Irrigation is a well established procedure on many farms and is practiced on various levels around the world. It allows diversification of crops, while increasing crop yields. However, typical irrigation systems consume a great amount of conventional energy through the use of electric motors and generators powered by fuel. Photovoltaic energy can find many applications in agriculture, providing electrical energy in various cases, particularly in areas without an electric grid. In this paper the description of reviews on a photovoltaic irrigation system, is presented. Photovoltaic water pumping system is one of the best alternative methods for irrigation. The variation of spatial and temporal distribution of available water for irrigation makes significant demand on water conservation techniques. Hence solar powered Automated Irrigation System provides a sustainable solution to enhance water use efficiency in the agricultural fields using renewable energy system removes workmanship that is needed for flooding irrigation. The use of this photo-irrigation system will be able to contribute to the socio-economic development. It is the proposed solution for the energy crisis for the Indian farmers. This system conserves electricity by reducing the usage of grid power and easy to implement and environment friendly solution for irrigating fields.
Key words: Solar photovoltaics, water pumping system, irrigation, photovoltaic (PV) pumping system.
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