Articles

 

Articles

Page 7 of 1155, showing 50 records out of 57748 total, starting on record 301, ending on 350

February 2019

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Maize-lupine intercrop response to applied nitrogen and phosphorus in North-Western Ethiopia

Maize (Zea mays) is a major staple crop in North-Western Ethiopia. Narrow leaf lupine (Lupinus angustifolius) grain is a commercial concentrates for livestock feed. Maize-lupine intercropping is a sustainable and emerging crop production approach for the resource poor smallholder farmers of North-Western Ethiopia; however, there is no recommended fertilizer rate for the intercrop. Therefore, field experiment was...

Author(s): Alemayehu Assefa, Charles S Wortmann, Yigzaw Dessalegn, Kinde Tesfaye, Tamado Tana and Nigussie Dechassa  

February 2019

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Growth of parica seedlings (Schizolobium amazonicum Huber ex Ducke) cultivated in different organic substrates

The forest plantations depends on appropriate initial seedling establishment, which occurs when primary factors (water, light, CO2 and nutrients) are within appropriate ranges. The purpose this study was to evaluate the growth of young parica plants (Schizolobium amazonicum Huber ex Ducke) grown in different organic substrates (chicken manure, goat manure and organic matter) in proportions of 5, 10, 15 and 20% in yellow...

Author(s): Sabrina Silva de Oliveira, Gleisson de Oliveira Nascimento, Diego Pereira de Souza, Luan de Oliveira Nascimento, Samara da Silva Oliveira, José Francisco de Carvalho Gonçalves, Josimar Batista Ferreira and Eliane de Oliveira

February 2019

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Virulence and characterization of isolates of potato bacterial wilt caused by Ralstonia solanacearum (Smith) in Rwanda

Bacterial wilt (Ralstonia solanacearum) is one of the major potato diseases in Rwanda. An in vitro study was carried out to identify and characterize the pathogen isolated from three potato cultivars (Kinigi, Kirundo and Gikungu) in Rwanda. This was achieved by cultural and morphological tests on triphenyl tetrazolium chloride (TTC) and casamino peptone glucose (CPG) agar as well as biochemical tests through Gram...

Author(s): M. C. Mutimawurugo, I. N. Wagara, J. B. Muhinyuza and J. O. Ogweno  

February 2019

African Journal of Agricultural Research
An assessment of adaptation options enhancing smallholder farmers’ resilience to climate variability and change: Case of Mbengwi Central Sub-Division, North-West Region of Cameroon

Farmers’ implementation of suitable adaptation measures in the face of climate variability and change (CVC) depends first and foremost on their ability to perceive CVC. This paper analyzes the adaptation measures implemented by smallholder farmers (SHFs) in Mbengwi Central Sub-Division, North-West Region of Cameroon in the face of CVC as well as the determinants of smallholder farmers’ choice of adaptation...

Author(s): Nyong Princely Awazi, Martin Ngankam Tchamba and Fritz Oben Tabi  

February 2019

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Comparison of bioslurry to common nitrogen sources on potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) yield and yield components in andisols and oxisols of Northern Rwanda

This study evaluated the effect of bioslurry from on-farm biogas production units and other sources of nitrogen fertilizer on Irish potato yield and yield components in northern Rwanda. To achieve this, an on-farm experiment was undertaken in the Andisols of Musanze District and the Oxisols of Gicumbi District in 2012. Three farms were selected to host the study in each District. Six treatments were randomly tested in...

Author(s): Karemangingo Charles, Aloys Fashaho and Judith Uwihirwe

February 2019

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Biomass accumulation and potassium concentrations in tissue of Teff (Eragrostis tef Zucc. Trotter) at three growth stages in Vertisols and Nitisols of the Central Highlands of Ethiopia

Understanding the physiology and time-course of above ground biomass (AGBM) and potassium (K) accumulation pattern in plants and removal from soil is essential to simultaneously increase crop yield and synchronize K demand and K supply, thereby predict crop yield. It is also an essential criterion for optimizing fertilizer practices, and may help to enhance soil and crop quality. A pot experiment was conducted using...

Author(s): Mulugeta Demiss, Sheleme Beyene and Selamyihun Kidanu  

February 2019

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Isotopic signature of the relation between environment and the quality of spatial coffee

The intrinsic quality of the Bourbon cultivar is well known for a high level of sweetness, intense aroma and pleasant acidity. With the evident relationship between product quality and the environment in mind, the need arises for scientific studies to provide a foundation for discrimination of product origin. Given this context, the aim of this study was to evaluate the use of stable isotopes in discrimination of...

Author(s): Barbosa J. N., Borem F. M., Alves H. M. R,  Cirillo M. A and Hanson C.  M. F. M. da S  

February 2019

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Osmotic stress in Chenopodium quinoa Willd.: Variations in osmoprotectants at different phenological stages

Chenopodium quinoa Willd. is an edible crop plant adapted to the climatic conditions of the South American Andes, where it thrives under extreme environmental conditions such as saline soils, drought, high UV radiation and broad temperature fluctuations. The prolonged exposure of this crop to high salinity and low relative humidity has promoted the development of efficient mechanisms to retain water within the...

Author(s): José Delatorre-Herrera, Javier Rojas-Urrutia, Leonel E. Rojo and Brittany L. Graf  

February 2019

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Different dry matters content used for the conservation of annual ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum Lam.) in anaerobic environment

Annual ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum Lam.) is widely used for feeding ruminants, and the conservation of this material as haylage can be an alternative to farms. The aim of this work is to study the nutritional and microbiological value of annual ryegrass (L. multiflorum Lam.) pre-dried and stored with different dry matter contents (250, 350, 450, 550, 650 and 750 g kg-1) in anaerobic environment. The experimental design...

Author(s): Taiani Ourique Gayer, Neliton Flores Kasper, Leonardo Ereno Tadielo, Rodrigo Holz Krolow, Eduardo Bohrer de Azevedo, Ricardo Pedroso Oaigen and Deise Dalazen Castagnara  

February 2019

African Journal of Biotechnology
Antioxidant, cytotoxic, and antidiabetic activities of Dendropanax morbifera extract for production of health-oriented food materials

Antioxidant, cytotoxic and anti-diabetic effects of fermented and non-fermented Dendropanax morbifera extracts were compared to assess the potential utility of this species in the development of health-oriented food. The non-fermented extract (NFDE) was obtained from leaves and branches of D. morbifera and the fermented extract (FDE) was prepared by inoculation with Lactobacillus plantarum and Lactobacillus brevis after...

Author(s): KiBeom Lee and Andy Kim  

February 2019

African Journal of Biotechnology
Enhancement of saponin accumulation in adventitious root culture of Javanese ginseng (Talinum paniculatum Gaertn.) through methyl jasmonate and salicylic acid elicitation

Javanese ginseng (Talinum paniculatum) is an herb and one of the traditional medicinal plants in Indonesia which accumulate saponin in the root organ. However, slow root growth hampers the accumulation of the compound in this plant. Therefore, in vitro culture of adventitious roots offers an alternative way to increase the production of saponin. Furthermore, this study was performed to investigate the effect of methyl...

Author(s): Ahmad Faizal and Anggita Veningtia Sari  

January 2019

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
Biodegradation of pyrene by a mixed culture isolated from hydrocarbon-polluted soil

This paper presents the biodegradation of pyrene (C16H10), a four-benzene-ring polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAHs) using a mixed culture of bacteria. The mixed culture was enriched from hydrocarbon-polluted soil sample, using a plate incubated with a thin film of pyrene. The isolates were identified biochemically as Bacillus cereus and Enterobacter aerogenes. The mixed culture bacteria degraded approximately 90% of...

Author(s): Baba Shehu Umar Ibn Abubakar, Norhafizah Abdullah, Azni Idris, Mohamad Pauzi Zakaria and Mohd Yunus Shokur  

January 2019

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
An assessment of total petroleum hydrocarbon and trace metal concentration in the sediments of Ugbo water way, South western Nigeria

Sediment samples from Ugbo water way, South Western Nigeria were assessed for total petroleum hydrocarbon (TPH) and trace metal concentrations. Seven sampling stations were selected and one control station. Total petroleum hydrocarbon (TPH) in the sediment samples was determined using Gas Chromatography-Flame Ionisation Detector (GC-FID) while trace metal concentrations were determined with Atomic Absorption...

Author(s): Ashiru O. R., and Ogundare M. O.,  

January 2019

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
Sustainability of Chiredzi town water supply and wastewater management in Zimbabwe

Urban water supply and sewage coverage in Zimbabwe is currently estimated at 78 and 73%, respectively with unserved population relying on boreholes and pit latrines. However, no study has been conducted to assess how small towns, such as Chiredzi, are sustaining their systems despite limited funding from the Government. A study was carried out to assess the sustainability of Chiredzi town water supply and wastewater...

Author(s): F. Homerai, A. W. Mayo and Z. Hoko  

January 2019

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
Exploratory study of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon (PAH) contributions to household air pollution arising from improved cookstove use in rural Malawi

Around three million premature deaths annually are ascribed to household air pollution (HAP) arising from inefficient burning of biomass and emissions of products of incomplete combustion. The developing-world response has been widespread adoption of improved cookstove (ICS) technologies. This exploratory study evaluates variation in polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) attached to inhalable particulate matter (PM) in...

Author(s): Kondwani R. Chidziwisano, Michael O. Rivett, Amornphat Tadsanaprasittipol, Laura A. McGregor, and Robert M. Kalin  

January 2019

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
Understanding nexuses between precipitation changes and climate change and variability in semi-arid lowlands of Mwanga District, Tanzania

Contextually, precipitation fluctuated due to climate variability and evolved due to emissions of anthropogenic greenhouse gases and land-use changes since the industrial revolution in the 1880s. However, some studies problematize that there is little understanding of nexuses between precipitation changes and climate change and variability in tropical Africa. Therefore, this paper sought to assess such linkages in...

Author(s): Bagambilana Francis Rweyemamu and Rugumamu William Mulokozi  

January 2019

Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science
Development and screening of cowpea recombinant inbred lines for seedling drought tolerance

The use of multiple traits for drought study affirms the complexity of drought tolerance in cowpea. Despite the availability of several traits for drought tolerance evaluation, the rapid screening technique used by many scientists for seedling drought in wooden boxes is the simplest method for screening large populations. The objective of this study was to select drought tolerant cowpea recombinant lines developed from...

Author(s): Alidu M. S., Asante I. K., Tongoona P., Ofori K., Danquah A. and   Padi F. K.  

January 2019

Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science
Evaluation of the parental and hybrid lines- Heterosis and other genetic parameters among Capsicum annuum genotypes and their hybrids

In most parts of the world pepper has become a popular spice that makes food hot in addition to its much needed nutrients of carotenoids and vitamins. This report has its objective to evaluate the parents and hybrid of three Nigerian pepper genotypes (Shombo, Tatase and Nsukka yellow pepper) for growth and yield; and to estimate their genetic parameters. Conventional breeding by hand pollination was adopted. The mean...

Author(s): Abu Ngozi E., Udoh O. E. and Uguru M. I.  

January 2019

Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science
Genetic action and potence ratio of maize in an 8×8 diallel cross growing under saline condition

Twenty-eight hybrids of Zea mays L. produced in 2015-16 from 8×8 half diallel mating design were evaluated along with their parents in 2016-2017 under saline condition to find out genetic action and potency ratio of some agronomic and yield contributing traits. Genetic action and potency ratio were analyzed following Hayman’s diallel analyses and Smith’s formula, respectively. Genetic parameter like...

Author(s): M.M. Rohman, S. H. Omy, S. Begum, M. A. Rahman, M. G. Hossain, M. M. Hoque and M. Amiruzzaman

January 2019

Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science
Anther-derived callus induction based on culture medium, myo-inositol, AgNO3 and Fe-EDTA in ‘Seolhyang’ strawberries

Haploid breeding is an effective method of shortening the breeding period of plants. In this study, to develop a haploid breeding technique, optimum conditions of the culture medium were investigated for anther-derived callus induction in the strawberry cultivar Seolhyang. The effects of the culture medium type, myo-inositol, auxin and cytokinin combination treatment, silver nitrate (AgNO3), and ferric...

Author(s): Haeyoung Na, Bong Seong Kim and Jungbeom Kim  

January 2019

International Journal of Livestock Production
The effect of physical feed restriction during the starter period on broilers’ performance

An experiment was conducted in a completely randomized design to study the effect of physical feed restriction on broilers’ performance during the starter period. Two hundred and forty one-day-old unsexed (Hubbard) broiler chicks were randomly distributed in six treatments; there were five replicates with eight chicks per a replicate. Treatment A:  fed ad libitum (control). Restricted groups were restricted...

Author(s): Somaia Mohamed Alkhair  

January 2019

International Journal of Livestock Production
Determination of body weight from morphometric characteristics of guinea pigs (Cavia porcellus) reared in southern Benin

In animal production, body weight is an important parameter for management, health and marketing decisions. This study is undertaken to determine the relationships between body weight and linear body measurements of guinea pigs. 120 guinea pigs (60 males and 60 females) were used. Body weight (BW), head-body length (HBL), chest circumference (CC), head circumference (HC), neck circumference (NC), left hind foot length...

Author(s): Abossèdé Murielle Lucrèce Faïhun, Alex Gbêliho Zoffoun, Vidjinnangni Fifame Grâce Nadège Dedehou, and Mahulé Sylvie Hounzangbe-Adote  

January 2019

Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics
Analysis of livelihood diversification practice to promote rural households’ food security: The case of Hawassa Zuria District of Sidama Zone, Ethiopia

The livelihood diversification increases sources of income and smoothens consumption by promoting rural food security. In Ethiopia little attention has been given to livelihood diversification and the numerous factors that determine the abilities of rural household‘s choice of different livelihood activities. Thus, the objective of this study is to generate location specific data regarding the livelihood...

Author(s): Bealu Tukela  

January 2019

Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics
Poverty analysis of cassava farming households in Osun State

The study examined the poverty status as well as analysed the factors affecting poverty profile of cassava farming households in Osun State. Primary data were obtained from 180 cassava farmers by multistage random sampling with the aid of well-structured questionnaire and interview schedule. The data were analysed using descriptive statistics, Foster-Greer Thorbecke index and Tobit regression model. The results of...

Author(s): Agunbiade M. O. and Oke J. T. O.  

January 2019

Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics
Determinants of agricultural technology adoption: Farm household’s evidence from Niger

This paper investigates the determinants of agricultural technology adoption decisions taken by Nigerian farm households such as improved seeds, inorganic fertilizers and plant protection products. We use the multinomial probit model on cross-sectional data of 1395 farm households that are representative of farm household in Niger. According to the type of agricultural technology, the results showed that agricultural...

Author(s): Ousmane DJIBO and Nafiou MALAM MAMAN

January 2019

International Journal of Livestock Production
Prevalence of bovine mastitis, risk factors, isolation and anti-bio gram of major pathogens in Mid Rift valley, Ethiopia

Cross-sectional study design was implemented in Alage dairy farm to determine the overall prevalence of mastitis, its causative agents, susceptibility patterns and risk factors associated with it. A total of 111 milking dairy cows and 444 quarters were examined. Overall prevalence of mastitis at cow and quarter levels were 73 and 37%, respectively. Coagulase negative staphylococci (CNS) (37.7%) followed by...

Author(s): Melesse Etifu and Minyahil Tilahun  

January 2019

International Journal of Livestock Production
Productive and reproductive performance of indigenous chickens in Gena Bossa District of Dawro Zone, Ethiopia

This study was conducted in Gena Bossa district with the objective of assessing the productive and reproductive performance of indigenous chickens. Multistage stratified purposive and random sampling methods were used and a total of 138 households were interviewed in the study area. Fifteen, fifty four and sixty nine farmers selected for interviews from highland, midland and lowland agro-ecologies, respectively. From...

Author(s): Matawork Milkias, Meseret Molla and Samuel Tilahun  

January 2019

International Journal of Educational Administration and Policy Studies
Determining the effect of reducing procrastination tendency on the academic achievement in physics course

In this research, the effect of reducing procrastination tendency on the academic achievement of pre-service science teachers in the physics course was investigated. In this, a quasi-experimental research design was used, which included the experimental and control groups. Each group consisted of 35 pre-service science teachers. Both groups were taught a physics course at the undergraduate level by the same lecturer....

Author(s): Naki Erdemir  

January 2019

Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health
Prevalence and intensity of gastrointestinal nematodes infection in sheep and goats in semi-intensively managed farm, South Ethiopia

Author(s): Bekalu Kuma, Rahmeto Abebe, Berhanu Mekbib, Desie Sheferaw and Mesele Abera  

January 2019

Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health
The neglected welfare statue of working donkeys in Ethiopia: The case of Dale district in Southern Ethiopia

A cross sectional study was conducted on A total of 246 working donkeys from October 2015 to May 2016 with the objectives of assessing the welfare problem and harness related wound in dale district of Sidama Zone. The data were collected using direct (animal-based, using the hand tool) and indirect (owners resource-based, through questionnaire survey) methods. Indirect data was collected on the working management of...

Author(s): Bereket Molla Tanga and Addis Kassahun Gebremeskel  

January 2019

International Journal of Fisheries and Aquaculture
Assessment of stomach contents of Oreochromis niloticus from the Lagos Lagoon, Nigeria

Fish sustainability in an aquatic environment involves continuous and judicious management towards optimum production of resources, for rational utilization and availability for future generation. Stomach composition of Oreochromis niloticus collected from a tropical brackish water environment was investigated to assess food availability towards optimum fish productivity for rational public utilization. Oreochromis...

Author(s): Abidemi-Iromini, A. O.  

January 2019

International Journal of Fisheries and Aquaculture
Assessment of the fishery, challenges and opportunities of Denbi reservoir in Bench Maji Zone, South Western part of Ethiopia

The study was conducted to assess the fishery, challenges and opportunities in Denbi reservoir, Ethiopia. Interview, focus group discussion and personal observations were used to generate data. Response was solicited from households within the catchment area of the reservoir, key informants, elders, workers of the reservoir and fishery cooperative members. The data was analyzed by combining quantitative, qualitative...

Author(s): Askale G/Michael and Tegegn Fantahun  

January 2019

Journal of Horticulture and Forestry
Evaluation of morphological diversity of tamarind (Tamarindus indica) accessions from Eastern parts of Kenya

Tamarind is native to tropical parts of Africa and Asia. It shows considerable phenotypic variation in morphological and horticultural traits that can be utilized in its genetic improvement. In Kenya, there exists a wide range of tamarind germplasm that has not been characterized. Initial characterization is based on morphological descriptors. The objective of this study is to evaluate morphological diversity of...

Author(s): Mercy Liharaka Kidaha, Wariara Kariuki, Fredah K. Rimberia and Remmy Kasili Wekesa  

January 2019

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology
Risky sexual behaviors and associated factors among high and preparatory school youth, East Wollega, Ethiopia, 2017: A cross-sectional study design

Most of the sexual initiation and sexual practice of the youth begins at secondary school level. At this stage student assumed to be exposed to many risky sexual behaviors. However, little research had been explored in the Oromia region particularly in East Wollega zone on this area. A cross-sectional study design was used to assess risky sexual behavior and associated factors among high school and preparatory school...

Author(s): Firomsa Hinkosa Tolera, Eshetu Girma, Abebe Mamo and Zalalem Kaba Babure  

January 2019

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology
Proper utilization of long lasting treated net and associated factors at Zuway Dugda district, Arsi zone, Ethiopia

Insecticide-treated net is one of the main malaria control strategies reducing its incidence by half. This study measured proper utilization of insecticide-treated nets in the study area. To assess proper utilization of insecticide treated net and determinants among households of Zuway Dugda district, Ethiopia. Community based cross-sectional multistage study conducted using structured questionnaire via interview and...

Author(s): Azeb Semu Ragasa, Legesse Tadesse Wodajo and Hailu Fikadu Demissie  

January 2019

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology
Barriers of palliative care practice among health care providers: In case of Jimma town, south west Ethiopia

Globally, palliative care is an urgent humanitarian need for patients with cancer and other chronic disease. Currently, it is estimated that only one in ten people who need palliative care receive it. Therefore, this study is aimed to identify barriers preventing people from using the service. Institutional based qualitative case study was conducted among twenty- seven purposively selected health care providers. Two...

Author(s): Tiwabwork Tekalign, Wallelign Anmut, Nefsu Awoke, Tesfanesh Lemma and Kebreab Paulos  

January 2019

Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytotherapy
Phytochemical investigation and assessment of antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory and antioxidant activities of Sudanese Citrus paradisi peel extract

The peel of grape fruit is used in traditional medicine for the treatment of several diseases. The objective of this study was to evaluate the antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory and antioxidant activities of peel extract from Citrus paradisi. Qualitative phytochemical screening of peel indicates the presence of alkaloids, flavonoids, sterols, triterpenes, tannins, saponins, coumarins, glycosides, reducing sugars,...

Author(s): Ayat Ahmed Alrasheid, Alaa Abdulmoneim Mohamed, Einas Gamal Mohieldin, Kowther Isam Eldein, Layla Fathi Yassin, Marvit Osman Widdatallh, Mawa Ibrahim Alnour, Sahar Hussein Eltilib, Shimaa AbdelRahman Ahmed and Saad Mohamed Hussein Ayoub  

January 2019

Journal of Petroleum and Gas Engineering
Analysis of shaly sand reservoir rocks in the eastern Niger Delta Basin using geophysical well logs

Shales in the reservoir causes complications for the petrophysicist because they generally are conductive and mask the high resistance characteristic of hydrocarbons. Data from a suite of well logs were used to estimate the effect of reservoir shaliness on petrophysical parameters of some reservoir rocks of the eastern Niger Delta Basin. The log section was digitized using Neuralog software. Delineation of the...

Author(s): Fozao K. F., Djieto-Lordon A. E., Ali E. A. A., Agying C. M., Ndeh D. M. and Zebaze Djuka M. K.  

January 2019

International Journal of Water Resources and Environmental Engineering
Potential contaminant runoff from California’s dairy concentrated animal feeding operations (CAFOs): A geospatial analysis

Concentrated animal feeding operations (CAFOs) contain large quantities of dairy cows and therefore have the potential to contribute significant amounts of harmful waste products to the environment. Although previous studies have used geospatial tools to assess potential contaminant runoff, the results from these studies are dependent on the unique geographical characteristics of specific regions. This study...

Author(s): Sunghoon Baek and Charlotte D. Smith  

January 2019

Journal of Dryland Agriculture
Participatory evaluation of maize varieties for the management of maize gray leaf spot disease (Cercospora zeae maydis) at Gondar Zuria district, northwest Ethiopia

Gray leaf spot is one of the major constraints of maize production in Ethiopia where warm humid environmental condition is prevailing. A field experiment was conducted in Gondar zuria district of western Ethiopia during 2016/17 and 2017/18 cropping season with the aim to evaluate effective maize varieties for the management of maize gray leaf spot disease. The experiment was laid out in Randomized Complete Block Design...

Author(s): Yigrem Mengist and Yohannes Moges  

January 2019

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology
Immunization coverage of 12 to 23 months old children in Ethiopia

Vaccine preventable diseases are the major global health problem which contributes to morbidity and mortality of less than 5 years child population. But, the immunization coverage worldwide is below the target. Therefore, the study was aimed at immunization coverage of 12 to 23 months old children in Areka Town, Sothern Ethiopia. A community based cross-sectional study conducted from 10th March to 19th June 19, 2016 in...

Author(s): Robera Olana Fite and Lema Desalegn Hailu  

January 2019

Journal of Soil Science and Environmental Management
Adoption of soil conservation practices through knowledge governance: the Mexican experience

Top-down and centralized soil conservation programs have caused low adoption of sustainable practices. The adoption is a multistage and adaptive process that relies on the management of local knowledge. The results of 61 surveys were analyzed in order to systematize experiences of soil knowledge governance involving social organizations and farmers. Soil knowledge governance was done mainly through the sharing of...

Author(s): Helena Cotler and Maria Luisa Cuevas  

January 2019

African Journal of Food Science
Effect of particle size of selected composite spices on storability of fried meat

Meat is a good source of many nutrients and protein in the human diet. In this study, strips of marinated beef were deep fried in oil, packaged and stored under three storage conditions. The study was carried out to determine the proximate composition, oxidative and microbial stability of meat sample marinated with spices of different particle sizes (250, 300 and 500 μm). The untreated sample was compared with...

Author(s): Musa Omotayo Jimoh, Taiwo Olufemi Olurin and Oluwatosin Omolara Salako  

January 2019

African Journal of Food Science
Assessment of exposure to staphylococcal enterotoxins genes by consumption of ready to consume milk products in milk shop outlets in Mbeya, Tanzania

This study assessed the exposure of humans to Staphylococcus species expressing the Enterotoxins genes (SEs) through consumption of boiled-milk-served-hot and fermented milk in Mbeya, Tanzania. A survey involving 120 consumers revealed that 67.5% of the respondents were buying raw milk from milk shops for home consumption. About 76% of respondents boiled milk before consumption, 14.8% ferment the milk after boiling and...

Author(s): Heriel Fanuel Massawe, Sharadhuli Iddi Kimera, Robinson Hammerthon Mdegela and Lusato Revocatus Kurwijila  

January 2019

International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation
Assessment of woody species in agroforestry systems around Jimma Town, Southwestern Ethiopia

Woody species are the major components of traditional agroforestry systems. These species vary across the different types of agroforestry practices in different parts of Ethiopia. This study was conducted to assess woody species across land use in three different sites around Jimma town, Southwest Ethiopia. A total of 100 plots were laid out on six transect lines with sample plot size of 25 m × 25 m for 20 plots...

Author(s): Buchura Negesse Wari, Debela Hunde Feyssa and Zerihun Kebebew  

January 2019

International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation
The dynamics of medicinal plants utilization practice nexus its health and economic role in Ethiopia: A review paper

Medicinal plants play important roles in human and animals disease treatment. 1000 medicinal plant species are identified and reported in the Ethiopian Flora. They contribute and is more preferable for new drug development. Ethiopia has the potential to become an important source country, given the diversity of plants and the rich traditional knowledge regarding their use. The main sources of medicinal plants for...

Author(s): Yebirzaf Yeshiwas, Esubalew Tadele and Workinesh Tiruneh  

January 2019

International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation
Impacts of human activities on wildlife: The case of Nile Lechwe (Kobus megaceros) Gambella National Park, Southwest Ethiopia

Assessing human-induced threatening factors to wildlife is the basis in determining and proposing appropriate conservation measures. The present study was conducted to assess impacts of human activities on wildlife in Gambella National Park, Southwest of Ethiopia, from October 2015 to March 2016, focusing on the case of Nile Lechwe (Kobus megaceros). The data in this study were gathered using questionnaires with...

Author(s): Mohammed Seid Legas and Behailu Taye  

January 2019

International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation
On farm diversity of barley landraces in North Western Ethiopia

Barley is one of the major cereal crops grown in Ethiopia. The diversity of barley landraces kept for generations in Ethiopia is nowadays subject to genetic erosion. This is true in North Gondar highlands of the country as well. This research was therefore initiated with the aim of studying the farm diversity status of barley landraces in Debark, Dabat and Wogera districts. A total of 180 randomly selected farmers from...

Author(s): Daniel Tadesse and Tazebachew Asres  

January 2019

International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation
Ecological distribution, diversity and use of the genus Digitaria Haller (Poaceae) in Senegal

The genus Digitaria Haller is one of the most important of grass flora of Senegal by both its specific richness and the socio-economic value of its species. Despite this importance, no studies have been done specifically on these species. This study aims, therefore, to document the diversity, distribution, ecology and usefulness of the genus of such species for raising public awareness about botanical, ecological...

Author(s): Ablaye Ngom, Mame Samba Mbaye, Adeline Barnaud, Mame Codou Gueye, Abdoul Aziz Camara, Mathieu Gueye, Baye Magatte Diop, Kandioura Noba  

January 2019

African Journal of Food Science
Effect of drying on the nutrient and anti- nutrient composition of Bombax buonopozense sepals

Bombax buonopozense is one of the underutilized plants in West African. Most of the parts of this plant are used by some populace in West Africa for medicinal and nutritional purposes while the sepals mostly go waste. The objective of this study is to evaluate the effect of different drying methods on some nutritional and anti- nutritional composition of fresh and dried sepals of B. buonopozense. The sepals were oven,...

Author(s): Josephine Danso, Francis Alemawor, Reindorf Boateng, John Barimah, and David Ben Kumah  

Page 7 of 1155, showing 50 records out of 57748 total, starting on record 301, ending on 350