Articles

 

Articles

Page 7 of 1151, showing 50 records out of 57545 total, starting on record 301, ending on 350

December 2018

African Journal of Plant Science
Review on effect of population density and tuber size on yield components and yield of potato (Solanum tuberosum L.)

Population density and seed tuber is an important agronomic management practices in the production of potato (Solanum tuberosum L.). However, potato farmers in Ethiopia often use random population density and tuber sizes, which contribute to the low yield of the crop. Thus the objective of this study is to review effect of population density and tuber size on yield components and yield of potato. The result of this...

Author(s): Semira Nasir and Bikila Akassa  

December 2018

African Journal of Plant Science
Effect of genotype and environment on grain quality of sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L. Moench) lines evaluated in Kenya

Grain sorghum (Sorghum bicolor) has a great potential for use as food and beverage in developing countries. However, information regarding the effect of the agro-ecological environments on the grain quality attributes of selected sorghum lines desirable for malting and brewing and for baking in Kenya, is lacking. The experiments of this study were conducted at different environmental locations in Kisumu, Siaya and Busia...

Author(s): Njuguna V. W., Cheruiyot E. K., Mwonga S. and Rono J. K.  

December 2018

African Journal of Plant Science
Nitrogen release dynamics of Erythrina abyssinica and Erythrina brucei litters as influenced by their biochemical composition

Litter mineralization is a crucial process in providing nutrients through decomposition to plants, which also depends in the biochemical composition of the litter and soil properties as well. Decomposition rate of Erythrina abyssinica and Erythrina brucei in Luvisol was investigated in relation to their nutrient release dynamics such as NH4+-N and NO3--N in relation to their initial concentrations of lignin, acid...

Author(s): Abebe Abay  

December 2018

Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics
Factors affecting performance of youth and women’s agricultural cooperatives: A case of some selected cooperative societies in Eastern Cape, South Africa

Rural youth and women are the major victims of poverty caused by deprivation. As a group, they lack access to land, financial capital and participation in decision processes in the family and community levels. One way of overcoming this challenge is through the formation of cooperative societies. As cooperative societies are saddled with the responsibility of providing needs to their members and enhance the quality of...

Author(s): Mzuyanda Christian, Tina Hans and Lungile Gidi  

December 2018

African Journal of Plant Science
Effects of waterlogging on growth, biomass and antioxidant enzymes on upper ground and roots of two peony cultivars

Tree peony (Paeonia suffruticosa Andr.) is a perennial deciduous shrub with ornamental and medicinal value. Waterlogging stress is an agricultural problem for peony in Jiangnan of China. This study investigated the growth, biomass, cell membrane permeability and antioxidant enzymes of two P. suffruticosa cultivars ‘Feng Dan Bai (FDB)’ and ‘MingXing (MX)’. The response of roots and upper ground to...

Author(s): Xiangtao Zhu, Wen Ji, Erman Hong, Yufei Cheng, Xin Lin, Haojie Shi, Xueqin Li and Song Heng Jin

December 2018

Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics
Determinants of food insecurity among rural households of South Western Ethiopia

This study seeks to determine households’ determinants of food insecurity among rural households in Woliso district, South Western Ethiopia. The main objective of this study is to identify factors influencing food insecurity in the study area. The study used household-level survey data collected from 122 sample households in Woliso district, and systematic random sampling technique was employed to select the...

Author(s): Mebratu Negera Feyisa  

December 2018

African Journal of Plant Science
Effect of Electrocultre on seed germination and growth of Raphanus sativus (L)

Experiments were carried out to study the effect of electricity on the seed germination and growth of the Raphanus sativus. For the experiment, twelve pots were grouped into four sets, each containing three pots. In each pot, 20 seeds were sowed. While keeping all the parameters constant 3V, 6V and 9V electricity was supplied for 10 min daily to three groups only, while one set of three pots were not supplied with the...

Author(s): Mukundraj B. Patil

December 2018

Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science
Curauá genetic diversity in germplasm banks and natural populations

Ananas comosus var. erectifolius (L. B. Sm.) Coppens & F. Leal, populary known as curauá, is a bromeliaceae, found in the Amazonian flora. It is of great commercial interest, mostly for the automobile industry. Despite the curauá’s potential, little has been done to conserve its germplasm. For this, it’s necessary to know its genetic variability. An efficient way of knowing it is to use...

Author(s): Osmar Alves Lameira, Marcos Aparecido Gimenes, Raphael Lobato Prado Neves, Maria do Socorro Padilha de Oliveira, Simone de Miranda Rodrigues, Luiz Fernandes Silva Dionisio and Maria Rosa Travassos da Rosa Costa  

December 2018

International Journal of Educational Administration and Policy Studies
An evaluation of shared governance in public universities in Kenya: Students lens

Shared governance is an ideal form of Institutional governance providing all stakeholders with opportunity to participate, fostering acceptance of decisions and effectiveness of organization. This paper evaluates the current state of shared governance as the ideal form of Institutional Governance in public Universities, in line with the provisions of the individual University Statutes drawn from the University Act 2012....

Author(s): Asesa Amondi Edna Aluoch  

December 2018

International Journal of Educational Administration and Policy Studies
Utilization of Free Primary Education Funds in Public Primary Schools in Kenya: Exploring Administrative Antecedents

The purpose of this study was to investigate the administrative antecedents influencing the utilization of Free Primary Education funds in public primary schools within Nakuru Municipality, Kenya. The study adopted a descriptive survey research design and used a study population comprising of head teachers, chairmen of the school management committees of public primary schools and teachers. A sample size of 52 public...

Author(s): Linnet Beldina Ayako Namai  

December 2018

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
Module parameter extraction and simulation with LTSpice software model in sub-Saharan outdoor conditions

In this work, a hybrid algorithm of Levenberg-Marquardt and empiric analytic method is proposed to solve the recurring convergence problem that occurs during the module parameters extraction with the iterative method. The proposed method aims to avoid divergence and a long computation time due to the improper initial value. Elsewhere, LTSpice photovoltaic cell model is developed to simulate the extracted parameters in...

Author(s): N’Detigma Kata, Djicknoum Diouf, Y. M. Soro, Arouna Darga and Amadou Seidou Maiga

December 2018

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
Study by numerical simulation of a PN solar cell in 3C-SiC / Si

The optimization of the solar cell includes the study of the influence of parameters such as cell thickness, doping levels and profiles, contact configuration and optical confinement on the output to obtain a structure leading to the best performance. The optimal parameters depend on the structure of the solar cell, the quality of the substrate material (lifetime, mobility), the quality of the ohmic contacts, the speed...

Author(s): M. Toure, B. Berenguier, D. Kobor, L. Ottaviani and M. Pasquinelli

December 2018

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology
The association between sugary food and drinks intake and the risk of stroke mortality in the adventist health study-2

A high consumption of added sugar has been associated with several cardiovascular risk factors, including obesity, type 2 diabetes mellitus and dyslipidemia. The main goal was to assess the association of sugary food and drink intake on the risk of stroke mortality. The Adventist Health Study-2 (AHS-2) is a prospective study with approximately 96,000 participants from the United States and Canada.  Subjects were...

Author(s): Alsanussi Elsherif, Raymond Knutsen, Lawrence W. Beeson, Keiji Oda, Sujatha Rajaram, David Shavlik, Gary E. Fraser and Synnove Knutsen  

December 2018

Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health
Strategies for animal disease control in Ethiopia: A review of policies, regulations and actors

Ethiopia has the largest livestock population in Africa, making a considerable contribution to the livelihood of Ethiopian people and to the wider economy. However, zoonotic diseases threaten the performance and potential benefits of this vast livestock sector. Emerging zoonotic diseases, such as bovine tuberculosis, brucellosis and anthrax that have acquired global significance seriously affect the livestock sector in...

Author(s): Adam Bekele, Dawit Alemu, Tilaye Teklewold, Henrietta L. Moore, Catherine Hodge and Stefan Berg

December 2018

Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health
Study on prevalence and associated risk factors of mange mite infestations in cattle in Damot Woyde District, Wolaita Zone, Southern Ethiopia

A cross sectional study was conducted from October 2017 to April 2018 in Damot Woyde District of Wolayta Zone to estimate the prevalence of mange mite infestation in cattle and identify the associated risk factors. Out of 375 animals examined, 41 (10.9%) were found positive for mange mite infestations. No statistically significant difference was noted among sex, age, breed and management categories (p>0.05); however,...

Author(s): Sitotaw Kolato Koche, Gemechu Chala Hunderra and Aynalem Mandefro Getahun  

December 2018

International Journal of Nursing and Midwifery
Determinants of antenatal care booking among pregnant women in selected hospitals in Embu county, Kenya

In Embu County, pregnant mothers begin attending antenatal care (ANC) clinics late in third trimester. According to World Health Organization (WHO) guidelines, pregnant mothers should start their ANC in the first trimester before sixteen weeks of gestation. The study sought to determine factors associated with late booking of the visits. The specific objective were to find out how past pregnancy experience,...

Author(s): Joshua Omwenga Boraya, Caroline Githae and Titus Atandi  

December 2018

Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health Sciences
Potential human risk of dissolved heavy metals in gold mine waters of Gauteng Province, South Africa

This paper evaluates the potential health risks from dissolved heavy metals in water sources around a gold mining area in the Gauteng Province of South Africa. In this study, 29 samples of water were collected around a gold mining area and were analyzed for Arsenic (As), Lead (Pb), Mercury (Hg), Cadmium (Cd), Chromium (Cr), Copper (Cu), Zinc (Zn), Cobalt (Co) and Nickel (Ni) using Inductively Coupled Plasma-Mass...

Author(s): C. Kamunda, M. Mathuthu and M. Madhuku  

December 2018

Journal of Chemical Engineering and Materials Science
Thermal life of space Elevators

Since the introduction of space elevators by Tsiolkovsky in 1895, many researchers, engineers, and designers stepped forward to suggest theories for the construction of space elevators. Based on the investigations made by many authors for building space elevators, Earth-to-space, Lunar space, and Mars-to-space elevators can contribute for future space exploration and colonization. In the presented study, the aim is to...

Author(s): Ali Anvari  

December 2018

Journal of Petroleum and Gas Engineering
Effect of extended heavier hydrocarbon fraction (Cn+) composition on optimum surface separation pressure and temperature

Hydrocarbon fluids are made up of defined components which include N2, CO2, H2S, C1, C2, C3, iC4, iC5, and C6  and undefined components known as heavier fractions (Cn+) which include paraffinic, naftenic and aromatic compounds. The hydrocarbons are separated on the surface before they are sent to the market. There are several factors affecting the hydrocarbons surface separation condition which include; pressure,...

Author(s): Juvêncio Armando Massinguil, Luís Helder Lucas and Pål Skalle  

December 2018

Journal of Philosophy and Culture
Seeing Foucault’s theory through African lenses: The discourse on sex, gender and power

The paradigm of male domination exemplified by the social relations between the sexes is structured in a way that men dominate and women submit. As such, these socio cultural relations presuppose a dyadic conception of domination in which women are subject to men. If men are domineering and women are docile, then it is  contradictory to say women have power.  However, in line with Foucault’s idea on...

Author(s): Oni Peter  

December 2018

Journal of Philosophy and Culture
The feasibility of self-reliancism as a foundation for democracy

In popular discourse, democracy often centres on concepts such as liberty, equality, consent, choice, rule of law, participation, accountability, transparency, etc. This popular rendition, more often than not, excludes the notion of self-reliancism. This study argues that the exclusion of this notion weakens the etymological foundation of democracy as government by the people and undermines the development of an...

Author(s): Usifoh Eric Eromosele

December 2018

Journal of Dryland Agriculture
Shallow groundwater condition for irrigation along dryland river basin, northwestern Nigeria

This study investigated shallow groundwater quality and yield for irrigation along Hadejia River Basin of Jigawa State in both the dry and rainy seasons of one year. Sites in the floodplain with a history of irrigation where the use of tube wells is dominant were selected covering a transect of about 135 km. Six transects, oriented perpendicular to the river channel were established within 1 km2 in each site. Three tube...

Author(s): Abubakar Ibrahim Tukur, Maharazu A. Yusuf, Emmanuel Ajayi Olofin, Adnan Abdulhamid  

December 2018

International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation
A preliminary study on species composition, relative abundance and distribution of bird species in Choke Mountains, East Gojjam, Ethiopia

Avian diversity is among the key components of the earth’s biodiversity. This study was conducted in Choke Mountains from January to April, 2018 to identify the diversity, relative abundance and distribution of avian fauna. Data were collected in three different habitats (natural forest, grazing and protected areas). The sampling areas were selected using stratified random sampling technique. Point count (for...

Author(s): Bewketu Takele and Bezawork Afework  

December 2018

International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation
Diversity of local varieties of banana and plantain cultivated in Benin

Banana and plantain are popular fruits considered as major staple foods, and provide significant income to farming communities. A handicap to their development and production remains access to quality suckers. However, their diversity is still unknown in Benin. To assess the knowledge on the diversity of local varieties of both dessert banana and plantain at the community level, ethnobotanical surveys were undertaken...

Author(s): Marcellin FAÏNOU, Eben-Ezer B. K. EWEDJE, Kifouli ADEOTI,#, Gustave L. DJEDATIN, Antoine AFFOKPON, Farid BABA-MOUSSA and Fatiou TOUKOUROU

December 2018

International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation
An evaluation of the effectiveness of the co-management approach in selected protected areas of Bangladesh

This study undertook a qualitative approach to evaluate the perceptions and attitudes of stakeholders towards the effectiveness of planning and management, in three protected areas in Bangladesh. A complex socio-economic context was revealed, within which there were diverse views leading, in some cases, to ongoing conflict and difficulty in law enforcement. While the co-management approach in theory takes the interests...

Author(s): Salma Ahmed and Debbie Bartlett  

December 2018

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology
Risky sexual behaviors and associated factors among preparatory school students in Arba Minch town, Southern Ethiopia

There is growing evidence suggesting that young people in school are practicing risky sexual behaviors. Ethiopian people aged 10 to 24 years have emerged as the segments of the population most vulnerable to a broad spectrum of serious sexual health problems. Therefore, the main aim of this study was to assess risky sexual behaviors and associated factors among preparatory school students in Arba Minch, Southern...

Author(s): Abera Mersha, Kedir Teji, Rasha Darghawth, Woiynshet Gebretsadik, Shitaye Shibiru, Agegnehu Bante, Tilahun Worku, Adanech Merdekios, Alemu Kassaye, Asegahegn Girma, Brehan Goitom and Natinael Abayneh  

December 2018

Journal of Petroleum Technology and Alternative Fuels
Fatty acid profile and quality parameters of Ceiba pentandra (L.) seed oil: A potential source of biodiesel

The probable depletion of fossil energy resources has led the international scientific community to direct research towards biofuels, including vegetable oils. Benin has a rich biodiversity with multiple oilseed species, potential sources of biofuels. Among these, Ceiba pentandra was identified and selected for a detailed study of its unconventional vegetable oil. In this order of idea, the harvested seeds were dried in...

Author(s): Papin Sourou MONTCHO, Léopold TCHIAKPE, Guevara NONVIHO, Fifa Théomaine Diane BOTHON, Assou SIDOHOUNDE, Cokou Pascal AGBANGNAN DOSSA, David BESSIERES, Anna CHROSTOWSKA and Dominique Codjo Koko SOHOUNHLOUE  

December 2018

International Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences
Cystatin C protection of human umbilical vein endothelial cell against oxidative stress injury through activating autophagy

Cystatin C (CysC)-induced autophagy may play a beneficial role in preventing subarachnoid hemorrhage-induced cerebral vasospasm. The role of CysC in endothelial cells (ECs) autophagy is unknown. This study explores the role of CysC during the process of oxidative stress in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). Oxidized LDL (oxLDL) was used to stimulate HUVECs in vitro study. The lactate dehydrogenase (LDH)...

Author(s): Wenjing Fan, Wenyi Deng, Tingting Tang, Yuning Zhu, Chi Zhang, Zhisheng Jiang and Shunlin Qu  

December 2018

International Journal of English and Literature
The Magnificence of Arabic: Orwa ibn Al-Ward an Epitome

Orwa ibn Al-Ward is one of the greatest knights, heroes and poets who presented elegant pictures of Arabs before Islam by word and deed. In this literary article, the researcher attempts to probe the depth of the poetry of Orwa ibn Al-Ward as an instance of the greatness of Arabic poetic language as well as being a symbol of dignity, hospitality, generosity, manliness and sacrifice. Orwa ibn Al-Ward deserves a literary...

Author(s): Yahya Saleh Hasan Dahami  

December 2018

Journal of Engineering and Technology Research
Comparison of bioremediation capabilities of poultry droppings and avocado pear seed cake in petroleum polluted soil

A crude oil polluted soil remediation was investigated using a mixture of avocado pear seed cake and poultry droppings. The seed cake was obtained through the Soxhlet method by extracting the oil from the pear seed. The experiment was carried out within a span of two months. Contamination was done by applying crude oil on 10 experimental reactors containing agricultural soil. The therapeutic treatment was then applied...

Author(s): Olatunji O. M., Horsfall I. T. and Ekiyor T. H.  

December 2018

Journal of Cancer Research and Experimental Oncology
Human natural killer (NK) cell activation by luteolin from Brucea javanica leaves

There is growing interest in using natural substances from plants to potentially enhance anticancer activity. A key target in this respect is natural killer (NK) cells in order to generate an anticancer-immune response. Luteolin used in this study was derived from a local plant Brucea javanica leaves extract; through a bioassay-guided fractionation. The expression of interleukin-2 (IL-2) and interferon-γ...

Author(s): Norzila Ismail, Hasmah Abdullah, Veronique Seidel and Dino Rotondo  

December 2018

Journal of Infectious Diseases and Immunity
Micafungin and caspofungin pharmacodynamics in patients with candidemia

Candidemia is an important cause of health care-associated bloodstream infections. Appropriate antifungal therapy is crucial to reduce morbidity and mortality. A previous randomized clinical trial compared the clinical effectiveness of caspofungin 50 mg, micafungin 100 mg (M100), and micafungin 150 mg (M150) in treating invasive candidiasis and candidemia. M100 treatment success was non-inferior to caspofungin, while...

Author(s): Rawan Kassar, Janis Chang, Jerome Schentag and Coleman Rotstein  

December 2018

Journal of Stored Products and Postharvest Research
Selection, characterization and identification of smokes from different biomass materials as a medium for modifying the atmosphere for stored grain

In developing countries, losses of stored grains due to insect pests are significant. Modified atmosphere (MA) storage is one of the strategies to minimize impact of the pests. This work aimed to identify a biomass material for generating smoke having high concentrations of CO and CO2 to create a MA in stored grains. Smokes from seven biomass were characterized in terms of CO, CO2, NO and O2 composition. Results showed...

Author(s): Yetenayet B. Tola, Obsuman D. Muleta and Werner C. Hofacker

December 2018

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology
Prevalence of hepatitis B virus, its risk factors and co-infection with human immune deficiency virus among clients of voluntary counseling and testing center in Hosanna, Southern Ethiopia

Hepatitis B infection (HBV) infection is a serious public health problem worldwide and its co-infection with human immune deficiency virus (HIV) is common due to shared routes of transmission. An increased mortality due to accelerated hepatic disease progression and the frequent hepatotoxicity caused by antiretroviral therapy are the challenges in the clinical management of HIV. Epidemiological studies on HBV and...

Author(s): Mekuria Asnakew Asfaw, Zeleke Hailemariam Abebo and Alemayehu Bekele Kassahun  

December 2018

Journal of AIDS and HIV Research
Relationship between adherence and health-related quality of life among HIV-patients in South Africa: findings and implications

Greater access to highly active antiretroviral treatment (HAART) has increased the survival of people living with HIV and AIDS (PLWHA), and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) has emerged as an important indicator of treatment outcomes. However, the success of HAART depends on consistent and optimum adherence. Various cross-sectional studies and few longitudinal studies identified the relationship between HRQoL and...

Author(s): Rajesh Vikram Vagiri, Johanna Catharina Meyer, Brian Godman,, and Andries Gustav Stephanus Gous  

December 2018

African Journal of History and Culture
Muslim settlement in a Christian environment in the city of Dolisie (Republic of Congo) from 1937 to 2007

Dolisie is the third largest city of Congo, located at the enterance of the Mayombe forest. This city became an urban center when, in 1933, the colonial administrator Blanchet set Chemin de Fer Congo-Océan (CFCO) in the center for the construction and management of the country’s main railways. At that time, Protestant and Catholic missionaries had settled there for a longtime. But at the end of the CFCO...

Author(s): Martin Pariss Vounou and Célestin Désiré Niama  

December 2018

African Journal of History and Culture
Revisiting the socio-economic implications of local-level political competition in Harena, Northern Ethiopia

In Harena, Northern Ethiopia, local-level political competition for the post of metehadaderi (governor) had twofold impacts. On one hand, it played a role in ensuring the right of every person to participate in the political process, usually exercised by supporting one of the village contenders. On the other hand, it was a cause for social and economic conflict within the community. In other words, it brought winners...

Author(s): Abraha Weldu Haile-Mariam

December 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
A glance at Mozambican dairy research

The Mozambican dairy industry landscape is not well known because the research about it presents numerous inconsistencies which are possibly due to miscommunication between scholars, entrepreneurs, the government and other actors, besides major events such as the civil war and policy changes and overall lack of coordination. This study aimed to catalog and relates the major studies and findings in Mozambican dairy...

Author(s): Edgar Cambaza,  

December 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Malt barley commercialization through contract farming scheme: A systematic review of experiences and prospects in Ethiopia

In Ethiopia, smallholder commercialization and integration into the market has been one of the policy directions. Though Ethiopia managed to raise economic growth recently, there is languished pace of agricultural commercialization. This study investigates malt barley commercialization process through contract farming scheme, and its experience, effect and prospects in Ethiopia. A systematic review system was employed....

Author(s): Addisu Bezabeh Ali  

December 2018

Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development
Gender roles in fisheries post-harvesting activities in catch-locations within Coastal Areas of Lagos State Nigeria

This study examined the gender roles in Fisheries Post-harvesting Activities (FPhA), which stems from a significant knowledge gap regarding gender roles in the subsistence fishery industry. The research was conducted in five catch-locations within the coastal areas of Lagos State, Nigeria, namely: Ikorodu, Badagry, Epe, Lekki and Makoko. The respondents were selected using purposive and snowballing sampling techniques....

Author(s): Olusola Benson, Isaac Ambee, Oluwatoyin Akinnigbagbe, Bunmi Omotuyi and Adepeju Solagbade  

December 2018

Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development
Determinants of commercialization of teff crop in Abay Chomen District, Horo Guduru wallaga zone, Oromia Regional State, Ethiopia

This paper aims to identify factors affecting teff commercialization in Abay Chomen District using primary data collected during February and January 2017 from teff sampled household producers. Semi structured interview schedule and Focus Group Discussion were used for data collection. Descriptive statistics and heckman two stage models were used to analyze the data collected. The paper showed that among sixteen...

Author(s): Edosa Tadesa Leta  

December 2018

Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development
Beekeeping management practices and gap analysis of beekeepers at different agro-ecological zones of Tigray region, Northern Ethiopia

The study was conducted to assess beekeeping practices, seasonal colony management gaps in eastern, south-east and central zones of Tigray region in northern Ethiopia. About 384 beekeepers were interviewed. The trend of honeybee colonies indicated an increase in the last five years but with variables (72%) in honey production. Majority (77.3%) of beekeepers inspected their apiary and honeybee colonies externally and...

Author(s): Guesh Godifey, Amssalu Bezabeh, Hailu Mazengia and Yayneshet Tesfay

December 2018

Journal of Dentistry and Oral Hygiene
The importance of pH, salivary flow and different dental caries risk factors in pregnant women

During pregnancy, there are certain changes in a woman´s body that can affect or alter oral health. Likewise, in this period some changes in factors such as pH and salivary flow can contribute to an increased risk of caries in pregnant women; therefore, this research was conducted on 85 women from the city of Montemorelos who attended Montemorelos General Hospital, of whom 53 were pregnant and 32 were not, using...

Author(s): Joel A Méndez-Monge, Zurisadai Neri-Aranda, Alejandra Luna-Ayala, Hector Manuel Hernandez Navarro, Jany Ariadne Jimenez-Del Valle, Alma Nidia Calderon-Porras, Luis Ricardo Sosa-Martinez, and Myriam Angelica De La Garza-Ramos  

December 2018

Journal of Parasitology and Vector Biology
Community's knowledge, attitude and practices toward malaria and mosquito behavior in Abeshige Woreda, Gurage Zone, Southern Ethiopia

Community Knowledge about malaria and mosquito behavior is critical for successful malaria intervention, appropriate treatment, prevention and control measures. Thus, this study aimed to assess knowledge, attitude and practices of the community towards malaria and mosquito behavior in Abeshige Woreda, South west Ethiopia. A community-based cross-sectional study was conducted in Abeshige Woreda from February to March...

Author(s): Ashenafi Teklemariam  

December 2018

International Journal of Nursing and Midwifery
Success of labour induction institution based cross-sectional study Wolaita Sodo, South Ethiopia

There are a number of pregnancy complications that confer significant risk to the mother or fetus. Induction of labour is as an artificial termination of pregnancy utilized to decrease both maternal and neonatal morbidity and mortality. Institution based retrospective cross-sectional study was conducted among 347 pregnant women undergone induction of labour from 2013-2015 in Otona referral hospital. Nearly 207 (59.7%)...

Author(s): Eyasu Tamru Bekru and Bezalem Eshetu Yirdaw 

December 2018

ISABB Journal of Food and Agricultural Sciences
Value chain analysis of potato: The Case of South Achefer and Jabi Tehinan districts of West Gojam Zone, Ethiopia

The study was conducted in South Achefer and Jabi Tehinan districts for mapping, identifying actors and analyzing constraints and opportunities of potato value chain. Simple random sampling technique was used to select producers (100), traders (70), and end consumers (40). Quantitative and qualitative data were collected from primary and secondary sources. Hence, qualitative and quantitative data were analyzed through...

Author(s): Wondim Awoke and Desselgn Molla  

December 2018

Journal of Economics and International Finance
The effect of real effective exchange rate on balance of payments in Ethiopia: A co-integrated VAR approach

This study investigated the relationship between real effective exchange rate and balance of payment in Ethiopia using annual data spanning the period of 1976 to 2015. The analysis was based on a cointegrated vector autoregressive approach. The methodology of the study begins with Augmented Dickey-Fuller stationarity tests of the data and the Johansen cointegration rank test that revealed current account, real gross...

Author(s): Teamrat Kahssay Gebremariam, Muhdin Mohammedhusen Batu and Sisay Tola  

December 2018

International Journal of Science and Technology Education Research
Exploring the Mathematics and Science subject matter content in the Primary School Level in Lesotho teachers

Mathematics and Science education is very important for any nation to realise meaningful economic development. Most studies looking at this important aspect of education focus on post primary to tertiary education leaving the primary level which is a foundation for those levels making the story incomplete. This study explored the dynamics of primary school teaching of Mathematics and Science with respect to the subject...

Author(s): Mosotho J. George, Mamontsi Kolobe and Eunice K. Moru  

December 2018

International Journal of Peace and Development Studies
Christian-Muslim dialogue with particular reference to Pentecostals and Muslims in Nairobi, Kenya

Interfaith dialogue is becoming a household name in our global society within the context of religious pluralism. Christians and Muslims are widely spread across the globe commanding almost a half of global population. Some Christians, particularly among some Pentecostals view Muslims with distrust, apprehension and rivalry. In Nairobi, Kenya, features of mistrust, disharmony, and intolerance among Pentecostal churches...

Author(s): Patrick Mburu Kamau  

December 2018

International Journal of Peace and Development Studies
Countering “Islamic fundamentalism” and out group hostility in North-East Ethiopia: Kemissie city administration Muslims

Religious fundamentalism and inter/out group conflict have gained international concerns. Fundamentalism in relation to Islam is subject to debate and controversy, in particular because of the way in which Islam has been objectified as the fundamentalist by the West. Fundamentalism is understood as exclusive to religion. And the research intends to explore the responses, positions and views of Muslims in tackling the...

Author(s): Ayalew Yimer  

Page 7 of 1151, showing 50 records out of 57545 total, starting on record 301, ending on 350