African Journal of
Biotechnology

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Biotechnol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1684-5315
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJB
  • Start Year: 2002

AJB Articles in press

Cytotoxicity, genotoxicity and toxicity of plant biostimulants

Article in Press

The great expansion that in recent years has been in the use of plant biostimulants has underestimated the possibility of producing environmental risks. The objective of this study was to evaluate the cytotoxicity, genotoxicity and toxicity of three different biostimulants (widely marketed in Brazil and exported to other countries) – A, B and C - on both plant and animal indicator organisms. In A. cepa, the concentrations...

Author(s):Ana Paula Soares e Silva, Tamires de Sousa Silva, Amanda de Almeida dos Santos; Karoline Griebler Ribeiro; Márcia Maria Mendes Marques, Pedro Marcos de Almeida, Ana Paula Peron,

USE OF SIMPLE SIQUENCE REPEATS (SSRs) MOLECULAR MARKERS TO IDENTIFY COMMON BEAN (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) GENOTYPES WHICH ARE RESISTANT TO ANTHRACNOSE (Colletotrichum lindemuthianum)

Article in Press

Common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.), is among the most important legume crop for protein source in peoples’ diet globally and including Kenya. Anthracnose (Colletotrichum lindemuthianum) is a common disease of legumes that causes yield loss of up to 90-100%. The aim of the study was to investigate the use of SSR molecular markers to identify anthracnose resistant common bean genotypes. Forty four selected common bean...

Author(s):Gaudencia J. Kiptoo , Miriam G. Kinyua , Lexa G. Matasyoh, Oliver K. Kiplagat

ISOLATION AND CHARACTERIZATION OF A NOVEL KERATINOLYTIC BACTERIAL STRAIN FROM SOIL SAMPLES OF CHICKEN FEATHER KERATINACEOUS-WASTE DUMPING SITES OF NGAOUNDERE (CAMEROON)

Article in Press

This study aims at characterizing new chicken feather-degrading bacteria isolated from soils of keratinic waste collected from four dumping sites of Ngaoundere. Fifteen proteolytic bacteria were isolated with three (D1, D2 and F1) showing the capacity to degrade feather in Basal Salt Media. Highest degradation rate (71.11 ± 3.05 %) of feather was obtained from isolate D2 from Municipal slaughterhouse. The partial...

Author(s):SILEU DOMBOU Armelle Leslie, ADJIA ZANGUE Henriette, NSO Emmanuel JONG, NJINTANG YANOU Nicolas, TATSADJIEU NGOUNE Leopold

Biotreatment of water samples from Itakpe iron mining site, Kogi state, Nigeria using Bacillus species

Article in Press

Four soil samples and water effluents each within the mining environment were tested in this study. Twenty six bacteria were isolated using nutrient agar and acidified nutrient agar. Gram staining and endospore staining were carried out to determine the Bacillus sp. used for bioremediation. Speciation of the microorganisms using 16S rRNA sequencing showed the organisms to be; Bacillus cereus NK1, Lysinibacillus sp....

Author(s):Ogunnusi T.A., Adu, A.O.and Oyinloye, J.M.A

RAPD marker based Genetic diversity of Amaranthus population from different phytogeographic regions

Article in Press

Amaranths are most economically important group of plants, including leafy vegetables and ornamentals. Six different accessions of the same species of Amaranth were distributed from various places all over the India like Maharashtra, Gujarat and Himachal Pradesh. Correct genotype identification is important to evaluate the genetic diversity of local Amaranthus, and for efficient weed control and containing high nutritional...

Author(s):RAJIB ROYCHOWDHURY, MOBINA PARVEEN, JAGATPATI TAH

Environmental interaction and Combining Ability Analysis in Rice (Oryza sativa L.) under Temperate Agroecology

Article in Press

A diallel study was carried out over two diverse environments in rice during 2011-12 by generating 36 F1s using 9 parents. Analysis of variance revealed significant differences among the genotypes together with significant G x E interaction for most of the characters studied. Estimates of and revealed that, the latter component of variance was greater in magnitude for most of traits for pooled data over environments and...

Author(s):SAJAD HUSSAIN DAR, Abdul Gani Rather, Najeeb-ur-Rhaman Sofi, Subash C. Kashyp, Mohmad Ashraf Ahanger

Beneficial Effects of Exogenous Silicon and Iodine in Lemon Balm Plants Subjected to Water Stress

Article in Press

Since exploring stress alleviant is one of the tasks of plant biologists, the aim of this study was to determine whether the application of exogenous iodine (80 µM KIO3) and silicon (Si, 0.35 g Na2SiO3 Kg-1 soil), can improve the response to severe water stress in lemon balm (Melissa Officinalis L.) plants. Water-deficit stress imposed negative effects on seedling growth by reducing shoot and root biomass, chlorophyll...

Author(s):Habibi

Characterization of purified protease produced by Aspergillus terreus NCFT 4269.10 using chickling vetch peels

Article in Press

Aspergillus terreus NCFT 4269.10 was used for extracellular protease production under liquid static surface (LSSF) and solid-state fermentation (SSF) using powder of chickling vetch peels as the substrate. Maximum production of protease was noticed at 30°C incubated for 96h. The crude protease obtained was purified by ammonium sulphate precipitation, dialysis followed by size-exclusion chromatography using Sephadex G-100...

Author(s):BIJAY KUMAR SETHI, PRATIVA KUMARI NANDA and SANTILATA SAHOO

Essential oils from Eupatorium sp as source of deterrent compounds against drywood termite: A review

Article in Press

Plant products with deterrent activities can become good, environmentally safe, alternative preservatives to protect, preserve, and treat damaged pinewood. The repellent and anti-feedant effects they have shown are specifically against pinewood borer insects. Therefore, it is advisable to use the natural resources available to adequate them into the control pest management. There is an abundant number of plant species of...

Author(s):Martinez Pacheco Mauro Manuel

Antifungal effect of cow urine extracts against Colletotrichum capsici causing leaf spot disease of turmeric

Article in Press

Turmeric is an herbaceous perennial crop which is native of the genus Curcuma longa L., belonging to family Zingiberaceae. It has versatile uses in flavouring, dye making, drug preparation, cosmetics and medicine. The turmeric plant highly prone to several fungal diseases, among them leaf spot disease of turmeric resulting to huge losses of 25.83 to 62.12% fresh weight and 42.10 to 62.10% dry weight of rhizome.The five...

Author(s):R.S. MISHRA

In vitro studies on tolerance of selected biocontrol agents to certain agrochemicals used in tea (Camellia sinensis)

Article in Press

In vitro studies on tolerance of selected biocontrol agents to certain agrochemicals used in tea (Camellia sinensis)

Author(s):Nepolean P.

Alcohol production from locally available Avocado and Banana wastes (peels) using Saccharomyces Cerevicea in Adama, Ethiopia

Article in Press

Different fruit wastes are major environmental polluters however; they can also be exploited to produce energy. The presented study was to evaluate the alcoholic yield from locally available Avocado and banana peels. Different substrates combinations were made for Avocado and Banana peels. The fermentation was allowed for 4 consecutive days using Saccharomyces Cerevicea. The alcoholic yield was extracted by simple...

Author(s):Seid Ebu, Abrham Mulu

Phenotyping identification of Candida albicans from oral cavity of immunosupperesed patients

Article in Press

The present study was Candida albicans identification from oral swabs of immunocompramised patients for further reference. A total of 38 oral swabs from the oral thrush patients were collected and inoculated on Sabourauds dextrose agar for primary isolation. After appearance of the colonies on SDA, individual colony is tested for identification of different species of candida albicans on the basis of biochemical and...

Author(s):KIRISHNASWAMY DEEPA, T JEEVITHA, A MICHAEL, B Appalaraju

Lactic acid bacteria as biological preservative for food

Article in Press

Fermentation of various food stuffs by lactic acid bacteria (LAB) is one of the oldest forms of biopreservation practiced by mankind. This review focused on Lactic acid bacteria isolated by screening method from traditional food products of African countries and their antimicrobial metabolites as natural preservatives to control the growth of spoilage and pathogenic bacteria in foods. Particularly in the use of various...

Author(s):PRIVAT KOUAKOU, Beda Marcel yapo and Ghyslain kahenouin Ouya

Validation of the putative candidate gene specific marker Os04g53050-1 specific for broad spectrum bacterial blight resistance gene, Xa38, in rice

Article in Press

Bacterial blight is one of the most destructive rice diseases that cause significant yield losses. The bacterial blight resistance gene Xa38 provides broad spectrum resistance against Xoo isolates in India. We validated the marker Os04g53050-1specific to Xa38 in the population derived from the cross of ‘‘CO43’’/ ‘‘PR114 (Xa38)’’. We also observed the expected marker allele pattern according to the phenotypic classification...

Author(s):Gizachew Haile Gidamo and kumaravadivel Nachimuthu

Biochemical and Bacteriological Characterization of Portable Water Supply in Eket Community of Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria

Article in Press

The effective protection of public health against water related diseases requires prevention, integration and management approaches. The selection of parameters and the determination of maximum allowable limits was undertaken in consideration to the WHO guideline for drinking water quality. This research was aimed at investigating the microbial quality of drinking water, biochemical characterization and identification of...

Author(s):VICTOR E OKPASHI, Igori Wallace, Ezike Tobechukwu Christian, Uroko Robert Ikechukwu

Genetic variation in different accessions of buffel grass (Cenchrus ciliaris (L.); Poaceae) assessed RAPD analysis

Article in Press

Genetic variation in different accessions of buffel grass (Cenchrus ciliaris (L.); Poaceae) assessed RAPD analysis

Author(s):Kailash Paliwal

Isolation and Evaluation for its Antibacterial Activity of Seedextracts from Linum Usitatissimum

Article in Press

Plants are the main and important source of medicinal agents where traditional treatment plays a major role in health care, and is also a common practice serving as the first aid. Flaxseed or linseed (Linum usitatissimum) is one of the important medicinal plants which are cultivated and growing worldwide that has attracted people’s interest for its many benefits it offers in human health. The general objective of this...

Author(s):Amare Genetu, Nigus Muche, Flia Fedlu, Endreas Tadele , Yonatan Selamu

Genetic variability and performance for agronomic and quality traits in sweet sorghum (Sorghum bicolor (L.)Moench) genotypes

Article in Press

Sweet sorghum is the most suitable crop for biofuel and grain yield production in arid and semi-arid lowland regions of Ethiopia. A study was carried out in Ethiopia during the 2015and 2016 crop seasons to determine the sweet sorghum genotypes for the potential of grain and ethanol yield, and genetic variability among the genotypes. Analysis of variance revealed that there was a highly significant difference among the 28...

Author(s):Chalachew Endalamaw and Asfaw Adugna

Molecular and physiological characterization of bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) breeding lines for fungal diseases tolerance

Article in Press

Fungal diseases are one of the major causes of losses on wheat yield in the world. Recent studies on plant defense mechanisms have highlighted the role of amino acids and total polyphenols in disease tolerance. Thus, with the objective of identifying on the basis of morphological and physiological variables the high-performance wheat accessions in high and low altitude, we characterized sixteen wheat accessions via...

Author(s):Pierre F. Djocgoué , Ariane Damdjo, Honoré Tékeu, Arlette Foko, Patrick Tsimi, Charly E. Mam, Jude D. Manga, Pierre O. Effa, Eddy M. L. Ngonkeu, Willem C. Botes

Polymorphism and comparative nucleotide sequencing of exon 1 of the BMP15 gene in Beetal and Assam hill goats

Article in Press

Beetal and Assam hill goats are prolific local goat breeds of India. Bone morphogenetic protein 15 (BMP15) is considered as one of the important candidate gene implicated in prolificacy. The main aim of the present study was to investigate the incidence of mutation in the exonic region of BMP15 gene of both Beetal and Assam hill goats. A total of 60 blood samples from Beetal and archived 100 samples of Assam hill goats...

Author(s):Tadesse Mindaye Beakal

Genetic Progresses from over four Decades of Sorghum [Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench, Poaceaea family] Breeding in Ethiopia

Article in Press

Information on genetic progress achieved over time from a breeding program is absolutely essential to develop effective and efficient breeding strategies. Thirty-seven improved lowland sorghum varieties released between 1976 and 2016 and promising advanced lines were evaluated to estimate the genetic progresses made in 40 years of sorghum breeding in Ethiopia. The study was conducted at 2 environments during 2018 cropping...

Author(s): TSEGAYE GEBREMARIAM GEBREGIORG, TAYE TADESSE, AMARE SEYOUM AND HUSSEIN MOHAMED,

EFFECT OF BIOCHAR, POULTRY DUNG AMENDMENTS AND TWO HERBICIDE ON BACTERIAL COUNTS IN TREATED TROPICAL SOILS

Article in Press

Biochar have been recommended as amendments in agricultural practices for carbon sequestration, improvement of soil physico-chemical properties and nutrient status. Studies were carried out on the effect of biochar and poultry dung amendments on a tropical soil microflora that was treated with two commonly used herbicides (priextra -180 ml/L and glyphosate -15 ml/L in 2.0 kg of soil sample) at 1.5 doses of their...

Author(s):Ayantade Dayo Victor AYANSINA, Deborah Oluwatobi AJABA, and Oluwakemi AROMOLARAN

Relationship between biofilm formation and nitrogen- and phosphorus-induced drug resistance of Enterococcus faecalis from

Article in Press

The phenomenon of bacterial resistance is a well-known and well-researched phenomenon and is a global issue of concern. Therefore, we studied the production and mechanism of drug resistance of Enterococcus faecalis from water sources to ciprofloxacin, oxytetracycline, and ampicillin, following nitrogen and phosphorus eutrophication. We established microcosms to explore how nitrogen and phosphorus eutrophication affects (i)...

Author(s):Zhengrun Xiao, Liaqat Ali, Xiaogang Lin, Yangqiu Wang, Jie Zhang, Daojin Yu

Estimation of Genetic Variability, Heritability and Genetic Advance for Grain Yield and Yield Components in Soybean(Glycinemax L.)

Article in Press

The success of any crop improvement programme largely depends on the amount of variability present in the plant materials. The objective of this study was to estimate the genetic variability and heritability for grain yield and quality traits in soybean as selection criteria in breeding for higher grain yield. The analysis of variance revealed significant variations among the genotypes. Estimates of phenotypic (PCV) and...

Author(s):Jandong, E.A.,Uguru, M.I and Okechukwu, E.C

Immobilization of the Carioca Bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) extract on SiO2-TiO2 aiming the determination of the herbicide Simazine

Article in Press

Pesticides are identified as hazardous contaminants due to high toxicity and persistence in the environment. In this context, it is necessary to monitor these pollutants in the environment in situ, with the use of low cost analytical techniques and of quick response. Biosensors are presented as a complementary analytical tool to more complex techniques, such as chromatography. The present work aims to develop, in a simple...

Author(s):Francisca das Chagas Sobral Silva Mihos, Emerson Schwingel Ribeiro,Maria Helena Wohlers Morelli Cardoso, Lucia Helena Pinto Bastos, Lívia Maria da Costa Silva, Andréa Medeiros Salgado

Investigating the possibility of simple sequence repeats for generating a phase variation with the entire Neisseria meningitides genome

Article in Press

Phase variation mediating simple sequence repeat (SSR) in slipped strand mispairing is considered the most important mechanisms of genetic variation in Neisseria meningitides and in defense against host attack strategies despite elicitation of the immune system against commensal and pathogenic bacteria. We aimed to achieve in a silico study for determining the possibility of SSR within different positions of N....

Author(s):Mohammad Abdul Rahmman Al-Maeni, Shaymaa Fouad Rasheed AlKhazraji Biology department-college of Science-University of Baghdad-Baghdad-Iraq

WRKY Gene Silencing Enhances Tolerance to Salt Stress in Transgenic Tomato

Article in Press

WRKY proteins are superfamily of transcription factors, which are up or down-regulated in response to biotic and abiotic stress though limited study has conducted on transcriptional repression of tomato WRKY genes to salt stress. Thus, this study was conducted on three transgenic tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L. cv. Moneymaker) T1 generation plants carrying RNAi constructs for WRKY5, WRKY12, and WRKY13 to identify WRKYs...

Author(s):Mengistu Wubie Birhanu

Evaluating of Yield and Yield Related Performance of Drought and Striga Tolerant Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L.) Genotypes in Northwestern Tigray

Article in Press

Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L) is the major staple and principal food crop cultivated widely in lowland areas of Ethiopia. Drought and Striga are the major abiotic and biotic constraints to sorghum production and productivity in Ethiopia specifically in the testing sites. The adaptation of sorghum to a wide range of environmental conditions has led to the evolution and existence of extensive genetic variation for drought and...

Author(s):Hailegebrial K.,Yirgalem T., Weledegerima G., Redae W., Alem R., & Eyasu A.

EVALUATION OF PROTEIN QUALITY OF A COMPLEMENTARY FOOD PRODUCED FROM WALNUT AND FERMENTED MAIZE FLOUR

Article in Press

This work aimed at formulating and evaluating the amino acids profile and protein quality of African walnut based complementary food using animal bio-assay. African walnut and maize grains (Zea mays) were processed separately into flour and formulated into blends containing 25 to 45% African walnuts. The most preferred blends were evaluated for protein efficiency ratio (PER), biological valve (BV), net protein utilization...

Author(s):Osunbade, OA, Adejuyitan, JA and Adewole, SA

BIOINFORMÁTICS ANALYSIS OF THE MOLECULAR INTERACTION BETWEEN VITAMIN C AND THE FIBRIN STABILIZING FACTOR (FACTOR XIII)

Article in Press

Vitamin C in the human body acts as one of the main antioxidant agents, besides acting as cofactor for several types of enzymes. Since the 1980s, ascorbic acid has been used by healthcare professionals to maintain the permeability of central catheters in a hospital environment. Blood coagulation aims at hemostasis, where the clot obtains rigidity in the presence of the fibrin stabilizing factor (FXIII), which is activated...

Author(s):Otávio Cardoso-Filho; Isabela Barbosa Cruz; Diego dos Santos Silva; Eloá Mangabeira; Paulo Henrique Tolentino Moura; Daniela Fernanda de Freitas; Demerson Arruda Sanglard; Tadeu Nunes Martins

Evaluation of Field Pea (Pisum sativum L.) Genotypes for Yield and Yield Attributing Traits at High land of Arsi, South East Ethiopia

Article in Press

The field experiment was conducted in 2018/19 main cropping season at two locations using simple lattice design to evaluate 49 field pea genotypes including nine released varieties for generating information on genotypic and phenotypic coefficient of variation, heritability and expected genetic advance for yield ad yield attributing traits. The genotypic (GCV) and phenotypic (PCV) coefficient of variation (GCV) ranged from...

Author(s):Kedir Yimam, Aliyi Robsa, Gizachew Yilma and Temesgen Abo

Epidemiology and Mobilization of Arsenic in India: Embark on Bioremediation

Article in Press

Arsenic (As) is foremost renowned threat for environment and societal well-being. Arsenic concentration is expanding at a disturbing rate in several countries. In nature, arsenic is present in combined state with metal ores and gets separated when anaerobic condition develops under the ground. People of affected regions are obliged to use arsenic contaminated water. Continuous use of As contaminated water causes cancer,...

Author(s):Ankur Bhardwaj, Rakesh Kumar Sharma, Gajendra B. Singh

In Vitro Antiproliferative Effects of Gold Nanoparticles Coated with Dermaseptin B2 Protein Against Prostate and Breast Cancer Cells.

Article in Press

DrsB2 is an antimicrobial peptide with antiproliferative activity obtained from South American frog species Phyllomedusa bicolor. In the present study, Gold Nanoparticles were coated with DrsB2 peptide and the resulting DrsB2-AuNPs characterized using UV-Visible spectra. In vitro studies of the DrsB2-AuNPs utilized three cell lines; DU145 (prostate), HCC1395 (breast) and the vero cell line (control). These cell lines were...

Author(s):Mark M. Ndubi, Fred Wamunyokoli, and Dickson M. Andala.

Quantitative Determination of Antibiotics in Aqueous Samples from Rivers, Mindu Dam and Mafisa Wastewater Treatment Plant Located in Morogoro Municipality, Tanzania

Article in Press

The anthropogenic load of antibiotics in Morogoro Municipality water bodies was estimated using the ELISA technique. Commercially available enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) kits that are commonly used for detection of tetracyclines, sulfonamides and quinolones residues in meat, milk, eggs and honey were adopted for analysis of these antibiotics in surface waters. Thirty three sampling points were selected,...

Author(s):Ally M.HS, Dalsgaards A, Mdegela RH

“IMPROVING TRADITIONALLY FERMENTED AFRICAN FOODS THROUGH BIOTECHNOLOGY”- Need to translate art to science

Article in Press

Africa has a lot of fermented foods which need to be further developed for improved nutrition. Many authors have documented interesting articles and reviews on fermented foods from different parts of the world. The climate in many African countries favours short-term storage of fresh foods. Storage facilities are inappropriate and the supply of light energy is irregular. This suggests that fermentation might serve as an...

Author(s):Philippa Chinyere Ojimelukwe

Role of dietary practices in onset of type 2 diabetes and intervention amongst female population

Article in Press

This research aimed to study the effects of dietary intervention on body weight and glycemic control among females having type 2 diabetes, find the behavioral health issues related to the disease, change the wrong dietary practices carried out by the patients for the purpose of nutrition intervention, and exhibit the change if any, in the form of their biochemical parameters. Here, a retrospective case control study was...

Author(s):Salma Mazhar

Characterization of crude invertase extracted from Aspergillus species CSA 35

Article in Press

The enzyme invertase is very useful, especially in food industries. Invertase hydrolyzes the disaccharide sucrose into two monosaccharides, glucose and fructose. Invertase was extracted from Aspergillus sp. CSA35, and studied using spectrophotometric methods for enzyme kinetics and determination of other factors affecting enzyme activities such as salt tolerance, pH, temperature and substrate specificity. The invertase...

Author(s): Ohwofasa Aghogho¹, Aliyu Abubakar Aliyu¹, Enoch Kwaku Larrey¹ and Ogbodu Ogaga Daniel²

Testing of aqueous extracts of Pistacia lentiscus L. and Zizyphus lotus L. on the development cycle of Thaumetopoea pityocampa Schiff in Bordj Bounaâma

Article in Press

The evaluation of the insecticidal effect of plants presents one of the approaches to the enhancement of phylogenetic heritage and an alternative to the use of chemical insecticides while preserving the environment. The insecticidal effect of the 2 plants Pistacia lentiscus and Zizyphus lotus naturally grown in Algeria was tested on the pine processionary larvae Thaumetopoea pityocampa. The aqueous extracts of the fresh...

Author(s):Rabie Fatma, Chebouti-Meziou Najiba, Guendouz-Benrima Atika

Obtainment of Fermentable Sugars from Rice Husks by Enzymatic and Acid Hydrolysis

Article in Press

The use of lignocellulosic biomass for obtaining biofuels and other based on microbial fermentation is a promising approach. Rice (Oryza sativa L.) has worldwide importance, being its husks one of the most abundant agricultural wastes of the world. Because it abundance and low cost, rice husks may be promising prime matter for fermentative processes. The aim of this research work was to evaluate the hydrolysis of Rice...

Author(s):Andréia da Silva Alencar, Joselma Pedrosa da Silva, Pedro Aurélio Costa Lima Pequeno, Ítalo Thiago Silveira Rocha Matos, Ana Paula Folmer Correa, Marcos José Salgado Vital, Adriana Flach

Fertilization vitality of Boer goat in vivo liquid semen uses basic diluent of coconut water (Cocosnucifera L.) after cooling

Article in Press

The purpose of this study is to prove the fertilization vitality in vivo through artificial insemination method in female goats. This study using a Randomized Block Design (2 treatments, 15 replications) and the semen was collected from 3.5 yeas old male Boer goat and injected into 30 female Etawah (PE) goats with following experiment variables. The experiment variables were semen diluent factors, P0 (control): Tris...

Author(s):Muhammad Ade SALIM, Muhammad Nur IHSAN, Aulia Puspita Anugra YEKTI, and Trinil SUSILAWATI

Development and evaluation of organic silicon nanoparticles

Article in Press

Skin is an important component of outer beauty; it is the focus of many surgical and non- surgical procedures. Skin changes associated with intrinsic or extrinsic aging, such as wrinkles, sagging and pigmentation changes, can cause people to look for cosmetic procedures to improve the appearance of their skin. Studies demonstrate the importance of organic silicon in the production of type I collagen. The present work aimed...

Author(s):Rosana Letícia da Rosaa Luana Serbaia Robson Schimandeiro Novaka Patrícia Mathias Doll Boscardina Josiane de Fátima Padilha de Paulaa

CHARACTERIZATION OF FATTY ACID COMPOSITIONS EXTRACTED FROM Lates calcarifer (ASIAN SEABASS) BYPRODUCTS (HEAD, LIVER AND INTESTINE)

Article in Press

Malaysian Lates calcarifer (Asian seabass) is readily adapted to the freshwater environment and is suggested to have different long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids biosynthetic activities compared with other marine fish and yet to be determined. Additionally, fatty acid profiling of L. calcarifer byproducts are not yet studied. Hence, in this study, fatty acid compositions of L. calcarifer byproducts (head, liver and...

Author(s):Yu-Bin CHAN, Yoke-Leng SIM and Chaiw-Yee TEOH

Microbial and Biochemical Changes Occurring During Production of Njemani, a Traditional Zimbabwean Beverage.

Article in Press

Njemani is a type of traditional palm wine produced in the Shangaan tribe of Zimbabwe and plays an important role in many traditional functions and ceremonies. The wine is consumed in a variety of flavors from sweet to sweet-sour and vinegary. The main aim of the research work was to identify, analyze the biochemical and microbial changes that occur during production and documenting the whole procedure of Njemani...

Author(s):Sadza Beverly and Parawira Wilson . Sadza Beverly

Evaluation of Genetic Diversity in Iranian Rice (Oryza Sativa L.) Cultivars for Resistance to Blast Disease Using Microsatellite (SSR) Markers

Article in Press

Rice plays an important role in feeding the world’s population, especially the people who live in developing countries. More than 90 percent of world’s rice is produced and consumed in Asia. Blast disease caused by Magnaporthe Oryzae is one of the most important diseases of rice in the world. This study evaluated the Power of 10 blast-specific SSR markers in determination of genetic diversity among 30 cultivars of Indica...

Author(s):Farzaneh Farahzadi Asa Ebrahimi. Vahid Zarrinnia. Reza Azizinezhad

Light spectrum and nutsedge (Cyperus rotundus L.) extract in photomorphogenesis and water consumption by pomegranate cuttings and microclimatic changes

Article in Press

The purpose of this study was asses the influence of light spectrum and phytohormones variations on photomorphogenesis and water consumption by pomegranate cuttings and environmental microclimate changes. The research was carried out from August to November of 2018, on a completely randomized design, in a 4x4 factorial scheme, and with three replications. Four phytohormones concentrations (0, 25, 50, and 100%) and four...

Author(s):João Paulo da Silva, Rener Luciano de Souza Ferraz, Alexandre Eugênio da Silva, Patrícia da Silva Costa, Pedro Roberto Almeida Viégas, Antonio Manoel da Silva Filho, Mario Sergio de Araujo, Alberto Soares de Melo, Kaline de Souza Meira, Aldair de Souza Medeiros, Ivomberg Dourado Magalhães

Aquaponics Evaluation as an Alternative of Sustainable Criation of Nile Tilapia and Rational Use of Water in Production of Leafy Vegetables

Article in Press

An aquaponic system was built on a pilot scale at the Federal University of Grande Dourados, aimed at the sustainable production of Nile Tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) with intensive recirculation of water, together with the production of leafy vegetables. The aim of this research was to evaluate an aquaponics system as an alternative for sustainable production and rational use of water in agriculture. A greenhouse with a...

Author(s):Gomes Filho Raimundo Rodrigues, RODRIGO COUTO SANTOS, CLAUDINEI MARTINS GUIMARÃES, CLAYTON MOURA DE CARVALHO, MANOEL VALNIR JUNIOR, SILVIO CARLOS RIBEIRO VIEIRA LIMA.

Effects of Eucalyptus urograndis essential oil and humic acids on root architecture of Stylosanthes guianensis seedlings

Article in Press

Stylosanthes is a genus of Leguminosae family present in south America, employed as fodder, cover pasture and in recovering degraded soils. Chemical fertilization and mycorrhization were recently adopted to increase Stylosanthes spp. performances and resistance to abiotic stresses but there are no studies evaluating use of humic acids and essential oils. This preliminary work, carried on in greenhouse growing Stylosanthes...

Author(s):André Luiz Paier Barroso; Marco Pittarello; Alberto Chambela Neto; Jader Galba Busato; Jefferson Luiz Antunes Santos; Leonardo Barros Dobbss

Control of ginseng leaf black spot disease by endophytic fungi

Article in Press

Ginseng plants associated with a number of fungi, several of which are proported to protect it from pathogens, thus improving plant growth. This study aimed to screen Panax ginseng leaves for endophytic fungi, and to assess these fungi for their efficacy to inhibit ginseng black spot disease caused by Alternaria panax. A total of 256 endophytic fungal isolates were obtained from P. ginseng leaves. Most of the fungal...

Author(s):Chunyuan Zhou, Shiquan Xu, Xiangmin Piao, Meixia Yan, Lili Cui, Yingping Wang

Agar affects the efficient invitro regeneration in tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.)

Article in Press

Establishment of an efficient tissue culture protocol is an essential prerequisite in harnessing the advantage of cell and tissue culture for genetic improvement. The present study deals with the effect of desiccation created in the culture media i.e. in MS media supplemented with BAP (2.0 mgl-1) and kin (1.0 mgl-1) by increasing the concentrations of agar (0.8, 1.2, 1.6 and 2.0 percent). The observations were recorded on...

Author(s):RUMA DEVI, MS Dhaliwal and SS Gosal

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