African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6574

Full Length Research Paper

Saffron (Crocus sativus) potentials for sustainable rural development: A case study of Balavelayat village in Kashmar, North Eastern Iran

  Ali Monazzam EsmaeilPour1* and Parviz Kardavani2    
  1Geography and Rural Planning, Islamic Azad University, Science and Research Branch, Tehran, Iran. 2Geographpy and agriculture, Islamic Azad University, Science and Research Branch, Tehran, Iran.
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 30 May 2011
  •  Published: 04 July 2011



Saffron (Crocus sativus) is one of the most precious agricultural and medicinal plants in the world. It is resistant to dry climates and so it requires very little water. The cultivation of saffron can help create new job opportunities for many people especially in the Iranian province of Khorasan, with its few industrial places in which many young people can be involved. In addition, promoting the cultivation of saffron can convert the economic and social structure of Kashmar and particularly the village of Balavelayat into an area of success and prosperity. The unemployed villagers who usually seek for a job in cities will stop doing so when they can find good jobs with good income in their own town. As a result, there will be a reduction in the number of people immigrating to big cities.


Key words: Saffron (Crocus sativus), rural development, environmental potentials, employment, reduction of migration.