Articles

 

Articles

Page 9 of 1151, showing 50 records out of 57545 total, starting on record 401, ending on 450

December 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Fertilizer source influence on antioxidant activity of lettuce

Consumers are increasingly aware and concerned about their health and therefore demanding for more healthy and nutritious food. Thus, the demand for organic foods has increased recently. Thus the aim of this study was to compare the antioxidant activity and total phenolic content of lettuce produced in organic and conventional systems. The antioxidant activity of ethanol extracts was determined by the DPPH and FRAP...

Author(s): Camila Karina Costa e Silva, Kelly Barbosa da Silva, Paulo Rogério Barbosa de Miranda, Tâmara Claudia de Araújo Gomes, Jessé Marques da Silva Júnior, Mayara Andrade Souza, Aldenir Feitosa dos Santos and João Gomes da Costa,  

December 2018

African Journal of Biotechnology
Marker-assisted pyramiding of Xa21 and Xa7 genes conferring resistance to bacterial leaf blight in indica cultivar Bacthom7

Bacterial leaf blight (BLB) of rice is one of the most destructive diseases affecting rice fields. Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae (Xoo) is the causal agent of BLB. Two BLB resistance genes, Xa21 and Xa7, were transferred into the susceptible indica cultivar Bacthom7 (BT7) by using marker-assisted selection with markers pTA248 for Xa21 and ID7 for Xa7. Improved BT7 lines carrying the two resistance genes were inoculated...

Author(s): Nguyen Thi Thu#, Vu Hong Quang#, Mai Van Tan#, Vu Đuc Lam, Nakano Toshitsugu, Nguyen Thi Hue, Nong Thi Hue, Nguyen Quoc Trung, Nguyen Viet Long, Nguyen Van Hoan and Vu Van Liet

December 2018

African Journal of Biotechnology
Superoxide dismutase activity and jasmonic acid during in vitro-ex vitro transition of pineapple (Ananas comosus (L.) Merr.) micropropagated plantlets

Recent agriculture is characterized by intensive and cleaning productions, which need seeds with high quality in large quantities bonded by in vitro culture labs. Nevertheless, in vitro ex vitro transition and during acclimatization losses occur due to the death of plantlets unable to survive this abiotic stress. Reactive oxygen species production during jasmonic acid-induced changes of previous transition was...

Author(s): González-Olmedo J. L., Garza-García Y., Mbogholi A., Rodríguez-Escriba R. C., Aragón C. E., Rodríguez R., and Moreno A.  

December 2018

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Ethnobotanical study of indigenous knowledge on medicinal plants used to treat diseases in selected districts of Amhara Regional State, Ethiopia

This study was conducted in four districts of Amhara Region, Ethiopia. The aim of the study was to assess medicinal plants found in Menz gera, Siyadebirna Wayu, Antsokiya gemza and Bugna districts, Amhara region, Ethiopia. The ethnobotanical surveys were carried out from September 2017 to June 2018 using a semi-structured checklist consisting of questions or issues prepared in advance. Two separate questionnaires were...

Author(s): Tewodros Kelemu and Worku Wolde  

December 2018

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Selenium-enriched polysaccharides from pyracantha fortuneana (Se-PFPs) augment docetaxel-induced tumor suppression in human ovarian cancer

Pyracantha fortuneana (Maxim.) contains many healthy ingredients, including selenium-enriched polysaccharides. Selenium-enriched polysaccharides from P. fortuneana (Se-PFPs) have anti-mutation and anti-oxidation activities, along with anti-tumor activity in ovarian cancer and breast cancer cells. Docetaxel (DTX) is widely applied in therapeutic treatment for ovarian cancer. However, its use in clinics is restricted due...

Author(s): Zhengtai Liu, Liyue Gai, Jiayuan Qu, Chong Guo, Yuwen Zhao, Yu Yang, Xiaoyue Wen and Chengfu Yuan

December 2018

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Comparative analysis of capsaicin in twenty nine varieties of unexplored Capsicum and its antimicrobial activity against bacterial and fungal pathogens

In this study, the capsaicin content of chile pepper extracts from 29 unexplored varieties of Capsicum (twenty five varieties of Capsicum chinense and five of Capsicum annuum) was quantified and correlated with the antimicrobial potential against bacterial and fungal pathogens. The capsaicin content and bactericidal activity against numerous human pathogens (Salmonella, Escherichia coli O157:H7, Listeria monocytogenes,...

Author(s): Morrine A. Omolo, Zen-Zi Wong, Weih G. Borh, Grant A. Hedblom, Kamal Dev, and David J. Baumler,  

December 2018

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Hepato-protective potentials of Sterculia setigera stem-bark extract on acetominophen induced hepato toxicity in Wistar albino rats

The study was set to investigate the potency of stem bark extract of Sterculia setigera as a hepato-protective agent against acute administration (overdose) of acetaminophen in experimental animals. Experimental animals were grouped into six treatments with each group containing five rats. Group 1 was the placebo, Group II was the standard treatment orally administered acetaminophen at a dosage of 250 mg/kgbw and...

Author(s): Garba M. H., Sherifat M. L., Abdul-Majeed A. O., Hafsa L. M., Awal A.B., Sa’adu A. A. and Lekene B. J.  

December 2018

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Phytochemical analysis, antioxidant, antibacterial and combinational effects of medicinal plants used by Bapedi traditional healers to prepare herbal mixtures

The aim of this study is to evaluate the biological activities of some plant species used in the preparation of herbal mixtures and determine the combinational effects. The plant materials were collected from traders who use them to prepare herbal mixtures claimed to be blood purifiers, pain-relievers, anti-diarrheal and aphrodisiac medicines. An aqueous decoction of each plant species was prepared. Thin layer...

Author(s): Mashilo Mash Matotoka and Peter Masoko  

December 2018

Educational Research and Reviews
Applicability of the learning organisation idea to universities in Kenya

The concept of the learning organisation is now gaining more prominence globally, yet there are few organisations that assert to be learning organizations, or identify with organizational learning. On the same breath, the learning organisation concept and practice is voiced more in the developed nations than in the developing ones, more so, Africa. Further, the learning organization appears to be more practical in...

Author(s): Abenga Elizabeth Sarange B.      

December 2018

Educational Research and Reviews
Reflection in language teaching: A comparison between preservice and experienced teachers of English

Teachers’ ability to reflect on their performances or reflective teaching has been commonly used and accepted in the educational contexts. However, it has not become a content item or a course in educational curricula so far. For this reason, reflective abilities of teachers or preservice teachers cannot be measured, and there is limited feedback on their reflective performances in the teaching and learning...

Author(s): Ulas Kayapinar

December 2018

Educational Research and Reviews
The relationship between orientation and rhythm ability of children doing karate

The aim of this study is to determine the relationship between orientation and rhythm ability of children doing karate. Children who do karate from Turkey participated in the study. Their age is 14.60 ± 0.82 years; height, 1.60 ± 0.06 m and weight, 53.40 ± 7.01 kg. 20 numbered medicine ball run tests and sprint test with given rhythm were used to determine orientation and rhythm ability of the...

Author(s): Alper Tunga Peker and Mustafa Vural

December 2018

African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
Preclinical 28 days sub-chronic toxicity study of novel formulation of metoprolol tartrate on albino rats using statistical tool

The experimental study mainly focused on evaluation of sub-chronic oral toxicity of sustained formulation of metoprolol succinate. After the formulation development of multiparticulate sustained release capsules, there was an urgent need to analyze their in vivo bioavailability in healthy normal human volunteers. Prior to use in human population, a subchronic oral toxicity study was performed on Swiss Albino rats, of...

Author(s): Sabahuddin Siddique, Sourav Das, Mohi Iqbal Mohammed Abdul, Syed Ata Ur Rahman, Durdana Lateef, Shubhasis Dan and Anirbandeep Bose  

December 2018

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Diversity and Symbiotic Effectiveness of Rhizobium Isolates Collected from Different Faba bean (Vicia faba) Growing Areas of North and South Gondar, Ethiopia

Fifty seven Rhizobium isolates were retrieved based on infection method from different faba bean growing areas of North and South Gondar, Ethiopia. In sand culture, only 35.5% of isolates showed nodulation. Analyses of variance indicated that inoculation of isolates improved tested traits significantly (p< 0.05) at all measured investigated parameters such as shoot length, shoot dry weight, and plant total nitrogen...

Author(s): Zewdu Teshome Awlachew and Samuel Sahile Woldemariam

December 2018

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Agronomic performance of soybean treated with Bacillus amyloliquefaciens

The development of practices that maintain or increases soybean yield can increase the profitability of this crop. In this context, the use of microorganism-based products in crops has been extensively studied. Among the species, Bacillus amyloliquefaciens has shown significant potential for agronomic use due to its ability to control phytoparasitic microorganisms and its effects in promoting plant growth. The aim of...

Author(s): Fabiano Aparecido Rios, Schwan-Estrada Kátia Regina Freitas, Robinson Luiz Contiero, Guilherme Braga Pereira Braz, Rodrigo Roman, Rafael Brugnera Belani and Valdenir Catapan

December 2018

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Seroprevalence of Chikungunya during outbreak in Dhaka, Bangladesh in 2017

Chikungunya (CHIK) infection is re-emergence public health problem globally including Bangladesh. It is an arthropod-borne disease, which is transmitted by mosquitoes bite. The virus was first isolated in Newala district of Tanzania in 1953. In 2017, an outbreak of Chikungunya, has struck Bangladesh’s capital, Dhaka. This study was conducted to know the seroprevalence, clinical presentations and seasonal trends of...

Author(s): Or Rashid Md Haroon, Md Monowar Hossen Patwary, Syed Mohammed Faruk, Ahmed Imtiaz, Avijit Loha and Rahman Md. Zahedur

December 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Identification of sequence-characterized amplified regions (SCARs) markers linking resistance to powdery mildew in chilli pepper (Capsicum annuum L.)

Powdery mildew disease in chilli pepper caused by Leveillula taurica has been affecting chilli pepper grown in greenhouse and open fields. Inheritance of powdery mildew disease resistance is complex and least understood. In the present study, we identified SCAR markers using F2 mapping populations developed from a cross between a resistant parental line ‘Odisha Local' and a parental line susceptible to powdery...

Author(s): Rajesh R. Wankhade and Madhukar S. Wadikar  

December 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Genetic variability in agronomic traits and associations in sorghum [(Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench)] genotypes at intermediate agro-ecology sorghum growing areas of Ethiopia

The present study consists of 14 sorghum genotypes evaluated at Bako, Jimma and Mechara research centers to study genetic variability and interrelationships of traits with grain yield. The experiment was conducted by using randomized complete block design (RCBD) with three replications during 2014 and 2015 main rainy season. Data on important agronomic traits were collected. The combined analysis of variance (ANOVA)...

Author(s): Adane Gebreyohannes, Taye Tadesse, Amare Seyoum, Habte Nida, Amare Nega, Tsegau Senbetay and Chalachew Endalemaw

December 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Genetic variability of some yield and yield related traits in recombinant inbred lines of tef [Eragrostis tef (Zucc.) Trotter] at Laelay Maichew District, Northern Ethiopia

Tef [Eragrostis tef (Zucc.) Trotter] is a tetraploid almanac plant which belongs to the grass family, Poaceae and plays a vital role in the Ethiopian national food. In this study, thirty-four F2 derived F7 recombinant tef inbred lines, two standard (Kora and Quncho) and one local checks were field evaluated for genetic variability in grain yield and yield related characters at Axum Agricultural Research Center in 2014...

Author(s): Haftamu Hailekiros  

December 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Economic and operational analysis of tomato mechanized harvesting systems for industrial processing

The determination of the cost of agricultural production is an important tool for controlling and managing productive activities and generating information to support decision-making. The objective of this work was to make technical and economic evaluations of three mechanized tomato harvesting systems for industrial processing through the study of times, movements and the determination of operational costs. The...

Author(s): Tulio de Almeida Machado, Haroldo Carlos Ferandes, Fábio Lucio Santos, Nerílson Terra Santos and Clarice Aparecida Megguer  

December 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Priming of Urochloa brizantha cv. Xaraés seeds

Priming is one of the several physiological methods used to increase the performance of seeds. To evaluate the effects of priming, seeds of Urochloa brizantha cv. Xaraés were primed under different osmotic potentials (ys = 0.0; -0.5; -1.0 and -1.5 MPa) and temperatures (15 and 25°C) for 24, 48, 96 and 144 h. The germination percentage and germination speed index were evaluated, in a completely randomized...

Author(s): Silvia Rahe Pereira, Ana Eliza da Silva Lima, Adriana Paula D’Agostini Contreiras-Rodrigues, Daiane Rodrigues de Oliveira and Valdemir Antônio Laura,  

December 2018

African Journal of Biotechnology
Preliminary study on rice straw degradation using microbial inoculant under shake flask condition

Abundance and unmanaged agriculture residues lead to unutilized resource waste and environmental pollution. Application of microbial technology to manage agriculture waste could produce value-added product. A preliminary study on biodegradation of rice straw using different potential microorganisms was tested under controlled environment. Three different inoculant cultures were used to observe their efficiency in rice...

Author(s): Nurul Ain Abu Bakar, Mohammad Hariz Abdul Rahman, Nur Alyani Shakri, Syuhaidah Abu Bakar and Abhar Abdul Hamid

December 2018

African Journal of Biotechnology
DNA extraction from silica gel-preserved common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) leaves

Extraction of non-degraded and contaminant-free DNA from field specimen requires collection under liquid nitrogen which is not readily available in resource constrained laboratories in low and middle income countries (LMICs). A method of extracting DNA from silica gel-preserved common bean (Proteus vulgaris L.) leaves is presented. The method, which does not involve the use of phenol, chloroform or isoamyl alcohol also...

Author(s): Male Allan Ssekamatte, Kato Fred and Mukankusi Clare Mugisha

November 2018

International Journal of Livestock Production
Assessment of factors affecting adoption of exotic chicken breed production in North Western Zone of Tigray, Ethiopia

Exotic chicken breeds were promoted and disseminated in the rural and peri-urban parts of Ethiopia, to improve the productivity of the poultry to increase the income of farmers. The study was conducted to explore the factors affecting adoption of exotic chicken breed in Tselemti and Tahtay Koraro districts of North Western zone of Tigray region, Ethiopia. A multi-stage random sampling technique was followed to select...

Author(s): Teklemariam Abadi, Muluken Gezahegn and Abadi Teklehaimanot  

November 2018

International Journal of Livestock Production
Assessment on consumption and marketing system of chickens in Gena Bossa district, south Ethiopia

This study was conducted in Gena Bossa district on assessment of consumption and marketing of chickens with the objectives of assessing chicken meat and egg consumption and marketing system of chickens. Random sampling method was used to select 138 households for interview. About 55.1% of chickens were owned by wife and the rest of flocks were owned by husband, boys and girls. Almost all of the farm activities were...

Author(s): Matawork Milkias  

November 2018

African Journal of Food Science
Sensory evaluation and consumer acceptability of orange-fleshed sweet potato by lactating women and their children (<2 years old) in Kaffrine, Central Groundnut Basin, Senegal

This study evaluated the sensory properties and consumer acceptance of boiled, fried, and mashed orange-fleshed sweet potato (OFSP), by rural lactating women (n=80) and their children <2 years old (n=77). Sensory evaluation and acceptability were performed using a 7-point hedonic scale. Intake parameters (food intake and eating rate), and vitamin A content in the OFSP were measured. The relationships between the...

Author(s): Abdou Badiane, Papa M. D. D. Sylla, Adama Diouf, Laure Tall, Mame S. Mbaye, Ndeye S. Cissé, Nicole I. Dossou, Salimata Wade and Philippe Donnen  

November 2018

African Journal of Food Science
Sensory evaluation of improved and local recipes for children aged 6 to 23 months in Bukoba, Tanzania

Complementary foods are foods other than breast milk or infant formula (liquids, semisolids, and solids) introduced to an infant to provide nutrients as well as energy. To ensure sustainable consumption of the improved recipes, sensory evaluation is important to assess acceptability of the modified recipes among the targeted consumers or population. This study was to assess sensory attributes of the improved recipes for...

Author(s): Mbela Domina Esther Nkuba, Kinabo Joyce, Mwanri Akwilina Wendelin and Ekesa Beatrice  

November 2018

African Journal of Food Science
Effects of germination and defatting of the soybean and sesame on the mineral bioavailability and absorption of sweet potato based complementary diets

The effect of germination of soybean and sesame seeds on the bioavailability of minerals of complementary foods was investigated using rats. Formulations of complementary diets 1 to 4 were produced from sweet potato, soybean and sesame flours at a ratio of 60:30:10, respectively. Formulated diets were significantly higher (p<0.05) in protein, fat and moisture content and lower in carbohydrate and crude fibre than in...

Author(s): Uzo-Peters Phyllis I. and Akinola Karimat O.  

November 2018

African Journal of Food Science
Oxalate, phytate and nitrate content in African nightshade, spider plant and amaranths at different stages of maturity

African indigenous green leafy vegetables play important role in income generation and subsistence; they are the cheapest and most readily available sources of important minerals and vitamins. On the other hand, they contain anti-nutritional factors that reduce availability of vital nutrients. This study was conducted to determine oxalates, phytates and nitrates content in commonly consumed Amaranths cruentus, Spider...

Author(s): Mwanri A. W., Mamboleo T. F., Msuya J. M. and Gowele V. F.

November 2018

African Journal of Food Science
Dietary practices, habits and physical activity levels of the Swahili community, Kenya in relation to obesity and chronic diseases of lifestyle

Chronic diseases of lifestyle like diabetes mellitus and hypertension appear at greater rates in populations which consumed high fat, high calorie diets and engaged in low or no physical activity. Physical inactivity and unhealthy diets are major contributors of overweight and obesity which are risk factors for lifestyle diseases. This study aimed at determining the relationship between dietary practices, habits,...

Author(s): Faith Ngundi Ndungi, Prisca Tuitoek and Abdillahi Aboud

November 2018

African Journal of Food Science
Microbiology, heterocyclic amines and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons profiles of some grilled, roasted and smoked foods in Lagos and Ogun States, Nigeria

Dietary intake of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) and heterocyclic amines (HCA) has posted a great health risk as they have been identified as a most potent human carcinogen. Microbial quality of food is also of concern as they contribute to food poisoning and infection. Sixty food samples comprising roasted yam, plantain, grilled and smoked fish and meat were randomly sampled from Lagos and Ogun State, Nigeria,...

Author(s): Oranusi S., Onibokun E. A. Obafemi Y.D. and Dureke G.

November 2018

Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science
Morphological characterization of common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) landraces of Central region of Benin Republic

Common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) is an important food consumed in every region in Republic of Benin; however, it remains a neglected and under-utilized crop. In order to assess the value of bean germplasm of the central region in the Republic of Benin for useful breeding programs, 57 accessions were collected from 23 villages. After a classification based on the morphological variables of the seeds, these accessions...

Author(s): Laura Estelle Yêyinou Loko, Azize Orobiyi, Arlette Adjatin, Joel Akpo, Joelle Toffa, Gustave Djedatin and Alexandre Dansi  

November 2018

Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science
Characterization and correlation analysis of economically important parameters of lentil exotic germplasm

The basic aim of this study is to evaluate the exotic lentil germplasm (BIGMP LIEN-MH-18) received from ICARDA. Economically desirable characters were studied and correlated to select the genotypes for the targeted breeding programme. Thirty-six lentil exotic entries were studied. The exotic genotypes 36102 and 36108 yielded 665 and 625 kg/ha respectively similar to our local recommended check (Punjab Masoor-09) that...

Author(s): Muhammad Rafiq, Sadia Kaukab, Aqsa Tahir, Masood Qadir, Muhammad Sajjad Saeed, Busharat Hussain and Gulfam Riasat  

November 2018

International Journal of Livestock Production
Aflatoxigenic fungi in Nigerian poultry feeds: Effects on broiler performance

Aflatoxigenic fungi common to poultry feeds from Nigerian feed mills were investigated and their effects on broiler production were determined. Sixty two weeks old Abor-acre broilers were randomly divided into 5 treatment groups. Each treatment group had 3 replicates of 4 birds each. Birds in each treatment group were fed feed from one of five companies. Feed intake and body weights were determined. Blood samples were...

Author(s): Tochukwu E. Ejioffor, Anthony C. Mgbeahuruike, Emanuela I. Nwoko, Obianuju N. Okoroafor, Chinwe J. Aronu, Nwaigwe O. Chukwuemeka, Adiong A. Felix, Adong F. Atawal and Onwumere O. S. Idolor  

November 2018

International Journal of Livestock Production
Beef edible red offal condemnations in Kgatleng Slaughter Facilities, South eastern Botswana in a wet and dry season period

The study aimed to determine pathological conditions across two seasons, leading to condemnations of beef edible red offals in Kgatleng District, Botswana. Offals are valued in communities of Botswana. Data from slaughter facilities was evaluated for dry/winter and wet/summer seasons. Financial losses were also determined. 7405 cattle were processed in the two seasons, with 4005 cattle slaughtered in the dry season and...

Author(s): Molebeledi Horatius Dambe Mareko, Elly Masitha and Baetsi Lesly Raditshane  

November 2018

Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics
Smallholder agricultural finance in Nigeria: The research gap

The aim of this paper is to first and foremost review various literatures on agricultural financing in Nigeria and study the various streams and impact of financing that are available to the smallholder farmers, and secondly, to propose a direction for future research in enhancing the utilization of these funds for sustainable development of smallholder farming in Nigeria. This paper is based on review of articles...

Author(s): Oluwamayokun Anjorin Fadeyi  

November 2018

Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics
Cost and returns of soybean production in Assosa Zone of Benishangul Gumuz Region of Ethiopia

In Ethiopia, the demand for soybean product is increasing as a result of increasing population growth, agro-processing and urbanization. Research needs to provide farm level evidence that could guide informed production decision-making. This research was conducted to assess costs and patterns of input use and determine the profitability of soybean production in Assosa zone of Benishangul-Gumuz region. Data for the study...

Author(s): Afework Hagos and Adam Bekele  

November 2018

Journal of Media and Communication Studies
Perception of medical awareness of media analyzed by multilayer perceptron

The study considers the perception of medical errors and media awareness. This study identifies the effectiveness of the television media intervention in creating awareness on medical malpractices and it has find out the impact of maintaining medical records of a family online by the family doctor in reducing medical malpractices. This creates the importance of service quality in medical industry through the multilayer...

Author(s): K. Ravichandran, S. Arulchelvan and K. PeriyaKannan

November 2018

Journal of Media and Communication Studies
Forecasting, forewarning weather and disasters in the social web: A network study

Web 2.0 environments like the social web have redefined communication altogether through the proliferation of user generated content. With escalating global instances of disasters, people more particularly the millennial community tend to consume increased amounts of multitudinous information pertaining to weather and its woes in the social web apart from actively participating in the disaster discourse. The current...

Author(s): Mahalakshmi Selvaraj and Sunitha Kuppuswamy

November 2018

African Journal of Plant Science
Evaluation of Growth, Yield and Quality of Potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) Varieties at Bule, Southern Ethiopia

This experiment was aimed to evaluate the performance of potato varieties in respect to growth, yield and quality attributes. A field experiment was carried out in Bule, Southern Ethiopia during the summer of 2017 under rain fed condition. The experiment was a single factor and arranged with randomized complete block design with 3 replicates. Treatments included different potato varieties (Bule, Gudenie, Jalenie,...

Author(s): Alemayehu Tilahun Getie, Miilion Paulos Madebo and Seman Abrar Seid  

November 2018

African Journal of Plant Science
Evaluation of rice (Oryza sativa L.) advance uniform lines using multivariate analysis

Principal component analysis is a multivariate statistical technique used to observe the variance and to assess the relative influence of various traits for aggregate variability. In this study, ten advance uniform rice lines were grown for two consecutive years and morphometric data on eight yield and yield related attributes were collected. The principle component analysis was performed on the means of two...

Author(s): Awais Riaz, Tahira Bibi, Qasim Raza, Muhammad Sabar and Muhammad Akhter

November 2018

African Journal of Plant Science
Effect of brewery effluent on the anatomical and morphological structure of Talinum triangulare (Jacq) Willd

The study was carried out to determine effect of brewery effluent on the anatomical and morphological characters of Talinum triangulare. Seeds from matured T. triangulare were germinated and transplanted into plastic containers. The seeds were irrigated with 10, 20, 30 and 40% effluent concentrations respectively. A control experiment irrigated with normal water was also set aside. Data were collected on weekly basis...

Author(s): Folorunso A. E., Dada C. M., Olaleye-Otunla F. and Agboola O. O.

November 2018

African Journal of Plant Science
Genotypic response to weeding regimes of upland rice on woodland savannah sub-ecological area of Lake Albert crescent zone of Uganda

Weeds represent one of the major biological constraints to upland rice production in low input agricultural systems. The effects of weeding regimes and rice cultivars on weed growth and rice yield were investigated over three seasons. Four weeding regimes [0 (no weeding control), 1, 2, and 3] and three popular rice varieties (NARIC 2, a local cultivar, and NERICA 4), were tested in 4x3 factorial experiment in a...

Author(s): R. Kakeeto, J.  Musinguzi, L. Auma, B. Odogwu and F. Ssekiwoko

November 2018

African Journal of Plant Science
Assessment of the allelopathic effects of seeds and seedlings of rotational crops and ryegrass

Allelopathic effects were evaluated for a series of rotational crops, namely barley, canola, wheat, lupine, medic, lucerne (alfalfa) and ryegrass in laboratory studies. This followed on a field assessment of these crops to identify inter-species phytotoxic effects. Two different experiments to determine phytotoxicity effects of seed and seedling leachates were conducted under controlled conditions. The first experiment...

Author(s): M. I. Ferreira, C. F. Reinhardt and M. van der Rijst

November 2018

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
Environmental governance and employment effects: An empirical research based on mediating effect model

In recent years, the problem of large-scale production suspension of domestic enterprises and unemployment of laborers brought about by environmental governance is becoming increasingly serious. How to reduce the negative externalities of environmental governance has become an urgent practical problem that needs to be solved. Based on the Cobb-Douglas production function model, this paper introduced the mediating effect...

Author(s): Jian XUE, Xiaoqin JI and Niandong WANG  

November 2018

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
Assessment of physico-chemical characteristics of groundwater among different farm sizes in Ainabkoi sub-county, Uasin Gishu County, Kenya

Access to quality drinking water is of major concern for sustainable development in developing countries with regard to physico-chemical properties. Groundwater from shallow wells is the main source of domestic water supply for the community of Ainabkoi Sub-County of Uasin Gishu County in Kenya. Seasonal agricultural production activities expose the water to possible pollution. In this regard the study aimed to assess...

Author(s): Lydia Mbula Kitonga, Wilkister Nyaora Moturi, Samuel Mutuku Mwonga and Isaiah Taabu  

November 2018

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
The role of an environmental engineer in preventing and reducing environmental stress

Environmental engineer is concerned with the protection and prevention of the environment and develops the solution to environmental problem. Environmental engineer ensures work place hazards and environmental health and safety related policies and procedure are communicated to employer and employees, ensures the availability of medical surveillance programme in assisting employer and employees in the course of...

Author(s): Otti V. I., Nwafor A. U. and Dan N. K.

November 2018

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
Water quality assessment of various sources in Peri-urban areas of Malawi: A case of Bangwe township in Blantyre

Water supports life at microscopic and macroscopic levels. Good quality water is essential to economic and social growth of a community and a nation at large. Bangwe township in Blantyre is one of the closest townships to the city and provides a reliable workforce and supply of consumables to the city. Due to its overcrowding, there are a lot of issues to do with illnesses that arise from contamination of portable...

Author(s): Thokozani Kachulu Mtewa, Francis Chauluka, Andrew Glory Mtewa, Linda Muwanya Banda, and Leonard kalindekafe  

November 2018

Journal of Soil Science and Environmental Management
Prospects for sustainable cocoa farming from the rainfall balance in the last thirty years at Lôh-Djiboua and Gôh post-pioneer regions, Côte d’Ivoire

The rainfall disturbances observed in the recent decades in Côte d'Ivoire constitute a constraint for sustainable cocoa production, the mainstay of the Ivorian economy. These disturbances constitute, in addition to the losses of production and those from the quality of the cocoa beans, one of the causes of the high cocoa mortality at the recovery stage in all cocoa production area. The present study, carried...

Author(s): KASSIN Koffi Emmanuel, KOUAME Brou, COULIBALY Klotioloma, TAHI Gnon Mathias N’GUESSAN Walet Pierre, AKA Aka Romain, ASSI Marise Evelyne, GUIRAUD Brigitte Honorine, KONE Boake and YAO Guy Fermand  

November 2018

Journal of Soil Science and Environmental Management
Impact of pollution by the hydrocarbons on the biological activity of soils in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso

The microbial activity estimated by respirometry test method made it possible to measure the quantity of CO2 produced per day, from four soils polluted at different degrees by hydrocarbons. These samples have been wet to 2/3 of their maximal capacity of retention and incubated at 30°C for 30 days. The quantity of CO2 released and measured shows a high value (83.97 mg/100 g of soils against 36.05 mg/100 g of soils)...

Author(s): Pauline W. Kaboré-Ouédraogo, Cheik A. T. Ouattara, Paul W. Savadogo, Aboubacar S. Ouattara and Alfred S. Traoré    

November 2018

Journal of Geography and Regional Planning
Improving the quality of Alaska Native Village climate change planning

Alaska Native Villages (ANVs) are trying to adapt to some of the most extreme climate change in the nation; but the planning systems in place for these communities are not necessarily leading to adaptive actions. Based on reviews of existing plans as well as interviews and conversations with 153 people that live in ANVs or influence ANVs plans and policies, this article describes how climate change adaptation and hazard...

Author(s): Elizaveta Barrett Ristroph  

Page 9 of 1151, showing 50 records out of 57545 total, starting on record 401, ending on 450