African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6578

Full Length Research Paper

Effects of boron fertilization on a crambe crop cultivated in oxisols

Felipe Samways Santos
  • Felipe Samways Santos
  • Masters Course of Engineering of Energy in Agriculture, Post-Graduation Program, State University of West Paraná (UNIOESTE), Rua Universitária, 2069, CEP: 85.819-130 Bairro Faculdade, Cascavel, Paraná, Brasil.
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Luiz Antônio Zanão Júnior
  • Luiz Antônio Zanão Júnior
  • Masters Course of Engineering of Energy in Agriculture, Post-Graduation Program, State University of West Paraná (UNIOESTE), Rua Universitária, 2069, CEP: 85.819-130 Bairro Faculdade, Cascavel, Paraná, Brasil.
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Deonir Secco e Natália Pereira
  • Deonir Secco e Natália Pereira
  • Masters Course of Engineering of Energy in Agriculture, Post-Graduation Program, State University of West Paraná (UNIOESTE), Rua Universitária, 2069, CEP: 85.819-130 Bairro Faculdade, Cascavel, Paraná, Brasil.
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Reginaldo Ferreira Santos
  • Reginaldo Ferreira Santos
  • Masters Course of Engineering of Energy in Agriculture, Post-Graduation Program, State University of West Paraná (UNIOESTE), Rua Universitária, 2069, CEP: 85.819-130 Bairro Faculdade, Cascavel, Paraná, Brasil.
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Luciene Kazue Tokura
  • Luciene Kazue Tokura
  • Masters Course of Engineering of Energy in Agriculture, Post-Graduation Program, State University of West Paraná (UNIOESTE), Rua Universitária, 2069, CEP: 85.819-130 Bairro Faculdade, Cascavel, Paraná, Brasil.
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  •  Received: 23 February 2016
  •  Accepted: 08 September 2016
  •  Published: 29 September 2016

Abstract

The consolidation of crambe crops in the agricultural and industrial scenarios comes up against the lack of recommendations and technical information on their cultivation. Thus, this study aims to analyze the effects of boron fertilization on a crambe crop cultivated in two oxisols. The experiment was conducted in a greenhouse owned by the Agronomic Institute of Paraná, in the city of Santa Tereza do Oeste - PR. The treatments were arranged in a 2×3 factorial scheme. Two oxisols with different textures (clayey and medium texture) were used, and three boron rates (0, 1, and 8 mg kg-1) were applied to the soil. A randomized complete block design with five replications was used. The experimental unit consisted of a vase containing 2.0 kg of soil with two crambe plants. Plant height, dry matter yield of roots, stems and fruit, number of fruit per plant, number of branches per plant, 100-seed weight and leaf boron content were assessed. Soil texture did not affect any variable. There was no significant interaction between the boron rates applied and soil texture. Plant heights, number of branches per plant and fruit dry matter were not influenced by the boron fertilizer. The number of fruit per plant as well as the dry matter yield of roots, stems and fruit was higher with the application of 1 mg B kg-1 of soil. The amount of boron in the leaves was proportional to the fertilizer rates applied. The application of 8 mg B kg-1 of soil caused toxicity symptoms on crambe leaves.

 

Key words: Crambe abyssinica, fertilizing, nutrition of energy crops.