African Journal of
Biotechnology

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Biotechnol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1684-5315
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJB
  • Start Year: 2002

AJB Articles in press

Efficacy of botanical pesticides against Acanthoscelides obtectus (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae): A strategy for insect pest control

Article in Press

Laboratory experiments were carried out to investigate the efficacy of botanical insecticidal materials against a major insect pest of stored beans, Acanthoscelides obtectus. The materials employed by small scale farmers to reduce the problem of bean postharvest losses caused by A. obtectus were identified and collected from Dar es Salaam and also from Kimuli and Mabira villages in Kagera region in Tanzania. The materials...

Author(s):Rugumamu Costancia Peter

Genetic improvement for green pod yield and number of pods in two segregation populations of pea (Pisum sativum L.)

Article in Press

This study was conducted at the Experimental Farm of The Faculty of Agriculture, South Valley University, Qena Governorate during three successive winter seasons of 2011/2012, 2012/2013 and 2013/2014 to improve green pod yield/plant (g) of field pea. The breeding materials used in this study were F3, F4 and F5 generations of the two field pea crosses Alaska X Little Marvel (population 1) and Alaska X Dwarf Gray sugar...

Author(s):Rashwan A., M., A

Hypolipidemic, Hypoglycemic and Anti-obesity effects of Opuntia ficus indica aqueous extract in rabbits

Article in Press

Opuntia ficus indica is used in traditional medicine for the treatment of hyperlipidemia, hypercholesterolemia, diabetes and dermal burns. The aim of this study was to analyze and compare the effects caused by the Opuntia ficus indica aqueous extract on serum and lipid parameters in white male rabbits (initial mean weight 1.95 kg). Rabbits were divided into two groups (n=6), the first group represented the control group,...

Author(s):HALMI S

COMPARATIVE STUDIES ON PRODUCTION OF BIOETHANOL FROM PEELS OF COCOYAM AND SWEET POTATO USING Aspergillus niger AND Saccharomyces cerevisiae

Article in Press

The aim of this research is to compare the potential of sweet potato and cocoyam peels (non-edible waste material) for bioethanol production using sequential monocultures of Aspergillus niger and Saccharomyces cerevisiae and co-cultures of Aspergillus niger and Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Each sample was dried and ground; and was subjected to heat pretreatment. Direct fermentation of pretreated sweet potato and cocoyam peels...

Author(s):DANIEL UDENZE and Victoria Adegunloye

USE OF MARKER ASSISTED SELECTION (MAS) FOR THE CHARACERIZATION AND INTROGRESSION OF RUST RESISTANCE GENES USING AN F2 ROBIN/KWALE POPULATION

Article in Press

Breeding for durably resistant varieties is amongst the best strategies to exterminate the threat posed by stem rust race Ug99 of wheat. This race has continued to spread and ascertain itself as a danger to global wheat production and consequently food security. The continuous swift development of new DNA marker technologies has proved invaluable in breeding for durable rust resistance to stem rust race Ug99 and its...

Author(s):BERNICE NGINA WAWERU, PETER NJOROGE NJAU, GODWIN KAMAU MACHARIA, OLIVER KIPLAGAT

A COMPARATIVE STUDY ON THE PROXIMATE AND PHYTOCHEMICAL ANALYSIS OF THE MALE AND FEMALE PARTS OF CARICA PAPAYA

Article in Press

The phytochemical analysis of the male and female plant parts (leaves, flower and bark) of Carica papaya was investigated. The analysis revealed the presence of some plant bioactive components. There was a difference in the bio-active component of the male and female leaves, both leaves revealed the presence of alkaloid, tannin, phlobotanins, saponin, flavonoid, anthraquinones, phenol and cardiac glycosides. Terpenes,...

Author(s):DEBORAH ONIFADE

Lactic acid bacteria fermentation of coconut milk and its effect on the nutritional, phytochemical, antibacterial and sensory properties of virgin coconut oil produced

Article in Press

Coconut oil has profound health benefits but the high content of fatty acids is a concern to many consumers, several processing methods have failed to produce oil with considerable change in fatty acid content. In this study, selected lactic acid bacteria including Lactobacillus plantarum, Lactobacillus pentosus, Leuconostoc mesenteroides and Enterococcus faecium were used to ferment coconut milk for production of virgin...

Author(s):Olateru Comfort T., Popoola Bukola M., Alagbe Gbolahan O. Ajao Omobayonle

A novel method for DNA extraction from animal blood by adding bacterial lysozyme

Article in Press

The DNA quality is one of the main conditioning factors for the individual identification. Therefore, appropriate methodologies are required for their extraction. A new DNA extraction method from sheep blood was implemented based on the hexadecyl trimethyl ammonium bromide method (CTAB 2%), 1) temperature changes, cell lysis and variation of washes (CTABM), and 2) addition of an incubation process with bacterial lysozyme...

Author(s):Fidel M. Torres-Lemus, Hilda V. Silva-Rojas, Omar Hernández-Mendo, Maria M. Crosby-Galvan.

Yield and Stability Analysis of Promising Mung Bean (Vigna radiata L.) Genotypes in Ethiopia

Article in Press

Nine mung bean genotypes were evaluated for grain yield performance at four locations in 2016 main cropping season. The experiment was arranged in 3x3 lattice design with three replicates. Additive main effect and multiplicative interaction (AMMI) combined analysis of variance revealed that genotype, location and genotype x location interaction (GLI) significantly affected (p

Author(s):Hashim Samir Amsalu Berhanu Tumsa Kidane

Strain improvement of B. Parabrevis SR2729 for enhanced biodegradation of chlorpyrifos

Article in Press

Chlorpyrifos (CP) is of major concern for researchers and its biological degradation has been routinely practiced. Organophosphate hydrolase (OPH) responsible for the degradation of the agent was hyper-produced by the exposure of parental strain (PS) to EthBr for 70 minutes. Out of hundreds, the mutant strain SR2729-B (MS) showed 2.6 times greater zone of hydrolysis of CP, with OPH activity of 2.4 folds greater as compared...

Author(s):Samreen Rasool and Muhammad Anjum Zia

Tri-Phala Residue: A Low-Cost Substrate for Gallic Acid and Isoquercitrin Production by Aspergillus niger ATCC 16888 Under Solid-State Fermentation in Packed-bed Bioreactor

Article in Press

Tri-Phala residue (TR) was studied as a substrate for isoquercitrin and gallic acid productions by solid-state fermentation of A. niger in the packed bed bioreactor aerated at of 0.1, 0.3 and 0.5 vvm. The contents of biomass, isoquercitrin and gallic acid in the fermented TR along the height of the bioreactor were analyzed. The highest fungal growth rate was found on middle position in the SSF with 0.5 vvm aeration as...

Author(s):Teerin CHYSIRICHOTE and Pattarabhorn PAKAWEERACHAT

“PCR-based identification of Prevotella copri sp. Associated with New Onset Rheumatoid Arthritis (NORA)”

Article in Press

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a prevalent systemic autoimmune disease, caused by a combination of genetic and environmental factors. Here we performed 16S sequencing on 30 samples from rheumatoid arthritis patients and controls. We identified the presence of Prevotella copri as strongly correlated with disease in new-onset untreated rheumatoid arthritis (NORA) patients. Increases in Prevotella abundance correlated with a...

Author(s):Veena K D , Prabhurajeshwar and Rashmi S B

Multi-Environment Yield Trials Analysis of Stability through AMMI and GGE Biplot Model of Cowpea (Vigna Unguiculata L.) Genotypes in Ethiopia

Article in Press

Developing high yielding cultivars with wider adaptability is the ultimate goal of any plant breeders. However, attaining this goal is complicated by genotype environment interaction. Sixteen cowpea lines including two standard checks were arranged in 4x4 triple lattice design and evaluated at seven locations for grain yield performance in 2016 main cropping season. Combined analysis of AMMI revealed that genotype,...

Author(s):Multi-environment trial, Cowpea, GEI, Broad adaptation

Qualitative Screening of Lipolytic Bacteria from Lipid–Rich Environmental Samples of Wolkite Town

Article in Press

Abstract The majority of lipolytic enzymes in industrial use are currently attracting an enormous attention because of their bio-technological applications. Lipase producing bacteria were isolated from five fat containing soils of oil mills, abattoir, garage, Sewage and cafeteria and were grown on nutrient agar. In order to identify the best lipid producing bacteria, the bacterial strain were screened in tributyrin...

Author(s):Mulugeta Belay, Getu Hailu , Ewenetu Azene, Eyuel Abasa, Meseret Neguse, Hayat Abdo, Getachew Tayachew

Molecular characterization of some bacteria with bioleaching potentials from Agbaja mines of Kogi State, Nigeria

Article in Press

Molecular studies were carried out on two bacterial species isolated from iron ore mines of Agbaja in Kogi State, Nigeria. This is with a view to exploring their bioleaching potentials. Preliminary morphological and biochemical tests shows that the two bacteria strains belong to Acidithiobacillus and Leptospirillum species respectively. X-ray diffraction analysis conducted on the raw iron ore gave concentrations of iron to...

Author(s): Ekpa, E,Onwurah I.N.E and Ezeanyika, L.U.S.

Disruption of C-terminal Domain Impairs in planta GCN2-dependent Phosphorylation of Arabidopsis eIF2α-subunit

Article in Press

Elucidation of mechanisms by which plants respond to stress is crucial for developing stress tolerant crops. Unlike plants, stress response mediated by eIF2α-kinases is well described in yeast and mammalian systems. We isolated a NaCl-tolerant mutant (JP2) with 35S enhancers upstream of AtGCN2. Under NaCl-stress, JP2 had 1.4 fold AtGCN2 transcripts than control. JP2 phenotype was however inconsistent, but prompted enquiry...

Author(s):Indieka S. A and Dominy P. J#

Evaluation of Tephrosia vogelii and Annona squamosa Extracts for their Efficacy against Insect Pests of Watermelon and their Effects on its Fatty Acid Profile

Article in Press

This experiment was carried out at Ladoke Akintola University of Technology, Teaching and Research farm during the late and early planting seasons of 2016 and 2017 to determine the efficacy of Tephrosia vogelii F. and Annona squamosal L. extracts on major insect pests of watermelon (Citrullus lanatus Thumb.) and their effects on nutritional content and fatty acid compounds of watermelon. This experiment was arranged in a...

Author(s): Fatai O. ALAO, Timothy A. ADEBAYO, Oladele A. OLANIRAN

Molecular diversity assessment using sequence related amplified polymorphism (SRAP) markers in maize

Article in Press

Sequence related amplified polymorphism (SRAP) markers were used to assess the genetic diversity and relationship among 11 inbred lines of maize (Zea mayL.) genotypes. Thirteen SRAP marker combinations were used out of which 11were found to be polymorphic with a PIC value of 0.632 discriminated all of the 11 Z. mays L. genotypes. The Jaccard’s similarity coefficients between pairs of genotypes were found to vary from...

Author(s):H. Dabral, D.C. Baskheti and R. K. Singh and V. P. Kumar

Genetic diversity of Kebericho(Echinopskebericho), an endangered, endemic Ethiopian medicinal plant as reveled byISSR molecular markers

Article in Press

Echinopske bericho is an important endangered medicinal plant that is endemic to Ethiopia. The levels of genetic diversity and patterns of population structure in E. kebericho were studied using inter-simple sequence repeat markers (ISSR). Six selected primers were used to amplify DNA samples from 70 individuals, and a total of 79 loci were detected. Our results showed that genetic diversity was high at the species level...

Author(s):Muluken Enyew, Teklehaimanot Haileselassie, Tileye Feyissa , Kassahun Tesfaye,

Cytotoxicity, genotoxicity and toxicity of plant biostimulants

Article in Press

The great expansion that in recent years has been in the use of plant biostimulants has underestimated the possibility of producing environmental risks. The objective of this study was to evaluate the cytotoxicity, genotoxicity and toxicity of three different biostimulants (widely marketed in Brazil and exported to other countries) – A, B and C - on both plant and animal indicator organisms. In A. cepa, the...

Author(s):Ana Paula Soares e Silva, Tamires de Sousa Silva, Amanda de Almeida dos Santos; Karoline Griebler Ribeiro; Márcia Maria Mendes Marques, Pedro Marcos de Almeida, Ana Paula Peron,

USE OF SIMPLE SIQUENCE REPEATS (SSRs) MOLECULAR MARKERS TO IDENTIFY COMMON BEAN (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) GENOTYPES WHICH ARE RESISTANT TO ANTHRACNOSE (Colletotrichum lindemuthianum)

Article in Press

Common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.), is among the most important legume crop for protein source in peoples’ diet globally and including Kenya. Anthracnose (Colletotrichum lindemuthianum) is a common disease of legumes that causes yield loss of up to 90-100%. The aim of the study was to investigate the use of SSR molecular markers to identify anthracnose resistant common bean genotypes. Forty four selected common bean...

Author(s):Gaudencia J. Kiptoo , Miriam G. Kinyua , Lexa G. Matasyoh, Oliver K. Kiplagat

RAPD marker based Genetic diversity of Amaranthus population from different phytogeographic regions

Article in Press

Amaranths are most economically important group of plants, including leafy vegetables and ornamentals. Six different accessions of the same species of Amaranth were distributed from various places all over the India like Maharashtra, Gujarat and Himachal Pradesh. Correct genotype identification is important to evaluate the genetic diversity of local Amaranthus, and for efficient weed control and containing high nutritional...

Author(s):RAJIB ROYCHOWDHURY, MOBINA PARVEEN, JAGATPATI TAH

Environmental interaction and Combining Ability Analysis in Rice (Oryza sativa L.) under Temperate Agroecology

Article in Press

A diallel study was carried out over two diverse environments in rice during 2011-12 by generating 36 F1s using 9 parents. Analysis of variance revealed significant differences among the genotypes together with significant G x E interaction for most of the characters studied. Estimates of and revealed that, the latter component of variance was greater in magnitude for most of traits for pooled data over environments and...

Author(s):SAJAD HUSSAIN DAR, Abdul Gani Rather, Najeeb-ur-Rhaman Sofi, Subash C. Kashyp, Mohmad Ashraf Ahanger

Beneficial Effects of Exogenous Silicon and Iodine in Lemon Balm Plants Subjected to Water Stress

Article in Press

Since exploring stress alleviant is one of the tasks of plant biologists, the aim of this study was to determine whether the application of exogenous iodine (80 µM KIO3) and silicon (Si, 0.35 g Na2SiO3 Kg-1 soil), can improve the response to severe water stress in lemon balm (Melissa Officinalis L.) plants. Water-deficit stress imposed negative effects on seedling growth by reducing shoot and root biomass, chlorophyll...

Author(s):Habibi

Characterization of purified protease produced by Aspergillus terreus NCFT 4269.10 using chickling vetch peels

Article in Press

Aspergillus terreus NCFT 4269.10 was used for extracellular protease production under liquid static surface (LSSF) and solid-state fermentation (SSF) using powder of chickling vetch peels as the substrate. Maximum production of protease was noticed at 30°C incubated for 96h. The crude protease obtained was purified by ammonium sulphate precipitation, dialysis followed by size-exclusion chromatography using Sephadex G-100...

Author(s):BIJAY KUMAR SETHI, PRATIVA KUMARI NANDA and SANTILATA SAHOO

Essential oils from Eupatorium sp as source of deterrent compounds against drywood termite: A review

Article in Press

Plant products with deterrent activities can become good, environmentally safe, alternative preservatives to protect, preserve, and treat damaged pinewood. The repellent and anti-feedant effects they have shown are specifically against pinewood borer insects. Therefore, it is advisable to use the natural resources available to adequate them into the control pest management. There is an abundant number of plant species of...

Author(s):Martinez Pacheco Mauro Manuel

Antifungal effect of cow urine extracts against Colletotrichum capsici causing leaf spot disease of turmeric

Article in Press

Turmeric is an herbaceous perennial crop which is native of the genus Curcuma longa L., belonging to family Zingiberaceae. It has versatile uses in flavouring, dye making, drug preparation, cosmetics and medicine. The turmeric plant highly prone to several fungal diseases, among them leaf spot disease of turmeric resulting to huge losses of 25.83 to 62.12% fresh weight and 42.10 to 62.10% dry weight of rhizome.The five...

Author(s):R.S. MISHRA

In vitro studies on tolerance of selected biocontrol agents to certain agrochemicals used in tea (Camellia sinensis)

Article in Press

In vitro studies on tolerance of selected biocontrol agents to certain agrochemicals used in tea (Camellia sinensis)

Author(s):Nepolean P.

Alcohol production from locally available Avocado and Banana wastes (peels) using Saccharomyces Cerevicea in Adama, Ethiopia

Article in Press

Different fruit wastes are major environmental polluters however; they can also be exploited to produce energy. The presented study was to evaluate the alcoholic yield from locally available Avocado and banana peels. Different substrates combinations were made for Avocado and Banana peels. The fermentation was allowed for 4 consecutive days using Saccharomyces Cerevicea. The alcoholic yield was extracted by simple...

Author(s):Seid Ebu, Abrham Mulu

Phenotyping identification of Candida albicans from oral cavity of immunosupperesed patients

Article in Press

The present study was Candida albicans identification from oral swabs of immunocompramised patients for further reference. A total of 38 oral swabs from the oral thrush patients were collected and inoculated on Sabourauds dextrose agar for primary isolation. After appearance of the colonies on SDA, individual colony is tested for identification of different species of candida albicans on the basis of biochemical and...

Author(s):KIRISHNASWAMY DEEPA, T JEEVITHA, A MICHAEL, B Appalaraju

Lactic acid bacteria as biological preservative for food

Article in Press

Fermentation of various food stuffs by lactic acid bacteria (LAB) is one of the oldest forms of biopreservation practiced by mankind. This review focused on Lactic acid bacteria isolated by screening method from traditional food products of African countries and their antimicrobial metabolites as natural preservatives to control the growth of spoilage and pathogenic bacteria in foods. Particularly in the use of various...

Author(s):PRIVAT KOUAKOU, Beda Marcel yapo and Ghyslain kahenouin Ouya

Validation of the putative candidate gene specific marker Os04g53050-1 specific for broad spectrum bacterial blight resistance gene, Xa38, in rice

Article in Press

Bacterial blight is one of the most destructive rice diseases that cause significant yield losses. The bacterial blight resistance gene Xa38 provides broad spectrum resistance against Xoo isolates in India. We validated the marker Os04g53050-1specific to Xa38 in the population derived from the cross of ‘‘CO43’’/ ‘‘PR114 (Xa38)’’. We also observed the expected marker allele pattern according to the...

Author(s):Gizachew Haile Gidamo and kumaravadivel Nachimuthu

Biochemical and Bacteriological Characterization of Portable Water Supply in Eket Community of Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria

Article in Press

The effective protection of public health against water related diseases requires prevention, integration and management approaches. The selection of parameters and the determination of maximum allowable limits was undertaken in consideration to the WHO guideline for drinking water quality. This research was aimed at investigating the microbial quality of drinking water, biochemical characterization and identification of...

Author(s):VICTOR E OKPASHI, Igori Wallace, Ezike Tobechukwu Christian, Uroko Robert Ikechukwu

Genetic variation in different accessions of buffel grass (Cenchrus ciliaris (L.); Poaceae) assessed RAPD analysis

Article in Press

Genetic variation in different accessions of buffel grass (Cenchrus ciliaris (L.); Poaceae) assessed RAPD analysis

Author(s):Kailash Paliwal

Isolation and Evaluation for its Antibacterial Activity of Seedextracts from Linum Usitatissimum

Article in Press

Plants are the main and important source of medicinal agents where traditional treatment plays a major role in health care, and is also a common practice serving as the first aid. Flaxseed or linseed (Linum usitatissimum) is one of the important medicinal plants which are cultivated and growing worldwide that has attracted people’s interest for its many benefits it offers in human health. The general objective of this...

Author(s):Amare Genetu, Nigus Muche, Flia Fedlu, Endreas Tadele , Yonatan Selamu

Genetic variability and performance for agronomic and quality traits in sweet sorghum (Sorghum bicolor (L.)Moench) genotypes

Article in Press

Sweet sorghum is the most suitable crop for biofuel and grain yield production in arid and semi-arid lowland regions of Ethiopia. A study was carried out in Ethiopia during the 2015and 2016 crop seasons to determine the sweet sorghum genotypes for the potential of grain and ethanol yield, and genetic variability among the genotypes. Analysis of variance revealed that there was a highly significant difference among the 28...

Author(s):Chalachew Endalamaw and Asfaw Adugna

Molecular and physiological characterization of bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) breeding lines for fungal diseases tolerance

Article in Press

Fungal diseases are one of the major causes of losses on wheat yield in the world. Recent studies on plant defense mechanisms have highlighted the role of amino acids and total polyphenols in disease tolerance. Thus, with the objective of identifying on the basis of morphological and physiological variables the high-performance wheat accessions in high and low altitude, we characterized sixteen wheat accessions via...

Author(s):Pierre F. Djocgoué , Ariane Damdjo, Honoré Tékeu, Arlette Foko, Patrick Tsimi, Charly E. Mam, Jude D. Manga, Pierre O. Effa, Eddy M. L. Ngonkeu, Willem C. Botes

Polymorphism and comparative nucleotide sequencing of exon 1 of the BMP15 gene in Beetal and Assam hill goats

Article in Press

Beetal and Assam hill goats are prolific local goat breeds of India. Bone morphogenetic protein 15 (BMP15) is considered as one of the important candidate gene implicated in prolificacy. The main aim of the present study was to investigate the incidence of mutation in the exonic region of BMP15 gene of both Beetal and Assam hill goats. A total of 60 blood samples from Beetal and archived 100 samples of Assam hill goats...

Author(s):Tadesse Mindaye Beakal

EFFECT OF BIOCHAR, POULTRY DUNG AMENDMENTS AND TWO HERBICIDE ON BACTERIAL COUNTS IN TREATED TROPICAL SOILS

Article in Press

Biochar have been recommended as amendments in agricultural practices for carbon sequestration, improvement of soil physico-chemical properties and nutrient status. Studies were carried out on the effect of biochar and poultry dung amendments on a tropical soil microflora that was treated with two commonly used herbicides (priextra -180 ml/L and glyphosate -15 ml/L in 2.0 kg of soil sample) at 1.5 doses of their...

Author(s):Ayantade Dayo Victor AYANSINA, Deborah Oluwatobi AJABA, and Oluwakemi AROMOLARAN

Relationship between biofilm formation and nitrogen- and phosphorus-induced drug resistance of Enterococcus faecalis from

Article in Press

The phenomenon of bacterial resistance is a well-known and well-researched phenomenon and is a global issue of concern. Therefore, we studied the production and mechanism of drug resistance of Enterococcus faecalis from water sources to ciprofloxacin, oxytetracycline, and ampicillin, following nitrogen and phosphorus eutrophication. We established microcosms to explore how nitrogen and phosphorus eutrophication affects (i)...

Author(s):Zhengrun Xiao, Liaqat Ali, Xiaogang Lin, Yangqiu Wang, Jie Zhang, Daojin Yu

Estimation of Genetic Variability, Heritability and Genetic Advance for Grain Yield and Yield Components in Soybean(Glycinemax L.)

Article in Press

The success of any crop improvement programme largely depends on the amount of variability present in the plant materials. The objective of this study was to estimate the genetic variability and heritability for grain yield and quality traits in soybean as selection criteria in breeding for higher grain yield. The analysis of variance revealed significant variations among the genotypes. Estimates of phenotypic (PCV) and...

Author(s):Jandong, E.A.,Uguru, M.I and Okechukwu, E.C

Immobilization of the Carioca Bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) extract on SiO2-TiO2 aiming the determination of the herbicide Simazine

Article in Press

Pesticides are identified as hazardous contaminants due to high toxicity and persistence in the environment. In this context, it is necessary to monitor these pollutants in the environment in situ, with the use of low cost analytical techniques and of quick response. Biosensors are presented as a complementary analytical tool to more complex techniques, such as chromatography. The present work aims to develop, in a simple...

Author(s):Francisca das Chagas Sobral Silva Mihos, Emerson Schwingel Ribeiro,Maria Helena Wohlers Morelli Cardoso, Lucia Helena Pinto Bastos, Lívia Maria da Costa Silva, Andréa Medeiros Salgado

Investigating the possibility of simple sequence repeats for generating a phase variation with the entire Neisseria meningitides genome

Article in Press

Phase variation mediating simple sequence repeat (SSR) in slipped strand mispairing is considered the most important mechanisms of genetic variation in Neisseria meningitides and in defense against host attack strategies despite elicitation of the immune system against commensal and pathogenic bacteria. We aimed to achieve in a silico study for determining the possibility of SSR within different positions of N....

Author(s):Mohammad Abdul Rahmman Al-Maeni, Shaymaa Fouad Rasheed AlKhazraji Biology department-college of Science-University of Baghdad-Baghdad-Iraq

Evaluating of Yield and Yield Related Performance of Drought and Striga Tolerant Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L.) Genotypes in Northwestern Tigray

Article in Press

Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L) is the major staple and principal food crop cultivated widely in lowland areas of Ethiopia. Drought and Striga are the major abiotic and biotic constraints to sorghum production and productivity in Ethiopia specifically in the testing sites. The adaptation of sorghum to a wide range of environmental conditions has led to the evolution and existence of extensive genetic variation for drought and...

Author(s):Hailegebrial K.,Yirgalem T., Weledegerima G., Redae W., Alem R., & Eyasu A.

EVALUATION OF PROTEIN QUALITY OF A COMPLEMENTARY FOOD PRODUCED FROM WALNUT AND FERMENTED MAIZE FLOUR

Article in Press

This work aimed at formulating and evaluating the amino acids profile and protein quality of African walnut based complementary food using animal bio-assay. African walnut and maize grains (Zea mays) were processed separately into flour and formulated into blends containing 25 to 45% African walnuts. The most preferred blends were evaluated for protein efficiency ratio (PER), biological valve (BV), net protein utilization...

Author(s):Osunbade, OA, Adejuyitan, JA and Adewole, SA

BIOINFORMÁTICS ANALYSIS OF THE MOLECULAR INTERACTION BETWEEN VITAMIN C AND THE FIBRIN STABILIZING FACTOR (FACTOR XIII)

Article in Press

Vitamin C in the human body acts as one of the main antioxidant agents, besides acting as cofactor for several types of enzymes. Since the 1980s, ascorbic acid has been used by healthcare professionals to maintain the permeability of central catheters in a hospital environment. Blood coagulation aims at hemostasis, where the clot obtains rigidity in the presence of the fibrin stabilizing factor (FXIII), which is activated...

Author(s):Otávio Cardoso-Filho; Isabela Barbosa Cruz; Diego dos Santos Silva; Eloá Mangabeira; Paulo Henrique Tolentino Moura; Daniela Fernanda de Freitas; Demerson Arruda Sanglard; Tadeu Nunes Martins

Evaluation of Field Pea (Pisum sativum L.) Genotypes for Yield and Yield Attributing Traits at High land of Arsi, South East Ethiopia

Article in Press

The field experiment was conducted in 2018/19 main cropping season at two locations using simple lattice design to evaluate 49 field pea genotypes including nine released varieties for generating information on genotypic and phenotypic coefficient of variation, heritability and expected genetic advance for yield ad yield attributing traits. The genotypic (GCV) and phenotypic (PCV) coefficient of variation (GCV) ranged from...

Author(s):Kedir Yimam, Aliyi Robsa, Gizachew Yilma and Temesgen Abo

Epidemiology and Mobilization of Arsenic in India: Embark on Bioremediation

Article in Press

Arsenic (As) is foremost renowned threat for environment and societal well-being. Arsenic concentration is expanding at a disturbing rate in several countries. In nature, arsenic is present in combined state with metal ores and gets separated when anaerobic condition develops under the ground. People of affected regions are obliged to use arsenic contaminated water. Continuous use of As contaminated water causes cancer,...

Author(s):Ankur Bhardwaj, Rakesh Kumar Sharma, Gajendra B. Singh

In Vitro Antiproliferative Effects of Gold Nanoparticles Coated with Dermaseptin B2 Protein Against Prostate and Breast Cancer Cells.

Article in Press

DrsB2 is an antimicrobial peptide with antiproliferative activity obtained from South American frog species Phyllomedusa bicolor. In the present study, Gold Nanoparticles were coated with DrsB2 peptide and the resulting DrsB2-AuNPs characterized using UV-Visible spectra. In vitro studies of the DrsB2-AuNPs utilized three cell lines; DU145 (prostate), HCC1395 (breast) and the vero cell line (control). These cell lines were...

Author(s):Mark M. Ndubi, Fred Wamunyokoli, and Dickson M. Andala.

Quantitative Determination of Antibiotics in Aqueous Samples from Rivers, Mindu Dam and Mafisa Wastewater Treatment Plant Located in Morogoro Municipality, Tanzania

Article in Press

The anthropogenic load of antibiotics in Morogoro Municipality water bodies was estimated using the ELISA technique. Commercially available enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) kits that are commonly used for detection of tetracyclines, sulfonamides and quinolones residues in meat, milk, eggs and honey were adopted for analysis of these antibiotics in surface waters. Thirty three sampling points were selected,...

Author(s):Ally M.HS, Dalsgaards A, Mdegela RH

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