African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6576

Short Communication

Determination of some physical and mechanical properties of some cowpea varieties

Faleye T.1*, Atere O. A.2, Oladipo O. N.1 and Agaja M. O.1
1National Center for Agricultural Mechanization (NCAM) Ilorin, Kwara State, Nigeria. 2Federal College of Agriculture (IAR&T) Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria.
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 04 December 2013
  •  Published: 19 December 2013

Abstract

In order to design Agro-processing machine effectively, the study of the physical and mechanical properties of seed and grain is essential for optimal machine design, selection, and operation. In this study, some physical and mechanical properties of five cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) varieties- IT 716, Sokoto Red (SR), Ife Brown (IB), White (WH), and Oloka were determined in ten (10) replicates. The results obtained were subjected to analysis of variance revealing significant differences in all the various properties tested except for the coefficient of friction on plywood, for which the mean values were 0.3978, 0.3972, 0.39806, 0.402, and 0.38194 for IT 716, IB, SR, WH and Oloka respectively. Based on these results, the varieties considered can still be treated under the same condition in mechanical handling. Inferences and recommendation were made for efficient mechanical processing of cowpea.

Key words: Cowpea, physical properties, mechanical, varieties differences.