Articles

 

Articles

Page 7 of 1176, showing 50 records out of 58782 total, starting on record 301, ending on 350

October 2019

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Probiotics Lactobacillus strains: A promising alternative therapy against to biofilm-forming enteropathogenic bacteria?

Biofilms formation stands out in context of persistent intestinal infections caused by Enterobacteriaceae, which are associated with a high resistance to antimicrobial agents’ and phagocytosis by host defense cells. Hence, understanding the mechanisms involved in this process becomes major for the development of new preventive and therapeutic strategies. Lactic acid bacteria, including species of the genus...

Author(s): Mariane Silveira Magalhães Fernandes, Maria Leilah Monte Coelho Lourenço, Brendda Miranda Vasconcelos and Victor Alves Carneiro,

October 2019

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Prevalence of HEV markers among healthy and patients with hepatitis B and C in Upper Egypt

Hepatitis E virus (HEV) infection has a worldwide distribution and represents an important cause of acute hepatitis. This study aimed to investigate the frequency of HEV infection, and risk factors associated with this infection in healthy individual and patients with hepatitis B and C in Upper Egypt. Samples were collected from different governorates (Luxor, Assuit, Aswan and Sohag governorates) in Upper Egypt. Serum...

Author(s): A. M. El-Adly  

October 2019

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Diketopiperazine alkaloids produced by the endophytic fungus Penicillium citrinum and evaluation of their antileishmanial activity

Chromatographic fractionation of the antileishmanial extract obtained from fermentation of the endophytic fungus Penicillium citrinum, isolated from leaves of Ageratum myriadenia, yielded three diketopiperazine alkaloids; cyclo(L-Pro-L-Leu) (1), cyclo-(L-Pro-L-Phe) (2) and tryprostatin B (3). The structures of these compounds were established on the basis of spectroscopic methods and comparison with the literature....

Author(s): Luiza Guimarães Tunes, Vívian Nicolau Gonçalves, Daniela Nabak Bueno, Carlos Leomar Zani, Luiz Henrique Rosa and Betania Barros Cota  

October 2019

African Journal of Biotechnology
Nutritional enhancement of cocoa pod husk meal through fermentation using Rhizopus stolonifer

This study evaluated the effect of fermentation period on the proximate composition, anti-nutritional content, fibre fractions and amino acid profile of cocoa pod husk meal (CPHM). Cocoa pod husk was taken through a solid state fermentation process involving Rhizopus stolonifer as its starter culture for a period of two weeks. The fermented CPHM was dried and analyzed for its proximate composition, anti-nutritional...

Author(s): Olugosi O. A., Agbede J. O., Adebayo I. A., Onibi G. E. and Ayeni O. A.  

October 2019

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Agromorphological evaluation within a collection of local tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.) populations collected in Burkina Faso and Mali

Tomato is a vegetable of great economic importance in Burkina Faso. This study evaluated agromorphological diversity within 40 tomato accessions from Burkina Faso and Mali. Trials were conducted during 2015 growing season and IPGRI descriptors were considered in collecting data on field as well as in laboratory. Results revealed the collection to be interestingly diversified. All studied characters presented several...

Author(s): TRAORE Cheick Omar#, TARPAGA W. Vianney#, BOURGOU Larbouga# and ROUAMBA Albert  

October 2019

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Effects of blended fertilizer types and rates on fruit yield and nutrient use efficiencies of hot pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) at Asossa, Western Ethiopia

A field experiment was conducted to evaluate the effects of different blended fertilizer types (NPSB and NPSBZn) and their rates on fruit yield, nutrient concentration, nutrient uptake and nutrient use efficiency of hot pepper at Assosa, Western Ethiopia. The experiment was set with eight treatments (recommended NP, three different blended rates for each NPSB and NPSBZn and unfertilized plot) laid out in randomized...

Author(s): Nimona Fufa and Girma Abera  

October 2019

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Some maize agronomic practices in Ethiopia: A review of research experiences and lessons from agronomic panel survey in Oromia and Amhara regions

There is a huge maize yield gap in Ethiopia. The use of improper maize agronomic practices could contribute to maize yield gaps. Agronomic panel survey (APS) and a baseline survey were carried out by EIAR and CSA, respectively in collaboration with CIMMYT for three years (2015-17) to assess the rates and types of inorganic fertilizers applied; maize varieties used and plant densities maintained by farmers in major maize...

Author(s): Tesfaye Balemi, Mesfin Kebede, Tolera Abera, Gebresilasie Hailu, Gebreyes Gurmu and Fite Getaneh  

October 2019

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Growth performance and carcass characteristics of cross-bred rabbits fed diets containing palm kernel oil residue

This study was conducted to explore the potential of palm kernel oil residue (PKOR), as substitute for wheat bran (WB) on growth performance and carcass characteristics of cross-bred rabbits in Ghana. Forty-eight seven-week old rabbits (1113± 318.20 g) were randomly allotted to 4 dietary treatments in a completely randomized design. The rabbits were given diets in which WB was replaced with PKOR at 0, 25, 50 and...

Author(s): Nuamah E., Teye M., Odoi F. N. A. and Teye P. K.  

October 2019

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Trichoderma asperellum (UFT201) functions as a growth promoter for soybean plant

This work is aimed at evaluating the efficiency of Trichoderma asperellum, UFT 201 as a growth promoter of soybean plant in the Cerrado biome in Tocantins, Brazil. Two field experiments were performed in two different cities using different concentrations (1, 2, 3 and 4 kg ha-1) (Porto Nacional and Formoso do Araguaia). For inoculation treatments with Trichoderma asperellum UFT 201 (comprising the granulated product),...

Author(s): Aloisio Freitas Chagas Junior, Lillian França Borges Chagas, Brigitte Sthepani Orozco Colonia, Luciane de Oliveira Miller and José Claudio de Oliveira  

October 2019

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Evaluation of hepatoprotective, antioxidant and cytotoxic properties of aqueous extract of turmeric rhizome (Turmesac®)

In the present study, the hepatoprotective, antioxidant and cytotoxic activities of aqueous extract of turmeric rhizome (Turmesac®) were evaluated. In brief, Turmesac® was extracted from turmeric rhizome. 3-(4,5- dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide(MTT) assay was used to evaluate the hepatoprotective and cytotoxic activities of the Turmesac® against the human liver (HUH-7) and breast cancer...

Author(s): C. T. Sadashiva, H. M. Firoz Hussain and S. Nanjundaiah  

October 2019

Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health
African animal trypanosomosis in cattle in Bénin: A review

African animal trypanosomosis is a disease transmitted by tsetse flies and tabanid to domestic mammals which seriously affects their health status and considerably reduces their productivity. This study proposes to make a synthesis on the bovine trypanosomosis and the various works undertaken in Benin country from 1960 to 2018. After general information on bovine trypanosomosis, the various vectorial agents responsible...

Author(s): Soha Sèsséya Arnaud Sas, Adjibodé Ayodélé Gabriel, Agbankpé Alidéhou Jerrold, Farougou Souaïbou, Youssao Abdou Karim Issaka, Kpodékon Tchokponhoué Tchégninougbo  Marc and Dougnon Tossou Jacques,  

October 2019

Journal of Entomology and Nematology
Characterization of the Soil Nematode Fauna of Makerere Hill, Kampala, Uganda

Soil nematode faunal analysis is necessary to ascertain the health status of the soil ecosystem. Composite soil samples were taken at designated sites; A, B, C and D from the Makerere Hill area, Kampala and analyzed to characterize the nematode fauna status. Soil samples were collected vertically at 0-5 cm, 5-10 cm and 10-15 cm core depths with a 5 cm wide soil auger. A total of  7,900 nematodes were collected from...

Author(s): Nzeako S. O., Talwana H., Teye E., Sekanjako I., Nabweteme J. and Businge M. A.

October 2019

Educational Research and Reviews
Poverty alleviation through teaching for thinking: A case of one teachers’ college in Masvingo Province

There is an assumption that education is incapacitated to alleviate poverty. The objective of this study is to explore the nature and impact of education being offered at one teachers’ college in Masvingo Province. The study argues that the college is not offering education, which is instrumental for poverty alleviation. Qualitative data were generated using in depth interviews, focus group discussions and...

Author(s): Sonile Gwede  

October 2019

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Yield gaps, adoption and seed commercial behaviour: Implications for chickpea seed system in Ethiopia

The paper presents the yield gaps, adoption of improved varieties and the commercial behaviour in seed of smallholder chickpea producers based on the primary data collected from 612 randomly selected farmers covering 36 kebeles from 18 chickpea-producing districts, in 2017. The results indicate that the estimated average yield gaps were lower by 37.97 and 49.17% for desi chickpea and by 29.62 and 40.97% for kabuli...

Author(s): Dawit Alemu and Zewdie Bishaw  

October 2019

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Effect of level and time of nitrogen fertilizer application on growth, yield and yield components of maize (Zea mays L.) at Arba Minch, Southern Ethiopia

Maize is most important cereal crop used for human diet, livestock fed, and for many industrial applications in many parts of the world. However, the national average productivity is quite below the world average which might be attributed to nutrient deficiency among many problems. A field experiment was conducted during 2016/2017 croppping season to determine the effect of level and time of nitrogen fertilizer...

Author(s): Keyro Assefa and  Zenebe Mekonnen  

October 2019

African Journal of Biotechnology
Variable DNA methylation in Ensete (Ensete ventricosum) clones associated with developmental stage revealed by Amplified Fragment Length Polymorphisms (AFLPs) with Methylation-Sensitive enzyme

Ensete (Ensete ventricosum) is an important perennial species in Ethiopia. It is used for food and fiber. The mode of propagation is asexual and sexual. Asexual form of reproduction is by natural and anthropogenic induced sucker. This research aims to investigate and measure the methylation diversity of natural and anthropogenic induced sucker forming Ensete. Twenty-seven individuals from Hawassa University research...

Author(s): Hewan Demissie Degu and Bizuayehu Tesfaye  

October 2019

African Journal of Biotechnology
Development and validation of an analytical method for quantification of total flavonoids in Alternanthera brasiliana by ultraviolet-visible absorption spectrophotometry

Alternanthera brasiliana is popularly known in Brazil as "penicillin" or "benzetacil" and is used in traditional medicine for the treatment of infections and for the healing of wounds. It is also used as an ornamental plant due to the characteristic purple coloration of its leaves when cultivated in shade. The objective of this study was to develop and validate an analytical methodology by...

Author(s): José M. T. de Alencar Filho, Hyany A. P. Teixeira, Iure S. de Carvalho, Milenna V. V. de O. Alencar, Nathália A. C. de Souza, Tarcísio C. de L. Arraújo, Emanuella C. V. Pereira, Isabela A. Amariz, Pedrita A. Sampaio, Pedro J. Rolim-Neto, Larissa A. Rolim, and Edigênia C. da C. Araújo,  

October 2019

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Influence of Nitrogen and Phosphorus fertilizer Rates on Seed Yield, Yield Components and Quality of Onion (Allium cepa L.) at Kulumsa in Arsi Zone, South East Ethiopia

Onion is an important vegetable crop commercially grown both by large and small scale farmers in Ethiopia. Its production is highly dependent on availability of high and good quality seed, which is constrained by a number of problems including declining soil fertility and inappropriate fertilizer application. A study was conducted to investigate the effects of nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) fertilizer rates on onion...

Author(s): Demis Fikre Limeneh, Hussien Mohammed Beshir and Fekadu Gebretensay Mengistu  

October 2019

Educational Research and Reviews
Impact of note taking during reading and during listening on comprehension

This study aims to determine possible impact of note taking during reading and listening on Turkish Language prospective teachers’ comprehension success. Moreover in the study comprehension scores of the groups were investigated in terms of academic score and gender variables. Study was designed in causal-comparative research. The study was conducted with 72 s graders studying at the Department of Turkish Language...

Author(s): Hüseyin Özçakmak  

October 2019

African Journal of Food Science
The tomato paste quality attributes along the industrial processing chain

Tomato is widely consumed in the world and its concentrated paste represents the main product from industrial tomato cultivars. One of the industry's biggest challenges is to produce in a sustainable and effective chain to simultaneously fulfill the cost reduction and quality improvement demands. This study aimed to show the loss of tomato paste quality attributes along its industrial processing chain, focusing on...

Author(s): Karla Ariane Silveira Munhoz and Flávio Luís Schmidt  

October 2019

African Journal of Food Science
Phytochemical components of beverages from African star apple (Chrysophyllum albidum) tissue fractions under ambient storage

There is increasing awareness of functional potentials of African star apple (ASA) as an underutilized tropical fruit, yet little is known of alterations to its product properties during storage. Changes in antioxidant and antinutritional composition of beverages derived from ASA peel, pulp and seed coat fractions during 8-week storage at 26°C were investigated. Drinks derived...

Author(s): Folasade Olabimpe ADEBOYEJO, Modupeola Adelaju OGUNTOYE and Oluwatosin Eniola AWE  

October 2019

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Impact of vessels on sediment transport and diversity in Lake Taihu, China

In shallow lakes, waves from different sources play a major role in sediment transport and the release of associated nutrients. This study was conducted to analyze the impacts of waves generated by wind or vessels, on nutrient concentrations and microbial diversity in China’s third largest lake, Taihu. The study area is fixed at 100 m length of sailing vessel and 10 m width from where water samples were collected,...

Author(s): Qhtan Asmaa and Yiping Li  

October 2019

Journal of Agricultural Biotechnology and Sustainable Development
Phylogenetic assessment of selected Ghanaian groundnuts, in reference to U.S. mini-core based on Kompetitive allele-specific PCR (KASP) and axiom single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) array protocols

Groundnut farming has always been an essentially major agricultural venture, both commercially and in subsistence, to the inhabitants of the Northern Regions of Ghana. The current study sought to assess the relationship and genetic diversity, through a phylogenetic analysis, among twenty-five (25) Ghanaian groundnut genotypes, in reference to US groundnut mini-core collection, based on the Kompetitive allele-specific...

Author(s): Oppong-Sekyere, D., Akromah, R., Chu, Y., Ozias-Akins, P. and Gimode, D.  

October 2019

Journal of Agricultural Biotechnology and Sustainable Development
The influence of solvent’s polarity on physicochemical properties and oil yield extracted from pumpkin (Cucurbita maxima) seed

The effect of solvent polarity, polar and non-polar solvents, on pumpkin (Cucurbita maxima) seed oil yield and quality based on selected physicochemical properties was investigated. Five different solvents, like petroleum ether, hexane, cyclohexane, acetone and ethanol were used on a laboratory scale in this study. Results showed that both physicochemical properties and oil yield extracted from the pumpkin seed were...

Author(s): Lesten Eliez Chisomo Chatepa and Kingsley Masamba  

October 2019

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Characterization of bacterial pathogens associated with milk microbiota in Egypt

Milk is a substantial source of nutrients needed by all humans across lifespan development. Given its nutritional composition, milk is considered a vehicle for various microbes including beneficial and pathogenic bacteria. In this study, 270 milk samples comprising raw cow and buffalo milk and pasteurized milk with different shelf-life durations were tested along with pasteurized organic milk for the presence of...

Author(s): Hager Yehia Shalaby, Kholoud Baraka, Madiha Salah Ibrahim and Eman Mohammad Khalaf  

October 2019

Journal of Ecology and The Natural Environment
Applying an indirect method for estimating and modelling the aboveground biomass and carbon for wood energy in the arid ecosystems of Aϊr Tenéré of Niger

Maintaining the economic, ecological and social services provided by the oases and the valley ecosystems of Aϊr, in the northern part of Niger, is important for local communities. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the supply and regulation services provided by these ecosystems through wood energy and carbon sequestration. Semi-structured surveys and dendrometric parameter measurements of woody species were...

Author(s): Massaoudou Moussa, Tougiani Abasse, Idrissa Kindo Abdou and Mahamane Larwanou

October 2019

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Isolation and characterization of potential phosphate solubilizing bacteria in two regions of Senegal

Many soils of the inter-tropical regions are P-deficient because of their high fixing power and low P content. Rock phosphate resources used to produce the phosphate fertilizers are exhausted and chemical fertilizer are causing environmental degradation. This issue raised the question of sustainability of fertilization and subsequently has enhanced the interest in the use of microorganisms as biofertilizers. The aim of...

Author(s): Christian Valentin Nadiéline,, Mame Farma Ndiaye, Saliou Fall,, Tatiana Krasova,, Antoine Le Quéré, and Diégane Diouf,  

October 2019

African Journal of Microbiology Research
High frequency of Torque Teno virus (TTV) among Egyptian hemodialysis patients

Very little reports are yet available for the infection rate of Torque Teno virus (TTV) among hemodialysis patients in Upper Egypt. Thus, the aim of this study was to assess the frequency and the possible genotypes of TTV in chronic renal failure patients undergoing dialysis. This cross-sectional study was carried out between August 2016 and February 2017 in three haemodialysis units in Minia, Egypt. Blood samples were...

Author(s): Noha A. Hassuna, Medhat Abdel-Fattah, Shrouk Omran, Wael M. Abd Elghany, Rasha F. Ahmed and Reham Ali Ibrahem

October 2019

African Journal of Mathematics and Computer Science Research
An air quality composite index based on pollutant concentration factor analysis

To overcome the problems of Air Quality Index in describing regional short-term air quality status and changing trend, based on the daily average concentrations of six air pollutants affecting regional air quality in Zhengzhou from 2015 to 2018, this paper analyzes their correlation characteristics and defines an air quality composite index instead of the original index by using factor analysis method, which not only...

Author(s): Kai-guang ZHANG, Ming-ting BA, Hong-ling MENG and Yan-min SUN  

October 2019

Journal of Civil Engineering and Construction Technology
Enhancing the strength of sandcrete blocks using coarse aggregates

This current article explores the possibility of adding aggregate (10 mm size) to sandcrete mixes in order to enhance the strength of the sandcrete blocks. Four different kinds of mixes were made; the first one was used as a reference without the addition of course aggregate, and in the remaining three, course aggregates were added in percentages of 5, 10 and 15% by volume of the reference mix. Laboratory experimental...

Author(s): Coffie H., Adzivor E. K. and Afetorgbor E. K.  

October 2019

Journal of Cereals and Oilseeds
Technological application of the butter of Pentadesma butyracea: A comparative evaluation of its cosmetic behaviour with Vitellaria paradoxa butter

Pentadesma butyracea butter is a vegetable fat obtained from the kernels of the P. butyracea tree. It is a potential source of fat for the food and cosmetics sectors. This study evaluated the quality characteristics of the cream and soap processed from the butter of P. butyracea in comparison to similar product from the Vitellaria paradoxa butter. The same cosmetic products were produced with P. butyracea and V....

Author(s): Bernolde P. Ayegnon, Georgina Adjanohoun  and Adéchola P. P. Kayodé  

October 2019

African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
Evaluation of hypoglycemic activity and safety of Carica papaya seed extracts in alloxan-induced diabetic mice

Carica papaya is used for the treatment of many diseases such as stomach upsets, diarrhoea, bilharzia, diabetes. The study aims to evaluate the safety and hypoglycemic potential effect of Carica papaya seeds on alloxan induced diabetic mice. DCM extracts were examined for the presence of terpenoids, flavonoids, steroids, phenols, tannins and alkaloids. Toxicity profile was established at 5, 50, 200, 300 and 2000 mg/kg...

Author(s): Samuel P. Kagame, , Nicholas Mwikwabe, Peter Mwitari and Moses Gichua  

October 2019

Journal of Dentistry and Oral Hygiene
Miswak: The underutilized device and future challenges

There have been many studies on the practice of maintaining dental health. Although most people currently use a toothbrush to maintain the cleanliness of mouth, specific populations still used miswak as an alternative tool for oral health care. This study was designed to answer the future challenges of use of miswak as a tool to maintain oral health according to modern sciences. The history, features, function,...

Author(s): Winarni Yasmin, Haslinda Ramli and Aspalilah Alias  

October 2019

African Journal of Biotechnology
Characterization of three full Iris yellow spot virus genes of a garlic-infecting isolate from Zimbabwe using next-generation sequencing technology

Iris yellow spot virus (IYSV) is an important pathogen of Allium species worldwide. It has a tripartite genome consisting of the large (L), medium (M) and small (S) RNA segments. Despite its worldwide distribution, very few complete gene and genome sequences are available in public databases. The aim of this study was to obtain full gene sequences of a garlic-infecting IYSV isolate by next-generation sequencing (NGS)...

Author(s): Charles Karavina, Jacques Davy Ibaba and Augustine Gubba  

October 2019

African Journal of Biotechnology
Economic viability of the biogas produced on pig farms in Brazil for electric power generation

Electric energy generated by clean and renewable sources, such as biogas, is a subject widely discussed and of global importance. Biogas, besides being an alternative to other fuels uses a raw material, which in many cases is considered disposable, worthless and harmful to the environment when not correctly disposed of. Several factors influence the design, operation and collection of the final product. This paper is a...

Author(s): Levi Mariano Neto, Wellington Henrique Ponciano and Antonio Manoel Batista da Silva

October 2019

African Journal of Biotechnology
Comparison of embryo developmental rates in Nguni, Bonsmara and Boran beef cattle breeds following in vitro fertilization and artificial insemination

The aim of this study was to compare the embryonic developmental rates in the Southern African cattle breeds. To do this, cryopreserved semen straws from Nguni, Bonsmara, and Boran bulls were thawed at 38°C and evaluated for sperm motility characteristics using Sperm Class Analyser (SCA). The fertilizing ability of frozen/thawed sperm was evaluated by performing artificial insemination (AI) and in vitro...

Author(s): Mohleko Helen Mapeka, Cyril Mpho Pilane, Robert. Treadwell, Jones Ng’ambi and Cuthbert Banga  

October 2019

African Journal of Food Science
Development and characterization of biodegradable films from fermented yam (Dioscorea trifida L. f.)

The objective of this work was to develop and characterize biodegradable starch films at 14 and 21 days of fermentation, aiming to develop packaging with added value. For the extraction of starch, yam tubers were washed, crushed, filtered and fermented for 14 and 21 days, and then filtered and dehydrated. Water-starch-glycerol mixtures were prepared in a randomized design using a factorial scheme (5x2), with five...

Author(s): Ana Cecília Nina Lobato, João Batista Dias Damaceno, Jaime Paiva Lopes Aguiar, Eyde Cristianne Saraiva-Bonatto, Charline Soares dos Santos Rolim, Nilma de Souza Fernandes, Albejamere Pereira de Castro, Carlos Victor Lamarão and Francisca das Chagas do Amaral Souza  

October 2019

Journal of Horticulture and Forestry
Morphological characterization and Simple Sequence Repeats (SSRs) based DNA fingerprinting of selected mango (Mangifera indica L.) genotypes in Bangladesh

Nineteen genotypes of mango including nine released varieties viz. BARI Aam-1, BARI Aam-2 (Laxmanbhog), BARI Aam-3, BARI Aam- 4 (Hybrid), BARI Aam-5, BARI Aam-6, BARI Aam-7, BARI Aam-8, BARI Aam-9; one parental line viz. M- 3896 and nine Geographical Indication Crops (GIs) viz. Haribhanga, Surjapuri, Fazli, Gourmoti, Ashwina, Khirsapat, Gopalbhog, Langra and Ranipasand were characterized with a view to identifying the...

Author(s): Md. Rezwan Molla, Iftekhar Ahmed, Md. Amjad Hossain, Md. Shafiqul Islam, Md. Aziz Zilani Chowdhury, Dilruba Shabnam and Md. Motiar Rohman  

October 2019

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Labour cost implication of malaria and perception of cocoa farmers on its preventive measures in Ondo State, Nigeria

The study was executed to examine the cost implication of labour used by cocoa farmers during periods of incapacitation caused by malaria and to determine the perception of the farmers on malaria preventive methods. Descriptive statistics were used to classify farmers by days of incapacitation and the cost of labour for cocoa plantation management when farmers were absent from the cocoa plantation because of malaria. A...

Author(s): Eniafe David Olakunle and Oseni Joseph Olumide  

October 2019

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Effect of planting time and fungicide application frequency on severity of late blight (Phytophthora infestans), yield and yield components of potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) at Kulumsa, Southeast Ethiopia

Phytophthora infestans is the major bottleneck in potato production in Ethiopia. Selection of appropriate planting time is highly location specific and the most important subject in rain-fed potato production. However, research recommendation on optimum planting time and fungicide application frequency for high lands area of Arsi (Kulumsa) is lacking. Thus, field experiment was carried out to evaluate the effect of...

Author(s): Getachew Kebede Tufa, Fekadu Gebretensay Mengistu  and Gezahegn Berecha Yadessa  

October 2019

Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics
Livelihood impacts of Calliandra calothyrsus and Sesbania sesban: Supplementary feed in smallholder dairy farms in Kenya

An agroforestry land use system aimed at improving the productivity of smallholder dairy farms using Calliandra calothyrsus and Sesbania sesban shrubs as feed supplements was introduced to semi-commercial SDFs in Meru, Kenya, as part of a field trial. The objective of this study was to assess the impact of using the C. calothyrsus and S. sesban on family income and livelihoods during the 16-month trial period. Eighty...

Author(s): Makau D. N., VanLeeuwen J. A., Gitau G. K., McKenna S. L., Walton C., Muraya J. and Wichtel J. J.  

October 2019

African Journal of Biotechnology
Genetic diversity assessment of yams (Dioscorea spp.) from Ethiopia using inter simple sequence repeat (ISSR) markers

The genetic diversity and relationships of 70 accessions of yam belonging to Dioscorea cayenensis/Dioscorea rotundata complex (55), Dioscorea bulbifera (13) and Dioscorea alata (2, as a reference) were assessed using six inter simple sequence repeat (ISSR) primers. DNA was extracted from a bulk of two plants per accession using a modified cetyl trimethyl ammonium bromide (CTAB) method. Six ISSR primers amplified 77...

Author(s): Kedra Mohammed Ousmael, Kassahun Tesfaye, and Teklehaimanot Hailesilassie

October 2019

Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics
Factors affecting the technical efficiency of oil palm fruit processing units in South-East Benin

As the independent Benin's first export crop, oil palm continues to play an important role in the Beninese economy and society despite the decline in its production that has begun since the 1970s. It is present in most cropping systems throughout southern Benin. The objective of this article is, on the one hand, to assess the level of technical efficiency of oil palm fruit processing units in South-East Benin and,...

Author(s): Jean Adanguidi  

October 2019

International Journal of Psychology and Counselling
A historical perspective of the field of emotional and behavioral disorders: A review of literature

The purpose of this paper is two-fold. First, to review relevant literature forming the foundation of the field of emotional and behavioral disorders. This historical methodology focuses on examining research from the 1700s to 2017, starting with the history of emotional disorders, the Freudian theory, the federal special education laws that emerged throughout history, and lastly tracing its evolution within the...

Author(s): Celestial Wills-Jackson  

October 2019

Journal of Media and Communication Studies
Literature review of sexual reproductive health campaign messages: What are the milestones and potential research topics within the Kenyan context?

This paper presents a literature review of the sexual reproductive health campaign messages and highlights the milestones in the existing literature. The review begins with definition of health campaign messages and other key concepts. The subject is then situated within the discipline of communication studies particularly within the branch of health communication. A review of relevant theories follows after which...

Author(s): Bernice Ndegi Gatere and Charles Ongondo  

October 2019

Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytotherapy
A comparative study of phytochemical profile and antioxidant activity of Sahelian plants used in the treatment of infectious diseases in northern part of Burkina Faso: Acacia seyal Delile and Acacia tortilis (Forssk.) Hayne subsp. raddiana (Savi)

Acacia seyal and Acacia tortilis are used in the treatment of infectious diseases in traditional medicine by population in Northern Burkina Faso. Phytochemical screening by tube test and on HPTLC plates showed the presence of important chemical compounds in these plants. Determination of total phenolic content using method of Folin-Ciocalteu Reagent (FCR) and antioxidant activity by 1, 1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH)...

Author(s): Alphonsine RAMDE-TIENDREBEOGO, Moumouni KOALA, Nabere OUATTARA, Marius LOMPO and Innocent Pierre GUISSOU  

October 2019

Journal of Parasitology and Vector Biology
Prevalence and intensity of urogenital and intestinal schistosomiasis among primary school children in rural districts of Senegal

Schistosomiasis is a public health problem in Senegal with unevenly distributed prevalence. The purpose of this study was to assess the prevalence and intensity of Schistosoma haematobium and Schistosoma mansoni infections among primary school children in eight districts of Senegal. A cross-sectional survey including school children aged from 7 to 13 years were included and was conducted in 3 ecological areas. Urine and...

Author(s): Mame Cheikh SECK, Khadim Diongue, Mouhamadou Ndiaye, Aida Sadikh Badiane, Mamadou Alpha Diallo and Daouda Ndiaye,  

October 2019

Journal of Petroleum and Gas Engineering
Software approach on crude oil yields prediction: A case study of Tema Oil Refinery

Yield prediction is an integral part of every refinery process due to the intricacy of the process and composition of crude oil. Inability to sufficiently predict the yields before refinery process creates challenges such as inadequacy in planning the operating conditions to meet product target, product optimisation failure and inability to meet product market specification. Predicting yields using a yield pattern model...

Author(s): Solomon Adjei Marfo, Prince Opoku Appau and Daniel Tettegah  

October 2019

ISABB Journal of Biotechnology and Bioinformatics
In silico detection and correlative analysis of antibiotic resistance plasmid-incompatibility (Inc/ rep) groups from different environments

Plasmids are extra-chromosomal mobile DNA elements found mostly in bacteria, and often serve as vectors for accumulation and transfer of antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) within bacterial populations in different environments. Plasmid mediated transfer of ARGs has accounted for the spread of antibiotic resistance within clinically relevant pathogenic bacteria; this has escalated into a global health problem. Plasmids...

Author(s): Monamodi Kesamang and Teddie O. Rahube  

October 2019

Journal of African Studies and Development
State regulation of religion in Uganda: Fears and dilemmas of born-again churches

Since 2016 when the government of Uganda announced its intention to enact a policy about regulating religions and faith-based organizations, there have been contrasting responses from those this policy intends to regulate. The mainstream religious groups especially; the Moslem community, Anglican Church of Uganda, the Seventh-Day Adventist Church, Roman Catholic Church, Greek Orthodox church and generally all those that...

Author(s): Alexander Paul Isiko  

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