African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6578

Full Length Research Paper

Greenhouse evapotranspiration and crop factor of Amaranthus cruentus grown in weighing lysimeters

Fasinmirin Johnson Toyin
  • Fasinmirin Johnson Toyin
  • Department of Agricultural Engineering, Federal University of Technology, Akure, Nigeria.
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Reichert Jose Miguel
  • Reichert Jose Miguel
  • Departamento do Solo, Universidade Federal de Santa Maria, RS, Brazil.
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Oguntunde Philip Gbenro
  • Oguntunde Philip Gbenro
  • Department of Agricultural Engineering, Federal University of Technology, Akure, Nigeria.
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Ajayi Ayodele Ebenezer
  • Ajayi Ayodele Ebenezer
  • Department of Agricultural Engineering, Federal University of Technology, Akure, Nigeria.
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  •  Received: 31 May 2014
  •  Accepted: 04 August 2014
  •  Published: 20 August 2015

Abstract

Actual evapotranspiration and crop coefficient (Kc) of Amaranthus cruentus grown in weighing lysimeter was determined under a screen house. The weighing lysimeter was made of a cylindrical plastic of circular cross-sectional area of 0.076 m2 and diameter 0.3 m. Climatic variables such as solar radiation, relative humidity, air temperature and wind speed were collected for the estimation of reference evapotranspiration (ETr) using the FAO-Penman Monteith model. Actual crop evapotranspiration (ETc) was measured directly from the daily drop in the level of water in the burette that was connected to the lysimeter. Crop factor (Kc) was estimated from the ratio of ETc /ETo.  The ETc of the crop rose gradually from the period of emergence (4.5 mm week-1) during the 1 week after planting (WAP) to a maximum value of 14.3 mm week-1 during the 7 WAP. Kc for the emergence and maturity stages of Amaranthus cruentus were 0.15 and 0.36, respectively. The highest leaf area index (LAI) and leaf coverage area were 11.39 and 0.866. The optimum soil moisture content for the highest Kc value (0.36) was 11.7%. The output of this research will be useful for farmers who are into vegetable production for enhanced productivity at farm levels.

 

Key words: Lysimeter, Amaranthus cruentus, crop factor, soil water content, leave area index.