African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6576

Full Length Research Paper

Involvement of nitric oxide synthase-dependent nitric oxide and exogenous nitric oxide in alleviating NaCl induced osmotic and oxidative stress in Arabidopsis thaliana

Bo Zhang1,2, Haiqing Wang1 Pei Wang1,2 and Huaigang Zhang1*
1Key Laboratory of Adaptation and Evolution of Plateau Biota, Northwest Institute of Plateau Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Xining, 810001, P. R. China. 2Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100049, P. R. China.
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 22 June 2010
  •  Published: 04 July 2010

Abstract

To elucidate the roles of endogenous nitric oxide on Arabidopsis thaliana tolerance to salt stress, a moderate concentration of NaCl was applied to wild-type (WT) and mutant (Atnoa1) plants which have an impaired in vivo nitric oxide synthase and reduced endogenous nitric oxide content due to T-DNA insertion in the first exon of the NOA1 gene. The exhibited greater inhibition of root growth, higher leaf water loss (LWL), lower contents of chlorophyll, soluble protein, proline, higher activities of peroxidase (POD), ascorbate peroxide (APX), and gluthinone reductase (GR), it also showed lower activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase (CAT) than wild-type plants under NaCl stress. The nitric oxide synthase (NOS) inhibitor NG-nitro-L-Arg (L-NNA) enhanced NaCl induced growth inhibition, osmotic stress, and oxidative stress in wild-type plants. Meanwhile the NO donor, sodium nitroprusside (SNP), alleviated the NaCl induced damages inAtnoa1 plants. These results indicate that both NOS-dependent endogenous NO and exogenous NO were involved in salt resistance in A. thaliana.

 

Key words: Antioxidant enzymes, Arabidopsis thaliana, reactive oxygen species.