Articles

 

Articles

Page 7 of 1139, showing 50 records out of 56903 total, starting on record 301, ending on 350

August 2018

International Journal of Water Resources and Environmental Engineering
Quantifying the impact of integrated watershed management on groundwater availability in Gerduba watershed, Yabello district, Ethiopia

Integrated watershed management has a positive impact on groundwater balance. However, most parts of the study area particularly, Borana is the one which is suffering from severe rangeland degradation. Among others, heavy grazing, bush encroachment, gully expansion, topsoil fertility loss, sedimentation and less adequate water availability account for the greatest noticeable rangeland degradation phenomena. Due to...

Author(s): Demisachew Tadele and Mihret Dananto  

August 2018

International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation
Evaluation of socio-economic factors influencing exploitation of non-timber forest products in Tanzania

Non-Timber Forest Products (NTFPs) constitute an important source of livelihood for millions of people from forest fringe communities across the world. This study was conducted to identify main NTFPs used by local communities around Nyanganje Forest Reserve (NFR) which is within the Eastern Arc Mountains in Kilombero district, Tanzania. Furthermore, the study aimed at determining socio-economic factors influencing...

Author(s): Mhuji Kilonzo, Barakaeli Abdiel Ndossi, Dickson Mauki and Paulo Okumu Ochanga  

August 2018

International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation
Perception, attitude and impacts of local communities on Senkele Swayne’s Hartebeest Sanctuary, Ethiopia

This study aimed to investigate perception, attitude and impacts of local communities on Senkele Swayne’s Hartebeest Sanctuary. Questionnaire survey, focus group discussions, key informant interviews and observation were employed to collect data. A total of 196 households participated in the questionnaire survey. The findings revealed that the local communities of SSHS had unfavorable perceptions and attitude...

Author(s): Azmeraw Alemkere  

August 2018

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
Outlier based selection and accuracy updating of digital elevation models for urban area projects

Continuing degradation of urban environments of developing economies results from failure to make decisions based on scientific methods that employ accurate digital elevation models (DEM) in modelling environmental phenomena such as flooding and erosion. Data dumping and wastage occur if fresh DEM are required for every new project ignoring existing data. Every DEM to be used for modelling may be accepted as is, updated...

Author(s): Akajiaku C. Chukwuocha

August 2018

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
Management status and perception of post quarried sites in Ndarugu Kiambu, Kenya

In recent times, rapid changes in buildings and infrastructural development have increased demand for construction materials. Ndarugu quarries located about 35 km north of Nairobi CBD are among the main sources of building materials in Kenya. The visible evidence of stone mining are the post-quarried sites scarred along the Ndarugu ridge, which has altered the original land condition and continues to affect people who...

Author(s): Stephen Waringo Waweru, John Bosco Njoroge and Aggrey Ochieng Adimo

August 2018

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
Optimization of bio gas production from slaughterhouse wastes

This study focuses on the production of biogas from slaughter house waste to generate optimal methane yield which has high calorific value under optimum temperature, pH and substrate proportion (blood, manure and undigested food material). In this study, two different kinds of experiment were done. The first experiment was carried out to determine the pH, total solid, volatile solid and ash content of each type of waste...

Author(s): Genet Tsegaye, Birhanu Asefa and Solomon Kiros  

August 2018

Journal of Parasitology and Vector Biology
Prevalence of intestinal helminths among undergraduate students of Obafemi Awolowo University Ile Ife, Southwestern, Nigeria

A cross section study of the prevalence and knowledge of intestinal helminths was investigated among the newly admitted undergraduate students of Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile Ife, Osun State, Nigeria between April and June 2016. Faecal samples from 767 subjects comprising 406 males and 361 females were collected and processed using modified kato-katz method. Eggs of four helminths, Ascaris lumbricoides, Trichuris...

Author(s): Salawu Saheed Adekola, Ojo Olawale Mayowa and Awosolu Oluwaseun  Bunmi  

August 2018

International Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences
Diagnostic accuracy of ultrasound scans for the diagnosis of pelvic inflammatory disease keeping laboratory high vaginal swab/urine microscopy culture as gold standard in Anambra State, Nigeria

Ultrasound scanning (USS) and high vaginal swab culture and urine microscopy culture and sensitivity (m/c/s) tests are the most common investigations used for the diagnosis of pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) in our locality. The aim of this study was to determine the diagnostic accuracy of ultrasound in the diagnosis of PID keeping laboratory high vaginal swab/urine microscopy, culture as gold standard. The USS, high...

Author(s): Eze J. C., Ohagwu C. C., Ugwuanyi D. C., Chiegwu H. U. and Onyeugbo E.  

August 2018

International Journal of Nursing and Midwifery
Focused antenatal care: Re-appraisal of current practices

Focused antenatal care has been viewed to be a better option to the previously existing orthodox model of antenatal care. The orthodox antenatal care otherwise known as traditional model of antenatal care requires a number of routine and frequent visits by pregnant women to the healthcare facility. This traditional model of antenatal care has been observed to require numerous materials such as financial and human...

Author(s): T. Ebunoluwa Oshinyemi, J. Ojo Aluko and O. Abimbola Oluwatosin  

August 2018

Journal of Dentistry and Oral Hygiene
Comparative evaluation of short and long term in vitro antibacterial activity of white and gray mineral trioxide aggregate and calcium enriched mixture cement"

The aim of this study was to investigate and compare the short and long term antibacterial effects of white and gray mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) and calcium enriched mixture (CEM) on Streptococcus Sanguinis and Enterococcus faecalis which are commonly associated with endodontic infections. The test materials, including white MTA (WMTA), gray (GMTA), and CEM were manipulated strictly in accordance with the...

Author(s): H. Shahabinejad  

August 2018

Journal of Cereals and Oilseeds
Genotype × environment interaction and stability of oil content of sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) genotypes in Northern Ethiopia

The experiment, for oil content analysis, was conducted for two growing seasons under rain fed condition (2012-2013) in Humera and Dansha, and in a single year (2013 cropping season) in Sheraro (a total of five environments). The experiment, comprised of 13 sesame genotypes, laid out in randomized complete block design of three replications with the objective of determining the magnitude of Genotype × Environment...

Author(s): Fiseha Baraki and Gebrelibanos Gebremariam

August 2018

Journal of Stored Products and Postharvest Research
Aflatoxin B1 contamination in raw peanuts sold in Maputo City, Mozambique and associated factors

Peanut seeds (Arachis hypogaea L.) are consumed worldwide including Mozambique, due to good taste, high nutritional value and easy accessibility. When found in suitable conditions of humidity and high temperature, a fungus of the genus Aspergillus can contaminate peanuts and produce toxic secondary metabolites called "aflatoxins" (AFs) which are not destroyed by usual thermal processes, causing aflatoxicosis...

Author(s): Delfina Fernandes Hlashwayo  

August 2018

Journal of Agricultural Biotechnology and Sustainable Development
Popularization of Koekoek poultry breed for enhancing livelihood of poor households: A case of Southern Tigray, Ethiopia

Demonstration of Koekoek breed was conducted at Raya-Azebo and Enda-Mehoni Woredas with 10 poor households with the objective of increasing the productivity of poultry thereby improving livelihood of the resource poor farmers in Ethiopia. Koekoek breed had significantly (P<0.05) superior on number of eggs laid per clutch (26 egg/clutch) as compared to local breed (15 egg/clutch). Beside this, the Koekoek breed is...

Author(s): Temesgen Tesfay, Hagos Kidane, Tesfay Atsebha, Teshale Teklu, Solomon Wayu, Adehanom Baraki, Yekalo Teklay, Zebrhe Teklay, Haileselassie Amare and Zelealem Tesfay  

August 2018

Journal of Soil Science and Environmental Management
Farmer’s perception of soil and watershed degradation and the assessment of soil nutrients status under agroforestry systems in the Western Highlands of Cameroon: Case of Ako sub division

The objective of this study was to assess farmers’ perception regarding the activities which degrade the soil and watershed and to analyze soil nutrients status under different agroforestry systems. The aim of the study was to identify and promote locally-known agroforestry-based practices for soil and watershed conservation in the savannah highland area of Cameroon. Semi-structured questionnaires were...

Author(s): Njini Loveline Munjeb, Yerima Bernard Palmer Kfuban and Avana Tientcheu Marie Louise  

August 2018

Journal of Soil Science and Environmental Management
Characterization of soils under major land uses in Chencha District, South Ethiopia

Assessing land use induced changes in soil properties is essential for addressing the issues of land use planning and sustainable land productivity in highlands of Ethiopia. The surface and profile soil samples were collected from forest (FL) cultivated (CL) and grass/pasture lands (GL) in Doko Yoyira (DY), Aiezo Tula (AT) and Gendona Gembela (GG) in Chencha district, Gamo-Gofa zone in May 2014, which aims to assess...

Author(s): Wakshum Shiferaw Gemeda and Sharma Parshotam Datt  

August 2018

International Journal of Fisheries and Aquaculture
Seasonality in the photosynthetic productivity and biomass of phytoplankton in Lake Tinishu Abaya (Rift Valley, Ethiopia): The basis for fish production

The present study was undertaken to investigate the photosynthetic productivity and biomass of phytoplankton for Lake Tinishu Abaya to observe the potentiality of the lake water for fish production. The study was carried out from January to December 2016. For the analysis of various physicochemical parameters, water samples collection was taken from two predefined sampling stations (open-water and nearshore). Biomass of...

Author(s): Yirga Enawgaw and Brook Lemma  

August 2018

Journal of Petroleum Technology and Alternative Fuels
Effect of some citrus juice concentrates on crude oil emulsion

Crude oil emulsions constitute a major challenge in oil field operations. To resolve this challenge, many researchers have studied crude oil emulsion demulsification patterns in the presence of various demulsifiers. Research is ongoing for discovery of locally sourced biodegradable and inexpensive demulsifiers. The aim of this research is to demusify heavy crude oil emulsion, using locally sourced biodegradable citrus...

Author(s): Folashade Olatunbosun Oyedeji and Moses Callistus Nwode  

August 2018

African Journal of Mathematics and Computer Science Research
Multi parameter fuzzy soft set approach to decision making problem

In this paper, a new approach for decision making problem is introduced by extending the definition of fuzzy soft set for multiple parameter sets and is called extended fuzzy soft set. Also, few operations such as “AND” and “ ” are defined on extended fuzzy soft sets and illustrated with examples. Further an algorithm for decision making using the concept of extended fuzzy soft set is presented....

Author(s):

August 2018

International Journal of English and Literature
Investigating the negative impact of pragmatic transfer on the acquisition of English pragmatic as perceived by L2 Learners: A review

Pragmatics is a basic and vital part of dialect capacity all together for L2 learners to comprehend and be comprehended in their communications with native speakers (NSs). This study aims to identify pragmatics and pragmatic transfer, and to make an overview about the relation between pragmatic transfer and language acquisition. One of the main results that are demonstrated from this study is that there are several...

Author(s): Althawab Meznah  

August 2018

International NGO Journal
NGOs in Western Ukraine: Competencies for effective leadership

Effective governance and leadership in non-governmental organizations (NGOs) does not happen by chance. Research has demonstrated that needed skills, abilities and competencies can make a difference. Using a model of 6 competencies that has been validated previously, these competencies have been used for governance and leadership training in the United States, Canada and Europe. This article reports the results of a...

Author(s): Roger A. Ritvo, Kenneth Linna and Iryna Radiuk  

August 2018

Journal of African Studies and Development
Re-possessing Africa, new approaches to leadership, governance and democracy: Critical implications for public policy

Elsewhere in Africa, all you need to do is to compare the sterling nature of leadership thrown up on the continent by the decolonizing project in the last quarter of the last century with the current uninspiring miniaturists. There is no contemporary African leader who has seized the imagination of the continent, or who is showing a deep grasp of the crisis of colonial nations and underdevelopment on the continent...

Author(s): Danfulani Ahmed  

August 2018

Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development
Choices and implications of livelihood diversification strategies on smallholder farmers’ income in Saesietsaeda Emba District, Eastern Tigray Region of Ethiopia

Farmers’ life without livelihood diversification into off-farm and non-farm income activities becomes difficult due to unstable and meagre agricultural context of the study area. Farm income alone cannot feed the ever increasing population. Hence, livelihood diversification is a matter of life or death for majority of the households in the study district. The objectives of the study were to identify household...

Author(s): Gebrehiwot Weldegebrial Gebru, Hyacinth Ementa Ichoku and Philip Ogbonnia Phil-Eze  

August 2018

Journal of Cell and Animal Biology
Effects of Kelulut honey from Trigona sp. on zebrafish (Danio rerio) embryo that mimics human embryonic development

Kelulut honey (KH) is a type of honey with various pharmacological properties that can be found in Malaysia. Nevertheless, the safety aspects of this honey have not been adequately addressed. This study evaluated the developmental toxicity of KH from Trigona sp on zebrafish (Danio rerio) embryos. Viable zebrafish embryos at 3 hours post fertilization (hpf) (early stage) and 24 hpf (organ development stage) were treated...

Author(s): Mohd Noor Hidayat Adenan, Latifah Saiful Yazan, Annie Christianus, Nur Fariesha Md Hashim, Abdul Rahim Harun, Nur Hafizati Abdul Halim, Mohd Zulmadi Sani and Khairuddin Abdul Rahim  

August 2018

Journal of Geography and Regional Planning
Effect of youth engagement in vegetable farming on household well-being in Kakamega Town, Kenya

This paper focuses on the effect of youth engagement in vegetable production on household well-being in Kakamega Town, Kenya. Survey research design was used and data was collected from 159 urban youth farmers using structured questionnaires and interviews. It was observed that the vegetable farmers engaged more frequently in weed control, land preparation, harvesting and planting. There was significant association...

Author(s): Edwin A. B. Juma, Paul Omondi and Raphael W. Kareri

August 2018

Journal of Environmental Chemistry and Ecotoxicology
Heavy metal remediation from municipal waste water using arrowroots (Amaranta arundinacea)

Municipal wastewater contains high levels of pollutants since it is a collection of wastes from various sources of human activities. Municipal treatment of such wastewater is usually aimed at lowering the levels of pollutants to permissible amounts before discharge into recipient environment. Several conventional methods are available for treatment of wastewater. However, most of them are costly and not economically...

Author(s): Joan Mwiluka Tenge, John Kituyi Lusweti and Gideon Ng&#; wena Magak

August 2018

Journal of Petroleum and Gas Engineering
Experimental study and field application of surfactant-polymer flooding in offshore oilfield

Restricted by the short life of the oil development platform and its high investment, offshore oilfield needs higher oil recovery rate in the early developmental stage so as to recover its investment fast. Therefore, polymer flooding method carried out in medium water cut period was proposed. The production performance improved through the use of polymer flooding in Bohai H oilfield, but became worse when the polymer...

Author(s): Li Hongying, Wang Xinran, Liu Zongbin, Liu Dong and Liu Bin  

August 2018

Khartoum University Journal of Management Studies
Enhancing the accuracy of the historical simulation value-at-risk using exponentially weighted moving average (EWA) technique: A case of Khartoum stock exchange

Value-at-Risk (VaR) is a quantitative risk measure estimated either parametrically or non-parametrically. Historical simulation is a non-parametric approach that relies on historical data and this data span for a long period, which might encounter changes over time in the market circumstances (that is, volatility). The accuracy of the historical simulation VaR (HSVaR) increases as the volatility adjusted to the current...

Author(s): Abdaljbbar B. A. Dawod and Zakaryia M. S. Mohammad  

August 2018

Journal of Languages and Culture
Challenges of students’ discipline in English as a Foreign Language (EFL) classes: A case of primary schools in Dembi Dollo and Nekemte towns of Oromia Region, Ethiopia

In many cultures in the world, discipline is a very important quality of students in schools. Thus, the prime objective of this study was to explore major factors contributing to students’ discipline problems in some primary schools of Dambi Dollo and Nekemte Towns in Ethiopia. To achieve the objective, basic research questions were developed, related literatures were reviewed and different methodologies were...

Author(s): Aliye Geleta  

August 2018

Journal of Hospitality Management and Tourism
Potential and challenges of rock art for sustainable tourism development: The case of Harar - Dire Dawa region, South Eastern Ethiopia

Prehistoric rock art is one of the earliest form of human communication system. It has an aesthetic, spiritual, socio – cultural and artistic values. This study has attempted to address the role of rock art tourism for sustainable socio-economic development with the objective of describing the potential of rock art sites for tourism in Harar – Dire Dawa and in its environs. It also tried to identify...

Author(s): Dagnachew Leta Senbeto

August 2018

African Journal of Biochemistry Research
The interplay between paraoxonase-1 and epigenetic changes in colorectal carcinoma

Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the third leading cause of cancer-related death. Colorectal mucosa has high levels of oxidative stress (OS) landmarks. OS has deleterious effect on cell structures as lipids, proteins and DNA. Markers of protein oxidation are named as advanced oxidation protein products (AOPPs) which have been considered as novel disease biomarkers. OS may also induce DNA damage which leads to mutation of...

Author(s): El-Tokhy Amira Kamel, Zin El-deen Doaa Hussein, Foda Abd allah Mahmoud, Moussa Gamal Ibrahim and Abo El-Noeman Saad El-Din Abd el-fatah  

August 2018

Journal of Dentistry and Oral Hygiene
In vitro antimicrobial activity of CatDex against Porphyromonas endodontalis

An achievable goal in root canal therapy is to reduce the bacterial population to the lowest level. Irrigation and instrumentation play an important role in achieving this objective. Sodium hypochlorite (NaClO) is the most frequently used irrigation solution; however, its main disadvantage that it is cytoxic to soft tissues following inadvertent extrusion. CatDex is a substance that promises to match the antimicrobial...

Author(s): María Fernanda Mayela Carrillo-Sosa, Idalia Rodríguez-Delgado, Jorge Jaime Flores-Treviño, Myriam Angelica De La Garza-Ramos, Elizabeth Madla-Cruz, Erandi Escamilla-García and Eloy Cardenas-Estrada  

August 2018

Journal of Ecology and The Natural Environment
Wetland ecosystems in Ethiopia and their implications in ecotourism and biodiversity conservation

Wetlands are ecosystems in which water covers the land. They provide economical, ecological, societal and recreational benefits to humans. Although complete documentation is lacking, wetlands make a significant part of Ethiopia covering an area of 13,700 km2. Wetlands with a great potential for ecotourism development in the country include the rift valley lakes, the floodplains in Gambella, the Awash River Gorge with...

Author(s): Israel Petros Menbere and Timar Petros Menbere  

August 2018

Journal of Ecology and The Natural Environment
The role of indigenous technical knowledge and geographical information systems (GIS) in sustainable natural resource management around the Teso Community in Kenya

There is a growing awareness on the importance of indigenous technical knowledge and the necessity of its integration into modern knowledge in order to address problems related to natural resource conservation. However, there is a lack of study that demonstrates clearly how the two types of knowledge systems could be successfully integrated together. This paper presents such a framework that has been developed through a...

Author(s): Dominics Dan Ayaa and John Kapoi Kipterer  

August 2018

Journal of Ecology and The Natural Environment
Patterns of short- and long-term responses of honey bee (Apis mellifera L.) colony to changes in its internal environment

Management of the honey bee (Apis mellifera L.) colony for honey production and pollination of crops includes the manipulation of its internal environment. It is not yet understood how the colony might respond to such manipulations in the short- (within four or five days post-treatment) and long-term (after 21 days post-treatment) and whether the once generated short-term response persists into the long-term. Five...

Author(s): Ram Chander Sihag and  Gurminder Kaur  

August 2018

African Journal of Plant Science
Comparative study of yield performance and nutrient composition of the edible mushroom Pleurotus pulmonarius, cultivated on different substrates

Sawdust from four types of woods (Milicia excelsa, Gmelina arborea, Afzelia africana and Khaya senegalensis) was used for cultivation of Pleurotus pulmonarius. Growth and yield of fruiting bodies were monitored and biological efficiency (BE) determined. Proximate composition of fruiting bodies was determined; total phenol content (TPC) and total flavonoid content (TFC) of the extract from the mushrooms were...

Author(s): Adewoyin A. G. and Ayandele, A. A.  

August 2018

African Journal of Plant Science
Evaluation of faba bean (Vicia faba L.) varieties for yield and reaction to chocolate spot disease at Chencha, Southern Ethiopia

Field experiment was conducted at Chencha Woreda with the objective of evaluating faba bean varieties for better yield and chocolate spot disease resistance during 2015 main cropping season. Ten improved faba bean varieties and two local controls were evaluated in randomized complete block design (RCBD) with three replications. Field performances of varieties were evaluated for grain yield and yield parameters on...

Author(s): Degife Asefa Zebire and Kiya Adare Tadesse  

August 2018

African Journal of Plant Science
Response of common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) varieties to rates of blended NPS fertilizer in Adola district, Southern Ethiopia

Common bean is one of the most economically important pulse crops cultivated in Ethiopia. However, its average yield reported at national level remains far below the potential yield to be attained. This is partly due to low soil fertility management, inappropriate agronomic packages and diseases and pest problems. Hence, this experiment was conducted to investigate the effect of blended NPS rates on growth, yield and...

Author(s): Shumi Deresa  

August 2018

African Journal of Plant Science
Protocol optimization for in vitro propagation of two Irish potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) varieties through lateral bud culture

Potato is a versatile vegetable that is eaten all around the year. The objective of this study was to establish a protocol for in vitro micropropagation of Gudene and Belete popular varieties in Ethiopia from lateral bud explants. For shoot induction and multiplication, lateral bud explants were cultured on MS basal medium supplemented with different concentration levels of PGRS. Rooting was done on the same media type...

Author(s): Genene G., Mekonin W., Meseret C., Manikandan M. and Tigist M.  

August 2018

African Journal of Plant Science
Study on suitability of locally available substrates for cultivation of oyster mushroom (Pleurotus ostreatus) in Jimma zone, Oromia regional state, southwestern Ethiopia

A mushroom is the fleshy, spore-bearing fruiting body of a fungus, typically produced above the ground on soil. The nutritional value of mushrooms is greater than one may think. Generally, it is a nature's hidden treasures of nutrition. The aim of this study was to access the suitability of available agro wastes of some lignocelluloses materials containing five different types of main substrates namely, sawdust...

Author(s): Takele Shiferaw, Shiferaw Demissie, Anbessa Dabassa and Tokuma  Negisho  

August 2018

Journal of Engineering and Computer Innovations
RodentSQL: A software suite for colony management of animal protocols

Most of the mouse experiments tend to generate a large-scale data, which is needed to be stored and eventually made publicly available. Many research groups still struggle to have central storage and integrated management system of this metadata. Some existing tools like Microsoft excel sheets and couple other colony management web/cloud-based tools are either cumbersome or expensive. There seems a constant need for...

Author(s): Shrikant Pawar and Harshul Batra  

August 2018

African Journal of Cellular Pathology
Some plasma biochemical changes in layers experimentally infected with Pasteurella multocida

The present study was carried out to investigate some biochemical alterations in layers experimentally infected with Pasteurella multocida. A total of 20 eighteen-week old ISA Brown layers were used in the experiment. The birds were randomly assigned to two groups (infected and control) of 10 layers each. To establish infection, each bird in the infected group was challenged by intra nasal (0.1 ml) and intramuscular...

Author(s): Joseph John Gadzama, Balami Arhyel Gana, Mohammed Adam Chiroma, Sani Adamu, Hassan Abdulsalam, Lekko Madaki Yusuf, Idoko Sunday Idoko, Sani Nuhu Abdulazeez, Samson James Enam and King Akpofure Nelson Esievo  

August 2018

African Journal of Cellular Pathology
Effect of Theobroma cacao on renal function of wistar albino rats induced with anaemia

The study investigated the effect of Theobroma cacao on renal function of phenylhydrazine induced anaemic albino rats. Forty albino rats were divided into 8 groups of five rats each namely control (group A), Phenyl hydrazine (group B) while groups C, D and E were given phenylhydrazine and administered with 100,200 and 500 mg/kg of T. cacao respectively while groups F, G and H were given 200,500 and 1000 mg/kg of T cacao...

Author(s): Adegoke O. Adebayo, Oluwatayo G. Beatrice and Ogbu U. Patience  

August 2018

African Journal of Mathematics and Computer Science Research
Continuous frame in Hilbert space and its applications

In this paper, we study continuous frames in Hilbert spaces using a family of linearly independent vectors called coherent state (CS) and applying it in any physical space. To accomplish this goal, the standard theory of frames in Hilbert spaces, using discrete bases, is generalized to one where the basis vectors may be labeled using discrete, continuous or a mixture of the two types of indices.  A comprehensive...

Author(s): H. K. Das, S. Ghosh and R. Prodhan  

August 2018

African Journal of Political Science and International Relations
Political trust in Botswana’s executive presidency: The Khama era

This article examines political trust in the institution of the presidency. It focuses on the Khama era and aims to find out the underlying motivations to trust the president. Using the Afrobarometer surveys, the paper finds that Batswana are more likely to distrust the president if they perceive high levels of corruption, poor government performance and are dissatisfied with democracy. Partisanship is important in...

Author(s): Batlang Seabo, Wilford Molefe and Mpho Molomo  

August 2018

African Journal of Political Science and International Relations
Analysis of the pre-colonial, colonial and post colonial bureaucracy of Buganda: The major milestones in its development

Bureaucracy in Buganda polity transcended the pre-colonial, colonial and post-colonial era. During each era, the principles which underpin the Weberian bureaucracy manifested variously. Pre-colonial bureaucracy manifested as a strong chain of command through the hierarchical kingdom structure; and centralized control by the King through the chiefs. During the colonial times, bureaucracy had duality in the chain of...

Author(s): Hizaamu Ramadhan  

August 2018

International Journal of Library and Information Science
Role of librarians in the protection of copyright in Nigeria

The objective of the study is to examine the role of librarians in the protection of copyright in Nigeria. The study adopted a descriptive survey design. Questionnaire was the primary tool used for data collection. The study population consists of 63 professional librarians from the five selected universities in Ogun State.  A total of 49 questionnaires were retrieved out of 63 administered and given a response...

Author(s): Glory Onoyeyan and Olurotimi Awe  

August 2018

International Journal of Library and Information Science
Student perception of electronic resources use in Rajshahi University Library: A case study

The growing use of electronic resources in and outside the libraries has become a major issue of discussion all over the world. Information seekers, particularly students and teachers are becoming key proponents of e-resource use. Against this backdrop, this paper explores the pattern of e-resource use by undergraduate and post-graduate students of Rajshahi University – one of the oldest and largest universities...

Author(s): Kazi Mostak Gausul Hoq and Md. Armanul Haque  

August 2018

Journal of Engineering and Technology Research
Analytic network process in petroleum hydrocarbon decontamination management in Nigeria

This study examined the application of the Analytic Network Process (ANP), a multi-criteria decision analysis tool, in the selection of the best bioremediation technique for the remediation of a hydrocarbon-polluted site at Kwawa (4°36'29.26''N, 7°28'55.70''E) in Ogoniland, Niger Delta province, Nigeria. The decision-making problem involved four bioremediation techniques (that is,...

Author(s): Reuben N. Okparanma, Solomon E. Ukpenevi, and Josiah M. Ayotamuno

August 2018

Journal of Internet and Information Systems
Performance comparison of in-memory and disk-based databases using transaction processing performance council (TPC) benchmarking

Database performance throughput is one of the main measurements of the application effectiveness or a system, in terms of speed and delivery. Higher application efficiency is always a goal for any organization; therefore, finding the way to improve the database performance has priority. There are two main factors that can contribute to performance gain or slowness. Firstly, how well designed the database structure is in...

Author(s): Ayub M. B. and Ali N.  

August 2018

Journal of Accounting and Taxation
Effect of audit quality on market price of firms listed on the Nigerian stock market

This study examines the effect of audit quality on share prices of Nigerian oil and gas firms using the regression and covariance analyses. Findings from the regression anlysis suggests that the composition of the audit committee and auditor type has significant effect on the market prices of quoted firms. There is a positive and significant relationship between audit committee composition and share prices. The...

Author(s): David Okelue Ugwunta, Boniface Uche Ugwuanyi and Christian Ugonna Ngwa  

Page 7 of 1139, showing 50 records out of 56903 total, starting on record 301, ending on 350