African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6667

Full Length Research Paper

Tree performance and peach fruits yield and quality under compounds sprays to induce sprouting

Rafael Bibiano Ferreira
  • Rafael Bibiano Ferreira
  • Agronomy/Horticulture Graduate Program, UNESP, FCA, Botucatu, SP, Brazil.
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Sarita Leonel
  • Sarita Leonel
  • College of Agriculture Sciences, São Paulo State University, UNESP, FCA. Avenida Universitária, 3780, Botucatu, SP, 18610-034, 51 914 Brazil.
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Jackson Mirellys Azevedo Souza
  • Jackson Mirellys Azevedo Souza
  • Department of Agronomy, Viçosa Federal University, UFV, Viçosa, MG, Brazil.
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Magali Leonel
  • Magali Leonel
  • Tropical Root and Starches Center, Sao Paulo State University (UNESP), Botucatu, São Paulo, Brazil.
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Marcelo Souza Silva
  • Marcelo Souza Silva
  • Faculty of Higher Education and Integral Training, FAEF, Garça, SP. Brazil.
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Rafaelly Calsavara Martins
  • Rafaelly Calsavara Martins
  • Agronomy/Horticulture Graduate Program, UNESP, FCA, Botucatu, SP, Brazil.
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Vitor Hugo Artigiani Filho
  • Vitor Hugo Artigiani Filho
  • Agronomy/Horticulture Graduate Program, UNESP, FCA, Botucatu, SP, Brazil.
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  •  Received: 16 June 2021
  •  Accepted: 31 January 2022
  •  Published: 28 February 2022

Abstract

The sprouting induction is a fundamental cultural practice in peach orchards grown in subtropical regions around the world. The evaluation of alternatives compounds to induce sprouting is necessary mainly considering its effects on fruit quality. Two alternative compounds such as 2.5% nitrogen fertilizer (NF) + 4% calcium nitrate (CN) and 4% calcium nitrate (CN), besides the control were compared with 0.6% hydrogen cyanamide (HC), the most effectiveness chemical to induce budburst in peach crops grown in subtropical regions of Brazil. The field experiment was undertaken in São Paulo state, southeast Brazil, in two crop seasons. The hydrogen cyanamide increased crop performance of the ‘Douradão’ peach. Regardless, nitrogen fertilizer + calcium nitrate promoted an intermediate yield performance. Both treatments enhanced total phenolic compounds in fruits and their antioxidant activity. The efficacy of hydrogen cyanamide in a region with low chill accumulation was confirmed. Furthermore, nitrogen fertilizer + calcium nitrate are promising sprouting inducing and may be an alternative to replace hydrogen cyanamide, because of improved crop performance and peaches quality and considering the need for new products with less toxicity and characteristics of reducing environmental risk profiles and for the consumer market.

Key words: Prunus persica, hydrogen cyanamide, nitrogen fertilizer, calcium nitrate, bioactive compounds.