African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6668

Full Length Research Paper

Adaptability and genotype-environment interaction of finger millet (Eleusine coracana (L.) Gaertn) varieties in North Eastern Ethiopia

Mulugeta Mamo
  • Mulugeta Mamo
  • Amhara Regional Agricultural Research Institute, Sirinka Agricultural Research Center, Woldia, Ethiopia.
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Fisseha Worede
  • Fisseha Worede
  • Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research, Fogera Rice Research and Training Center, Bahir Dar, Ethiopia.
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Yemata Bezie
  • Yemata Bezie
  • Amhara Regional Agricultural Research Institute, Sirinka Agricultural Research Center, Woldia, Ethiopia.
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Solomon Assefa
  • Solomon Assefa
  • Amhara Regional Agricultural Research Institute, Sirinka Agricultural Research Center, Woldia, Ethiopia.
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Tsegaye Gebremariam
  • Tsegaye Gebremariam
  • Amhara Regional Agricultural Research Institute, Sirinka Agricultural Research Center, Woldia, Ethiopia.
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  •  Received: 01 February 2018
  •  Accepted: 07 March 2018
  •  Published: 28 June 2018

Abstract

An experiment was conducted to study the adaptability and genotype × environment interaction of finger millet varieties in the north eastern part of Ethiopia. Eight finger millet varieties and a local check were tested at Sirinka, Kobo, and Jari in 2013 and 2014 cropping season. The experiment was laid out in a randomized complete block (RCB) design with three replicates. The result showed that the year 2013 was relatively better than 2014 for finger millet yield. Variety Bareda ranked first in terms of yield at Sirinka both in 2013 and 2014 (SR13 and SR14), and Kobo in 2013 (KB13). Variety Tadesse ranked first at Jari in 2013 (JR13); however, both the local check and Gute ranked first at Jari in 2014 (JR14). Except at JR14, the local check ranked second in all the environments. The Additive Main-effect and Multiplicative Interaction (AMMI) analysis showed that the best fit model was AMMI1 and it explained 68.54% of the genotype × environment interaction. Genotypes Bareda, the local check and Gute had higher grain yield in that order. Similarly, environments SR13, JR13 and KB13 had above average grain yield. Varieties Tadesse and Padet had small interaction effect; however, Bareda and Gute exerted relatively higher interaction effect. Similarly, environment SR13 contributed minimum interaction effect; whereas KB13 and JR13 contributed higher interaction effect. Genotype and genotype × environment (GGE) biplot identified the local check, Bareda and Gute as more desirable varieties. Based on the overall performance and adaptability of the finger millet varieties across environments, Bareda could be recommended for production at Sirinka and Kobo, whereas the local check could still be used at Jari. 
 
Key words: Adaptability, additive main-effect and multiplicative interaction (AMMI), Eleusine coracana, G × E interaction, genotype and genotype × environment (GGE).