African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6578

Full Length Research Paper

Physiological and yield parameters of noni (Morinda citrifolia) as influenced by organic manures and drip irrigation

S. Muthu Kumar* and V. Ponnuswami
Horticultural College and Research Institute, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Periyakulam, Theni District-625604, Tamil Nadu, India.
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 11 June 2013
  •  Published: 20 June 2013

Abstract

An experiment was conducted in Morinda citrifolia to find out the effect of various organic manures and drip irrigation on physiological and yield parameters. The experiment was carried out in split plot design with irrigation regimes on main plot and organic manures on sub plot. Among the treatment combinations, M2S4(100% crop water requirement through drip irrigation + 50% farmyard manure + 50% vermicompost) recorded the superior score for leaf area index (0.2597, 0.7755 and 2.0937), light interception (8.65, 11.97 and 17.68%), specific leaf weight (10.89, 12.98 and 12.23 mg cm-2), chlorophyll ‘a’ (1.483, 1.732 and 1.946 mg g-1), chlorophyll ‘b’ (0.705, 0.772 and 0.840 mg g-1), total chlorophyll (2.223, 2.554 and 2.818 mg g-1), soluble protein (13.68, 15.84 and 14.42 mg g-1), total phenol (4.55, 6.79 and 5.63 mg g-1) and nitrate reductase activity (38.92, 49.06 and 45.84 µg NO2 g-1 h-1) during vegetative, flowering and harvesting stages respectively. The same treatment combination exhibited the highest yield parameters viz, fruit weight (167.86 g), number of fruits per plant (198.12), yield per plant (33.26 kg).

 

Key words: Morinda citrifolia, farmyard manure, vermicompost, coir pith compost, drip irrigation, physiology, yield.