The importance of landscape values and human and nature interactions are usually ignored or degraded during planning processes not only in Turkey but most of the countries, resulting in unhealthy urban environment. This viewpoint causes exclusion of landscape planning from national planning stages, which in fact has a vital importance for the development of sustainable cities, in terms of both natural and cultural resources. The necessity of landscape consideration and urban ecology recognition in urban planning and design have led the emergence of various theories such as ecological urbanism, landscape urbanism and landscape ecological urbanism. However, there is still a need for a more definite and integrated model allowing for the landscape as the basis of the planning practices in the very beginning of the process. Landscape planning enables the detection and analysis of landscape characteristics supported by ecological concerns and thus provides a reliable basis for development plans and healthy decision-making. The spatiality of the data used in planning process, on the other hand, enables the utilization of geographic information systems (GIS) technologies for obtaining rapid, accurate and precise results. Moreover GIS offer opportunities to work with multi data sets and realize advanced analysis. Considering the need for improvement of traditional planning approaches especially within the context of the latest urban regeneration discourses of Turkish Ministry of Environment and Urbanism, in which an integrated planning understanding is lacking, this paper discusses the applicability of current urbanism theories comprising the evaluation of landscape and ecological systems and proposes a landscape based urbanism model enriched with geospatial understanding for Turkey, through the case of Antakya City Regeneration Project Proposal.
Key words: Urbanism, urban regeneration, landscape planning.
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