African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6401

Full Length Research Paper

Involvement of key stakeholders in controlling animal diseases in rural settings: Experiences with African swine fever in Uganda

Peter Ogweng
  • Peter Ogweng
  • Department of Zoology, Entomology and Fisheries Sciences, College of Natural Sciences (CONAS), Makerere University, Kampala, Uganda.
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Charles Masembe
  • Charles Masembe
  • Department of Zoology, Entomology and Fisheries Sciences, College of Natural Sciences (CONAS), Makerere University, Kampala, Uganda.
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Johnson Francis Mayega
  • Johnson Francis Mayega
  • Department of Environmental Management, College of Agriculture and Environmental Sciences (CAES), Makerere University, Kampala, Uganda.
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Ibrahim Keeya
  • Ibrahim Keeya
  • Department of Production, Mukono District Local Government, Mukono District, Uganda.
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Charles Tumuhe
  • Charles Tumuhe
  • Department of Environmental Management, College of Agriculture and Environmental Sciences (CAES), Makerere University, Kampala, Uganda.
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Rodney Okwasiimire
  • Rodney Okwasiimire
  • Central Diagnostics Laboratory, College of Veterinary Medicine, Animal resources and Biosecurity (COVAB), Makerere University, Kampala, Uganda.
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Vincent Muwanika
  • Vincent Muwanika
  • Department of Environmental Management, College of Agriculture and Environmental Sciences (CAES), Makerere University, Kampala, Uganda.
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  •  Received: 17 June 2020
  •  Accepted: 12 October 2020
  •  Published: 30 November 2020

Abstract

Key stakeholders’ involvement in the design and enforcement of effective African swine fever (ASF) biosecurity measures is very vital. Unfortunately, many times key stakeholders are less involved in the policy designing process. This study analyzed information from stakeholders in Mukono District, to assess the acceptability of enforcing ASF biosecurity measures among key stakeholders. Mukono District has a high density of pigs and a history of frequent ASF outbreaks. Key informants (n = 23) were identified and interviewed in four sub-counties to generate an ASF control stakeholders’ list. Eleven stakeholder groups were identified by the Key Informants. Sixty participants representing different stakeholder groups identified through the Key Informant interviews participated in a workshop to assess stakeholders’ characteristics regarding strict enforcement of ASF control measures. Stakeholder grid analysis revealed 60% as drivers, and 40% as supporters. There were no blockers, abstainers, and bystanders. Despite this, majority of the groups (90%) did not have adequate capacity to implement the intervention due to financial constraints and inadequate technical support. These results show that there is great support for enforcement of biosecurity measures if stakeholders are facilitated with financial and technical support thereby limiting outbreaks of ASF in rural areas of Uganda.

Key words: African swine fever, biosecurity, influence, power, roles, interests, stakeholder.