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Articles

Page 6 of 1138, showing 50 records out of 56876 total, starting on record 251, ending on 300

August 2018

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology
Factors associated with birth preparedness and complication readiness among antenatal clinic attendants in selected public Hospitals in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia: Institution based cross sectional study

Birth preparedness and complication readiness is a comprehensive strategy aimed in promoting timely access to skilled maternal and neonatal services. It also facilitates active preparation and decision making for delivery by pregnant women. The aim of this study was to assess birth preparedness and complication readiness plans of antenatal clinic attendees in selected public Hospitals of Addis Ababa. Institution based...

Author(s): Hawi Chala, Sahilu Asseged, Demelash Woldeyohannes and Yohannes Tekalegn

August 2018

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology
Cancer survival in Brazil: Estimate through the mortality to incidence ratio

Information about cancer incidence, mortality and survival is one of the pillars for disease monitoring. In Brazil, only a few studies show population-based survival. The mortality to incidence ratio (M:I) is an indirect measure of cancer survival and can be used to estimate a population cancer survival. To calculate the mortality to incidence ratios (M:I), an official information for incidence and mortality rates in...

Author(s): Rejane de Souza Reis and Alfredo José Monteiro Scaff

August 2018

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology
Health problems related to algal bloom among seaweed farmers in coastal areas of Tanzania

There is a scarcity of research-based data on the factors associated with skin irritation due to algal blooms in seaweed farming. Changes in temperature with an increase in nutrients levels lead to the growth of harmful algal blooms, which produce many active metabolites, some of which induce toxic responses in human including skin irritation. The objective of this study was to identify health problems experienced by...

Author(s): Aziza, H. Said, , , Flower, E. Msuya, Margareth, S. Kyewalyanga, Aviti, J. Mmochi, Evalyn, W. Mwihia, Eystein Skjerve, Helena, A. Ngowi and Jan, L. Lyche

August 2018

Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health
An observational and questionnaire based study on principles of herd health management on Jimma University dairy farms

The study was in Jimma University dairy farm with objective to assess the dairy management aspects of Jimma University dairy farm and to identify the herd health problems of the dairy farm. Ethiopia has a large number of livestock populations and holds the 1st rank in Africa. Despite the huge number of cattle and their economic importance, the productivity is low due to constraints of disease, nutrition, poor...

Author(s): Semayat Oyda and Teferi Mandado  

August 2018

Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytotherapy
Evaluation of the therapeutic and toxicological knowledge of herbalists on the most notified plants in the poison control and pharmacovigilance center of Morocco

According to the World Health Organization, 80% of the population in developing countries is engaged in traditional medicine. Consequently, the issue of poisoning by plants is not negligible. The objective of this study is to evaluatethe therapeutic and toxicological knowledge of herbalists of the most reported plants in the anti-poison center of Morocco. Field study by direct interview with 20 herbalists of the...

Author(s): Imane Zakariya, Jihane Ifezouane, Amal Addaoui, Souad Skalli and Yassir Bouslimane

August 2018

Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytotherapy
The Mexican mistletoe Struthanthus venetus (HBK Blume) inhibits proliferation and synergizes antagonistic actions of Tamoxifen and Fulvestrant in breast cancer MCF-7 cells

Mistletoes are hemi-parasitic plants widely distributed around the world, used in folk medicine to treat many diseases including diabetes, hypertension, menopausal syndrome and as complementary or adjuvant treatment for cancer. The objective of the present work was the evaluation of oestrogenic activity of hydromethanolic extract of mistletoe Struthanthus venetus dried leaves (StvHME), to evaluate its potential benefits...

Author(s): Marte Lorenzana-Jiménez, María Estela Avila, Alejandra Figueroa, Lorena Mendiola-Almaraz, Gil Alfonso Magos Guerrero and Cristina Lemini  

August 2018

Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytotherapy
Protective effect of ethanolic extract of Cucurbita maxima (PUMPKIN) leaf on acetaminophen-induced acute liver toxicity

Ethanolic extract of dried leaves of Cucurbita maxima (Pumpkin) were screened for their phytochemical composition. The in vitro antioxidant property was determined by assessing the free radical (DPPH) scavenging activity. Twenty rats divided into four groups were used for this study with group 4 pre-treated with the extract and later intoxicated with 2 g/kg single dose of acetaminophen. The hepatoprotective effect of...

Author(s): Michael Okey Enemali, Titilayo Oluwayemisi Bamidele and Mohammed Abdullahi Ubana

August 2018

African Journal of Bacteriology Research
Enteric bacterial communities associated with the Omubhira Stream in Kakamega County, Kenya

The present study was undertaken to establish the distribution and diversity of enteric bacterial communities along the Omubhira stream and also determine if physico-chemical parameters influence their distribution in water in terms of total coliforms (TC) and Escherichia coli. Stratified random sampling was used and four strata with 15 selected sampling sites identified along the stream. Selection of the sampling sites...

Author(s): Menya A. A., Shivoga A. W. and Wawire S. A.

August 2018

African Journal of Bacteriology Research
Physicochemical analysis and microbial quality of cow butter obtained from Menz district of Amhara region, Ethiopia

Menz has long been known for its quality butter production but traditional milk products are generally reported to be of substandard quality. Therefore, this investigation was conducted to access physiochemical and microbial quality of butter from Menz district along the market value chain. The study was conducted by using laboratory analysis of physiochemical and microbial quality. The microbiological count data were...

Author(s): Lina Gazu, Tewodros Eshete and Getachew Kassa  

August 2018

Journal of Geology and Mining Research
Investigation of magnetic anomalies of Abakaliki area, Southeastern Nigeria, using high resolution aeromagnetic data

Aeromagnetic data over Abakaliki area of lower Benue trough, Nigeria was interpreted qualitatively and quantitatively using Oasis montaj software. The qualitative interpretation unveiled basic intrusive bodies like dykes, laccolites and batholitic bodies in the area. It also revealed fault zone which trends southeastern part of the study area. Quantitative interpretation was carried out by forward and inverse modeling,...

Author(s): Daniel N. Obiora, Julius I. Idike, Andrew I. Oha, Chijioke G. Soronnadi-Ononiwu, Ngozi A. Okwesili and Mirianrita N. Ossai  

August 2018

Journal of Geology and Mining Research
Interpretation of high resolution aeromagnetic data to determine sedimentary thickness over part of Bida Basin, North Central Nigeria

This study focuses on the quantitative interpretation of aeromagnetic data to estimate the thickness of sediments over part of Bida Basin so as to identify possible areas of hydrocarbon potential. The study area covers an area of 24,200 km2 located between latitude 8° 30ꞌN and 9° 30ꞌN and longitudes 5° 00ꞌE and 7° 00ꞌE. Aeromagnetic data in grid format containing eight sheets were analysed and...

Author(s): Oke I. Okwokwo, Adebayo A. Adetona, Taiwo Adewumiand Sunday O. Adediran    

August 2018

Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development
Technological gaps of agricultural extension: Mismatch between demand and supply in North Gondar Zone, Ethiopia

This paper examines technological challenges of the agricultural extension in North Gondar Zone of Ethiopia. Understanding technological gaps in public agricultural extension helps to devise demand driven and compatible technologies to existing contexts of farmers. The study used cross sectional survey using quantitative and qualitative techniques. Data were generated from primary and secondary sources using household...

Author(s): Genanew Agitew, Sisay Yehuala, Asegid Demissie and Abebe Dagnew  

August 2018

Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development
Factors affecting paddy farmers' perception of utilizing agricultural machines in Indonesia

This paper aims to identify factors affecting farmers’ negative perception on utilizing rice transplanters and combine harvesters. To this end, data obtained from interview survey in the westernmost part of Java Island, Banten Province was analyzed, where agricultural labor wages increase at a faster pace as compared to other regions and a rapid diffusion of agricultural mechanization is anticipated. The...

Author(s): Ani Pullaila, Eka Rastiyanto Amrullah, Yati Astuti and Akira Ishida  

August 2018

Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health
The efficacy of Ovopet® in the treatment of hip dysplasia in dogs

Hip dysplasia is a widespread condition that can affect dogs of all ages. Hip dysplasia is caused by a subluxation in the hip joint. This leads to the development of osteoarthritis that causes inflammation and pain. At this sight, the efficacy of a supplement with Ovopet®, eggshell membrane, was evaluated together with its tolerability and safety. Forty client-owned medium sized arthritic dogs were treated daily for...

Author(s): Andrés Aguirre, Erena Gil-Quintana, Marisa Fenaux, Nuria Sanchez and Celina Torre  

August 2018

Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health
A study of Newcastle disease virus in poultry from live bird markets and backyard flocks in Kenya

A countrywide cross-sectional study was conducted to determine the presence of Newcastle disease virus (NDV) in poultry in live bird markets (LBMs) and backyard poultry farms in Kenya. A total of nine hundred and twenty two (922) poultry in backyard flocks and four hundred and fifty four (454) poultry in LBMs were examined. Overall, NDV was detected in 10.1% (46/454) of the poultry sampled in live bird markets. In...

Author(s): Irene Nafula Ogali, Erick Ouma Mungube, Jacqueline Kasiiti Lichoti, Moses Were Ogugo and Sheila Cecily Ommeh  

August 2018

Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development
Participatory on farm evaluation of improved mungbean technologies in the low land areas of North Shewa Zone Amhara Region, Ethiopia

The study was conducted in four selected potential areas of North Shewa zone namely; Kewot, Efratana gidim, Ensaro and Merhabete district. The main objective of the study was to evaluate, select the best performing mungbean varieties and to assess farmer’s technology preference. The experiment was done using three improved varieties namely; Rasa (N-26), NLV-1, and Arkebe improved varieties and local variety as a...

Author(s): Yehuala Kassa, Daneil Admasu, Abiro Tigabe, Amsalu Abie and Dejene Mamo  

August 2018

Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science
Evaluation of constraints in production of root and tuber crops in Ethiopia: Overview of policy neglected climate resilient food security crops

The objective of the current study was to examine the major constraints in production of root and tuber crops in Ethiopia with emphasis on identifying the policy gaps. This appraisal was based on survey report of Central Statistical Agency (CSA) for the period of 2011 to 2015. Data of CSA report was chosen for the current study with the view to gain an overview of policy packages in root crops in contrast with other...

Author(s): Semeredin Yimer and Tsegaye  Babege  

August 2018

Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics
Effects of marketing costs on gross margin: Evidence from guinea corn retailers in Wukari, Taraba State, Nigeria

This study assessed the effects of marketing costs on the gross margin of guinea corn retailers in Wukari, Taraba State, Nigeria. The main aim of the study is not to only obtain precise costs and margins estimates for the conventional marketing functions of guinea corn, but rather to make the result of the analyses usable to devise a policy framework for an effective marketing strategy and improvement in the efficiency...

Author(s): G. O. Onogwu, Osayi, Chinwe Prisca and K. I. Okeke-Agulu  

August 2018

Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics
Estimating pastoralists’ willingness to pay for artificial insemination in arid and semi-arid lands of Kenya

Effective promotion of artificial insemination (AI) by private providers in pastoral areas requires stakeholders’ opinion in shaping the direction of their adoption. A structured questionnaire was administered to 384 pastoralists in Kajiado and Narok counties, Kenya to elicit data on willingness to pay for AI services. Double bounded contingent valuation methodology was adapted in computing their willingness to...

Author(s): Dickson Nangabo Khainga, Gideon Obare and John Nyangena  

August 2018

Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics
Determinants of smallholder indigenous chicken farmers’ market participation decisions and value of sales in Gulu district

Indigenous chicken play an important role in the livelihoods of the rural poor in developing countries. They not only act as a source of nutrition but also supplement household incomes. Despite the tremendous market opportunities available for the farmers, there are still low levels of market participation for indigenous chicken farmers in Gulu district and other parts of Uganda. In light of this, a research study was...

Author(s): Irene L. Akidi , Stephen K. Wamala and Basil Mugonola  

August 2018

Journal of Economics and International Finance
The Importance of financial reporting to capital market development in Ghana

The finance literature suggest that investment decisions are largely influenced by the quality of corporate financial information released by firms in their financial statements, and that capital market participants use corporate financial information released by firms for investment decisions. Factors that influence the development of capital markets in developing markets include: appropriate legal and regulatory...

Author(s): Williams Abayaawien Atuilik and Hussein Salia  

August 2018

Journal of Economics and International Finance
Drivers of economic growth in Ethiopia: Does foreign aid and policy complementarity matter?

The main research question here is to address drivers of economic growth in Ethiopia using the time series data from 1970 to 2016 where the complementarity of aid and policy index is critically assessed. The empirical result from cointegration test confirms the existence of long run relationship among the variables entered in the per capita growth equation. In the long run, foreign aid inflow entered alone has a...

Author(s): Kitessa Delessa Terefe  

August 2018

International Journal of Water Resources and Environmental Engineering
The effect of variation of dimensions of solar reflectors on solar enhanced model pond

Waste water stabilization pond is a simple way of treating waste water but one of its limitations is that it requires large area of land to be efficient. This study employed the use of solar reflectors to improve the efficiency of waste water stabilization pond by investigating the effect of variation of solar reflectors on the physical, chemical and biological properties of the pond. To achieve this, three model ponds...

Author(s): Onuchukwu O. J. C., Agunwamba J. C. and Shimbayev M. A.  

August 2018

International Journal of Water Resources and Environmental Engineering
Quantifying the impact of integrated watershed management on groundwater availability in Gerduba watershed, Yabello district, Ethiopia

Integrated watershed management has a positive impact on groundwater balance. However, most parts of the study area particularly, Borana is the one which is suffering from severe rangeland degradation. Among others, heavy grazing, bush encroachment, gully expansion, topsoil fertility loss, sedimentation and less adequate water availability account for the greatest noticeable rangeland degradation phenomena. Due to...

Author(s): Demisachew Tadele and Mihret Dananto  

August 2018

International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation
Evaluation of socio-economic factors influencing exploitation of non-timber forest products in Tanzania

Non-Timber Forest Products (NTFPs) constitute an important source of livelihood for millions of people from forest fringe communities across the world. This study was conducted to identify main NTFPs used by local communities around Nyanganje Forest Reserve (NFR) which is within the Eastern Arc Mountains in Kilombero district, Tanzania. Furthermore, the study aimed at determining socio-economic factors influencing...

Author(s): Mhuji Kilonzo, Barakaeli Abdiel Ndossi, Dickson Mauki and Paulo Okumu Ochanga  

August 2018

International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation
Perception, attitude and impacts of local communities on Senkele Swayne’s Hartebeest Sanctuary, Ethiopia

This study aimed to investigate perception, attitude and impacts of local communities on Senkele Swayne’s Hartebeest Sanctuary. Questionnaire survey, focus group discussions, key informant interviews and observation were employed to collect data. A total of 196 households participated in the questionnaire survey. The findings revealed that the local communities of SSHS had unfavorable perceptions and attitude...

Author(s): Azmeraw Alemkere  

August 2018

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
Outlier based selection and accuracy updating of digital elevation models for urban area projects

Continuing degradation of urban environments of developing economies results from failure to make decisions based on scientific methods that employ accurate digital elevation models (DEM) in modelling environmental phenomena such as flooding and erosion. Data dumping and wastage occur if fresh DEM are required for every new project ignoring existing data. Every DEM to be used for modelling may be accepted as is, updated...

Author(s): Akajiaku C. Chukwuocha

August 2018

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
Management status and perception of post quarried sites in Ndarugu Kiambu, Kenya

In recent times, rapid changes in buildings and infrastructural development have increased demand for construction materials. Ndarugu quarries located about 35 km north of Nairobi CBD are among the main sources of building materials in Kenya. The visible evidence of stone mining are the post-quarried sites scarred along the Ndarugu ridge, which has altered the original land condition and continues to affect people who...

Author(s): Stephen Waringo Waweru, John Bosco Njoroge and Aggrey Ochieng Adimo

August 2018

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
Optimization of bio gas production from slaughterhouse wastes

This study focuses on the production of biogas from slaughter house waste to generate optimal methane yield which has high calorific value under optimum temperature, pH and substrate proportion (blood, manure and undigested food material). In this study, two different kinds of experiment were done. The first experiment was carried out to determine the pH, total solid, volatile solid and ash content of each type of waste...

Author(s): Genet Tsegaye, Birhanu Asefa and Solomon Kiros  

August 2018

Journal of Parasitology and Vector Biology
Prevalence of intestinal helminths among undergraduate students of Obafemi Awolowo University Ile Ife, Southwestern, Nigeria

A cross section study of the prevalence and knowledge of intestinal helminths was investigated among the newly admitted undergraduate students of Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile Ife, Osun State, Nigeria between April and June 2016. Faecal samples from 767 subjects comprising 406 males and 361 females were collected and processed using modified kato-katz method. Eggs of four helminths, Ascaris lumbricoides, Trichuris...

Author(s): Salawu Saheed Adekola, Ojo Olawale Mayowa and Awosolu Oluwaseun  Bunmi  

August 2018

International Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences
Diagnostic accuracy of ultrasound scans for the diagnosis of pelvic inflammatory disease keeping laboratory high vaginal swab/urine microscopy culture as gold standard in Anambra State, Nigeria

Ultrasound scanning (USS) and high vaginal swab culture and urine microscopy culture and sensitivity (m/c/s) tests are the most common investigations used for the diagnosis of pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) in our locality. The aim of this study was to determine the diagnostic accuracy of ultrasound in the diagnosis of PID keeping laboratory high vaginal swab/urine microscopy, culture as gold standard. The USS, high...

Author(s): Eze J. C., Ohagwu C. C., Ugwuanyi D. C., Chiegwu H. U. and Onyeugbo E.  

August 2018

International Journal of Nursing and Midwifery
Focused antenatal care: Re-appraisal of current practices

Focused antenatal care has been viewed to be a better option to the previously existing orthodox model of antenatal care. The orthodox antenatal care otherwise known as traditional model of antenatal care requires a number of routine and frequent visits by pregnant women to the healthcare facility. This traditional model of antenatal care has been observed to require numerous materials such as financial and human...

Author(s): T. Ebunoluwa Oshinyemi, J. Ojo Aluko and O. Abimbola Oluwatosin  

August 2018

Journal of Dentistry and Oral Hygiene
Comparative evaluation of short and long term in vitro antibacterial activity of white and gray mineral trioxide aggregate and calcium enriched mixture cement"

The aim of this study was to investigate and compare the short and long term antibacterial effects of white and gray mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) and calcium enriched mixture (CEM) on Streptococcus Sanguinis and Enterococcus faecalis which are commonly associated with endodontic infections. The test materials, including white MTA (WMTA), gray (GMTA), and CEM were manipulated strictly in accordance with the...

Author(s): H. Shahabinejad  

August 2018

Journal of Cereals and Oilseeds
Genotype × environment interaction and stability of oil content of sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) genotypes in Northern Ethiopia

The experiment, for oil content analysis, was conducted for two growing seasons under rain fed condition (2012-2013) in Humera and Dansha, and in a single year (2013 cropping season) in Sheraro (a total of five environments). The experiment, comprised of 13 sesame genotypes, laid out in randomized complete block design of three replications with the objective of determining the magnitude of Genotype × Environment...

Author(s): Fiseha Baraki and Gebrelibanos Gebremariam

August 2018

Journal of Stored Products and Postharvest Research
Aflatoxin B1 contamination in raw peanuts sold in Maputo City, Mozambique and associated factors

Peanut seeds (Arachis hypogaea L.) are consumed worldwide including Mozambique, due to good taste, high nutritional value and easy accessibility. When found in suitable conditions of humidity and high temperature, a fungus of the genus Aspergillus can contaminate peanuts and produce toxic secondary metabolites called "aflatoxins" (AFs) which are not destroyed by usual thermal processes, causing aflatoxicosis...

Author(s): Delfina Fernandes Hlashwayo  

August 2018

Journal of Agricultural Biotechnology and Sustainable Development
Popularization of Koekoek poultry breed for enhancing livelihood of poor households: A case of Southern Tigray, Ethiopia

Demonstration of Koekoek breed was conducted at Raya-Azebo and Enda-Mehoni Woredas with 10 poor households with the objective of increasing the productivity of poultry thereby improving livelihood of the resource poor farmers in Ethiopia. Koekoek breed had significantly (P<0.05) superior on number of eggs laid per clutch (26 egg/clutch) as compared to local breed (15 egg/clutch). Beside this, the Koekoek breed is...

Author(s): Temesgen Tesfay, Hagos Kidane, Tesfay Atsebha, Teshale Teklu, Solomon Wayu, Adehanom Baraki, Yekalo Teklay, Zebrhe Teklay, Haileselassie Amare and Zelealem Tesfay  

August 2018

Journal of Soil Science and Environmental Management
Farmer’s perception of soil and watershed degradation and the assessment of soil nutrients status under agroforestry systems in the Western Highlands of Cameroon: Case of Ako sub division

The objective of this study was to assess farmers’ perception regarding the activities which degrade the soil and watershed and to analyze soil nutrients status under different agroforestry systems. The aim of the study was to identify and promote locally-known agroforestry-based practices for soil and watershed conservation in the savannah highland area of Cameroon. Semi-structured questionnaires were...

Author(s): Njini Loveline Munjeb, Yerima Bernard Palmer Kfuban and Avana Tientcheu Marie Louise  

August 2018

Journal of Soil Science and Environmental Management
Characterization of soils under major land uses in Chencha District, South Ethiopia

Assessing land use induced changes in soil properties is essential for addressing the issues of land use planning and sustainable land productivity in highlands of Ethiopia. The surface and profile soil samples were collected from forest (FL) cultivated (CL) and grass/pasture lands (GL) in Doko Yoyira (DY), Aiezo Tula (AT) and Gendona Gembela (GG) in Chencha district, Gamo-Gofa zone in May 2014, which aims to assess...

Author(s): Wakshum Shiferaw Gemeda and Sharma Parshotam Datt  

August 2018

International Journal of Fisheries and Aquaculture
Seasonality in the photosynthetic productivity and biomass of phytoplankton in Lake Tinishu Abaya (Rift Valley, Ethiopia): The basis for fish production

The present study was undertaken to investigate the photosynthetic productivity and biomass of phytoplankton for Lake Tinishu Abaya to observe the potentiality of the lake water for fish production. The study was carried out from January to December 2016. For the analysis of various physicochemical parameters, water samples collection was taken from two predefined sampling stations (open-water and nearshore). Biomass of...

Author(s): Yirga Enawgaw and Brook Lemma  

August 2018

Journal of Petroleum Technology and Alternative Fuels
Effect of some citrus juice concentrates on crude oil emulsion

Crude oil emulsions constitute a major challenge in oil field operations. To resolve this challenge, many researchers have studied crude oil emulsion demulsification patterns in the presence of various demulsifiers. Research is ongoing for discovery of locally sourced biodegradable and inexpensive demulsifiers. The aim of this research is to demusify heavy crude oil emulsion, using locally sourced biodegradable citrus...

Author(s): Folashade Olatunbosun Oyedeji and Moses Callistus Nwode  

August 2018

African Journal of Mathematics and Computer Science Research
Multi parameter fuzzy soft set approach to decision making problem

In this paper, a new approach for decision making problem is introduced by extending the definition of fuzzy soft set for multiple parameter sets and is called extended fuzzy soft set. Also, few operations such as “AND” and “ ” are defined on extended fuzzy soft sets and illustrated with examples. Further an algorithm for decision making using the concept of extended fuzzy soft set is presented....

Author(s):

August 2018

International Journal of English and Literature
Investigating the negative impact of pragmatic transfer on the acquisition of English pragmatic as perceived by L2 Learners: A review

Pragmatics is a basic and vital part of dialect capacity all together for L2 learners to comprehend and be comprehended in their communications with native speakers (NSs). This study aims to identify pragmatics and pragmatic transfer, and to make an overview about the relation between pragmatic transfer and language acquisition. One of the main results that are demonstrated from this study is that there are several...

Author(s): Althawab Meznah  

August 2018

International NGO Journal
NGOs in Western Ukraine: Competencies for effective leadership

Effective governance and leadership in non-governmental organizations (NGOs) does not happen by chance. Research has demonstrated that needed skills, abilities and competencies can make a difference. Using a model of 6 competencies that has been validated previously, these competencies have been used for governance and leadership training in the United States, Canada and Europe. This article reports the results of a...

Author(s): Roger A. Ritvo, Kenneth Linna and Iryna Radiuk  

August 2018

Journal of African Studies and Development
Re-possessing Africa, new approaches to leadership, governance and democracy: Critical implications for public policy

Elsewhere in Africa, all you need to do is to compare the sterling nature of leadership thrown up on the continent by the decolonizing project in the last quarter of the last century with the current uninspiring miniaturists. There is no contemporary African leader who has seized the imagination of the continent, or who is showing a deep grasp of the crisis of colonial nations and underdevelopment on the continent...

Author(s): Danfulani Ahmed  

August 2018

Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development
Choices and implications of livelihood diversification strategies on smallholder farmers’ income in Saesietsaeda Emba District, Eastern Tigray Region of Ethiopia

Farmers’ life without livelihood diversification into off-farm and non-farm income activities becomes difficult due to unstable and meagre agricultural context of the study area. Farm income alone cannot feed the ever increasing population. Hence, livelihood diversification is a matter of life or death for majority of the households in the study district. The objectives of the study were to identify household...

Author(s): Gebrehiwot Weldegebrial Gebru, Hyacinth Ementa Ichoku and Philip Ogbonnia Phil-Eze  

August 2018

Journal of Cell and Animal Biology
Effects of Kelulut honey from Trigona sp. on zebrafish (Danio rerio) embryo that mimics human embryonic development

Kelulut honey (KH) is a type of honey with various pharmacological properties that can be found in Malaysia. Nevertheless, the safety aspects of this honey have not been adequately addressed. This study evaluated the developmental toxicity of KH from Trigona sp on zebrafish (Danio rerio) embryos. Viable zebrafish embryos at 3 hours post fertilization (hpf) (early stage) and 24 hpf (organ development stage) were treated...

Author(s): Mohd Noor Hidayat Adenan, Latifah Saiful Yazan, Annie Christianus, Nur Fariesha Md Hashim, Abdul Rahim Harun, Nur Hafizati Abdul Halim, Mohd Zulmadi Sani and Khairuddin Abdul Rahim  

August 2018

Journal of Geography and Regional Planning
Effect of youth engagement in vegetable farming on household well-being in Kakamega Town, Kenya

This paper focuses on the effect of youth engagement in vegetable production on household well-being in Kakamega Town, Kenya. Survey research design was used and data was collected from 159 urban youth farmers using structured questionnaires and interviews. It was observed that the vegetable farmers engaged more frequently in weed control, land preparation, harvesting and planting. There was significant association...

Author(s): Edwin A. B. Juma, Paul Omondi and Raphael W. Kareri

August 2018

Journal of Environmental Chemistry and Ecotoxicology
Heavy metal remediation from municipal waste water using arrowroots (Amaranta arundinacea)

Municipal wastewater contains high levels of pollutants since it is a collection of wastes from various sources of human activities. Municipal treatment of such wastewater is usually aimed at lowering the levels of pollutants to permissible amounts before discharge into recipient environment. Several conventional methods are available for treatment of wastewater. However, most of them are costly and not economically...

Author(s): Joan Mwiluka Tenge, John Kituyi Lusweti and Gideon Ng&#; wena Magak

August 2018

Journal of Petroleum and Gas Engineering
Experimental study and field application of surfactant-polymer flooding in offshore oilfield

Restricted by the short life of the oil development platform and its high investment, offshore oilfield needs higher oil recovery rate in the early developmental stage so as to recover its investment fast. Therefore, polymer flooding method carried out in medium water cut period was proposed. The production performance improved through the use of polymer flooding in Bohai H oilfield, but became worse when the polymer...

Author(s): Li Hongying, Wang Xinran, Liu Zongbin, Liu Dong and Liu Bin  

August 2018

Khartoum University Journal of Management Studies
Enhancing the accuracy of the historical simulation value-at-risk using exponentially weighted moving average (EWA) technique: A case of Khartoum stock exchange

Value-at-Risk (VaR) is a quantitative risk measure estimated either parametrically or non-parametrically. Historical simulation is a non-parametric approach that relies on historical data and this data span for a long period, which might encounter changes over time in the market circumstances (that is, volatility). The accuracy of the historical simulation VaR (HSVaR) increases as the volatility adjusted to the current...

Author(s): Abdaljbbar B. A. Dawod and Zakaryia M. S. Mohammad  

Page 6 of 1138, showing 50 records out of 56876 total, starting on record 251, ending on 300