African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6576

Full Length Research Paper

Seed priming with phosphorus increased germination and yield of okra

Abdul Raziq Shah1, Neelam Ara2* and Gohar Shafi1  
1Department of Horticulture, Khyber Pakhtoonkhwa Agricultural University Peshawar, Pakistan. 2Institute of Vegetable Sciences, Department of Horticulture, College of Agriculture and Biotechnology, Zhejiang University Hanzhou Disitrict, PR, China.
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 26 June 2011
  •  Published: 18 August 2011


In order to sort out the problem of uneven and poor germination in okra, a research work “the effect of seed priming on okra cv. Sabaz Pari with different sources of phosphorus and soaking durations” was carried out at Horticulture Research Farm, Khyber Pakhtoonkhwa Agricultural University Peshawar, Pakistan, during summer 2008. The experiment was laid down in randomized complete block design with split plot arrangements. There were four priming sources (distilled water, 1% phosphorus (P) solution of each of diammonium phosphate (DAP), single super phosphate (SSP), SSP+ Na2CO3) with soaking durations from 4 h and their twofolds up to 48 h along with unprimed seed (control). Priming sources and durations significantly affected germination percentage, survival percentage, number of days to emergence and first flowering, plant height, leaves number per plant, pods number per plant, pod length, seeds number per pod and pod yield. SSP solutions with 24 h soaking duration gave the best results, followed by DAP, while unsoaked seeds proved to be the poorest. Hence, seed priming in SSP solution (1%P) for 24 h is recommended for okra.


Key words: Abelmoschus esculentus (Okra), seed soaking, phosphorus fertilizer.