African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6576

Full Length Research Paper

Carbon sequestration potential of Scenedesmus species (Microalgae) under the fresh water ecosystem

  Vinod R. Maraskolhe1, Ashish R. Warghat2*, Guru Charan2 and P. B. Nandkar1        
  1Department of Botany, Rashtrasant Tukadoji Maharaj Nagpur University, Nagpur-440033, India. 2Defence Institute of High Altitude Research (DRDO) C/o 56 APO, Leh-901205, India.
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 29 March 2012
  •  Published: 12 May 2012

Abstract

 

The study was conducted to investigate the carbon sequestration potential of Scenedesmus species (a microalgae species) under the fresh water ecosystem. Biofixation of CO2 by microalgae mass cultures represents an advanced, climate friendly biological process that enables the direct utilization of fossil CO2streams produced from concentrated sources, such as power plants. The study was done in Nagpur region, the sample of Scenedesmus species (a microalgae species) were collected from fresh water ponds scattered over in Nagpur area. Collected samples were isolated for Scenedesmus species with Streak plate and Pour plate method by using serial dilution, purification was done by antibiotic treatment. The growth ofScenedesmus species was tested under different concentration of CO2, heavy metal treatment and different pH values and also chlorophyll contents were estimated over the various concentrations of CO2. Results revealed that the highest growth reported at 36% of CO2 treatment, 7.4 to 8.0 pH values and growth inhibited under high concentration of heavy metals. Chlorophyll synthesis was reported highest at 36% of CO2treatment. With the results it concluded that the Scenedesmus species having good carbon sequestration potential as it can tolerate up to 48% CO2 concentration in the medium, and can give excellent biomass accumulation under the 36% CO2 contents in the medium. This Scenedesmus species can be exploited as good source of bio-fixation of environmental CO2.

 

Key wordsScenedesmus species, biofixation, carbon sequestration, microalgae.