Articles

 

Articles

Page 8 of 1155, showing 50 records out of 57748 total, starting on record 351, ending on 400

January 2019

African Journal of Food Science
Evaluation of nutritional composition, bioactive compounds and antimicrobial activity of Elaeocarpus serratus fruit extract

The species Elaeocarpus serratus is widely used as an ornamental tree and their fruits are still little explored as food. Thus, the objectives of this research were to determine the physical, chemical and antimicrobial properties of E. serratus fruit in order to evaluate its food potential. Therefore, this study evaluated the physical and chemical composition and the antimicrobial activity of E. serratus fruit. The...

Author(s): Fernando Freitas de Lima, Caroline Alves Breda, Claudia Andrea Lima Cardoso, Marta Cristina Teixeira Duarte and Eliana Janet Sanjinez-Argandoña

January 2019

African Journal of Pure and Applied Chemistry
Effects of chemical modification on functional and physical properties of African star apple kernel (Chrysophyllum albidnum) starch

Starch isolated from Chrysophyllum albidnum (African star apple) was subjected to modification by acetylation, carboxymethylation and succinylation process. Chemical modifications effect on functional properties as well as physiochemical parameters of starch was analysed. The percentage yield of native starch was 73.22±0.93%; however the value increased after modifications. The proximate determination of the...

Author(s): Ibikunle Adeola Ahmed, Sanyaolu Nurudeen Olanrewaju, Yussuf Sodiq Tolulope Ogunneye Adeyemi Lawrence, Badejo Olayemi Aderanti and Olaniyi Oluwafunmilayo Mary  

January 2019

International Journal of Water Resources and Environmental Engineering
Effect of first watering month on water requirement of sugarcane using CROPWAT Model in Finchaa Valley, Ethiopia

This study investigates the optimum water requirements of Sugarcane planted in different months under rainfall and irrigation management, using CROPWAT model at Finchaa Valley in view of the importance of efficient water use as a key to grow crops and satisfy water demand. Analysis of soil physical properties was performed following the standard field and laboratories procedures and methods. The result of investigation...

Author(s): Chala Daba Geleta

January 2019

International Journal of Water Resources and Environmental Engineering
Tannery wastewater treatment using two-stage anaerobic sequence batch reactor (ASBR) at mesophilic and thermophilic phase

Industrialization has resulted in the formation of huge amount of waste products, which are released into the environment in the form of wastewater leading to environmental pollution and deterioration. Tannery effluent is among one of the dangerous pollutants of the industry. Most of the leather industries in Ethiopia discharge their effluent partially or without any treatment to the nearby water bodies. This creates a...

Author(s): Messay Emana and Mekibib Dawita  

January 2019

Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development
Review on gendered perspective of household’s participation in agricultural activities in Ethiopia

Gender is a crosscutting issue that attracts the attention of development professionals, policy makers and politicians. It is due to the fact that in any development, interventions involvement of women has become compulsory. To this end, considering the roles of men and women is very important, and gender roles vary across culture. In Ethiopia where agriculture is the backbone of the economy, the participation of women...

Author(s): Fenet Belayand Alemayehu Oljira   

January 2019

Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development
Enhancing sorghum yield through demonstration of improved sorghum varieties in Tanqua-Abergelle Wereda, Central Zone of Tigray, Ethiopia

With the aim of improving food security through enhanced production and productivity of sorghum a demonstration of two improved sorghum varieties (Chare and Melkam) was conducted in two selected Kebelle (Shekha-Tekhli and Agbe) of Tanqua-Abergelle Wereda. A total of 100 farming households (88 male and 12 female) who are beneficiaries of the Productive Safety Net Program were purposively selected. Each farmer planted the...

Author(s): Gebru Brhane, Fantaye Belay, Tsegay Gebreselassie and Daniel Desta  

January 2019

Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health
Reproductive health problems and associated risk factors in intensively managed dairy cows in Alage, Southern Ethiopia

Cross sectional study was conducted in Alage dairy farm with the objectives of determining the causes of reproductive wastages, their prevalence and the risk factors on 173 dairy cows (68 Holstein Friesian (HF) and 105 Borena breed) from November 2017 to April 2018. Additionally, a one year data, from September, 2016 to September, 2017 on a total of 172 cows were analyzed. From the one year record data, 33.72% (n=58) of...

Author(s): Addis Kassahun Gebremeskel, Bereket Molla Tanga, Yohannes Nigatu and Chala Feyera Olkeba  

January 2019

Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health
Health and welfare problems of pack donkeys and cart horses in and around Holeta town, Walmara district, Central Ethiopia

This study was conducted from October, 2013 to May, 2014 to identify and compare common health and welfare problems of pack donkeys and cart horses in and around Holeta town, central Ethiopia. The presence of the problems was directly assessed on 301 pack donkeys and 84 cart horses, and indirectly assessed in the areas where the study animals were living, grazing and working. Indirect assessments of the problems were...

Author(s): Chala Chaburte, Bojia Endabu, Feleke Getahun, Alemayehu Fanta, Zerihun Asefa, and Kassaye Aragaw  

January 2019

Journal of Stored Products and Postharvest Research
Post-harvest losses in maize store-time and marketing model perspectives in Sub-Saharan Africa

Post‒harvest losses of maize are almost half of the produced grains in Sub‒Saharan Africa. Efforts to reverse this trend are recommended. Thus, there is a prerequisite to create a post‒harvest loss resilient strategy to guide small scale maize growing farmers in Africa. In this review, critical elements underlying post‒harvest losses in Africa such as infestation by insect‒pests, microbes, rodents, poor transportation...

Author(s): Jennifer Swai, Ernest R. Mbega, Arnold Mushongi and Patrick A. Ndakidemi  

January 2019

Journal of Stored Products and Postharvest Research
Postharvest loss assessment of maize (Zea mays) along its value chain in Nigeria

Maize is the third most important cereal and staple globally. Poor agricultural policies and funding are the major problems of agriculture in Nigeria. This work was aimed at studying maize postharvest losses through identification of causes and sources. Data were gathered via Commodity Systems Assessment Methodology which includes 26 components, structured interviews and protocols for measuring quantity, quality and...

Author(s): Kitinoja Lisa, Dandago Munir Abba and Abdullahi Nura  

January 2019

Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health Sciences
Determination of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in blood plasma of neurology patients

The etiology of many neurological cases cannot be easily delineated, making the investigation, and treatment to be challenging. This study aims to screen the blood of neurology patients presenting for the first time in the hospital for Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs) using Flame Ionization Detector – Gas Chromatography. Fourteen PAHs were detected in the samples. The results showed that flourene and...

Author(s): Olabanji Iyabo Oluremi, Asubiojo Olabode Idowu, Komolafe Morenikeji Adedoyin, Akintomide Anthony and Adeniji Ayodeji Oluwole  

January 2019

Journal of AIDS and HIV Research
Prevalence and associated factors of Helicobacter pylori Infection among HIV positive adults on Anti-retroviral Therapy

Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infections are worldwide healthcare burdens. This study aimed to assess the prevalence and associated factors of H. pylori infection among HIV patients at Southern-Ethiopia. A Hospital based cross-sectional study was conducted at Hawassa University comprehensive specialized hospital on 390 HIV infected adults on antiretroviral therapy from September...

Author(s): Addis G. Mariam, Techalew Shimelis, Agete Tadewos, Fanuel Belayneh and Demiss Niguse      

January 2019

International Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism
Acute glycemic level and its association with physical activity recommendation among type 2 diabetic patients in Illubabor zone oromiya, Ethiopia

Poor and inadequate glycemic control among patients with Type 2 diabetes constitutes a major public health problem and major risk factor for development of diabetes complications. In clinical practice, optimal glycemic control is difficult to obtain because the reasons for poor glycemic control in Type 2 diabetes are complex. This study aims to determine Acute glycemic level and its association with physical activity...

Author(s): Beakal Zinab and Rukiya Debalke  

January 2019

International NGO Journal
Challenges of donor fund allocation and utilization: The case of United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) Ethiopia

Donor funding has irreplaceable role in alleviating multilayered problems of developing countries, especially sub-Sahara Africa. Meanwhile, it is so paradoxical to see researches remarking “after half a century of channeling resources to the Third World, little development has taken place”. It is not as such difficult to note, in almost all of sub-Saharan Africa, there is a high degree of indebtedness, high...

Author(s): Samuel Tilahun  

January 2019

International Journal of Psychology and Counselling
Assessment of diabetes related distress among subjects with type 2 diabetes in South India

Diabetes is a complex chronic disease that affects not only an individual’s physical health, but can also have a profound impact on mental wellbeing. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of DRD among subjects with type 2 diabetes (T2DM) using Diabetes Distress Scale-17 (DDS-17) and to see its correlation with glycemic control and treatment modalities. A cross-sectional study of 400 T2DM subjects (200...

Author(s): Hemavathi P., Satyavani K., Smina T. P. and Vijay V.  

January 2019

Journal of Geography and Regional Planning
The paradox of post-colonial urban growth in the city of Zaria, Nigeria

Post-colonial urban growth and expansion is spiralling in Nigerian cities, marked by a curious lack of planning in the newly developed areas despite an initial impetus during the colonial administration for some measure of formal regulation. This paper attempts to examine the character of the phenomenon and its contrasts with the foundation laid for modern formal town planning during the colonial era in Nigeria. It...

Author(s): Sani Ma’aruf  

January 2019

Journal of Geography and Regional Planning
Analyzing spatial and non-spatial factors that influence educational quality of primary schools in emerging regions of Ethiopia: Evidence from geospatial analysis and administrative time series data

Education is the most powerful instrument to transform socioeconomic status of given society. However, education will be only more effective when its quality is sustained.  Education without quality is a gun without bullet. In developing countries there are number of factors that affect education quality. However, little is known about those factors. Therefore, this study seeks to identify spatial and non-spatial...

Author(s): Abraha Tesfay Abraha  

January 2019

African Journal of Biochemistry Research
Studies on some physicochemical properties of Rhodanese synthesized by Bacillus cereus isolated from the effluents of iron and steel smelting industry

The study purified and investigated the physicochemical properties of rhodanese (a cyanide detoxifying enzyme) synthesized by Bacillus cereus. This was with a view to producing an industrially important enzyme. The bacterial strain was identified as B. cereus by sequencing of its 16SrRNA gene. B. cereus rhodanese was purified with a fold of 3.53, yield of 36.80% and specific activity of 25.30 µmol/min/mg protein....

Author(s): Babamotemi Oluwasola Itakorode, Raphael Emuebie Okonji, Odunayo Adedeji, Nkem Torimiro, Chinwe Onwudiegwu and Ademakinwa Oluwaseyi  

January 2019

Journal of Diabetes and Endocrinology
Knowledge regarding diabetic complications among diabetic clients attending outpatient department in a tertiary hospital, Kathmandu

Diabetes, a known medical problem for more than two millennia, provokes complication in many parts of body and increase risk of premature death. Prevalence of diabetes is steadily increasing everywhere, most markedly in the world's low and middle- income countries. Diabetes Mellitus (DM) is a devastating disease but complications of Diabetes Mellitus can be prevented or delayed through proper awareness and...

Author(s): Nabina Paneru  and  Raj Devi Adhikari    

January 2019

Journal of Geology and Mining Research
Remote sensing signature of geological structures inferred on landsat imagery of Afikpo area Southeastern Nigeria

Satellite remote sensing has contributed immensely to the interpretation of linear features and other geological structures. In the study area, lineaments mapped were linear and planar features on satellite imageries that are expression of fractures, or faults within the subsurface.  Image lines of different contrast may extend from a few centimetres to several of metres in length. The Landsat imagery used has a...

Author(s): Okeke, C. J., Ukaegbu, V. U. and Egesi, N.  

January 2019

International Journal of English and Literature
Are these students strategic enough? The study of college students” application of self-regulation strategy into task oriented English learning

Self-regulation is a popular theoretical application into discussing the second language (L2) learning efficacy. Students apply a variety of strategies to regulate their learning processes. In order to explore students’ self-regulatory learning strategies, this study assigned a 3-minute English introduction for the freshmen of the sport college students and observed their process of completing the task. Students...

Author(s): Angel Hsieh  

January 2019

Journal of Diabetes and Endocrinology
Antihyperglycaemic effect of aqueous extract of Moringa oleifera leaf on alloxan-induced diabetic male Wistar rats

This research was designed to investigate antihyperglycaemic impact of aqueous extract of Moringa oleifera leaf on alloxan-induced diabetic male wistar rats. Diabetes is a metabolic disease linked to weakened sugar metabolism. Managing diabetes devoid of any adverse effect remains an issue to health system. Therefore, there is an increase in the search for better anti-diabetic medicine. M. oleifera leaves were...

Author(s): Ebenezer Abimbola Morolahun, Senga Kali Pemba and Cassian Celestine  

January 2019

International Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences
Prevalence and risk factors of acute backache after spinal anesthesia in surgical procedures at Asella Teaching and Referal Hospital, Asella, Ethiopia

Spinal anesthesia is one of the routinely anesthetic procedures done in practice. Post spinal backache is one of the complications causing discomfort in patients, leading to rejection of its use for next operations. The aim of this work is to assess the prevalence and factors associated with backache after spinal anesthesia from October to January at Asella Teaching and Referral Hospital, Asella, Ethiopia, 2016....

Author(s): Ashebir Nigussie Yirgu and Ayele Bekele Weyessa  

January 2019

African Journal of History and Culture
The unwritten historical perspectives of Akan spokespersons staffs

The Akan of Ghana are one of the ‘richest’ ethnic groups in the country. They are known to be the first ethnic group that settled in Ghana, hence the reason for the name “kan (e)” which means ‘the first’. There are several subgroups that are classified under the eight main clans of the Akan and all of these subgroups are well known for their rich culture. Among the Akan culture the...

Author(s): Eric Appau Asante, Alice Korkor Ebeheakey, Kwame Opoku-Bonsu and John (Junior) Cornah

January 2019

International Journal of Library and Information Science
Information acquisition mechanism of universities libraries: An empirical study of public university libraries in Ghana

This paper takes a critical look at how academic libraries in Ghana acquire their information/materials. The investigation was mainly based on interviews. The interviews were conducted in four Ghanaian public university libraries from January 2014 to March 2015. In all, 38 senior members were interviewed. The findings indicated among other that the libraries under study purchase their library materials through...

Author(s): Florence Dedzoe-Dzokotoe Plockey, Deborah Kore Appiah and Rejoice Akushika Ofori  

January 2019

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology
Assessment of public knowledge, attitude and practices towards rabies in the community of Kombolcha, Southern Wollo, Amhara Reginal State, Ethiopia

The study was conducted from November 2016 to April 2017 in 12 kebeles (the smallest administrative unit of Ethiopia) of Kombolcha, Southern Wollo Amhara Regional State, Ethiopia. The aims of the study were to assess the knowledge, attitudes and practices (KAP) of Kombolcha’s community toward rabies and associated risk factors. A cross-sectional study design and multistage sampling procedures were employed to...

Author(s): Addis Kassahun Gebremeskel, Bereket Molla Tanga, Abebaw Getachew and Yimam Eshetu

January 2019

Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytotherapy
Ethnobotanical survey of plants traditionally used for malaria prevention and treatment in indigenous villages of Tepi Town South West Ethiopia

Increased resistance to insecticides and established drugs by malaria vectors necessitate the search for alternative cost-effective malaria control tools in the Ethiopia. Traditional remedies are the most important source of therapeutics of the population and more than 85% of the traditional medical preparations in Ethiopia are of plant origin. As the Ethiopian indigenous medicinal plants' knowledge and diversity is...

Author(s): Dagne Abebe and Belachew Garedew  

January 2019

Journal of Medical Laboratory and Diagnosis
The impact of needle diameter and penetration depth of safety lancets on blood volume and pain perception in 300 volunteers: A randomized controlled trial

The aim of the study is to determine and measure the blood volume as well as level of pain of the study volunteers after being punctured with different safety lancets (varying sizes) from 20 s to 2 m.  Blood sample can be used in a number of ways: for diagnosis, to determine health condition generally and for screening. 300 subjects were punctured 4 times with different safety lancets.  After each puncture...

Author(s): Katarzyna Jarus-Dziedzic, Gajane Zurawska, Karolina Banys and Justyna Morozowska  

January 2019

Journal of Parasitology and Vector Biology
A pilot study on isolation of Asaia and detecting its co-presence with Plasmodium falciparum in two major malaria vectors in Senegal

The declining of malaria creates the opportunity to accelerate its elimination. However, the elimination program is threatened by the spread of insecticide resistance among Anopheles (An.) mosquitoes, stressing the urgent need for new vector control strategies. Recent evidence of stable infection of anopheles’ symbionts that could affect the development of Plasmodium parasites within mosquitoes, has paved the way...

Author(s): Hubert Bassene,#, El Hadji Amadou Niang,#, Florence Fenollar, Souleymane Doucoure, Badara Samb, Ousmane Faye, Didier Raoult, Cheikh Sokhna, and Oleg Mediannikov  

January 2019

Journal of Soil Science and Environmental Management
Nutrient release pattern from Leptic Cambisols as influenced by vermicompost and inorganic fertilizer applications

An experiment was conducted to determine the effects of vermicompost, inorganic fertilizers and their combinations on release of soil nutrients at different growth stages of wheat. A factorial combination of four levels of inorganic fertilizers (0, 33.33, 66.66, and 100% of the recommended NPK fertilizers) and vermicompost (0, 2, 4 and 6 t ha-1) were laid out in complete randomized design with three replications. Soil...

Author(s): Molla Hadis, Gashaw Meteke and Wassie Haile  

January 2019

Journal of Soil Science and Environmental Management
Soil moisture variability effects on maize crop performance along a toposequence of a terraced vertisol in Machakos, Kenya

Recurrent droughts are often associated with crop failure and therefore food insecurity especially in semi-arid areas of Kenya. A study was conducted in Machakos County in the long rain and short rain seasons of 2014 to determine the effect of soil moisture variability on crop performances and yields along the toposequence of a terraced vertisol. The crops were grown as either sole maize, sole beans or maize-bean...

Author(s): Mbugua H., Baaru M. W. and Gachene C. K.  

January 2019

Journal of Horticulture and Forestry
Ecological assessment of plant diversity and associated edaphic and topographic variables in the Gra-Kahsu forests of Ethiopia

The study was conducted to assess the influences of edaphic and topographic variables on plant diversity on the slopes of Gra-kahsu forest area. Collection of vegetation data was made using systematic sampling methods, laying 19 transects and 62 quadrats, each with 20 m × 20 m for trees and 5 m × 5 m for shrubs. In each quadrat, heights (1.5 m), diameters (2.5cm) and numbers of woody species, level of...

Author(s): Tesfay Atsbha, Anteneh Belayneh Desta    

January 2019

African Journal of Medical and Health Sciences
Utilization of Postnatal Care Services after home delivery in Ethiopia: A Multilevel Logistic Regression Analysis

Despite postnatal care services significant role in improving maternal and new-born health, services are underutilized in most developing countries including Ethiopia. Utilization of postnatal care services in many countries is very low. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of postnatal care service utilization and also, identify determinant factors of utilization of postnatal care services and assess the...

Author(s): Yebelay Berelie, Endalew Tesfa and Tizazu Bayko  

January 2019

African Journal of Political Science and International Relations
Pan-Africanism or Pragmatism? Lessons of Tanganyika-Zanzibar Union

In his book on, “Pan-Africanism or Pragmatism? Lessons of Tanganyika-Zanzibar Union”, Shivji presents an account of issues, dramas, and politics surrounding the Union of Tanganyika and Zanzibar. He also includes an account of the January 1984 Chama Cha Mapinduzi (CCM)’s Conference held in Dodoma that toppled President of Zanzibar, then Aboud Jumbe Mwinyi. This book brings back the debate on...

Author(s): M. A. Katundu  

January 2019

Journal of Hospitality Management and Tourism
Assessing working-environment of employees in the hospitality industry: The case of hotels in Dessie and Kobolecha towns

The study assesses the working environment of employees in the hospitality industry in the case of the hotel sector in Dessie and Kobolecha towns. Descriptive type of research was applied with a survey design. A close ended questionnaire method was used. The reliability measure of the questionnaire items is 0.86 based on Cronbach’s Alpha. Samples of 78 employees were selected based on simple random sampling...

Author(s): Tesfaye Fentaw Nigatu  

January 2019

Journal of Cell and Animal Biology
Review on breeding objectives and practices of dairy cattle production in Ethiopia

The review aims to examine dairy cattle production system together with pastoral and agro- pastoral, small holder, peri urban and urban intensive dairy cattle production system, breeding practice including mating system (natural mating and Artificial Insemination), breeding objectives, reproductive and productive traits of dairy cattle in Ethiopia. In Ethiopia most farmers use natural, unplanned and uncontrolled mating...

Author(s): Afras Abera Alilo  

January 2019

International Journal of Nursing and Midwifery
Knowledge of partograph utilization and its associated factors: A cross-sectional survey in Wolaita Zone Southern Ethiopia

Obstructed and prolonged labours are major causes of maternal death. To alleviate this problem, obstetrics care providers’ knowledge on the basic obstetrics case management is crucial which include partograph use. Partograph is a cost-effective single sheet of paper used to follow fetal, maternal condition and progress of labour. The objective of this study is to assess knowledge of obstetrics care providers on...

Author(s): Kidest Getu Melese and Eyasu Tamru Bekiru  

January 2019

Journal of Environmental Chemistry and Ecotoxicology
Groundwater quality distribution by geostatistical investigation (GIS), Nile Delta, Northern Egypt

The Nile Delta represents two-thirds of agricultural output with low precipitation and population growth that depletes the groundwater. The Quaternary aquifer is consisted of Holocene (aquitard) underlain by Pleistocene (aquifer), and groundwater flows from south to north, northwest, and northeast directions. The total dissolved solids (TDS) concentration increases toward the western and northeastern part in 1997 by...

Author(s): Mohamed ElKashouty,  

January 2019

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Effects of reduced spacing on maize productivity, CO2 assimilation and gas exchange

The objective of this study is to evaluate the interference of reduced spacing in the physiological and characteristics production components of maize hybrids (Zea mays L.). Four line spacings (95, 80, 60 and 40 cm) were tested using three commercial hybrids (H1, H2 and H3) in Senador Guiomard, Acre, Brazil. The experimental design of randomized complete blocks was used in subdivided plots. The experiment lasted four...

Author(s): Luan de Oliveira Nascimento, Josimar Batista Ferreira, Marcio de Oliveira Martins, Gleisson de Oliveira Nascimento and Antonia Fabiana Barros de Lima  

January 2019

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Management and organization of shina-hamusit and selamko irrigation schemes to preliminary assessment in South Gondar Zone, Ethiopia

The utilization of small-scale irrigation schemes plays a significant role in addressing food security problems as a supplementary with rain-fed or irrigation agriculture in the basin and as a whole in the country. The conveyance efficiency values at Shina-Hamusit was 73%, while at Selamko it was 59%. These values showed that the conveyance loss is huge in both irrigation schemes, especially at Selamko that has canals...

Author(s): Abebe Shenkut Manaze  

January 2019

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Nutrient cycling in multifunctional agroecosystems with the use of plant cocktail as cover crop and green manure in the semi-arid

Plant cocktails used as cover crop present a significant multifunctional resource compared to monoculture, which may increase functional diversity within crop rotation and is particularly effective for designing mixtures with characteristics that increase the multifunctionality and sustainability of the agroecosystem. The objective was to evaluate sustainable agroecosystems models that improve the efficiency of nutrient...

Author(s): Antonio Pereira Filho, José Teixeira Filho, Alessandra Monteiro Salviano, Jony Eishi Yuri and Vanderlise Giongo  

January 2019

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Socio-economic aspects related to feeding resources and practices in selected intensive dairy farms in Central Ethiopia

Dairy cattle productivity is affected by many factors such as genetics, infectious diseases, husbandry and diet. Fodder resources, fodder availability and feeding strategies were assessed by means of questionnaires and interviews in seventeen dairy farms in Addis Ababa, Sendafa and Debre Zeit. Nutrient content was analyzed from hay sample. The farms were categorized as small, medium or large. Nutrient content, as well...

Author(s): Solomon Araya GebreMichael, Gizachew Gemete, Adane Mihret, Pascale Waelti and Rea Tschopp,  

January 2019

African Journal of Plant Science
Traits association and path coefficient analysis of yield and related traits in rainfed lowland rice (Oryza sativa L.) genotypes in North Western Ethiopia

The current study was conducted to assess the trait association and path analyses in thirty-six rain fed lowland rice genotypes at two locations. The aim of this present study was to estimate the extent of association between pairs of characters at phenotypic and genotypic levels and thereby compare the direct and indirect effects of the characters. The field experiment was laid out in 6x6 simple lattice design with two...

Author(s): Tefera Abebe, Sentayehu Alamerew and Leta Tulu  

January 2019

African Journal of Plant Science
Growth, yield component and yield response of durum wheat (Triticum turgidum L. var. Durum) to blended NPS fertilizer supplemented with N rates at Arsi Negelle, Central Ethiopia

Proper type and amount of fertilizer application is the major factor that affects yield and yield components of durum wheat. Hence, field experiment was carried out on farmer’s field to determine the effect of blended NPS fertilizer (19% Nitrogen, 38% P2O5 and 7% Sulfur) in combination with nitrogen on growth, yield components, and yield of durum wheat. Factorial combinations of three blended NPS levels (100, 150,...

Author(s): Tilahun Abera Ishete and Tamado Tana  

January 2019

Journal of Accounting and Taxation
Practical documentation of qualifying research activities for the SR&ED tax credit

The Canadian tax program for Scientific Research and Experimental Development (SR&ED) is a crucial component of Canadian economic policy as it encourages domestic companies to engage in risk-taking initiatives through tax incentives such as credits. While the SR&ED program has evolved over the decades, the SR&ED Five Questions have established the principal criteria that determine the eligibility of an...

Author(s): Jamie Nickerson, Adam Rogers, Amber Farrington and Anne Nguyen  

January 2019

Journal of Accounting and Taxation
Accounting information and dividend payout prediction in Nigerian listed manufacturing firms

Investors’ curiosity on the worth of their investment could be resolved with the availability of sufficient information in predicting their returns and security. Several studies linked dividend payout to the performance of manufacturing firms in Nigeria but a few considered information as a signal to performance not necessarily to dividend. This paper examined the usefulness of accounting information in predicting...

Author(s): Grace Oyeyemi Ogundajo, Patrick Enyi Enyi, Ishola Rufus Akintoye and Samuel Olajide Dada

January 2019

Journal of Accounting and Taxation
Operational efficiency and financial sustainability of listed manufacturing companies in Nigeria

This study investigates the impact of operational efficiency on the financial sustainability of listed manufacturing companies in Nigeria. The recent economic crisis in Nigeria has caused an alarming decline in financial sustainability indicators of manufacturing companies. Managers are forced to make efficient use of resources to maximize profitability so as to cope with and compete in the harsh economic condition....

Author(s): Imhanzenobe Japhet Osazefua  

January 2019

International Journal of Vocational and Technical Education
Implementation of competence-based curriculum in technical colleges: The case of Arusha City, Tanzania

Competence-based education and training (CBET) is a functional approach to education as it emphasizes that learners need to gain necessary knowledge, skills, understanding and attitudes or values to work successful in their own profession or occupation. It is regarded as a holistic approach to education. This study aimed at finding out how technical college trainers implement CBET curriculum in Arusha city, Tanzania....

Author(s): Labani Kanyonga, Noah Mtana and Heike Wendt

January 2019

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Efficiency of Trichoderma asperellum UFT 201 as plant growth promoter in soybean

Filamentous fungi of the genus Trichoderma are known for their activity as plant growth promoters. The objective of this work was to evaluate the efficiency of the Trichoderma asperellum UFT 201 strain as a plant growth promoter in soybean. The ability of phosphate solubilization, indole acetic acid synthesis and the effect on soybean plant growth under greenhouse conditions were evaluated in four experiments. In vitro...

Author(s): Aloisio Freitas Chagas Junior, Lillian França Borges Chagas, Luciane de Oliveira Miller and José Claudio de Oliveira  

January 2019

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Performance of garlic cultivars under rain-fed cultivation practice at South Gondar Zone, Ethiopia

Garlic (Allium sativum L.) is an important edible bulbous crop with unique culinary and medicinal purposes. It is a major cash crop widely cultivated in Libokemkem and other districts of South Gondar zone of Amhara Region in Ethiopia. However, productivity of garlic in Ethiopia in general and in South Gondar Zone in particular is very low largely due to the use of unimproved local cultivars and traditional cultural...

Author(s): Dessie Getahun, and Mulat Getaneh,  

Page 8 of 1155, showing 50 records out of 57748 total, starting on record 351, ending on 400