African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6576

Full Length Research Paper

Estimation of the flower buttons per inflorescences of grapevine (Vitis vinifera L.) by image auto-assessment processing

Radhouane Benmehaia
  • Radhouane Benmehaia
  • Laboratoire de Développement et Valorisation des Ressources Phytogénétiques, Université de Constantine 1, B. P. 325 Route Ain El Bey, Constantine 25017, Algérie.
  • Google Scholar
Derdour Khedidja
  • Derdour Khedidja
  • Laboratoire d'Automatique et Productique, Département de Génie Industrielle, Université de Batna, 05 Avenue Chahid Boukhlouf, 05000 Batna, Algérie.
  • Google Scholar
Mohamed El Moncef Bentchikou
  • Mohamed El Moncef Bentchikou
  • Laboratoire de Développement et Valorisation des Ressources Phytogénétiques, Université de Constantine 1, B. P. 325 Route Ain El Bey, Constantine 25017, Algérie.
  • Google Scholar


  •  Received: 18 June 2016
  •  Accepted: 09 August 2016
  •  Published: 25 August 2016

Abstract

The aim of this research is to develop a reliable tool by a special method, combining image processing based on watershed algorithm, and a predictive model to estimate automatically the flowers number per inflorescence. Eighty images of Vitis vinifera L. inflorescence (the Cardinal cultivar) were processed. Watershed algorithm was used for the image processing and this was followed by statistical analysis that provides robust predictive estimation of the flower button number. The results show a robust estimation, compared to manual flowers counting, with strong correlation. The developed algorithm shows that the watershed algorithm was able to provide an automatic assessment of the flower button number in the inflorescence. The method used is more robust and provides a more significant level compared with recent studies. In the applied research in viticulture, it is crucial to improve knowledge of yield forecasting and to study the fruit set rates estimation. The technique is used to determine, with a higher significance level, the fruitiness rate of grapevine at the early stage of flowering.

Key words: Flower button, fruit set rate, grapevine, image processing, watershed.