Full Length Research Paper
A research was carried out to study phytosociology and to determine the periods of weed interference in the okra crop in organic cropping system. The experiment was laid out in a randomized complete block design with 20 treatments and four replications. The treatments were 10 periods of weed coexistence with the crop during 0-7, 0-14, 0-21, 0-28, 0-35, 0-42, 0-49, 0-56, 0-63 and 0-74 days after crop emergence (DAE) and 10 periods weed free during 0-7, 0-14, 0-21, 0-28, 0-35, 0-42, 0-49, 0-56, 0-63 and 0-74 DAE. The weeds were evaluated by the number of individuals and accumulated dry biomass of each population in the treatments. The relative frequency, relative density, relative dominance and importance value index of each species were used to determine the effect the weeds. The most important weeds based on the Importance value index were Commelina benghalensis L., Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers., Eleusine indica L., Phyllanthus niruri L. and Alternanthera tenella Colla. The period prior to interference and the total period of interference prevention were respectively of 12 and 36 days after emergence. The weed community caused yield losses of around 51%. In okra organic cropping system, weed control should be done early to boost okra plant growth in order to provide shade on the weeds to reduce the need for long control period.
Key words: Abelmoschus esculentus (L.) Moench, competition, weed community.
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