African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6576

Full Length Research Paper

Parasitoids of the leafminers (Diptera: Agromyzidae) from Elazığ Province, Turkey

  Emine ÇIKMA
Plant Protection Department, Faculty of Agriculture, Harran University, 63040 Åžanlıurfa, Turkey. 
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 29 December 2011
  •  Published: 26 March 2012

Abstract

 

This study was carried out to determine parasitoid species attacking leafminers in the family Agromyzidae (Diptera) in Elazığ province during 2009-2010. Infested leaves with leafminer larvae were collected from both cultivated and non-cultivated plants twice a month. Adult parasitoids were obtained by rearing them from infested leaves in the laboratory. Four parasitoid species belonging to the Braconidae (Hymenoptera); Opius (Opius) agromyzicola Fischer, Phaedrotoma diversa (Szépligeti), Pseudopezomachus cursitans (Ferrière), and Xynobius (Xynobius) discoidalis (Fischer) and eight parasitoid species; belonging to the Eulophidae (Hymenoptera); Chrysocharis liriomyzae Delucchi, Cirrospilus lyncus Walker, Closterocerus formosus (Westwood), Diglyphus isaea (Walker, 1838), D. minoeus (Walker), D. pachyneurus Graham, and two of Pteromalidae: Halticoptera circulus (Walker), and H. patellana (Dalman) were found. Among the parasioids reared, C. lyncus, C. formosus, H. circulus, and and H. patellana were recorded for the first time from species of Agromyzidae in Turkey. In this study, the percentage of O. agromyzicola, P. diversa, P. cursitans, and C. was generally low. D. isaea was the predominant parasitoid species found, accounting for 47.66% of parasitism.

 

Key words: Parasitoid, leafminer, Elazığ, Turkey.