African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6668

Full Length Research Paper

Research on yam production, marketing and consumption of Nupe farmers of Niger State, central Nigeria

Regina H. Y. FU1*, Hidehiko KIKUNO2 and Makoto MARUYAMA1
  1Department of Advanced Social and International Studies, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan. 2International Institute of Tropical Agriculture, Ibadan, Nigeria.
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 28 September 2011
  •  Published: 19 October 2011

Abstract

 

Questionnaire survey was conducted to obtain information from lowland rice cultivation based Nupe farmers in Niger State, central Nigeria regarding the current practices of yam production, marketing and consumption. In order to intensify yam production in Africa, scientists have developed various technologies to control growth cycle of yams for dry season production on wetlands. With appropriate natural environment and tradition of wetland utilization, the Nupe farmers in Niger State are targeted for introducing the new technologies to initiate dry season yam cultivation. Farmers can harvest ware yams during months when market prices of yam tubers are high, which would improve their incomes. Cassava as the current major dry season crop in the region may be replaced by yams which have far higher market and nutrition values. This research thus attempts to obtain basic information for future project planning. The findings suggest that, although in small scale, yams have been incorporated into the cropping system of Nupe farmers. Yams were mainly cultivated for self-consumption, so it was not market-oriented and resources inputs were limited. There were discrepancies between complex villages and upland villages in terms of production scale, variety, cultivating calendar and time pattern for sale and consumption.

 

Key words: Yams, Nupe, farming system, inland valley utilization, off-season production.