A. D. Mvondo Ze

October 2018

Journal of Computational Biology and Bioinformatics Research
Theoretical and conceptual derivation of threshold phenomena and metabolic switching models in a chemostat system

A chemostat cell culture is a polyphasic dispersed system. Three models using net transport and metabolization (T/M) kinetics of hyperbolic form have been described. The first uses only one metabolic pathway and has been studied under various conditions. The second uses two metabolic pathways, with either high or low affinity for the substrate. The third adds excretion of fermentative products to the pathways in model...

Author(s): Jacques Thierie  

October 2018

Journal of Yeast and Fungal Research
Susceptibility of Candida species isolated from recurrent vulvovaginal candidiasis to antifungal agents among women at Institut Pasteur of Côte d’Ivoire

Recurrent vulvo-vaginal candidiasis is a major issue in pubescent females because of the fact that it is a source of health discomfort. For a better medical treatment, an analysis of susceptibility of Candida species to antifungal agents is fundamental. Therefore, this study aims to determine the susceptibility of Candida spp. to antifungal agents isolated in recurrent vulvo-vaginal candidiasis. This cross-sectional...

Author(s): Kpongbo Etienne Angora, Vincent Djohan, Valérie A. Ira-Bonouman, Henriette A. Vanga-Bosson, Kondo Fulgence Kassi, Abibatou Konaté, Valérie A. Bedia-Tanoh, Sébastien A. Miezan, Christiane P. Kiki-Barro, Hervé Menan, André Offianan Touré and William Yavo  

October 2018

International Journal of Educational Administration and Policy Studies
Examination of the competencies of the pre-service teachers studying at the education faculties about the educational program literacy

Teaching programs are the basic elements and guides of the education-teaching processes. The correct understanding of the content of the teaching programs reveals the concept of the educational program literacy. The aim of this research is to study to identify the competencies of the educational program literacy of the pre-service teachers studying in the education faculties by arithmetic mean of the answers given to...

Author(s): Okan Sarıgöz and Yavuz Bolat  

October 2018

International Journal of Educational Administration and Policy Studies
Applying business models to higher education

The purpose of this qualitative study is to understand how operating models and organizational structure impact the effectiveness of higher education institutions for students, faculty, administrators and the broader community. In this case study, the researcher uses the Malcolm Baldrige National Quality Award Criteria (MBNQAC) to understand core values and the concepts of those seven criteria which are: 1) leadership...

Author(s): Sibel Ahi  

October 2018

Journal of AIDS and HIV Research
Clinical and biological outcomes in an HIV-positive child treated with the immuno-modulator 6,6’-dithiodinicotinic acid (CPDS) over four years: A case report

The elimination of HIV-AIDS by 2030 is a challenging target for a country such as the D.R. Congo, since currently fewer than 50% of persons living with HIV (PLWH) are under antiretroviral treatment (ART) and have a viral suppression. There also a high rate of death of PLWH in D.R. Congo. Accessible, affordable and sustainable immunotherapy, coupled with ART, can provide a substantial support to eliminating HIV. The...

Author(s): Adolphe Ndarabu Igulu, Leon Tshilolo Muepu, Didier Mbuyi Mukendi , and Ronald Harvey Goldfarb

October 2018

Journal of AIDS and HIV Research
Correlation of hepatobiliary ultrasonographic findings with cd4cell count and liver enzymes in adult hiv/aids patients in Jos

Hepatobiliary diseases occur commonly in patients with Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection and are now the commonest cause of death in HIV positive patients on antiretroviral therapy (ART) in western countries. The hepatobiliary manifestations of AIDS are related to the levels of CD4+ count as well as liver enzymes. Abdominal ultrasound examination is easy to perform, non-invasive, inexpensive, readily...

Author(s): A. Angbalaga, C. C. Ani, D. Atsukwei, E. D. Eze, A. M. Afodun, E. O. Igoh, S. C. Owoeye and C. B. Ukaonu

October 2018

Journal of Parasitology and Vector Biology
Effect of indoor residual spraying on malaria incidence, parasitemia and parasite density among children less than five years of age in northern Benin

The effects of indoor residual spraying (IRS) on malaria transmission have been documented. However, the impact on morbidity has not always been highlighted. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of IRS on malaria incidence, parasitemia and parasite density among children less than five years of age in Benin. We conducted a cohort study in sprayed and unsprayed areas during the malaria transmission season in...

Author(s): Aurore Ogouyèmi-Hounto, Bella Hounkpe, Yolande Sissinto Savi de Tove, Edgard Edah, Parfait Houngbegnon Augustin Koukpoliyi, Victoire de Souza, Adicath Adeothy, Alexis Tchevoede and Dorothée Kinde Gazard,  

October 2018

Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytotherapy
Catechins as antidiabetic compounds of Bridelia ferruginea Benth root bark extract

The present study was carried out to evaluate the antidiabetic activity of catechins isolated from Bridelia ferruginea in previous studies. Epigallocatechin (EGC) and Epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) isolated from B. ferruginea were administrated to streptozotocin-induced diabetic mice to evaluate their anti-hyperglycemic and anti-hyperlipidemic effects. Then, biochemical parameters were assayed in different groups of...

Author(s): Batomayena Bakoma, Bénédicte Berké, Aboudoulatif Diallo, Kwashie Eklu-Gadegbeku, Kodjo Aklikokou, Messanvi Gbeassor, and Nicholas Moore  

October 2018

International Journal of Sociology and Anthropology
Caste system, Dalitization and its implications in contemporary India

This paper deals with caste system and its implication in contemporary India. It begins with the origin of caste, religious sanction and justification made by ancient Hindu scriptures. How the role of caste which was originally followed on the basis of function among people turned out to be a discriminating element of ‘Untouchability”. It highlights various factors influencing the stabilization and...

Author(s): Selvin Raj Gnana  

October 2018

Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health
Challenges with the implementation and adoption of assisted reproductive technologies under communal farming system

This study aimed to assess the perception of cattle farmers regarding the challenges affecting implementation and adoption of Assisted Reproductive Technologies (ARTs) such as oestrous synchronisation and artificial insemination under communal and emerging farming systems in South Africa. The study was conducted in Limpopo, Mpumalanga and KwaZulu-Natal provinces. A total of 27 cattle farmers who participated in the ARTs...

Author(s): Thinawanga Joseph Mugwabana, Voster Muchenje, Nkhanedzeni Baldwin Nengovhela, Khathutshelo Agree Nephawe and Tshimangadzo Lucky Nedambale  

October 2018

Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health
Prevalence and risk analysis of bovine brucellosis in Asella organized dairy farm, Oromia Regional State, South East Ethiopia

A cross-sectional study was conducted on organized Dairy Farm at Asella, Oromia Regional State of Ethiopia to determine seroprevalence and risk analysis of bovine brucellosis in May, 2016. A total of 304 samples were collected; all were tested and confirmed serologically using Rose Bengal plate test (RBPT) and complement fixation test (CFT). Out of 304 samples tested, overall seroprevalence of RBPT and CFT results...

Author(s): Eyob Eticha, Hani Solomon, Diriba Lemma and Birhanu Abera  

October 2018

African Journal of Bacteriology Research
Detection of Mycobacterium bovis in whey, by multiplex polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and bacteriological culture

The objective of this study was to detect the presence of Mycobacterium bovis (M. bovis) in whey. A total of 233 cow milk samples were analyzed together with 26 tank milk samples that came from dairy herds of several states of the Mexican Republic (Querétaro, San Luis Potosí, Guanajuato, Hidalgo, Coahuila). DNA was obtained from whey and used for polymerase chain reaction-multiplex (PCR-M). Tuberculosis...

Author(s): Elaenia Minerva Gurrola-Mejía, Marco Antonio Santillán-Flores, Laura Hernández-Andrade and Marisela Leal-Hernández  

October 2018

African Journal of Bacteriology Research
Multidrug resistant Escherichia coli isolated from asymptomatic school going children in Kibera slum, Kenya

Pathogenic Escherichia coli are of different types, currently grouped into six groups depending on the virulence gene(s) they possess. This study isolated pathogenic E. coli from 580 stool samples obtained in the month of August, 2016. The samples were obtained from asymptomatic school going children in one of the biggest urban slums in Kenya. Ten primary schools were randomly sampled and 40 to 80 stool samples...

Author(s): Gitahi N. J., Gathura P. B., Gicheru M. M., Githinji T. W. and Nordin A.

October 2018

Journal of Stored Products and Postharvest Research
Evaluation of the storage and drying processes of Melissa officinalis L. leaves

Melissa officinalis L. (Lamiaceae), medicinal plant used as sedative commercialized in natura and as dry plant in Brazil. The aim of this study was to determine the postharvest life and drying processes of Melissa leaves in function of essential oil contents. Leaves (10 g) were stored at room temperature (RT=19.6°C) and refrigeration temperature (10°C, AR), measured daily loss of fresh mass. In the evaluation,...

Author(s): Rosana Gonçalves Rodrigues-das-Dores, Juliana Cristina Santos Almeida Bastos, Viviane Flores Xavier, Fernanda de Souza Marques, Fernando Luis Finger and Vicente Wagner Dias Casali  

October 2018

Journal of Economics and International Finance
Assessment of the relationship between leverage and performance: An empirical study of unlisted banks in Ghana

This study contrasts empirical studies which had focused on listed bank at the detriment of unlisted banks. In other to enhance public confidence in the banking sector and ensure financial inclusion, this study examined the relationship between leverage and performance of unlisted banks in Ghana. This study examined the relationship between leverage, other moderating variables and bank performance by collecting data...

Author(s): Samuel Gameli Gadzo and Samuel Kofi Asiamah  

October 2018

Journal of AIDS and HIV Research
A mixed methods study of the factors associated with HIV testing among young people in Saudi Arabia

Despite recent progress in enhancing the accessibility of HIV-related health services worldwide, opportunities to diagnose patients are often missed due to genuine barriers at different levels. The aim of the study is to explore the factors that affect the HIV testing uptake by young people in Saudi Arabia. For the quantitative strand of the study a newly developed self-completed online questionnaire was used and the...

Author(s): Abdullah Almilaibary and Mark Hayter  

October 2018

Journal of Cereals and Oilseeds
Effect of integrated nutrient management (INM) modules on late sown Indian mustard [B. juncea (L.) Cernj. & Cosson] and soil properties

A field experiment was conducted to assess the effect of integrated nutrient management (INM) modules on yield and soil properties in late sown Indian mustard [Brassica juncea (L.) Czernj. & Cosson.]. In this study, 16 INM module combinations of organic (Farm yard manure and vermicompost), inorganic and biofertilizers were used. The experiment was laid out in randomized block design (RBD) with three replications....

Author(s): H. Singh, R. P. Singh, B. P. Meena, B. Lal, M. L. Dotaniya, A. O. Shirale and K. Kumar 

October 2018

Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development
Livelihood diversification strategies among the Borana pastoral households of Yabello District, Oromia Region, Ethiopia

This study is aimed at identifying and describing the existing livelihood options and the determinants of the choice of the households’ livelihood strategies in the pastoral areas of Yabello District. The data for this study were obtained  from  a  survey  of  180  household  heads  selected  using  simple random sampling technique in the year 2016. The key...

Author(s): Doyo Kena Doyo, Eric Ndemo Okoyo and Tesfaye Lemma  

October 2018

International Journal of Plant Physiology and Biochemistry
Cytokinin levels and expression profiles of cytokinin metabolic genes in late stage maize kernels

Cytokinins (CK) are key determinants of seed size and their level can impact crop yield. The biological activities and chemistry of cytokinins are well defined but less is known about their molecular mode of action during maize kernel development, especially in late stage kernels. To understand the regulation of cytokinin levels at late stage kernel development, we examined the levels of active and inactive cytokinins...

Author(s): Hong Li, Stephen M. G. Duff, Mohamed Bedair, Mary Fernandes and Chuck R. Dietrich

October 2018

International Journal of Fisheries and Aquaculture
Otolith morphometry and fish length relation of Amblypharyngodon mola (Ham.) from Middle Ganga region (India)

The aim of this study was to determine a correlation between the length, width and weight of otoliths and the length and weight of fish samples of Amblypharyngodon mola (Hamilton,1822), a Rasborine fish caught from Middle Ganga region. Total length (TL) measurements were made with a 1mm precision fish length measuring scale. Image J software was used for measuring otolith length and width. This study shows strong...

Author(s): Neetu Nimesh and Seema Jain  

October 2018

African Journal of Biochemistry Research
New insight on premature atherosclerosis in Egyptian children with β-thalassemia major

Beta-thalassemia major (β-TM) in children is associated with an increase in the risk of premature cardiovascular complications caused by accelerated atherosclerosis which significantly contributes to morbidity and mortality. The molecular mechanisms underlying β-TM associated atherosclerosis and its relation to biochemical risk factors still remain obscure. We aimed to investigate the association between SIRT1...

Author(s): Hoda Ali Ibrahim, Soha Said Zakaria, Manal Mohamed Elbatch, Mohamed Ramadan Elshanshory and Samia Abd Elhamid Eldardiry  

October 2018

Journal of Public Administration and Policy Research
A comparative corporate governance mechanism

This paper presents an analysis of the connection between management and governance. Management is a business function that has been entrusted with providing leadership support to organisations' resources to realise strategic goals and objectives. In contemporary management, however, another function of leadership has been realised which is governance. Experts have identified that while the two have distinctive...

Author(s): Ransford Kwabena Awuku-Gyampoh and Smile Dzisi  

October 2018

Journal of Entomology and Nematology
Faunal survey of the termites of the genus Macrotermes (Isoptera: Termitidae) of Ethiopia

To date Macrotermes subhyalinus and Macrotermes herus are the only two species of termites of the genus Macrotermes recorded in Ethiopia. The description given to them in terms of distribution and their mound morphology is contrary to the literature and the species checklist is not exhaustive. This paper compares mound distribution and dimensions in Western, Central, and Southern Ethiopia and provides species checklist...

Author(s): Daniel Getahun Debelo  

October 2018

Journal of Languages and Culture
Insertion strategies used with lone English verbs in otherwise Igbo utterances

Using examples of tape recorded conversational data from fifty educated adult Igbo-English bilinguals resident in Port Harcourt, Nigeria, this paper demonstrates that lone English verbs are typically inserted into otherwise Igbo utterances by means of Igbo verbal inflectional morphology. Other verbs are adjoined to a helping verb from Igbo, specifically involving an adapted form. Yet, a few English verbs are inserted...

Author(s): Kelechukwu Ihemere

October 2018

African Journal of Biotechnology
Bioremediation potentials of sunflower and Pseudomonas species in soil contaminated with lead and zinc

This study was conducted to assess the ability of sunflower (Tithonia diversifolia) inoculated with Pseudomonas species to remediate soils contaminated with heavy metals (lead and zinc). The contaminants were added to 20 kg soil in pots as lead nitrate (Pb (NO3)2) and zinc nitrate (Zn (NO3)2); 400 mg/l metal concentrations were added to 20 kg soil in pots. The experimental design was a randomized complete block design...

Author(s): Elizabeth Temitope Alori, Abiodun Joseph, Ojo Timothy Vincent Adebiyi, Ajibola Patrick Aluko and Chidera Onyekankeya  

October 2018

International Journal of Library and Information Science
Provision of E-resources in Engineering College Libraries in India: A pilot study

Libraries and information systems have been witnessing continuous transformation since the last two decades, particularly with regard to the collection of information resources and services. A spectrum of E-resources that have emerged during this time are chiefly responsible to this transformation and changed landscape of libraries in terms of collection development, storage and provisioning their access. It has created...

Author(s): Madaiah Krishnamurthy, Roopa and Subhash Reddy

October 2018

International Journal of Physical Sciences
Deriving an expression for electron-reflection-coefficient at metal-semiconductor-interface of dye-sensitized solar cells

This work aims to derive an expression to describe the reflection coefficient of an escape electron from metal-semiconductor interface of DSSC.  The derivation was obtained by analytically solving electron diffusion equation with assumptions of steady state DSSC and negligible current flow at the outer most part of the film. The derived corrected Richardson-Dushman equation including a reflection of electron wave...

Author(s): Lurwan Garba  

October 2018

African Journal of Business Management
Building brands through experiential events: When entertainment meets education

Experiential marketing is increasingly getting companies’ attention as a strategy to interact with consumers and engage them to better convey their brand image and positioning. However, its effects are still unclear both at the aggregate and individual levels. This paper addresses this topic and presents a field experiment investigating the effects of experiential marketing on brand image in retailing. Two similar...

Author(s): Michela Addis, Giulia Miniero and Francesco Ricotta

October 2018

African Journal of Business Management
The impact of open innovation practice on innovative performance through intellectual capital: Empirical study on SMEs

Open innovation (OI) practices and intellectual capital (IC), though from developed countries and large firms’ perspective, are related to higher innovative performance. But the influence of OI paradigm on IC and consequently on firms’ innovative performance in the context of developing countries is not yet sufficiently explored. This study examined the link between OI practice and IC and their influence on...

Author(s): Gebremichael Hailekiros Sibhato  

October 2018

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Antibacterial activity of Ocimum gratissimum (scent leaf) on some pathogenic gastrointestinal bacteria

The emergence of antibiotic resistance as well as the recent undesirable side effect of some of the commercially available antibiotics has led to the screening of plant extract in order to discover new drug that could serve as alternative therapy for the treatment of various infections and diseases. Fresh leaf of Ocimum gratissimum (scent leaf) sample was collected, air-dried at room temperature and blended to powder...

Author(s): Agholor Kin, Lucy M. Yaki, Idris Abubakar, Lucy F. Olusola and Rakiya Zubairu  

October 2018

African Journal of Microbiology Research
In vitro study on the anti-microbial efficacy of Aloe vera against Candida albicans

Oral Candida infections are common among the people who are immunocompromised, with poor oral hygiene, diabetics and advanced age. Even though several effective antifungal agents are available for treating oral Candida infections, on prolonged and frequent treatment with these drugs, they may result in development of drug resistant organisms. This leads to looking for an effective, inexpensive and simple alternative....

Author(s): T. Jeevitha, K. Deepa and A. Michael  

October 2018

African Journal of Biotechnology
Applications of genomic copy number variations on livestock: A review

Genomic copy number variations (CNVs) have significantly modified genomic regions during inversions, translocations, duplications and deletions that keep shaping phenotypic variation through changes in gene dosage, regulation and transcript structure. The objective of this review was to discuss the current application of CNVs on domestication, adaptations, productions, coat colour, morphology and diseases of livestock,...

Author(s): Habtamu Abera Goshu, Min Chu and Ping Yan

October 2018

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
In vivo antitumor effect of the aqueous extract of Punica granatum in the sarcoma 180 murine model

Punica granatum, specifically the fruit, has a long ethno medical history and is a phytochemical reservoir of great medicinal value. The phytochemistry and pharmacological actions of all P. granatum components suggest a wide range of clinical applications. The aim of the present study is to investigate the anticancer potential of aqueous extract of P. granatum (AEPG) in experimental models. The chemical composition of...

Author(s): Talita Santos Bastos, Danilo Barauna Nascimento da Costa, Rafael Barreto Vieira Valois, Sara Maria Thomazzi, Marismar Fernandes do Nascimento, Grace Anne Azevedo Dória, Ricardo Guimarães Amaral, Silvana Vieira Floresta Gomes, Isabel Bezerra Lima-Verde, Cláudia Andréa Lima Cardoso, Francine Ferreira Padilha, Margarete Zanardo Gomes, Juliana Cordeiro Cardoso, Adriana Andrade Carvalho andRicardo Luiz Cavalcanti de Albuquerque-Júnior,   

October 2018

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Effects of methanolic calyx extract of Hibiscus sabdariffa on body weight, blood cholesterol and liver marker enzymes in Wistar rats

Eighty male albino rats were used to investigate the effects of methanolic calyx extract of Hibiscus sabdariffa on body weight, blood cholesterol and liver enzymes markers. Twenty-eight days oral administration of 100, 200, 400 and 800 mg/kg body weight of the extract showed a significant (p<0.05) time-dependent decrease in the body weights of all the treated groups when compared with the control, with 100 mg/kg...

Author(s): Emmanuel I. Nnamonu, Vincent C. Ejere, Edmund C. Mbegbu, Chiemekam S. Ezechukwu and Anthony O. Ejim  

October 2018

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Knowledge of medicinal plants used by residents in two peripheral districts of Boa Vista, Roraima, Northern Brazilian Amazon: Phytotherapy as a new strategy in collective health

The aim of the study was to describe local knowledge about the use of medicinal plants cited by study participants, as well as to examine how phytotherapy serves as an important strategy of integrative and complementary practice in coping with health problems. The research is characterized as an exploratory study of the descriptive type. Non-probabilistic snowball sampling generated a sample of one hundred and ten...

Author(s): Kristiane Alves Araújo, Ires Paula de Andrade Miranda, Calvino Camargo and Maxim Repetto  

October 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Determinants of rice farmers’ access to credit in Benin: A case study of the municipality of Glazoue

This study aims to identify the factors that limit the accessibility of rice farmers to credit in Benin. Data were collected from 120 randomly selected rice households in the municipality of Glazoue. The logit dichotomous model was used to analyze the data and various statistics were produced for this purpose using the Stata 13 software. The results of prediction model show that the model has a high predictive power and...

Author(s): Odountan Ambaliou Olounlade, Li Gu-Cheng, Koffi Moïse Bienvenu Sodjinou and Lacina Traoré  

October 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Productivity of pigeon pea and maize rotation system in Balaka District, Southern Malawi

In Malawi, some parts of the country, such as Balaka District in Southern Malawi, are particularly prone to erratic rains with poor soil productivity. In the 2015/2016 rainy season some learning centres (LCs) focusing on pigeon-pea (Cajanus cajan) – maize (Zea mays L) rotations were established in four sections of Ulongwe Agriculture Extension Planning Area (EPA) in Balaka District to enhance  soil fertility,...

Author(s): V. H. Kabambe, A. R. Ngwira, J. B. Aune, B. K. Sitaula and T Chilongo

October 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Productivity and profitability on groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L) and maize (Zea mays L) in a semi-arid area of southern Malawi

In many parts of Malawi, including Balaka district in Southern Malawi, are prone to erratic rains with poor soil productivity and famer practices. A research and outreach project was initiated in October 2015 to establish learning centres (LCs) of groundnut: maize rotations as an entry point to diversify nutrition and income base of smallholder farmers, while building up on soil fertility for increased resilience to...

Author(s): Vernon H. Kabambe, Amos R. Ngwira, Jens B. Aune, Bishal K. Sitaula and Thabbie Chilongo  

October 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
The influence of essential amino acid in the chick’s diet interferes in the weight gain

One of the attributes of amino acid lysine is to manufacture muscle protein, as it is a physiologically essential amino acid for immunity, development and production in birds. This study evaluates the influence of several levels of the essential amino acid lysine for chicks, with age of about 504 hours, maintained at a temperature of approximately 29 degrees Celsius. The basal diet contained 21.0% crude protein and...

Author(s): Aurelio Ferreira Borges and Maria dos Anjos Cunha Silva Borges  

October 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Caffeic acid as a preservative that extends shelf-life and maintains fruit quality of mulberries during cold storage

Fruits can be easily infected and damaged by microbes. Cold storage is a popular approach used to extend the shelf-life of fruits. In this paper, the effect of caffeic acid on physiological parameters and shelf-life of mulberries (Morus alba L.) stored for 21 days at 4°C was evaluated. The results showed that the shelf-life was significantly improved in the mulberries treated with the different concentrations of...

Author(s): Jian Zhang, Lei Kang, Lili Liu, Dandan Wang, Yan Xu, Sheng Sheng, Jun Wang, Fuan Wu, and Weiguo Zhao,  

October 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Impacts of food production, consumption fluctuations and marketing on food prices volatility in the Sudan: Evidences from Gadarif State

This study aimed to investigate the impacts of fluctuations in agricultural production, consumption and marketing bottlenecks on main food prices in Gadarif State, east of Sudan in the period of 1996 to 2011. On the supply side, an adjusted Nerlovian model of supply response was used to calculate elasticities of prices of selected agricultural products. On the consumption side, the distribution of the agricultural...

Author(s): Sharif Ismail M. Bongo  

Page 6 of 1144, showing 50 records out of 57178 total, starting on record 251, ending on 300