African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6574

Full Length Research Paper

Growth and yield responses of sesame to organic fertilizer under tropical conditions

Ivomberg Dourado Magalhaes
  • Ivomberg Dourado Magalhaes
  • Crop Production Department, Federal University of Alagoas, Av. Lourival Melo Mota, s/n, CEP 57072-900, Maceió. Alagoas, Brazil.
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Alexandre Bosco de Oliveira
  • Alexandre Bosco de Oliveira
  • Crop Science Department, Federal University of Ceará, Av. Mister Hull, 2977, 60356-001, Fortaleza, Brazil.
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Leandro Silva do Vale
  • Leandro Silva do Vale
  • Agronomy Department, Maranhão State University, Cidade Universitária Paulo VI, s/n - Balsas, São Luís, Brazil.
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Claudio Silva Soares
  • Claudio Silva Soares
  • Agricultural and Environment Sciences Department, Paraíba State University, Campus II, Sítio Imbaúba, sn, 58117-000, Lagoa Seca, Brazil.
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Rener Luciano de Souza Ferraz
  • Rener Luciano de Souza Ferraz
  • Campina Grande Federal University, Av. Aprígio Veloso, 882, Bodocongó, Campus I - Bloco CM, 58429-140, Campina Grande, Brazil.
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  •  Received: 15 May 2017
  •  Accepted: 27 June 2017
  •  Published: 17 August 2017

Abstract

The use of cattle manure and other organic compounds can be a profitable and efficient alternative in sustainable agriculture. The aim of this work was to evaluate the development and production of sesame ‘BRS Seda’ for organic fertilization at different doses, under the conditions of soil and climate found in Catolé do Rocha, in the State of Paraíba, Brazil. The following characteristics were evaluated: number of leaves and pods; plant height; stem diameter; number of flowers; dry weight of the leaves, stems, roots, pods and seeds; number and length of secondary branches; height of the first fruit; seeds per pod; pod length; and emergence percentage and speed of the produced seedlings. The different doses of cattle manure influenced pod length, number of seeds per pod, and emergence percentage and speed of the produced seedlings, with better results for the dose of 40 t ha-1.

 

Key words: Sesamum indicum L., fertilization, morpho-agronomic characterization, organic production.