African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6530

Review

Implementation of COVID-19 control measures: Effect on fertilizer supply and soil fertility in Africa

Emmanuel Hanyabui
  • Emmanuel Hanyabui
  • Department of Soil Science, School of Agriculture, College of Agricultural and Natural Sciences, University of Cape Coast, Cape Coast, Ghana.
  • Google Scholar
Samuel Obeng Apori
  • Samuel Obeng Apori
  • African Center of Excellence in Agroecology and Livelihood System, Faculty of Agriculture Uganda Martyrs University, Uganda.
  • Google Scholar
Selorm Akaba
  • Selorm Akaba
  • Department of Agricultural Economics and Extension, School of Agriculture, College of Agriculture and Natural Sciences, University of Cape Coast, Cape Coast, Ghana.
  • Google Scholar
Joseph Ssekandi
  • Joseph Ssekandi
  • Department of Agricultural Sciences, Faculty of Agriculture, Uganda Martyrs University, Uganda.
  • Google Scholar


  •  Received: 01 May 2021
  •  Accepted: 03 June 2021
  •  Published: 31 July 2021

Abstract

The unexpected outbreak of novel COVID-19 in late 2019 and continual spread across the world has disrupted the agricultural value chain. The World Health Organization (WHO) prescribed border closure, lockdown, social distancing, wearing a mask, and handwashing to combat the pandemic. These control measures, especially the closure of borders, have affected the importation and supply of fertilizer for crop production. The current study presents potential expectations for the adverse effects of coronavirus pandemic on fertilizer supply and application, soil fertility, and crop yield. The study indicates that the effect of the COVID-19 pandemic has made the delivery of fertilizers to farmers very difficult. Hence, the application of fertilizer on time by farmers was problematic. It was also discovered that the COVID-19 control measure enforced can delay crop planting on time and the use of optimum quality and quantity of fertilizer. Therefore, crop yield will be affected and the quantity of crop produced will be reduced.

Key words: COVID-19 pandemic, fertilizer application, impact assessment, sustainable production, value chain