Articles

 

Articles

Page 6 of 1155, showing 50 records out of 57748 total, starting on record 251, ending on 300

February 2019

Journal of Media and Communication Studies
Comparison of the effects of cognitive age and advertising credibility of the elderly on reading advertising with different information loads

This study aims to find the different effects on the elderly caused by reading advertising with different information loads due to differences of cognitive age and advertising credibility. Young adults and middle-aged adults are compared with the elderly. The results reveal that different ages show differences in cognitive age but not in advertising credibility. Most of the respondents in the three age groups have a low...

Author(s): Yu Shu-Yin  

February 2019

African Journal of Biotechnology
Improvement of nutritional, sanitary and organoleptic qualities of liquid zoom-koom and instant flour zoom-koom using Lactobacillus fermentum starter culture

Traditional fermented beverages occupy an important place in the diet of populations in Burkina Faso. Zoom-koom in particular remains one of the most consumed cereal-based drinks in cities like Ouagadougou. The drink zoom-koom is consumed primarily in the liquid form and to short scale in the reconstituted form called instant flour zoom-koom. Being able to diversify zoom-koom taste and aroma and to improve the...

Author(s): Soma M., , Kaboré D., Tankoano A., Compaoré C. S., Parkouda C., Toguyeni A. and Sawadogo-Lingani H.

February 2019

African Journal of Biotechnology
Stem bark of Zanthoxylum zanthoxyloïdes a possible substitute of root bark for the conservation of the species in Burkina Faso

Zanthoxylum zanthoxyloïdes (Lam.) is used for some health purposes in Burkina Faso. However, human action threatened this species in its native environment and its regeneration is difficult by the way of population. The main focus of this study is to discriminate samples of zanthoxyloïdes from different plant populations in order to find good specimens for traditional medicine and thus contribute to the...

Author(s): Lassané Ouédraogo, Aminata P. Nacoulma, Moussa Compaoré, Latifou Lagnika and Martin Kiendrebeogo  

February 2019

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Essential oil composition, antifungal activity and leaf anatomy of Lippia alba (Verbenaceae) from Brazilian Chaco

This study aims to determine the essential oil chemical composition of Lippia alba (Mill.) N.E.Br. ex Britton & P. Wilson collected in the Brazilian Chaco where plants grow in conditions of high temperatures in the summer, periodic flood, low temperatures and air humidity in the winter. We also evaluate the oil antifungal activity against the animal and plant pathogenic fungi Aspergillus flavus, A. fumigatus, A....

Author(s): Rosani do Carmo de Oliveira Arruda⊃, Cristiane Pimentel Victório⊃, Amanda Galdi Boaretto⊃, Carlos Alexandre Carollo⊃, Cariolando da Silva Farias, Clarice Rossato Marchetti, Ronaldo José dos Santos⊃, Giovana Cristina Giannesi and Denise Brentan Silva⊃  

February 2019

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Determination of concentration of some essential and heavy metals in roots of Moringa stenopetala using flame atomic absorption spectroscopy

This study is aimed at determination of concentration of essential (Ca, K, Na and Mg) and heavy (Cd, Cr, Pb, Hg, Cu and Zn) metals using Flame Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy (FAAS) of samples taken from fresh roots of Moringa stenopetala. A wet digestion method involving use of mixture of (HCl and HNO3, ratio 3:1) and 10 ml of 30% H2O2 at an optimum temperature and time duration was deployed during sample preparations....

Author(s): Tsegaye Mega Kaba and Kusse Gudishe Goroya  

February 2019

Educational Research and Reviews
Perceived problems of 4th grade primary school students related to their families and schools

The purpose of this study was to reveal the problems perceived by fourth grade students in their own lives. The research was carried out with a basic interpretative qualitative research design. This method was used in order to examine in depth the vital problems perceived by fourth grade students. For the study, data were collected in the spring term of 2016-2017 academic year. The appropriate/accidental sampling method...

Author(s): Z. Nurdan BAYSAL, D. Duygu TANRIKULU and Serap ÇİMŞİR  

February 2019

Educational Research and Reviews
A lesson plan model for character education in primary education

The purpose of the study is to design a lesson plan model for character education in primary education, and to elicit the related stakeholders’ opinions and suggestions on the proposed lesson plan model. As a qualitative design research, the data in this study were collected through written document analysis and interview. Criterion sampling method was used to determine the participants of the study. The...

Author(s): Nida Temiz  

February 2019

Educational Research and Reviews
An examination of the relationship between primary school students’ environmental awareness and basic science process skills

The aim of the research was to examine the relationship between primary school students’ environmental awareness and basic science process skills based on various variances. Within relational research model, the research was conducted with 332 grade 3 and 4 students. Primary School Environmental Awareness Scale and Basic Skills Scale were used to collect data. Demographic features were employed to determine the...

Author(s): Nihal Yıldız Yılmaz  

February 2019

African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
Endothelium-independent vasorelaxation by dichloromethanolic fraction from Anogeissus leiocarpa (DC) Guill. Et Perr. (Combretaceae) bark of trunk on porcine coronary artery rings: Involvement of [Ca2+]i decreased and phosphodiesterases inhibition

Anogeissus leiocarpa (DC) Guill. et Perr. belongs to the Combretaceae family and was previously named A. leiocarpa (DC) Guill. Et Perr. It has been widely used in Burkina Faso by traditional medicine for the treatment of hypertension. Previous study showed that the dichloromethanolic fraction from the barks of trunk of A. leiocarpa (ALF) has induced an endothelium-independent and endothelium-dependent vasodilation...

Author(s): Belemnaba Lazare, Nitiéma Mathieu, Ouédraogo Sylvin, Auger Cyril, Schini-Kerth Valérie B. and Bernard Bucher  

February 2019

African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
Rats cholestasis instigated by 𝛼-Naphthylisothiocyanate and the impacts of green tea (Camellia sinensis) antioxidant

𝛼-Naphthylisothiocyanate (ANIT) is known to provoke liver damage with intrahepatic cholestasis. This ANIT is accepted to be important for assessing the effect of medicine instigated cholestasis. This assessment investigated the effect of green tea (Camellia sinensis) in contrast to that of Vitamin C (VC) against the hepatotoxicity of ANIT. Rats were orally treated with green tea portion (GT50, 75, 100 mg/kg) and CV (250...

Author(s): Wael M. Al-Amoudi  

February 2019

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Microbial quality of Nile perch (Lates niloticus) and physico-chemical properties of salted sun-dried products sold at regional markets, Tanzania

This study was conducted to investigate the microbial and physico-chemical qualities of salted sun-dried Nile perch (Lates niloticus) products and frozen fish from various storage facilities in Mwanza, Tanzania. The bacterial flora, moisture contents (MCs), and water activity (Aw) were investigated using standard methods. A total of 120 samples were collected for microbiological analysis with 90 of the samples...

Author(s): Zebedayo Baniga, Anders Dalsgaard, Lughano J. M. Kusiluka and Robinson H. Mdegela  

February 2019

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Isolation and identification of bacteria from high-temperature compost at temperatures exceeding 90°C

Conventional composts exhibit temperatures ranging from 50 to 80°C during organic waste degradation by microorganisms. In high-temperature compost, temperatures can reach ≥90°C with appropriate bottom aeration. To elucidate specific characteristics of the bacterial activity in high-temperature compost and to regenerate a high-temperature compost from isolates, bacterial isolation and characterization were...

Author(s): Kikue Hirota, Chihaya Miura, Nobuhito Motomura, Hidetoshi Matsuyama And Isao Yumoto,  

February 2019

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Microbial contamination of cell phones of nursing department students in Technical Institute of Baqubah, Iraq

This study was aimed to investigate microbiological colonization of cell phones used by nursing students of Baqubah Technical Institute, from June to August 2018. In 150 randomly collected cell phones, 133 bacterial and 74 fungal species were isolated using sterile swabs from cell phones surface. The microbe were identified using conventional methods, bacterial species isolated were: Staphylococcus aureus (48%),...

Author(s): Suhail Jawdat Fadhil  

February 2019

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Potential use of rhizobium for vegetable crops growth promotion

The system of vegetable crops production required large amounts of mineral fertilizers. One of the possible alternatives to assure the economic and environmental sustainability of this production system would be the use of promoting growth plant rhizobacteria (PGPR). However, care is needed to select a microorganism to be used in crops that are usually consumed raw, so human health is not at risk. It was important to...

Author(s): C. S. Borges, E. L. Saccol de Sá, A. W. Muniz and B. D. Osorio Filho  

February 2019

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Effect of foliar application of iron on seasonal changes of some physical and chemical properties in berries of Halwani Lebanon grape cultivar (Vitis vinifera L.)

A field experiment was conducted in 2009 and 2010 growing seasons, to study the effect of foliar application of iron- chelated "Fe-EDTA" (0, 100 and 200 mg.l-1) on the seasonal dynamic of some physical and chemical properties of berries of Halwani Lebanon grape cultivar, grown on a calcareous soil in Mosul region,  Iraq. The results revealed that the foliar application of 100 mgFe.l-1 caused a significant...

Author(s): Nabil M. Ameen Abdullah Al-Imam  

February 2019

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Seed germination of seeds preserved for about 20 years and that of seeds preserved for several years

From the herbage seeds, only alfalfa (Medicago sativa) showed about 3 - 5% germination ratio for 20 years old seeds. The results are consistent with that of Park and Kim (2009). No germination was observed from the other herbage species, but the decay of seeds were observed sometimes. However, the vegetable seeds preserved for several years showed high germination ratios. In conclusion, older seeds generally germinate a...

Author(s): Byung Hoon PARK, Ji Hwan JEONG, Deok Joong KIM, Yoon Ho PARK, Young Hoon CHO, Min Joo KANG, Gang Yong KIM, Sun Ho JANG, Dong Hyan JUNG, Hee Soo CHOI, Jin Woo SON, Hyun Sung KANG, Min Sun KIM, Jung Won LEE and Sangdeog A. KIM  

February 2019

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Malt Barley (Hordeum distichon L.) varieties performance evaluation in North Shewa, Ethiopia

Malt barley is the most important cereal crop grown in highland parts of Ethiopia. Even though Ethiopia has favorable environment and potential market opportunity, the share of malting barley production is quite low (about 15%) as compared to food barley. One reason for low production is the use of low yielding varieties. The present investigation was conducted in a randomized complete block design with three...

Author(s): Wegayehu Felek Bizuneh and Derib Alemu Abebe  

February 2019

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Calibration and validation of CERES-wheat in DSSAT model for yield simulation under future climate in Adet, North Western Ethiopia

Crop models are highly useful for simulating crop and soil processes in response to variations in climate and crop management. However, well estimated crop genetic coefficients are required. So the purpose of this study is to calibrate and evaluate the performance of CERES-wheat model and to simulate the climate change impacts on phonological stages and grain yield of bread wheat (Tay and Senkegna varieties) in the...

Author(s): Endalew Assefa Abera  

February 2019

African Journal of Biotechnology
Analysis of the mitotic effect of Annona muricata leaf extracts on Allium cepa root tip cells

There has been a growing interest in medicinal plants by the locals of the Pacific Islands since it is readily available. Annona muricata, commonly called soursop is one of such plants which is popular because it is being used to treat initial stages of cancer due to its antioxidant properties. This study investigated various extraction methods which could be used to compare and see the effectiveness of each on the...

Author(s): Rehana Bibi, Ketan Christi, Marta Ferreira, and Nwangburuka Cyril  

February 2019

African Journal of Biotechnology
Quantitation of differential expression of transcription factors under moisture deficit stress in sugarcane

Moisture deficit stress, one of the abiotic stresses, affects sugarcane growth and development and reduces cane and sugar yields. Transcription Factors (TFs) are master regulatory proteins in all living cells which have the capability of activating or repressing transcription of stress responsive genes in order to activate the stress tolerance mechanism. Study of expression profiles of TF genes which regulate the...

Author(s): Manel Dapanage, and Sumangala Bhat,  

February 2019

African Journal of Biotechnology
Comparison of oil quality extracted from selected conventional and non conventional sources of vegetable oil from Malawi

In this study, oil quality with respect to physicochemical and phytochemical characteristics extracted from nonconventional seed oil namely Moringa oleifera, Adansonia digitata, Parinari curatellifolia and Cajanus cajan and conventional seed oil namely soybean (Glycine max) and groundnut (Arachis hypogaea) was assessed and compared. Results showed that there were significant differences in various quality parameters...

Author(s): Lesten Eliez Chisomo Chatepa, Hankie Uluko and Kingsley Masamba  

February 2019

Scientific Research and Essays
Compaction and strength characteristics of recycled pavement material: Cement mixtures used for road pavement purposes

The implementation of conventional soil-cement stabilization techniques is hindered by the relatively large particle size of road pavement materials. This study aims to investigate the effects of the gradations of soil particles, cement content, and water content on the soil-cement materials (real construction materials collected from the field) used for pavement. Recycled crushed rock obtained from the pulverizing...

Author(s): Apichit Kumpala, Peerapong Jitsangiam, Anukun Arngbunta and Pattarapong Singhan  

February 2019

African Journal of Business Management
The impact of firms’ characteristics in accessing finance by micro, small and medium enterprises in Southern Ethiopia

There is a concurrence among different stakeholders such as policy makers, economists, and business experts that Micro Small and Medium enterprises (MSMEs) are engines of economic growth. The dynamic role of MSMEs in developing countries insures them as engines through which the growth objectives of developing countries can be achieved. However many problems encounter MSMEs and as a result, many firms perform dismally...

Author(s): Desta Zelalem and Mebrat Wubante  

February 2019

African Journal of Business Management
Investigating the effectiveness of entrepreneurship education in developing entrepreneurial intentions among students in HEIs located in Blantyre District of Malawi

This paper aims to investigate the effectiveness of entrepreneurship education in developing entrepreneurial intentions among students in HEIs in Blantyre District of Malawi. A mixed method approach consisting of quantitative and qualitative methods was employed. In total 60 participants were purposively sampled for the study of which 42 responded to the questionnaire that was administered. This represents a response...

Author(s): Nelson Nanteleza Ndala  

February 2019

African Journal of Microbiology Research
A comparative study on antibacterial effects of Hagenia abyssinica oil extracted from different parts of the plant using different solvents against two selected and standardized human pathogens

Hagenia abyssinica is an important medicinal plant that the traditional society relied on for generations as a traditional medicine for various types of worm infections. The tree is a multipurpose dioecious tree and can grow up to 20 m in length. This research work is designed to investigate the antibacterial activity of H. abyssinica oils extracted using three different kinds of solvent and from three...

Author(s): Getachew Abebe and Getachew Birhanu  

February 2019

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Biosynthesis of cadmium selenide quantum dots by Providencia vermicola

Cadmium selenide quantum dots (CdSe QDs) were synthesized by using Providencia vermicola BGRW, which has discriminatory ability to resist many metals such as Selenium, Cadmium, Silver, Zinc, Copper, Lead, Nickel, Cobalt and Bismuth metals. BGRW was able to grow in the presence of 6 mM of CdCl2. The best conditions for extra/intracellular CdSe QDs synthesis were 0.1 mM SeO2: 0.9 mM CdCl2, 37°C, pH 9 within 24 h. The...

Author(s): Rawan S. Abou-Assy, Bahig A. El-Deeb, Abdullah D. Al-Talhi and Nasser Y. Mostafa,

February 2019

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Influence of aqueous extracts of black angico on Pratylenchus brachyurus in cotton plants

The root lesion nematode (Pratylenchus brachyurus) is one of the main phytosanitary problems of cotton plants in Brazil. Searching for alternatives that minimize the damages in the crop, several methods are performed aiming to manage these damages. Among them, is the use of vegetal extracts. In this sense, the aim of this study was to evaluate the potential of black angico extract (Anadenanthera macrocarpa) in the...

Author(s): Wéverson Lima Fonseca⊃, Fernandes Antonio de Almeida⊃, Rezanio Martins Carvalho, Tarciana Silva dos Santos, Ananda Rosa Beserra Santos, Joelma Santana Rezende, Maria Lúcia Tiburtino Leite, Jeissica Taline Prochnow and Ana Paola Pieta Rambo

February 2019

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Enhancing agricultural sustainability and productivity under changing climate conditions through improved agroforestry practices in smallholder farming systems in Sub-Saharan Africa

Fighting climate change and its nefarious effects is at the forefront of the United Nations’ SDGs, agenda 2030. This comes at a time when the global climate is changing rapidly owing to increasing concentration of carbon dioxide (CO2) and other greenhouse gases (GHGs) in the atmosphere resulting principally from fossil fuel combustion and agricultural lands taking the place of tropical forests. Climate change...

Author(s): Nyong P. Awazi and Martin N. Tchamba  

February 2019

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Evaluation of improved potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) varieties for some quality attributes at Shebench Woreda of Bench-Maji Zone, Southwestern Ethiopia

In Ethiopia, potato sub-sector is expanding, with more value added products, such as potato chips, mainly due to increasing demands associated with growth of population and urbanization. Processing industry is very dependent on the quality parameters of tuber to satisfy the increasing demand of customers. Thus, this experiment was conducted with the objective to evaluate the quality of some improved potato varieties at...

Author(s): Tilahun Bekele and Bewuketu Haile  

February 2019

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Involving small holder farmers in the agricultural land use planning process using Analytic Hierarchy Process in rice farming systems of Kilombero Valley, Tanzania

Despite the truth that the agricultural land use planning exercises have so far covered small and fragmented part of the African continent, the involvement of farmers who are among the direct beneficiaries of the outputs have been limited. This work demonstrates the contributions of farmers on the land use planning process for rice production in Kilombero Valley, Tanzania. Analytic hierarchic process (AHP) was used to...

Author(s): Boniface H. J. Massawe, Abel K. Kaaya and Brian K. Slater  

February 2019

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Boosting self-sufficiency in maize crop production in Osisioma Ngwa Local Government with internet of things (IOT)-climate messaging: A model

The cultivation of maize round the year is a great challenge to both subsistence and mechanized farmers in Abia State owing to the changes in climatic conditions especially precipitation, relative humidity, and temperature during the two traditional seasons, which affect the growth and yield of the cereal crop. This paper is the first of a two-part study aimed to evolving an internet-based remote monitoring and...

Author(s): Wilson Nwankwo, Akinola S. Olayinka and Chinecherem Umezuruike  

February 2019

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Genetic variability of common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) genotypes under sole and maize-bean cropping systems in Bako, Western Oromia, Ethiopia

Knowledge of the sources and magnitude of variability among genotypes plays a pivotal role in any crop improvement program to maximize gains from selection. This experiment was conducted at Bako Agricultural Research Center in 2011 cropping season with the objective of studying and estimating the extent of genetic variability in common bean genotypes under sole and mixed cropping systems. Meanwhile, the wider range of...

Author(s): Kassa Mammo, Dagne Wegary, Dagnachew Lule and Firew Mekbib  

February 2019

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Fungal endophytes in bananas cv Manzano affected by Fusarium

Endophytes microorganisms have the potential to control vascular diseases caused by Fusarium spp. which does not have an effective chemical control. In this study, endophytes populations present in Manzano -apple bananas- affected by Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cubense race 1 were studied. Endophytes were isolated in two commercial farms in Urabá-Colombia, taking leaf, pseudostem, corm and root tissues from healthy...

Author(s): Sebastián Zapata Henao, María Camila Henao Vásquez, Luis Fernando Patiño Hoyos, Jaiver Danilo Sánchez Torres and Lilliana María Hoyos-Carvajal  

February 2019

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Selection of cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz) genotypes based on agro-morphological traits in Angola

The aim of the present study is to select superior cassava genotypes based on agro-morphological traits using three non-parametric indices and to correlate them in order to verify the degree of agreement between them. Traits such as number of branches, plant height, stem diameter, distance between internodes, height of the first branch, number of roots, root diameter, root length, shoot yield and root yield in...

Author(s): Sandra Domingos João Afonso, Carlos Alberto da Silva Ledo, Ricardo Franco Cunha Moreira, Vanderlei da Silva Santos, Viviane Peixoto Borges and Pascoal António Muondo  

February 2019

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Effect of different doses of Azospirillum brasilense and nitrogen fertilizer in wheat crop

The objective of the present work is to evaluate the effect of different doses of nitrogen combined with different doses of A. brasilense in the agronomic characteristics of wheat. The experiment was conducted in Curuguaty, Paraguay in 2017 and the variety used was Canindé 11. The experimental design is a completely randomized block with factorial ordering and four repetitions. The treatments are a combination...

Author(s): Diosnel A. M., Milciades A. M. A, Walter V., Miguel B., Ever M. C., Marcos J. M., Rafael F., Modesto da Silva H. and Wilfrido D. L.  

February 2019

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Photosynthetic profiles and nutrimental characterization of yellow mango in Mexico

Worldwide, Mexico represents the first exporter of mango. However, in recent years mango exports have decreased by 29 points due to a change in the preference of the American market; hence, it is essential to diversify the supply of mangoes exports. Measurement of the net photosynthesis response and internal CO2 concentrations can provide data on important parameters of the physiology of a variety; these have been...

Author(s): Betsabe Piedragil-Ocampo, Elías Hernández-Castro, José Antonio Mora Aguilera, Agustín Damián-Nava, Francisco Palemón Alberto, Gregorio Sarabia Ruiz and Abraham  Monteón-Ojeda  

February 2019

African Journal of Biotechnology
Regulation of a dominant glutathione S-transferase and Na+/K+ by spermidine under salinity in onion

Spermidine (Spd) is one of the most important polyamines (PAs) showing important roles in growth, development and stress responses in plants. The role of Spd in regulation of a dominant glutathione S-transferase (GST, E.C.2.5.1.18) and ionic balance of Na+ and K+ in onion leaves were examined. Onion GSTs were separated from fresh bulb tissue using DEAE-cellulose chromatography. Three GSTs were eluted at 56, 120 and 169...

Author(s): Tanjina Islam, Md. Rezwan Molla, Reshma Sultana, Md. Bazlur Rahman, Munshi Rashid Ahmad and Md. Motiar Rohman  

February 2019

African Journal of Biotechnology
Genetic structure of cassava populations (Manihot esculenta Crantz) from Angola assessed through (ISSR) markers

Eighteen ISSR primers (between Simple Repeated Sequences) were used to estimate the genetic diversity of Angolan cassava populations in order to identify genetic variabilities and their potential to be used in the diversification of cassava crops in Angola. In order to do so, three populations from three Angolan provinces were analyzed (Cuanza Norte, Uige and Malanje), which totaled 40 genotypes. In total, 116 bands...

Author(s): Sandra Domingos João Afonso, Ricardo Franco Cunha Moreira, Carlos Alberto da Silva Ledo, Cláudia Fortes Ferreira, Vanderlei da Silva Santos and Pascoal António Muondo  

February 2019

Educational Research and Reviews
A review on the relationship between critical thinking skills and learning domains of Turkish Language

Knowledge has been transforming and progressing at an unprecedented pace at the present time. In the face of the incomprehensible transformation and progression of the knowledge, human beings have had to change their vital needs. Education is among these vital needs. In the last century, particularly in the last quarter of the century, the developments in the knowledge and science necessitate the formation of relevant...

Author(s): Epçaçan Cahit  

February 2019

Educational Research and Reviews
Evaluation of Turkish teacher candidates’ perception of note taking concept

Note taking is individual’s recording of the attraction grabbing, unknown or newly learned knowledge in brief notes so as to remember afterwards. Note taking nowadays is no longer a routine action for students but viewed as a skill. In fact, students do not take note of all the word being taught in classes but record the knowledge in short notes, sometimes even shortening the words in a way understandable to them....

Author(s): Hüseyin Özçakmak and Okan Sarigöz

February 2019

Educational Research and Reviews
Evaluation of Turkey’s 2013 Visual Arts (Grades 1-8) curriculum

Turkey’s Ministry of National Education aims to identify and develop valuable characteristics to prepare the nation’s young for their professional life as adults. The Ministry has been conducting an extensive and comprehensive review of the educational system since the beginning of 2000. Educational system was implemented in time for the 2012/2013 academic year. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the...

Author(s): Eylem Tataroğlu  

February 2019

Educational Research and Reviews
Perceptions of democracy of foreign students studying at Mustafa Kemal University

In Turkey, foreign students are studying in most of the universities. On July 15, 2016, these students faced a treacherous coup attempt against democracy and were able to witness the Turkish people's reaction to the coup attempt. The aim of this study is to examine the views of foreign students studying at Mustafa Kemal University on democracy. In the literature, foreign students who studied in Turkey have been...

Author(s): Servet HALİ and Fatih ÖZYURT

February 2019

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Aristolochic acids in herbal medicine: Public health concerns for consumption and poor regulation of botanical products in Nigeria and West Africa

Aristolochic acids are naturally occurring biomolecules found in plants of the genus Aristolochia and Asarum belonging to the family Aristolochiaceae. They are reported to be carcinogenic and nephrotoxic; and are implicated in kidney diseases, aristolochic acid nephropathy (AAN) which may result in kidney failure, other health complications and possibly death. Aristolochic acids are highly genotoxic and are linked to...

Author(s): Okhale S. E., Egharevba H. O., Okpara O. J., Ugbabe G. E., Ibrahim J. A., Fatokum O. T., Sulyman A. O.  and Igoli J. O.  

February 2019

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
In vitro effect and scanning electron microscopic changes of Nigella sativa loaded chitosan nanoparticles on Schistosoma mansoni adult

Nanoparticles can act as drug carriers that can modulate pharmacokinetics, increase bioavailability and target release with minimal toxic effects. The present work aimed to assess the therapeutic effect and electron microscopic changes of Nigella sativa loaded Chitosan Nanoparticles (NSLCN) on adult Schistosoma mansoni in vitro. Adult worms were removed from the portal and mesenteric veins of infected mice after 90...

Author(s): Shereen Magdy Kishik, Ahlam Farag Mohram, Marwa Mohamed Nagib, Hemat Salah Ali and Fatma Fawzi Hendawy  

February 2019

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Effect of hormones on the seed germination of Bupleurum species

In Asia, Radix Bupleuri (Bupleurum spp. root) is an important medicine used for treating many diseases over the past 2000 years. However, its cultivation is difficult due to poor germination rates and loss of seedling viability shortly after seeding. In the present study, the effect of 6-benzyl aminopurine (6-BA), daminozide, gibberellin (GA3), paclobutrazol, uniconazole, and mepiquat chloride (MC) on the germination of...

Author(s): Ma Yu, Guihua Lv, Hongzhang, Yuchan Li, Cheng Yuan, Zhikang Tang, Xiaoyan Shu, Chun Sui, Dabin Hou and Jian-He Wei  

February 2019

African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
Anti-fertility activity of aqueous root bark extracts of Asparagus africanus Lam and Annona senegalensis Pers combination on female Sprague Dawley rats

Many rural and poor women have now resorted to use of potential medicinal plants as a means of fertility control. Asparagus africanus Lam and Annona senegalensis Pers are some of the plants used for this purpose. The efficacy and safety of many of such plants, however, have not been verified. Therefore, screening for anti-fertility activity of potential medicinal plants, would thus provide alternative safe and...

Author(s): Okidi Oscar P. Okello, Nkwangu David and Joseph Oloro  

February 2019

African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
Good practice guidance to support safe oral medication preparation and administration through feeding tubes

The objective of this work is to elaborate good practice guidance, aimed at preparing and administering drugs through feeding tube. This study was performed at a secondary level hospital in the interior of São Paulo state, Southeast Region of Brazil. For the first phase, a literature review was carried out in the following databases: LILACS, MEDLINE, Web of Science, and MICROMEDEX® Solutions. A manual search...

Author(s): Rosana Aparecida Pereira, Adriano Max Reis, André Aparecido Ramos, Raquel Fernandes, Adriana Cristina Bentlin Canalli, Mayara Carvalho Godinho Rigobello, Ana Paula Gobbo Motta, Fabiana Bolela de Souza and Fernanda Raphael Escobar Gimenes  

February 2019

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Lactobacillus acidophilus and Bifidobacteria spp having antibacterial and antiviral effects on chronic HCV infection

Hepatitis C virus is a serious hepatic disease that could be developed into hepatocellular carcinoma. Previously, some probiotic strains showed a natural therapeutic activity against the fatty liver disorder. Therefore, it could make sense to evaluate the antiviral and antibacterial responses to probiotics as Lactobacillus acidophilus and Bifidobacteria spp. in patients with chronic hepatitis C virus. Twenty (20)...

Author(s): Nanis G. Allam, Mohamed L. Salem, Hassan Elbatae and Maii Moustafa Nabieh  

February 2019

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Molecular characterization of silver resistant E. coli strains isolated from patients suffering from diarrhea

Silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) are considered a good alternative for antibiotics due to emerging Multidrug Resistance (MDR) crisis. Resistance to AgNPs is approximately limited among Gram-positive and Gram-negative pathogens. Low toxicity to human cells permits its safe use as a new antimicrobial with broad spectrum. Bacterial cells are used as a factory for AgNPs synthesis supplying a powerful antimicrobial with...

Author(s): Doaa Safwat Mohamed, Eman Farouk Ahmed and Rehab Mahmoud Abd El-Baky,

February 2019

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Use of vegetable oils in the control of Colletotrichum sp. in banana fruits

Anthracnose is a disease caused by the fungus of the genus Colletotrichum. It is considered an important post-harvest disease in fruits of banana (Musa sp.) which depreciates the commercial value of the fruit. The use of vegetable oils to control fungal growth and disease progression in plants is an important alternative to minimize the deleterious effects of toxic chemicals. Studies were carried out to evaluate the...

Author(s): Antonia Fabiana Barros de Lima, Luan de Oliveira Nascimento, Gleisson de Oliveira Nascimento, Ruthe Lima Souza, Josimar Batista Ferreira, William Ferreira Alves, Francisco Ian Oliveira Nascimento and Givanildo Pereira Ortega

Page 6 of 1155, showing 50 records out of 57748 total, starting on record 251, ending on 300