Garlic bulbs were collected in the North of Aguascalientes, Mexico. The plant pathogens were isolated, purified and identified down to its species, based on taxonomic keys. Their identity was confirmed by Internal Transcribed Spacer (ITS) and pathogenicity tests were conducted under laboratory conditions. Fusarium proliferatum was identified by the pathogenicity tests. The fungus was isolated from the bulb and stem parts presenting purple and reddish lesions, obtaining F. proliferatum consistently. This is the first report F. proliferatum in garlic in Mexico; although it had already been reported for garlic in Spain, Serbia, USA and Germany.
Key words: Identification, rot of bulbs, Allium sativum.
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