African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6670

Full Length Research Paper

Bank erosion as a factor of soil loss and land use changes in the Kolubara River Basin, Serbia

Mirjana Roksandic1, Slavoljub Dragicevic2*, Nenad Zivkovic1, Stanimir Kostadinov3, Miodrag Zlatic3 and Marija Martinovic1
1Institute for Geography, University of Belgrade, Faculty of Geography, Studentski trg 3/3, 11000 Belgrade, Serbia. 2Institute for the environment and GIS, University of Belgrade, Faculty of Geography, Studentski trg 3/3, 11000 Belgrade, Serbia. 3Department of ecological engineering of soil and water resources protection, Faculty of Forestry, University of Belgrade, Kneza Viseslava 1, 11030 Belgrade, Serbia.
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 29 June 2011
  •  Published: 31 December 2011

Abstract

The channel morphology of the Kolubara river was changed during the last century, mostly because of the lignite exploitation. In the research area, bank erosion is widespread and causes processes of soil loss and land use changes. This is an agricultural area and people used to farm their land parcels at the river banks. In the area of the three villages which are situated on the Kolubara River banks, there are 208 land parcels at risk from the bank erosion. The changes in the area with endangered land parcels were analyzed using the cadastral maps from 1967 and aerial photographs from 2004. On the research sector, the Kolubara river length was 7.7 km in 1967 and 10.36 km in 2004. The research shows that 60.37 ha was lost and degraded by the bank erosion. The loss of land comprises 49.43% of the land parcels from 1967. The aim of this paper is to analyze the influence of the bank erosion rate on the changes of the Kolubara river course, soil loss and land use. The results of this research are important for the water and land management, as well as for the protection of intensive bank erosion.

 

Key words: Human impact, bank erosion, channel morphology, loss of land, land use changes