African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6529

Full Length Research Paper

Phenology, biomass and yield of cowpea in terms of climate and trellis type

Patricio Apáez Barrios
  • Patricio Apáez Barrios
  • Colegio de Postgraduados-Campus Montecillo. Km 36.5 carretera México-Texcoco 56230. Montecillo, Texcoco. Edo. de México.
  • Google Scholar
J. Alberto S. Escalante Estrada
  • J. Alberto S. Escalante Estrada
  • Colegio de Postgraduados-Campus Montecillo. Km 36.5 carretera México-Texcoco 56230. Montecillo, Texcoco. Edo. de México.
  • Google Scholar
Ma. Teresa Rodríguez González
  • Ma. Teresa Rodríguez González
  • Colegio de Postgraduados-Campus Montecillo. Km 36.5 carretera México-Texcoco 56230. Montecillo, Texcoco. Edo. de México.
  • Google Scholar
Maricela Apáez Barrios
  • Maricela Apáez Barrios
  • Colegio de Postgraduados-Campus Montecillo. Km 36.5 carretera México-Texcoco 56230. Montecillo, Texcoco. Edo. de México.
  • Google Scholar
Víctor M. Olalde Gutiérrez
  • Víctor M. Olalde Gutiérrez
  • Centro de Estudios Profesionales-Colegio Superior Agropecuario del Estado de Guerrero, Km. 14.5 carretera Iguala-Cocula. 40000. Iguala, Guerrero, México.
  • Google Scholar


  •  Received: 30 March 2014
  •  Accepted: 26 June 2014
  •  Published: 04 August 2014

Abstract

Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp) is a considerable protein, carbohydrates, vitamins, minerals and fiber source. Indeterminate habit cultivars require trellis to achieve higher development. This practice increases production cost. Alternatively, crops like maize (Zea mays L.) and sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) can be used to reduce expenses and provide physical support. Growth and yield of cowpea was evaluated using conventional and live trellis, under summer rain conditions in 2012. Experiments were setup in warm (Cocula, Guerrero, México) and temperate climate (Montecillo, Edo. Méx.). One indeterminate growth variety of cowpea was used to measure yield and total biomass. Additionally, harvest index, water use efficiency and profitability for each trellis setup (conventional (CC), maize (CM) and sunflower (CS)). Maximum and minimum temperatures, rain quantity and evaporation were recorded. Warm climate grown cowpea had higher water use efficiency, which translated into higher grain yield (68 g m-2) and total biomass (253 g m-2). Cowpea grown with maize trellis had higher yield by 13% compared to the one grown with sunflower. Net income was higher with maize trellis, followed by sunflower and conventional trellises. Live trellis is an alternative for cowpea production.

 

Key words: Vigna unguiculata, conventional trellis, economic analysis, live trellis.