African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6578

Full Length Research Paper

Study on productive performances and egg quality traits of exotic chickens under village production system in East Shewa, Ethiopia

Desalew Tadesse1*, Harpal Singh2, Ashenafi Mengistu2 Wondimeneh Esatu3 and Tadelle Dessie4
1College of Veterinary Medicine, Mekelle University, P. O. Box 231, Mekelle, Ethiopia. 2College of Veterinary Medicine, Addis Ababa University, P. O. Box 34, Debre Zeit, Ethiopia. 3Debre Zeit Agricultural Research Center, P. O. Box 32, Debre Zeit, Ethiopia. 4International Livestock Research Institute, ILRI Addis, P. O. Box 5689, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 04 April 2013
  •  Published: 11 April 2013

Abstract

The study was conducted to determine productive performances and egg quality traits of Isa Brown (IB), Bovan Brown (BB) and Potchefstroom Koekoek (PK) under village production system in Ada’a and Lume districts of East Shewa, Ethiopia. A total of 180 randomly selected smallholder farmers were included in the study from six purposively selected Peasant Associations (PAs) from the two districts. Information was obtained on average eggs/year and age at first laying, while hen’s body weight was measured directly during survey and egg collection. The average egg production/year was 276.1, 266.32, and 187.04 eggs for IB, BB and PK, respectively. The average age at first laying was 160.5, 165.5 and 153.3 days for IB, BB and PK, respectively. The strain BB was superior for egg weight, yolk height, albumen height (AH), albumen weight, Haugh unit (HU) and eggshell thickness than IB and PK. The IB was found to be superior to BB and PK for yolk weight, whereas PK was superior to IB and BB for yolk colour. In this study, the egg quality traits obtained from these layers was a good quality at village level, while to better conclude on the average number of egg /bird/year, it may need further study through considering the amount and types of feed supplement by farmers and proper recording on the number of eggs laid.

 

Key words: Exotic chicken, productive performances, egg quality traits.