African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6653

Full Length Research Paper

Effect of green manures and mining waste composts on the growth and yield of Abelmoschus esculentus L., Corchorius olitorius L. and Glycine max from Togo

Outende Toundou
  • Outende Toundou
  • Laboratoire de Physiologie et de Biotechnologie Végétales, Université de Lomé, Lomé (Togo), 01 BP: 1515, Lomé, Togo.
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Videdji Naesse Adjahossou
  • Videdji Naesse Adjahossou
  • Ecole Nationale des Biosciences et Biotechnologies Appliquées, Université Nationale des Sciences, Technologies, Ingénierie et Mathématiques, Abomey, Benin.
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Gbenonchi Mawussi
  • Gbenonchi Mawussi
  • Ecole Supérieure d’Agronomie, Département des Sciences du Sol, Université de Lomé, 01 BP: 1515, Lomé, Togo.
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Oudjaniyobi Simalou
  • Oudjaniyobi Simalou
  • Laboratoire de Chimie Organique et des Substances Naturelles, Université de Lomé, Lomé (Togo), 01 BP: 1515, Lomé, Togo.
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Koffi Tozo
  • Koffi Tozo
  • Laboratoire de Physiologie et de Biotechnologie Végétales, Université de Lomé, Lomé (Togo), 01 BP: 1515, Lomé, Togo.
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Tounwendsida Abel NANA
  • Tounwendsida Abel NANA
  • Equipe Phytopathologie et Mycologie Tropicale (PM-Prop), Unité de Formation et de Recherche en Sciences de la Vie et de la Terre (UFR/SVT), Université Joseph KI-ZERBO, 03 BP 7021 Ouagadougou 03, Burkina Faso.
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Adama ZONGO
  • Adama ZONGO
  • Institut des Sciences de l’Environnement et du Développement Rural (ISEDR), Université de Dédougou, BP 176 Dédougou, Burkina Faso.
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Bawomon Fidèle NEYA
  • Bawomon Fidèle NEYA
  • Université Nazi BONI/Centre Universitaire de Gaoua 01, P. O. Box 1091, Bobo-Dioulasso 01, Burkina, Faso.
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Philippe SANKARA
  • Philippe SANKARA
  • Université Aube Nouvelle 06 P. O. Box 9283 Ouagadougou 06, Burkina Faso.
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  •  Received: 29 September 2021
  •  Accepted: 16 November 2021
  •  Published: 31 December 2021

Abstract

In West Africa, agriculture faces many problems including soil degradation. In this study, the effects of four composts on okra and soybean have been evaluated. The plants were sown using a Fisher block design with 5 treatments and 4 replicates/treatments. The green manure of three selected fertilizer species was also evaluated on the growth and yield of okra and of jute mallow in order to identify the best organic fertilizer. The experimental design for the green manure testing is made of 5 treatments which correspond to the green fertilizers of the three selected species, their mixture and a control treatment without amendment. The surface area of each experimental plot is 6 m². The results showed that the composts which high proportions of nutrients gave the best yield. The highest growth (41.25 cm) and number of fruits (10) were obtained with compost C4 versus 27 and 3 cm for the control treatment for okra plants. However, C1 and C2 significantly improved the growth parameters of soybean. Plants grown in C1 and C4 got the highest yields for soybeans. Among the plants fertilizer tested, the species C. odorata and P. argentea improved the yields of okra and mallow. In this regard, these species, compost made from green waste, food, calcareous and clay waste could be an alternative to increase crop production.

Key words: Biofertilizers, mining wastes, crop physiology, plant yields.