African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6576

Full Length Research Paper

Selectivity of pre-and post-emergent herbicides for cowpea (Vigna unguiculata)

Antonio Felix da Costa
  • Antonio Felix da Costa
  • Agronomic Institute of Pernambuco, Brazil.
  • Google Scholar
Leandro Silva do Vale
  • Leandro Silva do Vale
  • Maranhão State University, Brazil.
  • Google Scholar
Alexandre Bosco de Oliveira*
  • Alexandre Bosco de Oliveira*
  • Federal University of Ceará, Brazil.
  • Google Scholar
Jose Felix de Brito Neto
  • Jose Felix de Brito Neto
  • Paraíba State University, Brazil.
  • Google Scholar
Gleibson Dionizio Cardoso
  • Gleibson Dionizio Cardoso
  • Brazilian Agricultural Research Corporation, Brazil.
  • Google Scholar


  •  Received: 15 December 2016
  •  Accepted: 14 February 2017
  •  Published: 16 March 2017

Abstract

Historically, cowpea farming has been concentrated to the north and northeast of Brazil, and is usually cultivated with low level of technology. However, in recent years, there has been an increase in the area planted with the crop in the central west, using technology, and there is therefore now a need to study, among other factors, the chemical control of weeds. Two experiments were carried out with the aim of making a preliminary study during the vegetative phase of the cowpea, the first using pre-emergent herbicides and the second with post-emergent herbicides, in a greenhouse at the Federal University of Paraíba, in Areia, state of Paraiba, Brazil. The experimental design was completely randomized with four replications. The Relative Chlorophyll Content (SPAD index) was evaluated together with a visual evaluation of phytotoxicity. Promising results for selectivity in the cowpea were seen in relation to the herbicides under evaluation, whether applied prior to or after emergence of the crop. For weed control prior to crop emergence, the herbicides Diuron, S-metolachlor, Metribuzin, Diquat dibromide and Sulfentrazone gave promising results. In addition to these products, Clethodim and Haloxyfop-p-methyl should be noted as potential post-emergent herbicides.

Key words: Chemical control, phytotoxicity, tolerance, Vigna unguiculata, weed management.