International Journal of
Water Resources and Environmental Engineering

  • Abbreviation: Int. J. Water Res. Environ. Eng.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-6613
  • DOI: 10.5897/IJWREE
  • Start Year: 2009

IJWREE Articles in press

Article in Press

Evaluating the water use efficiency under full and deficit irrigation; the case of sesame crop (Sesumum I.) in Woreda Kafta-Humera, Tigrai-Ethiopia.

Sesame (Sesumum I.) crop is one of the cash crops exported from Ethiopia to Europe and Asia that contributed to the country GDP. The main objective of this study was to evaluate the water use efficiency (WUE) under full and deficit irrigated sesame crop in wereda Kafta-Humera, Tigrai-Ethiopia. Sesame crop production was particularly related to the summer (Kiremt rainfall). But due to a variation in rainfall distribution in...

Author(s):Ataklti Gezae

Article in Press

Tannery Wastewater Treatment Using Two-Stage Anaerobic Sequence Batch Reactor (ASBR) at Mesophilic and Thermophilic Phase.

Industrialization has resulted in the formation of huge amount waste products, which are released into the environment in the form of wastewater leading to environmental pollution and deterioration. Tannery effluent is among one of the hazardous pollutants of industry. Most of the leather industries in Ethiopia discharge their effluent partially or without any treatment to the nearby water bodies. This creates a serious...

Author(s):Messay Emana

Article in Press

Assessment of Water Resources Management and Past Works on Water Points Development in Borana Rangelands, Southern Oromia, Ethiopia

This paper focus on assessment of water resources management and past works on water points development in pastoral area of southern Ethiopia. Five districts were selected purposively for this study. PRA and Semi-structured interview has been employed as a tool to gather information. Types of water source available and their trends of use, watering methods of livestock, water management of the community, the introduction...

Author(s):Demisachew Tadele

Article in Press

Evaluating the Economic Water Productivity under full and deficit irrigation; the case of sesame crop (Sesumum indicum L.) in woreda Kafta-Humera, Tigrai-Ethiopia

Sesame crop (Sesumum indicum L.) is one of the cash crops exported from Ethiopia that contributed to the country GDP (gross domestic product). The main objective of this study was to evaluate the economic water productivity (EWP) under full and deficit irrigated sesame crop in wereda Kafta-Humera, Tigrai-Ethiopia. Sesame crop production was particularly related to the summer (Kiremt rainfall). But due to a variation in...

Author(s):ATAKLTI GEZAE TEWELDE

Article in Press

Hydraulic Performance Assessment of Mychew Small Scale Irrigation Scheme, North Ethiopia

Assessment of irrigation performances is very essential in taking different water management strategies. However, the performance of Mychew irrigation scheme was not assessed yet and hence, this research was undertaken to assess the hydraulic performance of Mychew small scale irrigation scheme. Moreover, identification of the cause and effect for mal-functionality of irrigation structures was also another objective of this...

Author(s):Efriem Tariku Kassa

Article in Press

Influence of bed roughness on near-bed turbulent flow characteristics

Influence of bed roughness on near-bed flow characteristics is of considerable importance, especially in turbulent flows over rough beds. This experimental study is devoted to insight various turbulent flow characteristics such as velocity distributions, Reynolds shear stresses (RSS) and velocity power spectra at the groove, lee and crest level of carrier fluid in an immobile gravel bed stream. Uniform round shape...

Author(s):Ratul Das

Article in Press

ANNs, SVM and empirical methods for modelling reference evapotranspiration with limited climatic data in the city of Xai-Xai, Mozambique

Reference evapotranspiration (ETo) is useful for water management, calculating crop water requirements and irrigation scheduling. ETo was estimated from 5 empirical methods based on temperature, 5 based on solar radiation and on Machine Learning Technique (MLT). The MLT model consisted of Artificial Neural Networks (ANNs) and Support Vector Machine (SVM), with 6 architectures each one. The MLT and empirical methods were...

Author(s):Bartolomeu Félix Tangune Catine António Chimene, Inácio Cipriano and Titki Djoal Tarassoum

Article in Press

Evaluating Potential Impacts of Climate Change on Surface Water Availability of Upper Awash Sub-Basin, Ethiopia

Climate change alters regional hydrologic conditions and results in a variety of impacts on water resource systems. Such hydrologic changes will affect almost every aspect of human well-being. The economy of Ethiopia mainly depends on agriculture; and this in turn largely depends on available water resources. The aim of this study is to assess the impacts of climate change on surface water availability of Upper Awash River...

Author(s):Mekonnen H. Daba, Kassa Tadele, Andualem Shimelis, Assefa M. Melesse

Article in Press

Efficiency of empirical methods for reference evapotranspiration estimation in the district of Vilankulo, Mozambique

Precise quantification of reference evapotranspiration (ETo) is crucial for calculating crop water demand. Eight empirical methods based on temperature and six on solar radiation were evaluated against Penman-Monteith FAO 56 method based on: Mean Bias Error (MBE), Root Mean Square Error (RMSE), Willmott coefficient (“d”), determination coefficient (R2) and the Student’s t-test. The meteorological data of Vilankulo district...

Author(s):Bartolomeu Félix Tangune and Catine António Chimene

Article in Press

Determination of crop evapotranspiration, single and dual crop coefficients for Calendula officinalis L. in an arid climate

Crop coefficients for Calendula officinalis L. have not been determined yet, although crop coefficients of many plants have been provided by the Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO). C. officinalis L. is a medicinal plant used for manufacturing skin and beauty medication products. This study aimed to determine crop evapotranspiration (ETc) and single and dual crop coefficients (Kc) for C. officinalis L., in the...

Author(s):Farideh S. Hasheminasab-khabisi, Mohammad Mousavi-Baygi and Bahram Bakhtiari

Article in Press

Surface water distribution among the provinces of Pakistan

The water resources sector is both the lifeline and the gear of development in Pakistan. The main source of water in Pakistan is the ‘Indus River System’. Under the ‘1960 Indus Basin Treaty’ with India, Pakistan was entitled to the flow of three western rivers (Indus, Jhelum and Chenab), with occasional spills from the eastern Rivers Sutlej and Ravi diverted upstream by India. The average annual inflows of the western and...

Author(s):Shaukat Ali Khan, Qazi Tallat M. Siddiqui and Abdul Hannan

Article in Press

Rural water supply sources, systems and systems performance in Nigeria

Access to potable water in rural communities in Nigeria is failing rather than rising. In this context, this paper investigates the landscape of rural water supply in Nigeria using reliable data collected across the six geo-political zones in the country. The data used were obtained through questionnaire surveys, field observations and from records in the national and states agencies responsible for public water supplies....

Author(s):Obeta Michael Chukwuma

Article in Press

Ground water potential mapping for Suryanagara Watershed, Bangalore District, Karnataka State, India

The present work is an attempt to geographic information system (GIS)-based analysis in ground water potential zone identification in hard rock terrains. It is necessary to understand different types of landforms and their characteristics, igneous rock types, geological structures and how they evolved with respect to each other .hydrological characteristics and slope in order to demonstrate the integrated remote sensing...

Author(s):Nanjundi P., Chalapathi K. and Inayathulla M.

Article in Press

Mapping conductive zones using very low frequency electromagnetic (VLF-EM) method around Capitol Landfill Dumpsite in Benin City, Nigeria

In this paper the main results from the implementation and interpretation of the geophysical survey using very low frequency electromagnetic (VLF-EM) method carried out in Capitol solid waste disposal site (Southern Nigeria) are presented. The objective of the study was to monitor the effect of suspected leachate contamination in Capitol solid waste disposal site. The survey comprised ten VLF-EM traverses in North-South...

Author(s):I. Ikhifa, M. N. Umego and G. N. Egwuonwu

Article in Press

Surface water quality assessment of Guangua Badiya and Chelenka Rivers for irrigation purposes in Abaya district, Borena zone, Ethiopia

Water in agricultural activities is important for satisfying increasing food demands of the ever-increasing population through irrigation practices which was considered as the main alternative for a sustainable agricultural production. A good quality of surface water has a positive effect on soil and agriculture. However, before using surface water for agricultural purpose, its quality should be tested and analyzed to...

Author(s):Temesgen Kebede and Yonas Ademe

Article in Press

Kullu hydro clustor development in Himachal Pradesh: A vibrant development platform

Small hydro project development activity started in the hilly state in 1900's during the British Raj, while the Ruler Kings were responsible for wellbeing of their small kingdom. The young king of Chamba (HH Bhuri Singh) while returning from overseas study in UK returned with a hydro turbine of 630 KW for the hydroelectric power station. The transport facility and other disadvantages could not stop his entrepreneurial zeal...

Author(s):H. S. Rauth, S. Mukhopadhyaya and M. Gupta

Article in Press

The removal of benzene toluene, ethyl benzene and p-xylene (BTEX) from aqueous solution by granular activated carbon

The removal of benzene toluene, ethyl benzene and p-Xylene (BTEX) from aqueous solution using granular activated carbon (GAC) was investigated in the study. To determine the efficiency of GAC, the removal of BTEX by GAC was carried out in relation to contact time, adsorption dosage and pH. Comparative studies of batch and column setup and adsorption/desorption were done to determine its efficiency in respect to its...

Author(s):Juliet, O. Ikem

Article in Press

Quantification of water balance using a lysimeter in Mexico

Under conditions of high pressure on water resources, it is essential to quantify the water balance. There are tools to perform the water balance, but unfortunately, they are expensive and hardly accessible in developing countries. The objective of this study was to quantify the water balance using a low-cost lysimeter (LCL). Rainfall was measured using rain gauge. Soil water content (SWC) and infiltration were measured...

Author(s):Hipólito Muñoz-Nava, José Adrián René Grada-Yautentzi, Jorge Batlle-Sales, Elizabeth García-Gallegos and Rafael Valencia-Quintana

Article in Press

Water supply and demand analysis for Chuko Town, Sidama Zone, Southern Nations Nationalities People Regional State (SNNPR), Ethiopia

The provision of adequate and good water quality in developing country is a major concern due to urbanization and rapid population growth. The study town Chuko is facing the problem of inadequate water supply and poor quality. The study was conducted with the objective to assess the information gap on the water supply and demand. To see the gap between supply and demand, basically population growth estimation and water...

Author(s):Abiy Getachew

Article in Press

Mathematical expression for the parameters affecting electromagnetic removal of suspended solids from wastewater

In this research the effect of the electromagnetic field on the efficiency of the removal of the suspended solids from wastewater resulting from the biological treatment in Al-Rustamia treatment plant (Baghdad/ Iraq) was studied. Different parameters (flow rate, contact time, exposure distance, pH, temperature and electromagnetic field) were investigated that have an impact on the removal efficiency of the suspended solids...

Author(s):Hayder Mohamed Abdul-Hameed and Safa Hameed Fadhil

Article in Press

Spatially distributed mapping of rainfall and evapotranspiration across Southeastern Nigeria

Spatial trends of rainfall and reference evapotranspiration (ETo) are crucial for crop water management and sustainable water resources management. Twenty-one years of climatic data were used to estimate ETo using FAO Penman Monteith method in Southeast Nigeria. Two spatial interpolation techniques, inverse distance weighting (IDW) and Kriging (K) in ArcGis were employed to distribute spatial monthly annual and seasonal...

Author(s):Michael Emeka Okechukwu and Constantine Crowner Mbajiorgu

Article in Press

Floodplain delineation in Dongola City-Northern Sudan using digital elevation model

Better understanding of the flood hazard phenomenon and its potential consequences in our society is crucial for the development of flood control polices, risk reduction projects, and other types of flood management strategies. This study focuses on how two different ArcHydro models used to predict the floodplain extent and assess the vulnerability of Dongola city that may affect the estimation of potential flood damage....

Author(s):S. M. Elnour, M. Y. Mohamed and T. S. Ganawa

Article in Press

Hydrological model performance across altitudes, climates and catchment scales

Water resources management decisions are made based on information from predictive models that are capable of simulating the behaviour of hydrological systems. More of these models are in use today and it is becoming increasingly difficult to choose which model to use for particular space and time scales as well as climate. In addition, as a result of climate change there is an increase in the degree of randomness in...

Author(s):Hesbon Otieno

Article in Press

Suitability of silica sand from Bukkuyum (Zamfara State) of Nigeria for waste water treatment

Industrial sand is used in filtration of drinking water, processing of wastewater and production of water from wells. Uniform grain shapes and grain size distributions produce efficient filtration bed operation to remove contaminants in both potable water and wastewater. This paper is aimed at finding out the suitability of silica sand from Bukkuyum Local Government Area of Zamfara State of Nigeria, as filtration sand for...

Author(s):A. G. Salisu, J. Saudatu and M. S. Rukaiyat

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