African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6561

Review

Effect of iron on yield, quality and nutrient uptake of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.)

K. K. Pingoliya
  • K. K. Pingoliya
  • Department of Agricultural Chemistry and Soil Science, Maharana Pratap University of Agriculture and Technology, Udaipur, India.
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M. L. Dotaniya
  • M. L. Dotaniya
  • Indian Institute of Soil Science, Nabi Bagh, Berasia Road, Bhopal- 462 038, India.
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M. Lata
  • M. Lata
  • Rajasthan University, Jaipur, India.
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  •  Received: 24 December 2013
  •  Accepted: 28 August 2014
  •  Published: 08 September 2014

Abstract

The role of micronutrients in crops is well known in the present context. Research already proved the micronutrient deficiency in various crops as well as in the human beings and which results as drastic reduction in crop yield. Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) is an important grain legume crop in the World, and being a rich and cheap source of protein can help people to improve the nutritional quality of their diets. It is also the premier food legume crop in India, ranks first among all pulse crops. Iron (Fe) play vital role in several enzymatic reactions and metabolism in plants. A little amount of Fe enhanced the chickpea yield and quality. Application of Fe fertilizer for crop production also reduces the malnourishment in human and animals. At present, more emphasis is on biofortification aspect through agronomic as well as breeding techniques. Application of Fe fertilizers in chickpea crop production may be a better sustainable option to overcome these problems in the future. This review article described the Fe role in yield, quality and nutrient uptake by chickpea.

 

Key words: Chickpea, micronutrient, Nutrient management.