African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6578

Full Length Research Paper

Evaluation of intraspecific hybrids of yellow passion fruit in organic farming

Onildo Nunes de Jesus
  • Onildo Nunes de Jesus
  • Embrapa Cassava and Fruits, P. O. Box 007, ZIP Code 44380-000 Cruz das Almas, BA, Brazil.
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Taliane Leila Soares
  • Taliane Leila Soares
  • Embrapa Cassava and Fruits, P. O. Box 007, ZIP Code 44380-000 Cruz das Almas, BA, Brazil.
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Eduardo Augusto Girardi
  • Eduardo Augusto Girardi
  • Embrapa Cassava and Fruits, P. O. Box 007, ZIP Code 44380-000 Cruz das Almas, BA, Brazil.
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Raul Castro Carriello Rosa
  • Raul Castro Carriello Rosa
  • Embrapa Cassava and Fruits, P. O. Box 007, ZIP Code 44380-000 Cruz das Almas, BA, Brazil.
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Eder Jorge de Oliveira
  • Eder Jorge de Oliveira
  • Embrapa Cassava and Fruits, P. O. Box 007, ZIP Code 44380-000 Cruz das Almas, BA, Brazil.
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Alírio José da Cruz Neto
  • Alírio José da Cruz Neto
  • State University of Feira de Santana, ZIP Code 44036-900 Feira de Santana, BA, Brazil.
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Valeria Tebinka dos Santos
  • Valeria Tebinka dos Santos
  • Organic Bionergy, Zip Code 46960-000 Lençois, BA, Brazil.
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João Roberto Pereira Oliveira
  • João Roberto Pereira Oliveira
  • Embrapa Cassava and Fruits, P. O. Box 007, ZIP Code 44380-000 Cruz das Almas, BA, Brazil.
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  •  Received: 19 January 2015
  •  Accepted: 17 March 2016
  •  Published: 16 June 2016

Abstract

The objective of this work was to evaluate 14 hybrids intraspecific of yellow passion fruit aiming to select those with higher performance in an organic production system in Lençóis, Bahia, Brazil. The following variables were evaluated: Plant growth rate index, segregation for peel color, accumulated productivity, fruit physical-chemical attributes, severity of virus disease in plants and fruits, scabs in fruits and overall state of health of plants. Hybrids HFOP-05, BRS Sol do Cerrado and BRS Gigante Amarelo presented highest plant vigor with no direct relation to the percentage of flowering and fruitification of plants. Some hybrids presented yellow, light purple and dark purple peel color. Fruits with dark purple peel presented interesting chemical characteristics, such as lower acidity and greater ratio, providing sweeter flavor of the fruits. There was no differentiated response of the hybrids as to severity of the diseases evaluated. Leaf analysis showed relatively low concentration only for N, P and K. The hybrids selected, BRS Gigante Amarelo, BRS Sol do Cerrado, HFOP-08, HFOP-09, HFOP-11 and HFOP-12 are highlighted for productivity, physical characteristics of fruits and preference of the consumer market being considered an alternative for passion fruit producers that opt for a more environmental friendly production with greater market value.

Key words: Breeding, fruit quality, Passiflora edulis f. flavicarpa, sustainable cultivation, productivity.