African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6576

Full Length Research Paper

Perceived impacts of climate change among rural farmers in Imo State, Nigeria

Ozor, N
  • Ozor, N
  • African Technology Policy Studies Network (ATPS), 3rd Floor, The Chancery, Valley Road, P. O. Box 10081-00100; Nairobi, Kenya.
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Umunakwe, P. C.
  • Umunakwe, P. C.
  • Department of Agricultural Extension, Federal University of Technology, P. M. B. 1526, Owerri, Imo State, Nigeria.
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Ani, A. O.
  • Ani, A. O.
  • Department of Agricultural Extension, Federal University of Technology, P. M. B. 1526, Owerri, Imo State, Nigeria.
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Nnadi, F. N.
  • Nnadi, F. N.
  • Department of Agricultural Extension, Federal University of Technology, P. M. B. 1526, Owerri, Imo State, Nigeria.
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  •  Received: 16 February 2015
  •  Accepted: 01 April 2015
  •  Published: 02 April 2015

Abstract

The study analyzed the impacts of climate change among rural farmers in Imo State, Nigeria. Specifically, it ascertained the socioeconomic characteristics of the farmers, their level of awareness of climate change, the perceived causes of climate change and the perceived impacts of climate change. Multistage sampling technique was used to select a sample of 100 farmers for the study. Data were collected using structured questionnaire. The data were analyzed using frequency counts, percentages, mean score and bar charts. Results showed that a greater proportion (40.6%) of the respondents knew a little about climate change. Also, it showed that gas flaring (M = 2.07, S.D = 1.94), violation of local customs (M = 2.01, S.D = 1.83) and natural phenomenon (M = 2.00, S.D = 1.83) were perceived as causes of climate change. The result further showed that declining crop yields (49.0%), declining soil fertility (17.0%), drought events (17.0%) and increased heat wave (15.0%) were the perceived impacts of climate change on agriculture in the study area. It was recommended that relevant, timely and up-to-date information on climate change should be provided to the farmers to boost their adaptive capacity to climate change.

 

Key words: Climate change, impacts, rural farmers, Imo State, Nigeria.