African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6576

Full Length Research Paper

Aclonifen: The identikit of a widely used herbicide

Özgür Kilinç
Laboratoire d'Ecologie Alpine (LECA, UMR 5553), Equipe Pollution Environnement Ecotoxicologie Ecoremédiation, Domaine Universitaire de Saint-Martin d'Hères. 2233, rue de la piscine Bât D Biologie, BP 53, 38041 Grenoble Cedex 9, France.
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 05 April 2011
  •  Published: 31 May 2011

Abstract

 

Aclonifen is a herbicide with a diphenylether nucleus which has been authorized for agronomic use in France and Europe in 1983 (Corn, 1 kg.ha-1 and sunflower, 2.7 kg.ha-1 in pre-emergence) and in Turkey since 1994 (sunflowers, 1.8 kg.ha-1 and lentils, chickpeas, 0.75 kg.ha-1). This a.i. shows several characteristics which differ from the other members of its chemical family, especially its two complementary modes of action and a very high conjugation potential in sunflower. These features explain its high selectivity for sunflower and also explain that, after pre-emergence treatment, the a.i. was readily transformed into polar derivatives which remain segregated inside the roots. Thus, the chemical derivatives issued from the use of this a.i. are absent from the sunflower leaves and, consequently, from the flowers and the seeds. The modes of action, uptake, transfer and conjugation of this a.i. in sunflower, as compared to the weeds associated to this culture; show that not only pre-emergence treatments are possible for this a.i. but also post-emergence application.

 

Key words: Aclonifen, herbicide, diphenylether, modes of action, selectivity, metabolism.