African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6863

Full Length Research Paper

Agricultural income, land size and food insecurity in Pakistan

Bilal Ahmed
Department of Economics, University of Karachi, Pakistan.
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 15 October 2013
  •  Published: 07 November 2013


Hundred rural-based households (50 landowners and Sharecroppers each) were interviewed regarding income-consumption in relation with land-size, household-size and debt through ANCOVA model. The Marginal Propensity to Consume (MPC) was greater than one (MPC>1) while, intercept found negative (C<0) describes the serious gap in income and expenditures leading to negative savings produces the debt on respondent. We also found that, the income from agricultural is not capable to compensate the food expenditure.  The debt and food insecurity are positivity linked and at least and on average, 4-acre land required meeting 8000 PKR/per-month equivalent to minimum wage for Landowner and 8-acre for Sharecroppers.

Key words: Agricultural income, land size, food insecurity, debt, food expenditures, marginal propensity to consume (MPC).