African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6576

Full Length Research Paper

Blood survey of Babesia spp and Theileria spp in Mono's cattle, Benin

Safiou B. Adehan
  • Safiou B. Adehan
  • Ecole Polytechnique d’Abomey-Calavi, Unité de Recherche en Biotechnologie en Production et Santé Animale, 01 BP 2009 Cotonou, BENIN / Wecatic Project, Benin.
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Abel Biguezoton
  • Abel Biguezoton
  • Centre International de Recherche-Développement en Zone subhumide-Cirdes 01BP454 Bobo-Dioulasso01, Burkina Faso.
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Aquilas Dossoumou
  • Aquilas Dossoumou
  • Ministère de l’Agriculture de l’Elevage et de la Pêche/Institut National de la Recherche Agricole (INRAB), Centre de Recherche Agricole d’Agonkanmey, Benin.
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Marc N. Assogba
  • Marc N. Assogba
  • Ecole Polytechnique d’Abomey-Calavi, Unité de Recherche en Biotechnologie en Production et Santé Animale, 01 BP 2009 Cotonou, BENIN / Wecatic Project, Benin.
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Razacki Adehan
  • Razacki Adehan
  • Ecole Polytechnique d’Abomey-Calavi, Unité de Recherche en Biotechnologie en Production et Santé Animale, 01 BP 2009 Cotonou, BENIN / Wecatic Project, Benin.
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Hassane Adakal
  • Hassane Adakal
  • Centre International de Recherche-Développement en Zone subhumide-Cirdes 01BP454 Bobo-Dioulasso01, Burkina Faso.
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Guy Appolinaire Mensah
  • Guy Appolinaire Mensah
  • Ministère de l’Agriculture de l’Elevage et de la Pêche/Institut National de la Recherche Agricole (INRAB), Centre de Recherche Agricole d’Agonkanmey, Benin.
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Souaïbou Farougou
  • Souaïbou Farougou
  • Ecole Polytechnique d’Abomey-Calavi, Unité de Recherche en Biotechnologie en Production et Santé Animale, 01 BP 2009 Cotonou, BENIN / Wecatic Project, Benin.
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Maxime Madder
  • Maxime Madder
  • Vector Biology Unit, Institute of Tropical Medicine, Nationalestraat 155, 2000 Antwerp, Belgium.
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  •  Received: 22 June 2015
  •  Accepted: 17 February 2016
  •  Published: 30 April 2016

Abstract

A cross-section study was carried out in the Mono district in Benin to establish the different proportions of Babesia and Theleria in ticks and blood. Blood samples were collected between October and November, 2008, a period of relative abundance of ticks. The investigation covered nine herds (villages), including the farm of Kpinnou, in an agro-ecological zone where the people adhere to the same pastoral-farming tradition. In total, 756 ticks and 36 drops of blood on filter paper were taken from 36 bovines at a rate of 4 per village. Using morphological identification, identified 166 Rhipicephalus spp., 185 Amblyomma spp. and 405 Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus individuals were collected, corresponding to 53.57% of the vectors. Molecular diagnosis confirmed the results of the morphological identification. Molecular methods were also used for detecting Babesia and Theileria in the bovine blood samples. Different parasites have been identified in varying prevalences: Babesia bigemina (13.89%), Babesia bovis (5.56%), Theileria mutans (22.22%), Theileria ovis (5.56%) and other Babesia species (22. 22%). No data exists so far for the district, but the results of this study are very similar to those obtained in the neighboring districts.

Key words: Cattle, ticks, Rhipicephalus microplus, Babesia bigemina, Babesia bovis, Benin.