African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6576

Full Length Research Paper

Effect of fertilization and mulching in fallow period on nitrogen accumulation of dryland wheat

Wei-Feng ZHAO, Zhi-Qiang GAO*, Min SUN, Lian-Feng DENG and Qing LI
College of Agronomy, Shanxi Agricultural University, Taigu 030801, China.  
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 23 January 2012
  •  Published: 26 March 2012

Abstract

Understanding mulching influences on nitrogen (N) accumulation in soil is important for developing N management strategies for dryland wheat yield. A two year field experiment was carried out to investigate the effect of three mulching materials (film mulching, nylon mulching, and paper mulching) and different fertilizer (with or without fertilizer) on N accumulation in a winter wheat-fallow system. The results showed that the organic fertilizer application in fallow period could lead to a serial positive effect compared with the non-fertilization including increased N content of wheat at wintering stage, heading stage, and maturity stage, N accumulation at different growth stages, the ratio of N accumulation from emergency to jointing under the condition of film and nylon mulching, the ratio of N accumulation from anthesis to maturity under all mulching, pre-anthesis N translocation amount, post-anthesis N accumulation, and the contribution of post-anthesis N accumulation to N in grains under the condition of nylon mulching, paper mulching and no mulching. In addition, our results also showed that regardless of fertilization, N content of wheat at maturity, N accumulation in plant at anthesis and maturity, N accumulation and its ratio from jointing to anthesis under the film mulching treatment were all greater than those in the other treatments. Mulching increased post-anthesis N accumulation and the contribution of post-anthesis N accumulation to N in grains. In the context of organic fertilizer application, the contribution of post-anthesis N accumulation to N in grains under the treatment of nylon mulching was greater than that in the other treatments. However, without fertilizer, film mulching seemed to be better than other treatments. Therefore, organic fertilizer application and film mulching may be effective strategies for increasing N accumulation in grains, and the quality and yield of dryland wheat.

 

Key words: Fallow period, fertilizer, mulching, winter wheat, N accumulation.