Articles

 

Articles

Page 7 of 1144, showing 50 records out of 57178 total, starting on record 301, ending on 350

October 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Economics of aflatoxin control in maize production among smallholder farmers in Oyo State, Nigeria

In Africa, the prevalence of aflatoxin contamination in agricultural production places the stability of food security at risk. This study investigated the socio-economic characteristics of farmers; assessed the prevalence of aflatoxin in maize production; identified the aflatoxin control practices used; and estimated the net returns to users and non-users of the control practices. A multistage sampling procedure was...

Author(s): Ladoye, O. A., Bamire, A. S. and Afolayan A. F.  

October 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Sensitivity stability and fitness of Botrytis cinerea isolates to captan

The present study investigated the sensitivity and stability of Botrytis cinerea isolates collected from vineyards to captan. To determine the stability of sensitivity to captan, B. cinerea isolates on fungicide-free potato dextrose agar (PDA) was evaluated after 15 culture cycles. In some isolates with reduced sensitivity to captan, EC50 value of the isolates did not change compared to that of isolates that were...

Author(s): Nagehan Desen Köycü  

October 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Technical and water use efficiency estimation of adopters and non-adopters of pressurized irrigation systems among hazelnut farmers

Water demand is continuously increasing worldwide parallel with the growing population. Because agriculture is considered as a significant water consumption sector, water demand in this sector may be reduced by improving water use efficiency to make farming more irrigated and sustainable. This study was planned to estimate the technical and water use efficiency of hazelnut growers in Carsamba district of Samsun, Turkey....

Author(s): Ismet Boz, Shamsheer Ul Haq, Cagatay Yildirim, Hatice Turkten and Pomi Shahbaz  

October 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Intra- and inter-specific interference between slender amaranth and red pepper

Competition interferes with the growth and development of plants, whether of the same species or not. The aim of this work is to evaluate the intra-specific interference of slender amaranth plants (Amaranthus viridis) at different densities and distances, and in an inter-specific interaction with red pepper (Capsicum baccatum var. pendulum). The experiment was conducted in four replications and in a randomized complete...

Author(s): Orzari, I., Barbasso, M. F., Silva, B. V. R., Braga, Isa M. R. F., & Alves, P. L. da C. A.

October 2018

Educational Research and Reviews
Communication skills of students in fine arts departments of education faculties

Communication plays a very important role in music and art teaching as well as in all other teaching fields. The ability to communicate strongly in the mental, emotional, and behavioural areas play an important role in providing students with knowledge and skills. Empathy, empowerment and understanding approach will always be the factors that increase success in collective and individual studies. Successful...

Author(s): Ismet Arıcı     

October 2018

Educational Research and Reviews
Secondary school students’ positive and negative perfectionism as a predictor of career development

The purpose of this research is to examine secondary school students’ positive and negative perfectionism as a predictor of career development. 487 students from five different secondary schools in a city located in Turkey's Eastern Mediterranean Region participated in this study. Positive and Negative Perfectionism Scale (PNPS) and Childhood Career Development Scale (CCDS) were used as data collection tools...

Author(s): Oğuzhan Kirdök      

October 2018

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Bio-preservative potential of lactic acid bacteria metabolites against fungal pathogens

Bio-preservative potential of the secondary metabolites produced by lactic acid bacteria (LAB) isolated from fermented cassava was assessed against fungal pathogens associated with spoilage of fresh fruits and vegetables. Twenty LAB isolates were identified according to standard morphological and biochemical methods and ten were subjected to phenotypic and genotypic identifications. The metabolites produced were tested...

Author(s): Awah, J. I., Ukwuru, M. U., Alum, E. A. and Kingsley, T. L.  

October 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Statistical analysis of impact of climate change on crop potentials productivity on a regional scale in Nigeria

Yield improvement is the main aim of all agricultural activities. Therefore, it is important to have an idea about the yield that can be produced from a piece of land before investing in it. This work is aimed at analysing the impact of climate change on crop yield potential and predicting the crop yield potential in six geo political zones in Nigeria using global solar radiation as the only limiting factor of...

Author(s): K. O. Rauff and A.A. Ismail  

October 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Use of artificial neural networks to assess yield projection and average production of eucalyptus stands

Eucalyptus stands growth depends on genotype, age, quality of the local soil and silvicultural treatment. Environmental factors, mainly the water availability to plants throughout the years, temperature and solar radiation are relevant to production capacity. The models used in Brazil to stimulate the future production of forestry stands are those that estimate growth and/or production according to age, basal area and...

Author(s): Aline Edwiges Mazon de Alcântra, Ana Carolina de Albuquerque Santos, Mayra Luiza Marques da Silva, Daniel Henrique Breda Binoti, Carlos Pedro Boechat Soares, José Marinaldo Gleriani and Helio Garcia Leite  

October 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Does zinc uptake relate well with differential zinc efficiency of barley genotypes?

To some extent, differential zinc (Zn) efficiency of cereals, particularly differences between species may be attributed to phytosiderophores (PSs) release and inorganic Zn (Zn2+) uptake; however, the discrepancies within a given species are still under discussion. Moreover, studies on the explanations of differential Zn efficiencies of barleys are limited. That is why using two barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) cultivars...

Author(s): Emin Bülent ERENOĞLU  

October 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Effect of Anacardium occidentale, Ricinus communis and Spirulina sp. on the diets of broiler chickens

The use of antibiotics as a growth promoter was banned because of residues that are left in animal products. Alternatives to antibiotics that promote animal growth and health without leaving residues in food are being sought. An experiment was conducted to evaluate the effects of a commercial mixture of functional oils and algae (FOA) on growth and gut morphology in broiler chickens. A total of 224 one day-old Cobb male...

Author(s): Patricia Rossi, Lilian Kelly Pereira, Sabrina Endo Takahashi, Paulo Segatto Cella, Patricia Franchi Freitas, Jackeline Dall Agnol de Lima, Pedro Valério Dutra de Moraes and Guilherme Cesar Trindade de Freitas  

October 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Length of the growing season for dry rainfed farming under Monsoon climate in Gedarif, Sudan

Reliable information on the starting and ending of growing season as well as its length will greatly assist in appropriate planning for rainfed agriculture farming practices. The objective of this study is to determine the start, end and length of growing season, based on dependable rainfall during wet (20%), normal (50%) and dry (80%) years, which were retrieved from historical rainfall records analysis of seven...

Author(s): Lotfie A. Yousif, Abdelrahman A. Khatir, Faisal M. El-Hag, Ahmed M. Abdelkarim, Hussain S. Adam, Abdelhadi A. W., Yasunori Kurosaki and Imad-eldin A. Ali-Babiker,  

October 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Agronomic efficiency, yield and yield components of food barley response to nitrogen rates after fababean in Emba Alaje, Northern Ethiopia

 This study was initiated to investigate the effect of nitrogen fertilizer on agronomic efficiency, yield and yield components of barley after faba bean precursor crop.  A field experiment was carried out in 2015 main cropping season at district at Ayba and Tek’a kebeles in Tigray Regional State, Ethiopia. The experiments were arranged in a randomized complete block design with three replications....

Author(s): Sofonyas Dargie, Bereket Haileselassie, Mehretab Haileselassie, Fisseha Hadgu, Hagos Birhane Molla Hadis and Medhn Berhane  

October 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Water and soil conservation techniques and food security in the northern region of Burkina Faso

Food insecurity is a major challenge facing the rapidly growing population in the sub-Saharan Africa and it is a common feature in the northern region of Burkina Faso. The focus of this study was to investigate the prevalence of food insecurity in the northern region of Burkina Faso after many years of implementation of water and soil conservation techniques. A survey was carried out in six villages in the Northern...

Author(s): Sita Sanou, Augustine Ayantunde and Aimé Joseph Nianogo  

October 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Strategic planning of regional oil-and-fat subcomplex of Russia

The purpose of the work is to analyze the trends in the development of the oil-and-fat subcomplex as one of the most important components of the agribusiness of the Russian Federation, and state policy in the strategic planning in this sphere. The materials of the United States Department of Agriculture, the State Statistics Service and the Ministry of Agriculture of the Russian Federation served as the information...

Author(s): Mikhail O. Sinegovsky and Anastasia A. Malashonok  

October 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Evaluation of diazotrophic bacteria from rice varieties (Oryza sativa L.) grown in Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil

The indiscriminate application of nitrogen fertilizer in order to increase rice crop productivity contributes to environmental degradation. One of the possible alternatives to ease up this problem is the use of sustainable and cost-effective technologies such as biofertilizers to promote plant growth. This work aimed to isolate, characterize and select diazotrophic bacteria associated with rice cultivars EPAGRI-109 and...

Author(s): Esdras da Silva, Mayan Blanc Amaral, Katia Regina dos Santos Teixeira and Vera Lucia Divan Baldani  

October 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Agricultural productivity, land use and draught animal power formula derived from mixed crop-livestock systems in Southwestern Ethiopia

The interaction of agricultural land cover area between land use systems and level of household income was identified. The annual cropland area was significantly higher than the natural pastureland and perennial cropland. The difference in household income earned was not significant between the annual crop and livestock. Such a difference however is not surprising because smallholder land system is a dual asset, and...

Author(s): Asrat Guja Amejo, Yoseph Mekasha Gebere, Habtemariam Kassa and Tamado Tana  

October 2018

African Journal of Biotechnology
Phenotypic and genotypic characteristics of cowpea rhizobia from soils of Ethiopia

Phenotypic and genotypic characteristics of cowpea rhizobia indigenous to soils of Ethiopia are unknown. Forty indigenous cowpea rhizobial isolates were collected from cowpea-growing areas of the country and were characterized for their growth and genetic properties. Based on their cultural characteristics, the isolates were categorized into fast (FG), slow (SG), and extraslow-growings (ESG). The FG, SG, and ESG...

Author(s): Girmaye Kenasa, Fassil Assefa and Mussie Y. Habteselassie  

October 2018

International Journal of Physical Sciences
Quantification and correction of the Thomsen’s Delta Anisotropy for improved quantitative seismic interpretation in “AMFO” Field, Western Niger Delta

The Niger Delta is a sedimentary deposit with continuing sediment deposition to date. In a stratified earth, seismic waves tend to propagate faster along layers than across layer boundaries. Shales, due to the clay minerals they contain, exhibit similar behavior. As a result, velocities derived from surface seismic are often faster than well-derived velocities, causing depths of structures from surface seismic...

Author(s): Ogagarue D. O. and Ebeniro J. O.  

October 2018

Scientific Research and Essays
Honey activity on the proliferation and migration of oral squamous cell carcinoma: In vitro and bioinformatic analysis

This study aimed to investigate, in oral squamous carcinoma cells (OSCC), the  antineoplastic effect of Apis mellifera honey produced from Aroeira and wildflower, in the region of Jequitinhonha River Valley, Brazil. Furthermore, we investigate the molecular mechanism of honey performance through bioinformatic analysis. Honey and OSCC-related gene list were screened using GeneCards. The online tool STRING was used...

Author(s): Eliane Macedo Sobrinho Santos, Hércules Otacílio Santos, Juliana Rezende Sá Miranda Gonçalves, Anna Christina Almeida, Igor Viana Brandi, Alex Sander Rodrigues Cangussu, Janainne Nunes Alves, Sabrina Ferreira de Jesus, Ricardo Jardim Neiva, Kattyanne de Souza Costa, André Luiz Sena Guimarães and Lucyana Conceição Farias  

October 2018

African Journal of Business Management
Performance, financing decisions and corporate governance of Italian medium and large private family firms

This empirical study examines the relationship between financing decisions and corporate governance on the one side and firm performance on the other, concerning Italian large and medium private family firms. Tax-aggressive practices are not used to avoid a deprivation of socioemotional wealth, in terms of diminished reputation, caused by a possible tax-related lawsuit. Due to the low risk perception and most likely the...

Author(s): Oscar Domenichelli  

October 2018

African Journal of Business Management
Assessing the extent of compliance with IAS 41 by agricultural entities in Southern Malawi

The paper assesses the extent to which Malawian agricultural entities are complying with recognition and measurement requirements of IAS 41-Agriculture, for their agricultural produce and biological assets. The purpose of the paper is to investigate the extent to which Malawian agricultural entities are using the fair value accounting model proposed in IAS 41 for measuring their agricultural produce and biological...

Author(s): Nelson Ndala  

October 2018

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Detection of Escherichia coli and total microbial population in River Siran water of Pakistan using Emb and Tpc agar

There is an increased ratio of gastrointestinal diseases in the area of Mansehra, Pakistan, which depends on the Siran River for drinking. These diseases drew our attention to analyze the microbial population. For detection of Escherichia coli and other microbial population, samples were collected from different regions of Mansehra, Pakistan. Two samples were collected from each site for proper detection of...

Author(s): Sahibzada Waheed Abdullah, Sahibzadi Aalia Gul, Sana Farheen, Tayba kibrea, Adila Saleem, Sahibzadi Sana Gul and Umair Ahmad

October 2018

Educational Research and Reviews
An appraisal of needs and access of in-service education and training for teachers in basic ‘Schools for the Deaf’ in Ghana

Teachers like all other professionals need to undergo continuous professional development through in-service training to upgrade their skills and the competencies in the profession. This paper examined the availability of in-service training to teachers of the deaf in Ghana as well as the requirements for the provision of in-service education. To achieve this, ninety-four teachers and four administrators from the...

Author(s): Cecilia Alimatu Issaka        

October 2018

Educational Research and Reviews
Investigation of prospective Math teachers’ perceptions about the use of technology in mathematics teaching

This study aims to examine whether there are significant differences in the perception of prospective Mathematics teachers about the use of technology in teaching mathematics based on their gender and grade level.  The study group is consisted of 271 prospective elementary mathematics teachers studying at Balıkesir University and selected by means of a simple random sampling method. Data were gathered using the...

Author(s): Emine Özdemir

October 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Launching a Startup Business in the Agribusiness Market: The Process of becoming a Successful Entrepreneur

Last December 2017, Prof. Marisa del Pozo Lite (Complutense University of Madrid) was invited to give a session as member of the International Advisory Board of CEIBS-Africa to a group of 40 African Business Women in the Agribusiness Market – as part of the Alumni Reunion Agenda of CEIBS-Africa Program held at Harvard University in 2017. Getting a venture underway in the agribusiness market is often easier...

Author(s): Maria Luisa del Pozo Lite

October 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Effect of soil compaction on aerial and root growth of Erythrina velutina Willd.

Compaction can be a triggering factor for a process of soil degradation and formation of degraded areas. Understanding plant development in soils compacted is of fundamental importance, since they allow to identify species able to resist the limiting condition of the compaction, being able to be indicated to recover degraded areas that have compacted soils as limiting factor. The objective of this study was to evaluate...

Author(s): Luan Henrique Barbosa de Araújo, Gualter Guenter Costa da Silva, Camila Costa da Nóbrega and Ermelinda Maria Mota Oliveira  

October 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Application of cow manure and inorganic fertilizer in one season and carryover of effects in sesame on tropical ferruginous soils

The aim of this research was to find whether Sesamum radiatum growth requires cow manure and nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium (NPK) fertilizers. We examined the survey vegetable over two growing seasons on ferruginous soil: from June to December in 2009 (Season 1) and 2010 (Season 2). We used cow manure (0, 20, 30 and 40 t.ha-1) and NPK 10:10:20 (0, 50, 100 and 150 kg.ha-1) during season 1 and no amendments during season 2...

Author(s): D. R. A. Sanya, and  L. G. Amadji,  

October 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Impact of companion cropping on incidence and severity of maize ear rots and mycotoxins in Western Kenya

Mycotoxins are harmful to health and mainly arise from ear rots, affecting maize in the field. This work analysed the effect of the cropping system on ear rot and final effect on mycotoxins from four sub-counties (districts) of western Kenya, Butere, Kisumu, Siaya and Vihiga, where plots comprising maize planted either as pure stand or in mixture with legumes, predominantly common bean treated as “Maize...

Author(s): Maxwell J. Owuor, , Charles A. O. Midega, Meshack Obonyo and Zeyaur R. Khan  

October 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Control of broadleave and grass weeds in Saccharum officinarum with the use of pre-emergence herbicides

In order to identify combinations of effective preemergent herbicides for weeds in sugarcane, an experiment was conducted at the Agricultural School of Concepción; Concepción, Paraguay. The experimental model was subdivided plots, with two factors: A1 without herbicide for broadleaf weeds, A2 diuron (dose 3 t ha-1), A3 atrazine (dose 4 kg ha-1), A4 sulfentrazone (dose 1.2 t ha-1) and B1 without herbicide...

Author(s): Amilcar Isidro Servín Niz, Carlos Alberto Mongelós Barrios, Modesto Osmar Da Silva Oviedo, Miguel Angel Florentín Rolón, Oscar Luis Caballero Casuriaga, Florencio David Valdez Ocampo and Javier Ismael Benítez Vergara  

October 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Distribution of rainwater by species of caatinga vegetation

This study aimed to estimate the redistribution of rainfall in a Caatinga vegetation fragment of about 50 years in fallow system, in late stage of regeneration. To quantify the throughfall, rainfall collectors were installed in six individuals of the species Croton blanchetianus, Mimosa tenuiflora, Cnidoscolus quercifolius, Aspidosperma pyrifolium and Poincianella bracteosa, totaling 30 rainfall collectors. For the...

Author(s): Ane Cristine Fortes da Silva, Jacob Silva Souto, José Augusto da Silva Santana, Patricia Carneiro Souto and José Adeilson Medeiros do Nascimento  

October 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Comparison of Grafting Techniques and their Effects on some Growth Parameters of Ten Elite Cocoa Clones (Theobroma cacao L.)

Cocoa productivity in Côte d’Ivoire has been on a downward trend for the last decades due to many factors key among them being the non-availability of quality planting materials. However, some elite clones developed in the country are available and need to be adopted by farmers. This study was conducted in Soubré, Côte d’Ivoire to evaluate the grafting techniques (top grafting and budding)...

Author(s): Kouassi Koffi Daouda, N’Zi Jean-Claude, Kahia Jane, Diby Lucien, Kouassi Jean-Luc, Bene Kouadio and Kouamé Christophe  

October 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Gas exchange and chlorophyll content in tomato grown under different organic fertilizers and biofertilizer doses

The correct management of organic fertilization has been shown as an extremely viable alternative in the production of vegetables, providing high yields concomitant to the reduction of synthetic fertilizers. The improvement of the production can be interpreted by the physiological behavior, favored by the organic fertilization with the supply of nutrients. Thus, an experiment was carried out to evaluate the gas exchange...

Author(s): Jackson de Mesquita Alves, Alex Serafim de Lima, Evandro Franklin de Mesquita, Sebastião de Oliveira Maia Júnior, Rosinaldo de Sousa Ferreira, Francisca Lacerda da Silva and Jessica da Mota Santos  

October 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Mechanical harvest methods efficiency and its impacts on quality of narrow row cotton

The large scale cultivation of cotton in the Cerrado areas was made possible by large investments in technology, particularly in mechanized harvesting, which makes the business viable. However, the use of harvesters causes qualitative and quantitative losses to the final product, reducing the profitability of production. This study aimed to evaluate the fiber characteristics of narrow row cotton using harvesting Pro-12...

Author(s): Nayra Fernandes Aguero, Renildo Luiz Mion, Cíntia Michele Baraviera, Myllena Teixeira Martins, William Lima Crisostomo and Carlos Alberto Viliotti  

October 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Nutritive value and degradability “in situ” of dry matter elephant grass silages with addition of babassu meal

The goal of this study was to evaluate the nutritive value and the in situ degradability of elephant grass (Pennisetum purpureum Schum) silages with addition of babassu meal (BaM). PVC silos with 0.25 m in diameter and 0.75 m in height were used. It was done by adopting a compression of 550 kg/m3 in a completely randomized design with five repetitions. It was found that increasing linear effect (P< 0.05) on the...

Author(s): Ricardo Alves de Araújo, Rosane Cláudia Rodrigues, Clésio dos Santos Costa, Francisco Naysson Sousa Santos, Carlos Magno Lima Galvão, Francivaldo Oliveira Costa, Ivone Rodrigues da Silva and Sanayra da Silva Mendes    

October 2018

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Antiviral effect of the seaweed Osmundaria obtusiloba against the Zika virus

Zika virus (ZIKV), a mosquito-borne member of the family Flaviviridae, is a human pathogen of global significance. Recently, ZIKV, has become a public health problem with increases in numbers of cases and a strong association between ZIKV outbreaks and the spread of cases of Guillain-Barré Syndrome and microcephaly. In this study, the extracts of the seaweed Osmundaria obtusiloba (O. obtusiloba) (native to the...

Author(s): Claudio Cesar Cirne-Santos, Caroline de Souza Barros, , Caio Cesar Richter Nogueira, Leonardo dos Santos Corrêa Amorim, Renata de Mendonça Campos, Norman Arthur Ratcliffe, Valeria Laneuville Teixeira, Davis Fernandes Ferreira and Izabel Christina Nunes de Palmer Paixão  

October 2018

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Malaria parasite clearance rate of crude methanol extract of Cryptolepis sanguinolenta in mice infected with chloroquine sensitive strain of Plasmodium berghei

This study aims to determine the malaria parasite clearance rate of crude methanol extract of Cryptolepis sanguinolenta in mice infected with chloroquine sensitive strain of Plasmodium berghei. P. berghei was injected in mice and left for 3 days for establishment. Blood sample collected and diluted with phosphate buffer saline was used for infection. Five (5) groups of animals (mice) were used in this study each...

Author(s): Eze, Chinelo C., Attama, Anthony A., Ibezim, Emmanuel C., Berebon, Dinebari P. and Agbo, Martina C.

October 2018

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Chemical composition, oviposition deterrent and larvicidal activities of the wood extracts of Tabebuia avellanedae from the Cerrado of Brazil

Tabebuia avellanedae is an important timber source belonging to the family of Bignoniaceae. The latter is known for its richness in terms of variety of bioactive chemical constituents, and it has been used in folk medicine for treatment of various diseases. The aim of this work was to investigate the chemical composition, oviposition deterrent and larvicidal activities of the wood extracts of T. avellanedae from the...

Author(s): Jaqueline Cibene Moreira Borges, Eder Alves Pereira e Silva, Tarcísio Castro Alves de Barros, Ilsamar Mendes Soares, Sérgio Donizeti Ascêncio, Rodrigo Ribeiro Fidelis and Raimundo Wagner de Souza Aguiar  

October 2018

African Journal of Biotechnology
Propolis as natural additive: A systematic review

Propolis extract is a resin collected by the bees and contains numerous active substances with a recognized pharmaceutical potential use. The aim of this study was to conduct a systematic review of studies with the use of propolis as a food additive and the microencapsulation technology for incorporation of the product in food. Studies in Portuguese, English and Spanish were identified from online databases, Lilacs,...

Author(s): Marly Silveira Santos, Maria Leticia Miranda Fernandes Estevinho, Carlos Alfredo Lopes de Carvalho, Karina Teixeira Magalhães-Guedes, Rosane Freitas Schwan and Rogeria Comastri de Castro Almeida

October 2018

African Journal of Biotechnology
Anti-diabetic and some haematological effects of aqueous and ethanol leaf extract of Eriosema psoraleoides in alloxan-induced diabetic Wistar rats

This study investigates the anti-diabetic and some hematological effects of aqueous and ethanol leaf extracts of Eriosema psoraleoides in alloxan-induced diabetic Wistar rats. Forty-eight albino mice were used for the lethal dose (LD50) study, while twenty-eight Wistar rats were used for the diabetic and haematological study. The result of the phytochemical analysis shows some important phytochemicals that could confer...

Author(s): Nduka, Florence O., Ogugua, Victor N., Joshua, Packer E., Okpachi, Victor E., Gometi, Sandra A. and Nwigwe, Juliet O.  

October 2018

African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
Physician prescription practice of antibiotics for upper respiratory tract infection at Kilimanjaro Christian Medical Centre Moshi, Tanzania

Upper respiratory tract infection occurs commonly in both children and adults and is a major cause of morbidity worldwide. Inappropriate antibiotic prescription for upper respiratory tract infections is associated with increasing antibiotic resistance, healthcare costs, adverse events, and poor patient outcomes. The objective of this study was to determine physician prescription practices of antibiotics for upper...

Author(s): Aisha Mavura, Geofrey N Sigalla, Florida Muro, Rosemary Malya,, Petro P. Nambunga, Noel Sam and Debora C. Kajeguka  

October 2018

African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
Simple bioanalytical method development and validation of micronised Domperidone 20 mg tablets using LCMS-MS and its pharmacokinetic application in Healthy Indian Volunteers

The current investigation deals with an validated Liquid chromatography–mass spectrometry/mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) analytical method for the quantification of micronised domperidone in plasma of human volunteers. The validation of LC-MS/MS method was accomplished by evaluating the inter-day and intra-day precision and accuracy in a linear concentration range of 3.33-100 ng/ml. The entire study was an attempt...

Author(s): Mohi Iqbal Mohammed Abdul, Sabahuddin Siddique, Syed Ata Ur Rahman, Durdana Lateef, Shubhasis Dan and Anirbandeep Bose  

October 2018

African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
Synthesis, characterization, and anticancer activity against human breast cancer cell-line T47D studies of metal ion Cu(II) complex with 2,4,5-triphenylimidazole ligand

The complex of metal ion Cu(II) with the ligand 2,4,5-trifenilimidazol has been successfully synthesized with mole ratio of metal and ligand 1:2 in N,N-dimethylformamide as a solvent. Complex synthesis results obtained green light crystalline solid. Complex absorbs UV-Vis light at 529 nm. Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) characterization results indicate occurrence of bonding of metals and ligand that is Cu-N in region...

Author(s): Teguh Hari Sucipto, Harsasi Setyawati, Irmina Kris Murwani and Fahimah Martak  

October 2018

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Antimicrobial, antiparasitic and antiproliferative effects of the extract of Bacillus safensis SG-32 isolated from a Brazilian oil reservoir

Strains previously isolated from offshore oil reservoirs in Campos Basin (RJ, Brazil) and Potiguar Basin (RN, Brazil) were tested for production of antimicrobial compounds. Sixteen bacteria produced compounds with antimicrobial activity. The strain chosen for further study was Bacillus safensis SG-32 based on its ability to inhibit 76% of the strains tested. The bacterium was grown in Marine Broth (MB) and the hexane...

Author(s): Tiago Rodrigues e Silva, Eugenio Vaz dos Santos Neto, Ana Lucia Tasca Goiz Ruiz, Mary Ann Foglio, Caio Haddad Franco, Carolina Borsoi Moraes and Valéria Maia de Oliveira  

October 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
A review of the evaluation of irrigation practice in Nigeria: Past, present and future prospects

Irrigation practice across the world is vital to successful green revolution all year round to achieving sustainable development goals in food security, socio-economic and rural development. However, irrigation practice in Nigeria has not achieved the set goals despite the huge investment involved. Moreover, the level of investment and abundant water resources ought to have expedited the goals of food self-sufficiency...

Author(s): Bashir Adelodun and Kyung-Sook Choi  

October 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Corynespora leaf fall of Hevea brasilensis: Challenges and prospect

Hevea brasiliensis is the major source of natural rubber. Natural rubber being a unique biopolymer of strategic importance needs to be continuously well managed and protected against biotic damages. Many rubber producing countries include South East Asia, Africa and Latin America among others. Corynespora leaf fall caused by Corynespora cassiicola is currently considered as the most destructive leaf disease of Hevea...

Author(s): Umoh Florence and Fashoranti Ebenezer L.  

October 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Occurrence of plant bacterial diseases in Jordan

Different studies were done in order to investigate the occurrence of bacterial diseases on different crops grown in Jordan during different growing seasons. Surveys were made and different bacterial diseases have been recorded based on symptoms and pathogenic nature. Morphological characters, biochemical tests and PCR detections were employed in order to detect and identify the causal agents of different inspected...

Author(s): Hamed Khlaif, Ibtihal Abu-Obeid and Bilal Werikat

October 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Management of Dinoderus porcellus L. (Coleoptera: Bostrichidae) infesting yam chips using varietal resistance and botanical powders of three medicinal plants

In Benin, stored yam chips are severely attacked by Dinoderus porcellus Lesne which causes important losses. The use of medicinal plants combined with the insect-resistant yam chips can be an efficient alternative of chemical insecticides for yam chips protection. This study aims to evaluate an integrated pest management of D. porcellus using combined effects of resistant yam chips (Boniwouré, Gaboubaba,...

Author(s): Loko Yêyinou Laura Estelle, Gnaho Annick Christelle, Toffa Joelle, Orobiyi Azize, Dansi Alexandre and Tamò Manuele  

October 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
The Production and prediction of major chinese agricultural fruits using an econometric analysis and machine learning technique

This paper investigates and explores the relationship between agricultural gross domestic product (AGDP) and major fruit output: apple, citrus, pears, grapes and bananas in China. The ordinary least square (OLS) method and the augmented Dickey-Fuller (ADF) test were used to analyze the data, and the Johansen co-integration test was used to interpret the results. The machine learning technique was used to examine and to...

Author(s): Abdul Rehman, Zhang Deyuan and Luan Jingdong  

October 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Prevalence, cultural and pathogenic characterization of Zymoseptoria tritici, agent of wheat septoria leaf blotch, in Algeria

Wheat is the 2nd most important culture in the world.  Septoria leaf blotch is one of the most important wheat diseases. It is caused by Mycosphaerella graminicola (an: Zymoseptoria tritici). The aim of this study is to evaluate the presence and the importance of this disease in Algeria. A collection of 625 isolates was made through the years (2010, 2011, and 2013). Isolates were collected from the Algerian zones...

Author(s): Wahiba HARRAT, and Zouaoui BOUZNAD  

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