Articles

 

Articles

Page 7 of 1221, showing 50 records out of 61021 total, starting on record 301, ending on 350

April 2021

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Bacteriological characteristics and resistance profiles of Vibrio cholerae O1 strains isolated in the Republic of Benin in 2020

This study aims to carry out a bacteriological characterization and determine the resistance profile of Vibrio cholerae O1 strains isolated during the epidemiological season of 2020 in Benin. To achieve this goal, 43 diarrheal stool samples were analyzed. The samples were taken during the epidemic period of 2020. Bacteriological analyses consisted of enrichment of the samples in buffered peptone water followed by...

Author(s): Yves Eric Denon, Désirée Metodakou, Mathieu Odoun, Alidehou Jerrold Agbankpe, Victorien Dougnon, Rolande Assogba, Pascaline Mevodjo, Germaine Whannou and Honoré Bankolé,

April 2021

African Journal of Food Science
Bio-based packaging used in food processing: A critical review

Food packaging plays an important role in ensuring the global quality of the food consumed by people. Technological progress has been achieved in recent years in the food packaging sector, leading to a great diversity of food packaging, including bio-based packaging. This review highlights the different types of biodegradable polymers that are used for food packaging production, their characteristics and effects on food...

Author(s): Romaric Ouétchéhou, Déley Sylvain Dabadé, Générose Vieira-Dalodé, Abadjayé Faouziath Sanoussi, Akouavi Balbine Fagla-Amoussou, Menouwesso Harold Hounhouigan, Djidjoho Joseph Hounhouigan and Paulin Azokpota

April 2021

African Journal of Food Science
Application of wedge fracture test for texture analysis in boiled sweetpotato (Ipomoea batatas)

Several instrumental texture analysis methods have been developed for use in sweetpotato. However, there are very few reports on the use of the wedge fracture test. The purpose of the study was to develop a texture analysis method using a wedge fracture and evaluate its performance against compression test in assessing sweetpotato varieties with different cooking times. The optimal cooking time (OCT) of five sweetpotato...

Author(s): Linly Banda, Mukani Moyo, Mariam Nakitto, Jolien Swanckaert, Arnold Onyango, Esther Magiri, Gordon McDougall, Laurence Ducreux, Mark Taylor and Tawanda Muzhingi,

April 2021

African Journal of Medical and Health Sciences
Birth injuries in newborn: A prospective study of deliveries in South-East Nigeria

Birth injury is an important cause of short and long-term deformity and disability in children. It is becoming an increasing source of litigation in developing countries. Exploring the magnitude of the problem in a resource-limited setting, and, identifying associated factors, will help reduce its occurrence. This surveillance for birth injuries is a 4-year prospective study conducted in the Enugu State University...

Author(s): Ekwochi Uchenna, Osuorah DI Chidiebere and Asinobi Isaac Nwabueze  

April 2021

African Journal of Food Science
Nutrient and mineral components of wild edible mushrooms from the Kilum-Ijim forest, Cameroon

Kilum-Ijim forest is a montane forest in the North West Region of Cameroon. Wild edible mushrooms are mostly consumed by the communities of Kilum-Ijim as substitute of meat to obtain protein, hence the need to evaluate the nutrient and mineral components of the species consumed in these communities. The most eight preferred wild mushroom species from ethnomycological studies are: Polyporus tenuiculus, Termitomyces...

Author(s): Ache Neh Teke, Manju Evelyn Bi, Lawrence Monah Ndam and Tonjock Rosemary Kinge

April 2021

African Journal of Medical and Health Sciences
Salivary gland tumours in the intraoral region: A retrospective study of cases treated in a teaching hospital in North-West Nigeria

Tumours of the minor salivary glands occurring in the oral cavity are uncommon. The oral cavity has many tiny salivary glands which occur in the lip, palate, floor of the mouth, cheeks, tongue and pharynx. Tumour could develop from any of these minor salivary glands. We conducted a retrospective study of twenty-four cases of these tumours treated in our Centre over a period of eleven years. The objective of this study...

Author(s): Omisakin Olatunde Oluleke, Ayuba Iko Godwin, Fomete Benjamin, Ogunsina Modupe and Sannom Yates  

April 2021

African Journal of Biotechnology
Isolation and characterization of a novel keratinolytic bacterial strain from soil samples of chicken feather keratinaceous-waste dumping sites of Ngaoundere (Cameroon)

This study aims at characterizing new chicken feather-degrading bacteria isolated from soils of keratinic waste collected from four dumping sites of Ngaoundere. Fifteen proteolytic bacteria were isolated with three (D1, D2 and F1) showing the capacity to degrade feather in Basal Salt Media. Highest degradation rate (71.11 ± 3.05%) of feather was obtained from isolate D2 from Municipal slaughterhouse. The partial...

Author(s): Sileu Dombou Armelle Leslie, Adjia Zangue Henriette, Nso Emmanuel Jong, Njintang Yanou Nicolas and Tatsadjieu Ngoune Leopold

April 2021

African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
Knowledge of hypertension and diabetes comorbid patients about their medication in a municipal hospital in Ghana

Patients with hypertension and diabetes co-morbidity may have medication knowledge and therapy challenges that could impact on patients’ outcomes. The study examines knowledge of medication and therapy among hypertension and Type-2- diabetes mellitus co-morbid patients at a Municipal hospital in Ghana. This study was conducted at the medical outpatient department (OPD) of the Municipal Hospital in Tema (a Harbour...

Author(s): Kwakye, A. O., Buabeng, K. O., Opare-Addo, N. A. M. and Owusu-Dabo, E.  

April 2021

Journal of Accounting and Taxation
The COVID-19 and earnings management: China’s evidence

This study investigated the relationship between the COVID-19 outbreak and the Chinese listed firms’ earnings management practices. It also examined how this relationship was moderated by the Chinese listed firms’ corporate social responsibility (CSR) and the external corporate governance mechanism. The data in this study were mainly retrieved from the China Stock Market and Accounting Research (CSMAR)...

Author(s): He Xiao and Jianqun Xi

April 2021

African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
Quality assessment of frequently available mother tinctures in the market by employing standard values

As general awareness for using herbal drugs in today’s health practice is increasing, the world is endorsing extraordinary increase in the consumption of herbal products. This increase in the demand has led to consumers’ dissatisfaction due to substandard products, making the herbal market risky. There is need to set standard that will help to evaluate herbal drugs to ensure formulation of high quality...

Author(s): Mahrukh Malik, Shahzad Hussain, Javeria Arshad Malik, Asia Adil, Sara Nazir and Muhammad Usman Gondal  

April 2021

Journal of Accounting and Taxation
Economy-wide impact of tax reform in Ethiopia: A recursive dynamic general equilibrium model

This paper examined the macroeconomic influence of tax reform on the Ethiopian economy using the Dynamic Computable General Equilibrium model. It utilized the updated 2009/2010 Ethiopian Social Accounting Matrix (SAM) from 2005/2006 developed by Ethiopian Development Research Institute (EDRI). To investigate the impact of tax reform on the Ethiopian economy, different simulations were made turn by turn. First, a...

Author(s): Takele Abdisa Nikus

April 2021

Journal of Accounting and Taxation
The influence of mental accounting, perceived trust and power of revenue authorities on tax compliance among SMEs in Zimbabwe

This study is done against a background of perennial negative variances between the projected and actual tax collections in Zimbabwe. Studies that look at the influence of mental accounting, perceived trust and power of tax authorities on tax compliance seem to be lacking in Africa. The target population comprise of self-employed tax payers because these currently comprise the highest form of employment among...

Author(s): Marcus Mutanga, Nokuthula Ncube, Eukael Nombuyiselo Mbuyisa and Prisca Magodhini

April 2021

Educational Research and Reviews
Empowerment of the school management team by secondary schools’ principals in Tshwane West District, South Africa

The South African education scene is characterised by principals who come from the apartheid era where they manage the school alone in an authoritarian manner. Old approaches to school management have changed because the society has also changed. There is a shift from top-down style of leadership to shared or distributed leadership which requires the empowerment of those in managerial positions in schools. The principal...

Author(s): Madimetsa Joseph Mosoge and Saltiel Khololo Collen Mataboge

April 2021

Educational Research and Reviews
Career aspirations and decision making self efficacy: Secondary School Students’assessment based on KCSE exams in Kenya

The purpose of the study was to determine career decision making self efficacy by assessing career aspirations and attainment in National examinations. The objectives of the study were to: Find out the students sources of career information, assess career aspirations, and to determine career decision making self efficacy. A descriptive survey research design was adopted for the study. The study population consisted of...

Author(s): Maureen Adhiambo Winga  

April 2021

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology
Environmental and behavioural factors associated with Mycobacterium ulcerans infection in the district of Lalo in Benin: A case-control study

The mode of transmission of Buruli ulcer (BU) is not yet well understood. This study aimed to identify risk factors for BU in the district of Lalo in Benin. This is a case-control study taking into account all cases of BU detected from 2013 to 2018 and treated at the Buruli’s ulcer Screening and Treatment Center (CDTUB) of Lalo. For each case, two controls were matched according to age and sex. Conditional...

Author(s): Anagonou Gimatal Esaï, Sopoh Ghislain Emmanuel, Biaou Chabi Alphonse, Barogui Yves Thierry, Wadagni Anita Carolle, Gnimavo Sètondji Ronald, Ayelo Gilbert Adjimon, Saka Kora Eric, Houezo Jean Gabin and Johnson Roch Christian,  

April 2021

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology
Prevalence of tobacco use and associated risk factors among pregnant women in Maracha District, Uganda

Globally, tobacco use has become the largest public health threat that kills around 7 million people annually, of which about 6 million deaths are due to direct tobacco use, and 890,000 are attributed to passive smoking. This study assessed  prevalence and associated risk factors of tobacco use among pregnant women, 15 to 49 years.  Health facility-based  analytical cross-sectional study was conducted...

Author(s): John Bosco Alege, Russall Okudra Jurua, and Judith Drazidio  

April 2021

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Seasonal impacts on antifungal activity and chemical composition of extracts from medicinal plants Turraea holstii and Clausena anisata

Curative dependence on season of harvest for medicinal plants is an alleged claim by traditional health practitioners. This study aimed to verify these claims by investigating antifungal activity and chemical profiles of two traditionally used medicinal plant species: Turraea holstii and Clausena anisata harvested in the rainy and dry seasons, with a view of establishing appropriate the season for optimal activity. The...

Author(s): Francis Machumi, Ester Innocent and Pius Yanda  

April 2021

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Anti-hyperglycemic effects of Stemonocoleus micranthus (Fabaceae) stem bark on alloxan-induced hyperglycemic rats

This study evaluated the anti-hyperglycemic potential of Stemonocoleus micranthus Harms. (Fabaceae) stem bark. Three models used in this study were: normoglycemic animal model, oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) and alloxan-induced hyperglycemic model for acute and prolonged administration. Five (5) groups of rats (n=5) were used for all models; group 1 served as the control (received 2 ml/kg of distilled water; p.o.),...

Author(s): Florence N. Mbaoji, Collins A. Onyeto, Okechukwu O. Ndu, Bonaventure C. Obi and Akachukwu M. Onwuka  

April 2021

International Journal of Peace and Development Studies
Human security and threats associated with the impacts of 2019 Hong Kong social unrest

Hong Kong has just experienced unprecedented social unrest that started in 2019. The unrest dragged the city into a chaotic situation that had not been seen in the last 50 years. Violence and crimes occurred across every corner of the territory, affecting every citizen’s livelihood. Several studies have been carried out, analyzing its social, economic, and political causes. However, most of them are limited to the...

Author(s): Bryan Tzu Wei LUK

April 2021

International Journal of Peace and Development Studies
Police officers’ perceptions about corruption in Zimbabwe: A case of police officers at a University

The study investigated police officers’ perceptions about corruption in Zimbabwe. The study was informed by Bourdieu’s theory of habitus. A case study design involving a self-administered questionnaire was used to collect data from sixty-four respondents sampled using a census method of sampling. Data was analysed using descriptive statistics and presented on tables and pie charts. The study revealed that...

Author(s): Tapfuiwa James Katsinde

April 2021

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Farmers’ awareness and ethno-veterinary practices regarding porcine cysticercosis in the province of Boulkiemde, Burkina Faso

Porcine cysticercosis is a major public health issue in Burkina Faso. This study investigated farmers’ awareness and ethno-veterinary practices regarding this disease in Boulkiemde province, Burkina Faso. A survey was done with 132 randomly selected pig farmers in 10 villages of two municipalities of Boulkiemde province, using a semi-structured questionnaire. The majority of interviewed farmers (54%) were from the...

Author(s): Laibané Dieudonné Dahourou, Almamy Konaté, Arnaud Stéphane Rayangnéwendé Tapsoba, Bénéwendé Aristide Kaboré, Adama Kabore, Hamidou Hamadou Tamboura and Amadou Traoré  

April 2021

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Antioxidant effect of Hymenaea courbaril L (Jatobá) sap on the healing of wounds on mice

The use of natural products with curative action is a common cultural practice in the Brazilian Amazon, but little explored scientifically. The effect of Hymenaea courbaril L sap extract and its contribution to wound healing in mice was evaluated. The antioxidant potential of the extract was studied using the radical 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrilhidrazil and 2,2'-azino-bis (3-ethyl benzothiazoline-6-sulfonic) acid radical,...

Author(s): Ruth Silva Lima da Costa, David Smangoszevski Martins, Laan Diego Carvalho Peixoto, Bárbara Janaína Paula da Silva, Larissa Barbosa Borges, Emerson Silva Lima,  Hector Henrique Ferreira Koolen, Dionatas Ulises de Oliveira Meneguetti,  Ana Flávia Marçal Pessoa and Romeu Paulo Martins Silva  

April 2021

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Antiurolithiatic activity of selected plants extracts against calcium oxalate crystals

The present study was designed to evaluate the antiurolithiatic activity of selected plants extracts (Achyranthes aspera, Lawsonia inermis, Ficus benghalensis, Raphnus sativus and Macrotyloma uniflorum). The methanol extract of selected plants was analysed for in-vitro antiurolithiatic activity using nucleation, aggregation and growth assay of calcium oxalate (CaOX) monohydrate crystals. The nucleation, aggregation and...

Author(s): Sushant Aryal, Puspa Kuwar and Chhitij Thapa  

April 2021

International Journal of Physical Sciences
Analysis of wind distribution and potential wind energy in Senegal with a focus on Basse Casamance

This work uses the Weibull distribution for assessing the wind potential in Senegal; a country located in West Africa. In this study, data from the ERA5 reanalysis and the Ziguinchor station were used to characterize the spatio-temporal variability of wind and its available power density at 10 m and 100 m of altitude. The results showed that the wind potential was stronger on the coast and the north-western part of the...

Author(s): Hamady N. Sabaly, Jules Basse, Ibrahima Diba, Alioune B. Sarr and Moctar Camara  

April 2021

International Journal of Physical Sciences
Evaluation of PV performance prediction model in tropical environment in Senegal

Many authors in the literature have worked on models for producing PV module performance, but the question of a climate-specific model is problematic. Some studies have shown more appropriate models for any PV module technology, while others have highlighted models that are more appropriate for a given climate. The aim of this work is to evaluate our model which is based on the I-V characteristic and their accuracy was...

Author(s): Issa Faye, Ababacar Ndiaye, Diouma Kobor and Moustapha Thiame  

April 2021

International Journal of Water Resources and Environmental Engineering
Potential of Moringa oleifera seeds and fuel wood ash as adsorbent of dye and organic matter in wastewater from batik producing enterprises

Treatment of effluents from batik producing enterprises to removal dyes and other impurities is inevitable as these enterprises are becoming ubiquitous in many cities in Tanzania. Wastewater from batik production processes are discharged haphazardly without treatment. In this study, preliminary results on adsorption potential of defatted Moringa oleifera crude seed extract (DMOCSE) and fuel wood ash (FWA) for dye and...

Author(s): Nancy Jotham Marobhe, Fredrick Salukele and Shadrack Mwita Sabai

April 2021

International Journal of Water Resources and Environmental Engineering
Influence of a quasi-delegated management framework on sustainable distribution of quality drinking water in Umoja Innercore Estate, Nairobi

Managing drinking water in its distribution pathways is one of the main indicators of the quality of service provided to the consumer. Its quality management is important since human health and livelihoods depend on adequate, clean, reliable water supplies. Unfortunately, this is not true to many neighborhoods in developing countries and the quality of water distributed in Umoja Innercore is no exemption. This research...

Author(s): Nyakundi Victor, Munala Gerryshom, Makworo Micah, Shikuku James and Ali Muhammad

April 2021

Journal of Geography and Regional Planning
Analysis of the effects of climate variability on maize yields in Tano North District, Ahafo Region, Ghana

This study focuses on the effects of climate variability on maize yields in Tano North District for a 20-year period spanning 1995 to 2015. The Department for International Development model, the “Livelihood Sustainable Framework” was used to drive the tenets of the study which was informed by the Action Theory of Adaptation. Three farming communities namely; Duayaw Nkwanta, Yamfo and Tanoso were purposively...

Author(s): Ebenezer Oppong Amankwa and Daniel Buor

April 2021

Journal of Engineering and Computer Innovations
Transition of soil-moisture estimation theory to practical application

Technology transition is an essential activity of engineering that bridges the gap between theory and reality. Computer engineering, for instance, takes the infinite accuracy of pure mathematics and applies it to practical situations. For precision irrigation and the calculation of ETc (estimated crop water use), we have the physics and mathematics expressed in the UN’s excellent documentation. A previous paper by...

Author(s): Peter George Raeth  

April 2021

African Journal of Business Management
Tackling poverty in era of Covid-19 pandemic: The contributory pension option

In December 2019, news broke out that a novel coronavirus has hit the city of Wuhan, China. It was reported that the SARS-CoV2 virus is responsible for the Covid-19 pandemic. The coronavirus pandemic has impacted severely on the country. As expected, the pandemic has worsened the fate of the poor and most vulnerable households in Nigeria. To cushion the impact, the federal government of Nigeria (FGN) has instituted...

Author(s): Onwuka Ifeanyi Onuka

April 2021

Educational Research and Reviews
Evaluation of asynchronous piano education and training in the Covid-19 era

The aim of this study is to examine the success of music students in asynchronous piano education during the distance learning process in the spring semester of the 2019/2020 academic year in the Covid-19 outbreak. Participants of the study consisted of 34 students studying at Giresun University, 37 students studying at Nigde Ömer Halisdemir University and 32 students studying at Kirikkale University. Various...

Author(s): Izzet Yücetoker, Çigdem Eda ANGI and Tugçe KAYNAK  

April 2021

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Effect of planting density on yield and yield components of lettuce (Lactuca sativa L.) at two agro-ecologies of Ethiopia

Use of optimum plant spacing (planting density) is one of the important agronomic practices to maximize the productivity of lettuce. A field experiment was conducted to assess the responses of two lettuce varieties to different plant spacing at Debrezeit and Holeta Agricultural Research Centers representing two different agro-ecologies in Ethiopia. Nine treatment combinations of three levels of inter-row and three...

Author(s): Fekadu Gebretensay Mengistu, Getachew Tabor, Zebenay Dagne, Gizachew Atinafu and Fasil Tadesse Tewolde  

April 2021

African Journal of Agricultural Research
A comparative analysis of agrochemical use among agroforestry and non-agroforestry practicing farmers in South west Cameroon: The examples of insecticides, fungicides and herbicides

The abusive use of toxic agricultural chemicals (insecticides, fungicides and herbicides in particular) by farmers has attracted a lot of attention from environmentalists, scientists and policy makers.  The use of these toxic agricultural chemicals not only contributes to environmental deterioration but equally poses major health risks to farmers and the general public. It is therefore incumbent on policy makers to...

Author(s): Azembouh Roshinus Tsufac, Nyong Princely Awazi and Bernard Palmer Kfuban Yerima  

April 2021

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Demographic profiling and characterization of cattle and cattle farmers in Botswana

Most published data on Botswana’s cattle population neither represent demographics of cattle and cattle ownership nor capture political and gender factors that affect cattle farming. Decline in cattle population has largely been attributed to unthrifty climatic conditions of the predominantly semi-arid desert terrain of the nation. This demographic and characterization study estimated cattle population, its spread...

Author(s): Goodhead Okechukwu Uchendu, Njoku Ola Ama, Andrew Olatunbosun Aganga and Othusitse, Rick Madibela  

April 2021

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Evaluation of phenotypic and biochemical responses of Pteris vittata during growth in arsenic contaminated soil and its effect on selected soil enzymes activity

Experiments were conducted with arsenic-hyperaccumulator, Pteris vittata, and non-hyperaccumulator, Pteris ensiformis, subjected to various arsenic toxicity levels (0 to 1500 mg As kg-1) in peat-moss or soil for up to 14 weeks, to evaluate phenotypic responses and total lipid with fatty acid profiles, and P. vittata influence on rhizosphere enzyme activities. P. ensiformis exhibited significant phenotypic toxicity...

Author(s): Osagie Idehen, Marceline Egnin, Ramble Ankumah and Raymon Shange  

April 2021

African Journal of Food Science
Marketing potential of improved dried sardine (Sardinella gibossa) and capelin (Mallotus villosus) in the Southern Kenyan coast

Traditional dried small fish are an important source of protein for low income people in many developing countries. The aim of this study was to determine marketing potential of improved dried sardine and capelin as new products in markets accustomed to traditional dried small fish. One hundred and twenty participants were recruited among shoppers at supermarkets and open-air markets in Kenya. Each participant received...

Author(s): Odoli Ogombe Cyprian, Kolbrun Sveinsdottir, Peter Michael Oduor-Odote and Sigurjon Arason,

April 2021

International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation
Invertebrate fauna associated with the cultivation of Vernonia calvoana calvoana (Asteraceae) in Yaoundé (Center-Cameroon)

Vernonia calvoana is a culture spread across the world and prized for its culinary and medicinal virtues. The data was collected in Yaoundé, Central Cameroon region through manual harvesting at two stations from 2017 to 2019. A total of 168 species or morphospecies belonging to 47 families and 12 orders from two phyla were collected. The most abundant phylum was Arthropoda which represented 99.96% of the total...

Author(s): EBANGUE TITTI Oscar Giovanni William, MONY Ruth and NOLA Moïse

April 2021

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology
Knowledge and adherence to social distancing guidelines in Nigeria during the COVID-19 pandemic

Social distancing refers to actions or steps taken by an individual or groups of individuals with the main purpose of reducing physical and social interaction to curb the spread of infectious disease. This study sought to determine Nigerians’ knowledge of social distancing and why most people do not adhere to the guidelines amid the COVID-19 pandemic. A non-probability sampling method was used for this study; data...

Author(s): Ebidor U. Lawani-Luwaji, Pere-ere F. T. Victor and Dorcas B. Esene  

April 2021

Journal of Philosophy and Culture
Safuu: The indigenous Oromo moral thought

Human beings have diligently attempted to answer the question of “how one ought to live” since their existence as a social being. Every society and every individual has attempted to answer the question in accordance with their own particular problem and social structures. Different attempts have been made, and different moral systems have been developed by Western philosophers, among which consequentialism...

Author(s): Dasta Alamayo

April 2021

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology
Awareness of sleeping sickness by the populations of the Bipindi historic focus: Lessons for ownership and sustainability of control interventions

Socio-economic and socio-demographic factors have been considered as critical in disease epidemiology and need to be taken into consideration when designing health interventions. It is therefore strongly recommended to investigate population ownership to ensure sustainability of a given intervention. To this end, a household-based cross sectional survey was conducted to assess knowledge and perceptions regarding...

Author(s): Guy R Njitchouang, André Domche, Laurentine Sumo, Jeanne C Sondi-Dissake, Cédric G. Lenou-Nanga , Alphonse Acho and Hugues C. Nana-Djeunga,  

April 2021

Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science
Identification of best maize-legume based cropping systems under conservation agriculture practices for Central Rift Valley of Ethiopia

Cereal crops especially maize production in Ethiopian Central Rift Valley is affected by biotic and abiotic production. This study was conducted for two seasons (2015-2016) and the best cropping system was identified using Randomized Complete Block Design with three replications. The experiment had six treatments (1) Continuous mono-cropping under conventional practice (CN), (2) continuous mono cropping under...

Author(s): Goshime Muluneh Mekasha, Walter Tamuka Mupangwa, Solomon Admassu Seyoum, Alemayehu Zemede Lemma, Haimanot Beruk Senbeta, Mesele Haile Onu and Mamud Aman Tello  

April 2021

Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science
Canadian plant breeder opinions regarding changes to plant breeders’ rights

In 1991, Canada became a member of the International Union for the Protection of New Plant Varieties (UPOV). To further incentivize plant breeding research and development, Canada updated its plant breeders’ rights framework in 2015 to become compliant with UPOV-91 (the latest Act of the Treaty). This article reports the results of a survey assessing the impacts of UPOV-91 on Canadian plant breeders, and their...

Author(s): Chelsea Sutherland, Diego Macall and Stuart Smyth  

April 2021

Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science
Reproduction mode and apospory expressivity of selected hybrids of Paspalum notatum Flügge

Paspalum notatum Flüggé (bahiagrass) is the most important forage grass in the native grasslands of southern Brazil; the native germplasm is tetraploid and apomictic. Breeding to produce cultivars has been possible due to chromosome doubling of sexual diploid accessions, allowing hybridizations with apomictic genotypes, generating progenies with variability for agronomic traits and segregating for...

Author(s): Juliana Medianeira Machado, Karine Cristina Krycki, Roberto Luis Weiler, Carine Simioni and Miguel Dall´Agnol  

April 2021

African Journal of Biotechnology
Investigation of the anti-bacterial properties of mangrove fern, Acrostichum aureum in the Niger Delta, Nigeria

Mangroves render several ecosystem services globally, one of which is pharmacological products. This study was done to verify whether Acrostichum aureum, a species of mangrove, common in the Niger Delta has anti-bacterial property. Several leaf samples were plucked from the trees at Eagle Island and placed in a cooler and sent to the lab for further analysis. The leaves were dried and ground into fine powder with manual...

Author(s): Aroloye O. Numbere and Eberechukwu M. Maduike

April 2021

African Journal of Political Science and International Relations
Electoral institutions and management of elections in Nigeria and Ghana: A comparative assessment

Since the arrival of new democratic train in West Africa, elections have been characterized with naked violence and irregularities which have negatively manifested in economic underdevelopment and political instability. To this end, understanding the dominant nature and character of the electoral management bodies of Nigeria and Ghana to identify a body that is substantially functioning well is central to this paper....

Author(s): Lukman Olalekan Aliyu and Abdulrauf Ambali

April 2021

African Journal of Business Management
A review of the Management Science theory and its application in contemporary businesses

The Management Science theory is one of the theories of management that attributes management effectiveness to the application of scientific methods. It goes a step beyond the famous scientific management theory by applying operations research tools and techniques to solving practical problems. Its origin can be traced to the Second World War in Britain. Its method of expressing business factors in form of variables...

Author(s): Japhet Imhanzenobe  

April 2021

Educational Research and Reviews
The effect of corona virus related anxiety of students at faculty of sports science on their physical activity levels

This study aimed to examine the effect of Covid-19 anxiety on physical activity levels of the Faculty of Sports Sciences students. The information was obtained from 233 students of the Faculty of Sport Sciences. As a result of the reliability analysis of the scales, the Cronbach's Alpha value of the coronavirus anxiety scale in athletes was found to be 93; Cronbach's Alpha value of the cognitive behavioral...

Author(s): Alper Kartal

April 2021

Educational Research and Reviews
Dyslexia in higher education

The number of students with learning disabilities in post-secondary institutions has grown substantially, and those with dyslexia compile the largest subgroup. This study explores the utility conceptualization of dyslexia by analyzing the subjective experiences of 30 students from two 2-year institutions. Interviews confirmed that these students exhibited dyslexic traits, and the study findings indicated that they used...

Author(s): Gregory Richardson  

April 2021

International Journal of Sociology and Anthropology
Postpartum consultation attendance at the maternity ward in Sokoura, Côte d’Ivoire

This study investigates why postpartum women cannot or will not receive postpartum consultations at the maternity ward in Sokoura, Côte d’Ivoire. It aims to present the sociocultural, economic, infrastructural and organisational factors limiting new mothers’ access to postpartum care and to suggest ways to encourage them to seek out such care. A qualitative approach was adopted and data was collected...

Author(s): Adou Serge Judicaël Anoua, Akissi Bernadette Kouadio, Kouamé Frédéric Signo and Yao Vincent Dibi

April 2021

Journal of Hospitality Management and Tourism
Practices and challenges of visitor management implementation for sustainable tourism development in Fasil Ghebbi, Ethiopia

Visitor management is a practical tool for promoting sustainable tourism development through regulating visitor activities to minimize negative impacts on the site. The main purpose of this study was to investigate visitor management as a tool for sustainable tourism development in Fasil Ghebbi, Ethiopia. The study employed descriptive design in line with mixed research approach. Consequently, 246 international and...

Author(s): Alubel Workie Eyassu, Geetachew Melesse Asefa and Asnakew Atlug

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