African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6576

Full Length Research Paper

Characterization of farming systems in Jammu region of J&K State and its policy implications

Dileep Kachroo
  • Dileep Kachroo
  • Farming System Research, SKUAST-Jammu, Chatha (J&K), India.
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Jyoti Kachroo
  • Jyoti Kachroo
  • Division of Agricultural Economics and Statistics, FoA, SKUAST-Jammu, Chatha (J&K), India.
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Anil Bhat
  • Anil Bhat
  • Division of Agricultural Economics and Statistics, FoA, SKUAST-Jammu, Chatha (J&K), India.
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N. P. Thakur
  • N. P. Thakur
  • Farming System Research, SKUAST-Jammu, Chatha (J&K), India.
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A. K. Gupta
  • A. K. Gupta
  • Farming System Research, SKUAST-Jammu, Chatha (J&K), India.
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Vijay Khajuria
  • Vijay Khajuria
  • Farming System Research, SKUAST-Jammu, Chatha (J&K), India.
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Mudasir Iqbal
  • Mudasir Iqbal
  • Division of Agricultural Economics and Statistics, FoA, SKUAST-Jammu, Chatha (J&K), India.
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  •  Received: 26 November 2013
  •  Accepted: 03 June 2015
  •  Published: 03 March 2016

Abstract

Farming systems of households in the Jammu region of Jammu and Kashmir State have been analyzed based on the primary data collected through a total sample of 450 farmers in 2010-2011. The cereal based farming system and livestock based farming system has been found mostly in the study area except in Rajouri district where only cereal based farming system was predominant. Livestock and cereals only have been found to be the main sources of farm income in all the districts, whereas maximum contribution to their income was from non-farm. The study has indicated that credit has no impact on farm income as none of the sample farmers has taken credit from any sources, whether it is institutional or non-institutional sources. It was also observed that cross-bred breeding programme has not marked headway in the sample area. As far as resource use efficiency was concerned, Cobb-Douglas production was used and it was observed that the elasticity coefficient was highly significant for area under cereals (AUC) in Reasi and Doda districts whereas for area under other crops (AOTH) it was found to be highly significant in Kathua and Doda districts. Doda district was found highly significant for both DA and EI also.

 

 Key words: Farming system, livestock, cereal.