Journal of
Medicinal Plants Research

  • Abbreviation: J. Med. Plants Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0875
  • DOI: 10.5897/JMPR
  • Start Year: 2007

JMPR Articles in press

ANALGESIC AND ANTI-INFLAMMATORY PROPERTIES OF AQUEOUS EXTRACT FROM THE STEM BARK OF Piptadeniastrum Africanum (MIMOSACEAE) IN MICE AND RATS

Article in Press

The stem bark of Piptadeniastrum africanum (Hook. F.) (syn. Piptadenia Africana) Brenan (Mimosaceae) is used in Cameroonian and Gabonese folk medicine for the relief of some painful sicknesses. This study was intended to evaluate the analgesic and anti-inflammatory activities of the aqueous extract of P. africanum. The analgesic investigations were carried out against acute noxious stimuli, that are chemical (acetic...

Author(s):MARIUS MBIANTCHA

Ethno Botanical Perspective of Medicinal Plants in Mulkhow Valley District Upper Chitral, Pakistan

Article in Press

This paper demonstrates the ethnobotanical perspectives of medicinal plant in Mulkhow valley, district Chitral. The main aim of this research work was to gather information to document the medicinal uses of plants in Mulkhow valley. The results of ethnobotanical perspective contain quantitative information of medicinal plants used by indigenous people in Mulkhow valley. The current study conducted between 2015 – 2016...

Author(s):ZAHOOR UL HAQ

Ethnobotanical Study of Selected Medicinal Plants used against Bacterial infections in Nandi conty, Kenya

Article in Press

Globally, medicinal plants have been used to treat different human ailments from time immemorial. In Kenya, various plants are used by local people in the treatment of various diseases.This is a common practice in Nandi county due to scarce health facilities in the region, traditional beliefs, cultural barriers and availability of medicinal plants. The objective of this study was to carry out an ethnobotanical survey to...

Author(s):Philip A. Ogutu, Charles Mutai

Assessment of Total Content of Secondary Metabolites, In Vitro Free Radical Scavenging Potential and peroxide value on Different Solvent Extracts of Rumex abyssinicus Jacq. Root

Article in Press

Medicinal plants have bioactive compounds which are used for curing of various human diseases and also play an important role in healing. Phytochemicals have two categories. These are primary and secondary constituents. Primary constituents have chlorophyll, proteins sugar and amino acids. Secondary constituents contains like terpenoids, flavonoids, saponins, tannins, alkaloids, glycosides and phenols. Secondary...

Author(s):Limenew Abate

Antibacterial and Antioxidant Compounds from the Tubers Extracts of Plectranthus edulis

Article in Press

P. edulis is an indigenous plant which has been cultivated for its edible tuber. It is claimed to have antibacterial activity. But this was not supported by scientific investigation. Hence this work explores the antibacterial and antioxidant activities of extracts and isolated compounds from the tuber of P. edulis. The effects of the extracts and isolated compounds of tubers of P. edulis were evaluated against S. aureus,...

Author(s):Yadessa Melaku, Tolessa Duguma

Ethno botanical study of medicinal plants used to treat human disease in and around Ambo town, Western Ethiopia a

Article in Press

Ethiopia has numerous plants that can be used as sources of medicine for those who cannot access modern health care. This study was conducted to document the indigenous knowledge and medicinal plants in and around Ambo town. The study was carried out from April to August 2018. A total of 49 participants were selected randomly from the representative kebeles. Twenty two medicinal plants were collected and documented based...

Author(s):Tilahun Tolossa, Adelegn Bogale

Antibacterial, cytotoxic and antioxidant activities of Boscia Senegalensis and Tapinanthus dodoneifolius

Article in Press

Boscia senegalensis and Tapinanthus dodoneifolius are two plants mostly used by herders to treat animal diseases in the Far North Region of Cameroon. To evaluate the in vitro antibacterial, cytotoxic and antioxidant potentials of these plants. To achieve this, five extracts (water, methanol, chloroform and hexane) of both plants obtained by successive fractionation were used. Antibacterial activities of the different...

Author(s):Ronald Romuald B. Vougat Ngom, Ziebe Roland, Rebecca B. Garabed, Foyet Harquin Simplice

ETHNO-MEDICINAL STUDY OF PLANTS USED FOR TREATMENT OF HUMAN AND LIVESTOCK AILMENTS BY TRADITIONAL HEALERS IN GOBA WOREDA, BALE ZONE, OROMIA, ETHIOPIA

Article in Press

ABSTRACT The investigation of traditional medicinal plants was performed in Bale district from August to October 2018 in three kebeles Kedu, Elasa and Aloshe Tilo. In the study area diverse medicinal plant were used to treat many human and livestock disease. The data were collected from the informants through semi-structured interview, discussion and collected plant samples from the study areas that were used to treat...

Author(s):HABTAMU TEDILA MENGISTU

Acute and Sub-acute toxicity studies of the ethanolic stem and root extract of Aristolochia ringens (vahl) and Securidaca longepedunculata fresens in rats.

Article in Press

Aristolochia ringens (Vahl) and Securidaca longepedunculata Fresens are used in traditional African medicine for the treatment of arthritis, diarrhoea, asthma, snakebites and skin rashes. This present study examines the acute and sub-acute toxicity effects of these plants in rats. The animals (5 per group) were treated daily with the extract at doses of 100, 250, 500 mg/kg orally for 28 days. Control group received...

Author(s):Adedotun Adekunle and Adewale Lawal

Large cardamom (A. subulatum Roxb) is perhaps among the oldest spices to be known for mankind which is one livelihood option for mountain inhabitants

Article in Press

Large cardamom (Amomum. subulatum Roxb) commonly known as a badi elaichi, is a tall, perennial, evergreen, herbaceous monocot plant. Large cardamom is well known spice, which has medicinal value. The present study has been designed to explore the base line morphological characteristics, chemo-profile, to raise superior quality planting materials through micro propagation and large cardamom farming as an appropriate...

Author(s): ARVIND K BHANDARI

An Ethnobotanical Study of Traditionally Used Medicinal Plants for Treatment of Human Diseases in Goba District of Bale Zone, Southeast Ethiopia

Article in Press

An ethnobotanical study of traditionally used medicinal plants to trat human disease was conducted in Goba District of Bale Zone, Ethiopia. Information was gathered from 60 informants using semi-structured interview. For data collection the site and the informants were selected purposivelly. During the study, a total of 42 medicinal plant speceis belonging to 24 families were recorded. The family Euphorbiaceae has four...

Author(s):SEBSIBE AYALEW

Effect of dosage of methanol and omidun extracts of root of V. paradoxa on hematological parameters of diarrhea-induced Albino rats

Article in Press

Investigation was carried out on the effects of 50mg/mL and 100mg/mL concentration of methanol and omidun extracts of root of V. paradoxa on hematological parameters of diarrhea induced albino rats. A total of 5 test organisms ((Shigella dysenteriae, Salmonella typhi, Escherichia coli ATCC 25922,Enteropathogenic Escherichia coli ‘EPEC ATCC 43887’, Enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli ‘EHEC ATCC 43889’) associated...

Author(s):Falana M. B

Effects of aqueous mango leaf (Magnifera indica) on alloxan-induced diabetes in albino rats “Rattus rattus”

Article in Press

Studies on the medicinal (hypoglycemic) potential of Magnifera indica (M. indica) have been documented. However, little may still be known about the dose level and the effects it may have on haematocrit, liver enzymes and body weight of a diabetic individual. The present study was designed to investigate the hypoglycemic effect of aqueous M. indica leaves extract on alloxan-induced diabetes in albino rats Rattus rattus....

Author(s):Andong

The Effect of Chloroform Extract of Chasmenthera dependens Roots on some Liver marker enzymes on Carbon Tetrachloride (Ccl4) Induced Hepatotoxicity in Wistar Albino Rats.

Article in Press

This study evaluated the phytoconstituents of the chloroform extract of Chasmenthera dependens (C. dependens) roots and the effect of the extract on the liver serum/homogenate enzyme activities of carbon Tetrachloride Induced hepatoxicity in Wistar Albino Rats. Twenty-four (24) female albino rats were used for this study and were divided into groups of four rats each: Groups I rats were normal control. Hepatotoxicity was...

Author(s):CHIOMA ASSUMPTA ANOSIKE, JUSTUS NMADUKA NWACHUKWU, CHINEDU SAMUEL OGBOZOR, CHIDI AUGUSTINE MADUEKEU

A Review of the Ethnomedicinal uses of pteridophytes for treating various human ailments in India

Article in Press

Pteridophytes present significant evolutionary innovations such as development of true conducting system with xylem and phloem and dominant saprophytic phase. Pteridophytes are frequently used as ornamental plants because of the green long lasting large foliage and sturdy plant forms. They are being used as bio-indicators for pollution, phytoremediators, and some used as bio-fertilizers. During the invasion of land...

Author(s):Uniyal

Sub-chronic toxicity studies on the methanol stem bark extract of Uapaca togoensis (pax) in adult Wistar Rats

Article in Press

The stem bark and leaves of Uapaca togoensis has been used in traditional medicine to treat fever, epilepsy, rheumatism, vomiting and fatigue. The present study was designed to evaluate the acute and sub-chronic toxicity profile of the methanol stem bark extract of Uapaca togoensis as there are no reported toxicological studies on the plant. Preliminary phytochemical screening revealed the presence of alkaloids, steroids,...

Author(s):AMINA BUSOLA OLORUKOOBA, BEN AHMED CHINDO and JANE I EJIOFOR

Quantification of bioactive compounds in Leucas biflora through high performance liquid chromatography

Article in Press

L. biflora (Vahl) R. Br. is ethnobotanically considered as cancer plant. It is arare medicinal plant. It is applied for the treatment of conjunctivitis, nasal bleeding, white discharge etc. For the medicinal property identification and quantitation of the bioactive compounds in this plant not been reported previously. Therefore, high performance liquid chromatography fingerprinting profile has been reported till date....

Author(s):Pal

Ethno-Botanical Study on the use and knowledge of medicinal plants at three kebeles of Fedis district of Oromiya regional state; adjacent to the Babile Elephant Sanctuary, Eastern Ethiopia.

Article in Press

This study was carried out to collect and document indigenous knowledge on medicinal plants among the traditional healers of Fedis district of Oromiya regional state, East Ethiopia. The ethnobotanical data were collected from 36 traditional healers (24 male and 12 female) using semi-structured questionnaire, observation and guided field walks. The survey identified 64 medicinal plants distributed into 39 families and 59...

Author(s):AMBERBIR ABEBE

Determination of the total phenolic content and spectral study of the herbal drug, Chromolona odorata Linn by spectrophotometric method

Article in Press

Chromolaena odorata is a medicinal plant that is widely used in folk medicine many Nigerian communities for treatment of several ailments and diseases. In particular, local formulations of the herbal plant are used to treat wounds, burns and skin infections. The plant extracts have also shown anticancer, antidiabetic, hepaprotective, anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial and antioxidant properties. The aim of the study was to...

Author(s):Nworie

Evaluation of the wound healing properties of methanolic bark extract of Samadera indica Gaertner in vivo

Article in Press

In the present study, bark samples of Samadera indica were collected, allowed to shade dry for a week, then coarsely powdered and was extracted with methanol by soxhlation process. The extract was used for wound healing experiment. In the wound healing study using excision wound model, 18 healthy Albino rats of four each with average body weight of 150-200 g was selected randomly for the study, which will be divided into...

Author(s):Rama Bhat, P.

OPTIMIZATION OF EXTRACTION, CHEMICAL CHARACTERIZATION AND ANTIMICROBIAL ACTIVITY OF ESSENTIAL OIL FROM BLACK CUMIN ( NIGELLA SATIVA L.) SEEDS BY USING CLEVENGER DISTILLATION

Article in Press

Essential oils are secondary metabolities that are highly concentrated substances extracted from flowers, leaves, stems, roots, seeds, barks, resins, or fruit rinds. Essential oils have been recognized as some of the most promising compounds in the development of novel products particularly in the pharmaceutical, agricultural, food and perfumery industries. Black cumin (Nigella sativa L.) belonging to family Rannunculaceae...

Author(s):Demis

An Evaluation of the antioxidant and antimicrobial activities of Allium ampeloprasum var Iranicum, Echinophora platyloba L and Pistacia atlantica kurdica

Article in Press

The main aims of this study have been finding out the antioxidant and antimicrobial activities and preliminary phytochemical screening of three traditional plants of Iran namely, Allium ampeloprasum var. iranicum, Echinophora platyloba L and Pistacia atlantica kurdica were studied. In this experimental study, the maceration technique was used to prepare alcoholic extract. The effect of extract was analyzed based on disk...

Author(s):Avin Aghemiri, Asrin Aghemiri and Alireza Massiha

Ethnomedicinal importance of Gandrayan (Angelica glauca Edgew.) in the North-Western Indian Himalayan Region

Article in Press

Gandrayan (Angelica glauca Edgew., Family Apiaceae) is a high value medicinal herb and it is native and endemic to the Indian Himalayan Region. Its aromatic roots are used as spice and beside this the industrial demand of its essential oil is increasing for modern herbal medicines and aromatherapy. The present study was carried out to document its ethno-medicinal importance among local inhabitants of three Indian Himalayan...

Author(s):J. S. Butola, R. K. Vashistha, C. P. Kuniyal, A. R. Malik, S. S. Koranga and M. S. Rawat

Antibacterial and antioxidant activities of different cultivars of Zingiber officinale Roscoe grown in Sikkim Himalaya

Article in Press

Antimicrobial and antioxidant properties of different solvent extracts of five cultivars of Zingiber officinale were investigated. Out of the test organisms, Staphylococcus aureus was found most susceptible to chloroform extract of majhauley cultivar (26±0.1mm), while there was no activity recorded against Escherichia coli. The highest total phenol and flavonoid contents were recorded in the chloroform extract of...

Author(s):Sushen Pradhan, Arvind Kumar Goyal , Shiva Kumar Sharma and Pratap J. Handique

An investigation on environmental factors affecting the distribution of medicinal plants in North East Iran

Article in Press

The objective of this research was to investigate the effect of environmental factors on distribution of medicinal plants in Chaharbagh rangelands in North East Iran. Sampling of vegetation was performed in quadrats positioned in the study area using a randomized-systematic method. Vegetation data including medicinal plants and their density were estimated quantitatively within each quadrat. The topographic conditions...

Author(s):Behmanesh, B , Heshmati, G. A. and Mahiny, A. S.

Antimicrobial potential of parasitic plant Cuscuta reflexa with Nerium oleander host plant successive extract against selected test microbes

Article in Press

Cuscuta reflexa is a parasitic plant having many medicinal properties and used as traditional medicine in Ayurveda for the treatment of various disorders. In the present research work, researchers have investigated antimicrobial ability of C. reflexa with Nerium oleander host plant successive extracts against selected human pathogenic bacteria. Escherichia coli (MTCC 730), Proteus vulgaris (MTCC 1771), Staphylococcus...

Author(s):Pooja Saini , Ekta Menghani and Rekha Mithal

Evaluation of the aqueous and methanolic fresh leaf extracts of Cnidoscolous aconitifolius for anxiolytic activity

Article in Press

Cnidoscolous aconitifolius promotes anxiolysis in humans. Fresh leaf extracts are claimed to possess greater anxiolytic activity as compared to dry leaf extracts. This study investigated the anxiety alleviating activity of two fresh leaf extracts {aqueous fresh leaf extract (AFLE) and methanolic fresh leaf extract (MFLE)} and a dry leaf extract {methanolic dry leaf extract (MFLE)} of C. acontifolius. Swiss albino mice...

Author(s):Adebiyi O. A. , Adebiyi O. O. and Adu T. S.

Effect of aqueous leaf extracts of Leptadenia hastata Pers (Decne) on spermiogram and testicular histology in albino rats (Wistar strain)

Article in Press

This study was designed to determine the effects of prolonged oral administration of aqueous leaf extract of Leptadenia hastata Pers (Decne) on sperm concentration, sperm motility and testicular histology in Wistar rats. Rats were given graded doses (200, 400, 600 and 800 mg kg-1) of aqueous leaf extract of L. hastata orally for 28 days. Weekly changes in sperm concentration and motility as well as testicular weight and...

Author(s):Victoria Adam Maina, Innocent Damudu Peter, Dauda Yahi, Umar Kyari Sandabe and Godwin Onyeamaechi Egwu

Isolation, characterization and biological activity of organic extractives from Calodendrum capense (L.f.) Thunb.(Rutaceae)

Article in Press

A novel prenylfuroquinoline alkaloid capensenin (1), an alkaloid confusameline (2), two furanocoumarins psolaren (3) and bergapten (4), were isolated from hexane and dichloromethane crude extracts of stem bark, leaves and fruit pericarp of Calodendrum capense. Limonin (5) was also isolated from the stem bark, while limonin diosphenol (6) was isolated from the seeds. Capensenin (1) showed weak antimicrobial activity against...

Author(s):Okwemba R. I., Tarus P. K., Machocho A. K., Wanyonyi A. W., Waweru, I. M., Onyancha J. M., Onani M. O. and Amuka O.

Comparative quantification of Baicalein and heavy metal in various aerial parts of Oroxylum indicum (L.) Kurz from Jharkhand and Uttrakhand states of India

Article in Press

Oroxylum indicum (L.) Kurz (Shyonak, Indian trumpet tree, Midnight horror) belongs to the family Bignoniaceae and has been used as a single drug or as a component of certain poly-herbal drug preparations in Indian Ayurvedic system of medicine. Oroxylum indicum is reported to contain flavonoids, namely, chrysin, oroxylin-A, scutellarin, and baicalein. Baicalein is reported to have anti-cancerous activity and inhibits...

Author(s):Swati Sinha, Tapan K Nailwal and Anupam Pandey

Pharmaceutical topical gel containing proanthocyanidin polymers-rich fraction from Stryphnodendron adstringens

Article in Press

The stem bark of Stryphnodendron adstringens, popularly known in Brazil as "barbatimão", has many biological activities, including antifungal activity. Considering the increasing interest of using "barbatimão" extract in the treatment of vaginal candidiasis, the aim of this study was to propose a pharmaceutical topical gel containing a proanthocyanidin polymers-rich fraction for use as a pharmacological agent in vaginal...

Author(s):Marco Antonio Costa, Andressa Blainski, Vanessa Kaplum, Marli Miriam de Souza Lima, Tânia Ueda-Nakamura, Benedito Prado Dias Filho, João Carlos Palazzo de Mello and Celso Vataru Nakamura

In vitro antiviral activity of Brazilian Cerrado plant extracts against animal and human herpesviruses

Article in Press

The Brazilian savanna known as “Cerrado” is very rich in medicinal plants that are used by the local population for treatment of several illnesses. The herpesvirus is a serious problem worldwide, and affects both animal and human health. This work aimed to study the antiviral activity of eight extracts from plants natives of “Cerrado” region against human (HSV-1), equine (EqHV-1) and swine herpesviruses (SuHV-1)....

Author(s):Marina A. Padilla, Isabela C. Simoni, Verônica Moreira H. Hoe, Maria J. Bittencourt Fernandes, Clarice W. Arns, Juliana R. Brito and João Henrique G. Lago

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