African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6576

Full Length Research Paper

Farmers’ adaptive measures to climate change induced natural shocks through past climate experiences in the Mekong River Delta, Vietnam

Thanh Quang Ngo
  • Thanh Quang Ngo
  • Southern Center of Agricultural Rural Policy and Strategy, Institute of Strategy for Agriculture and Rural Development (IPSARD), Hanoi, Vietnam.
  • Google Scholar


  •  Received: 22 December 2015
  •  Accepted: 01 March 2016
  •  Published: 14 April 2016

Abstract

This study examined farmers’ adaptive measures to climate change induced natural shocks through past climate experiences in the Mekong River Delta (Vietnam) from a data set of 330 farmers. Seemingly unrelated regression model was used to identify the determinants of farmers’ adaptive measures. Results showed that male household head, education of the household head, marital status of the household head, production assets, firm size, availability of credit, access to market, temperature and rainfall had significant impacts on choices of adaptation. Results also indicated that past climate experiences was the most important determinant of adaptive measures. Policy messages enhanced access to credit, to markets, and created awareness on climate change. Other policy options could also be suggested, including: strengthening education level of farmers, facilitating cheap technologies, spurring irrigation investment through public - private partner, and supporting the land reform such as farmers’ cooperation in large-scale production.

 

Key words: Climate change induced natural shocks, adaptative measures, past climate experiences, Mekong River Delta.