African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6801

Full Length Research Paper

Effects of reactive red 239 textile dye on total soluble protein content, peroxidase activity and lipid peroxidation of Zea mays L. cv. “Martha F1”

Armagan Kaya1, Emel Yigit2 and Gulcin Beker Akbulut2
  1Department of Biology, Science and Art Faculty, Adiyaman University, Adiyaman, Turkey. 2Department of Biology, Science and Art Faculty, Inonu University, 44280, Malatya, Turkey.
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 04 March 2012
  •  Published: 26 June 2012



This study examined the effects of Reactive red 239 on total soluble protein, peroxidase activity andmalondialdehyde (MDA) content of corns. The corns were exposed to different concentrations of 4000, 5200, 6760, 8788 and 11424 mg/L Reactive Red 239. In comparison to the control group, there was an increase in the total soluble protein content of plant groups exposed to low-concentration dye application. On the contrary, total soluble protein content decreased as the concentration of the dye increased. In the analyzed plants, different effects were observed on peroxidase activity. When compared with the control group, a significant increase was identified in the plants which were treated with Reactive Red 239 excluding the group of 11424 mg/L application. Besides, the effects of Reactive Red 239 on MDA content were analyzed. MDA content of Reactive Red 239 treated plants was found to be lower in all application groups excluding 439 mg/L application group. Our findings indicated that Reactive Red 239 caused significant changes in total protein, peroxidase activity and MDA content.


Key words: Reactive red 239, total soluble protein, peroxidase activity, malondialdehyde (MDA).