African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6578

Full Length Research Paper

The first report of Fusarium proliferatum causing garlic bulb rots in Mexico

  Yisa María Ochoa Fuentes1, Juan Carlos Delgado Ortiz1, Ernesto Cerna Chávez1*, Francisco Daniel Hernández Castillo1, Alberto Flores Olivas1, Gabriel Gallegos Morales1, Otilio Vázquez Martínez2 and Raúl Rodríguez Guerra3
  1Departamento de Parasitología, Universidad Autónoma Agraria Antonio Narro, Buenavista, Saltillo, Coahuila, México CP 25315. 2Departamento de Fitotecnia, Centro de Ciencias Agropecuarias, Universidad Autónoma de Aguascalientes, Av. Universidad No 940 Col. Cd, Universitaria. Aguascalientes, México CP 20131. 3INIFAP, Campo Experimental General Terán, Km 31 Carretera Montemorelos-China Exhacienda Las Anacuas, CP. 67400, General Terán, Nuevo León, México.
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 13 February 2013
  •  Published: 25 February 2013

Abstract

 

Garlic bulbs were collected in the North of Aguascalientes, Mexico. The plant pathogens were isolated, purified and identified down to its species, based on taxonomic keys. Their identity was confirmed by Internal Transcribed Spacer (ITS) and pathogenicity tests were conducted under laboratory conditions. Fusarium proliferatum was identified by the pathogenicity tests. The fungus was isolated from the bulb and stem parts presenting purple and reddish lesions, obtaining F. proliferatum consistently. This is the first report F. proliferatum in garlic in Mexico; although it had already been reported for garlic in Spain, Serbia, USA and Germany.

 

Key words: Identification, rot of bulbs, Allium sativum.