African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6576

Full Length Research Paper

Forage yield and survival of native range species under supplementary irrigation in Central Saudi Arabia

A. M. Assaeed1, M. I. El-Bana1,2*, A. A. Al-Doss1 and I. A. Al-Mohaisen1
  1Department of Plant Production, College of Food and Agriculture Sciences, King Saud University, P.O. Box 2460 Riyadh 11451, Saudi Arabia. 2Department of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Education at El-Arish, Suez Canal University, El-Arish, Egypt.
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 12 June 2012
  •  Published: 17 July 2012

Abstract

 

The increase of livestock production in Saudi Arabia has resulted in a parallel increase in demand for forage production and hence greater exploitation of ground water for irrigation. The current trend of water conservation policies necessitates finding alternate sources of forages that consume less water than the traditional forage crops. The objective of this study was to evaluate the forage yield and survival of some range species under certain levels of supplementary irrigation. The evaluated species were AtriplexhalimusAtriplex leucoclada, Farsetia aegyptia, Salsola villosa and Artemisia sieberi. The supplementary irrigation treatments were: yearlong irrigation with an amount of 480 mm water, summer and fall irrigation (240 mm), summer irrigation (120 mm) and no supplementary irrigation. Results showed that supplementary irrigation of native range species during summer season increased yield by more than 3-fold over the rain-fed stand. This increase was associated by improvement in the plant survival. Of the five species evaluated, the two saltbushes A. halimus and A. leucoclada produced exceptionally high yield. This study suggested that there is a great potential for the use of native range species as efficient alternatives for the high water demanding traditional forages in arid regions.

 

Key words: Forage yield, range plants, supplementary irrigation.