Articles

 

Articles

Page 8 of 1227, showing 50 records out of 61308 total, starting on record 351, ending on 400

July 2021

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Isolation, identification and antibiogram of verotoxin producing Escherichia coli from raw salad vegetables at Jashore, Bangladesh

Verotoxin-producing E. coli are getting an emergence for human health and day by day, it is also becoming more alarming in the fact that, they are acquiring multidrug-resistant profiles. This study aimed at isolation and identification of verotoxigenic E. coli followed by the antibiogram of the species from salad vegetables at Jashore district in Bangladesh. A total of 119 raw vegetable salad samples were collected from...

Author(s): Nigar Sultana Meghla, Debashish Mridha, Md. Sohel Rana, Md. Ahosanul Haque Shahid and Md. Muket Mahmud

July 2021

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
The study of land use and land cover (LULC) dynamics and the perception of local people in Aykoleba, Northern Ethiopia

It is believed that since the advent of agriculture, changes in land use and land cover (LULC) have happened. However, rates, extents and intensities of LULC changes have become more aggravated at all levels. The current study aims to examine the dynamics and perceptions of LULC change in the last four decades (1973-2013) in Aykoleba, Ethiopia using a combination of remote sensing data and the ground truth data. Focus...

Author(s): Mehari Mariye, Melesse Maryo and Jianhua Li

July 2021

Journal of Ecology and The Natural Environment
Cocoa-based agroforestry systems and its potential for tree resource conservation around the Dja Biosphere Reserve Southeastern Cameroon

The objective of this study was to evaluate tree species diversity, structure and conservation status of these tree species in cocoa-based agroforestry systems around the Dja Biosphere Reserve, South East of Cameroon. This reserve is divided into four clusters due to its large nature and location between two regions. A random sampling approach was adopted, whereby, 100 plots of 100 m × 20 m and 10 m × 20...

Author(s): Njini Loveline Munjeb, Marie-Louise Avana Tientcheu, Yerima Bernard Kfuban Palmer and Roger Kogge Enang

July 2021

Journal of Accounting and Taxation
Does the importance of relevance and faithful representation differ between GAAP and tax reporting? A discussion of the trade-offs between cash-basis, accrual-basis, and fair value accounting methods

This paper explains the trade-offs between the relevance and faithful representation of accounting information analyzed in the contexts of the cash-basis, accrual-basis, and fair value accounting methods used to prepare financial statements for Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP) and tax reporting. Discussion of the role of the relevance and faithful representation of accounting information is generally...

Author(s): Sarah C. Lyon, Timothy Kelley, Loren Margheim

July 2021

Journal of Accounting and Taxation
Taxing the informal sector through presumptive taxes in Zimbabwe: An avenue for a broadened tax base, stifling of the informal sector activities or both

Domestic revenue generation occupies a central domain in most countries, leading to continuous mapping of strategies towards its enhancement. Taxation is a dependable and foreseeable avenue to generate revenue for governments to fulfil their key obligations of employment creation, economic growth and infrastructural development, poverty reduction and state security. Despite these plausible arguments, tax revenues are...

Author(s): Favourate Y. Sebele Mpofu

July 2021

Journal of Media and Communication Studies
Oil, gas and goodwill: Assessing press coverage of Nigeria’s oil industry CSR activities

Oil, being the mainstay of Nigeria’s economy has continuously generated controversies at various levels, particularly between government, exploration companies and host communities. One useful method of dousing such tension is to display a sense of empathy, creating some level of ownership mindset in natives and residents of host communities and the nation at large. This study probes into the volume of coverage of...

Author(s): Aiyesimoju Ayodeji Boluwatife and Olasanmi Kehinde Ayodele

July 2021

Journal of Ecology and The Natural Environment
Diversity and molecular systematics of orchids in Mount Cameroon

A survey was carried out in Mount Cameroon to document the distribution and diversity of the Orchidaceae which is the most abundant plant family worldwide and the second most abundant in this study area. The study area was divided into 5 different zones made up of 4 ecotypes in the wild and some cultivated gardens. The ecotypes in the wild were further divided into different macro-habitats based on altitudinal gradients...

Author(s): Sylvie Etanke Essomo, Eneke Esoeyang Tambe Bechem, Beatrice Ambo Fonge, Doris Besem Arrey, Pascal Tabi Tabot, Yannick Afanga Afanga and Joice Meshi

July 2021

African Journal of Biochemistry Research
Evaluation of phytochemical constituents, proximate contents and glycemic index of bambara groundnut (Vigna subterranea L. Verdc) varieties grown in Northeastern Nigeria

Bambara groundnut (Vigna subterranea L. Verdc) is widely used as a source of food and also has rich fibre and nutritional values. Hence, this research aimed at determining the phytochemical, proximate content as well as glycemic index and glycemic load of four varieties of Bambara groundnut found in Alkalere area of Bauchi State northeastern Nigeria for possible nutritional and medicinal utilization. Seeds of Bambara...

Author(s): Abdulrashid Mohammed and Hassan Daniel Mhya

July 2021

International Journal of Sociology and Anthropology
Social utility of the elderly and settlement of land conflicts among the Agni-Djuablin (Ivory Coast)

In Agni society in Côte d'Ivoire in general, we are increasingly witnessing the dynamics of intergenerational relationships which are often illustrated by the process of depreciation of the elderly. However, among the Agni of the Djuablin region, we note the social usefulness of the elderly through their participation in the settlement of conflicts over land management. This research therefore aims to analyze...

Author(s): Say Ahou Clémentine TANOH and César Léonce Koffi EBEN-EZER

July 2021

International Journal of Peace and Development Studies
African continental free trade area (AfCFTA) trade vs. security dilemma: From borders’ perspective

Africa embarked on an ambitious and promising free trade area agreement. If applied fully, it can inject a magical potion into the lives of the African economies which currently seem doomed to economic ICU. The agreement is expected to induce intra-continental trade, industrialization, integration all mainly because of free movement of people and goods. Meaning, lowering border controls and checkpoints, but, here the...

Author(s): Alazar Melkamu and Adonias Adugna

July 2021

Journal of Accounting and Taxation
Board size and firm performance in developing counties: Case of East Africa

The main objective of this study was to examine the influence of board size on the financial performance of listed companies within the East African Community (EAC) and make recommendations on the board size that can enhance company financial performance within the EAC. The research adopted a positivist paradigm in a quantitative analysis using non-probability sampling to select forty-two listed companies listed on the...

Author(s): David Namanya, Geoffrey Nuwagaba and Festo Tusubira Nyende

July 2021

International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation
Assessment of the diversity and abundance of tree species in Afe Babalola University, Ado- Ekiti, Ekiti State, Nigeria

In this study, an assessment of trees diversity and abundance in the Afe Babalola University Ado Ekiti, Ado Ekiti, Nigeria was carried out. Stratified sampling method was employed. The University was divided into four strata for adequate sampling (Stratum A, B, C, D). The results revealed a total of 816 individual trees of 21 tree species belonging to 16 families. The family Aracaceae has the highest number of species...

Author(s): Jeje A. A., Olanipekun M. K. and Otoide J. E.

July 2021

International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation
Ethnobotanical study of the coconut palm in the Coastal Zone of Benin

The coconut palm (Cocos nucifera L.), also known as “tree of life”, is widely distributed across the Coastal Zone in Benin, where its cultivation is most important. Using participatory research appraisal tools and techniques, a survey was conducted in this zone to assess the diversity of coconut ecotypes, associated endogenous knowledge and their utilization. Nineteen villages randomly selected, and...

Author(s): Ulysse Ayihaou DAA-KPODE, Gustave DJEDATIN, Edmond SACLA AIDE, Kolawolé Valère SALAKO, Farid BABA-MOUSSA and Kifouli ADEOTI,

July 2021

Journal of Accounting and Taxation
An empirical investigation of the audit expectation gap: Evidence from Cameroon

Although the audit expectation gap has been subject to substantial research over the past two decades, it remains a controversial issue for the audit profession. This study, therefore, examines the existence of an audit expectation gap in Cameroon between auditors and users (accountants, bankers, and investors), assesses the dimensions of the gap, and relates the findings to prior findings on the expectation gap. A...

Author(s): Lazarus Elad Fotoh, Johan Ingemar Lorentzon and Michael Forzeh Fossung

July 2021

International Journal of Sociology and Anthropology
Towards meaningful social development in the covid-19 era: Strategies for capacity building in a gang-affected community in Port Elizabeth (Gqeberha), South Africa

At the second think-tank session of the Helenvale Dialogues initiative held in Port Elizabeth, South Africa, in May 2018, the main theme of the session focused on scenario planning for the community of Helenvale, regarded as one of the most fragile and volatile communities in Port Elizabeth.  The author, as an invited member of the think-tank, engaged in group discussions with other attendees, with the aim of...

Author(s): Theodore Petrus

July 2021

African Journal of History and Culture
Cultural astronomy in Uganda from the perspectives of the Acholi, Banyankole, Iteso and Lugbara

Cultural astronomy in Uganda has been explored a second time considering another set of four ethnic groups, giving a wide range of perspectives in the subject and setting a baseline for exploring cultural astronomy in other African countries. Qualitative data have been collected using interviews and questionnaire survey, conducted with mutual consent of the respondents. Both purposive sampling and snow-ball sampling of...

Author(s): Bosco Oruru, Harriet Najjemba, Caroline Joyce Atim, Ronald Nteziyaremye and Merciline Nayibinga

July 2021

Journal of Economics and International Finance
Impact of globalization on work ethics: A review of existing literature

Globalization as a concept surpasses a mere openness to symbiotic economic relationship. Globalization refers to the level of openness and positive attitude towards the products, values and ideologies of other people and cultures. The study reviews existing literature on the impact of globalization on work ethics across the globe and tries to observe possible trends of convergence of work ethics among several countries....

Author(s): Japhet Imhanzenobe

July 2021

African Journal of History and Culture
Towards a Kenyan political theology: The importance of church history for contemporary public life

Christianity remains a substantive religion in the African continent. With various expressions such as missionary Christianity, indigenous Christianity, and Charismatic Christianity, it remains a critical force in African societies. Christian scholars in post-colonial Africa have engaged important themes in Christianity including the pertinence of African traditional religions, African identity and in the recent decade,...

Author(s): Kevin Muriithi Ndereba

July 2021

Journal of Accounting and Taxation
Related party transactions and their association with earnings management – evidence of Hong Kong listed companies

This study empirically investigates whether related party transactions play an important role in earnings management in Hong Kong Stock Exchange, by using manually collected data comprising 1,278 firms’ yearly observations from all listed company on Hang Seng Composite Industry Indexes from 2016 to 2018. This study analyzes the three most frequent types of related party transactions, including related sales,...

Author(s): Patrick Kuok Kun CHU and Mayava Weng In LEONG

July 2021

Journal of Accounting and Taxation
Achieving competitive advantage and financial sustainability through acquisition and restructuring strategies

Acquisition and restructuring strategies are some of the growth and retrenchment strategies that firms employ with the aim of achieving competitive advantage in form of superior financial sustainability position. In this study, we set out to provide a descriptive framework for acquisition and restructuring strategies as corporate level strategies and to investigate the ability of these strategies to help organizations...

Author(s): Japhet Imhanzenobe

July 2021

African Journal of Biochemistry Research
Phytochemical and biological investigations of extracts from the roots of Cocos nucifera L. (Arecaceae) and Carica papaya L. (Caricaceae), two plants used in traditional medicine

Cocos nucifera L. (Arecaceae) and Carica papaya L. (Caricaceae) are two plants used to treat several human pathologies such as oxidative stress and inflammatory diseases. The aim of this study is to assess anti-inflammatory activity, antioxidant activity and acute oral toxicity, of aqueous and methanolic extracts from C. nucifera L. and C. papaya L. using appropriate experimental models. The acute oral toxicity test of...

Author(s): Wendkouni Leila M. Esther Belem-Kabré, Boukaré Kaboré, Adjaratou Compaoré-Coulibaly, Tata Kadiatou Traoré, Emmanuel A. M. Thiombiano, Mariam Nebié-Traoré, Moussa Compaoré, Félix B. Kini, Sylvin Ouédraogo, Martin Kiendrebeogo and Noufou Ouédraogo,

July 2021

International Journal of Sociology and Anthropology
W.E.B. Du Bois: Prophet of social justice in the 21st Century

These are times that trouble the soul. American sociologist, pragmatist, and race historian, W.E.B. Du Bois can be helpful in examining and resolving some of the racial and political tensions in the United States. After the lynching of sixty-two African Americans in Atlanta in 1906, Du Bois wrote a year later that the problem of the nineteenth century is the problem of color line. An examination of his’ race...

Author(s): Abolade Ezekiel Olagoke

July 2021

ISABB Journal of Food and Agricultural Sciences
Identification of traditional weaning foods and their processing methods in the Northeast District of Botswana

Weaning is an important milestone in a baby’s life and weaning practices are strongly associated with culture of a society. The use of traditional foods is important since they contain vital nutrients and essential vitamins important for the proper maintenance of human health, especially for children who are often vulnerable to malnutrition and diseases. The focus of this study was to identify traditional weaning...

Author(s): Sarah Tshepho Pona Matenge and Goabaone Nancy Bareetseng

July 2021

International Journal of Sociology and Anthropology
The plight of people with disabilities and children with cerebral palsy: The role of social work and multi-disciplinary approach

Disability and cerebral palsy can occur at any time of any individual’s life.  Conditions such as cerebral palsy affect mostly children and can be seen as one of the birth defects.  A study was conducted to investigate the plight of children with cerebral palsy (CP) and their families in Moses Kotane Hospital, Bojanala District.  This was done as the area of disability is mostly neglected in the...

Author(s): John Obakeng Keforilwe and Elizabeth Ivy Smit

July 2021

African Journal of Pure and Applied Chemistry
Synthesis of N-alkyl-3- (1H-benzimidazolyl) -2-chloroquinoline derivatives potential candidates against infectious organisms

In the search for new drugs possessing the activities we have sought to synthesize new quinoline derivatives which constitute a basic heterocyclic support of some drugs such as quinine, chloroquine marketed under the name Nivaquine®, Mefloquine®, used in the treatment of malaria. The objective of this work is to contribute to the synthesis of new derivatives of quinoline. It consists in introducing heterocycles...

Author(s): Gbe Gondo Didier DIOMANDE, Sagne Jacques AKPA, Doumade ZON  and Ané ADJOU

June 2021

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Shelf stability of processed cocoyam flour during storage at room temperature (28.0 ± 2°C) for a period of four months

The shelf life study of dry milled cocoyam flour packaged in low density polyethylene was carried out for a period of 4-month. Microbiological, nutritional, physicochemical quality characteristics and aflatoxin content were evaluated. The total viable bacterial counts  ranged from 1.6×103 - 4.8×105 cfu/g while the total viable fungal count increased from 5.0 × 101 - 3.8 × 105 sfu/g. The...

Author(s): G. I. Okwu, A. R. Akpe and A. A. Osawaru  

June 2021

Educational Research and Reviews
Mathematics anxiety, attitude and performance among secondary school students in Kenya

Mathematics anxiety and attitude have a great influence on mathematics performance. This article presents an analysis of the relationship between Mathematics anxiety, attitude and performance. The study adopted a correlational research design. The analysis is based on the responses of 367 students who were randomly selected from 55 secondary schools. An adapted Mathematics Anxiety Scale (MAS) and Attitude towards...

Author(s): Casty Mukami Mutegi, Ciriaka Muriithi Gitonga and Peter Rugano

June 2021

African Journal of Food Science
Effects of processing on nutrient composition in guava- and jackfruit-based snacks

Guava and jackfruit are popular fruits in East Africa. With consideration of the high post-harvest losses of these two fruits and only seasonal availability, this study aimed to produce nutrient rich fruit-based snacks to decrease this problem and make use of surplus fruits during on-season. Given the nutritional situation in East Africa, these products were also developed to have a high content of desired nutrients....

Author(s): Sirui Xing, Gudrun B. Keding and Elke Pawelzik

June 2021

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Monitoring of physicochemical and microbiological parameters during nonnonkoumou (artisanal curdled milk) production in Daloa, Côte d’Ivoire

This study aimed to study physicochemical and microbiological parameters during nonnonkoumou production. A total of 15 samples were analyzed during this study at a rate of 3 samples per fermentation time (T0 h, T6 h, T12 h, T18 h and T24 h). The physicochemical analyses showed a drop in pH (from 7.03 ± 0.028 to 4.59 ± 0.021) during the 24 h of fermentation. The titratable acidity increased from 0.30...

Author(s): ASSOHOUN-DJENI Nanouman Marina Christelle, ATTIEN Yao Paul, KOUASSI Kra Athanase, KOUASSI Kouassi Clément, KOUAME Aya Bah Marie-Ange Christelle, DJENI N’dédé Théodore and KONATE Ibrahim

June 2021

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Molecular characterization of carbapenem resistant Gram-negative rods in Neonatal Intensive Care Unit of Mansoura University Children's Hospital

Carbapenems are group of extended-spectrum β-lactam antimicrobials frequently used for treating multidrug-resistant Gram-negative bacilli (GNB) infections. This study aimed at detecting and characterizing carbapenem resistance (CR) genes among GNB isolated from patients treated in neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) of Mansoura University Children's Hospital (MUCH), Egypt. It is a prospective study conducted...

Author(s): Heba Elsayed Eldegla, Islam Nour,  Nehad Nasef , Basma Shouman, Hesham Abdel-Hady, Mayada Zeid, Nawal S. Gouda, Manal M. Nomir, Abd Elazeez Shabaan, and Noha Mostafa Mahmoud,

June 2021

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Phytochemical properties and antimicrobial activity of Buchholzia coriacea and Psychotria microphylla leaf extracts on bacterial pathogens isolated from aquatic environments in Nigeria

The use of medicinal plants as alternative therapy for the treatment of microbial infections is significant in the maintenance of good health, especially in developing countries. The aim of this study was to determine the phytochemical composition and antimicrobial activity of Buchholzia coriacea and Psychotria microphylla leaf extracts on bacteria isolated from aquatic environments in Nigeria. Exactly 736 water samples...

Author(s): Ude I. U., Moses I. B., Okoronkwo C., Ovia K., Okafor C., Chukwunwejim C. R., Okata-Nwali O. D., Iroha C. S., Akuma S., Peter I. U., Uzoeto H. O., Ngwu J. N., Onuorah A. L., John-Onwe B. N. and Iroha I. R.  

June 2021

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Anti-bacterial activity of secondary metabolites from Chrysanthemum cinerariaefolium

This study evaluated antibacterial activity of Chrysanthemum cinerariaefolium (pyrethrum) flower dichloromethane crude extract, fractions and isolated compounds; pyrethrin II, jasmolin I and cinerolone against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Staphylococcus aureus and Shigella sonnei. The isolated compounds were obtained by carrying out column chromatography on dichloromethane...

Author(s): Caroline J. Kosgei, Festus Tolo, Josphat C. Matasyoh, Meshack Obonyo, Peter Mwitari, Lucia Keter, Richard Korir and Beatrice Irungu  

June 2021

International Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences
Prevalence and risk factors of Hepatitis B virus infection among blood donors in Gabonese National Blood Transfusion Center: A cross-sectional and analytic study

Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is prevalent in Gabon and poses a potential risk of transmission by blood transfusion. However, few studies have examined epidemiological data regarding HBV infection of Gabonese blood donors. This article reports on research conducted to estimate the seroprevalence of HBV and associated risk factors in the urban population of Gabon. A cross-sectional and analytic study survey of blood...

Author(s): Maulot-Bangola D., Nkoa T., Rebienot P. O., Mangala C., Moundanga M., Boussougou O., Vigan Codjo F. and Fokam J.  

June 2021

Journal of AIDS and HIV Research
Acute human immunodeficiency testing and linkage to Care: An evaluation of community-based 4th generation antigen/antibody testing

As a relatively novel testing algorithm, the experience with 4th generation HIV testing and linkage to care outcomes is limited. The purpose of this study is to report descriptive outcomes regarding patients with acute HIV infection who received antigen/antibody (Ag/Ab) reactive results and linkage to care services. HIV testing and linkage data from four AIDS Healthcare Foundation (AHF) Wellness Centers in Los Angeles...

Author(s): Sagar R. Amin, Henna Patani, Adam C. Sukhija-Cohen, Steven M. Rivera and Jeffrey D. Klausner

June 2021

Educational Research and Reviews
The effectiveness of response to intervention (RTI) diagnostic program in diagnosing and improving the difficulties of reading and writing in a Jordanian sample

The study aims to investigate the impact of an educational program that was developed based on the response to intervention model for diagnosing and improving the difficulties of learning to read and write among a sample of students in Jordan. The number of the study participants was 60 male and female students, with learning difficulties in fourth, fifth, and sixth grades in government schools affiliated with the...

Author(s): Sabah Hasan Hamdan Al-Onizat

June 2021

Scientific Research and Essays
Effect of organic foliar sprays on yield of cluster bean (Cyamopsis tetragonoloba L. Taub) cv. Pusa Navbahar

This experiment was conducted during the year 2020-2021 in open field condition at three locations such as Madurai (Kalvelip-atti-L1), Ramnad (Thiruvarangam-L2) and Kunnathur (Peraiyur-L3) of Tamil Nadu, India to assess the effects of organic foliar sprays viz. Panchakavya, vermiwash and cow urine on yield and growth parameters of cluster bean ((Cyamopsis tetragonoloba (L.)Taub.) cv. Pusa Navbahar). Four treatments...

Author(s): Selvarani K., Anushavardhini S., Jose J. J. and Mariselvi V.  

June 2021

Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development
Factors influencing adoption of improved maize seed varieties among smallholder farmers in Kaduna State, Nigeria

This study ascertained factors influencing adoption of improved maize seed varieties in three local government areas of Kaduna State, North-central Nigeria. It collected cross-sectional data for a sample of 180 randomly selected farming households across three local government areas of the State in 2015/16. Both descriptive and inferential analyses were performed on the data. The descriptive statistics differentiated...

Author(s): Oluwatoyin Bukola Chete  

June 2021

Educational Research and Reviews
Students’ metaphoric perceptions regarding the concept of distance education during the pandemic

The aim of this study is to examine the views of students at different education levels on the concept of distance education through metaphors. In this study, the phenomenological design was used in accordance with the nature of qualitative research. The participants of the study, for whom the ethical rules were taken into account, consisted of 63 gifted students in total studying at primary and secondary school levels....

Author(s): Ezgi Pelin YILDIZ, Ayse ALKAN and Metin CENGEL

June 2021

African Journal of Medical and Health Sciences
Pain index and health-related quality of life in a Nigerian patient’s cohort with sickle cell anaemia

The severity of sickle cell anaemia (SCA) often causes painful episodes of vaso-occlussive crises and affects quality of life. Poor health-related quality of life (HRQoL) associated with sickle cell disease has been established. The study aim was to determine the relationship between pain index and HRQoL in Nigerian patients with SCA. The study was a cross-sectional survey of SCA individuals. Data collection was done...

Author(s): Festus Olusola Olowoselu, Oluseun Peter Ogunnubi, Olufunke Itunu Olowoselu, Osahon Enabulele, Olufemi Abiola Oyedeji, Oluwamuyiwa Anthony Ayanshina, and Vincent Oluseye Osunkalu  

June 2021

African Journal of Biotechnology
Effect of VIUSID-Agro™ on the conversion of somatic embryos of coffee (Coffea arabica L.) cv. Red Caturra rojo-884

A critical factor in the in vitro propagation protocol via somatic embryogenesis of coffee is the survival and growth of plants under ex vitro conditions. The objective of this work was to determine the effect of VIUSID Agro™ during the conversion of somatic embryos of coffee cv. Red Caturra rojo-884 in semi-controlled culture conditions. Two solutions (0.5 and 0.8 mL L-1) of the biostimulant were evaluated on in...

Author(s): Laisyn Posada-Pérez, Raúl Barbón Rodríguez, Alina Capote Pérez, Anabel Pérez Pérez, Yenny Padrón Montesino, Bulent Kukurtcu, Dion D. Daniels, Guillermo Reyes and Rafael Gómez-Kosky

June 2021

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Importance and diversity of Mycorrhizae under plantain cultivation in the slash-and-burn and non-burn cropping systems in the forest region of Kisangani, Tshopo Province, D.R. Congo

Mycorrhization is known to have beneficial effects on growth vigour and protection against certain pathogens in several plant species including plantains, which has so far been little studied in the Kisangani forest region. This study aimed to determine the importance and biodiversity of mycorrhizae under plantains in the slash-and-burn and non-burn cropping systems. This research was carried out in two experimental...

Author(s): Kasaka D., Onautshu O., Muliwambene K., Lebisabo B., Baert G., Swennen R., Haesaert G. and Dhed&#;a D.  

June 2021

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Mealybugs on fruit crops in the Sao Franciso Valley, Brazil

Mealybugs are agricultural pests occurring all over the world. The Sao Francisco Valley is one of the most productive regions regarding the cultivation of fruit crops in Brazil, demanding a proper phytosanitary management that can be obtained through the biological control of pests. Fortnight samples of mealybugs associated with roots, trunk, leaves and fruits of grapevines, pear, apple, persimmon, guava and Barbados...

Author(s): Maria das Graças Rosa de Sá and José Eudes de Morais Oliveira  

June 2021

Journal of Horticulture and Forestry
Physiological quality of African eggplant seeds as influenced by natural fermentation and drying methods

Seed extraction and drying methods are important procedures employed after harvesting fruits of African eggplant as these methods affect the seed quality. This study sought to evaluate the seed physiological quality of two cultivars of African eggplant subjected to various durations of natural fermentation and different drying methods. In the first study, fruits were fermented for 0, 6, 12, 24 and 48 h before seed...

Author(s): Hillary Mireku Botey, Julius Onyango Ochuodho, Lucas Ngode, Eric Owusu Danquah and Richard Agyare R.  

June 2021

International Journal of Fisheries and Aquaculture
Occupational hazards, risk and injuries of fish processors in Tombo a coastal fish landing site, Sierra Leone, West Africa

Fish and fish products bear potential hazards and risks of public health concern. A preliminary study of hazards, injuries and risks among fisherfolk in Tombo, Sierra Leone, West Africa was carried out on November 2018. Sixty subjects from among the organized fish processor groups were interviewed with semi-structured questionnaire. Results obtained from the study were analyzed with Microsoft Excel and presented in...

Author(s): Olapade Olufemi Julius, Kpundeh Mathew Didlyn, Quinn Patrick George and Nyuma Grace Janet Yawa  

June 2021

International Journal of Fisheries and Aquaculture
Water hardness does not influence iodine-induced mortality of rainbow trout eyed eggs

To evaluate the effects of water hardness on survival to hatch of eyed rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss eggs during iodophor disinfection, hard (300 mg/L CaCl2) and soft water (20 mg/L CaCl2) solutions were used in combination with iodophor treatments of 0, 100, 200, 400, 800, and 1600 mg/L. Water hardness did not significantly influence egg survival-to-hatch. In addition, there was no significant interaction between...

Author(s): Alex J. Rosburg, Cameron Enright, Jill M. Voorhees and Michael E. Barnes  

June 2021

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
In-vivo anti-inflammatory activity of different parts of Adansonia Digitata

The aim of the study is to investigate the anti-inflammatory property of the different parts of Adansonia digitata (Malvaceae) extracts. A. digitata is an important medicinal plant to West Africa including Ghana. The plant is used effectively in folk medicine to treat inflammatory diseases such as joint disorders, asthma, toothache and painful swelling. Carrageenan-induced pedal oedema in 7-day old chicks was was the...

Author(s): Anna Kwarley Quartey, Isaac Ayensu, Emmanuel Orman, Nana Ama Mireku-Gyimah, Yakubu Jibira and Phoebe Esinam Goku  

June 2021

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Amount of nitrogen and phosphorus fertilizer required to optimize growth and yield of rice

Soil nutrient management is an important factor in plant growth for increased crop production and productivity in Sub-Saharan Africa whose food demand is over the threshold. Rice production in Uganda is still very low with current yield less than 2.5 ton ha-1. The impressive production increase is mainly on to farmer area expansion. A fertilizer trial was established to determine a New Rice for Africa (NERICA) 4 variety...

Author(s): Peter B. Ssenyonga and Umemiya Yoshiaki  

June 2021

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
Determination of the optimum tilt angle for photovoltaic modules in Senegal

This paper deals with finding the optimum tilt angle of solar panels for solar energy applications. The objective is to maximize the output electrical energy of the photovoltaic (PV) modules. A mathematical model was used to determine the optimum tilt angle of solar collectors in Senegal on a daily and monthly basis, as well as for a specific period. Then, the configuration of the optimum tilt angle was analyzed by...

Author(s): Adama Sarr, Cheikh M. F. Kebe and Ababacar Ndiaye

June 2021

Journal of Civil Engineering and Construction Technology
Potential use and benefits of automation for traffic control in roadway construction

This paper addresses the impact of using automated flagging devices in road construction instead of using construction workers. To examine the efficacy of automating this construction activity, a group of drivers with diverse characteristics/demographics was involved in the study. The diverse characteristics included gender, age, years of driving experience, and level of formal education (e.g., high school, college, and...

Author(s): Chris Jordan, Ahmed Senouci and Neil Eldin  

June 2021

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Substitution of non-biodegradable plastic food packagings by ecological food packagings at Abomey-Calavi University (Benin): State of place and microbiological quality of packagings

Challenging with environmental problems and health due to non-biodegradable plastic wastes, Abomey-Calavi university heads have banned the use of any Non-biodegradable Plastic Food Packagings (NPFP) on all campuses.  This study aimed to verify the effective implementation of this decision and assess the microbiological quality of ecological primary food packagings used in Abomey-Calavi campus. To achieve the...

Author(s): Agossou P. Noumavo, Messan A. B. Ohin, Noel Tovide, Lucile Adjovi, Rachelle Dissou, Lamine Baba-Moussa, Fatiou Toukourou and Farid Baba-Moussa

Page 8 of 1227, showing 50 records out of 61308 total, starting on record 351, ending on 400