African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6013

Full Length Research Paper

Occurrence and estimated losses caused by cassava viruses in Migori County, Kenya

Emily Atieno Masinde
  • Emily Atieno Masinde
  • Department of Crops, Horticulture and Soils, Egerton University, P.O. Box 536-20115, Egerton, Kenya.
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Joshua Ondura Ogendo
  • Joshua Ondura Ogendo
  • Department of Crops, Horticulture and Soils, Egerton University, P.O. Box 536-20115, Egerton, Kenya.
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Midatharahally N. Maruthi
  • Midatharahally N. Maruthi
  • Natural Resources Institute, University of Greenwich, Chatham Maritime, Kent ME4 4TB, UK.
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Rory Hillocks
  • Rory Hillocks
  • Natural Resources Institute, University of Greenwich, Chatham Maritime, Kent ME4 4TB, UK.
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Richard M.S. Mulwa
  • Richard M.S. Mulwa
  • Department of Crops, Horticulture and Soils, Egerton University, P.O. Box 536-20115, Egerton, Kenya.
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Peter Futi Arama
  • Peter Futi Arama
  • School of Agriculture, Natural Resources and Environmental Studies, Rongo University College, P.O. Box 103 - 40404, Rongo, Kenya.
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  •  Received: 04 January 2016
  •  Accepted: 01 April 2016
  •  Published: 16 June 2016

Abstract

A farm survey was conducted in Kuria East and Suna West sub-counties to determine the incidence, severity and estimated losses of cassava brown streak disease (CBSD) and cassava mosaic disease (CMD) on cassava crops in farmers’ fields. The results showed that cassava is the second most important staple crop after maize in Migori County. CMD incidence ranged from 0.0 to 56.7%) in Kuria East and 10.0 to 55.0% in Suna West. CBSD incidences were much higher at 5.0 to 74.0% in Kuria East and 10.0 to 77.5% in Suna West. Both CMD and CBSD had an effect on yield reduction and total root loss ranged from 10.7 to 47.2% in Kuria East and 11.5 to 33.2 in Suna West. The percent mean total root loss in Kuria East was 25.9%; equivalent to 1299.6 US dollars/ha while in Suna East was 24.7%; equivalent to 1259.5 US dollars/ha. The best performing variety with regards to low CBSD and CMD incidence, low root losses and high yield were TMS 30572 and MH95/0183. The findings of this study are expected to provide impetus for the development and promotion of new high yielding, locally adapted and resistant cassava varieties.

Key words: Cassava, CBSD, incidence, root necrosis, yield loss.