African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6574

Full Length Research Paper

Response of summer pulses (mung bean vs. mash bean) to integrated use of organic carbon sources and phosphorus in dry lands

Amanullah
  • Amanullah
  • Department of Agronomy, University of Agriculture, Peshawar, Pakistan.
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Saifullah
  • Saifullah
  • Department of Agronomy, University of Agriculture, Peshawar, Pakistan.
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Khalid Nawab
  • Khalid Nawab
  • Department of Agriculture Extension and Communication, University of Agriculture, Peshawar, Pakistan.
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Asif Iqbal
  • Asif Iqbal
  • Department of Agronomy, University of Agriculture, Peshawar, Pakistan.
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Shah Fahad
  • Shah Fahad
  • Department of Agriculture, University of Swabi, Ambar, Pakistan.
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Muhammad Jamal Khan
  • Muhammad Jamal Khan
  • Department of Water Management, University of Agriculture, Peshawar, Pakistan.
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Habib Akbar
  • Habib Akbar
  • Department of Agronomy, University of Agriculture, Peshawar, Pakistan.
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Ikramullah
  • Ikramullah
  • Department of Agronomy, University of Agriculture, Peshawar, Pakistan.
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Iqbal Hussain
  • Iqbal Hussain
  • Department of Agronomy, University of Agriculture, Peshawar, Pakistan.
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Akhtar Ali
  • Akhtar Ali
  • Department of Agronomy, University of Agriculture, Peshawar, Pakistan.
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  •  Received: 21 September 2017
  •  Accepted: 20 October 2017
  •  Published: 14 December 2017

Abstract

Pulses play an important role in addressing hunger, food insecurity, malnutrition, environmental degradation, climate change impacts and human health, thereby supporting the overall achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals. Pulses yield is very low under arid and semiarid climate. Field experiment was conducted to evaluate the impact of phosphorus (0, 30, 60 and 90 kg P ha-1) and organic sources [sole animal manure (10 t ha-1), sole legume residues (10 t ha-1), and integration of animal manures + legume residue (5 t ha-1 each)] on the phenological development, growth, yield and yield components of mung bean (Vigna radiata L.) in comparison to mash bean (Vigna mungo L.) under rainfed/moisture stress condition at the Agronomy Research Farm of The University of Agriculture, Peshawar-Pakistan. The results revealed that increase in P levels resulted in earlier phenological development, improved growth, increased number of nodules plant-1, yield and yield components of both crops. Combined application of animal manures and legume (gram or chickpea) residues (5 t ha-1 each) ranked first in terms of better growth and higher yield and yield components of both crops, followed by sole animal manure (cattle manure), while sole legume residues stood at the bottom in the ranking.

 

Key words: Mung bean, mash bean, phosphorus levels, organic sources, dry land.