African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6578

Full Length Research Paper

Productive performance and evaluation of the carcass and meat of confined lambs in North of Brazil

Acaína Kiss da Silva Elias
  • Acaína Kiss da Silva Elias
  • Department of Animal Science, Federal Rural University of Amazon, PA 275, km 13, Parauapebas, Pará, 68515-000 Brazil.
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Kaliandra Souza Alves
  • Kaliandra Souza Alves
  • Department of Animal Science, Federal Rural University of Amazon, PA 275, km 13, Parauapebas, Pará, 68515-000 Brazil.
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Rafael Mezzomo
  • Rafael Mezzomo
  • Department of Animal Science, Federal Rural University of Amazon, PA 275, km 13, Parauapebas, Pará, 68515-000 Brazil.
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Luis Rennan Sampaio Oliveira
  • Luis Rennan Sampaio Oliveira
  • Department of Animal Science, Federal Rural University of Amazon, PA 275, km 13, Parauapebas, Pará, 68515-000 Brazil.
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Francisco Fernando Ramos Carvalho
  • Francisco Fernando Ramos Carvalho
  • Department of Animal Science, Federal Rural University of Pernambuco, Recife, Brazil.
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Rozilda da Conceição dos Santos
  • Rozilda da Conceição dos Santos
  • Department of Animal Science, Federal Rural University of Amazon, PA 275, km 13, Parauapebas, Pará, 68515-000 Brazil.
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Darley Oliveira Cutrim
  • Darley Oliveira Cutrim
  • Department of Animal Science, Federal Rural University of Amazon, PA 275, km 13, Parauapebas, Pará, 68515-000 Brazil.
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Daiany Iris Gomes
  • Daiany Iris Gomes
  • Department of Animal Science, Federal Rural University of Amazon, PA 275, km 13, Parauapebas, Pará, 68515-000 Brazil.
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  •  Received: 12 November 2015
  •  Accepted: 27 January 2016
  •  Published: 11 February 2016

Abstract

This study was untaken to evaluate the effects of diets based on elephant grass or sugarcane as roughage and corn meal or rice bran as energy concentrate on carcass characteristics, meat quality, and the rack of lamb cut characteristics. Thirty-six lambs of undefined breed initially weighing 19.77±1.99 kg were used. A completely randomized design with eight treatments in a 2×2×2 factorial arrangement: two roughage (elephant grass or sugarcane), two concentrates (rice bran or corn meal), and two feeding levels (ad libitum or 60% of ad libitum) was performed. The nutrient intake was greater (P<0.05) in treatments with corn meal and elephant grass and at 4.96% of body weight feeding level. No interactions between roughage sources, concentrate sources, and feeding level was observed (P<0.05). The intake of dry matter was greater in lambs fed corn meal (P<0.05). No difference was observed on quality meat parameters (P>0.05), except for collagen solubility (P<0.05). Corn meal provided a noticeably greater percentage of protein (P<0.05), while rice bran promoted a greater fat deposition (P<0.05) in the rack of lamb. The use of sugarcane and rice bran as alternative foods for feedlot sheep is a viable strategy, because they do not decrease the quantitative and qualitative traits of sheep carcass and meat.

 

Key words: Elephant grass, performance, rice bran, sugarcane.