Articles

 

Articles

Page 7 of 1271, showing 50 records out of 63531 total, starting on record 301, ending on 350

January 2024

Botswana Journal of Economics
Impact of treasury single account on corruption in the Nigerian public sector

This research looked at the impact of the Treasury Single Account (TSA) on the degree of corruption in Nigeria's public sector. The study was driven by the rising amount of public corruption, in which several agencies maintained numerous accounts without accountability. To combat this threat, the federal government implemented the TSA strategy. The question is, how does the Treasury Single Account Policy affect...

Author(s): Ojapinwa Taiwo Victor, and Ojo Tope Joshua  

January 2024

International Journal of Livestock Production
Major hoof and musculoskeletal disorders of cart pulling mules with special reference to lameness in Bahir Dar town, northwestern Ethiopia

A cross-sectional study was conducted in Bahir Dar town, Northwestern Ethiopia, to quantify the major hoof and musculoskeletal disorders of cart mules and identify their predisposing factors. Both physical examinations of 250 cart mules and a questionnaire survey of 174 volunteer cart owners or drivers were used. The overall prevalence of gait problems was 18.8%, of which 83% were lameness, 6.3% staggering gait, and...

Author(s): Dagmawit Atalel, Kassaye Aragaw and Berhanu Mekibib  

January 2024

Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development
Professional competence and extension service delivery in Thulamela Municipality, Limpopo Province, South Africa

The purpose of this study was to assess the extension practitioners' demonstration of professional competencies in extension service delivery to small-holder farmers in the Thulamela municipality. The study employed a cross-sectional survey design. The assessment was conducted by soliciting the views of 80 crop and animal farmers in the municipality who were serviced by extension practitioners that had undergone...

Author(s): Afful D. B. and Mudzanani F. F.  

January 2024

Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development
The influence of socio-economic household characteristics on farmer resilience to climate change in Northern Ghana

Approaches to improved resilience of small-farmers due to the effects of climate change are of critical concern. This study investigates the socio-economic factors that influence small-scale farmers’ on-farm resilience in northern Ghana using seven resilient approaches adopted in the study area. Using a multi-stage sampling approach, a total of 300 small-scale farmers were interviewed. A bivariate analysis...

Author(s): Benjamin Bilalam Jabik  

January 2024

Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development
Land degradation and possible mitigation measures in Ethiopia: A review

Land degradation is considered an important topic of the 21st century, associated with the decline in soil fertility, and has become a serious threat to agricultural productivity in sub-Saharan Africa. Land degradation is widely recognized as reducing agricultural potential and contributing to ongoing food insecurity and rural poverty. The economy of Ethiopia is primarily based on agriculture, and Ethiopia has...

Author(s): Belay Asnake  

January 2024

International Journal of Educational Administration and Policy Studies
Effect of transformational leadership on data-informed instruction and student achievement

The purpose of the study was to better understand the extent to which middle school principals' transformational leadership styles affect teachers' data-informed instruction, the influence of teachers' data-informed instruction on middle school student achievement, and the extent to which transformational leaders affect student achievement through data-informed instruction. Therefore, for this study, survey...

Author(s): Beverly Cheri Neal

January 2024

Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science
Perception of the preferences of the links in the Spider plant (Cleome gynandra L.) value chain in Burkina Faso

Spider plant (Cleome gynandra L, Cleomaceae) is used in many parts of the world as an emergency crop, enabling populations to survive periods of hunger and famine. It is a leafy vegetable much appreciated by local populations, whose tender leaves and stems are used to prepare a variety of local dishes. The aim of this study was to gain insight into the perceptions and preferences of stakeholders in the C. gynandra L....

Author(s): SAKANDE Boureima, ZIDA Wendpagnagdé Félicien Marie Serge, SORY Siédou, KIEBRE Zakaria and BATIONO/KANDO Pauline  

January 2024

Journal of Physical Education and Sport Management
Early warning, conflict, and conflict resolution in the sports enterprises

The study investigated the awareness of early warning, conflict management strategies, and their application in resolving conflicts within the sports industry in Nigeria, addressing three research questions and a hypothesis. The research employed a correlational design method, utilizing a logically validated 20-item self-structured questionnaire with a reliability coefficient of 0.88. Data were collected from...

Author(s): Franz U. Atare

January 2024

Scientific Research and Essays
Production of feed grade L-lysine using solid state fermentation for the Nigerian market

L-Lysine, an essential amino acid crucial for both human and animal nutrition, serves as a valuable medicament and additive in animal feed. Nigeria annually imports significant quantities of L-lysine to support its animal feed industry. In developing countries like Nigeria, a viable biotechnological approach for L-lysine production involves solid-state fermentation. This method not only offers environmental advantages...

Author(s): Nyerhovwo J. Tonukari, Egoamaka O. Egbune, Akpovwehwee A. Anigboro, Daniel A. Ehwarieme, Theresa Ezedom, Innocent Orhonigbe and Eferhire Aganbi  

January 2024

Journal of AIDS and HIV Research
Triggers of sub-optimal HIV viral load suppression amongst vulnerable children on ART in parts of Lagos State Nigeria: Experience of USAID supported ICHSSA-2 project

HIV remains a disease of public health importance, with an estimated 39.0 million people living with the virus globally as of 2022. The Association for Reproductive and Family Health (ARFH) is implementing the Integrated Child Health and Social Services Award (ICHSSA-2) project in Lagos with support from USAID. Triggers of unsuppressed viral load were examined among HIV-infected children and adolescents enrolled in the...

Author(s): Iwuala F., Mobereade A. J., Magaji D., Alawode G. O., Brodrick-Shehu E. O., Johnson I., Ayeni O. O., Idoko E. and Osinowo K.  

January 2024

Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health
Helminth parasites transmission between species of ruminants in urban and peri-urban areas of Ada’a district of Central Ethiopia

A study on gastrointestinal helminth parasites (GIHPs) in cattle and sheep was conducted from January 2021 to December 2021 in the urban and peri-urban areas of the Ada’a District of Central Ethiopia. The aim was to estimate the prevalence of GIHPs and associated risk factors, and to assess community awareness of anthelmintic treatment practices for the control of parasitic diseases. The methodology comprised of...

Author(s): Gebeyehu Alkadir, Dinka Ayana, Guta Wakjira, and Tesfaye Fatalo

January 2024

Journal of Accounting and Taxation
The impact of IFRS 9 on listed companies in China

With the intensification of world economic integration, IFRS has become more widely used through continuous innovation and reform. It quickly became the goal of the gradual unification of domestic accounting standards. On November 12, 2009, the IASB issued a different version of the former International Financial Reporting Standard for financial assets in accounting operations classification and measurement, namely IFRS...

Author(s): Cristiane Benetti, Joshua Onome Imoniana Cao Yuqing, Renato Guimaraes and Luciane Reginato  

January 2024

Journal of African Studies and Development
Assessing the economic impacts of foreign aid expenditure in West Africa: An empirical analysis of the effects of aid expenditure on economic growth

The economic impacts of foreign aid expenditure in developing countries remain a debatable topic in economics. Although extensive research has been conducted on this topic, no theoretical or empirical conclusion has been reached. Empirical studies conducted on this topic mostly suffer from endogeneity problems and failed to capture the effects of armed conflict on the efficiency of aid expenditure. Using Seemingly...

Author(s): James Francis Davis

January 2024

International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation
Soil physicochemical properties and macroarthropod abundance across two segments of a temperate forest in Darma Valley, Kumaun Himalaya, India

The study focused on soil macroarthropods, exploring their characteristics, environmental interactions, and role in soil nutrient dynamics—a subject that has been relatively understudied. To fill this gap, research was conducted in a temperate forest of Darma Valley, District Pithoragarh, Kumaun Himalaya, India. The forest was divided into two segments: A (disturbed) and B (undisturbed), based on anthropogenic...

Author(s): Priya Bisht, Pardeep Kumar Sharma, Narendra Singh Lotani, Chandra Singh Negi

January 2024

International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation
Spatio-temporal infestation dynamics and influence of silvicultural pruning on shea trees (Vitellaria paradoxa Gaertn. C.F.) to control Loranthaceae parasites in northern Côte d'Ivoire

Parasitic plants of the Loranthaceae family are responsible for the loss of shea trees, limiting fruit production and the survival of shea parklands in northern Côte d'Ivoire. The study aims to quantify the frequency of infestation by Loranthaceae from 2019 to 2021 and to assess the impact of silvicultural pruning techniques on the recrudescence of infestations. The methodology consisted of successively...

Author(s): Saraka Didier Martial Yao, Jean Simon Konan Assouman, Wentoin Alimata Marie Pierre Daramcoum, Seydou Sandona Coulibaly, Kpagni Antoine Ble, Eric-Blanchard Zadjehi Koffi and Nafan Diarrassouba

January 2024

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology
Factors associated with tuberculosis among people who inject drugs (IDUs) in Senegal in 2022

Drug use is a major public health issue. It can promote the transmission of infectious diseases. The aim of this study was to determine the factors associated with tuberculosis among injecting drug users supervised at the addiction treatment center in Dakar. This was a cross-sectional, descriptive and analytical study in injecting drug users supervised at the Addictology Unit of Fann Hospital from January 1st, 2015 to...

Author(s): Mbayang Ndiaye, Amadou Ibra Diallo, Idrissa B. A., Mouhamadou Faly Ba, Fatoumata Bintou Diongue and Adama Faye,  

January 2024

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology
Health needs assessment of urban areas and the key interventions: A case study of Nairobi City County

Urbanization has led to complex challenges in healthcare in many cities globally. This study involved a health needs assessment of Nairobi City County to elucidate the health dynamics among the diverse Nairobi City population. The health needs assessment encompassed profiling the Nairobi City County population, identifying the prevailing health priorities, and recommending strategic interventions. The findings show high...

Author(s): Martha W. Kiarie-Makara and Collince Odero Omondi

January 2024

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology
Prevalence and determinants of repeat pregnancy among adolescent girls in selected health areas of the Limbe Health District of Cameroon: A community-based cross-sectional study

Repeat pregnancy is a significant public health concern due to its association with adverse maternal and child health outcomes. Understanding the factors contributing to repeat pregnancy is crucial for developing effective interventions and improving reproductive health services. This study aims to provide valuable insights into the prevalence and determinants of repeat pregnancy in the Limbe Health District, which can...

Author(s): Chrisantus E. Ukah,Vanessa Tabe Orock-Benem, Claudine M. Shei, Claudia N. Ngeha, Franck Donald T. Nangue, Syveline Z. Dang, Myra M. Mande and Malika Ekeme

January 2024

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology
COVID-19 vaccine uptake among healthcare workers in the Limbe Health district of Cameroon

Several efforts are made to control spread of COVID-19. Vaccines are one of the tools currently used to control spread of the disease. This study aimed to assess the uptake of COVID-19 vaccines and determinants among healthcare workers in the Limbe health district of Cameroon. A cross-sectional study was carried out among 405 health workers in selected health facilities. A multi-stage sampling technique was used to...

Author(s): Chrisantus E Ukah, Joshua Tambe, Elvis A Tanue, Claudia N Ngeha, Claudine M Shei Tabe Orock-Benim Vanessa, Mirabelle Pandong Feguem, Dickson S Nsagha  

January 2024

Journal of Stored Products and Postharvest Research
Orange peel powder and cypress ash affecting bean weevil (Acanthoscelides obtectus) and preserving seed viability

Common bean Phaseolus vulgaris is highly attacked during storage by Acanthoscelides obtectus which reduces seeds quantity, quality and germination rate. Due to the hazards of synthetic chemicals to humans and the environment, there is a need to promote the application of phytochemicals. Orange peel powder, cypress leaf ash and their mixture were assessed against A. obtectus and to determine their influence on seed...

Author(s): Katamssadan Haman Tofel, Divine Nsobinenyui, Linus Nkwain, Wini Jean Goudoungou, and Elias Nchiwan Nukenine  

January 2024

African Journal of Bacteriology Research
Description of carbapenemase variants type OXA-181 and NDM-5 in clinical isolates of Enterobacteria in Senegal

Antibiotic resistance is a global scourge. Carbapenems are one remedy for treating infections caused by extended-spectrum beta-lactamases (ESBL)-producing enterobacterales. Unfortunately, carbapenemase-producing enterobacterales (EPC) are emerging. In Senegal, the epidemiology of carbapenem resistance genes needs to be updated. From January 2019 to July 2022, 240 enterobacteria were selected from Fann Hospital (Dakar)...

Author(s): Habibou Sarr, Aissatou Ahmet Niang, Amadou Diop, Fatoumata Diallo, Baidy Dieye, Mba El hadji Bambo Diakhaby, Rokhaya Diagne, Roughyatou Ka, Mouhamadou Lamine Dia and Ahmad Iyane Sow  

January 2024

Journal of Entomology and Nematology
Molecular identification of Metarhabditis rainai (Nematoda: Rhabditidae) infecting fall armyworm Spodoptera frugiperda (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) on maize in Ghana

The primary management strategy against the invasive fall armyworm (FAW) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) on maize in Ghana involves the application of synthetic insecticides. However, this approach has raised concerns related to human, animal and ecological health, prompting the exploration of alternative, environmentally friendly management strategies. Entomopathogenic nematodes (EPNs) have shown efficacy against FAW and...

Author(s): Yaw Danso, Joseph Adomako, Ruth Prempeh, Aboagye Benjamin Danso, Wadie Blankson Amoabeng, Kofi Frimpong-Anin, Bismark Abugri and Brandford Moses Mochiah

January 2024

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
Impact of waste vehicle tyres incineration and heavy metals contamination of soil in some locations in Lafia, Nasarawa State

This study was carried out in Lafia, to determine metallic pollution in soils due to incineration of tyre on the soils at different layers and the effect of pH on the heavy metals leaching. Soil composite samples were collected from 5 identified locations (Shabu, Wakwa Alhaji, Ombi1, Tudun Amba and Akurba) manually at various depths, 0-10, 11-20 and 21-30 cm using a stainless-steel hand auger. Atomic Absorption...

Author(s): Joseph Ikwebe and Christopher David Bando,

January 2024

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
An assessment of health care waste generation rates in public, faith-based and private health facilities in Douala, Littoral Region of Cameron

Healthcare wastes are potentially dangerous to both humans and the environment due to their unique characteristics. The quantity generated continues to increase in varying proportions across different healthcare facilities, partly based on ownership and management styles, which represent significant constraints on healthcare delivery. This study assessed healthcare waste generation rates and management systems in eleven...

Author(s): Noela E Kazeem and Veronica E Manga

January 2024

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
Revitalizing maize production through managing biological N fixation, soil acidification and nitrous oxide emission from legumes in tropics

Legume associations address challenges related to soil fertility and land degradation commonly encountered in maize monocultures. However, it's important to note that legumes contribute to the production of both nitrous oxide (N2O) and hydrogen ions (H+). In our examination of 693 manuscripts published between 1941 and 2023 to document the benefits of legumes in maize-based cropping systems, we identified and...

Author(s): Daniel Markos and Tarekegn Yoseph

January 2024

Journal of Public Administration and Policy Research
Evolution of public-private partnerships in Zimbabwe's state universities

Despite persuasive heuristics and pragmatic promotion for the use of Public-Private Partnerships (PPPs) to infuse dynamism into public sector infrastructure development, little is known about their progress in Zimbabwe's state universities. This study traces the evolution and validation of PPPs as an alternative funding option for the development of educational infrastructure in Zimbabwean state universities and...

Author(s): Charles Massimo, Paul Mavima and Jeffrey Kurebwa

January 2024

Journal of Public Administration and Policy Research
The impact of leadership in organizational dynamics and change management in the mining sector: A case study of Bindura Nickel Mine, Zimbabwe

Zimbabwe is a nation blessed with a diversity of minerals and metals that have necessitated the establishment of a large number of mining companies.  However, the mining industry has constantly experienced new developments in terms of new technologies, changing employee demographics, global economic competition and economic shocks related to the instability of both domestic and global financial markets. In this...

Author(s): Judith Mwenje and Edgar Warikandwa

January 2024

African Journal of Business Management
Unearthing the catalysts and barriers shaping entrepreneurship growth in Blantyre City of Southern Malawi

The study explores the factors influencing entrepreneurship development in Malawi, with Blantyre city as the case study. Additionally, it investigates the relationship between education and entrepreneurial success, along with identifying the problems and barriers hindering potential entrepreneurs from initiating new ventures or enhancing existing businesses. Data for the study were collected through questionnaires...

Author(s): Nelson Nanteleza Ndala

January 2024

African Journal of Business Management
The relationship between management styles, technological environment, and firm economic performance in poor business environments: Evidence from Mali

The study aims to explore the interplay between management styles and the economic performance of firms, considering the mediating factor of the technological environment. A questionnaire survey was conducted to collect data from both managers and employees across 14 firms situated in Bamako, Mali. Utilizing 138 recovered questionnaires, the research employed the regression analysis method to test direct effects, while...

Author(s): Togola Moussa, Dengke Yu and Shuting Chen

January 2024

African Journal of Business Management
Impact of COVID-19 on Lesotho’s informal economy: A case study of the hair dressing sector

This paper uses real-time survey data from the hairdressing sector and qualitative response modeling to investigate the effects of the COVID-19 induced nationwide lockdown of March 2020 on Lesotho’s informal economy. Results show that workers in the hairdressing sector experienced challenges accessing basic goods and services in the wake of the lockdown. Workers also faced drops in hours worked and monthly...

Author(s): Moeti Damane and Mamotlohi Mochebelele

January 2024

African Journal of Food Science
Cyanogenic content, moisture, and color of cassava products commonly consumed in Zambia

Cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz) is an important food crop in sub-Saharan Africa due to its high carbohydrate content. This study collected 102 samples of dried cassava products, including cassava flour and chips, from households, processors, open markets, and supermarkets in seven districts of Zambia. The presence of naturally occurring cyanogenic glucosides in these products poses food safety risks to consumers. The...

Author(s): Madalitso Tembo, Emmanuel Oladeji Alamu, Albina Phoebe Bwembya, Chitundu Kasase, Emmanuel Likulunga Likulunga and David Chikoye

January 2024

African Journal of Food Science
Fatty acid profile of Haplozana nigrolineata, Acanthacris ruficornis and Protomacronema species, three edible arthropods in the Republic of the Congo

The purpose of this study was to assess the fatty acid profile of three edible arthropods in the Republic of the Congo. Samples of fresh arthropods were purchased, dried at 70°C in the oven and then ground to powder in the laboratory using a mortar and pestle. The lipid content of the powder was determined using the Soxhlet extraction method, and physico-chemical analysis of fatty acids (FAs) was carried out by gas...

Author(s): Michel Elenga,, Cassiel Itoua Onianguet Assoba, Germain Mabossy-Mobouna, Mignon Prince Exaucé Taty and Vital Mananga,

January 2024

African Journal of Food Science
Technological, physico-chemical and microbiological characterization of local plant-based infusions produced in Burkina Faso

Nowadays, local plant-based infusions represent the second most consumed drink in the world after water because of their therapeutic virtues. Several types of infusions are produced from different local plants and consumed in Burkina Faso. However, there are few studies on the production technology and quality of these infusions. This study is aimed at assessing the production technology and the quality of lemongrass,...

Author(s): François Tapsoba, Tiodjio Somé Rosine Edwige, Boureima Kagambèga, Sylvain S. Rouamba, Bakary Tarnagda, Cheikna Zongo and Aly Savadogo

January 2024

African Journal of Medical and Health Sciences
Unveiling the hidden battle: Impact of Charlson comorbidities index on critical illness rate and mortality among hospitalized COVID-19 patients, comparing vaccinated and unvaccinated individuals in Kenya: A retrospective study

  Fatal outcomes were observed in hospitalized COVID-19 patients, particularly among those who were unvaccinated and had comorbidities. Robust research is needed to validate these findings in both vaccinated and unvaccinated groups. The study, involving 1792 COVID-19 patients, explored the links between comorbidities and fatal outcomes. This single-center retrospective cohort study employed Cox proportional hazard...

Author(s): Isinta M. Elijah, W. Kitagwa, Dabo G Halake and Youxin Wang,  

January 2024

African Journal of Medical and Health Sciences
Malaria and anemia in pregnancy: A case control study on the effectiveness of intermittent preventive treatment with Sulphadoxine Pyrimethamine against malaria and anemia in Madina

Malaria is a parasitic infection transmitted through the bites of female Anopheles mosquitoes carrying Plasmodium and is often complicated by anemia. This co-morbidity significantly contributes to maternal and fetal illnesses. Over the years, intermittent preventive treatment with Sulfadoxine-Pyrimethamine (IPTp-SP) has been a key preventive measure against malaria and anemia in pregnant women. Malaria during pregnancy...

Author(s): Emmanuel U. Osisiogu, Dorcas M. Afi Fumadorh, Genevive Afia Amoakoa Agyapong, Cindy Naadei Nikoi, Priscilla Essandoh and Sandra Appiah Kubi

January 2024

African Journal of Medical and Health Sciences
Anticancer drugs prescription conformity in oncology care units: A retrospective and descriptive analytical study in Ivory Coast

The study conducted at Treichville University Hospital in Ivory Coast aimed to establish the prescription profile of anti-cancer drugs in the oncology department, with the goal of enhancing knowledge and optimizing prescription practices for this serious pathology. This retrospective and descriptive cross-sectional study spanned six months, during which anti-cancer drug prescriptions were collected from patient files...

Author(s): Kouassi Kouamé Konan, Kouakou S. Landry, Oddo Bitti Adde, Toure Yenahaban Lazare, Mebiala N’Guessan Prosper, Kouakou-Siransy Gisele  

January 2024

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Lack of technology hinders advancing aquaculture; special emphases on fish intestinal microbiota research in Africa

Fish farming plays a crucial role in aquaculture, providing protein and livelihoods to millions worldwide. Research on fish intestinal microbiota has gained increasing importance in recent years due to its critical roles in fish health, growth, disease resistance, and production. However, advanced aquaculture research, such as studying fish intestinal microbiota, faces significant challenges in Africa due to inadequate...

Author(s): Eric Amenyogbe, Eric Kwabena Droepenu, Rahmat Quaigrane Duker, George Lutterodt, Christian Larbi Ayisi, Grace Afumwaa Boamah and Jian-sheng Huang,  

January 2024

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Present feeding management practices and socio-economic conditions of dairy farmers in selected areas of Bangladesh

A field survey was conducted with a total of 540 dairy farmers interviewed personally to collect data on their socio-economic condition and feeding management practices of dairy farmers from 6 Upazila under 3 divisions of Bangladesh. As result, a maximum of the respondents (43%) belonged to the secondary level of education whereas only (3%) of the illiterate farmer was involved with dairy farming. Farmers of patiya...

Author(s): Nasrin Sultana, Jobaida Shovna Khanam, Tarequl Islam, Mohammed Khorshed Alam and Shamim Hasan  

January 2024

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Effects of Parkia biglobosa (Jacq.) R. Br. Ex G. litter on growth and production parameters of groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) on station in Lower Casamance

The judicious combination of crops and trees of interest remains one of the most convincing solutions to increase the yield of peanut production in rural areas while preserving the most important woody biodiversity. However, the impact of trees of interest on food crops needs to be determined. Therefore, this study was carried out to evaluate the effect of Parkia biglobosa litter on the growth and yield parameters of...

Author(s): Boubacar CAMARA, Arfang Ousmane Kemo GOUDIABY, Jean BASSENE, Sire DIEDHIOU, Papa Ngagne MBAYE, Aliou SOW, Seydou NDIAYE, Yaya DIATTA, Mamadou SOW, Yves Paterne SAGNA and Daouda NGOM

January 2024

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Effect of phytosanitary products on yield and grain quality of winter wheat in the conditions of Central Non-Chernozem region of Russia

One of the problems with producing winter wheat is the use of phytosaniatry products to guarantee high and steady winter wheat yields. Over the course of two years (2021-2022), field tests were carried out at the Federal Research Center Nemchinovka in Russia's Central Non-Black Earth area. With respect to intensity levels, such as basic, intense, and high intensity; this study sought to assess the impact of various...

Author(s): Congera Alexandre, Barry Mamadou, Joseph Nyambose, Basakin M. P., Nazih Y. Rebouh and Vedenski V. V.  

January 2024

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Adoption and impact of fruit fly control technologies on mango losses in Senegal

Senegal's mango production and export industry have experienced remarkable growth, contributing CFAF 8 billion to the economy and generating nearly 20,000 jobs, with women comprising half of the workforce. However, this success is threatened by fruit fly infestations, which can result in potential losses of up to 100% of production. The WAAPP Program, implemented from 2011 to 2013, aimed to combat this issue in...

Author(s): Fall Founty Alassane  

January 2024

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Adoption of sustainable land management practices among farmers under the Third National Fadama Development Project in Imo State, Nigeria

This study assessed the adoption of Sustainable Land Management (SLM) practices among farmers participating in the Third National Fadama Development Project in Imo State, Nigeria. Data were collected through structured questionnaires administered to 128 randomly selected members of Fadama User Groups (FUGs) in Imo State. The analysis utilized simple descriptive statistical tools such as frequency distribution tables,...

Author(s): Aja, O. O., Ugwoke, F. O., Anyoha, N. O., Okereke-Ejiogu, E. N. and Onyezi, S. A.  

January 2024

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Southwestern Kenya’s smallholder dairy farmers’ climate change perceptions, knowledge and adaptation

Globally, climate change (CC) adaptation is critical as CC compounds smallholder dairy farmers’ challenges. Farmers’ CC perceptions and knowledge could influence their CC adaptations. This study in Southwestern Kenya sought to establish smallholder dairy farmers’ CC perceptions and CC knowledge level and their relationships to CC adaptations. Concurrent Fixed Mixed Methods was used to collect data from...

Author(s): Charles Okech Odhiambo, Chrilukovian Bwire Wasike and Harun Okello Ogindo  

January 2024

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Ethnobotanical survey to evaluate the endogenous knowledge and consequences of Taro Leaf Blight (TLB) in Sudanian climatic zone of Burkina Faso

Leaf blight caused by Phytophthora colocasiae poses a significant threat to taro production in the Sudanian climatic zone of Burkina Faso. This study aims to assess producers' knowledge about the disease, its consequences, and field management practices. An ethnobotanical survey was conducted among taro producers between June and July 2021. Data were collected using a semi-structured questionnaire and analyzed...

Author(s): Marie Claire Cécé, Renan Ernest Traoré, Nicolas Ouédraogo and Gabin Korbéogo  

January 2024

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Response of maize grain yield to different sources of organic manure at varied levels of application

The experimental site was prepared and land used was 1,904 square feet (measuring 1706.88 by 1036.32 m). Varying rates (0.5, 1, and 1.5 kg) of three organic manures (palm kernel cake, bio char, Gliricidia sepium and poultry/chicken manure) were applied on maize variety DMR-ESR-yellow. The design was a randomized complete block design in a factorial arrangement with three replications, with a plot size of 4 by 4ft. Each...

Author(s): Fasuluku Bayoh, Melvin S. George, Fayia A. Kassoh and Alieu M. Bah  

January 2024

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Enhancing wheat productivity for small-scale farmers in the northern state of Sudan through developing a local made seed cleaner and different seeding methods

The wheat cleaner was designed, manufactured, and tested in the workshop of the Department of Agricultural Engineering, Faculty of Agricultural Sciences, University of Dongola, and Northern State of Sudan. The purpose was to enhance productivity for small-scale farmers who traditionally plant their saved wheat seeds every season, facing risks of weed infestation and low viability. A one-season field experiment was then...

Author(s): Yasir Hassan Satti and Fahad Alwagie    

January 2024

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Antibacterial activity and phytochemical investigation of leaf and root extracts of Aloe gilbertii Reynolds

The objective of the study was to test the antibacterial activities of crude extracts of roots and leaves of Aloe gilbertii Reynolds against clinical pathogens. The crude extracts were prepared via maceration technique employing n-hexane, acetone, chloroform, dichloromethane:methanol (50:50% V/V) and methanol solvent system. The phytochemical screening tests of the dichloromethane:methanol (50:50% V/V) root extract of...

Author(s): Dagne Addisu, Kibret Fekadu, Salah Hamza and Legesse Adane

January 2024

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Antibiotic sensitivity patterns of nosocomial infections bacterial isolates in National Hospital in Niamey, Niger

Nosocomial infections are recognized as a global public health issue, with causative bacteria often exhibiting high levels of antibiotic resistance. However, there is a paucity of data on multidrug-resistant bacteria in nosocomial infections in Niger. This study aimed to determine the antibiotic sensitivity of bacteria isolated from specimens of patients suffering from nosocomial infections. Samples collected from...

Author(s): Laouali Boubou, Alio Mahamadou Fody, Allassane Halawen Mohamed, Ali Moussa, Eric Adehossi Omar, and Lassana Sangare

January 2024

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Microbiological quality and safety of poultry processed in Africa: A review

Poultry is the second most consumed meat in the world. In Africa, chicken production and processing are practiced both formally and informally, with smallholders constituting the majority in this sector. Informal practices are vulnerable to the production and processing of chicken, which is easily contaminated by pathogens such as Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus, Salmonella, and Campylobacter. The growth of the...

Author(s): Noémia André Mugabe, Abdulsudi Issa-Zacharia and Jamal Kussaga

January 2024

African Journal of Political Science and International Relations
The paradox of silencing the guns and increasing conflicts: A critical appraisal of the role of the African Union institutions

This paper aims to highlight the reasons behind the escalating conflicts in Africa in recent years. Through a desk review of the literature on ongoing conflicts, the paper attempts to unpack the paradox surrounding the goal of silencing guns in Africa by the year 2020 and beyond. The objective is to uncover the reasons causing and contributing to conflicts in Africa. The study concludes that the sources of violent...

Author(s): Kebede Kassa Tsegaye  

Page 7 of 1271, showing 50 records out of 63531 total, starting on record 301, ending on 350