Articles

 

Articles

Page 8 of 1206, showing 50 records out of 60283 total, starting on record 351, ending on 400

October 2020

African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
Hypoglycemic and antihyperglycemic activities of the aqueous ethanolic extracts of Gymnema sylvestre (RETZ) R. Br. Ex SCHULT and Sclerocarya birrea (A RICH) HOCHST

Gymnema sylvestre (Retz.) R. Br. ex Schult (Asclepiadaceae) and Sclerocarya birrea (A. Rich) Hochst (Anacardiaceae) are two plants used in Burkina Faso in traditional medicine and in the form of phytomedicine in the treatment of diabetes. This study evaluated the effect of aqueous ethanolic extracts of leaves of Gymnema sylvestre and Sclerocarya birrea on glycemia. A phytochemical screening of the extracts obtained by...

Author(s): Estelle N. H. Youl, Sonia Nassouri, Sonia Ilboudo, Moussa Ouédraogo, Charles B. Sombié, Sylvain Ilboudo, Zéphirin P. Dakuyo and Innocent P. Guissou  

October 2020

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Resistance of Candida albicans to antifungal drugs in Abidjan (Cote d’Ivoire)

This study aimed to evaluate the resistance levels of strains of Candida albicans to the antifungals commonly used in Abidjan, Cote d’Ivoire. This is a prospective study that was carried out from July to October 2017 at the mycology laboratory of the Institut Pasteur of Cote d’Ivoire. 105 Candida isolates, obtained from swabs taken from patients receiving out-patient treatment, were seeded on chromogenic...

Author(s): C. G. Kouadio-Yapo, N. A. D. Aka, A. V. Bonouman-Ira, G. S. P. Dou, K. H. G. Sonan, K. D. Zika, K. D. Adoubryn and M. Dosso

October 2020

African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
A review for selecting medicinal plants commonly used for malaria in Uganda

The menace of current cases of parasite resistance to antimalarial drugs, non- availability and accessibility, and the high costs of pharmaceutical products contribute to the high rate of medicinal plants consumption in the treatment of malaria in Uganda. Different ethnobotanical surveys on medicinal plants with antimalarial properties have been conducted across different geographical regions in Uganda in order to...

Author(s): Clement O. Ajayi, Anthony A. Elujoba, Félicien M. Kasali, Mercy G. Tenywa, Hedmon Okella, Anke Weisheit, Casim U. Tolo and Patrick E. Ogwang  

October 2020

International Journal of Nursing and Midwifery
The prevalence and relevant factors of paternal depression during a partner’s pregnancy in Japan

The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of paternal depression and the relevant factors associated with paternal depression, mainly focusing on occupational stress. The present study was focused on paternal depression during their partners’ pregnancy as the first part of longitudinal studies. The participants were fathers whose partners were in the third trimester of their pregnancies. Items from the...

Author(s): Kumiko Kido, Akemi Mitani, Yuko Uemura, Masako Okano and Keiko Matsumura

October 2020

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) promote the growth of the pioneer dune plant of coastal areas

The establishment of economic enterprises and the demand for coastal areas for leisure purposes exert great pressure on the dunes, stripping them of vegetation and causing the aggravation of coastal erosion processes. The use of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) is a viable alternative to restore dunes, giving their ability to improve soil conditions and plant growth under unfavorable conditions. The aim of this study...

Author(s): Rosmim António Tivane, Íris Victorino, Sónia Ventura Guilundo, Rui Oliveira, Célia Marília Martins and Orlando António Quilambo  

October 2020

Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytotherapy
Phytochemical screening and antimicrobial activities of hydroethanolic extracts from leaves and roots of Cochlospermum planchonii (Bixaceae)

Cochlospermum planchonii is traditionally used in Togo in treating several diseases, including burn wounds which achievement requires anti-infective and good cicatrisation processes. This study aims to evaluate the antimicrobial properties of hydroethanolic extracts from leaves and roots of C. planchonii and its phytochemical composition. Five (05) bacterial strains were suspended in liquid media with plant extracts at...

Author(s): Nakpane Fankibe, Kossi Metowogo, Yendube T. Kantati, Yaovi-Gameli Afanyibo, Povi Lawson-Evi, Aklesso Mouzou, Kwashie Eklu-Gadegbeku and Kodjo A. Aklikokou

October 2020

Journal of Geography and Regional Planning
Public open spaces in Crisis: Appraisal and observation from metropolitan Kathmandu, Nepal

There is an emerging debate in the literature of urbanism that public open space is in crisis in the cities of developing countries due to the increasing trends of urbanization and in-migration. With the significant growth of the urban population and rapid expansion of the city, the land demand for housing and other infrastructure development is very high. The high rate of urbanization due to which encroachment, high...

Author(s): Krishna Prasad Timalsina

October 2020

Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health
Antiviral activities of ellagitannins against bovine herpesvirus-1, suid alphaherpesvirus-1 and caprine herpesvirus-1

In vitro antiviral activity of three ellagitannins - castalagin, vescalagin and grandinin was investigated against replication of three of the most common herpes viruses infecting animals, namely bovine herpesvirus-1 (BoHV-1), suid alphaherpesvirus-1 (SuHV-1), and caprine herpesvirus-1 (CapHV-1). The cytopathic effect inhibition test via the neutral red uptake assay in Madin-Darby bovine kidney (MDBK) cell culture was...

Author(s): Neli Vilhelmova-Ilieva, Ivo Sirakov, Remi Jacquet, Stephane Quideau and Angel S. Galabov  

October 2020

Educational Research and Reviews
The effect of critical thinking education on the critical thinking skills and the critical thinking dispositions of preservice teachers

The aim of this study is to identify the dispositions and opinions of prospective teachers towards critical thinking and to develop primarily their critical thinking dispositions. Pretest-posttest research design was implemented in this study without a control group. The study group was formed with the purposive sampling method. A total of 57 preservice teachers, of whom 26 were males and 31 were females, volunteered...

Author(s): Palavan, Özcan  

October 2020

International Journal of Water Resources and Environmental Engineering
Estimation of Mg, Cd, and Ni levels in urban waterfront using one-dimensional transport model

Accurate quantification of heavy metals is essential for optimizing remedial efforts at polluted waterfronts. Although surface water quality models can be helpful tools for rapid quantification of heavy metals in streams, they cannot be extrapolated to other water bodies. This study estimated Mg, Cd, and Ni levels in one of the polluted urban waterfronts in the Niger Delta Province, Nigeria (5.317°N, 6.467°E)...

Author(s): Asinyetogha H. Igoni, Tuebi B. Tegu, , and Reuben N. Okparanma  

October 2020

Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science
Assessment of indigenous knowledge associated with Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L. Moench) seed selection and the seed quality attributes in Fafen Zone of Somali Region, Ethiopia

Understanding agro-pastoralist’s indigenous knowledge associated with sorghum seed selection, seed systems, and seed quality management will help to devise strategies for enhancing the food and feed security in crop-livestock mixed farming system. With this intention, indigenous knowledge practices of on-farm sorghum seed selection and evaluation of the seed quality were surveyed, which ultimately contributes to...

Author(s): Abraham Mulu Oljira and Mekennon Girma  

October 2020

International Journal of Physical Sciences
Fof2 prediction with IRI-2016 at Dakar Station during quiet activity over solar cycles 21 and 22

This study deals with comparison between Dakar station ionospheric’s F2 layer critical frequency (foF2) data and the two subroutines (CCIR and URSI) of IRI-2016 model predictions. Comparisons are made for very quiet geomagnetic activity during the four phases of the solar cycles 21 and 22 (minimum, increasing, maximum and decreasing). Model's predictions are suitable with observed data by day than by night....

Author(s): Sibri Alphonse Sandwidi, Doua Allain Gnabahou and Frédéric Ouattara  

October 2020

Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics
Determination of socio-economic factors influencing rural household’s decision to raise goat in Sindhuli District, Nepal

Goat (Capra hircus) is one of the important sources of rural economy in Nepal. As various programs are aiming to enhance livelihood of rural denizens through goat promotion, it is therefore crucial to understand socio-economic determinants on decision to raise goats by rural households. So, this study was carried out in two, out of seven, local administrative units (Wards) of Marin rural municipality, Sindhuli using...

Author(s): Anoj Joshi, Praseed Thapa, Anju Adhikari, Pragati Dahal and Priyanka Gautam  

October 2020

Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics
Analysis of the technical efficiency of maize producers in the Municipality of Bembèrèkè in the North of Benin

In Benin, maize plays a key role, both in production systems and in commercial transactions and population feeding. Smallholders are facing a decline in productivity due, among other things, to difficulties in accessing agricultural inputs such as improved seeds and fertilizers (NPK and Urea). The project "Sustainable intensification of maize production among small producers in the departments of Alibori and Borgou...

Author(s): Jean Adanguidi  

October 2020

Journal of AIDS and HIV Research
Determinants of antiretroviral therapy adherence among older adolescents living with HIV in Kenya during the transition to adult care: An observational study

Lower levels of adherence to antiretroviral therapy (ART) among older adolescents as compared to adults are influenced by individual, psychosocial, and treatment-related factors. Successful transition of older adolescents into HIV adult care from paediatric & adolescent focused care requires an understanding of barriers to ART adherence. This study aimed at determining individual factors affecting ART adherence...

Author(s): Nyawira Gitahi, Samuel Wahome, Maricianah Onono, Elizabeth A. Bukusi, and Kenneth Ngure  

October 2020

Journal of AIDS and HIV Research
Assessment of renal dysfunction and associated factors among patients on Tenofovir based antiretroviral treatment at Gondar University Hospital, North West Ethiopia: Retrospective institution based cross sectional study

Tenofovir Disoproxil Fumarate a nucleotide reverse transcriptase inhibitor that was introduced as a preferred first line antiretroviral therapy in Ethiopia as of 2008. However, routine renal function assessment is recommended as it is known to cause renal failure and renal tubular dysfunction. To assess the practice of renal function monitoring of patients on TDF based ART regimen. The magnitude of renal dysfunction...

Author(s): Endris Ahmed, Ermias Diro, Workagegnehu Hailu and Oumer Abdu Muhie  

October 2020

Educational Research and Reviews
Analysis of self-esteem and self-efficacy levels of music students

The main aim of this study is to determine whether professional music education has any effect on “self-esteem” and “self-efficacy” of undergraduate students who study at different universities. The study was carried out with 55 students who study at Marmara University Atatürk Faculty of Education Department of Music Education and Istanbul University State Conservatory. Self-esteem level of...

Author(s): Serkan Otacioğlu  

October 2020

ISABB Journal of Food and Agricultural Sciences
Occurrence of aflatoxin in the kernels of Irvingia gabonensis (Aubry – Lecomte ex O’ Rorke) Baill sold in parts of Nigeria

A food safety surveillance study was conducted on the kernels of Irvingia gabonensis sold in the six geopolitical zones of Nigeria. The aim was to ascertain the biosafety of the staple soup thickener. The study was conducted for three years between the months of June and October 2016 and 2018. It screened for the presence of aflatoxin and the associated mycoflora, using standard laboratory methods. The result showed the...

Author(s): DURU Christopher Maduabuchi, MBATA Theodore Ikechukwu, OSIKWE Azuka Keziah, UKOMA Augustina Adamma and AJURUCHI Vivian Chioma

October 2020

African Journal of Biotechnology
Diversity assessment of vanilla (Vanilla species) accessions in selected counties of Kenya using simple sequence repeats (SSRs) markers

Diversity assessment of vanilla (Vanilla species) in Kenya is a key strategy for germplasm conservation and improvement. Production of vanilla crop in Kenya is limited due to inadequate knowledge on genetic diversity. This study was carried out to characterize 76 vanilla accessions from five counties of Kenya using 14 microsatellite DNA markers. POPGENE version 1.32 was used to compute variety factors. Amplicons ranged...

Author(s): Leah N. Simiyu, Joseph N. Wolukau and Maurice E. Oyoo

October 2020

African Journal of Biotechnology
DNA isolation and optimization of PCR protocol for ISSR analysis of Girardinia diversifolia: A medicinal and economic plant species from Nepal Himalaya

Girardinia diversifolia (Link) Friis is a perennial herb commonly known as Himalayan giant nettle which belongs to the family Urticaceae. The plant has cultural, medicinal and economic importance. The plant contains high concentration of polysaccharides, polyphenols and secondary metabolites which obstructs the process of isolation of the Deoxyribonucleic Acid (DNA) and inhibits downstream Polymerase Chain Reaction...

Author(s): Bijay Raj Subedee, Giri Raj Tripathi and Ram Prasad Chaudhary  

October 2020

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Prevalence and Antibiotic resistance profile of Avian Pathogenic Escherichia coli (APEC) strains isolated from poultry feeds in Abidjan District, Côte d'Ivoire

The aim of this study was to isolate avian pathogenic Escherichia coli (APEC) strains from poultry feeds for assessing their susceptibility patterns to antibiotic agents. From November 2018 to March 2019, one hundred eighteen poultry feeds samples were collected in farms of Abidjan District and E. coli strains were isolated on TBX (Tryptone Bile Glucuronic) agar medium, followed by biochemical identification and APEC...

Author(s): Christelle Suzanne Djoman, Eric Essoh Akpa, Bernadette Gblossi Goualié, Lamine Samagassi and Delphine Yevi N’Guessan

October 2020

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Isolation and morphological characterization of endophytic fungi isolated from mangrove plants along the Kenyan coastline

Microorganisms in marine ecosystems are exposed to harsh conditions, thus such systems are of interest in bioprospecting for useful secondary metabolites. The aim of the study was to isolate and identify the fungal endophytes that colonize mangroves. The fungal endophytes were isolated from the leaves, roots, and branches of different mangrove plants (Bruguiera gymnorrhiza, Heritiera littoralis, Xylocarpus...

Author(s): Teresia Nyambura Wacira, , Huxley Mae Makonde, Carren Moraa Bosire, Suleiman Said Mzee, Samuel Mwakisha Mwamburi and Cromwell Mwiti Kibiti  

October 2020

Journal of Ecology and The Natural Environment
Framework for assessing the level of stakeholders’ involvement and governance in mangrove management: Case of selected local communities in the south west coastal Atlantic Region, Cameroon

Mangrove forest management is becoming increasingly difficult due to increasing pressure from burgeoning mangrove fuel wood dependent coastal population justifying the urgent need for a multi-dimensional participatory approach that brings together all stakeholders into a broad management and governance framework. This paper investigates, analyzes and puts stakeholders’ participation within the framework for...

Author(s): David C. Forkam, Gordon N. Ajonina, Patience U. Ajonina and Martin N. Tchamba

October 2020

Journal of Accounting and Taxation
Forensic accounting and financial crimes in Nigerian public sector

The mismanagement of notable government businesses across the nation has led to the abandonment of viable public projects and the attendant indiscriminate lay-off of staff in the public sector have generated the ever-increasing attention in academic, private and public sectors. As a result of the increase in the level of decadence in the government sector, a gamut of dissenting voices have been raised necessitating the...

Author(s): Dada Samuel O. and Jimoh Fatai B.  

October 2020

International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation
Abundance, distribution and ecological impacts of invasive plant species in Maputo Special Reserve, Mozambique

With a few exceptions, comprehensive assessment of invasive plants species (IPSs) list that invade Maputo Special Reserve’s natural ecosystems is lacking. Some available data are either preliminary or localised, or focus on agricultural weeds that leave an ecological gap about IPSs. In order to establish this gap, a study was conducted to asses the impact of IPSs in Maputo Special Reserve. A stratified random...

Author(s): Byabasaija Syliver, Natasha Ribeiro, Eunice Cavane and Matola Salimo

October 2020

International Journal of Livestock Production
Urban dairy production and waste management in Oromia special zone around Finfine, Ethiopia

The survey was conducted to assess urban dairy production and waste management system in Oromia Special Zone around Finfinnee, Ethiopia. The three study towns (Burayu, Sululta and Sebeta) were purposively selected due to the high potential for commercial dairy production. A total of 90 commercial dairy producers 30 from each town who at least own 10 dairy cows were randomly selected. The farmers interviewed individually...

Author(s): Jalel Fikadu, Berhan Tamir, Ulfina Galmessa and Kefena Effa  

October 2020

African Journal of Plant Science
Botryosphaeriaceae associated with baobab (Adansonia digitata L.) and marula (Sclerocarya birrea A. Rich.) in agroforestry systems in Kenya

Indigenous fruit trees such as baobab and marula provide key nutrients and income for smallholders and enhance diversification of agroforestry systems in the drylands of Sub Saharan Africa. Cankers and diebacks are increasingly observed impacting baobab and marula in domestication trials and farms in Kenya, but little is known on disease occurrence and associated pathogens. Field disease incidence and severity was...

Author(s): Cherotich Sheillah, Njuguna Jane, Muchugi Alice, Muthamia Japhet, Otaye Daniel, Graziosi Ignazio and Kinyanjui Zakayo

October 2020

African Journal of Biotechnology
Investigation of lipid production and fatty acid composition in some native microalgae from Agadir region in Morocco

Microalgae are a promising alternative source to produce biofuels and bio-products, as they consume carbon dioxide to grow, multiply quickly, and can be cultivated in domestic and industrial wastewater. The efficiency of microalgae-based biodiesel industry depends on the selection of appropriate strains with best lipid content yields and adequate fatty acids composition. The aim of this study was to select a potential...

Author(s): Youssef Mir, Zahra Brakez, Yassine El Alem and Lhoucine Bazzi

October 2020

African Journal of Biotechnology
Symptoms, epidemiology and diagnosis: A mini-review on coronavirus

There is worldwide concern about the rapid spread of the Covid19 (COVID-19) pandemic which now affects almost every country in the world. Generating accurate diagnosis of COVID-19 by testing hundreds of thousands of people per day, and the search for effective therapeutics and vaccines are currently the focus of intense research in large numbers of companies and academic institutions around the world. This review will...

Author(s): Abdulkarim S. BinShaya, Mohamed Bamaga, Awal Zaki, Hajir Alsaihati, Adnan Alwatban, Fahad Aldakheel, Abdulaziz Alanazi, Nahed Alharthi, Amani F. Alanazi, Arwa F. Alanazi and Faris Q. B. Alenzi

October 2020

International Journal of Livestock Production
Assessment on artificial insemination service delivery system, challenges and opportunities of artificial insemination services in cattle production in Western zone of Tigray Region, Ethiopia

The aim of the survey was to assess artificial insemination (AI) service delivery system and identify the challenges and opportunities of AI service in cattle production in Western Zone of Tigray Region, Ethiopia. Twenty Kebeles (lowest administrative units) and 353 respondents were purposively involved in face-to-face interview. Data analysis was performed using SPSS and mainly summarized by frequency and percentages....

Author(s): Teweldemedhn Mekonnen and Leul Berhe  

October 2020

African Journal of Biotechnology
Comparative study of maggots’ production in brewery wet grains, dung and rumen content of cattle with or without addition of attractant

The objective of this study was to compare maggots’ production in different substrates following an experimental design of six treatments (S1, 1000 g of brewery wet grains - BWG; S2, 900 g of BWG and 100 g of blood; S3, 1000 g of dung; S4, 900 g of dung and 100 g of blood; S5, 1000 g of rumen content; and S6, 900 g of rumen content and 100 g of blood) repeated trice. 121 flies were collected and identified and 5...

Author(s): Gilbert Comlan ZOUGOU TOVIGNON, Abdourhamane Ibrahim TOURE, Cédric SIMA OBIANG, Arsène Valery MBOKO, Férence Ndzani MATUMUINI, Taffarel Juani MEKOSSANGOYE NDOUNGA, Kady Divine MOUSSOUNDA GASSAMA, Frédéric Christol NGANSOP NONO, Joseph-Privat ONDO, Louis Clément OBAME ENGONGA, Franck MOUNIOKO, Fernand TENDONKENG, Emile MIEGOUE, Benoit BOUKILA and Etienne PAMO TEDONKENG

October 2020

Journal of Stored Products and Postharvest Research
Maize farmers’ knowledge and perception of improved postharvest storage technologies in Kilolo District, Tanzania

This study assessed small-scale maize farmers’ knowledge and perception on the use of improved postharvest storage technologies in Kilolo District, Tanzania. The participants of the study include 260 farmers who were randomly selected from four villages. Data were collected by using interview schedule, questionnaire, Focus Group Discussions (FGD) and personal observation. Descriptive statistics such as means,...

Author(s): Athman Kyaruzi Ahmad and Gosbert Lukenku Shausi  

October 2020

Educational Research and Reviews
Examination of intrinsic motivation, and job satisfaction of physical education and other branch teachers

The goal of this study is to determine the level of job satisfaction, and intrinsic motivation of physical education teachers, and other branch teachers. It also aims to assess whether the teachers’ participation in an event during their free time varies based on gender, age, marital status, having children, year of study, and type of school attended. After obtaining research permits, teachers were informed about...

Author(s): Elif Karagün and Zekiye Dilay Ekiz

October 2020

Journal of Soil Science and Environmental Management
Effects of lime and phosphorous application on chemical properties of soil, dry matter yield, and phosphorus concentration of barley (Hordeum vulgare) grown on Nitosols of Emdibir, Southern Ethiopia

The effects of lime and P fertilizer application on chemical properties of acid soil, and dry matter yield (DMY) and phosphorus concentration of barley were investigated in a greenhouse experiment in 2013. The experimental soil was collected from Emdibir, South-Western Ethiopia. Five lime levels (CaCO3) (0, 6093, 12186, 18280, and 24373 mg CaCO3 kg-1 soil) in a factorial combination with five phosphorus (TSP) rates (0,...

Author(s): Sosena Amsalu and Sheleme Beyene  

October 2020

African Journal of Biotechnology
Quantification of indole-3-acetic acid from Bambusa tulda Roxb. seedlings using high performance liquid chromatography

Indole-3-acetic acid (IAA) is an important plant growth regulator. As the very first endeavor, the study is aimed at extracting and quantifying IAA from seedlings of Bambusa tulda and evaluating its bioactivity. The extraction of IAA was performed in organic solvent followed by sample evaporation and TLC with a mobile phase composed of chloroform, methanol and formic acid (77:22:1 v/v) in isocratic mode. The extract...

Author(s): Bishnu Maya K. C., Dhurva Prasad Gauchan, Sanjay Nath Khanal and Janardan Lamichhane

October 2020

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology
Prevalence of intestinal helminths and their effects on anthropometric, haematological and metabolic parameters among patients of two teaching hospitals in N’Djamena (Chad)

This study was to determine intestinal helminths and their effects on anthropometric, hematological and metabolic parameters among patients in two teaching hospitals in the region of N’Djamena (Chad). Patients consisting of 300 adults at the gastroenterology service of the National Reference Teaching Hospital (NRTH) and 112 children at the pediatric ward in Mother and Child Teaching Hospital (MCTH). Their ages...

Author(s): Hamit M. A., Issa R. A, Fombotioh Ndifor, Nack J., Kemba S., Ali M. M. and C. F. Bilong Bilong

October 2020

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology
Could serum levels of calcidiol predict the onset of chronic inflammatory conditions?

Previous research studies had suggested that low serum calcidiol could lead to the onset of chronic inflammatory conditions (CIC). This study used the dataset of National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2005-2006 to investigate whether serum calcidiol can predict CIC. The linear correlation between serum calcidiol and body mass index (BMI) was explored for therapeutic purposes. A point prevalence of...

Author(s): Bruno Ela Ondo, John Doucette and Denise Gaughan  

October 2020

Journal of Physiology and Pathophysiology
Adropin and irisin levels in a rat model of hypothyroidism

No available data exists about the relation of adropin and irisin levels and body weight in hypothyroidism. This work was designed to investigate the relationship between irisin and adropin levels and thyroid hormones. 40 male rats were divided into 2 groups: Control (C) group (10 rats) and hypothyroid group (30 rats). After induction of hypothyroidism, 18 rats increased in body weight (Hypothyroid overweight HO) and 12...

Author(s): Mohamad Yosof Rezk, and Rania Reafaat Abdel Kader Atia,  

October 2020

Journal of Engineering and Technology Research
Effective use of Quadcopter drones for safety and security monitoring in a building construction sites: Case study Enugu Metropolis Nigeria

The hazardous nature of the Nigerian building construction industry due to lack of construction data and records of incidents which have led to loss of life, property damage, injuries and loss of materials in an average construction site is alarming. The aim and objective of this study is to know how effective the use of drone to monitor safety and security in Nigerian Building Construction site can improve dangerous...

Author(s): Okaka O. Patrick, Ezekiel O. E. Nnadi and Henry C. Ajaelu  

October 2020

Journal of Mechanical Engineering Research
In the road of assessing the validity of logarithmic law in wake flows: A review

In any application of wall-bounded or shear fluid flows, near-wall boundary layer and shear layer are the places of struggle between viscous and inertial forces. After development and spread of using wall functions for modeling near-wall region of boundary layer in wall-bounded turbulent flows, the importance of accurate prediction and modeling of different layers of boundary layer, particularly the so-called...

Author(s): Seyedali Sabzpoushan  

October 2020

African Journal of Pure and Applied Chemistry
Preparation, characterization of raw corncob adsorbent for removal of heavy metal ions from aqueous solution using batch method

Corncob adsorbent was prepared through environmental friendly process without any additional chemical treatment. The prepared material was characterized by X-ray diffract meter (XRD), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and pH points zero charge techniques. The XRD diffracted pattern of corncob adsorbent did not shows well-defined sharp peaks instead it shows pumps peaks; this indicates that the diffraction...

Author(s): Tura Melese, Kasahun Chala, Yihune Ayele and Mitiku Abdisa  

October 2020

Journal of Media and Communication Studies
Rural women's radio listening behavior and program preferences in SNNPRS, the case of Sidama and Gedeo Zones

The objective of the study was to identify rural women's radio program preferences and listening behaviours. Survey was used to gather information from 200 rural women selected through multistage sampling from Sidama and Gedeo Zones. Descriptive statistic such as frequency and percentage were used to present results. Moreover, association among the different variables was tested using correlation and multiple...

Author(s): Yohannes Shiferaw Jira  

October 2020

International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation
Underfunding, the challenge of federally managed protected areas of Ethiopia

This paper presents an analysis of the costs of protected areas (PAs) management in Ethiopia, specifically those managed by the Ethiopian Wildlife Conservation Authority. The authority is managing a network of protected area (PA) systems covering an area of about 29,950 km2. Primary and secondary data were used. A total of 3,045 rangers are required to effectively control illegal activities. The estimated number...

Author(s): Simeneh Admasu, Hadis Tadele, Mekbeb Tessema and Zelealem Tefera

October 2020

Journal of Geography and Regional Planning
Contemporary land suitability analysis for urban expansion in Welkite town, Gurage zone, Ethiopia

Urban expansion through identifying most suitable sites for urban sprawl plays vital role in alleviating various socio-economic problems. The objective of this study is to identify potentially suitable sites of Welkite town, Ethiopia. Geographical Information System (GIS) was integrated with remote sensing data to conduct multi criteria overlay analysis by determining principal parameters. DEM data was used to produce...

Author(s): Habtamu Kerebeh

October 2020

International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation
Insights of Legal and illegal wildlife hunting in Selous and Rungwa Game Reserves in the South-East and Central Tanzania

There is a lack of consensus among conservationists regarding the association between trophy hunting and wildlife poaching. Anti-hunting groups argue that trophy hunting is against animal welfare and contributes to wildlife population decline so it must be refuted. On the other hand, pro-hunting groups for advocate regulated hunting as an essential tool for supporting habitat protection and reducing crimes. Regulated...

Author(s): Gasto J. Lyakurwa, Rudolf Mremi and Alex W. Kisingo

October 2020

Journal of Economics and International Finance
Public agencies in Nigeria’s oil sector: Wealth distribution, economic development and poverty alleviation in the Niger Delta

Why are host communities where oil companies are operating in the Niger Delta region of Nigeria undeveloped despite huge contribution of petroleum resources to the economy? This question has led to debates among scholars on the role and operation of multinational oil companies in Nigeria. To address this question, detailed literature search was conducted including reviewing archival documents, company information and...

Author(s): Robert O. Okere and Nobert Osemeke

October 2020

Educational Research and Reviews
The role of perception of classroom structure on students’ mental health

Classroom structure includes organizing and designing the class. Based on the theory of achievement, the context and structure of the educational environment affect student’s performance, motivation, and emotion. The present study was conducted to find out whether the perception of classroom structure can predict mental health of the students? The design of this research was correlation. Participant includes 287...

Author(s): Yasin Farshchi Tabrizi, and Razie Sheikholeslami,

October 2020

African Journal of Biochemistry Research
Evaluation of acute oral toxicity, hemato-biochemical activity and physiological responses of rabbits and rats administered Moringa oleifera leaf extract and meal

The present study aims to evaluate acute oral toxicity of leaf extract of Moringa oleifera and determine the effect of the leaf’s meals of this plant on hematological and biochemical parameters of the rabbit. Ten rats weighing 150 ± 200 g were used for the oral acute toxicity study. Five rats received orally a single dose of 2000 mg/kg of weight of aqueous extract and 5 rats used as control....

Author(s): Basile Boni Saka Konmy, Pascal Abiodoun Olounladé, and Sanni-yo Doko-Allou,  

October 2020

African Journal of Biotechnology
Improvement of the key flavour compounds of fermented garlic by fermentation process optimization

Flavour compounds in fermented garlic were identified by physicochemical analysis and gas chromatography (GC) after pre-treatment. Reducing sugars, acids, polyphenols and 5-hydroxymethyl furfural (5-HMF) were detected in fermented garlic, and 5-HMF was identified to be the key aroma compounds. To further improve the flavour quality of fermented garlic, the influence of pre-treatment method, fermentation temperature and...

Author(s): Yunwei Leng, Shuangshuang Huang and Bing Chen  

October 2020

International Journal of Psychology and Counselling
Influence of family violence on the maladaptive behaviors of secondary school students in Kogi State, Nigeria

This study explored the influence of family violence on the Maladaptive Behaviours of Secondary School Students in Kogi State, Nigeria. The design for this study is correlational research design. The population of the study consists of 29,570 students in secondary schools in Kogi State, Nigeria. A sample of 378 respondents was selected for this study. Stratified random sampling procedure was used in selecting the...

Author(s): Apeh H. A. and Eri Bernice

Page 8 of 1206, showing 50 records out of 60283 total, starting on record 351, ending on 400